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Advocacy

A Balanced Collaboration: How Vermont Built a Protocol for Law Enforcement Response to Children and Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 03/12/2010
Jane M. Sadusky

"This paper examines the process Vermont used, including areas of both agreement and uncertainty, and introduces the protocol to a wider audience of interveners. It draws on a review of planning notes and other documents and a series of interviews with those who participated in shaping the process and the protocol. It provides a starting point for other communities to explore their own response to children at domestic violence incidents, as well as an approach that can be used to examine other aspects of intervention."

Adaptation Guidelines for Serving Latino Children and Families Affected by Trauma (pdf)

added 01/13/2009
Chadwick Center for Children and Families, Rady Children’s Hospital - San Diego

"This document was created by experts in the fields of child trauma research, clinical practice, policy and cultural diversity to serve as a resource for anyone who works with Latino families who have experienced traumatic events. There are 12 priority areas covered ranging from micro issues (assessment and provision of therapy) to macro issues (organizational competence and policy). Each one includes an overview of the priority area, recommendations for improving practice based on that priority area, and additional resources for further information. Portions of these guidelines are geared for advocates and therapists, while other priority areas are designed for program administrators and policy makers."

Addressing Gender-based Violence: UNFPA Strategy and Framework for Action (pdf)

added 03/11/2009

This report, grounded in UNFPA's overarching goal of eliminating violence against women and girls, identifies particular areas where action is most urgently needed and proposes general policy frameworks for combating gender-based violence.

Advocacy Beyond Leaving: Helping Battered Women in Contact With Current or Former Partners (pdf)

added 05/19/2009
Jill Davies

A guide for domestic violence advocates providing information on improving outreach and responses to domestic violence victims who are in contact with their partners or children’s fathers. This guide addresses how to identify safety strategies, find resources and to know what to say when a victim’s focus and goals are to remain in contact, remain in the relationship or to improve their children’s relationship with their father.

Advocating for Women in the Criminal Justice System in Cases of Rape, Domestic Violence and Child Abuse

added 10/14/2003

The handbook consisits of various practical forms which were developed by advocates to evaluate criminal justice services for women in cases of rape, domestic violence and child abuse. It also has theoretical chapters on understanding how criminal justice systems can help and harm women.

Beyond Child Labour, Affirming Rights (pdf)

added 03/18/2009

Beyond Child Labour shows how UNICEF and its major partners are working to end child labour, a cause of poverty.

Building Capacity in Child Welfare Systems: Domestic Violence Specialized Positions (pdf)

added 08/04/2008
Ann Rosewater

"The report seeks to assist policymakers and practitioners in developing specialist positions that are tailored to the circumstances of their communities and states. We offer observations about initial expectations for these positions and the evolution of the positions over time. We also set forth composite examples of each of the major types of specialized positions and lay out the components of each, including responsibilities, auspices and settings, competencies, and funding sources. By doing so, we highlight different approaches to improving understanding 2 of domestic violence and strengthening the likelihood of achieving safety for non-offending parents and their children."

Child Abuse and Domestic Violence: Creating Community Partnerships for Safe Families - Suggested Components of an Effective Child Welfare Response to Domestic Violence

added 03/09/1999
Janet Carter and Susan Schechter

November 1997. This paper is meant to serve as a working document rather than the "last word," and it will be subject to revision as child welfare and domestic violence agencies on the vanguard of creating partnerships learn more about the link between child abuse and domestic violence, and how to best protect both children and their abused mothers. While the suggested practices and policies are by no means exhaustive, it is hoped that setting them out will save agencies from having to "reinvent the wheel," and will, at the same time, motivate them to add additional "spokes."

Child and Family Service Review Outcomes: Strategies to Improve Domestic Violence Responses in CFSR Program Improvement Plans (pdf)

added 11/15/2009
Shellie Taggart

"Child and Family Service Reviews (CFSRs) evaluate public child welfare systems to determine how well they achieve safety, permanency, and well-being in difficult situations of neglect, physical and sexual abuse, and co-existing domestic violence, substance abuse, mental health issues, poverty, and community violence. This guide can help stakeholders develop effective (Program Improvement Plans) PIPs for achieving safety, permanency, and well-being in domestic violence cases, and to identify or anticipate related technical assistance needs."

Child Protection Information Sheets (pdf)

added 03/18/2009

"This booklet comprises 14 information sheets which highlight how child protection is crucial to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. Covering different forms of abuse, these sheets also outline how to build a protective environment for children and what UNICEF is doing on the ground to protect children."

Child Welfare Practices for Cases with Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 03/18/2004

This is the third edition of Child Welfare Practice for Cases with Domestic Violence, developed as part of an overall effort to increase the safety of adults and children through collaboration of domestic violence services and child protective services.

Children’s and Adolescents’ Participation and Protection from Sexual Abuse and Exploitation (pdf)

added 06/08/2010
Clare Feinstein and Claire O’Kane

"A paper reviewing government commitments to strengthen participation by children and adolescents to protect them from sexual abuse and exploitation. The paper provides recommendations for further research, policy development, and programming to support advocacy and practice with and by children and adolescents. "

Chinese Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Chinese translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Confidentiality & Information Sharing (pdf)

added 08/06/2004

This document addresses the legal and confidentiality issues advocates face when working with the child protection system and juvenile courts. It also encourages advocacy, and focuses on the information issues advocates face when they counsel battered mothers whose children have been placed in the child protection system. Advocates need to know what to do with the information they gather from victims of domestic violence and what the laws say about how they use that information. Each section offers tips and suggestions for advocates, questions for their consideration, and examples of effective practices. The appendix features worksheets that expand upon the topics addressed in each section.

Considering the Victim in the Implementation of Megan's Laws

added 08/01/2001
Alexandra Walker

This Violence Against Women Online Resources commissioned document focuses on the mixture of opinions and the limited attempts at evaluating community notification as they relate to victim and community safety. It examines notification through the lens of victim safety and privacy rather than through the lens of criminal justice issues.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Cross System Dialogue: An Effective Strategy to Promote Communication Between the Domestic Violence Community, Child Welfare System, and the Courts (pdf)

added 04/30/2010
Stacy M. Lowry and Olga Trujillo

This publication provides information about the use of cross-system dialogue to facilitate communication among representatives working in the domestic violence, child welfare, and court system. Strategies for professionals responding to family violence and child maltreatment are also provided.

Domestic Violence and Family Support Programs: Creating Opportunities to Help Young Children and Their Families (pdf)

added 11/17/2004
Nilofer Ahsan

This paper is part of series of paper that addresses the way to mobilize community and programatic resources to provide responsive help to children and families affected both by domestic violence and poverty. This particular paper provides recommendations to family support staff and administrator to address issue of domestic violence.

Eliminating Violence against Children (pdf)

added 03/13/2009
Inter-Parliamentary Union and UNICEF

"Jointly produced by UNICEF and the Inter-Parliamentary Union, this handbook describes measures parliamentarians can take to end violence against children: they can legislate, oversee government activities, allocate financial resources and, as leaders in their nations and communities, raise awareness of issues."

Environmental Correlates of Pediatric Social Illness: Preventive Implications of an Advocacy Approach

added 09/18/2006

"A controlled prospective study of child abuse and neglect, failure to thrive, accidents and poisonings included 303 inpatients and 257 outpatients. Analysis of maternal interview and clinical data demonstrated significant differences between cases and controls in summative indices of environmental stress, including housing, employment, and access to essential services." - excerpt from abstract

Evaluating Children’s Advocacy Centers’ Response to Child Sexual Abuse (pdf)

added 09/12/2008
Theodore P. Cross, Lisa M. Jones, Wendy A. Walsh, Monique Simone, David J. Kolko, Joyce Szczepanski, Tonya Lippert, Karen Davison, Arthur Cryns, Polly Sosnowski, Amy Shadoin, and Suzanne Magnuson

"With funding from OJJDP, researchers have now completed a four-site evaluation of CACs that, for the first time, contrasts them with comparison communities that did not have a CAC. This Bulletin presents an overview of the results. It examines how CACs affect forensic interviewing, child victim disclosures about abuse, children’s receipt of medical exams and mental health services, prosecution and conviction of offenders, removal of children from their homes, and family satisfaction with child abuse investigations."

Expanding Solutions for Domestic Violence and Poverty: What Battered Women with Abused Children Need from Their Advocates

added 01/13/2006
Susan Schechter

This paper was originally delivered as a talk at the Violence Institute of New Jersey, June 21, 2000. This paper discusses the links between the abuse of women and the maltreatment of their children and the connection between domestic violence and poverty.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Guide to the Optional Protocol on the involvement of children in armed conflict (pdf)

added 03/18/2009
UNICEF, Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers

"A guide to the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child related to children in armed conflict. It describes the context surrounding its adoption, efforts supporting its objectives, key provisions and the legislative processes involved for signature and ratification or accession."

Guidelines for Public Child Welfare Agencies Serving Children and Families Experiencing Domestic Violence

added 08/19/2003

The guidelines describe model policies, practices, programs, and protocols that address the multiple needs of families and children affected by domestic violence and child maltreatment. They are based on recommendations contained in the Greenbook and on the thoughtful recommendations provided by public child welfare agency directors, domestic violence advocates, child advocates, and legal representatives.

Hate, Violence, and Death on Main Street USA: A report on Hate Crimes and Violence Against People Experiencing Homelessness 2008 (pdf)

added 08/21/2009

A new report from the National Coalition for the Homeless (NCH) contains case descriptions of each attack that includes sexual assault. The report notes that because crimes committed against homeless persons often go unreported, the actual numbers of non-lethal attacks is likely much higher. Rapes and sexual assaults also tend to go unreported. The report recommends that state legislatures add homeless persons as a “protected class” to hate crime legislation, and encourages police trainings so law enforcement officers will better understand homelessness and how to prevent hate crimes.

Helping Young Children Affected by Domestic Violence: The Role of Pediatric Health Settiings (pdf)

added 11/17/2004
Betsy McAlister Groves and Ken Fox

This paper is part of series of paper that addresses the way to mobilize community and programatic resources to provide responsive help to children and families affected both by domestic violence and poverty. This particular paper addresses importance of pediatric health care and mental health care in addressing domestic violence.

How to obtain U Interim Relief: A Brief Manual for Advocates Assisting Immigrant Victims of Crime (pdf)

added 11/25/2008
Sally Kinoshita, Immigrant Legal Resource Center

This manual provides U Visa information for advocates who assist victims of crime, including domestic violence. The author outlines the definition, requirements, and application process for U Visa Interim relief and also offers information on obtaining permanent residency and derivative status for family members.

How to Write a Letter to the Judge for Victims of Rape, Domestic Violence and Child Abuse

added 07/26/2001

Gives information that should help you write a more effective letter. Provides four examples of different kinds of letters you as a victim or victim advocate, may want to write to the judge in the criminal case. Also available in Spanish.

Implementing Evidence-Based Practice in Treatment Foster Care (pdf)

added 03/27/2009

The guide highlights valuable information, references, resources, and tools for implementing Evidence-based Practices (EBPs) in Treatment Foster Care (TFC) service settings. The Resource Guide identifies specific models, interventions, and tools that TFC providers can use to deliver effective services to the children, youth, and families in their care. It also provides “how-to” information to help TFC providers successfully implement desired EBPs in their programs.

Korean Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Korean translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Learning from Experiences of Battered Immigrant, Refugee and Indegenious Women with Child Protection Services to Inform a Dialogue Among Domestic Violence Activisits and Advocates (pdf)

added 02/23/2004
V. Pualani Enos

This document introduces voices of battered immigrant, refugee and indegenious women who were also involved in Child Protection Services. The document explores how community approach can enhance the physical, spiritual and mental health of individuals, families and communities and how this concept can be well utilized for policy and practice for social services.

Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence

added 04/23/2010

"The Lifetime Spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Other formats: pdf

Make it Matter: 10 Key Advocacy Messages to Prevent HIV in Girls and Young Women (pdf)

added 04/16/2010
IPPF, UNFPA, Young Positives, Global Coalition on Women & AIDS

"The aim of this guide is to equip its users with key messages, evidence and actions that can be used to advocate effectively to prevent HIV in girls and young women. It focuses on three goals as a response to the epidemic: improving the accessibility of sexual and reproductive health services for girls and young women; expanding socio-economic opportunities; and ending child marriage."

Model Protocol for Advocates Working with Battered Women Involved in the Child Protection System

added 05/10/2005
Lupita Patterson

This protocol includes policy and practice recommendations for advocates who work with battered women involved in the child protection system.

Multi-Agency Practice Guidelines: Handling Cases of Forced Marriage (pdf)

added 08/15/2009
United Kingdom's Forced Marriage Unit

"This report lists warning signs and appropriate actions for teachers and other school employees to take when they suspect a forced marriage of a child is imminent. The report also contains guidelines for police officers, health care professionals, and social workers, and provides general information on good practices when caring for victims of forced marriage."

Multi-disciplinary Teams Including Child Protection Teams Framework for Co-Occuring Domestic Violence and Child Maltreatment (pdf)

added 12/15/2005
Ellie Breitmaier

This series was created through a collaboration of the Vermont Network Against Domestic and Sexual Violence, the Vermont Department for Children and Families and the Vermont Center for Crime Victim Services. Part V describes the structure and purpose of child protection teams, provides guiding questions for domestic violence advocate members of such teams and highlights recommendations.

Parental Alienation Syndrome and Parental Alienation: Research Reviews (pdf)

added 06/14/2009
Joan S. Meier

This VAWnet document provides a historical and research overview of Parental Alienation Syndrome and Parental Alienation, identifies strategic issues for advocates working with victims, and offers guidelines to improve courts’ treatment of these issues.

Poverty and Domestic Violence

added 07/13/2010

"This special collection includes a categorized and selected listing of articles, fact sheets, papers, reports and surveys. It is offered as an additional tool to assist advocates working on and interested in poverty and how it relates to ending violence against women."

Protecting Children from Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Violence in Disaster and Emergency Situations (pdf)

added 04/07/2010

This document provides local and community-based organizations with strategies for preventing the sexual exploitation and trafficking of children during natural disasters and other emergencies.

Punjabi Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/23/2010

"Punjabi translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Realizing the Promise of Home Visitation: Addressing Domestic Violence and Child Maltreatment (pdf)

added 03/07/2010

"This guide is intended to help policy makers and advocates build a strong national policy framework to maximize the effectiveness and reach of early childhood home visiting programs. It is intended to ensure that federal home visiting policies directly address: the needs of mothers and children who are experiencing or at risk of experiencing domestic violence, the link between domestic violence and child abuse and neglect, and the impact of domestic violence on the health and well-being of children and families."

Reasonable Efforts or Unrealistic Expectations: A Look at Hennepin County Child Protection Cases (pdf)

added 05/25/2010
Marna Anderson, Sarah Coulter and Donna McNamara

"The purpose of this report is to identify ways in which Hennepin County could provide greater support for families throughout the Children in Need of Protection or Services (CHIPS) process and improve the systems in which judges, social workers, and guardians ad litem (GAL) are operating."

Reflections from the Field: Considerations for Domestic Violence Specialists (pdf)

added 08/04/2008
Shellie Taggart and Lauren Litton

"Domestic violence and child protection professionals from multiple states came together to discuss the complexity of systems-change work and the continued need for a social justice framework to guide these efforts. This document is a compilation of their stories and insights as people who have worked as or supported domestic violence specialists dedicated to helping families experiencing the co-occurrence of domestic violence and child maltreatment."

Reflections from the Field: Considerations for Domestic Violence Specialists (pdf)

added 08/16/2011
Shellie Taggart & Lauren Litton

The purpose of this document is to share discussions that were had at a "Specialized Positions Meeting". The conversations had at this meeting focused on advances and insights based on the collective experience of specialists; framing key questions for policy makers and others interested in supporting, funding, and implementing specialist positions; and supporting those working as specialists by reaffirming the importance and difficulty of their role and proposing foundational questions for exploration to shape their role and responsibilities to guide the next generation of their work.

Safe & Together

added 05/27/2009
David Mandel & Associates, LLC

A blog developed by David Mandel & Associates, LLC in which they will be exploring the ideas underpinning the Safe and Together model. The model provides a practical and concrete approach to improving the response of child welfare to the risk and safety concerns presented by batterers. They will be providing practical tips and ideas for policy and practice. All are welcome to participate in the discussion.

Silent Realities: Supporting Young Children and Their Families Who Experience Violence (pdf)

added 12/10/2004
Elena Cohen and Barbara Walthall

This guide describes the effects of trauma on young children and suggests strategies for helping victims and witnesses of community and domestic violence to heal. Based on concepts presented by experts attending an institute held during a National Head Start Association training conference in April 2000, the discussion emphasizes the importance of encouraging children and adults to express their fears.

Social Worker's Practice Guide to Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 07/06/2010

A guide created by the Department of Social and Health Services, for social workers working with domestic violence issues in the state of Washington. Includes information on how social workers should work with victims and perpetrators, child assessment of exposure to violence, as well as legal and policy issues in the state.

Tagalog Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Tagalog translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Technology Safety & Advocacy Special Collection

added 03/03/2010

This special collection includes a categorized and annotated listing of selected articles, fact sheets, papers, reports and other materials regarding the use of technology as it impacts and intersects with violence against women and children. It is offered as an additional tool to assist advocates working on and interested in the safe use of technology.

The Greenbook Initiative Final Evaluation Report (pdf)

added 07/02/2008
The Greenbook National Evaluation Team

"The Greenbook national evaluation results are presented in three reports. The Greenbook Demonstration Initiative: Process Evaluation Report: Phase 1 focused on the planning and goal setting phase of the Greenbook initiative in the sites. This final evaluation report assesses the extent to which the Greenbook implementation activities facilitated cross-system and within system change and practice in the child welfare agencies, dependency courts, and domestic violence service providers."

The Impact of Conflict on Women and Girls in West and Central Africa and the UNICEF response (pdf)

added 03/13/2009

"This first-of-its-kind study by UNICEF on the situation of war-affected girls and women in the region highlights innovative programmes being implemented with partners to address the impact of conflict, and recommends how UNICEF can more proactively champion the rights of girls - particularly adolescent girls."

The New Welfare Law: Implications for Battered Women

added 01/06/2006
Attorney Jill Davies

This paper is the first in a series of three papers that aim to provide relevant and practical information about the new "Welfare Law" and its effects on battered women and their children to domestic violence advocates and others working in the field.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

The State of the World's Children 2009 Report

added 03/13/2009

"The State of the World's Children 2009 examines critical issues in maternal and newborn health, underscoring the need to establish a comprehensive continuum of care for mothers, newborns and children. The report outlines the latest paradigms in health programming and policies for mothers and newborns, and explores policies, programmes and partnerships aimed at improving maternal and neonatal health. Africa and Asia are a key focus for this report, which complements the previous year's issue on child survival."

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Manual on the preparation, filing and processing of applications pursuant to the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA). Also includes detailed information on Special Immigrant Juvenile Status for Children Under Juvenile Court Jurisdiction, and U and T Non-Immigrant Visas (Victims of Crime and Trafficking). A good resource for advocates and legal professionals working with these victims.
This document takes some time to download, especially with a slow connection.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 1-100 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 101-200 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 201-300 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 301-380 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

Tips for Social Workers, Counselors, Health Workers, Teachers, Clergy and Others Helping Victims of Rape, Domestic Violence, and Child Abuse

added 10/29/2002

This is a good introduction to advocacy concepts used when working with victims of intimate violence, rape and child abuse. It is designed for use both as a workshop outline and as a guide for direct interactions with individual clients.

Trauma Informed Care Resources for Children Exposed to Violence

added 05/12/2011

Exposure to violence at home, in the form of child abuse and neglect, or in the community, whether at school or in the neighborhood, can affect young people in profound ways. This resource provides information on children's exposure to violence for parents and other caregivers, as well as for teachers and other agencies and staff who may work with these youth. Information includes warning signs of exposure to violence and what you can do to intervene.

UN study on Violence Against Children

added 03/13/2009

"A press release on a new effort to provide a detailed global picture of the nature, extent and causes of violence against children, and propose clear recommendations for action to prevent and reduce such violence. The study focuses on violence against children in five settings: the home and family, schools and educational settings, other institutional settings (orphanages, children in conflict with the law), the community and on the streets, and work situations. "

Understanding and Protecting Your Children from Child Molesters and Predators

added 06/11/2008
Cory Jewell Jensen and Steve Jensen for Oprah.com (2002)

"This packet provides information about child molesters and some of the things you, your family and community can do to help keep children safe."

Using Interpreters in Forensic Interviews (pdf)

added 02/06/2003

This document offers experience-based considerations for those who choose to utilize interpreters in forensic interviews with children.

Violence Against Women and Girls: A Compendium of Monitoring and Evaluation Indicators (pdf)

added 04/30/2010
Shelah S. Bloom

"This compendium offers a set of monitoring and evaluation indicators for program managers, organizations, and policy makers working to address violence against women and girls at individual, community, district and national levels in developing countries."

Witnessing Domestic Violence: The Effect on Children

added 04/30/2008
Melissa M. Stiles, M.D.

The author discusses the conequences of child exposure to domestic violence across various ages, as well as prevention and screening techniques. Community advocacy is emphasized.

Women and Health: Today’s Evidence, Tomorrow’s Agenda (pdf)

added 04/30/2010

"This report reviews evidence on the health issues that particularly affect girls and women throughout their life course. This report uses currently available data to draw attention to the consequences and costs of failing to address health issues at appropriate points in their lives."

Working Effectively with the Police: A Guide for Battered Women's Advocates

added 10/26/2005
Jane Sadusky for BWJP

Revised August 2001. Battered women's advocates and police departments in several jurisdictions have been successful in developing a more effective police response to domestic assault cases. This article highlights information advocates need in order to work collaboratively and effectively with police officers and other law enforcement personnel. The author discusses the changes police officers have made regarding when and how they arrest, investigate, write reports, and how they work with and support prosecutors and victim advocates.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Animals/Pets Cruelty

Animal Abuse and Youth Violence

added 09/24/2010
Frank R. Ascione

15-page Bulletin posted by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. This Bulletin describes psychiatric, psychological, and criminal research linking animal abuse to violence perpetrated by juveniles and adults. Particular attention is focused on the prevalence of cruelty to animals by children and adolescents and to the role of animal abuse as a possible symptom of conduct disorder. In addition, the motivations and etiology underlying the maltreatment of animals are thoroughly reviewed. The Bulletin includes recommendations to curb such cruelty, while providing contact information for additional resources concerned with violence perpetrated against animals and people.

Animal Cruelty/Human Violence (pdf)

added 08/06/2008
First Strike Campaign, Humane Society of the United States (1999)

"This fact sheet offers statistics from several research studies investigating the connection between animal cruelty and human violence, domestic violence, and child abuse."

Animal Maltreatment in the Ecology of Abused Children: Compelling Research and Responses for Prevention, Assessment and Intervention (pdf)

added 05/26/2011
Phil Arkow

In this article Phil Arkow argues that it is important to use an ecological systems approach to better understand children’s interactions with animals. Understanding the role and impact of animals in the ecology of violent childhoods can help service providers to successfully address issues related to exposure to violence.

Battered Women's Reports of Their Partner's and Children's Cruelty to Animals (pdf)

added 08/11/2008
Frank R. Ascione, Journal of Emotional Abuse, 1(1), Haworth Press (1998)

"This research study describes how abuse of pets is a method employed by batterers to control their partners, contributes to the impact on children exposed to violence, and may also be related to batterers' lethality."

Guidance for Veterinarians to Respond to Suspected Cruelty, Abuse and Neglect (pdf)

added 08/16/2011
Phil Arkow, Paula Boyden, Emily Patterson-Kane

This document was created to help veterinarians who see cases of suspected animal abuse and neglect in practice to respond effectively. It is intended to aid veterinarians in establishing individual, practice-specific policies and procedures that best serve the needs of the animal and the client. Topics covered include documentation, decision making, model policies, client questionnaires, legal reporting requirements, liability and confidentiality, and sources of training and resources.

Including Animal Cruelty as a Factor in Assessing Risk and Designing Interventions (pdf)

added 09/24/2010
Mary Lou Randour

This paper assesses the feasibility and usefulness of including animal cruelty as a variable in future research and practices, as well as makes recommendations of how this can be accomplished. In addition, recommended policy changes are discussed, including the practice of maintaining statistics on juvenile animal cruelty and the current proposal before the Federal Bureau of Investigation to add animal cruelty as a separate category in the agency’s crime data collection system.


Child abduction

A Family Resource Guide on International Parental Kidnapping (pdf)

added 04/22/2002
Fox Valley Technical College for U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

Presents practical and detailed advice about preventing international kidnapping and increasing the chance that children who are kidnapped or wrongfully retained will be returned. It provides descriptions and realistic assessments of the civil and criminal remedies available in international parental kidnapping cases, explains applicable laws and identifies both the public and private resources that may be called upon when an international abduction occurs or is threatened, and prepares parents for the legal and emotional difficulties they may experience.

AMBER Alert Best Practices (pdf)

added 05/31/2012
US Department of Justice

This is a guide to enhance the ability of law enforcement, broadcasters and child protection officials to safely recover missing and abducted children. The guide details effective practices for training law enforcement, activating and broadcasting an AMBER Alert, disseminating information to the public and approaching family members of an abducted child.

Barbara J. Hart's Collected Writings

added 05/20/2000
Barbara J. Hart

Barbara J. Hart is the Legal Director of the Pennsylvania Coalition Against Domestic Violence, Associate Director of the Battered Women's Justice Project, and Legal Consultant to the National Resource Center on Domestic Violence. This document contains 16 of her writings around issues of domestic violence.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Child Protection Information Sheets (pdf)

added 03/18/2009

"This booklet comprises 14 information sheets which highlight how child protection is crucial to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. Covering different forms of abuse, these sheets also outline how to build a protective environment for children and what UNICEF is doing on the ground to protect children."

Considering the Victim in the Implementation of Megan's Laws

added 08/01/2001
Alexandra Walker

This Violence Against Women Online Resources commissioned document focuses on the mixture of opinions and the limited attempts at evaluating community notification as they relate to victim and community safety. It examines notification through the lens of victim safety and privacy rather than through the lens of criminal justice issues.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Early Identification of Risk Factors for Parental Abduction (pdf)

added 07/23/2001
Janet R. Johnston, Ph.D., Inger Sagatun-Edwards, Ph.D., Martha-Elen Blomquist, Ph.D., Linda K. Girdner, Ph.D.

12-page Bulletin posted by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). The bulletin provides information regarding the risk factors associated with parental kidnapping and strategies that can be used to intervene with families at greatest risk. They address such critical factors as the characteristics of parents who abduct their own children, the role family violence plays in increasing the likelihood of parental abduction, ways of identifying children at risk of being abducted by a parent or other family member, and steps that can be taken to protect children from family abduction.

Issues in Resolving Cases of International Child Abduction by Parents (pdf)

added 04/22/2002
Chiancone, J., Girdner, L., and Hoff, P.

Dec. 2001 Bulletin. Presents key findings from a study funded by OJJDP to identify barriers encountered by those seeking to resolve cases of international child abduction by parents. Conducted by the American Bar Association Center on Children and the Law, the study explored experiences of left-behind parents, practices of Hague Convention Central Authorities (agencies responsible for handling international abduction cases), and promising strategies for law enforcement personnel and other professionals. The Bulletin features highlights from the study, including survey results, best practices, and recommendations. It also provides background information on international parental abductions and the legal framework that affects these cases.

Kidnaping of Juveniles: Patterns From NIBRS (pdf)

added 12/15/2000
David Finkelhor, Ph.D. and Richard Ormrod, Ph.D.

8-page Bulletin posted by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). This Bulletin describes the offense of kidnapping of juveniles using 1997 NIBRS data. Among other significant findings, the analysis reveals that such abductions are relatively uncommon; that there are three distinct kinds of perpetrators; and that the rate of juvenile kidnapping peaks in the afternoon.

National Estimates of Missing Children: An Overview

added 10/29/2012

The National Incidence Studies of Missing, Abducted, Runaway, and Thrownaway Children (NISMART) are periodic national incidence studies to determine the actual number of children reported missing and the number of missing children who are recovered for a given year. This Bulletin describes the NISMART–2 efforts and presents the results: unified estimates of the number of missing children in the United States. Published in 2002, the data are from 1997-1999.

No estás solo: El camino del secuestro al empoderamiento (pdf)

added 05/31/2012
US Department of Justice

(You're Not Alone: The Journey From Abduction to Empowerment) This document presents the stories of child abduction survivors and how their lives changed after their traumatic experiences.

Personal Safety for Children: A Guide for Parents

added 10/02/2009

"This guide gives tips to help parents keep their children safer at home, at school, and in the community. Available in English and Spanish."

Second Comprehensive Study of Missing Children (pdf)

added 04/25/2000
Louise Hanson

A 6-page Bulletin posted by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). The design of the National Incidence Studies of Missing, Abducted, Runaway, and Thrownaway Children (NISMART 2) study is described in this Bulletin, which outlines how it will provide vital data on the incidence of missing children in seven categories: runaway/thrownaway, nonfamily abduction, family abduction, custodial interference, lost and involuntarily missing, missing due to injury, missing due to false alarm situations, as well as children who have been sexually assaulted.

The Criminal Justice System's Response to Parental Abduction (pdf)

added 04/22/2002
Kathi L. Grasso, Andrea J. Sedlak, Janet L. Chiancone, Frances Gragg, Dana Schultz, and Joseph F. Ryan

15-page Bulletin. As research has demonstrated, the most prevalent form of child abduction in the United States is parental kidnapping. This Bulletin draws on findings of a study conducted for OJJDP by the American Bar Association's Center on Children and the Law and Westat to examine the criminal justice system's response to parental abduction.

The Future of the Grave Risk Of Harm Defense in Hague Cases

added 07/19/2010
Jeremy D. Morley

This article discusses the future of the grave risk of harm defense in Hague Convention international child abduction cases. It provides an interpretation of the Hague Convention in the traditional view as well as in the context of domestic violence. Examples of court rulings are provided which evaluated the nature of abuse and the likelihood of legal protection in the country to which the children are being returned.

The Hague Convention Project

added 02/10/2006

The project seeks to increase the identification of violence against women in international parental child abduction cases processed in U.S. Courts. That identification will allow the American legal community to help protect battered mothers and their children as they cross international borders to safety in the United States. Specifically, this Web site provides information and resources for individuals, attorneys and non-lawyers who litigate or participate in cases involving the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction where domestic violence is an issue.

Understanding and Protecting Your Children from Child Molesters and Predators

added 06/11/2008
Cory Jewell Jensen and Steve Jensen for Oprah.com (2002)

"This packet provides information about child molesters and some of the things you, your family and community can do to help keep children safe."

What About Me? Coping with the abduction of a brother or sister (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

"This booklet is based largely on input from eight children who have experienced the abduction of a brother or sister by a nonfamily member. It is designed to provide help, support, and guidance to children who are going through this type of trauma. "

When Your Child is Missing: A Family Survival Guide

added 04/07/2000

This guide was prepared with the assistance of parents and other family members who have experienced the trauma of a missing child. It provides firsthand insights into what parents should do and what they should expect, and offers heartfelt words of hope and encouragement at a time when they are needed most.
The Spanish-language version Cuando su Nino Desaparece: Una Guia Para la Supervivencia de la Familia is also available.

You're Not Alone: The Journey From Abduction to Empowerment (pdf)

added 01/13/2009
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP)

"Presents several stories of child abduction survivors and how they have grown and developed from their traumatic experiences. This guide, written by survivors of child abduction, provides information to help other child abduction survivors cope with their own experiences and begin their journeys towards a better future. Additionally, this guide contains space where readers can write down their own thoughts and feelings in response to each personal story."

Young People’s Voices on Child Trafficking: Experiences from South Eastern Europe (pdf)

added 02/20/2009
Mike Dottridge

"The UNICEF Innocenti Centre (formally known as the International Child Development Centre) based in Florence, Italy, released a report in December 2008 on child trafficking. The report is based on interviews with 31 individuals in Albania, Kosovo, Republic of Moldova and Romania who had been trafficked when under the age of 18. It details children’s experiences with trafficking and support services. "

¿Y yo? Cómo sobrellevar el secuestro de un hermano o una hermana (pdf)

added 05/31/2012
US Department of Justice

(What About Me? Coping with the Abduction of a Brother or Sister) This document offers insight from siblings of abducted children.


Child custody

A Judicial Guide to Child Safety in Custody Cases (pdf)

added 12/13/2009
Hon. Jerry J. Bowles, Hon. Kaye K. Christian, Margaret B. Drew, JD, Katheryn L. Yetter, JD

"This Judicial Guide contains 14 bench cards which provide an easy-to-use checklist system for judges at critical decision-making points throughout child custody cases, as well as a supplemental guide which provides additional information about in- and out-of-court behaviors, best interest of the child, and order issuance and enforcement. "

Accountability and Connection with Abusive Men (pdf)

added 03/14/2010

"This document is an effort to remedy the excessive focus on mothers in cases involving domestic violence. It provides suggestions for connecting with and holding abusers accountable. It is a resource for child protection workers, supervisors, managers and others working with families involved in the child protection system."

Battered Women Involved with Child Protective Services: Learning from Immigrant, Refugee and Indigenous Women's Experiences (pdf)

added 08/23/2010
V. Pualani Enos

"The purpose of this study was to learn how CPS can be more responsive to families experiencing domestic violence and child abuse and neglect; learn how domestic violence advocates can be more effective in helping clients to respond to allegations of or actual child abuse and neglect and CPS interventions; explore how community can be more responsive to partner abuse and child abuse and neglect and provide support to families involved with CPS; and experiment with a research design that accomplishes the first step of participatory research and at the same time empowers advocates and survivors."

Beyond Observation: Considerations for Advancing Domestic Violence Practice in Supervised Visitation (pdf)

added 08/11/2008
Jay Campbell and Derrick Gordon With Ona Foster

"This paper presents considerations for expanded practice in the Supervised Visitation Grant Program and describes interventions that go beyond observation in the supervised visitation setting."

Child Custody and Visitation Decisions in Domestic Violence Cases: Legal Trends, Research Findings, and Recommendations

added 10/18/1998
Daniel G. Saunders for VAWnet

A surprising number of battered women lose custody of their children to their abusive partners. This document describes some of the legal and cultural trends surrounding custody and visitation decisions and the social science evidence supporting a need to consider domestic violence in these decisions.

Other formats: pdf

Child Custody and Visitation Decisions in Domestic Violence Cases: Legal Trends, Risk Factors, and Safety Concerns (Revised 2007) (pdf)

added 08/11/2008
Daniel G. Saunders in consultation with Karen Oehme (Revised October 2007)

"Describes major legal and social trends surrounding custody and visitation decisions and the social science evidence supporting the need to consider domestic violence. Recommendations for custody and visitation decisions are explored."

Other formats: html

Child Support Protocol: A Guide for Integrated Domestic Violence Courts (pdf)

added 03/13/2010
Judy Reichler and Liberty Aldrich

A best practices guide for legal professionals who oversee integrated domestic violence court cases involving child custody issues.

Custodians of Abuse

added 09/19/2006
Kristen Lombardi

This article addresses the likely and realistic outcome regarding custodial care decisions during divorce battles. It would seem apparent that the parent responsible for inflicting abuse upon their child is often the one to receive unsupervised visitation rights and often even full legal custody as well.

Danger Zone: Battered Mothers and Their Families in Supervised Visitation (pdf)

added 10/28/2008
Tracee Parker, Kellie Rogers, Meghan Collins, and Jeffrey L. Edleson

"This paper outlines research conducted at a supervised visitation center specifically for serving families where domestic violence was the primary reason for referral. The authors have classified their experiences based on these main subjects: battered women in supervised visitation, how battering continues during supervised visitation, how the rules of the supervised visitation center evolved during the first 18 months of implementation, the importance of well-trained visit monitors, and the need to include supervised visitation centers within a larger context of coordinated community responses to domestic violence."

Family Court Statistics: an overview of Family Court Statistics in New Zealand 2004 to 2008

added 06/08/2010

This bulletin analyzes, between 2004 and 2008, the four main areas that come under the jurisdiction of the Family Court in New Zealand, including family violence and child protection.

Guiding Principles for Safe Havens: Supervised Visitation and Safe Exchange Grant Program (pdf)

added 12/13/2009

"This document was designed to guide the development and administration of Supervised Visitation Program centers with an eye toward addressing the needs of child(ren) and adult victims of domestic violence in visitation and exchange settings. The Guiding Principles look beyond the visitation setting to address how communities funded under the Supervised Visitation Program should address domestic violence in the larger community."

Implementing Evidence-Based Practice in Treatment Foster Care (pdf)

added 03/27/2009

The guide highlights valuable information, references, resources, and tools for implementing Evidence-based Practices (EBPs) in Treatment Foster Care (TFC) service settings. The Resource Guide identifies specific models, interventions, and tools that TFC providers can use to deliver effective services to the children, youth, and families in their care. It also provides “how-to” information to help TFC providers successfully implement desired EBPs in their programs.

Issue Brief: Addressing the Mental Health Impact of Violence and Trauma on Children (pdf)

added 12/12/2011

In addressing the mental health impact of violence and trauma on children, Luest looks into the question of "what is happening to our children" and responds with a well researched look into the experiences of children who are exposed to violence, their behavioral response, and how the system is currently failing them. She finishes with "next steps" for how policymakers, administration and government, communities and families can be more responsive to the needs of children.

Keeping Children Safe When Parents Are Arrested: Local Approaches That Work (pdf)

added 10/20/2008
California State Library and Research Bureau, July 2007

This report presents protocols developed by four California communities that coordinated responses between child welfare services and law enforcement when parents are arrested. The report found that there were decreased trauma rates in the communities, fewer children taken into custody by child protective services, and increased positive interaction between parents, communities, and law enforcement.

Model Protocol for Advocates Working with Battered Women Involved in the Child Protection System

added 05/10/2005
Lupita Patterson

This protocol includes policy and practice recommendations for advocates who work with battered women involved in the child protection system.

Parental Alienation Syndrome and Parental Alienation: Research Reviews (pdf)

added 06/14/2009
Joan S. Meier

This VAWnet document provides a historical and research overview of Parental Alienation Syndrome and Parental Alienation, identifies strategic issues for advocates working with victims, and offers guidelines to improve courts’ treatment of these issues.

Promising Approaches: Working with Families, Child Welfare and Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 12/17/2009
Massachusetts Department of Children and Families

The purpose of this brochure is to provide a framework for mandated reporters to create family centered approaches when domestic violence is identified and to offer guidelines to assist mandated reporters to assess accurately and sympathetically, the impact of domestic violence on children and their families.

Realizing the Promise of Home Visitation: Addressing Domestic Violence and Child Maltreatment (pdf)

added 03/07/2010

"This guide is intended to help policy makers and advocates build a strong national policy framework to maximize the effectiveness and reach of early childhood home visiting programs. It is intended to ensure that federal home visiting policies directly address: the needs of mothers and children who are experiencing or at risk of experiencing domestic violence, the link between domestic violence and child abuse and neglect, and the impact of domestic violence on the health and well-being of children and families."

Reasonable Efforts Checklist for Dependency Cases Involving Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 12/13/2009

"This checklist includes easy reference bench cards for judges to consult during removal, adjudication, disposition, review, permanency, and termination hearings involving domestic violence. It is designed to aid judges in making reasonable efforts findings that are required by federal law in dependency cases involving domestic violence."

Reasonable Efforts or Unrealistic Expectations: A Look at Hennepin County Child Protection Cases (pdf)

added 05/25/2010
Marna Anderson, Sarah Coulter and Donna McNamara

"The purpose of this report is to identify ways in which Hennepin County could provide greater support for families throughout the Children in Need of Protection or Services (CHIPS) process and improve the systems in which judges, social workers, and guardians ad litem (GAL) are operating."

Research Indicating that the Majority of Cases that go to Court as "High Conflict" Contested Custody Cases Have a History of Domestic Violence

added 01/07/2009
Compiled by Professor Joan S. Meier, Esq.

This document, comprised of research from many leading experts in the field of domestic violence, lays out the case that the majority of high conflict child custody disputes have a history of domestic violence.

Second Comprehensive Study of Missing Children (pdf)

added 04/25/2000
Louise Hanson

A 6-page Bulletin posted by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). The design of the National Incidence Studies of Missing, Abducted, Runaway, and Thrownaway Children (NISMART 2) study is described in this Bulletin, which outlines how it will provide vital data on the incidence of missing children in seven categories: runaway/thrownaway, nonfamily abduction, family abduction, custodial interference, lost and involuntarily missing, missing due to injury, missing due to false alarm situations, as well as children who have been sexually assaulted.

Supervised Visitation Programs: Information for Mothers Who Have Experienced Abuse (pdf)

added 12/13/2009
Jill Davies for Futures Without Violence, formerly the Family Violence Prevention Fund

"This guide was created for mothers who have experienced abuse and whose children are involved in supervised visitation programs. The guide provides information about how the programs work and how mothers can prepare themselves and their children for the experience."

The Future of the Grave Risk Of Harm Defense in Hague Cases

added 07/19/2010
Jeremy D. Morley

This article discusses the future of the grave risk of harm defense in Hague Convention international child abduction cases. It provides an interpretation of the Hague Convention in the traditional view as well as in the context of domestic violence. Examples of court rulings are provided which evaluated the nature of abuse and the likelihood of legal protection in the country to which the children are being returned.

The Troubling Admission of Supervised Visitation Records in Custody Proceedings

added 02/06/2003
Nat Stern and Karen Oehme

This document, originally published in Vol. 75, No.2 of the Temple Law Review, explores the purpose of supervised visitation programs and the legal community's call for their development. At the core of this document is an examination of the standards and guidelines of these programs, as well as the issues surrounding the use and admissibility of observation reports used by these programs.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

The Use of Expert Testimony on Intimate Partner Violence (pdf)

added 11/04/2009
Kathleen J. Ferraro and Noël Bridget Busch-Armendariz, VAWnet

"This Applied Research paper presents an overview of the uses of expert testimony, the qualifications and roles of experts, the literature on the use of testimony on the effects of battering, and considerations for future research."

Other formats: html

When Children Experience Domestic Violence: Expert Opinion

added 04/30/2008
National Coalition for Child Protection Reform

This document includes a summary of a ruling made by a New York Judge to stop removing children from battered women because children of such women are exposed to domestic violence.


Child exposure

2009 KIDS COUNT Data Book: State Profiles of Child Well-being (pdf)

added 09/18/2009

This 20th annual KIDS COUNT Data Book provides national and state-by-state information and statistical trends on the conditions of America’s children and families. The book reports on indicators of educational achievement, economic well-being, and health, among others. The book also ranks states on a composite indicator of child wellness, aggregating measures such as infant mortality rate, graduation rates, and children in poverty.

A Balanced Collaboration: How Vermont Built a Protocol for Law Enforcement Response to Children and Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 03/12/2010
Jane M. Sadusky

"This paper examines the process Vermont used, including areas of both agreement and uncertainty, and introduces the protocol to a wider audience of interveners. It draws on a review of planning notes and other documents and a series of interviews with those who participated in shaping the process and the protocol. It provides a starting point for other communities to explore their own response to children at domestic violence incidents, as well as an approach that can be used to examine other aspects of intervention."

A Better Start: Child maltreatment as a public health priority (pdf)

added 12/12/2011
Zimmerman, F. & Mercy, J.A.

Using a public health approach, the authors of this article promote the prevention of child maltreatment using strategies that offer a continuum of services & encorporate the individual, family, community, and societal levels to promote health and well-being.

A Judicial Checklist for Children and Youth Exposed to Violence (Actual Checklist for Consideration) (pdf)

added 01/22/2007

A detailed checklist outlining information for judges to consider when working with cases where children or youth have been exposed to violence. A technical assistance brief detailing educational information and knowledge that is important for judges to be familiar with, can be found under the additional title.

A Judicial Checklist for Children and Youth Exposed to Violence (Informational Reading) (pdf)

added 01/22/2007

A technical assistance brief that addresses the need for judges to understand the impact violence has on children and adolescents. The detailed checklist outlining information for judges to consider is located separate from this material.

A Judicial Guide to Child Safety in Custody Cases (pdf)

added 12/13/2009
Hon. Jerry J. Bowles, Hon. Kaye K. Christian, Margaret B. Drew, JD, Katheryn L. Yetter, JD

"This Judicial Guide contains 14 bench cards which provide an easy-to-use checklist system for judges at critical decision-making points throughout child custody cases, as well as a supplemental guide which provides additional information about in- and out-of-court behaviors, best interest of the child, and order issuance and enforcement. "

Accountability and Connection with Abusive Men (pdf)

added 03/14/2010

"This document is an effort to remedy the excessive focus on mothers in cases involving domestic violence. It provides suggestions for connecting with and holding abusers accountable. It is a resource for child protection workers, supervisors, managers and others working with families involved in the child protection system."

Adaptation Guidelines for Serving Latino Children and Families Affected by Trauma (pdf)

added 01/13/2009
Chadwick Center for Children and Families, Rady Children’s Hospital - San Diego

"This document was created by experts in the fields of child trauma research, clinical practice, policy and cultural diversity to serve as a resource for anyone who works with Latino families who have experienced traumatic events. There are 12 priority areas covered ranging from micro issues (assessment and provision of therapy) to macro issues (organizational competence and policy). Each one includes an overview of the priority area, recommendations for improving practice based on that priority area, and additional resources for further information. Portions of these guidelines are geared for advocates and therapists, while other priority areas are designed for program administrators and policy makers."

Advocacy Beyond Leaving: Helping Battered Women in Contact With Current or Former Partners (pdf)

added 05/19/2009
Jill Davies

A guide for domestic violence advocates providing information on improving outreach and responses to domestic violence victims who are in contact with their partners or children’s fathers. This guide addresses how to identify safety strategies, find resources and to know what to say when a victim’s focus and goals are to remain in contact, remain in the relationship or to improve their children’s relationship with their father.

American Indians and Crime (pdf)

added 07/07/2008
Lawrence Greenfield and Steven Smith, U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics

"Reports rates and characteristics of violent crimes experienced by Native Americans and summarizes data on Native Americans in the criminal justice system."

Animal Maltreatment in the Ecology of Abused Children: Compelling Research and Responses for Prevention, Assessment and Intervention (pdf)

added 05/26/2011
Phil Arkow

In this article Phil Arkow argues that it is important to use an ecological systems approach to better understand children’s interactions with animals. Understanding the role and impact of animals in the ecology of violent childhoods can help service providers to successfully address issues related to exposure to violence.

Assessing Child Exposure to Adult Domestic Violence (word)

added 07/06/2006
Jeffrey L. Edleson, Amanda L. Ellerton, Ellen A. Seagren, Staci L. Kirchberg, Sarah O. Schmidt, & Amirthini T. Ambrose

This article addresses the current available assessment tools for measuring the level of exposure to domestic violence children have witnessed within the home. A brief review of the existing measurements is offered as well as the need for a more thoroughly refined assessment tool. Suggestions are offered.

Assessing Risk To Children From Batterers (pdf)

added 06/16/2005
Lundy Bancroft and Jay G. Silverman

This document provides an overview of potential sources of physical and psychological injury to children from contact with batterers, details recommendations for evaluating the risk to children and provides assessment guidelines that professionals can apply in cases where a batterer admits to a history of abusiveness by asserting that he has changed. Information is also provided regarding the necessary context for children's recovery from exposure to battering behavior.

Barbara J. Hart's Collected Writings

added 05/20/2000
Barbara J. Hart

Barbara J. Hart is the Legal Director of the Pennsylvania Coalition Against Domestic Violence, Associate Director of the Battered Women's Justice Project, and Legal Consultant to the National Resource Center on Domestic Violence. This document contains 16 of her writings around issues of domestic violence.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Battered Women and Their Children

added 12/07/1999

Battered Women and Their Children is a website devoted to a professional and scholarly examination of the connections between domestic violence (woman abuse) and child maltreatment (child abuse and neglect).

Battered Women Involved with Child Protective Services: Learning from Immigrant, Refugee and Indigenous Women's Experiences (pdf)

added 08/23/2010
V. Pualani Enos

"The purpose of this study was to learn how CPS can be more responsive to families experiencing domestic violence and child abuse and neglect; learn how domestic violence advocates can be more effective in helping clients to respond to allegations of or actual child abuse and neglect and CPS interventions; explore how community can be more responsive to partner abuse and child abuse and neglect and provide support to families involved with CPS; and experiment with a research design that accomplishes the first step of participatory research and at the same time empowers advocates and survivors."

Battered Women's Reports of Their Partner's and Children's Cruelty to Animals (pdf)

added 08/11/2008
Frank R. Ascione, Journal of Emotional Abuse, 1(1), Haworth Press (1998)

"This research study describes how abuse of pets is a method employed by batterers to control their partners, contributes to the impact on children exposed to violence, and may also be related to batterers' lethality."

Batterer Accountability: Responding to Child Maltreatment and Domestic Violence

added 11/30/2011

"This paper outlines the philosophical basis of best practice that is rooted in batterer accountability - and it outlines the consequences to children when programs are not so rooted. The paper goes on to talk about all the things advocates can do to push system change that fully integrates batterer accountability, provides excellent advocacy to victims, supports CPS collaborators and looks at alternative models for dependencies and termination of parent rights."

Beyond Observation: Considerations for Advancing Domestic Violence Practice in Supervised Visitation (pdf)

added 08/11/2008
Jay Campbell and Derrick Gordon With Ona Foster

"This paper presents considerations for expanded practice in the Supervised Visitation Grant Program and describes interventions that go beyond observation in the supervised visitation setting."

Boys will be Boys: Understanding the Impact of Child Maltreatment and Family Violence on the Sexual, Reproductive, and Parenting Behaviors of Young Men (pdf)

added 06/25/2010
Abby Kahn and Pat Paluzzi, Healthy Teen Network

A paper on the impact of physical, sexual, and psychological abuse, and exposure to family violence on the sexual, reproductive, and parenting behaviors of young men.

Bringing the Greenbook to Life: a Resource Guide for Communities (pdf)

added 08/04/2008
Ann Rosewater and Leigh Goodmark

"This guide is designed for communities seeking to develop interventions that will improve their responses to families suffering both domestic violence and child maltreatment."

Child Abuse and Domestic Violence: Creating Community Partnerships for Safe Families - Suggested Components of an Effective Child Welfare Response to Domestic Violence

added 04/30/2008
Janet Carter and Susan Schechter

November 1997. This paper is meant to serve as a working document rather than the "last word," and it will be subject to revision as child welfare and domestic violence agencies on the vanguard of creating partnerships learn more about the link between child abuse and domestic violence, and how to best protect both children and their abused mothers. While the suggested practices and policies are by no means exhaustive, it is hoped that setting them out will save agencies from having to "reinvent the wheel," and will, at the same time, motivate them to add additional "spokes."

Child Abuse and Neglect Fatalities: Statistics and Interventions (pdf)

added 04/01/2009

"This 2008 brief report presents statistical information on maltreatment-related fatalities of children including who are the victims and perpetrators and how communities often respond. "

Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention: Reports from the Field and Ideas for the Future (pdf)

added 04/01/2009
Rebecca Shaw, M. Rebecca Kilburn

"This report summarizes findings from a PPN project conducted for the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation's Child Abuse Prevention Program. The project sought to assess the current state of the child abuse and neglect prevention field as well as identify potential future directions for the field in terms of emerging priorities and prevention strategies."

Child abuse, child pornography and the internet (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
John Carr

This report seeks to determine to what extent the internet facilitates sexually abusive behavior in individuals. The report also discusses the role that child pornography can play in stimulating individuals with sexual interest in children to go on committing real life offences against children. The author concludes by proposing ways to increase protection for children using the internet and reduce the amount of child pornography being posted on the internet.

Child and Family Service Review Outcomes: Strategies to Improve Domestic Violence Responses in CFSR Program Improvement Plans (pdf)

added 11/15/2009
Shellie Taggart

"Child and Family Service Reviews (CFSRs) evaluate public child welfare systems to determine how well they achieve safety, permanency, and well-being in difficult situations of neglect, physical and sexual abuse, and co-existing domestic violence, substance abuse, mental health issues, poverty, and community violence. This guide can help stakeholders develop effective (Program Improvement Plans) PIPs for achieving safety, permanency, and well-being in domestic violence cases, and to identify or anticipate related technical assistance needs."

Child Maltreatment 2006 Report (pdf)

added 04/01/2009

"The latest Child Maltreatment annual report reports statistical data from the states on reports of maltreatment, characteristics of the children involved and their perpetrators, fatalities tied to maltreatment, and services provided to prevent maltreatment or to address the consequences of maltreatment."

Child Protection in Families Experiencing Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 12/08/2004
H. Lien Bragg, Office on Child Abuse and Neglect., Caliber Associates.

This manual provides background on this complex topic and addresses the following practice issues: The overlap between child maltreatment and domestic violence; The basics of domestic violence; Modifying child protection practice with families experiencing domestic violence; Enhancing caseworker safety and support in child protection cases involving domestic violence; and Building collaborative responses for families experiencing domestic violence. Appendices include a glossary of terms, child, victim, and alleged perpetrator domestic violence assessments, safety plans, and information about developing a memorandum of understanding.

Child Protection Information Sheets (pdf)

added 03/18/2009

"This booklet comprises 14 information sheets which highlight how child protection is crucial to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. Covering different forms of abuse, these sheets also outline how to build a protective environment for children and what UNICEF is doing on the ground to protect children."

Child Protective Services for Children of Battered Women: Practice and Controversy

added 01/04/2001
Carol Echlin and Larry Marshal for the London and Middlesex Children's Aid Society

1995. A look at the difficulties that child protection workers face when trying to make a situation safe for children who witness woman abuse.

Child Welfare Practices for Cases with Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 03/18/2004

This is the third edition of Child Welfare Practice for Cases with Domestic Violence, developed as part of an overall effort to increase the safety of adults and children through collaboration of domestic violence services and child protective services.

Child Welfare: Health & Human Services

added 04/30/2008
Office for the Prevention of Domestic Violence

This website provides a number of documents and related resources, particlarly for child welfare workers. Training resources and interventions are provided as well.

Child Witnesses to Domestic Violence - Common Questions

added 04/30/2008
The Massachusetts Coalition Against Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence

Frequently Asked Questions about child witnessing of domestic violence are answered along with information about how children are impacted, the long-term effects, and how to help.

Child-Pornography Possessors Arrested in Internet-Related Crimes: Findings From the National Juvenile Online Victimization Study (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Janis Wolak ; David Finkelhor ; Kimberly J. Mitchell

"This report presents findings from the National Juvenile Online Victimization (N-JOV) Study describing arrests and characteristics of offenses and offenders for Internet-related sex crimes committed against minors."

Childhood Experience and the Expression of Genetic Potential: What Childhood Neglect Tells Us About Nature and Nurture (pdf)

added 02/25/2009
Bruce D. Perry

"Abuse studies from the author’s laboratory, studies of children in orphanages who lacked emotional contact, and a large number of animal deprivation and enrichment studies point to the need for children and young nonhuman mammals to have both stable emotional attachments with and touch from primary adult caregivers, and spontaneous interactions with peers. If these connections are lacking, brain development both of caring behavior and cognitive capacities is damaged in a lasting fashion. The effects of the childhood environment, favorable or unfavorable, interact with all the processes of neurodevelopment."

Children and Domestic Violence

added 05/09/2007
Centre for Children and Families in the Justice System

A variety of resources are provided for professionals and for any person interested in learning more about children and domestic violence, including books and training materials.

Children and Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 05/09/2007
Steve Cohen

This document is based on a presentation done by Steve Cohen. It reviews the impact of exposure to domestic violence on children, the scope of the problem, and a variety of resources are also provided.

Children and Families Experiencing Domestic Violence: Police and Children’s Social Services’ Responses (pdf)

added 07/07/2011

This research examines both the notification process for children's exposure to violence itself and the subsequent service pathways followed by families brought to the attention of children’s social services in this way. It also explores which other agencies contribute to services for families experiencing domestic violence and captures young people’s, survivors’ and perpetrators’ views of services.

Children and Family Violence: The Unnoticed Victims

added 05/20/1996
Gabrielle M. Maxwell of New Zealand's Office of the Commissioner for Children

May 1994 report based on a New Zealand study. This document goes into detail about child exposure to domestic violence and the consequences of such witnessing.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Children Exposed to Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 03/06/2013

This December 2012 newsletter from the Center for Research & Education on Violence Against Women & Children provides clearly presented information on recent research around child exposure to domestic violence.

Children Exposed to Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
Rhode Island Kids Count

In this brief, an outline is provided that details the domestic violence problem, how it effects children by age and gender, the connection between DV and child abuse, and Rhode Islands specific efforts to combat the problem.

Children Exposed to Violence: A Handbook for Police Trainers to Increase Understanding and Improve Community Responses (pdf)

added 10/30/2003
L.L. Baker, P.G. Jaffe, S.J. Berkowitz & M. Berkman

This handbook is for domestic violence specialists and trainers in police departments. It is designed to increase the understanding of children’s exposure to domestic violence by officers responding to these situations.

Children Exposed to Violence: A Teacher's Handbook to Increase Understanding and Improve Community Responses (pdf)

added 10/30/2003
L.L. Baker, P.G. Jaffe, L.M. Ashbourne & J. Carter

This 26-page resource helps educators understand how violence affects children at different ages, what teachers may see in the classroom, teaching strategies, handling parent-attended events, and supporting students who disclose.

Children Hurt Too: How You Can Help (pdf)

added 02/09/2006
King County

This booklet contains information put together by King County in Washington, that can help parents to talk to their children about the violence, and help children to recover from their experience so they don’t become abusers or victims themselves.

Children's Domestic Violence Assessment Tool (pdf)

added 04/30/2008

"The purpose of this tool is to help assess safety, risk, strengths and needs. It may be used to assist in decision making and service planning during any stage of the CPS case (assessment through case planning and case management) in conjunction with required Structured Decision Making Tools. The tool is designed for use with the child(ren) in CPS cases involving domestic violence."

Children's Exposure to Domestic Violence in Australia (pdf)

added 07/05/2011
Kelly Richards

In this paper, current knowledge about the extent of children's exposure to domestic violence in Australia is described, along with the documented impacts that this exposure can have on children. Current legislative and policy initiatives are then described and some community-based programs that have been introduced in Australia to address the problem of children's exposure to domestic violence are highlighted.

Children's Exposure to Domestic Violence: A Guide to Research and Resources (pdf)

added 01/22/2007
Alicia Summers

Published in collaborative work with the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, this document outlines: the impace of domestic violence on children, the legal issues and system responses affecting children exposed to domestic violence, and provides useful resources which address this specific area of interest.

Children's Exposure to Violence: The Safe Start Initiative (pdf)

added 02/14/2002
Kracke, K. , U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

This April 2001 Factsheet presents an overview of the Safe Start Initiative. Researchers estimate that as many as 10 million U.S. children witness or are victims of violence in their homes or communities each year. The Safe Start Initiative, which was developed by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention in partnership with the Office of Justice Programs and the Department of Health and Human Services, is designed to prevent and reduce the impact of violence on young children and their families through the development of comprehensive and collaborative service delivery systems.

Children, Young People and Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 05/09/2007
Lesley Laing

The author explores "the ways in which children and young people experience domestic violence," as well as the impact it has on child development and the response by professionals and the child protection system is also reviewed.

Children’s Exposure to Violence: A Comprehensive National Survey (pdf)

added 10/23/2009
David Finkelhor, Heather Turner, Richard Ormrod, Sherry Hamby, and Kristen Kracke

"This Bulletin discusses the National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence that measured the past-year and lifetime exposure to violence for children age 17 and younger across several major categories: conventional crime, child maltreatment, victimization by peers and siblings, sexual victimization, witnessing and indirect victimization (including exposure to community violence and family violence), school violence and threats, and Internet victimization."

Chinese Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Chinese translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Civil and Criminal Responses to Children and Youth Who Experience Domestic Violence: A Model Policy Response for Vermont (pdf)

added 12/15/2005
Amy Fitzgerald, Jill Richard, Amy Torchia and Janine Allo

This series was created through a collaboration of the Vermont Network Against Domestic and Sexual Violence, the Vermont Department for Children and Families and the Vermont Center for Crime Victim Services. Part II of the series provides well-documented information for policy development regarding criminal and civil responses to issues impacting children exposed to domestic violence that hold batterers accountable. The paper incudes a discussion of unintended consequences of these policies, a review of several state statutes and a model response and recommendations for Vermont.

Collaborating for Family Safety: Results From the Greenbook Multisite Evaluation

added 08/04/2008
Jeffrey L. Edleson and Neena M. Malik

"This special issue of the Journal of Interpersonal Violence features results from a multisite developmental evaluation of best practices at the intersection of child maltreatment and adult domestic violence."

Conceptualizing Juvenile Prostitution as Child Maltreatment: Findings from the National Juvenile Prostitution Study (pdf)

added 08/11/2010
Kimberly J. Mitchell, David Finkelhor and Janis Wolak

"Two studies were conducted to identify the incidence (Study 1) and characteristics (Study 2) of juvenile prostitution cases known to law enforcement agencies in the United States. Findings indicate law enforcement responses to juvenile prostitution are influential in determining whether such youth are viewed as victims of commercial sexual exploitation or as delinquents."

Corporal punishment as a Stressor Among Youth (pdf)

added 11/19/2008
Heather A. Turner and David Finkelhor

"This article addresses the impact of corporal punishment by parents on the psychological well being of youth. Based on the authors' findings, the research indicates a positive association between the frequency of corporal punishment and both psychological distress and depression."

Corporal Punishment by Parents and Associated Child Behaviors and Experiences: A Meta-Analytic and Theoretical Review (pdf)

added 11/19/2008
Elizabeth Thompson Gershoff

"The author presents the results of meta-analyses of the association between parental corporal punishment and 11 child behaviors and experiences. Parental corporal punishment was associated with all child constructs, including higher levels of immediate compliance and aggression and lower levels of moral internalization and mental health. The author then presents a process– context model to explain how parental corporal punishment might cause particular child outcomes and considers alternative explanations. The article concludes by identifying 7 major remaining issues for future research."

Corporal Punishment in Adolescence and Physical Assaults on Spouses in Later Life: What Accounts for the Link? (pdf)

added 11/19/2008
MURRAY A. STRAUS AND CARRIE L. YODANIS

"Using data on 4,401 couples who participated in the National Family Violence Survey, this article reports modeling of cultural norms or other processes that could account for the link between corporal punishment and partner violence. Because corporal punishment of adolescents occurs in over half of U.S. families, the findings suggest that elimination of this practice can reduce some of the psychological and social processes that increase the likelihood of future marital violence and perhaps other violence as well."

Crafting the Greenbook: Framers Reflect on the Vision, Process, and Lessons Learned

added 08/04/2008
Colleen Janczewski, Nicole Dutch, and Kathleen Wang

"As part of the evaluation of the Greenbook initiative, the evaluation team asked the national experts who helped frame the Greenbook to reflect on the processes used and the decisions that shaped the document. In addition, the experts were asked to describe their expectations for the systems and communities that implemented the recommendations, including anticipated challenges."

Danger Zone: Battered Mothers and Their Families in Supervised Visitation (pdf)

added 10/28/2008
Tracee Parker, Kellie Rogers, Meghan Collins, and Jeffrey L. Edleson

"This paper outlines research conducted at a supervised visitation center specifically for serving families where domestic violence was the primary reason for referral. The authors have classified their experiences based on these main subjects: battered women in supervised visitation, how battering continues during supervised visitation, how the rules of the supervised visitation center evolved during the first 18 months of implementation, the importance of well-trained visit monitors, and the need to include supervised visitation centers within a larger context of coordinated community responses to domestic violence."

Defining Child Exposure to Domestic Violence as Neglect: Minnesota's Difficult Experience (pdf)

added 08/16/2011
feffrey L. Edleson, fenny Gassman-Pines, and Marissa B. Hill

The 1999 the Minnesota legislature amended the definition of child neglect to include a child's exposure to family violence. This article reconstructs how Minnesota's legislature made this change, its consequences, and the lessons that may be drawn from this experience.

Developmental Repair: A Training Manual (pdf)

added 07/16/2009
Anne Gearity, PhD, LICSW

Washburn Center for Children has recently completed a training manual on Developmental Repair – the treatment framework that has been developed and implemented in their Day Treatment Program under the clinical leadership of Anne Gearity PhD, LICSW. It is an intensive treatment model for working with young children who have experienced complex trauma and present with aggressive and disruptive symptoms.

Developmental Status and Early Intervention Service Needs of Maltreated Children (pdf)

added 01/13/2009
J. Losby et al.

"In this report, published by the Institute for Social and Economic Development, the authors analyze findings from the National Early Intervention Longitudinal Study and the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being. They provide information about the developmental status and early intervention service needs of children under age three who are substantiated for maltreatment. Topics include: 1) the extent to which maltreated children have developmental problems or are subject to factors associated with poor developmental outcomes; 2) the services maltreated children might be eligible for and ones they receive through the child welfare systems; 3) case characteristics, such as child welfare setting, that impact the effect of developmental services; and 4) existing barriers to services."

Did You Know Your Relationship Affects Your Health? (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

A tri-fold patient safety card which contains a checklist to assess safety, healthy/unhealthy relationships, and children's exposure to violence. The card also provides resources and information on how to get help.

Did You Know Your Relationship Affects Your Health? (Spanish) (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

A tri-fold patient safety card which contains a checklist to assess safety, healthy/unhealthy relationships, and children's exposure to violence. The card also provides resources and information on how to get help.

Domestic Violence Against Women and Girls (pdf)

added 09/30/2009

"UNICEF's report discusses the scope and magnitude of the problem, causes and consequences of domestic violence, the socio-economic costs of violence, strategies and interventions, and state obligations with regard to domestic violence."

Domestic Violence Against Women and Girls

added 06/11/2008
UNICEF, Innocenti Research Centre (May 2000)

"Highlights issues of abuse; femicide; forced prostitution; sexual abuse of children; sex-selective abortion, female infanticide and differential access to food and medical care; and, traditional and cultural practices that affect women's health and lives."

Domestic Violence Against Women in Albania (pdf)

added 09/30/2009

"This qualitative report examines the prevalence of domestic violence in Albania, including forms of domestic violence and complicating factors."

Domestic Violence and Child Welfare Services

added 05/09/2007
North Carolina Division of Social Services & The Family and Children's Resource Program

Statistics and links to helpful resources and information related to child welfare and domestic violence are provided in this document.

Domestic Violence and Children: A Children's Health Fund Report (pdf)

added 05/09/2007
Peter A. Sherman, MD, Division of Community Pediatrics The Children’s Hospital at Montefiore

The author discusses domestic violence as a pediatric issue highlighting the number of children exposed to domestic violence each year and the consequences of such exposure.

Domestic Violence and Children: Creating a Public Response (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Susan Schechter and Jeffrey L. Edleson

The authors of this paper address children's exposure to domestic violence as a factor in healthy development. Research findings suggest that children who witness domestic violence are often unnoticed and underserved by other agencies in the community. Principles serving as a guiding framework for policy and service are outlined, as well as recommendations for communities and governmental bodies to help children experiencing domestic violence.

Domestic Violence and Welfare Policy: Research Findings That Can Inform Policies on Marriage and Child Well-Being (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
Sharmila Lawrence

The author looks at domestic violence among women on welfare, the impact on children who are exposed to violence in the home, and methods to increase the stability of marriages.

Domestic Violence as a Form of Child Abuse: Identification and Prevention

added 04/30/2008
Marianne James

By looking at the ways child exposure to domestic violence manifests itself during the various stages of a child's life, the author documents ways to identify problems in exposed children and discusses specific intervention strategies.

Domestic violence laws in Australia (pdf)

added 11/11/2009

The report analyzes domestic violence legislation in all Australian States and Territories and in New Zealand in order to assist the Australian Government’s National Plan to Reduce Violence Against Women and their Children. The report notes gaps and overlaps between State and Territory domestic violence protection orders and the Family Law Act 1975.

Dual or Multiple Relationships: Guidelines for Rural Domestic Violence and Child Protection Collaborations (pdf)

added 12/15/2005
Ellie Breitmaier

This is part of a series that was created through a collaboration of the Vermont Network Against Domestic and Sexual Violence, the Vermont Department for Children and Families and the Vermont Center for Crime Victim Services. Part VI discusses actual and perceived conflicts of interest when service providers act in more than one role or relationship, providing recommendations on how to address these dilemmas/questions.

Effects of Domestic Violence on Children

added 05/09/2007
Binnie LeHew, Violence Prevention Coordinator

Binnie discusses the resulting behaviors and manifestations of child exposure to domestic violence, variables/demographics that impact the response, and patterns of abuse, with a focus on Iowa laws.

Effects of Domestic Violence on Children and Adolescents: An Overview

added 07/12/2004
Joseph S. Volpe, Ph.D., B.C.E.T.S.

The article examines the prevalence and domestic violence as a cause of traumatic stress in children.

Eliminating Violence against Children (pdf)

added 03/13/2009
Inter-Parliamentary Union and UNICEF

"Jointly produced by UNICEF and the Inter-Parliamentary Union, this handbook describes measures parliamentarians can take to end violence against children: they can legislate, oversee government activities, allocate financial resources and, as leaders in their nations and communities, raise awareness of issues."

Emerging issues in domestic/family violence research (pdf)

added 05/28/2010
Lorana Bartels

"This paper presents an overview of the key emerging issues in Australian domestic and family violence research in the context of gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender and intersex communities; the elderly; those with disabilities; people from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds; Indigenous communities; homelessness; the impact on children; and issues around perpetrator programs."

Emerging Responses to Children Exposed to Domestic Violence

added 07/07/2008
Jeffrey Edleson In consultation with Barbara Nissley

"This document reviews the new research, policies, and programs focused on children who have witnessed adult domestic violence. It argues that the diversity of children’s experiences requires equally diverse responses from those who serve them."

Other formats: pdf

Ending Violence Against Women

added 06/11/2008
Lori Heise, Mary Ellsberg and Megan Gottemoeller, Series L, Number 11, in Population Reports (December 1999)

"Highlights the 2 most prevalent types of abuse in the lives of women and girls around the world: intimate partner violence and rape. Demonstrates how world-wide gender-based violence is a major public health concern, suggesting strategies to respond."

Evaluation for Improvement: A Seven-step Empowerment Evaluation Approach for Violence Prevention Organizations (pdf)

added 03/27/2010

"This manual is designed to help violence prevention organizations hire an empowerment evaluator who will assist them in building their evaluation capacity through a learn-by-doing process of evaluating their own strategies. It is for state and local leaders and staff members of organizations, coalitions, government agencies, and/or partnerships working to prevent sexual violence, intimate partner violence, youth violence, suicide, and/or child maltreatment."

Evidence-Based Practices for Children Exposed to Violence: A Selection from Federal Databases (pdf)

added 06/14/2011

This document summarizes findings from federal reviews of research studies and program evaluations to help communities improve outcomes for children exposed to violence. It cites evidence-based practices that practitioners and policymakers can use to implement prevention services and activities for these children.

Fact Sheet: The Effects of Domestic Violence on Children (pdf)

added 08/11/2008
National Network to End Domestic Violence (Fall 2004)

"Addresses the impact of domestic violence on children and the likelihood that men who abuse their partners will also abuse their children. Lists statistics that reflect the most recent research concerning the effects of domestic violence on children."

Family Court Statistics: an overview of Family Court Statistics in New Zealand 2004 to 2008

added 06/08/2010

This bulletin analyzes, between 2004 and 2008, the four main areas that come under the jurisdiction of the Family Court in New Zealand, including family violence and child protection.

Family Violence: Open Directory Project

added 05/09/2007

This page is a comprehensive list of links to various organizations and websites that provide information and resources about children and domestic violence.

Farsi Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 06/30/2010

Farsi translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. It locates a range of abuses and abusers in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration.

Fourth National Incidence Study of Child Abuse and Neglect (NIS-4) (pdf)

added 03/07/2010

"The NIS is a congressionally mandated, periodic research effort to assess the incidence of child abuse and neglect in the United States. The NIS gathers information from multiple sources to estimate the number of children who are abused or neglected, providing information about the nature and severity of the maltreatment, the characteristics of the children, perpetrators, and families, and the extent of changes in the incidence or distribution of child maltreatment since the time of the last national incidence study."

Get the Facts - Domestic Violence and Children (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

Statistics and numbers are provided to give an idea of trends in the United States related to children and exposure to domestic violence.

Guidelines for Responding to the Co-occurrence of Child Maltreatment and Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 04/22/2002

The purpose of these Guidelines is to provide direction to child protection staff when responding to situations in which child maltreatment and domestic violence are both occurring.

Guiding Principles for Safe Havens: Supervised Visitation and Safe Exchange Grant Program (pdf)

added 12/13/2009

"This document was designed to guide the development and administration of Supervised Visitation Program centers with an eye toward addressing the needs of child(ren) and adult victims of domestic violence in visitation and exchange settings. The Guiding Principles look beyond the visitation setting to address how communities funded under the Supervised Visitation Program should address domestic violence in the larger community."

Healing the Invisible Wounds: Children's Exposure to Violence A Guide for Families (pdf)

added 08/14/2009

"This booklet helps parents and other caregivers understand the potential impact of exposure to violence on the development of their children, and provides practical suggestions for supporting the healing process."

Health Care Costs Associated with Violence in Pennsylvania (pdf)

added 08/11/2008
Health Services Research (August 2000)

"Reports the impact of violence in Pennsylvania including interpersonal violence (homicide, aggravated assault, rape) domestic violence (partner, child and elder abuse) and self-directed violence (suicide and attempted suicide)."

Healthy Development: A Summit on Children’s Mental Health (pdf)

added 06/14/2010

"This report was compiled from a 2009 Summit that brought together a comprehensive group of stakeholders in child and family mental health with the goal of promoting children’s mental health. The report addresses issues such as the prevalence of children’s mental health, gaps in service, current research and public perceptions of mental health, and provides recommendations."

Healthy Marriage and the Legacy of Child Maltreatment: A Child Welfare Perspective (pdf)

added 01/13/2009
Tiffany Conway and Rutledge Q. Hutson

"This brief explores how childhood experiences, specifically child maltreatment and involvement with the child welfare system, impact the potential for a healthy, lasting marriage. The author also offers recommendations for addressing the unique needs of couples in which one or both partners have experienced childhood maltreatment."

Helping Children Cope with Violence: A School-Based Program That Works (pdf)

added 10/26/2005
A RAND Corporation publication

Violence is one of our most significant public health issues. Children exposed to violence frequently develop post-traumatic stress symptoms. They are more likely to have behavioral problems, poorer school performance, more days of school absence, and feelings of depression and anxiety. School officials are often willing to provide help at school. But these professionals face an important question: What works? There have been no randomized controlled trials of intervention effectiveness with which to answer this question. To fill this gap, a team of clinician-researchers from several institutions collaborated to develop, implement, and evaluate an intervention designed to help children traumatized by violence. The team included professionals from the RAND Corporation, the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), and the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD).

Helping Children Exposed to Domestic Violence: Law Enforcement and Community Partnerships (pdf)

added 04/18/2002
Barbara E. Smith, Laura B. Nickles, Darlanne Hector Mulmat, and Heather J. Davies for the American Bar Association and Association of Governements

March 2001 report. Discusses law enforcement and community responses to children who have been exposed to domestic violence.

Helping to Prevent Child Abuse and Future Criminal Consequences: Hawaii's Healthy Start (pdf)

added 05/02/1996

Hawaii's Healthy Start program uses home visitors from the community to provide services to at-risk families and to specifically reduce family stress, improve family functioning and parenting skills, enhance child health and development, and prevent child abuse and neglect.

Helping Traumatized Children at School

added 04/16/2010
Kathleen Nader, D.S.W.

A paper that discusses school interventions for traumatized children. It provides some of the guidelines and resources for use when youth's traumas affect their ability to function at school.

Helping Traumatized Children: A Brief Overview for Caregivers (pdf)

added 04/06/2007
Bruce D. Perry

This article, designed largely with a child's caregiver in mind, addresses how to talk to children who have experienced trauma and what these experiences may have been like.

Helping Traumatized Children: Tips for Judges (pdf)

added 12/18/2009

"This fact sheet for judges and other court personnel outlines the impact of trauma on children's development, beliefs, and behaviors. It is designed to help professionals in the juvenile justice and family court system become more effective in addressing the unique needs and challenges of the traumatized children and adolescents they work with."

Helping Young Children Affected by Domestic Violence: The Role of Pediatric Health Settiings (pdf)

added 11/17/2004
Betsy McAlister Groves and Ken Fox

This paper is part of series of paper that addresses the way to mobilize community and programatic resources to provide responsive help to children and families affected both by domestic violence and poverty. This particular paper addresses importance of pediatric health care and mental health care in addressing domestic violence.

Homeless Shelters, Permanent/Supportive Housing, and Transitional Housing (pdf)

added 11/07/2012
Abigail H. Gewirtz

This issue brief offers homelessness services providers trauma-focused, evidence-based interventions that can be used to build the resilience and ensure the well-being of children and families exposed to violence.

How Are We Measuring Resilience Following Childhood Maltreatment? Is the Research Adequate and Consistent? What is the Impact on Research, Practice, and Policy? (pdf)

added 01/21/2010
Wendy A. Walsh, Jean Dawson, and Marybeth J. Mattingly

"The authors review the literature on resilience following childhood maltreatment and describe how variation in the measurement of outcomes at various developmental stages affects research findings, practice implications, and policy recommendations."

Identifying and Responding to Domestic Violence: Consensus Recommendations for Child and Adolescent Health

added 03/21/2003

The guidelines offered here provide specific recommendations for screening and responding to domestic violence in child health settings, which provide a unique and important opportunity to screen for domestic violence and to educate parents about the impact of such violence on children. These guidelines also speak to the need for child health providers to engage in, model, and take leadership in delivering effective primary prevention of domestic violence, as well as other types of family and community violence, by highlighting violence prevention during well child and other routine visits, as a component of routine anticipatory guidance.

If I'm "The Party", Where's the Cake?: The Need for Comprehensive Child-Witness Court Preparation Programs

added 01/08/2013
Joddie Walker

Court preparation is beneficial for the children required to testify in a courtroom. The purpose of a child-witness court preparation program is to assist the child witness in her or his ability to testify truthfully and effectively in a courtroom. This is important because children are required to testify about serious allegations that hold potentially significant outcomes for them or those accused. Having an unprepared child take the witness stand and offer poor testimony is not only regrettable, but preventable.

Immigration Reporting Laws: Ethical Dilemmas in Pediatric Practice (pdf)

added 09/25/2008
Paul L. Geltman, MD, MPH, and Alan F. Meyers, MD, MPH

"This study assessed the potential impact of immigration reporting requirements on pediatricians' referrals to child protective services. The study concluded that Pediatricians, as mandated reporters of child abuse, will face ethical dilemmas if laws requiring reporting of immigration status is enacted."

Implementing Evidence-Based Practice in Treatment Foster Care (pdf)

added 03/27/2009

The guide highlights valuable information, references, resources, and tools for implementing Evidence-based Practices (EBPs) in Treatment Foster Care (TFC) service settings. The Resource Guide identifies specific models, interventions, and tools that TFC providers can use to deliver effective services to the children, youth, and families in their care. It also provides “how-to” information to help TFC providers successfully implement desired EBPs in their programs.

In the Best Interest of Women and Children: A Call for Collaboration Between Child Welfare and Domestic Violence Constituencies

added 10/11/2005
Susan Schechter and Jeffrey L. Edleson, Ph.D.

This is a briefing paper prepared for a Wingspread Conference of a similar title. It discusses family violence, specifically against women and children, barriers to helping the victims, and the importance of collaboration to effect change.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Intergenerational Transmission of Partner Violence: A 20-Year Prospective Study (pdf)

added 08/20/2003
Miriam K. Ehrensaft and Patricia Cohen, Jocelyn Brown, Elizabeth Smailes, Henian Chen, and Jeffrey G. Johnson

An unselected sample of 543 children was followed over 20 years to test the independent effects of parenting, exposure to domestic violence between parents (ETDV), maltreatment, adolescent disruptive behavior disorders, and emerging adult substance abuse disorders (SUDs) on the risk of violence to and from an adult partner.

Interpersonal violence and alcohol (pdf)

added 03/27/2010

This report by the World Health Organization presents research on the relation between alcohol and violence. It suggests that alcohol is a situational determinant which increases the risk of most types of violence. Hazardous and harmful use of alcohol has also been shown to be an important consequence of experiencing or witnessing most forms of violence, but especially child maltreatment and intimate partner violence.

Intersection of Child Abuse and Children's Exposure to Domestic Violence

added 09/19/2008
Todd I. Herrenkohl, Cynthia Sousa, Emiko A. Tajima, Roy C. Herrenkohl, Carrie A. Moylan

"This review addresses research on the overlap in physical child abuse and domestic violence, the prediction of child outcomes, and resilience in children exposed to family violence."

Issue Brief: Addressing the Mental Health Impact of Violence and Trauma on Children (pdf)

added 12/12/2011

In addressing the mental health impact of violence and trauma on children, Luest looks into the question of "what is happening to our children" and responds with a well researched look into the experiences of children who are exposed to violence, their behavioral response, and how the system is currently failing them. She finishes with "next steps" for how policymakers, administration and government, communities and families can be more responsive to the needs of children.

Keeping Children Safe: OJJDP's Child Protection Division (pdf)

added 07/23/2001
Thomas Cullen, a Senior Writer-Editor with the Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse

8-page Bulletin posted by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). This Bulletin describes CPD and its efforts to safeguard children by supporting research and programs on child victimization and exposure to violence; providing information and training and technical assistance to State, local, and community-based agencies; and developing and demonstrating effective child protection initiatives. The Bulletin also discusses the rationale for OJJDP's work in the areas of missing and exploited children and child maltreatment and describes the scope of the division's activities.

Korean Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Korean translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Learning to Listen, Learning to Help: Understanding Woman Abuse and Its Effects on Children (pdf)

added 03/17/2005
Linda Baker & Alison Cunningham

A concise handbook for students and volunteers entering the helping professions, to prepare them to recognize and respond to families in which there is or was violence at home. Topics include background material on the dynamics of woman abuse, the concept of power and control, facts and figures, how to support women and help them find appropriate resources, how children are affected by violence, how children cope with violence at home, how to respond to child disclosure of abuse and neglect, standards of professional conduct, taking stock of your own attitudes, and suggestions for how you can make a difference to end violence.

Little eyes, little ears: How violence against a mother shapes children as they grow (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
Alison Cunningham & Linda Baker

This comprehensive 44 page document is divided by topics that cover facts and figures, types of abuse against women and children, ways a child can be impacted by domestic violence, myths about women and abuse, copin strategies, and responding and reporting, among others.

Making the Case for Preventing Child Abuse and Neglect: An Overview of Cost Effective Prevention Strategies (pdf)

added 04/01/2009

"This report from the FRIENDS National Resource Center for Community-Based Child Abuse Prevention provides and overview of a range of prevention strategies that have been found to have some evidence of being able to preventing child abuse and neglect. "

Mandatory Reporting of Child Abuse and Neglect: State Statutes and Professional Ethics (pdf)

added 06/03/2009
National District Attorneys Association

A comprehensive listing of state statutes on mandatory reporting of child abuse and neglect. Also included is a listing of reporting requirements and code of ethics for professionals in various fields.

Mental Health Services for Children Who Witness Domestic Violence

added 04/30/2008
Betsy McAlister Groves

This article discusses the growing body of empirical research that demonstrates that exposure to domestic violence deleteriously affects children's social, emotional, and cognitive development.

Other formats: pdf

Model Protocol for Advocates Working with Battered Women Involved in the Child Protection System

added 05/10/2005
Lupita Patterson

This protocol includes policy and practice recommendations for advocates who work with battered women involved in the child protection system.

Mothers and Children: Understanding the Links Between Woman Battering and Child Abuse

added 05/20/2000
Jeffrey L. Edleson, Ph.D.

This is a briefing paper for a strategic planning meeting on the Violence Against Women Act. "This paper focuses on an important gap in our current understandings of family violence: the link between woman battering and child abuse. It is surprising that after so many years of public attention it is only in recent years that a discussion of this link has begun to appear in the literature. At present, there is much more we need to know about the overlap between woman and child abuse."

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Multi-Agency Practice Guidelines: Handling Cases of Forced Marriage (pdf)

added 08/15/2009
United Kingdom's Forced Marriage Unit

"This report lists warning signs and appropriate actions for teachers and other school employees to take when they suspect a forced marriage of a child is imminent. The report also contains guidelines for police officers, health care professionals, and social workers, and provides general information on good practices when caring for victims of forced marriage."

National Advisory Committee on Violence Against Women, 2012 Final Report (pdf)

added 12/17/2012

The focus of this report was on learning more about solutions to protect children from the harmful consequences of experiencing and witnessing violence in the home. Developed and written by some of the leading experts in the field, this report provides recommendations for developing innovative and successful interventions with children and teens who witness or are victimized by domestic violence, dating violence and sexual assault.

National Center for Children Exposed to Violence

added 04/30/2008

It is the mission of the National Center for Children Exposed to Violence (NCCEV) to increase the capacity of individuals and communities to reduce the incidence and impact of violence on children and families; to train and support the professionals who provide intervention and treatment to children and families affected by violence; and, to increase professional and public awareness of the effects of violence on children, families, communities and society.

Not Enough: What TANF Offers Family Violence Victims (pdf)

added 03/31/2010
Timothy Casey, Jill Davies, Annika Gifford, and Anne Menard

Based on a national survey of service providers, this report is a comprehensive effort to understand when TANF successfully assists victims of family violence, and when the program falls short.

Online Victimization of Youth: Five Years Later (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Janis Wolak, Kimberly Mitchell, and David Finkelhor

"This second groundbreaking national survey of 1,500 youth aged 10 to 17 documented their use of the Internet and experiences while online including unwanted exposure to sexual solicitation, sexual material, and harassment. It was produced in cooperation with OJJDP and the University of New Hampshire’s Crimes against Children Research Center and includes recommendations to help make the Internet safer for children."

Parental Alienation Syndrome and Parental Alienation: Research Reviews (pdf)

added 06/14/2009
Joan S. Meier

This VAWnet document provides a historical and research overview of Parental Alienation Syndrome and Parental Alienation, identifies strategic issues for advocates working with victims, and offers guidelines to improve courts’ treatment of these issues.

Parenting in the Context of Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 08/06/2003
Jeffrey L. Edleson, Ph.D., Lyungai F. Mbilinyi, M.S.W., and Sudha Shetty, J.D.

This report describes children’s exposure to domestic violence, the needs of both parents and children in the context of domestic violence events, and the resources available to help them.

Patrick Stewart: the legacy of domestic violence

added 12/13/2009

In this article, the actor describes how he regularly saw his father hit his mother and how the horrors of his childhood experiences remained with him throughout his adult life.

Police in the Lives of Young Children Exposed to Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 11/17/2004
Miriam Berkman and Dean Esserman

This paper is part of series of paper that addresses the way to mobilize community and programatic resources to provide responsive help to children and families affected both by domestic violence and poverty. This particular paper explores the important roles the police officer can play in assisting children and families experiencing domestic violence.

Polyvictimization in Developmental Context (pdf)

added 01/18/2012
Finkelhor, D., Shattuck, A., Turner, H., Ormrod, R., Hamby, S.L., 2011

This article provides an analysis of data on child victimization from a large national survey using the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire. The purpose of the study was to assess the prevelence of polyvictimization (i.e., exposure to multiple forms of victimization) in youth from 4 different developmental cohorts.

Preventing violence and reducing its impact: How development agencies can help (pdf)

added 09/09/2009

This document makes the case for increased attention on the impact of violence on development by international development agencies. A key aim is to stimulate dialogue on the role of international development agencies in the prevention of violence globally, and ultimately to increase investment in a commonly agreed set of applied violence prevention strategies. The primary audience for this document is policy-makers, high-level planners, and others in the international development field.

Problems Associated with Children's Witnessing of Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 10/11/2005
Jeffrey L. Edleson, Ph.D. for VAWnet

This document discusses children's problems associated with witnessing violence and the factors that influence the degree of those problems. The author also offers a critique of the research methods used to study child witnessing of violence and explores the policy implications of the data on this issue.

Prosecutors, Kids, and Domestic Violence Cases (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
Debra Whitcomb

"This article describes some of the issues prosecutors should be aware of when they handle domestic violence cases involving children, especially in light of recent legislation aiming to protect children."

Prostitution of Children and Child-Sex Tourism: An Analysis of Domestic and International Responses (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Eva J. Klain, JD, of the American Bar Association Center on Children and the Law

"This paper addresses both domestic and international responses to the prostitution of children within the United States and abroad. The author highlights policy and practice issues regarding the legal system and social-service responses to prostituted children."

Protecting Children from Exposure to Domestic Violence: The Use and Abuse of Child Maltreatment Statutes

added 05/09/2007
Lois A. Weithorn, J.D., Ph.D.

This 145 page article is a comprehensive review and critical discussion about the laws and child protection responses that have shown to be effective.

Protecting Children in Cyberspace: The ICAC Task Force Program (pdf)

added 04/22/2002
Medaris,M., and Girouard, C.

January 2002 Bulletin. Discusses efforts by OJJDP's Internet Crimes Against Children (ICAC) Task Force Program that address emerging online threats, such as computer-facilitated sex crimes, directed at children and teenagers. The ICAC Task Force Program helps State and local law enforcement agencies develop effective responses to online enticement and child pornography offenses. Responses include investigative, forensic, community education, and victim service components. The information in this OJJDP Bulletin is intended to help parents, policymakers, and practitioners create an Internet environment in which children can participate safely.

Psychological Abuse: A Discussion Paper (pdf)

added 05/27/2009
Deborah Doherty and Dorothy Berglund

"This paper is a review of research on psychological abuse in interpersonal and family relationships including in settings such as long-term care residences.The paper presents research findings on the personal, economic and health related costs of psychological abuse to the individual and to society, and briefly outlines legal recourses for victims. It concludes by exploring ways to recognize and address psychological abuse, while emphasizing the importance of developing holistic approaches "

Realizing the Promise of Home Visitation: Addressing Domestic Violence and Child Maltreatment (pdf)

added 03/07/2010

"This guide is intended to help policy makers and advocates build a strong national policy framework to maximize the effectiveness and reach of early childhood home visiting programs. It is intended to ensure that federal home visiting policies directly address: the needs of mothers and children who are experiencing or at risk of experiencing domestic violence, the link between domestic violence and child abuse and neglect, and the impact of domestic violence on the health and well-being of children and families."

Reflections from the Field: Considerations for Domestic Violence Specialists (pdf)

added 08/04/2008
Shellie Taggart and Lauren Litton

"Domestic violence and child protection professionals from multiple states came together to discuss the complexity of systems-change work and the continued need for a social justice framework to guide these efforts. This document is a compilation of their stories and insights as people who have worked as or supported domestic violence specialists dedicated to helping families experiencing the co-occurrence of domestic violence and child maltreatment."

Relationship of Childhood Abuse and Household Dysfunction to Many of the Leading Causes of Death in Adults: The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study (pdf)

added 08/23/2011
Vincent J. Felitti, et al.

This article seeks to gain more of an understanding of the relationship between health risk behavior and disease in adulthood and the breadth of exposure to childhood emotional, physical, or sexual abuse, and household dysfunction during childhood. They conclude that a strong relationship does exist and that adverse childhood exposure can lead to multiple risk factors for several of the leading causes of death in adults.

Report of the Attorney General’s National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence (pdf)

added 12/12/2012

The task force report includes 56 recommendations and highlights the importance of identifying children who are victims or witnesses of violence and providing support and services to help them heal. It focuses on developing programs to help children access supportive and non-violent relationships with trusted adults in their homes and communities. The task force also calls for all children who enter the juvenile justice system to be screened for exposure to violence.

Research Indicating that the Majority of Cases that go to Court as "High Conflict" Contested Custody Cases Have a History of Domestic Violence

added 01/07/2009
Compiled by Professor Joan S. Meier, Esq.

This document, comprised of research from many leading experts in the field of domestic violence, lays out the case that the majority of high conflict child custody disputes have a history of domestic violence.

Research Summary: Children Exposed to Violence

added 09/07/2012
Victoria Youcha

A short summary of research on child exposure to violence from the National Center for Infants, Toddlers and Families. Also includes a summary of the benefits of early intervention in the lives of children who have experienced or witnessed violence.

Responding to childhood trauma: The promise and practice of trauma informed care (pdf)

added 04/02/2012
Gordon R. Hodas MD

This paper provides an in-depth examination of how trauma affects child development. It hopes to increase appreciation of the relevance of trauma in understanding children and in planning to meet their needs. Focus is given to risk and protective factors, the psychological effects of trauma, the main tenets of trauma informed care, and strengths-based approaches that promote resilience.

Responding to the Co-occurrence of Child Maltreatment and Adult Domestic Violence in Hennepin County

added 10/26/2005
Jeffrey L. Edleson, Ph.D. Sandra K. Beeman, Ph.D.M, University of Minnesota

In this report, Drs. Edleson and Beeman and their research assistants detail information collected from a variety of sources during the first half of 1999. Information collection included detailed reporting by child protection screeners and investigators in the Hennepin County Department of Children and Family Services (HCDCFS), consulting with national experts in this area, reviewing published materials on prominent demonstration projects from around the United States and Canada, and holding a series of stakeholder meetings throughout Hennepin County.

Other formats: word

Safe & Together

added 05/27/2009
David Mandel & Associates, LLC

A blog developed by David Mandel & Associates, LLC in which they will be exploring the ideas underpinning the Safe and Together model. The model provides a practical and concrete approach to improving the response of child welfare to the risk and safety concerns presented by batterers. They will be providing practical tips and ideas for policy and practice. All are welcome to participate in the discussion.

Safe From the Start: Taking Action on Children Exposed to Violence

added 01/17/2001

This article, conceived from the National Summit on Children Exposed to Violence, presents an action plan that outlines principles for preventing and reducing the negative impact of children's exposure to violence.

Safe Start Center

added 10/22/2010

The Safe Start Center is a website compiling research, resources, service delivery strategies and more for The Safe Start Initiative which is funded by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. The goal of the Safe Start Initiative is to broaden the knowledge of and promote community investment in evidence-based strategies for reducing the impact of children's exposure to violence.

Safe Start Promising Approaches Communities: Working Together to Help Children Exposed to Violence (pdf)

added 11/04/2009

Launched by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention(OJJDP) and its Federal partners in the Department of Justice and the Department of Health and Human Services, the initiative is designed as a national framework which seeks to address the needs of children exposed to violence. This booklet describes each of the 15 Safe Start Promising Approaches communities and outlines how these programs are integrating evidence-based or promising practices as well as other complementary interventions within their geographical, agency, and community contexts.

Security Begins at Home (pdf)

added 02/25/2009

The Kosova Women’s Network released the country’s first study on domestic violence, called Security Begins at Home. The report highlights key points such as: what the citizens of Kosovo perceive as domestic violence, the forms and consequences of domestic violence, citizens' response to ending it, and the legal and institutional gaps in addressing it.

Sharwline Nicholson v. Nicholas Scoppetta - Appeals Decision

added 04/30/2008

This document outlines the Appeals decision regarding the case of Nicholson (filed as a class action in federal court in 2001). This history of this decision is based on the class action lawsuit in which battered mothers and their children in New York City successfully challenged the City child welfare agency's practice and policy of removing children from battered mothers and charging the mothers with child neglect due to domestic violence. The federal court ruled that the practice is unconstitutional under federal law. The case went up on appeal.

Shattered Hearts: The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of American Indian Women and Girls in Minnesota (pdf)

added 10/18/2009

A groundbreaking report released by the Minnesota Indian Women’s Resource Center (MIWRC) highlights the alarming and pervasive sex trafficking of American Indian women and girls in Minnesota. The first comprehensive report of its kind, it highlights risk factors for victims that include poverty, a disproportionate number of American Indian homeless, high incidences of overall sexual assault, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and pervasive multi-generational trauma.

Should Childhood Exposure to Adult Domestic Violence Be Defined as Child Maltreatment Under the Law?

added 10/11/2005

Published as a chapter in Protecting Children From Domestic Violence: Strategies for Community Intervention (2004), this article reviews the research on childhood exposure to domestic violence and emerging laws aimed at protecting these children. The author concludes with an argument against assuming that childhood exposure to violence is automatically a form of child maltreatment and suggests the need to modify child protection services and the expansion of primarily voluntary community-based responses to these children and their families.

Other formats: word

Silent Realities: Supporting Young Children and Their Families Who Experience Violence (pdf)

added 12/10/2004
Elena Cohen and Barbara Walthall

This guide describes the effects of trauma on young children and suggests strategies for helping victims and witnesses of community and domestic violence to heal. Based on concepts presented by experts attending an institute held during a National Head Start Association training conference in April 2000, the discussion emphasizes the importance of encouraging children and adults to express their fears.

Social Worker's Practice Guide to Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 07/06/2010

A guide created by the Department of Social and Health Services, for social workers working with domestic violence issues in the state of Washington. Includes information on how social workers should work with victims and perpetrators, child assessment of exposure to violence, as well as legal and policy issues in the state.

Supervised Visitation: Information for Mothers Who Have Been Abused (pdf)

added 07/25/2007

"This Guide should be given directly to mothers who have experienced abuse and whose children are in supervised visitation programs. It will tell mothers basic information about how supervised visitation programs work and how she can prepare herself and her children for the experience. If she is afraid of her children’s father or was abused by him, then the information in this Guide will be particularly helpful to her."

Supporting Battered Mothers Protects Children: Reducing the Effects of Domestic Violence on Children (pdf)

added 05/03/2011

This report was created in response to a request from the Chairman of the Missouri Children’s Services Commission, Representative Jeff Grisamore. It contains the latest research on the prevalence of child exposure to domestic violence and best practices in addressing this violence. The report also includes recommendations on how the state of Missouri can better meet the needs of children and mothers experiencing violence.

Tackling Domestic Violence: Providing Support for Children Who Have Witnessed Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
Audrey Mullender

"This report provides good practice recommendations and suggestions for a range of practitioners and professionals who have a role in commissioning, developing, or delivering initiatives to support children who have in the past or are currently witenssing domestic violence."

Tagalog Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Tagalog translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Team Decisionmaking and Domestic Violence: An Advanced Training for TDM Facilitators and Child Protection Supervisors (pdf)

added 03/31/2010

"This free advanced domestic violence curriculum outlines safely preparing for and managing effective meetings, engaging parents around domestic violence issues, assessing the impact of children’s exposure to domestic violence, and making decisions and plans to increase safety for children and battered mothers."

Technology Safety & Advocacy Special Collection

added 03/03/2010

This special collection includes a categorized and annotated listing of selected articles, fact sheets, papers, reports and other materials regarding the use of technology as it impacts and intersects with violence against women and children. It is offered as an additional tool to assist advocates working on and interested in the safe use of technology.

The Canadian Child Welfare Response to Cases of Exposure to Domestic Violence: Analysis of the 2003 Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
Tara Black, Nico Trocme, Barbara Fallon, and Bruce MacLaurin

This is a Canadian study, the objective of which was to examine the child welfare system’s response to child maltreatment investigations substantiated for exposure to domestic violence (EDV). The study is based on a secondary analysis of data collected in the 2003 Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect.

The Canadian Child Welfare Response to Cases of Exposure to Domestic Violence: Analysis of the 2003 Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (Cis-2003)

added 04/30/2008
Tara Black, Nico Trocme, Barbara Fallon, and Bruce MacLaurin

This document displays the results of a comparative overview of the child welfare response within Canadian boundaries to child exposure to domestic violence. Implications for policy are discussed.

The Effects of Childhood Stress on Health Across the Lifespan

added 06/11/2008
Jennifer S. Middlebrooks, MSW, MPH and Natalie C. Audage, MPH for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (2008)

"This document summarizes the available research on childhood stress and its long-term consequences. Of particular interest is the stress caused by child abuse, neglect, and repeated exposure to intimate partner violence."

The Epidemiology of Trauma and Trauma-Related Disorders in Children and Youth (pdf)

added 01/13/2009
John A. Fairbank, PhD

"This publication reviews general population studies, disaster research, child maltreatment studies, and special population studies that report the prevalence of PTSD in children, adolescents, and young adults. It includes a brief discussion of the cumulative adverse effects of traumatic stress experienced from infancy through adolescence."

THE EXPOSURE OF YOUTH TO UNWANTED SEXUAL MATERIAL ON THE INTERNET A National Survey of Risk, Impact, and Prevention (pdf)

added 01/07/2009
KIMBERLY J. MITCHELL, DAVID FINKELHOR, JANIS WOLAK

"This national survey of youth, ages 10 to 17, and their caretakers has several implications for the current debate about young people and Internet pornography. Twenty five percent of youth had unwanted exposure to sexual pictures on the Internet in the past year, challenging the prevalent assumption that the problem is primarily about young people motivated to actively seek out pornography. Most youth had no negative reactions to their unwanted exposure, but one quarter said they were very or extremely upset, suggesting a priority need for more research on and interventions directed toward such negative effects. The authors urge that social scientific research be undertaken to inform this highly contentious public policy controversy."

The Facts on Health Care & Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 08/11/2008

"Statistics on domestic violence incidents highlighting health consequences to the victim, children's health issues, hospital and other health service costs, identification and screening practices in health care settings, and domestic violence during and after pregnancy."

The Greenbook Initiative Final Evaluation Report (pdf)

added 07/02/2008
The Greenbook National Evaluation Team

"The Greenbook national evaluation results are presented in three reports. The Greenbook Demonstration Initiative: Process Evaluation Report: Phase 1 focused on the planning and goal setting phase of the Greenbook initiative in the sites. This final evaluation report assesses the extent to which the Greenbook implementation activities facilitated cross-system and within system change and practice in the child welfare agencies, dependency courts, and domestic violence service providers."

The Impact of Conflict on Women and Girls in West and Central Africa and the UNICEF response (pdf)

added 03/13/2009

"This first-of-its-kind study by UNICEF on the situation of war-affected girls and women in the region highlights innovative programmes being implemented with partners to address the impact of conflict, and recommends how UNICEF can more proactively champion the rights of girls - particularly adolescent girls."

The Normalization of Sexual Harm and the Sexualization of Children (pdf)

added 10/19/2011
Minnesota Department of Health

Information about the detrimental effects that our cultures sexual media is having on our young people. Child sexualization and the normalization of sexual violence are the two main topics covered.

The prevalence of child abuse and neglect

added 05/28/2010
Rhys Price-Robertson, Leah Bromfield and Suzanne Vassallo

"A resource sheet that summarizes the current knowledge about the prevalence of child abuse and neglect in Australia. It provides an overview of Australian studies that have estimated the prevalence of the different forms of child maltreatment."

The Relationship Between Domestic Violence and Child Abuse (pdf)

added 08/11/2008
Prevent Child Abuse America (September 1996)

"Cites surveys and reports published between 1987 and 1996, briefly describing: what is domestic violence; what is child abuse; how does domestic violence affect children; and similarities/correlations between domestic violence and/or child abuse."

The Role of Educators in Preventing and Responding to Child Abuse and Neglect (pdf)

added 02/01/2005
Cynthia Crosson-Tower

This manual, designed to examine the roles that teachers, school counselors, school social workers, school nurses, special education professionals, administrators, and other school personnel have in helping maltreated children, provides the basis for the involvement of educators in combating the problem of child abuse and neglect. It also may be used by other professionals involved in child abuse and neglect interventions, such as child protective services, mental health, law enforcement, health care, and early childhood professionals, to gain a better understanding of the role of educators in child protection.

The Safe Start Center Series on Children Exposed to Violence: Pediatric Care Settings (pdf)

added 11/04/2009
Betsy McAlister Groves, LICSW, and Marilyn Augustyn, MD

This issue brief translates emerging research and program practice into action steps for practitioners in pediatric care settings to design and implement programs that meet the needs of children who are exposed to violence.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Manual on the preparation, filing and processing of applications pursuant to the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA). Also includes detailed information on Special Immigrant Juvenile Status for Children Under Juvenile Court Jurisdiction, and U and T Non-Immigrant Visas (Victims of Crime and Trafficking). A good resource for advocates and legal professionals working with these victims.
This document takes some time to download, especially with a slow connection.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 1-100 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 101-200 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 301-380 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

Trauma Informed Care Resources for Children Exposed to Violence

added 05/12/2011

Exposure to violence at home, in the form of child abuse and neglect, or in the community, whether at school or in the neighborhood, can affect young people in profound ways. This resource provides information on children's exposure to violence for parents and other caregivers, as well as for teachers and other agencies and staff who may work with these youth. Information includes warning signs of exposure to violence and what you can do to intervene.

Trauma-Informed Care for Children Exposed to Violence: Tips for Domestic Violence and Homeless Shelters (pdf)

added 11/07/2012
Safe Start Center

Families living in domestic violence or homeless shelters are more likely to be exposed to violence and other traumatic stressors. Each child and situation is different, but exposure to these traumatic stressors—including violence—can overwhelm children at any age and lead to problems in their daily lives. This tip sheet includes warning signs of exposure to violence as well as what staff can do, including referrals and support.

Trauma-Informed Care for Children Exposed to Violence:Tips for Parents and Other Caregivers (pdf)

added 10/18/2011
the Safe Start Center

Fact sheet like break down of warning signs that a child has been exposed to violence depending on age, and what you can do to help.

Trends in Youth Internet Victimization: Findings From Three Youth Internet Safety Surveys 2000 –2010 (pdf)

added 11/14/2012

The purpose of this research was to explore the trends in youth reports of unwanted online sexual solicitation, harassment, and exposure to pornography over time. The study was based on three separate cross-sectional national telephone surveys of approximately 1,500 youth Internet users, aged 10 through 17 years. Data were collected in 2000, 2005, and 2010. Trends are showing that unwanted sexual solicitations and unwanted exposure to pornography are decreasing for youth.

UN study on Violence Against Children

added 03/13/2009

"A press release on a new effort to provide a detailed global picture of the nature, extent and causes of violence against children, and propose clear recommendations for action to prevent and reduce such violence. The study focuses on violence against children in five settings: the home and family, schools and educational settings, other institutional settings (orphanages, children in conflict with the law), the community and on the streets, and work situations. "

Understanding Children’s Exposure to Violence (pdf)

added 11/04/2009
Elena Cohen, Betsy McAlister Groves, and Kristen Kracke

The Safe Start Center has developed a series of briefs on Children Exposed to Violence. The briefs are developed to respond to an urgent need to translate research-based information and disseminate it to practitioners who can use it in their work with children and families in different settings. This particular brief describes core concepts—gleaned from research and program practice—used in designing and implementing programs that address children’s exposure to violence.

Understanding the Current Mental Health Needs of Children Experiencing Domestic Violence in Vermont: Recommendations for Enhancing and Improving Responses (pdf)

added 12/15/2005
Kathleen J. Moroz, Ellie Breitmaier and Amy Torchia

This is currently the final publication in the series created through a collaboration of the Vermont Network Against Domestic and Sexual Violence, the Vermont Department for Children and Families and the Vermont Center for Crime Victim Services. Part VII reports on findings from a study investigating the number of children/youth in Vermont exposed to domestic violence, the effects of this exposure on their social/emotional development and mental health, services provided by domestic violence network and mental health programs, perceived barriers to providing these services, the training needs of service providers in Vermont and both strengths and gaps in the continuum of services for these children/youth.

Vermont's Model Protocol: Law Enforcement Response to Children at the Scene of a Domestic Violence Incident (pdf)

added 03/12/2010
The Vermont Network Against Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault, Vermont Social and Rehabilitative Services, and Vermont Criminal Justice Training Council

"The intent of this protocol is to assist law enforcement officers in their response to children at the scene of domestic violence incidents. In addition, the protocol outlines an effective response which includes: assessing whether children have been physically harmed, minimizing the impact and repercussions to children who are present, empowering children as much as possible in the process, maintaining victim safety, and maintaining batterer accountability."

Vietnamese Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 06/29/2010

Vietnamese translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence.

Violence in the Lives of Children (pdf)

added 04/01/2009
Brett V. Brown, Ph.D, and Sharon Bzostek, Child Trends

"This data brief from Child Trends reviews data on the types of violence experienced by U.S. children, including exposure to violence through media to abuse by parents and peers. Differences by age, gender, and race/ethnicity are discussed along with priorities for filling gaps in the data that is available on this topic."

Vision for services for children and young people affected by domestic violence (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
LGA, ADSS, Women's Aid, and CAFCASS

Vision for services for children and young people affected by domestic violence offers a pathway for services for children experiencing domestic violence. This guidance offers a template which directors of children's services, cabinet members with lead responsibility for children and their local safeguarding children's boards, working with domestic violence partnerships can use to incorporate the needs of children experiencing domestic violence in planning children's services.

Viva Voce: A National Newsletter About Child Victims and Witnesses (pdf)

added 01/04/2001

Winter 1999 newsletter. A review of the impact that child testifying in court has on children in included.

What About Me? Coping with the abduction of a brother or sister (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

"This booklet is based largely on input from eight children who have experienced the abduction of a brother or sister by a nonfamily member. It is designed to provide help, support, and guidance to children who are going through this type of trauma. "

What About Me? Seeking to Understand the Child's View of Violence in the Family (pdf)

added 09/21/2004
Alison Cunningham and Linda Baker

This study was funded by the National Crime Prevention Strategy in Ottawa. It involves an exhaustive review of the literature on child exposure to domestic violence (almost 400 sources) integrated with extensive clinical experience to create a revolutionary new framework for understanding, studying and intervening with children who have lived with woman abuse. Case studies illustrate key points and child drawings bring to life the experience of violence through young eyes.

Other formats: html

What Is Trauma and Why Is It Important? (pdf)

added 04/07/2010

This is the first issue in a series focusing on trauma and child welfare systems. This issue defines trauma and describes its significance. Successive issues will highlight childhood trauma in the context of culture and identify ways in which child welfare systems can best respond to children.

When Battered Women Stay... Advocacy Beyond Leaving

added 06/18/2008
Jill Davies

"This paper raises the key issues, questions, and dilemmas regarding advocacy with battered women who stay in their relationships. It discusses the limitations of safety strategies for leaving, and frames the issues central to the expansion of advocacy beyond leaving, including: 1) safety planning and advocacy with victims who stay; 2) ending violent and controlling behavior; and 3) knowing what children need to be OK."

When Children Experience Domestic Violence: Expert Opinion

added 04/30/2008
National Coalition for Child Protection Reform

This document includes a summary of a ruling made by a New York Judge to stop removing children from battered women because children of such women are exposed to domestic violence.

Widening Our Lens (pdf)

added 06/25/2010

"This brochure presents a comprehensive strategy to address the impact of child maltreatment, interpersonal, and family violence on youth."

Witnessing Domestic Violence: The Effect on Children

added 04/30/2008
Melissa M. Stiles, M.D.

The author discusses the conequences of child exposure to domestic violence across various ages, as well as prevention and screening techniques. Community advocacy is emphasized.

Witnessing Violence Fact Sheet

added 04/30/2008
Joanne Davis, Ph.D. & Ernestine Briggs, Ph.D

The authors discuss the types of violence that children witness, prevlance rates, correlates, and future directions for research.

Working with Children Towards a Healthy & Non-Violent Future

added 06/11/2008

"This Special Collection provides a unique perspective on working with children (younger than 13 years of age), focusing on theories and strategies for raising respectful, non-violent people. Resources included here discuss child development and how to utilize this knowledge when implementing primary prevention strategies that foster healthy attitudes and behaviors"

Working with Young Children and Their Families: Recommendations for Domestic Violence Agencies and Batterer Intervention Programs (pdf)

added 11/17/2004
Abigail Gewirtz and Resma Menakem

This paper is part of series of papers that addresses the way to mobilize community and programatic resources to provide responsive help to children and families affected both by domestic violence and poverty. This particular paper addresses the way to offer support and safety for children while maintaining safety, autonomy and choide for battered women.

Young Children Living with Domestic Violence: The Role of Early Childhood Programs (pdf)

added 11/17/2004
Elena Cohen and Jane Knitzer

This paper is part of series of paper that addresses the way to mobilize community and programatic resources to provide responsive help to children and families affected both by domestic violence and poverty. This particular paper highlights the rold of early childhood programs in supporting staff, community and state programs on behalf of the children and families affected by domestic violence.

Young Children's Exposure to Adult Domestic Violence: Toward a Developmental Risk and Resilience Framework for Research and Intervention (pdf)

added 11/17/2004
Abigail Gewirtz and Jeffrey L. Edleson

This paper is part of series of paper that addresses the way to mobilize community and programatic resources to provide responsive help to children and families affected both by domestic violence and poverty. This particular paper addresses impacts of adult domestic violence to young children through developmental risk and resiliency.


Child sexual abuse

A Struggle for Justice: Incest Victims in Pakistan (pdf)

added 01/30/2012
Equality Now, WAR Lahore, Nasreen Welfare Trust Legal Aid Services

This report highlights the difficulties women and girls are faced with in accessing justice in cases of sexual violence, particularly incest. Included in this report are a survey of incest cases in Pakistan, a summary of published legal opinions in incest cases, identification of obstacles to justice and a compilation of good practice examples from other countries that have addressed similar obstacles. The authors hope this report will be used as a guide towards making the Pakistani judicial system more supportive of future victims which will have a deterrent effect on perpetrators.

Abuse of Children by Priests in the Boston Archdiocese: Violations of Applicable Standards of Care

added 09/19/2006

This article outlines the history of child abuse by priests in a local diocese and outlines the consequences/outcomes from several fundamental cases. Ethical considerations and standards of care are also addressed.

Boys will be Boys: Understanding the Impact of Child Maltreatment and Family Violence on the Sexual, Reproductive, and Parenting Behaviors of Young Men (pdf)

added 06/25/2010
Abby Kahn and Pat Paluzzi, Healthy Teen Network

A paper on the impact of physical, sexual, and psychological abuse, and exposure to family violence on the sexual, reproductive, and parenting behaviors of young men.

Case by case: news coverage of child sexual abuse

added 02/02/2012
Dorfmann, Lori ; Mejia, Pamela ; Cheyne, Andrew ; Gonzalez, Priscilla .

To understand how child sexual abuse is covered in the media, the researchers selected a representative sample of U.S. news over a span of three years, then coded the content in detail. Results on the content, language, how the act was characterized, who's voices are presented, etc. are all presented. The conclusion includes recommendations for advocates and reporters.

Child abuse, child pornography and the internet (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
John Carr

This report seeks to determine to what extent the internet facilitates sexually abusive behavior in individuals. The report also discusses the role that child pornography can play in stimulating individuals with sexual interest in children to go on committing real life offences against children. The author concludes by proposing ways to increase protection for children using the internet and reduce the amount of child pornography being posted on the internet.

Child Abuse: Statistics, Research, and Resources

added 01/19/2000
Jim Hopper, Ph.D. at the Boston University School of Medicine

Gives historical contexts, sources of statistics, and statistical tools. Also includes official statistics on child abuse for the United States, Canada, Australia, and England. Discusses the prevalance of the sexual abuse of boys and the effects of child abuse, and gives resources for parents and caregivers.

Child and Family Service Review Outcomes: Strategies to Improve Domestic Violence Responses in CFSR Program Improvement Plans (pdf)

added 11/15/2009
Shellie Taggart

"Child and Family Service Reviews (CFSRs) evaluate public child welfare systems to determine how well they achieve safety, permanency, and well-being in difficult situations of neglect, physical and sexual abuse, and co-existing domestic violence, substance abuse, mental health issues, poverty, and community violence. This guide can help stakeholders develop effective (Program Improvement Plans) PIPs for achieving safety, permanency, and well-being in domestic violence cases, and to identify or anticipate related technical assistance needs."

Child Pornography: Findings From the National Incident-Based Reporting System (pdf)

added 01/17/2005
Finkelhor, D., Ormrod, R.

This document presents findings from the FBI’s National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS). By collecting data on pornography/obscene material offenses from law enforcement jurisdictions, NIBRS enables researchers to draw conclusions about the number, locations, and characteristics of these crimes. NIBRS data suggest that approximately 2,900 crime incidents of pornography with juvenile involvement were known to state and local police in 2000; these offenses most often were committed by a lone adult male offender, occurred in a residence, and did not involve a computer. Currently, NIBRS data represent about 14 percent of the population. As more jurisdictions support uniform reporting of accurate data to NIBRS and as its codes become more refined, NIBRS will become even more useful in identifying and tracking trends in child pornography.

Child Protection Information Sheets (pdf)

added 03/18/2009

"This booklet comprises 14 information sheets which highlight how child protection is crucial to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. Covering different forms of abuse, these sheets also outline how to build a protective environment for children and what UNICEF is doing on the ground to protect children."

Child sexual abuse and subsequent offending and victimization: A 45 year follow-up study

added 09/19/2012
James RP Ogloff, Margaret C Cutajar, Emily Mann and Paul Mullen

This study investigates whether a disproportionate number of Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) victims subsequently perpetrate offences and experience future victimisation compared with people who have not been sexually abused. In a sample of 2,759 CSA victims who were abused between 1964 and 1995, it was found CSA victims were almost five times more likely than the general population to be charged with any offence than their non-abused counterparts, with strongest associations found for sexual and violent offences. This research highlights the need for therapeutic interventions targeted at adolescent male CSA victims, particularly with regard to offender treatment programs, where many programs currently do not allow for exploration of offenders’ own sexual victimisation.

Child Sexual Abuse and Subsequent Psychopathology: Results From the National Comorbidity Survey (pdf)

added 08/19/2008
Beth E. Molnar, ScD, Stephen L. Buka, ScD, and Ronald C. Kessler, PhD

"This study examines the relationship between child sexual abuse (CSA) and subsequent onset of psychiatric disorders, accounting for other childhood adversities, CSA type, and chronicity of the abuse."

Child Sexual Abuse Explained (for concerned parents)

added 08/13/2010

Full overview of the aspects of child sexual abuse including rape, molestation, child pornography. Describes the preferential and situational offender and who they target. Available online or in print in English, Irish, German, French, Spanish, Portuguese and Hebrew. Free: Name and address info@abusewatch.net

Child Sexual Abuse: Coping with the Emotional Stress of the Legal System (pdf)

added 08/03/2009

This professionally designed fact sheet for parents and caregivers of child sexual abuse survivors provides a unique perspective on coping with the emotional stresses of the legal system, and was created by legal, mental health, and medical professionals for NCTSN's website. It helps explain the different purposes of civil and criminal child sexual abuse cases. It also identifies common fears and coping solutions, and takes the family step by step through before, during and after a child sexual abuse case goes to court.

Child Sexual Abuse: Child Survivors, Mothers, and Perpetrators Tell Their Stories (pdf)

added 01/14/2009
Jane Gilgun, Ph.D., LICSW and Alankaar Sharma, MSW

This book is full of hard-to-find information about child sexual abuse and is based on interviews with children, mothers, and perpetrators. Through these interviews, questions many people have surrounding this issue are answered. This book reveals how our culture gangs up on child victims to the benefit of perpetrators.

Child Trafficking for Sexual Purposes Report (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

End Child Prostitution, Child Pornography and Trafficking of Children for Sexual Purposes (ECPAT International) released a report in November 2008 on the global problem of child sex trafficking. The report sums up progress countries have made since passing laws to combat child sex trafficking. Finally, the report highlights key lessons learned and discusses six recommendations to improve strategies and policies.

Child-Pornography Possessors Arrested in Internet-Related Crimes: Findings From the National Juvenile Online Victimization Study (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Janis Wolak ; David Finkelhor ; Kimberly J. Mitchell

"This report presents findings from the National Juvenile Online Victimization (N-JOV) Study describing arrests and characteristics of offenses and offenders for Internet-related sex crimes committed against minors."

Childhood Sex Abuse Increases Risk for Drug Dependence in Adult Women

added 07/31/2008
Patrick Zickler, The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) (April 2002)

"The article briefly discusses the data results gathered from interviews of women revealing that those who experienced any type of sexual abuse in their childhood were roughly three times more likely than unabused girls to report drug dependence as adults."

Children with Sexual Behavior Problems: Common Misconceptions vs. Current Findings (pdf)

added 07/07/2008

"This fact sheet provides information about children who demonstrate developmentally inappropriate or aggressive sexual behavior. It addresses some common myths about this population and provides findings from research on the issue."

Children’s and Adolescents’ Participation and Protection from Sexual Abuse and Exploitation (pdf)

added 06/08/2010
Clare Feinstein and Claire O’Kane

"A paper reviewing government commitments to strengthen participation by children and adolescents to protect them from sexual abuse and exploitation. The paper provides recommendations for further research, policy development, and programming to support advocacy and practice with and by children and adolescents. "

Chinese Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Chinese translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Conceptualizing Juvenile Prostitution as Child Maltreatment: Findings from the National Juvenile Prostitution Study (pdf)

added 08/11/2010
Kimberly J. Mitchell, David Finkelhor and Janis Wolak

"Two studies were conducted to identify the incidence (Study 1) and characteristics (Study 2) of juvenile prostitution cases known to law enforcement agencies in the United States. Findings indicate law enforcement responses to juvenile prostitution are influential in determining whether such youth are viewed as victims of commercial sexual exploitation or as delinquents."

Culturally Competent Service Provision to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Survivors of Sexual Violence (pdf)

added 10/02/2009
Sabrina Gentlewarrior with contributions from Kim Fountain

"This Applied Research paper provides a review of the research focusing on LGBT survivors of sexual trauma and offers recommendations for culturally competent service provision to LGBT clients."

Do Children Sexually Abuse Other Children? (pdf)

added 11/30/2005

This is a piece of education material intended for all audiences that overviews childhood sexual abuse and the high incidence rates of children under the age of 18 years that are perpetrators.

Domestic Violence Against Women and Girls

added 06/11/2008
UNICEF, Innocenti Research Centre (May 2000)

"Highlights issues of abuse; femicide; forced prostitution; sexual abuse of children; sex-selective abortion, female infanticide and differential access to food and medical care; and, traditional and cultural practices that affect women's health and lives."

Don't Turn Your Back On Girls: Sexual Violence Against Girls In Haiti (pdf)

added 02/25/2009

A comprehensive report on sexual violence against girls in Haiti released by Amnesty International in late November of 2008. Over half of the 105 rapes reported in Haiti by the end of November were committed against girls under the age of 18, according to one of the few organizations in the country which collect rape statistics. The report includes findings on rape as a political weapon, the role of discrimination and poverty, and the state’s response.

Eliminating Violence against Children (pdf)

added 03/13/2009
Inter-Parliamentary Union and UNICEF

"Jointly produced by UNICEF and the Inter-Parliamentary Union, this handbook describes measures parliamentarians can take to end violence against children: they can legislate, oversee government activities, allocate financial resources and, as leaders in their nations and communities, raise awareness of issues."

Ending Violence Against Women

added 06/11/2008
Lori Heise, Mary Ellsberg and Megan Gottemoeller, Series L, Number 11, in Population Reports (December 1999)

"Highlights the 2 most prevalent types of abuse in the lives of women and girls around the world: intimate partner violence and rape. Demonstrates how world-wide gender-based violence is a major public health concern, suggesting strategies to respond."

Ethnic Identity and Exposure to Maltreatment in Childhood: Evidence from a New Zealand Birth Cohort

added 12/05/2011
Dannette Marie, David M Fergusson & Joseph M. Boden

"The present study examined the associations between ethnic identity and exposure to childhood maltreatment among a longitudinal birth cohort of individuals born in Christchurch in 1977. Participants of Maori ethnicity reported higher rates of exposure to physical punishment and inter-parental violence, but did not report higher rates of exposure to sexual abuse."

Evaluating Children’s Advocacy Centers’ Response to Child Sexual Abuse (pdf)

added 09/12/2008
Theodore P. Cross, Lisa M. Jones, Wendy A. Walsh, Monique Simone, David J. Kolko, Joyce Szczepanski, Tonya Lippert, Karen Davison, Arthur Cryns, Polly Sosnowski, Amy Shadoin, and Suzanne Magnuson

"With funding from OJJDP, researchers have now completed a four-site evaluation of CACs that, for the first time, contrasts them with comparison communities that did not have a CAC. This Bulletin presents an overview of the results. It examines how CACs affect forensic interviewing, child victim disclosures about abuse, children’s receipt of medical exams and mental health services, prosecution and conviction of offenders, removal of children from their homes, and family satisfaction with child abuse investigations."

Evaluation for Improvement: A Seven-step Empowerment Evaluation Approach for Violence Prevention Organizations (pdf)

added 03/27/2010

"This manual is designed to help violence prevention organizations hire an empowerment evaluator who will assist them in building their evaluation capacity through a learn-by-doing process of evaluating their own strategies. It is for state and local leaders and staff members of organizations, coalitions, government agencies, and/or partnerships working to prevent sexual violence, intimate partner violence, youth violence, suicide, and/or child maltreatment."

Farsi Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 06/30/2010

Farsi translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. It locates a range of abuses and abusers in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration.

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: A statistical exploration

added 06/11/2008
The United Nations Children's Fund (November 2005)

"This publication analyzes available statistics on female genital mutilation/cutting, with the aim of improving understanding of related issues in the wider context of gender equality and social change."

Girls Count: A Global Investment & Action Agenda (pdf)

added 04/07/2010
Ruth Levine, Cynthia Lloyd, Margaret Greene, and Caren Grown, Center for Global Development

"This report describes why and how to initiate effective investments that will give adolescent girls in developing countries a full and equal chance for rewarding lives and livelihoods."

Handbook on Sensitive Practice for Health Care Practitioners: Lessons from Adult Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse

added 09/22/2004
Candice Schachter, Carol Stalker, Eli Teram, Gerri C. Lasiuk, Alanna Danilkewich

This handbook is designed to help health professionals address the health care needs of adult female survivors of childhood sexual abuse. It provides background information about childhood sexual abuse and its effects on survivors. It also introduces the principles of sensitive practice and provides practical suggestions that health professionals can incorporate into their clinical practice.

Human Trafficking of Children in the United States: A Fact Sheet for Schools (pdf)

added 12/05/2007
U.S. Department of Education

"This fact sheet was developed for those working in school settings and provides an overview of human trafficking, how it affects schools, tips for identifying victims, and steps for reporting human trafficking."

Internet sex crimes against minors: The response of law enforcement (pdf)

added 11/14/2012

As Internet use has become widespread, questions have emerged about how often sexual offenders are using the Internet to commit crimes involving child sexual exploitation and child pornography. The National Juvenile Online Victimization (N-JOV) Study was a national research study to systematically collect data about the number and characteristics of arrests for Internet sex crimes against minors. This bulletin is the first publication of findings from the N-JOV Study. It discusses arrest estimates and gives an overview of the types of crimes, characteristics of offenders, and how the criminal-justice system is handling Internet sex crimes against minors.

Internet-initiated Sex Crimes against Minors: Implications for Prevention Based on Findings from a National Study (pdf)

added 11/08/2012
JANIS WOLAK, J.D., DAVID FINKELHOR, Ph.D., AND KIMBERLY MITCHELL, Ph.D

The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics of episodes in which juveniles became victims of sex crimes committed by people they met through the Internet.

Intimate or Childhood Sexual Abuse and Obesity in Kentucky

added 11/04/2008
Ann L. Coker, PhD, MPH; Corrine Williams, ScD; James E. Ferguson, II, MD; Heather M. Bush, PhD; Yasmin Parrish; Leslie Crofford, MD

This study concluded that sexual abuse, whether experienced as an adult or child, was associated with a 32% increase in obesity among 4,391 women in Kentucky. The study also found that intimate partner violence and obesity are common health threats for women. The authors suggest that efforts to prevent physical and sexual abuse and mental health consequences of abuse on victims can have implications to improve women's health.

Juveniles Who Commit Sex Offenses Against Minors (pdf)

added 12/11/2009
David Finkelhor, Richard Ormrod, and Mark Chaffin

"This bulletin presents population-based epidemiological information about the characteristics of juvenile offenders who commit sex offenses against minors. The authors analyzed data from the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) and provided topical statistics highlighting the fact that juveniles account for more than one-third (35.6 percent) of this type of offender. Findings may support the development of research-based interventions and policies to reduce sexual assault and child molestation as perpetrated by juvenile offenders."

Korean Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Korean translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Law enforcement challenges in Internet child pornography crimes (pdf)

added 11/14/2012
Melissa Wells, David Finkelhor, Janis Wolak, and Kimberly Mitchell

This analysis examines challenges related to identifying offenders in 34 internet child pornography possession and distribution investigations in which law enforcement agents did not make an arrest.
Scroll to the second page of the report for the start of the article.

Let's Talk: Adults Talking to Adults about Child Sexual Abuse (pdf)

added 11/30/2005

This brochure was primarily designed for adults who are concerned about the possible presence of child sexual abuse within their community. Stop It Now! believes that learning how to talk about your concerns can help protect a child in your life and this guide gives you the tools to speak about your concern.

Little Children Are Sacred: Exploring Accountability to Australia's Aboriginal Children

added 07/13/2010

This collection explores accountability to aboriginal children in the Northern Territory of Australia through a critical analysis of government action (and inaction) - presented generally as its follow-up to recommendations in the Little Children are Sacred report of 2007 - and a review of the community-based response to the government interventions.

Mothers of Sexually Abused Children: Trauma and Repair in Longitudinal Perspective

added 09/18/2006

This study addressed the increase in maternal psychological stress that develops following the disclosure of their child's sexual abuse. A mother's stress is often correlated and associated with the child's coping skills and level of stress, thus it is extremely important to work with mother on relieving/alleviating their stress so as to in turn work the child at healing from their sexual trauma.

Moving Upstream: Virginia’s Newsletter for the Primary Prevention of Sexual & Intimate Partner Violence (pdf)

added 05/14/2008
Virginia Sexual and Domestic Violence Action Alliance (VSDVAA)

"The theme of this issue is "Revisiting Healthy Sexuality and Sexual Violence Prevention". The feature article profiles two programs using a healthy sexuality approach, and also reports on key policy and practice developments that have come to light since the original healthy sexuality articles were published in 2005. There is also an article examining how one local Virginia agency implemented the Care For Kids child sexual abuse prevention program in their community. "

No One to Turn To: The Under-Reporting of Child Sexual Exploitation and Abuse by Aid Workers and Peacekeepers (pdf)

added 09/21/2010

No One to Turn To seeks to move the debate on and reinvigorate efforts to address the problem of the under-reporting of child sexual exploitation and abuse by aid workers and peacekeepers. Based on research with communities and international organizations, it examines the chronic under-reporting of abuse and the inadequate response to it. It provides new analysis on why this abuse persists despite international efforts to stop it, and proposes new solutions to tackle it.
Also available in French

Online Victimization of Youth: Five Years Later (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Janis Wolak, Kimberly Mitchell, and David Finkelhor

"This second groundbreaking national survey of 1,500 youth aged 10 to 17 documented their use of the Internet and experiences while online including unwanted exposure to sexual solicitation, sexual material, and harassment. It was produced in cooperation with OJJDP and the University of New Hampshire’s Crimes against Children Research Center and includes recommendations to help make the Internet safer for children."

Overview of the Portable Guides to Investigating Child Abuse: Update 2000 (pdf)

added 03/27/2000
Janet McNaughton

This 10-page Bulletin is available from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). It covers the recognition of injuries caused by abuse, techniques for collecting evidence and for interviewing victims and witnesses, formation of multidisciplinary investigative teams, and the use of computers in the sexual victimization of children.

Polyvictimization in Developmental Context (pdf)

added 01/18/2012
Finkelhor, D., Shattuck, A., Turner, H., Ormrod, R., Hamby, S.L., 2011

This article provides an analysis of data on child victimization from a large national survey using the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire. The purpose of the study was to assess the prevelence of polyvictimization (i.e., exposure to multiple forms of victimization) in youth from 4 different developmental cohorts.

Preliminary Adaptations for Working with Traumatized Latino/Hispanic Children and Their Families (pdf)

added 11/30/2010

The Culture and Trauma Briefs series serves to support the NCTSN commitment to raising the standard of care for traumatized children, their families, and their communities by highlighting the diversity of needs and experiences of those children, families, and communities.
This report was developed through information gathered via a preliminary focus group of bilingual/bicultural therapists at a children's hospital in California to address the needs of diverse Latino populations seeking care.

Prevent Child Sexual Abuse: Facts About Abuse and Those Who Might Commit It (pdf)

added 04/12/2006

A booklet that provides information about people who may commit child sexual abuse. Additional facts regarding what to look for in children who may have been abused and the need to develop a safety plan are included.
The link should take you to a page where you will first have to fill out a request form, and then can access the report.

Preventing Child Sexual Abuse Online Resource Collection

added 11/23/2011

This well organized collection from the National Sexual Violence Resource Center (NSVRC) provides information and tools for caretakers, organizations and communities assuming the responsibility of preventing child sexual abuse. Information and resource links for headings such as, "Sexuality and child development", "What you can do", and "Shifting cultural norms".

Profiting from abuse: An investigation into the sexual exploitation of children (pdf)

added 07/07/2008
UNICEF

"Highlights ways children are sexually exploited around the world, factors contributing to this exploitation, and responses various states, communities, organizations, and individuals have taken to respond to/prevent/decrease child sexual exploitation."

Prostitution of Children and Child-Sex Tourism: An Analysis of Domestic and International Responses (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Eva J. Klain, JD, of the American Bar Association Center on Children and the Law

"This paper addresses both domestic and international responses to the prostitution of children within the United States and abroad. The author highlights policy and practice issues regarding the legal system and social-service responses to prostituted children."

Protecting Children from Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Violence in Disaster and Emergency Situations (pdf)

added 04/07/2010

This document provides local and community-based organizations with strategies for preventing the sexual exploitation and trafficking of children during natural disasters and other emergencies.

Protecting Children in Cyberspace: The ICAC Task Force Program (pdf)

added 04/22/2002
Medaris,M., and Girouard, C.

January 2002 Bulletin. Discusses efforts by OJJDP's Internet Crimes Against Children (ICAC) Task Force Program that address emerging online threats, such as computer-facilitated sex crimes, directed at children and teenagers. The ICAC Task Force Program helps State and local law enforcement agencies develop effective responses to online enticement and child pornography offenses. Responses include investigative, forensic, community education, and victim service components. The information in this OJJDP Bulletin is intended to help parents, policymakers, and practitioners create an Internet environment in which children can participate safely.

Relationship of Childhood Abuse and Household Dysfunction to Many of the Leading Causes of Death in Adults: The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study (pdf)

added 08/23/2011
Vincent J. Felitti, et al.

This article seeks to gain more of an understanding of the relationship between health risk behavior and disease in adulthood and the breadth of exposure to childhood emotional, physical, or sexual abuse, and household dysfunction during childhood. They conclude that a strong relationship does exist and that adverse childhood exposure can lead to multiple risk factors for several of the leading causes of death in adults.

Report on Research on Rape and Violence (pdf)

added 05/14/2008
California Coalition Against Sexual Assault

"This report is a compendium of research on issues related to rape, sexual assault, and violence. While efforts have been made to include research from as many sources as possible, it is inevitable that other valuable sources of research may contain information no included in this report."

Reporting on Child Sexual Abuse

added 03/04/2013
National Center for Victims of Crime (NCVC)

This web resource for journalists and reporters includes a guide to terminology, contextual information, related statistics, criminal and civil justice procedures and reporting do’s and don’ts. Navigation through this information is located in the left side bar under the heading, "Reporting on Child Sexual Abuse"

Safe Start Promising Approaches Communities: Working Together to Help Children Exposed to Violence (pdf)

added 11/04/2009

Launched by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention(OJJDP) and its Federal partners in the Department of Justice and the Department of Health and Human Services, the initiative is designed as a national framework which seeks to address the needs of children exposed to violence. This booklet describes each of the 15 Safe Start Promising Approaches communities and outlines how these programs are integrating evidence-based or promising practices as well as other complementary interventions within their geographical, agency, and community contexts.

Second Comprehensive Study of Missing Children (pdf)

added 04/25/2000
Louise Hanson

A 6-page Bulletin posted by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). The design of the National Incidence Studies of Missing, Abducted, Runaway, and Thrownaway Children (NISMART 2) study is described in this Bulletin, which outlines how it will provide vital data on the incidence of missing children in seven categories: runaway/thrownaway, nonfamily abduction, family abduction, custodial interference, lost and involuntarily missing, missing due to injury, missing due to false alarm situations, as well as children who have been sexually assaulted.

Sexual Assault of Young Children as Reported to Law Enforcement: Victim, Incident, and Offender Characteristics (pdf)

added 05/22/2003
Howard N. Snyder, Ph.D., National Center for Juvenile Justice

Presents findings from the National Incident-Based Reporting System regarding sexual assault, especially young children.

Sexual Intercourse Among Adolescents Maltreated Before Age 12: A Prospective Investigation (pdf)

added 11/01/2009
Maureen M. Black, PhD, Sarah E. Oberlander, PhD, Terri Lewis, PhD, Elizabeth D. Knight, MSW, Adam J. Zolotor, MD, MPH, Alan J. Litrownik, PhD, Richard Thompson, PhD, Howard Dubowitz, MS, MD, Diana E. English, PhD

"This study found that maltreatment (regardless of type) predicts sexual intercourse by 14 and 16. Emotional distress explains the relationship by 14. By 16, other factors likely contribute to intercourse. Maltreated children are at risk for early initiation of sexual intercourse and sexually active adolescents should be evaluated for possible maltreatment."

Sexual Safety in Sports: Talking about Coaches Who Show Inappropriate Interest in Kids (pdf)

added 12/02/2011
Yvonne Cournoyer for Stop It Now!

This article offers concrete information on what parents can do and talk about with children to keep them safe from sexual harm.

Sexual Violence Research Agenda (pdf)

added 06/08/2009

"The Sexual Violence Research Initiative recently published the Sexual Violence Research Agenda. The publication recognizes eight key focus areas for research: nature, prevalence, social context and risk factors associated with sexual violence; appropriateness and effectiveness of sexual violence services; sexual violence prevention; sexual violence and restorative justice; sexual violence in conflict and emergency settings; child sexual abuse; human trafficking for sexual exploitation; and female genital cutting."

Sexually Assaulted Children - National Estimates and Characteristics (pdf)

added 01/13/2009
David Finkelhor, Heather Hammer, and Andrea J. Sedlak

"This bulletin provides information on the estimated number and characteristics of children who were sexually assaulted in the United States in 1999, based on interviews with victims and their families. It also presents statistical profiles of these children, including their demographic characteristics, according to the Second National Incidence Studies of Missing, Abducted, Runaway, and Thrownaway Children (NISMART-2.)"

Shattered Hearts: The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of American Indian Women and Girls in Minnesota (pdf)

added 10/18/2009

A groundbreaking report released by the Minnesota Indian Women’s Resource Center (MIWRC) highlights the alarming and pervasive sex trafficking of American Indian women and girls in Minnesota. The first comprehensive report of its kind, it highlights risk factors for victims that include poverty, a disproportionate number of American Indian homeless, high incidences of overall sexual assault, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and pervasive multi-generational trauma.

Sibling sexual abuse (pdf)

added 10/25/2012

This Research Summary into sibling sexual abuse will review the current literature on definitions, impacts, barriers to disclosure and legal issues in order to highlight this often hidden form of sexual abuse. The review will also explore the literature on implications for therapeutic interventions—particularly the shift in thinking about sibling sexual assault and the abusive sibling from a punitive response to a much more therapeutic response.

Other formats: html

South Asia in Action: Preventing and responding to child trafficking - Analysis of anti-trafficking initiatives in the region (pdf)

added 06/08/2010

"This publication presents a regional analysis of anti-trafficking measures relevant to children in the countries of South Asia. It assesses national legal and policy frameworks and provides a list of recommended actions for the application of a rights-based approach to child trafficking."

Statistics Surrounding Child Sexual Abuse

added 06/11/2008
Darkness to Light

"This one-pager presents statistics surrounding the issue of child sexual abuse."

Status of Girls in Minnesota

added 05/25/2010
Women’s Foundation of Minnesota and the Institute for Women’s Policy Research

"This 2008 report provides detailed information on the status of girls in Minnesota. It also serves as a tool for advocates, researchers, and policy makers in developing a set of interventions that will ensure girls’ economic, social, and political equality in the state. "

Stopping the Violence Against Women: The Movement from Intervention to Prevention (pdf)

added 04/06/2007

This safety program report outlines the history of gender violence within the U.S. and offers suggestions for how to move beyond this problem towards prevention. Strategies for moving forward and a sample program are addressed.

Tagalog Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Tagalog translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

The Decline in Child Sexual Abuse Cases (pdf)

added 05/22/2003
Lisa Jones and David Finkelhor

This document presents evidence about the decline in reported and substantiated child sexual abuse cases since the early 1990’s. Several explanations for the decline are considered, and corresponding policy implications are discussed.

The evaluation of sexual abuse in children

added 11/30/2005
Kellogg, N

Sexually abused children are seen by pediatricians and family care practitioners in a variety of circumstances, but the diagnosis of sexual abuse and the protection of the child from additional harm depend in part on the provider's willingness to consider abuse as a possibility. Sexually abused children who have not disclosed abuse may present with a variety of symptoms and signs. Released by the National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC), the Evaluation of Sexual Abuse in Children was developed by the American Academy of Pediatrics to assist pediatric and family care providers in effectively evaluating and caring for children who are sexually abused.

The Four R's of Prevention: Back to School Safety In & Out of the Classroom by Stop It Now!

added 12/05/2007
Stop It Now!

"This article offers a review for adults of the Four R's of preventing child sexual abuse - Rules, Reading, Respect, and Responsibility - and offers tips on each one."

The Health Impacts on Adult Women of Childhood Sexual Violence Before the Age of Twelve Years

added 07/13/1999
Karen Hughes, Heather Stephens, Amy Difranco, Linda Manning, Natalie van der Torrn, Cathy North & Miriam Taylor

This is a 1998 report by seven authors of Ipswich, Queensland, Australia. The authors describe the health consequences in adulthood that often emerge as a consequence of childhood sexual violence. High rates of depression and dissociation resulted, as well as a low rate of school completion. The experiences of women when they sought help are described.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

The Impact of Conflict on Women and Girls in West and Central Africa and the UNICEF response (pdf)

added 03/13/2009

"This first-of-its-kind study by UNICEF on the situation of war-affected girls and women in the region highlights innovative programmes being implemented with partners to address the impact of conflict, and recommends how UNICEF can more proactively champion the rights of girls - particularly adolescent girls."

The Internet and Family and Acquaintance Sexual Abuse (pdf)

added 11/14/2012
Kimberly J. Mitchell, David Finkelhor, and Janis Wolak

This article explores the dynamics of cases involving family and acquaintance sexual offenders who used the Internet to commit sex crimes against minors. Data were collected from a national sample of law enforcement agencies about arrests for Internet-related sex crimes against minors.

The National Plan to Prevent the Sexual Exploitation of Children (pdf)

added 04/02/2012
The National Coalition to Prevent Child Sexual Exploitation

This document addresses the need for a comprehensive prevention plan for ending child sexual abuse that engages individuals, organizations, businesses and policymakers nationwide. This most recent update to the report pays special attention to primary prevention and positive youth development.

The National Report on Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking: America’s Prostituted Children (pdf)

added 10/02/2009

The report reveals findings of three years of intensive research on the issue of child sex trafficking in America from ten locations across the U.S. The study found that at least 100,000 children are used in prostitution every year in the United States and that the average age of entry into prostitution is 13 years old.

The Normalization of Sexual Harm and the Sexualization of Children (pdf)

added 10/19/2011
Minnesota Department of Health

Information about the detrimental effects that our cultures sexual media is having on our young people. Child sexualization and the normalization of sexual violence are the two main topics covered.

The prevalence of child abuse and neglect

added 05/28/2010
Rhys Price-Robertson, Leah Bromfield and Suzanne Vassallo

"A resource sheet that summarizes the current knowledge about the prevalence of child abuse and neglect in Australia. It provides an overview of Australian studies that have estimated the prevalence of the different forms of child maltreatment."

The Psychological Maltreatment of Children -Technical Report (2002)

added 01/07/2009
Steven W. Kairys, MD, MPH, Charles F. Johnson, MD and Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect (PEDIATRICS Vol. 109 No. 4)

"Psychological maltreatment is a common consequence of physical and sexual abuse but also may occur as a distinct entity. Until recently, there has been controversy regarding the definition and consequences of psychological maltreatment. Sufficient research and consensus now exist about the incidence, definition, risk factors, and consequences of psychological maltreatment."

The Traumatic Impact of Child Sexual Abuse: A Conceptualization (pdf)

added 08/19/2008
David Finkelhor, Ph.D., and Angela Browne, Ph.D.

"In this paper a framework is proposed for a more systematic understanding of the effects of child sexual abuse. Four traumagenic dynamics – traumatic sexualization, betrayal, stigmatization, and powerlessness – are identified as the core of the psychological injury inflicted by abuse. These dynamics can be used to make assessments of victimized children and to anticipate problems to which these children may be vulnerable subsequently. Implications for research are also considered."

Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation (pdf)

added 07/31/2008
Pan-American Health Organization (July 2001)

"This fact sheet provides a brief overview of sex trafficking of women and children in the Americas and explores the life-threatening health consequences of this type of human trafficking."

Trafficking in Persons Report 2009 (pdf)

added 06/23/2009

"The ninth annual report seeks to increase global awareness of the human trafficking phenomenon by shedding new light on various facets of the problem and highlighting shared and individual efforts of the international community, and to encourage foreign governments to take effective action against all forms of trafficking in persons."

Trafficking in Persons Report 2010 (pdf)

added 02/01/2011
US Department of State

"The 10th annual Trafficking in Persons Report outlines the continuing challenges across the globe, including in the United States. This year’s report highlights several key trends, including the suffering of women and children in involuntary domestic servitude, the challenges and successes in identifying and protecting victims, and the need to include anti-trafficking policies in our response to natural disasters."

Transforming Communities to Prevent Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation: A Primary Prevention Approach (pdf)

added 09/25/2009

"This policy brief presents the distilled research and critical thinking of a diverse group of local and national experts in the field of child sexual abuse and exploitation. Via candid dialog and interviews, these leaders developed and prioritized primary prevention strategies, analyzed environmental factors and norms that perpetuate these problems, and outlined policies and practices for transforming our communities and our nation during these turbulent political and economic times."

Trauma Informed Care Resources for Children Exposed to Violence

added 05/12/2011

Exposure to violence at home, in the form of child abuse and neglect, or in the community, whether at school or in the neighborhood, can affect young people in profound ways. This resource provides information on children's exposure to violence for parents and other caregivers, as well as for teachers and other agencies and staff who may work with these youth. Information includes warning signs of exposure to violence and what you can do to intervene.

Trends in Youth Internet Victimization: Findings From Three Youth Internet Safety Surveys 2000 –2010 (pdf)

added 11/14/2012

The purpose of this research was to explore the trends in youth reports of unwanted online sexual solicitation, harassment, and exposure to pornography over time. The study was based on three separate cross-sectional national telephone surveys of approximately 1,500 youth Internet users, aged 10 through 17 years. Data were collected in 2000, 2005, and 2010. Trends are showing that unwanted sexual solicitations and unwanted exposure to pornography are decreasing for youth.

UN study on Violence Against Children

added 03/13/2009

"A press release on a new effort to provide a detailed global picture of the nature, extent and causes of violence against children, and propose clear recommendations for action to prevent and reduce such violence. The study focuses on violence against children in five settings: the home and family, schools and educational settings, other institutional settings (orphanages, children in conflict with the law), the community and on the streets, and work situations. "

Understanding and Protecting Your Children from Child Molesters and Predators

added 06/11/2008
Cory Jewell Jensen and Steve Jensen for Oprah.com (2002)

"This packet provides information about child molesters and some of the things you, your family and community can do to help keep children safe."

Understanding Child Maltreatment, Fact Sheet 2012

added 02/06/2013

From the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Division of Violence Prevention, this fact sheet provides a basic overview of child maltreatment. It is intended for the general public.

Understanding child sexual abuse definitions and rates (pdf)

added 08/31/2012

There is hopeful evidence that rates of child sexual abuse, as well as other forms of child maltreatment, are declining. However, there is equally concerning evidence that the actual rates of child sexual abuse may not be fully known because of significant barriers victims and community leaders face in reporting crimes. The following talking points provide information on definitions and rates of child sexual abuse.

Other formats: html

Understanding National Rape Statistics (pdf)

added 10/02/2009
Dean Kilpatrick and Jenna McCauley with contributions from Grace Mattern

"This Applied Research paper provides an overview of how estimates of sexual violence in the United States are produced, with particular emphasis on major sources of rape statistics at the national level."

Utilization of Questioning Techniques in Forensic Child Sexual Abuse Interviews (pdf)

added 04/12/2011
Monit Cheung, PhD, University of Houston

This report answers the question: What questioning techniques suggested in the child sexual abuse literature are being used in practice? Sixty-two randomly selected videos of child sexual abuse interviews are reviewed to answer this question.

Violence Against Girls in Conflict with the Law

added 07/21/2009

This article documents the particular vulnerability to sexual abuse and rape of girls who come into contact with police and juvenile justice systems in various countries.

Violence Against Women and Girls: A Compendium of Monitoring and Evaluation Indicators (pdf)

added 04/30/2010
Shelah S. Bloom

"This compendium offers a set of monitoring and evaluation indicators for program managers, organizations, and policy makers working to address violence against women and girls at individual, community, district and national levels in developing countries."

Violence Against Women: Classic Papers

added 08/21/2009
Raquel Kennedy Bergen, Jeffrey L. Edleson and Claire M. Renzetti

The purpose of this project was to assemble some of the classic works in the field of violence against women so that new generations of students, practitioners, and researchers would have a collective understanding of the work that has shaped the field. Included are commentaries from the original authors, when available, reflecting on why they authored the work when they did and the influence of their work on the field.

Women and Health: Today’s Evidence, Tomorrow’s Agenda (pdf)

added 04/30/2010

"This report reviews evidence on the health issues that particularly affect girls and women throughout their life course. This report uses currently available data to draw attention to the consequences and costs of failing to address health issues at appropriate points in their lives."

Workers in the Shadows: Abuse and Exploitation of Child Domestic Workers in Indonesia (pdf)

added 10/02/2009

"This report documents how hundreds of thousands of girls in Indonesia, some as young as 11, are employed as domestic workers in other people’s households, performing tasks such as cooking, cleaning, laundry, and child care. Most girls interviewed for the report worked 14 to 18 hours a day, seven days a week, with no day off. Almost all are grossly underpaid, and some get no salary at all. In the worst cases, girls reported being physically, psychologically, and sexually abused."


Child welfare

15 Years of the United Nations Rapporteur on Violence against Women, Its Causes and Consequences (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

This report reviews the status of violence against women as researched in 14 annual reports, 32 country mission reports, and 11 communication reports published as recently as December 2008. The report focuses on reproductive health and rights, poverty, migration, internally displaced persons (IDPs), women refugees, trafficking, aging, and adolescent girls. It also highlights how the mandate on violence against women has changed, what has been learned, and problems still to be addressed.

2009 KIDS COUNT Data Book: State Profiles of Child Well-being (pdf)

added 09/18/2009

This 20th annual KIDS COUNT Data Book provides national and state-by-state information and statistical trends on the conditions of America’s children and families. The book reports on indicators of educational achievement, economic well-being, and health, among others. The book also ranks states on a composite indicator of child wellness, aggregating measures such as infant mortality rate, graduation rates, and children in poverty.

A Balanced Collaboration: How Vermont Built a Protocol for Law Enforcement Response to Children and Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 03/12/2010
Jane M. Sadusky

"This paper examines the process Vermont used, including areas of both agreement and uncertainty, and introduces the protocol to a wider audience of interveners. It draws on a review of planning notes and other documents and a series of interviews with those who participated in shaping the process and the protocol. It provides a starting point for other communities to explore their own response to children at domestic violence incidents, as well as an approach that can be used to examine other aspects of intervention."

A Better Start: Child maltreatment as a public health priority (pdf)

added 12/12/2011
Zimmerman, F. & Mercy, J.A.

Using a public health approach, the authors of this article promote the prevention of child maltreatment using strategies that offer a continuum of services & encorporate the individual, family, community, and societal levels to promote health and well-being.

A Coordinated Response to Child Abuse and Neglect: The Foundation for Practice

added 02/01/2005
Jill Goldman, Marsha Salus, Deborah Wolcott and Kristie Kennedy

Written for new child protective services (CPS) caseworkers, professionals working with children and families, other professionals and concerned community members, this manual addresses the definition, scope, causes, and consequences of child abuse and neglect. It presents an overview of prevention efforts and the child protection process from identification and reporting through investigation and assessment to service provision and case closure.

A Judicial Guide to Child Safety in Custody Cases (pdf)

added 12/13/2009
Hon. Jerry J. Bowles, Hon. Kaye K. Christian, Margaret B. Drew, JD, Katheryn L. Yetter, JD

"This Judicial Guide contains 14 bench cards which provide an easy-to-use checklist system for judges at critical decision-making points throughout child custody cases, as well as a supplemental guide which provides additional information about in- and out-of-court behaviors, best interest of the child, and order issuance and enforcement. "

Accountability and Connection with Abusive Men (pdf)

added 03/14/2010

"This document is an effort to remedy the excessive focus on mothers in cases involving domestic violence. It provides suggestions for connecting with and holding abusers accountable. It is a resource for child protection workers, supervisors, managers and others working with families involved in the child protection system."

Activist Dialogues: How Domestic Violence and Child Welfare Impact Women of Color and Their Communities (pdf)

added 06/16/2005
Futures Without Violence

This report offers an analysis and recommendations to address the impact of domestic violence and child welfare systems in communities of color. Six culture-specific organizations were partnered with to create a multi-dimensional analysis for this report. The Dialogues section offers analysis and describes some of the common findings and issues, while the Recommendations section addresses these issues. Thus, critiques and system changes go hand in hand, and are offered in the spirit of constructive engagement and strengthening communities

Adaptation Guidelines for Serving Latino Children and Families Affected by Trauma (pdf)

added 01/13/2009
Chadwick Center for Children and Families, Rady Children’s Hospital - San Diego

"This document was created by experts in the fields of child trauma research, clinical practice, policy and cultural diversity to serve as a resource for anyone who works with Latino families who have experienced traumatic events. There are 12 priority areas covered ranging from micro issues (assessment and provision of therapy) to macro issues (organizational competence and policy). Each one includes an overview of the priority area, recommendations for improving practice based on that priority area, and additional resources for further information. Portions of these guidelines are geared for advocates and therapists, while other priority areas are designed for program administrators and policy makers."

Addressing Gender-based Violence: UNFPA Strategy and Framework for Action (pdf)

added 03/11/2009

This report, grounded in UNFPA's overarching goal of eliminating violence against women and girls, identifies particular areas where action is most urgently needed and proposes general policy frameworks for combating gender-based violence.

Advocacy Beyond Leaving: Helping Battered Women in Contact With Current or Former Partners (pdf)

added 05/19/2009
Jill Davies

A guide for domestic violence advocates providing information on improving outreach and responses to domestic violence victims who are in contact with their partners or children’s fathers. This guide addresses how to identify safety strategies, find resources and to know what to say when a victim’s focus and goals are to remain in contact, remain in the relationship or to improve their children’s relationship with their father.

Advocacy Matters: Helping Mothers and Their Children Involved with the Child Protection System (pdf)

added 08/06/2004
Futures Without Violence

This publication gives domestic violence experts the information they need to deal successfully with child protection systems and to help battered mothers whose children have been removed from their care. Advocacy Matters includes general information and tips that help advocates better address the needs of battered mothers and their children.

American Indians and Crime (pdf)

added 07/07/2008
Lawrence Greenfield and Steven Smith, U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics

"Reports rates and characteristics of violent crimes experienced by Native Americans and summarizes data on Native Americans in the criminal justice system."

Battered Women and Their Children

added 12/07/1999

Battered Women and Their Children is a website devoted to a professional and scholarly examination of the connections between domestic violence (woman abuse) and child maltreatment (child abuse and neglect).

Battered Women Involved with Child Protective Services: Learning from Immigrant, Refugee and Indigenous Women's Experiences (pdf)

added 08/23/2010
V. Pualani Enos

"The purpose of this study was to learn how CPS can be more responsive to families experiencing domestic violence and child abuse and neglect; learn how domestic violence advocates can be more effective in helping clients to respond to allegations of or actual child abuse and neglect and CPS interventions; explore how community can be more responsive to partner abuse and child abuse and neglect and provide support to families involved with CPS; and experiment with a research design that accomplishes the first step of participatory research and at the same time empowers advocates and survivors."

Battered Women's Reports of Their Partner's and Children's Cruelty to Animals (pdf)

added 08/11/2008
Frank R. Ascione, Journal of Emotional Abuse, 1(1), Haworth Press (1998)

"This research study describes how abuse of pets is a method employed by batterers to control their partners, contributes to the impact on children exposed to violence, and may also be related to batterers' lethality."

Batterer Accountability: Responding to Child Maltreatment and Domestic Violence

added 11/30/2011

"This paper outlines the philosophical basis of best practice that is rooted in batterer accountability - and it outlines the consequences to children when programs are not so rooted. The paper goes on to talk about all the things advocates can do to push system change that fully integrates batterer accountability, provides excellent advocacy to victims, supports CPS collaborators and looks at alternative models for dependencies and termination of parent rights."

Beyond Observation: Considerations for Advancing Domestic Violence Practice in Supervised Visitation (pdf)

added 08/11/2008
Jay Campbell and Derrick Gordon With Ona Foster

"This paper presents considerations for expanded practice in the Supervised Visitation Grant Program and describes interventions that go beyond observation in the supervised visitation setting."

Bringing the Greenbook to Life: a Resource Guide for Communities (pdf)

added 08/04/2008
Ann Rosewater and Leigh Goodmark

"This guide is designed for communities seeking to develop interventions that will improve their responses to families suffering both domestic violence and child maltreatment."

Building Capacity in Child Welfare Systems: Domestic Violence Specialized Positions (pdf)

added 08/04/2008
Ann Rosewater

"The report seeks to assist policymakers and practitioners in developing specialist positions that are tailored to the circumstances of their communities and states. We offer observations about initial expectations for these positions and the evolution of the positions over time. We also set forth composite examples of each of the major types of specialized positions and lay out the components of each, including responsibilities, auspices and settings, competencies, and funding sources. By doing so, we highlight different approaches to improving understanding 2 of domestic violence and strengthening the likelihood of achieving safety for non-offending parents and their children."

Building Safety for Battered Women and Their Children into the Child Protection System (pdf)

added 11/06/2003

This is a report based on three separate consultations by Praxis with communities wanting to explore the use of the Safety and Accountability Audit in child protection cases where there has been a history of domestic violence. This report shows how to use case files and focus groups to locate systemic problems in the handling of these cases. It is a preliminary examination of the problematic practices in working with battered women within a child protection case.

Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect: 2003 (pdf)

added 10/04/2005
Public Health Agency of Canada

This report presents the major findings of the second cycle of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (CIS-2003). In this initiative, data are collected every five years on child maltreatment reported to, and investigated by, child welfare agencies in Canada.

Child Abuse and Domestic Violence: Creating Community Partnerships for Safe Families - Suggested Components of an Effective Child Welfare Response to Domestic Violence

added 03/09/1999
Janet Carter and Susan Schechter

November 1997. This paper is meant to serve as a working document rather than the "last word," and it will be subject to revision as child welfare and domestic violence agencies on the vanguard of creating partnerships learn more about the link between child abuse and domestic violence, and how to best protect both children and their abused mothers. While the suggested practices and policies are by no means exhaustive, it is hoped that setting them out will save agencies from having to "reinvent the wheel," and will, at the same time, motivate them to add additional "spokes."

Child Abuse and Domestic Violence: Creating Community Partnerships for Safe Families - Suggested Components of an Effective Child Welfare Response to Domestic Violence

added 04/30/2008
Janet Carter and Susan Schechter

November 1997. This paper is meant to serve as a working document rather than the "last word," and it will be subject to revision as child welfare and domestic violence agencies on the vanguard of creating partnerships learn more about the link between child abuse and domestic violence, and how to best protect both children and their abused mothers. While the suggested practices and policies are by no means exhaustive, it is hoped that setting them out will save agencies from having to "reinvent the wheel," and will, at the same time, motivate them to add additional "spokes."

Child Abuse and Neglect Fatalities: Statistics and Interventions (pdf)

added 04/01/2009

"This 2008 brief report presents statistical information on maltreatment-related fatalities of children including who are the victims and perpetrators and how communities often respond. "

Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention: Reports from the Field and Ideas for the Future (pdf)

added 04/01/2009
Rebecca Shaw, M. Rebecca Kilburn

"This report summarizes findings from a PPN project conducted for the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation's Child Abuse Prevention Program. The project sought to assess the current state of the child abuse and neglect prevention field as well as identify potential future directions for the field in terms of emerging priorities and prevention strategies."

Child and Family Service Review Outcomes: Strategies to Improve Domestic Violence Responses in CFSR Program Improvement Plans (pdf)

added 11/15/2009
Shellie Taggart

"Child and Family Service Reviews (CFSRs) evaluate public child welfare systems to determine how well they achieve safety, permanency, and well-being in difficult situations of neglect, physical and sexual abuse, and co-existing domestic violence, substance abuse, mental health issues, poverty, and community violence. This guide can help stakeholders develop effective (Program Improvement Plans) PIPs for achieving safety, permanency, and well-being in domestic violence cases, and to identify or anticipate related technical assistance needs."

Child Maltreatment 2006 Report (pdf)

added 04/01/2009

"The latest Child Maltreatment annual report reports statistical data from the states on reports of maltreatment, characteristics of the children involved and their perpetrators, fatalities tied to maltreatment, and services provided to prevent maltreatment or to address the consequences of maltreatment."

Child Maltreatment 2011

added 01/07/2013
Children's Bureau

This report presents national data about child abuse and neglect known to child protective services agencies in the United States during federal fiscal year 2011.

Child Protection in Families Experiencing Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 12/08/2004
H. Lien Bragg, Office on Child Abuse and Neglect., Caliber Associates.

This manual provides background on this complex topic and addresses the following practice issues: The overlap between child maltreatment and domestic violence; The basics of domestic violence; Modifying child protection practice with families experiencing domestic violence; Enhancing caseworker safety and support in child protection cases involving domestic violence; and Building collaborative responses for families experiencing domestic violence. Appendices include a glossary of terms, child, victim, and alleged perpetrator domestic violence assessments, safety plans, and information about developing a memorandum of understanding.

Child Protection Information Sheets (pdf)

added 03/18/2009

"This booklet comprises 14 information sheets which highlight how child protection is crucial to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. Covering different forms of abuse, these sheets also outline how to build a protective environment for children and what UNICEF is doing on the ground to protect children."

Child Protective Services for Children of Battered Women: Practice and Controversy

added 01/04/2001
Carol Echlin and Larry Marshal for the London and Middlesex Children's Aid Society

1995. A look at the difficulties that child protection workers face when trying to make a situation safe for children who witness woman abuse.

Child Welfare Outcomes 2003: Annual Report (pdf)

added 10/24/2006
Children's Bureau

Improved efforts are needed to ensure that child victims do not experience recurrence of abuse or neglect, according to this year´s annual report to Congress from the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Children´s Bureau. While the overall performance of state child welfare services generally improved from 2000 to 2003, the 2006 report, Child Welfare Outcomes 2003: Annual Report to Congress, recognizes that particularly with regard to maltreatment of children, the reported data do not always include all instances of abuse or neglect. In measuring the recurrence of child abuse and neglect, the report notes that child victim rates varied considerably across states, ranging from 1.6 per 1,000 children in the state's population in Pennsylvania to 42.2 in Alaska, with a median of 10.6. In seven states, there were fewer than five child victims per 1,000 children (Arizona, Idaho, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and Washington). In contrast, in six states, there were more than 20 child victims per 1,000 (Alaska, District of Columbia, Florida, Massachusetts, South Dakota, and West Virginia); in two of these six states (Alaska and Florida) there were more than 35 child victims per 1,000. The full report with state-by-state results plus nation-wide data can be downloaded from the Children's Bureau Web site above.

Child Welfare Practices for Cases with Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 03/18/2004

This is the third edition of Child Welfare Practice for Cases with Domestic Violence, developed as part of an overall effort to increase the safety of adults and children through collaboration of domestic violence services and child protective services.

Child Welfare: Health & Human Services

added 04/30/2008
Office for the Prevention of Domestic Violence

This website provides a number of documents and related resources, particlarly for child welfare workers. Training resources and interventions are provided as well.

Childhood Experience and the Expression of Genetic Potential: What Childhood Neglect Tells Us About Nature and Nurture (pdf)

added 02/25/2009
Bruce D. Perry

"Abuse studies from the author’s laboratory, studies of children in orphanages who lacked emotional contact, and a large number of animal deprivation and enrichment studies point to the need for children and young nonhuman mammals to have both stable emotional attachments with and touch from primary adult caregivers, and spontaneous interactions with peers. If these connections are lacking, brain development both of caring behavior and cognitive capacities is damaged in a lasting fashion. The effects of the childhood environment, favorable or unfavorable, interact with all the processes of neurodevelopment."

Children's Domestic Violence Assessment Tool (pdf)

added 04/30/2008

"The purpose of this tool is to help assess safety, risk, strengths and needs. It may be used to assist in decision making and service planning during any stage of the CPS case (assessment through case planning and case management) in conjunction with required Structured Decision Making Tools. The tool is designed for use with the child(ren) in CPS cases involving domestic violence."

Children, Young People and Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 05/09/2007
Lesley Laing

The author explores "the ways in which children and young people experience domestic violence," as well as the impact it has on child development and the response by professionals and the child protection system is also reviewed.

Chinese Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Chinese translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Collaborating for Family Safety: Results From the Greenbook Multisite Evaluation

added 08/04/2008
Jeffrey L. Edleson and Neena M. Malik

"This special issue of the Journal of Interpersonal Violence features results from a multisite developmental evaluation of best practices at the intersection of child maltreatment and adult domestic violence."

Consensus and Difference Among Hospital Professionals in Evaluating Child Maltreatment

added 09/18/2006

This article summarizes the findings revealed through multidisciplinary consultation assessing the severity of known child abuse cases, and reported their conclusions in survey-format. An exploratory factor analysis yielded five categories of maltreatment: physical abuse, sexual abuse, general failures in care, minor neglect/discipline, and lifestyles/values.

Corporal Punishment by Parents and Associated Child Behaviors and Experiences: A Meta-Analytic and Theoretical Review (pdf)

added 11/19/2008
Elizabeth Thompson Gershoff

"The author presents the results of meta-analyses of the association between parental corporal punishment and 11 child behaviors and experiences. Parental corporal punishment was associated with all child constructs, including higher levels of immediate compliance and aggression and lower levels of moral internalization and mental health. The author then presents a process– context model to explain how parental corporal punishment might cause particular child outcomes and considers alternative explanations. The article concludes by identifying 7 major remaining issues for future research."

Corporal Punishment in Adolescence and Physical Assaults on Spouses in Later Life: What Accounts for the Link? (pdf)

added 11/19/2008
MURRAY A. STRAUS AND CARRIE L. YODANIS

"Using data on 4,401 couples who participated in the National Family Violence Survey, this article reports modeling of cultural norms or other processes that could account for the link between corporal punishment and partner violence. Because corporal punishment of adolescents occurs in over half of U.S. families, the findings suggest that elimination of this practice can reduce some of the psychological and social processes that increase the likelihood of future marital violence and perhaps other violence as well."

Crafting the Greenbook: Framers Reflect on the Vision, Process, and Lessons Learned

added 08/04/2008
Colleen Janczewski, Nicole Dutch, and Kathleen Wang

"As part of the evaluation of the Greenbook initiative, the evaluation team asked the national experts who helped frame the Greenbook to reflect on the processes used and the decisions that shaped the document. In addition, the experts were asked to describe their expectations for the systems and communities that implemented the recommendations, including anticipated challenges."

Creating Trauma-Informed Systems of Child Welfare (pdf)

added 12/04/2012
Center for Excellence in Children's Mental Health

This article addresses systems-level changes that can help improve communication and service delivery and ultimately reduce trauma for children.

Cross System Dialogue: An Effective Strategy to Promote Communication Between the Domestic Violence Community, Child Welfare System, and the Courts (pdf)

added 04/30/2010
Stacy M. Lowry and Olga Trujillo

This publication provides information about the use of cross-system dialogue to facilitate communication among representatives working in the domestic violence, child welfare, and court system. Strategies for professionals responding to family violence and child maltreatment are also provided.

Custodians of Abuse

added 09/19/2006
Kristen Lombardi

This article addresses the likely and realistic outcome regarding custodial care decisions during divorce battles. It would seem apparent that the parent responsible for inflicting abuse upon their child is often the one to receive unsupervised visitation rights and often even full legal custody as well.

Danger Zone: Battered Mothers and Their Families in Supervised Visitation (pdf)

added 10/28/2008
Tracee Parker, Kellie Rogers, Meghan Collins, and Jeffrey L. Edleson

"This paper outlines research conducted at a supervised visitation center specifically for serving families where domestic violence was the primary reason for referral. The authors have classified their experiences based on these main subjects: battered women in supervised visitation, how battering continues during supervised visitation, how the rules of the supervised visitation center evolved during the first 18 months of implementation, the importance of well-trained visit monitors, and the need to include supervised visitation centers within a larger context of coordinated community responses to domestic violence."

Developmental Repair: A Training Manual (pdf)

added 07/16/2009
Anne Gearity, PhD, LICSW

Washburn Center for Children has recently completed a training manual on Developmental Repair – the treatment framework that has been developed and implemented in their Day Treatment Program under the clinical leadership of Anne Gearity PhD, LICSW. It is an intensive treatment model for working with young children who have experienced complex trauma and present with aggressive and disruptive symptoms.

Developmental Status and Early Intervention Service Needs of Maltreated Children (pdf)

added 01/13/2009
J. Losby et al.

"In this report, published by the Institute for Social and Economic Development, the authors analyze findings from the National Early Intervention Longitudinal Study and the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being. They provide information about the developmental status and early intervention service needs of children under age three who are substantiated for maltreatment. Topics include: 1) the extent to which maltreated children have developmental problems or are subject to factors associated with poor developmental outcomes; 2) the services maltreated children might be eligible for and ones they receive through the child welfare systems; 3) case characteristics, such as child welfare setting, that impact the effect of developmental services; and 4) existing barriers to services."

Did You Know Your Relationship Affects Your Health? (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

A tri-fold patient safety card which contains a checklist to assess safety, healthy/unhealthy relationships, and children's exposure to violence. The card also provides resources and information on how to get help.

Did You Know Your Relationship Affects Your Health? (Spanish) (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

A tri-fold patient safety card which contains a checklist to assess safety, healthy/unhealthy relationships, and children's exposure to violence. The card also provides resources and information on how to get help.

Domestic Violence Against Women and Girls (pdf)

added 09/30/2009

"UNICEF's report discusses the scope and magnitude of the problem, causes and consequences of domestic violence, the socio-economic costs of violence, strategies and interventions, and state obligations with regard to domestic violence."

Domestic Violence Against Women and Girls

added 06/11/2008
UNICEF, Innocenti Research Centre (May 2000)

"Highlights issues of abuse; femicide; forced prostitution; sexual abuse of children; sex-selective abortion, female infanticide and differential access to food and medical care; and, traditional and cultural practices that affect women's health and lives."

Domestic Violence Against Women in Albania (pdf)

added 09/30/2009

"This qualitative report examines the prevalence of domestic violence in Albania, including forms of domestic violence and complicating factors."

Domestic Violence and Child Welfare Services

added 05/09/2007
North Carolina Division of Social Services & The Family and Children's Resource Program

Statistics and links to helpful resources and information related to child welfare and domestic violence are provided in this document.

Domestic Violence and Children: Creating a Public Response (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Susan Schechter and Jeffrey L. Edleson

The authors of this paper address children's exposure to domestic violence as a factor in healthy development. Research findings suggest that children who witness domestic violence are often unnoticed and underserved by other agencies in the community. Principles serving as a guiding framework for policy and service are outlined, as well as recommendations for communities and governmental bodies to help children experiencing domestic violence.

Domestic Violence as a Form of Child Abuse: Identification and Prevention

added 04/30/2008
Marianne James

By looking at the ways child exposure to domestic violence manifests itself during the various stages of a child's life, the author documents ways to identify problems in exposed children and discusses specific intervention strategies.

Domestic violence laws in Australia (pdf)

added 11/11/2009

The report analyzes domestic violence legislation in all Australian States and Territories and in New Zealand in order to assist the Australian Government’s National Plan to Reduce Violence Against Women and their Children. The report notes gaps and overlaps between State and Territory domestic violence protection orders and the Family Law Act 1975.

Domestic Violence, Visitations and Custody Decisions in New York Family Courts (pdf)

added 03/13/2003
Chris O'Sullivan, Ph.D.

The study reported here was designed to examine the extent to which visitation or custody was sought and granted in cases involving domestic violence, through a review of Family Court records in New York City.

Dual or Multiple Relationships: Guidelines for Rural Domestic Violence and Child Protection Collaborations (pdf)

added 12/15/2005
Ellie Breitmaier

This is part of a series that was created through a collaboration of the Vermont Network Against Domestic and Sexual Violence, the Vermont Department for Children and Families and the Vermont Center for Crime Victim Services. Part VI discusses actual and perceived conflicts of interest when service providers act in more than one role or relationship, providing recommendations on how to address these dilemmas/questions.

Effective Intervention in Domestic Violence & Child Maltreatment Cases: Guidelines for Policy & Practice (pdf)

added 05/09/2007
Susan Schechter & Jeffrey Edleson (With major contributions by Judge Leonard P. Edwards, Linda Spears, Ann Rosewater, & Elizabeth Ann Stoffel)

This 133 page publication addresses a number of issues relevant to family violence within the home and the community and specifically focuses on interventions. It is intended to offer communities a guiding framework to develop interventions and measure progress as they seek to improve their responses to families experiencing domestic violence and child maltreatment.

Eliminating Violence against Children (pdf)

added 03/13/2009
Inter-Parliamentary Union and UNICEF

"Jointly produced by UNICEF and the Inter-Parliamentary Union, this handbook describes measures parliamentarians can take to end violence against children: they can legislate, oversee government activities, allocate financial resources and, as leaders in their nations and communities, raise awareness of issues."

Emerging issues in domestic/family violence research (pdf)

added 05/28/2010
Lorana Bartels

"This paper presents an overview of the key emerging issues in Australian domestic and family violence research in the context of gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender and intersex communities; the elderly; those with disabilities; people from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds; Indigenous communities; homelessness; the impact on children; and issues around perpetrator programs."

Enhancing Child Safety and Online Technologies

added 02/20/2009

"A Final Report of the Internet Safety Technical Task Force to the Multi-State Working Group on Social Networking of State Attorneys General of the United States. The scope of the Task Force's inquiry was to consider those technologies that industry and end users - including parents - can use to help keep minors safer on the Internet."

Essentials for Childhood: Steps to Create Safe, Stable, and Nurturing Relationships (pdf)

added 02/06/2013
National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Division of Violence Prevention

Safe, stable, and nurturing relationships (SSNRs) are essential to prevent child maltreatment (CM) and to assure that children reach their full potential. This document suggests strategies for communities to consider to promote the types of relationships and environments that help children grow up to be healthy and productive citizens. It is intended for anyone committed to the positive development of children and families, and specifically to the prevention of all forms of CM.

Ethnic Identity and Exposure to Maltreatment in Childhood: Evidence from a New Zealand Birth Cohort

added 12/05/2011
Dannette Marie, David M Fergusson & Joseph M. Boden

"The present study examined the associations between ethnic identity and exposure to childhood maltreatment among a longitudinal birth cohort of individuals born in Christchurch in 1977. Participants of Maori ethnicity reported higher rates of exposure to physical punishment and inter-parental violence, but did not report higher rates of exposure to sexual abuse."

Evaluating Children’s Advocacy Centers’ Response to Child Sexual Abuse (pdf)

added 09/12/2008
Theodore P. Cross, Lisa M. Jones, Wendy A. Walsh, Monique Simone, David J. Kolko, Joyce Szczepanski, Tonya Lippert, Karen Davison, Arthur Cryns, Polly Sosnowski, Amy Shadoin, and Suzanne Magnuson

"With funding from OJJDP, researchers have now completed a four-site evaluation of CACs that, for the first time, contrasts them with comparison communities that did not have a CAC. This Bulletin presents an overview of the results. It examines how CACs affect forensic interviewing, child victim disclosures about abuse, children’s receipt of medical exams and mental health services, prosecution and conviction of offenders, removal of children from their homes, and family satisfaction with child abuse investigations."

Evaluation for Improvement: A Seven-step Empowerment Evaluation Approach for Violence Prevention Organizations (pdf)

added 03/27/2010

"This manual is designed to help violence prevention organizations hire an empowerment evaluator who will assist them in building their evaluation capacity through a learn-by-doing process of evaluating their own strategies. It is for state and local leaders and staff members of organizations, coalitions, government agencies, and/or partnerships working to prevent sexual violence, intimate partner violence, youth violence, suicide, and/or child maltreatment."

Fact Sheet: The Effects of Domestic Violence on Children (pdf)

added 08/11/2008
National Network to End Domestic Violence (Fall 2004)

"Addresses the impact of domestic violence on children and the likelihood that men who abuse their partners will also abuse their children. Lists statistics that reflect the most recent research concerning the effects of domestic violence on children."

Facts on Trauma and Homeless Children (pdf)

added 07/21/2008
Ellen L. Bassuk and Steven M. Friedman, National Child Traumatic Stress Network Homelessness and Extreme Poverty Working Group (2005)

"This document gives a brief overview of homelessness, the impact of trauma on homeless children, and ways homeless shelter programs can provide services to homeless families who have been exposed to trauma."

Failure to Thrive: A Controlled Study of Familial Characteristics

added 09/18/2006

The findings from this case-controlled study reveal that current assumptions regarding inadequate mothering as the cause of failure to thrive among infants is inaccurate. The findings instead suggest that mothers of infants with a FTT possess fewer familial/community support, and were less educated when compared to matched controls.

Family Court Statistics: an overview of Family Court Statistics in New Zealand 2004 to 2008

added 06/08/2010

This bulletin analyzes, between 2004 and 2008, the four main areas that come under the jurisdiction of the Family Court in New Zealand, including family violence and child protection.

Fathering After Violence: Working with Abusive Fathers in Supervised Visitation (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

This guide is intended to assist the grantees of the Safe Havens: Supervised Visitation and Safe Exchange Grant Program that want to enhance the safety and well-being of women and children by working more deliberately with abusive fathers who use the centers to visit their children.

Forging New Collaborations Between Domestic Violence Programs, Child Welfare Services and Communities of Color (pdf)

added 12/19/2003
Nita Carter

This report summarizes the dialogues from the Women of Color Network (WOCN) focus groups on domestic violence and child welfare. Over one hundred (100) domestic violence and sexual assault activists of color participated in these focus groups. The report includes a set of recommendations and highlights from their conversations regarding issues and barriers for battered women with children from communities of color.

Fourth National Incidence Study of Child Abuse and Neglect (NIS-4) (pdf)

added 03/07/2010

"The NIS is a congressionally mandated, periodic research effort to assess the incidence of child abuse and neglect in the United States. The NIS gathers information from multiple sources to estimate the number of children who are abused or neglected, providing information about the nature and severity of the maltreatment, the characteristics of the children, perpetrators, and families, and the extent of changes in the incidence or distribution of child maltreatment since the time of the last national incidence study."

Girls Count: A Global Investment & Action Agenda (pdf)

added 04/07/2010
Ruth Levine, Cynthia Lloyd, Margaret Greene, and Caren Grown, Center for Global Development

"This report describes why and how to initiate effective investments that will give adolescent girls in developing countries a full and equal chance for rewarding lives and livelihoods."

Guide to the Optional Protocol on the involvement of children in armed conflict (pdf)

added 03/18/2009
UNICEF, Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers

"A guide to the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child related to children in armed conflict. It describes the context surrounding its adoption, efforts supporting its objectives, key provisions and the legislative processes involved for signature and ratification or accession."

Guidelines for Public Child Welfare Agencies Serving Children and Families Experiencing Domestic Violence

added 08/19/2003

The guidelines describe model policies, practices, programs, and protocols that address the multiple needs of families and children affected by domestic violence and child maltreatment. They are based on recommendations contained in the Greenbook and on the thoughtful recommendations provided by public child welfare agency directors, domestic violence advocates, child advocates, and legal representatives.

Guidelines for Responding to the Co-occurrence of Child Maltreatment and Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 04/22/2002

The purpose of these Guidelines is to provide direction to child protection staff when responding to situations in which child maltreatment and domestic violence are both occurring.

Guiding Principles for Safe Havens: Supervised Visitation and Safe Exchange Grant Program (pdf)

added 12/13/2009

"This document was designed to guide the development and administration of Supervised Visitation Program centers with an eye toward addressing the needs of child(ren) and adult victims of domestic violence in visitation and exchange settings. The Guiding Principles look beyond the visitation setting to address how communities funded under the Supervised Visitation Program should address domestic violence in the larger community."

Healing the Invisible Wounds: Children's Exposure to Violence A Guide for Families (pdf)

added 08/14/2009

"This booklet helps parents and other caregivers understand the potential impact of exposure to violence on the development of their children, and provides practical suggestions for supporting the healing process."

Health Care Costs Associated with Violence in Pennsylvania (pdf)

added 08/11/2008
Health Services Research (August 2000)

"Reports the impact of violence in Pennsylvania including interpersonal violence (homicide, aggravated assault, rape) domestic violence (partner, child and elder abuse) and self-directed violence (suicide and attempted suicide)."

Healthy Development: A Summit on Children’s Mental Health (pdf)

added 06/14/2010

"This report was compiled from a 2009 Summit that brought together a comprehensive group of stakeholders in child and family mental health with the goal of promoting children’s mental health. The report addresses issues such as the prevalence of children’s mental health, gaps in service, current research and public perceptions of mental health, and provides recommendations."

Healthy Marriage and the Legacy of Child Maltreatment: A Child Welfare Perspective (pdf)

added 01/13/2009
Tiffany Conway and Rutledge Q. Hutson

"This brief explores how childhood experiences, specifically child maltreatment and involvement with the child welfare system, impact the potential for a healthy, lasting marriage. The author also offers recommendations for addressing the unique needs of couples in which one or both partners have experienced childhood maltreatment."

Helping Children Cope with Violence: A School-Based Program That Works (pdf)

added 10/26/2005
A RAND Corporation publication

Violence is one of our most significant public health issues. Children exposed to violence frequently develop post-traumatic stress symptoms. They are more likely to have behavioral problems, poorer school performance, more days of school absence, and feelings of depression and anxiety. School officials are often willing to provide help at school. But these professionals face an important question: What works? There have been no randomized controlled trials of intervention effectiveness with which to answer this question. To fill this gap, a team of clinician-researchers from several institutions collaborated to develop, implement, and evaluate an intervention designed to help children traumatized by violence. The team included professionals from the RAND Corporation, the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), and the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD).

Helping to Prevent Child Abuse and Future Criminal Consequences: Hawaii's Healthy Start (pdf)

added 05/02/1996

Hawaii's Healthy Start program uses home visitors from the community to provide services to at-risk families and to specifically reduce family stress, improve family functioning and parenting skills, enhance child health and development, and prevent child abuse and neglect.

Helping Traumatized Children at School

added 04/16/2010
Kathleen Nader, D.S.W.

A paper that discusses school interventions for traumatized children. It provides some of the guidelines and resources for use when youth's traumas affect their ability to function at school.

Helping Traumatized Children: Tips for Judges (pdf)

added 12/18/2009

"This fact sheet for judges and other court personnel outlines the impact of trauma on children's development, beliefs, and behaviors. It is designed to help professionals in the juvenile justice and family court system become more effective in addressing the unique needs and challenges of the traumatized children and adolescents they work with."

How Are We Measuring Resilience Following Childhood Maltreatment? Is the Research Adequate and Consistent? What is the Impact on Research, Practice, and Policy? (pdf)

added 01/21/2010
Wendy A. Walsh, Jean Dawson, and Marybeth J. Mattingly

"The authors review the literature on resilience following childhood maltreatment and describe how variation in the measurement of outcomes at various developmental stages affects research findings, practice implications, and policy recommendations."

Immigration Reporting Laws: Ethical Dilemmas in Pediatric Practice (pdf)

added 09/25/2008
Paul L. Geltman, MD, MPH, and Alan F. Meyers, MD, MPH

"This study assessed the potential impact of immigration reporting requirements on pediatricians' referrals to child protective services. The study concluded that Pediatricians, as mandated reporters of child abuse, will face ethical dilemmas if laws requiring reporting of immigration status is enacted."

Implementing Evidence-Based Practice in Treatment Foster Care (pdf)

added 03/27/2009

The guide highlights valuable information, references, resources, and tools for implementing Evidence-based Practices (EBPs) in Treatment Foster Care (TFC) service settings. The Resource Guide identifies specific models, interventions, and tools that TFC providers can use to deliver effective services to the children, youth, and families in their care. It also provides “how-to” information to help TFC providers successfully implement desired EBPs in their programs.

In the Best Interest of Women and Children: A Call for Collaboration Between Child Welfare and Domestic Violence Constituencies

added 10/11/2005
Susan Schechter and Jeffrey L. Edleson, Ph.D.

This is a briefing paper prepared for a Wingspread Conference of a similar title. It discusses family violence, specifically against women and children, barriers to helping the victims, and the importance of collaboration to effect change.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Information Sharing in Collaborative Relationship: Domestic Violence and Child Protection (pdf)

added 12/15/2005
Jill Richard

This series was created through a collaboration of the Vermont Network Against Domestic and Sexual Violence, the Vermont Department for Children and Families and the Vermont Center for Crime Victim Services. Part III provides general guidance and possibilities for policy development regarding information sharing between systems and presents avenues for effective inquiry where these issues intersect.

Interpersonal violence and alcohol (pdf)

added 03/27/2010

This report by the World Health Organization presents research on the relation between alcohol and violence. It suggests that alcohol is a situational determinant which increases the risk of most types of violence. Hazardous and harmful use of alcohol has also been shown to be an important consequence of experiencing or witnessing most forms of violence, but especially child maltreatment and intimate partner violence.

Intersection of Child Abuse and Children's Exposure to Domestic Violence

added 09/19/2008
Todd I. Herrenkohl, Cynthia Sousa, Emiko A. Tajima, Roy C. Herrenkohl, Carrie A. Moylan

"This review addresses research on the overlap in physical child abuse and domestic violence, the prediction of child outcomes, and resilience in children exposed to family violence."

Issue Brief: Addressing the Mental Health Impact of Violence and Trauma on Children (pdf)

added 12/12/2011

In addressing the mental health impact of violence and trauma on children, Luest looks into the question of "what is happening to our children" and responds with a well researched look into the experiences of children who are exposed to violence, their behavioral response, and how the system is currently failing them. She finishes with "next steps" for how policymakers, administration and government, communities and families can be more responsive to the needs of children.

Keeping Children Safe When Parents Are Arrested: Local Approaches That Work (pdf)

added 10/20/2008
California State Library and Research Bureau, July 2007

This report presents protocols developed by four California communities that coordinated responses between child welfare services and law enforcement when parents are arrested. The report found that there were decreased trauma rates in the communities, fewer children taken into custody by child protective services, and increased positive interaction between parents, communities, and law enforcement.

Keeping Children Safe: OJJDP's Child Protection Division (pdf)

added 07/23/2001
Thomas Cullen, a Senior Writer-Editor with the Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse

8-page Bulletin posted by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). This Bulletin describes CPD and its efforts to safeguard children by supporting research and programs on child victimization and exposure to violence; providing information and training and technical assistance to State, local, and community-based agencies; and developing and demonstrating effective child protection initiatives. The Bulletin also discusses the rationale for OJJDP's work in the areas of missing and exploited children and child maltreatment and describes the scope of the division's activities.

Learning from Experiences of Battered Immigrant, Refugee and Indegenious Women with Child Protection Services to Inform a Dialogue Among Domestic Violence Activisits and Advocates (pdf)

added 02/23/2004
V. Pualani Enos

This document introduces voices of battered immigrant, refugee and indegenious women who were also involved in Child Protection Services. The document explores how community approach can enhance the physical, spiritual and mental health of individuals, families and communities and how this concept can be well utilized for policy and practice for social services.

Making the Case for Preventing Child Abuse and Neglect: An Overview of Cost Effective Prevention Strategies (pdf)

added 04/01/2009

"This report from the FRIENDS National Resource Center for Community-Based Child Abuse Prevention provides and overview of a range of prevention strategies that have been found to have some evidence of being able to preventing child abuse and neglect. "

Mandatory Reporting of Child Abuse and Neglect: State Statutes and Professional Ethics (pdf)

added 06/03/2009
National District Attorneys Association

A comprehensive listing of state statutes on mandatory reporting of child abuse and neglect. Also included is a listing of reporting requirements and code of ethics for professionals in various fields.

Model Protocol for Advocates Working with Battered Women Involved in the Child Protection System

added 05/10/2005
Lupita Patterson

This protocol includes policy and practice recommendations for advocates who work with battered women involved in the child protection system.

Multi-Agency Practice Guidelines: Handling Cases of Forced Marriage (pdf)

added 08/15/2009
United Kingdom's Forced Marriage Unit

"This report lists warning signs and appropriate actions for teachers and other school employees to take when they suspect a forced marriage of a child is imminent. The report also contains guidelines for police officers, health care professionals, and social workers, and provides general information on good practices when caring for victims of forced marriage."

Multi-disciplinary Teams Including Child Protection Teams Framework for Co-Occuring Domestic Violence and Child Maltreatment (pdf)

added 12/15/2005
Ellie Breitmaier

This series was created through a collaboration of the Vermont Network Against Domestic and Sexual Violence, the Vermont Department for Children and Families and the Vermont Center for Crime Victim Services. Part V describes the structure and purpose of child protection teams, provides guiding questions for domestic violence advocate members of such teams and highlights recommendations.

Not Enough: What TANF Offers Family Violence Victims (pdf)

added 03/31/2010
Timothy Casey, Jill Davies, Annika Gifford, and Anne Menard

Based on a national survey of service providers, this report is a comprehensive effort to understand when TANF successfully assists victims of family violence, and when the program falls short.

Online Victimization of Youth: Five Years Later (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Janis Wolak, Kimberly Mitchell, and David Finkelhor

"This second groundbreaking national survey of 1,500 youth aged 10 to 17 documented their use of the Internet and experiences while online including unwanted exposure to sexual solicitation, sexual material, and harassment. It was produced in cooperation with OJJDP and the University of New Hampshire’s Crimes against Children Research Center and includes recommendations to help make the Internet safer for children."

Parental Alienation Syndrome and Parental Alienation: Research Reviews (pdf)

added 06/14/2009
Joan S. Meier

This VAWnet document provides a historical and research overview of Parental Alienation Syndrome and Parental Alienation, identifies strategic issues for advocates working with victims, and offers guidelines to improve courts’ treatment of these issues.

Poverty and Domestic Violence

added 07/13/2010

"This special collection includes a categorized and selected listing of articles, fact sheets, papers, reports and surveys. It is offered as an additional tool to assist advocates working on and interested in poverty and how it relates to ending violence against women."

Preventing Delinquency Through Improved Child Protection Services (pdf)

added 02/14/2002

2001 Bulletin examines a potentially powerful, yet often overlooked, delinquency prevention strategy: efforts to reduce the incidence of childhood maltreatment.

Preventing violence and reducing its impact: How development agencies can help (pdf)

added 09/09/2009

This document makes the case for increased attention on the impact of violence on development by international development agencies. A key aim is to stimulate dialogue on the role of international development agencies in the prevention of violence globally, and ultimately to increase investment in a commonly agreed set of applied violence prevention strategies. The primary audience for this document is policy-makers, high-level planners, and others in the international development field.

Promising Approaches: Working with Families, Child Welfare and Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 12/17/2009
Massachusetts Department of Children and Families

The purpose of this brochure is to provide a framework for mandated reporters to create family centered approaches when domestic violence is identified and to offer guidelines to assist mandated reporters to assess accurately and sympathetically, the impact of domestic violence on children and their families.

Promoting Court Capacity to Improve Outcomes for Abused and Neglected Children (pdf)

added 10/20/2008
S. Robison, May 2007

"Written for the National Conference of State Legislators, this report outlines strategies for elected officials to raise public awareness of the court’s role in the lives of vulnerable children and families, and strengthen the collaboration between courts and the child welfare system."

Prostitution of Children and Child-Sex Tourism: An Analysis of Domestic and International Responses (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Eva J. Klain, JD, of the American Bar Association Center on Children and the Law

"This paper addresses both domestic and international responses to the prostitution of children within the United States and abroad. The author highlights policy and practice issues regarding the legal system and social-service responses to prostituted children."

Protecting Children from Exposure to Domestic Violence: The Use and Abuse of Child Maltreatment Statutes

added 05/09/2007
Lois A. Weithorn, J.D., Ph.D.

This 145 page article is a comprehensive review and critical discussion about the laws and child protection responses that have shown to be effective.

Realizing the Promise of Home Visitation: Addressing Domestic Violence and Child Maltreatment (pdf)

added 03/07/2010

"This guide is intended to help policy makers and advocates build a strong national policy framework to maximize the effectiveness and reach of early childhood home visiting programs. It is intended to ensure that federal home visiting policies directly address: the needs of mothers and children who are experiencing or at risk of experiencing domestic violence, the link between domestic violence and child abuse and neglect, and the impact of domestic violence on the health and well-being of children and families."

Reasonable Efforts Checklist for Dependency Cases Involving Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 12/13/2009

"This checklist includes easy reference bench cards for judges to consult during removal, adjudication, disposition, review, permanency, and termination hearings involving domestic violence. It is designed to aid judges in making reasonable efforts findings that are required by federal law in dependency cases involving domestic violence."

Reasonable Efforts or Unrealistic Expectations: A Look at Hennepin County Child Protection Cases (pdf)

added 05/25/2010
Marna Anderson, Sarah Coulter and Donna McNamara

"The purpose of this report is to identify ways in which Hennepin County could provide greater support for families throughout the Children in Need of Protection or Services (CHIPS) process and improve the systems in which judges, social workers, and guardians ad litem (GAL) are operating."

Reflections from the Field: Considerations for Domestic Violence Specialists (pdf)

added 08/04/2008
Shellie Taggart and Lauren Litton

"Domestic violence and child protection professionals from multiple states came together to discuss the complexity of systems-change work and the continued need for a social justice framework to guide these efforts. This document is a compilation of their stories and insights as people who have worked as or supported domestic violence specialists dedicated to helping families experiencing the co-occurrence of domestic violence and child maltreatment."

Research Indicating that the Majority of Cases that go to Court as "High Conflict" Contested Custody Cases Have a History of Domestic Violence

added 01/07/2009
Compiled by Professor Joan S. Meier, Esq.

This document, comprised of research from many leading experts in the field of domestic violence, lays out the case that the majority of high conflict child custody disputes have a history of domestic violence.

Responding to the Co-occurrence of Child Maltreatment and Adult Domestic Violence in Hennepin County

added 10/26/2005
Jeffrey L. Edleson, Ph.D. Sandra K. Beeman, Ph.D.M, University of Minnesota

In this report, Drs. Edleson and Beeman and their research assistants detail information collected from a variety of sources during the first half of 1999. Information collection included detailed reporting by child protection screeners and investigators in the Hennepin County Department of Children and Family Services (HCDCFS), consulting with national experts in this area, reviewing published materials on prominent demonstration projects from around the United States and Canada, and holding a series of stakeholder meetings throughout Hennepin County.

Other formats: word

Returning Children Home: Clinical Decision Making in Cases of Child Abuse and Neglect

added 09/18/2006

Interesting findings from this study conclude that race, type of injury (physical or non-physical), as well as class are all significant characteristics that determined whether or not a child was removed from the home and placed with a foster family.

Safe & Together

added 05/27/2009
David Mandel & Associates, LLC

A blog developed by David Mandel & Associates, LLC in which they will be exploring the ideas underpinning the Safe and Together model. The model provides a practical and concrete approach to improving the response of child welfare to the risk and safety concerns presented by batterers. They will be providing practical tips and ideas for policy and practice. All are welcome to participate in the discussion.

Safe Start Center

added 10/22/2010

The Safe Start Center is a website compiling research, resources, service delivery strategies and more for The Safe Start Initiative which is funded by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. The goal of the Safe Start Initiative is to broaden the knowledge of and promote community investment in evidence-based strategies for reducing the impact of children's exposure to violence.

Safe Start Promising Approaches Communities: Working Together to Help Children Exposed to Violence (pdf)

added 11/04/2009

Launched by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention(OJJDP) and its Federal partners in the Department of Justice and the Department of Health and Human Services, the initiative is designed as a national framework which seeks to address the needs of children exposed to violence. This booklet describes each of the 15 Safe Start Promising Approaches communities and outlines how these programs are integrating evidence-based or promising practices as well as other complementary interventions within their geographical, agency, and community contexts.

Screening and Assessment Tools for Child Welfare

added 08/15/2009

Offers an alphabetical listing of screening and assessment tools for child welfare. These tools can be used by workers directly with families, building a common understanding regarding the family's needs, strengths, and resources, and that can be used to measure progress on goals over time.

Security Begins at Home (pdf)

added 02/25/2009

The Kosova Women’s Network released the country’s first study on domestic violence, called Security Begins at Home. The report highlights key points such as: what the citizens of Kosovo perceive as domestic violence, the forms and consequences of domestic violence, citizens' response to ending it, and the legal and institutional gaps in addressing it.

Sharwline Nicholson v. Nicholas Scoppetta - Appeals Decision

added 04/30/2008

This document outlines the Appeals decision regarding the case of Nicholson (filed as a class action in federal court in 2001). This history of this decision is based on the class action lawsuit in which battered mothers and their children in New York City successfully challenged the City child welfare agency's practice and policy of removing children from battered mothers and charging the mothers with child neglect due to domestic violence. The federal court ruled that the practice is unconstitutional under federal law. The case went up on appeal.

Shattered Hearts: The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of American Indian Women and Girls in Minnesota (pdf)

added 10/18/2009

A groundbreaking report released by the Minnesota Indian Women’s Resource Center (MIWRC) highlights the alarming and pervasive sex trafficking of American Indian women and girls in Minnesota. The first comprehensive report of its kind, it highlights risk factors for victims that include poverty, a disproportionate number of American Indian homeless, high incidences of overall sexual assault, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and pervasive multi-generational trauma.

Shattered Lives: Homicides, Domestic Violence and Asian Families (pdf)

added 06/29/2010
Chic Dabby, Hetana Patel and Grace Poore

This report focuses on domestic violence related homicides as a critical issue affecting Asian, Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander battered women since 2001. Types of domestic violence related homicides, children as victims, and perpetrator types are discussed. Findings and recommendations are also provided.

Should Childhood Exposure to Adult Domestic Violence Be Defined as Child Maltreatment Under the Law?

added 10/11/2005

Published as a chapter in Protecting Children From Domestic Violence: Strategies for Community Intervention (2004), this article reviews the research on childhood exposure to domestic violence and emerging laws aimed at protecting these children. The author concludes with an argument against assuming that childhood exposure to violence is automatically a form of child maltreatment and suggests the need to modify child protection services and the expansion of primarily voluntary community-based responses to these children and their families.

Other formats: word

Social Worker's Practice Guide to Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 07/06/2010

A guide created by the Department of Social and Health Services, for social workers working with domestic violence issues in the state of Washington. Includes information on how social workers should work with victims and perpetrators, child assessment of exposure to violence, as well as legal and policy issues in the state.

Status of Girls in Minnesota

added 05/25/2010
Women’s Foundation of Minnesota and the Institute for Women’s Policy Research

"This 2008 report provides detailed information on the status of girls in Minnesota. It also serves as a tool for advocates, researchers, and policy makers in developing a set of interventions that will ensure girls’ economic, social, and political equality in the state. "

Strategies to Improve Supervised Visitation Services in Domestic Violence Cases

added 10/29/2001
M. Sharon Maxwell, LCSW, Ph.D. & Karen Oehme, J.D.

This Violence Against Women Online Resources commissioned document describes the evolution of supervised visitation services for domestic violence cases, notes legal trends in these cases, describes practice concerns, and presents strategies to improve the safety of participants when supervised visitation, due to domestic violence, is court-ordered.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Supervised Visitation Programs: Information for Mothers Who Have Experienced Abuse (pdf)

added 12/13/2009
Jill Davies for Futures Without Violence, formerly the Family Violence Prevention Fund

"This guide was created for mothers who have experienced abuse and whose children are involved in supervised visitation programs. The guide provides information about how the programs work and how mothers can prepare themselves and their children for the experience."

Surveillance for Violent Deaths -- National Violent Death Reporting System, 16 States, 2005

added 04/08/2009

"This report summarizes data from CDC's National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) regarding violent deaths from 16 U.S. states for 2005. Results are reported by sex, age group, race/ethnicity, marital status, location of injury, method of injury, circumstances of injury, and other selected characteristics."

Tagalog Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Tagalog translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Team Decisionmaking and Domestic Violence: An Advanced Training for TDM Facilitators and Child Protection Supervisors (pdf)

added 03/31/2010

"This free advanced domestic violence curriculum outlines safely preparing for and managing effective meetings, engaging parents around domestic violence issues, assessing the impact of children’s exposure to domestic violence, and making decisions and plans to increase safety for children and battered mothers."

Technology Safety & Advocacy Special Collection

added 03/03/2010

This special collection includes a categorized and annotated listing of selected articles, fact sheets, papers, reports and other materials regarding the use of technology as it impacts and intersects with violence against women and children. It is offered as an additional tool to assist advocates working on and interested in the safe use of technology.

The Canadian Child Welfare Response to Cases of Exposure to Domestic Violence: Analysis of the 2003 Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
Tara Black, Nico Trocme, Barbara Fallon, and Bruce MacLaurin

This is a Canadian study, the objective of which was to examine the child welfare system’s response to child maltreatment investigations substantiated for exposure to domestic violence (EDV). The study is based on a secondary analysis of data collected in the 2003 Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect.

The Canadian Child Welfare Response to Cases of Exposure to Domestic Violence: Analysis of the 2003 Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (Cis-2003)

added 04/30/2008
Tara Black, Nico Trocme, Barbara Fallon, and Bruce MacLaurin

This document displays the results of a comparative overview of the child welfare response within Canadian boundaries to child exposure to domestic violence. Implications for policy are discussed.

The Epidemiology of Trauma and Trauma-Related Disorders in Children and Youth (pdf)

added 01/13/2009
John A. Fairbank, PhD

"This publication reviews general population studies, disaster research, child maltreatment studies, and special population studies that report the prevalence of PTSD in children, adolescents, and young adults. It includes a brief discussion of the cumulative adverse effects of traumatic stress experienced from infancy through adolescence."

The Facts on Health Care & Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 08/11/2008

"Statistics on domestic violence incidents highlighting health consequences to the victim, children's health issues, hospital and other health service costs, identification and screening practices in health care settings, and domestic violence during and after pregnancy."

The Greenbook Initiative Final Evaluation Report (pdf)

added 07/02/2008
The Greenbook National Evaluation Team

"The Greenbook national evaluation results are presented in three reports. The Greenbook Demonstration Initiative: Process Evaluation Report: Phase 1 focused on the planning and goal setting phase of the Greenbook initiative in the sites. This final evaluation report assesses the extent to which the Greenbook implementation activities facilitated cross-system and within system change and practice in the child welfare agencies, dependency courts, and domestic violence service providers."

The Impact of Conflict on Women and Girls in West and Central Africa and the UNICEF response (pdf)

added 03/13/2009

"This first-of-its-kind study by UNICEF on the situation of war-affected girls and women in the region highlights innovative programmes being implemented with partners to address the impact of conflict, and recommends how UNICEF can more proactively champion the rights of girls - particularly adolescent girls."

The New Welfare Law: Child Support Enforcement

added 01/09/2006
Attorney Jill Davies

This paper is the last in the series and provides a brief overview of family violence issues in the context of child support enforcement and the establishment of paternity.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

The Origin and True Purpose of the Paddle (pdf)

added 03/07/2010
George Ryley Scott, William H. Grier, M.D. and Price M. Cobbs, M.D.

In this article, the authors explain the origins of paddling in a historical context of slavery, as well as the psychological effects of using corporal punishment on children.

The prevalence of child abuse and neglect

added 05/28/2010
Rhys Price-Robertson, Leah Bromfield and Suzanne Vassallo

"A resource sheet that summarizes the current knowledge about the prevalence of child abuse and neglect in Australia. It provides an overview of Australian studies that have estimated the prevalence of the different forms of child maltreatment."

The Relationship Between Domestic Violence and Child Abuse (pdf)

added 08/11/2008
Prevent Child Abuse America (September 1996)

"Cites surveys and reports published between 1987 and 1996, briefly describing: what is domestic violence; what is child abuse; how does domestic violence affect children; and similarities/correlations between domestic violence and/or child abuse."

The Role of Educators in Preventing and Responding to Child Abuse and Neglect (pdf)

added 02/01/2005
Cynthia Crosson-Tower

This manual, designed to examine the roles that teachers, school counselors, school social workers, school nurses, special education professionals, administrators, and other school personnel have in helping maltreated children, provides the basis for the involvement of educators in combating the problem of child abuse and neglect. It also may be used by other professionals involved in child abuse and neglect interventions, such as child protective services, mental health, law enforcement, health care, and early childhood professionals, to gain a better understanding of the role of educators in child protection.

The Safe Start Center Series on Children Exposed to Violence: Pediatric Care Settings (pdf)

added 11/04/2009
Betsy McAlister Groves, LICSW, and Marilyn Augustyn, MD

This issue brief translates emerging research and program practice into action steps for practitioners in pediatric care settings to design and implement programs that meet the needs of children who are exposed to violence.

The State of the World's Children 2009 Report

added 03/13/2009

"The State of the World's Children 2009 examines critical issues in maternal and newborn health, underscoring the need to establish a comprehensive continuum of care for mothers, newborns and children. The report outlines the latest paradigms in health programming and policies for mothers and newborns, and explores policies, programmes and partnerships aimed at improving maternal and neonatal health. Africa and Asia are a key focus for this report, which complements the previous year's issue on child survival."

The Troubling Admission of Supervised Visitation Records in Custody Proceedings

added 02/06/2003
Nat Stern and Karen Oehme

This document, originally published in Vol. 75, No.2 of the Temple Law Review, explores the purpose of supervised visitation programs and the legal community's call for their development. At the core of this document is an examination of the standards and guidelines of these programs, as well as the issues surrounding the use and admissibility of observation reports used by these programs.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Training Child Welfare Workers on Domestic Violence

added 06/20/2000
Randy H. Magen, Ph.D. and Kathryn Conroy, DSW

Final Report, June 1998. In October of 1995, the Columbia University School of Social Work (CUSSW) was awarded funds to train public child welfare workers to understand and intervene appropriately with families where there was concurrent child abuse or neglect and woman abuse. This objective was accomplished by designing, implementing, and evaluating a competency-based training curriculum on domestic violence for direct service workers in the New York City Administrationm for Children's Services (ACS). The training curriculum was designed to impact worker's attitudes toward domestic violence, provide them with knowledge and skills for assessing domestic violence, and enhance their practice with families in which there is woman abuse. This paper is the final report CUSSW's project.

UN study on Violence Against Children

added 03/13/2009

"A press release on a new effort to provide a detailed global picture of the nature, extent and causes of violence against children, and propose clear recommendations for action to prevent and reduce such violence. The study focuses on violence against children in five settings: the home and family, schools and educational settings, other institutional settings (orphanages, children in conflict with the law), the community and on the streets, and work situations. "

Understanding and Protecting Your Children from Child Molesters and Predators

added 06/11/2008
Cory Jewell Jensen and Steve Jensen for Oprah.com (2002)

"This packet provides information about child molesters and some of the things you, your family and community can do to help keep children safe."

Understanding Children’s Exposure to Violence (pdf)

added 11/04/2009
Elena Cohen, Betsy McAlister Groves, and Kristen Kracke

The Safe Start Center has developed a series of briefs on Children Exposed to Violence. The briefs are developed to respond to an urgent need to translate research-based information and disseminate it to practitioners who can use it in their work with children and families in different settings. This particular brief describes core concepts—gleaned from research and program practice—used in designing and implementing programs that address children’s exposure to violence.

Vermont's Model Protocol: Law Enforcement Response to Children at the Scene of a Domestic Violence Incident (pdf)

added 03/12/2010
The Vermont Network Against Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault, Vermont Social and Rehabilitative Services, and Vermont Criminal Justice Training Council

"The intent of this protocol is to assist law enforcement officers in their response to children at the scene of domestic violence incidents. In addition, the protocol outlines an effective response which includes: assessing whether children have been physically harmed, minimizing the impact and repercussions to children who are present, empowering children as much as possible in the process, maintaining victim safety, and maintaining batterer accountability."

Violence in the Lives of Children (pdf)

added 04/01/2009
Brett V. Brown, Ph.D, and Sharon Bzostek, Child Trends

"This data brief from Child Trends reviews data on the types of violence experienced by U.S. children, including exposure to violence through media to abuse by parents and peers. Differences by age, gender, and race/ethnicity are discussed along with priorities for filling gaps in the data that is available on this topic."

Vulnerable Children - Can administrative data be used to identify children at risk of adverse outcomes? (pdf)

added 11/07/2012
Rhema Vaithianathan, PhD (lead investigator), Centre for Applied Research in Economics (CARE), Department of Economics, University of Auckland

The Ministry of Social Development commissioned the University of Auckland to consider how predictive modelling could be used to target early intervention to reduce the risk of child abuse and neglect, and improve outcomes for children and young people. This research indicates that predicting risk modelling had a fair, approaching good, power in predicting which of the young children having contact with the benefit system would be the subject of substantiated maltreatment by age five. This report provides further detail on the predictive risk modelling system for Vulnerable Children.

What About Me? Coping with the abduction of a brother or sister (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

"This booklet is based largely on input from eight children who have experienced the abduction of a brother or sister by a nonfamily member. It is designed to provide help, support, and guidance to children who are going through this type of trauma. "

What Is Trauma and Why Is It Important? (pdf)

added 04/07/2010

This is the first issue in a series focusing on trauma and child welfare systems. This issue defines trauma and describes its significance. Successive issues will highlight childhood trauma in the context of culture and identify ways in which child welfare systems can best respond to children.

When Battered Women Stay... Advocacy Beyond Leaving

added 06/18/2008
Jill Davies

"This paper raises the key issues, questions, and dilemmas regarding advocacy with battered women who stay in their relationships. It discusses the limitations of safety strategies for leaving, and frames the issues central to the expansion of advocacy beyond leaving, including: 1) safety planning and advocacy with victims who stay; 2) ending violent and controlling behavior; and 3) knowing what children need to be OK."

When Children Experience Domestic Violence: Expert Opinion

added 04/30/2008
National Coalition for Child Protection Reform

This document includes a summary of a ruling made by a New York Judge to stop removing children from battered women because children of such women are exposed to domestic violence.

Working with Children Towards a Healthy & Non-Violent Future

added 06/11/2008

"This Special Collection provides a unique perspective on working with children (younger than 13 years of age), focusing on theories and strategies for raising respectful, non-violent people. Resources included here discuss child development and how to utilize this knowledge when implementing primary prevention strategies that foster healthy attitudes and behaviors"


Class/race/ethnicity

Activist Dialogues: How Domestic Violence and Child Welfare Impact Women of Color and Their Communities (pdf)

added 06/16/2005
Futures Without Violence

This report offers an analysis and recommendations to address the impact of domestic violence and child welfare systems in communities of color. Six culture-specific organizations were partnered with to create a multi-dimensional analysis for this report. The Dialogues section offers analysis and describes some of the common findings and issues, while the Recommendations section addresses these issues. Thus, critiques and system changes go hand in hand, and are offered in the spirit of constructive engagement and strengthening communities

Adaptation Guidelines for Serving Latino Children and Families Affected by Trauma (pdf)

added 01/13/2009
Chadwick Center for Children and Families, Rady Children’s Hospital - San Diego

"This document was created by experts in the fields of child trauma research, clinical practice, policy and cultural diversity to serve as a resource for anyone who works with Latino families who have experienced traumatic events. There are 12 priority areas covered ranging from micro issues (assessment and provision of therapy) to macro issues (organizational competence and policy). Each one includes an overview of the priority area, recommendations for improving practice based on that priority area, and additional resources for further information. Portions of these guidelines are geared for advocates and therapists, while other priority areas are designed for program administrators and policy makers."

American Indians and Crime (pdf)

added 07/07/2008
Lawrence Greenfield and Steven Smith, U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics

"Reports rates and characteristics of violent crimes experienced by Native Americans and summarizes data on Native Americans in the criminal justice system."

Battered Women Involved with Child Protective Services: Learning from Immigrant, Refugee and Indigenous Women's Experiences (pdf)

added 08/23/2010
V. Pualani Enos

"The purpose of this study was to learn how CPS can be more responsive to families experiencing domestic violence and child abuse and neglect; learn how domestic violence advocates can be more effective in helping clients to respond to allegations of or actual child abuse and neglect and CPS interventions; explore how community can be more responsive to partner abuse and child abuse and neglect and provide support to families involved with CPS; and experiment with a research design that accomplishes the first step of participatory research and at the same time empowers advocates and survivors."

Child Abuse and Accidents in Black Families: A Controlled Comparative Study

added 09/18/2006

This study identified significant socioeconomic factors that increased the stress in families. Controlled comparative samples of children were used and matched on the basis of race, SES and age.

Child Abuse Incidence and Reporting by Hospitals: Significance of Severity, Class, and Race

added 09/18/2006

The study summarizes the data collected from a study that measured the variation in treatment and child protection cases reported by hospital workers. Findings suggested that race, the income and living situation of the family, alleged offender responsible for the child abuse, as well as the degree and type of abuse that occurred were all factors that dictated whether or not a hospital filed a report with child protection on behalf of the child's safety.

Chinese Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Chinese translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Expanding Solutions for Domestic Violence and Poverty: What Battered Women with Abused Children Need from Their Advocates

added 01/13/2006
Susan Schechter

This paper was originally delivered as a talk at the Violence Institute of New Jersey, June 21, 2000. This paper discusses the links between the abuse of women and the maltreatment of their children and the connection between domestic violence and poverty.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Forging New Collaborations Between Domestic Violence Programs, Child Welfare Services and Communities of Color (pdf)

added 12/19/2003
Nita Carter

This report summarizes the dialogues from the Women of Color Network (WOCN) focus groups on domestic violence and child welfare. Over one hundred (100) domestic violence and sexual assault activists of color participated in these focus groups. The report includes a set of recommendations and highlights from their conversations regarding issues and barriers for battered women with children from communities of color.

Helping Young Children Affected by Domestic Violence: The Role of Pediatric Health Settiings (pdf)

added 11/17/2004
Betsy McAlister Groves and Ken Fox

This paper is part of series of paper that addresses the way to mobilize community and programatic resources to provide responsive help to children and families affected both by domestic violence and poverty. This particular paper addresses importance of pediatric health care and mental health care in addressing domestic violence.

Korean Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Korean translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Learning from Experiences of Battered Immigrant, Refugee and Indegenious Women with Child Protection Services to Inform a Dialogue Among Domestic Violence Activisits and Advocates (pdf)

added 02/23/2004
V. Pualani Enos

This document introduces voices of battered immigrant, refugee and indegenious women who were also involved in Child Protection Services. The document explores how community approach can enhance the physical, spiritual and mental health of individuals, families and communities and how this concept can be well utilized for policy and practice for social services.

Little Children Are Sacred: Exploring Accountability to Australia's Aboriginal Children

added 07/13/2010

This collection explores accountability to aboriginal children in the Northern Territory of Australia through a critical analysis of government action (and inaction) - presented generally as its follow-up to recommendations in the Little Children are Sacred report of 2007 - and a review of the community-based response to the government interventions.

No One to Turn To: The Under-Reporting of Child Sexual Exploitation and Abuse by Aid Workers and Peacekeepers (pdf)

added 09/21/2010

No One to Turn To seeks to move the debate on and reinvigorate efforts to address the problem of the under-reporting of child sexual exploitation and abuse by aid workers and peacekeepers. Based on research with communities and international organizations, it examines the chronic under-reporting of abuse and the inadequate response to it. It provides new analysis on why this abuse persists despite international efforts to stop it, and proposes new solutions to tackle it.
Also available in French

Police in the Lives of Young Children Exposed to Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 11/17/2004
Miriam Berkman and Dean Esserman

This paper is part of series of paper that addresses the way to mobilize community and programatic resources to provide responsive help to children and families affected both by domestic violence and poverty. This particular paper explores the important roles the police officer can play in assisting children and families experiencing domestic violence.

Preliminary Adaptations for Working with Traumatized Latino/Hispanic Children and Their Families (pdf)

added 11/30/2010

The Culture and Trauma Briefs series serves to support the NCTSN commitment to raising the standard of care for traumatized children, their families, and their communities by highlighting the diversity of needs and experiences of those children, families, and communities.
This report was developed through information gathered via a preliminary focus group of bilingual/bicultural therapists at a children's hospital in California to address the needs of diverse Latino populations seeking care.

Punjabi Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/23/2010

"Punjabi translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Reasonable Efforts or Unrealistic Expectations: A Look at Hennepin County Child Protection Cases (pdf)

added 05/25/2010
Marna Anderson, Sarah Coulter and Donna McNamara

"The purpose of this report is to identify ways in which Hennepin County could provide greater support for families throughout the Children in Need of Protection or Services (CHIPS) process and improve the systems in which judges, social workers, and guardians ad litem (GAL) are operating."

Returning Children Home: Clinical Decision Making in Cases of Child Abuse and Neglect

added 09/18/2006

Interesting findings from this study conclude that race, type of injury (physical or non-physical), as well as class are all significant characteristics that determined whether or not a child was removed from the home and placed with a foster family.

Security Begins at Home (pdf)

added 02/25/2009

The Kosova Women’s Network released the country’s first study on domestic violence, called Security Begins at Home. The report highlights key points such as: what the citizens of Kosovo perceive as domestic violence, the forms and consequences of domestic violence, citizens' response to ending it, and the legal and institutional gaps in addressing it.

Shattered Hearts: The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of American Indian Women and Girls in Minnesota (pdf)

added 10/18/2009

A groundbreaking report released by the Minnesota Indian Women’s Resource Center (MIWRC) highlights the alarming and pervasive sex trafficking of American Indian women and girls in Minnesota. The first comprehensive report of its kind, it highlights risk factors for victims that include poverty, a disproportionate number of American Indian homeless, high incidences of overall sexual assault, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and pervasive multi-generational trauma.

Shattered Lives: Homicides, Domestic Violence and Asian Families (pdf)

added 06/29/2010
Chic Dabby, Hetana Patel and Grace Poore

This report focuses on domestic violence related homicides as a critical issue affecting Asian, Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander battered women since 2001. Types of domestic violence related homicides, children as victims, and perpetrator types are discussed. Findings and recommendations are also provided.

Status of Girls in Minnesota

added 05/25/2010
Women’s Foundation of Minnesota and the Institute for Women’s Policy Research

"This 2008 report provides detailed information on the status of girls in Minnesota. It also serves as a tool for advocates, researchers, and policy makers in developing a set of interventions that will ensure girls’ economic, social, and political equality in the state. "

Tagalog Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Tagalog translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

The Impact of Conflict on Women and Girls in West and Central Africa and the UNICEF response (pdf)

added 03/13/2009

"This first-of-its-kind study by UNICEF on the situation of war-affected girls and women in the region highlights innovative programmes being implemented with partners to address the impact of conflict, and recommends how UNICEF can more proactively champion the rights of girls - particularly adolescent girls."

The Unclaimed Children Revisited, California Case Study (pdf)

added 06/14/2010
Janice L. Cooper, Yumiko Aratani, Rachel Masi, Patti Banghart, Sarah Dababnah, Ayana Douglas-Hall, Alex L. Tavares, and Shannon Stagman

"The purpose of the California Case Study is to identify, document, and analyze effective fiscal, infrastructural, and related policies that support research-informed practices for mental health services to children and adolescents in California."

Trafficking and Forced Prostitution of Palestinian Women and Girls: Forms of Modern Day Slavery

added 12/17/2009
SAWA – All the Women Together Today and Tomorrow

"The first, in-depth study of its kind within the region that digs deeper to unravel the layers of this type of abuse. The paper analyzes six case studies — two on fathers selling their daughters, three on traffickers and one on a woman working in prostitution. It assesses and measures the extent of women trafficking in the Palestinian region in order to call on civil society organizations and Palestinian governmental institutions to take urgent and concrete actions against this human rights violation."

Other formats: pdf

Victim Services: Promising Practices in Indian Country (pdf)

added 06/16/2005
Office for Victims of Crime

This monograph describes promising practices for meeting the needs of victims of violence and domestic and family abuse in Indian Country. Each of the 12 program summaries includes a description of the program’s activities, keys to its success, basic demographic data (e.g., service area and population), and contact information.

Vietnamese Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 06/29/2010

Vietnamese translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence.

Violence in the Lives of Children (pdf)

added 04/01/2009
Brett V. Brown, Ph.D, and Sharon Bzostek, Child Trends

"This data brief from Child Trends reviews data on the types of violence experienced by U.S. children, including exposure to violence through media to abuse by parents and peers. Differences by age, gender, and race/ethnicity are discussed along with priorities for filling gaps in the data that is available on this topic."

Working with Young Children and Their Families: Recommendations for Domestic Violence Agencies and Batterer Intervention Programs (pdf)

added 11/17/2004
Abigail Gewirtz and Resma Menakem

This paper is part of series of papers that addresses the way to mobilize community and programatic resources to provide responsive help to children and families affected both by domestic violence and poverty. This particular paper addresses the way to offer support and safety for children while maintaining safety, autonomy and choide for battered women.


Consequences

15 Years of the United Nations Rapporteur on Violence against Women, Its Causes and Consequences (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

This report reviews the status of violence against women as researched in 14 annual reports, 32 country mission reports, and 11 communication reports published as recently as December 2008. The report focuses on reproductive health and rights, poverty, migration, internally displaced persons (IDPs), women refugees, trafficking, aging, and adolescent girls. It also highlights how the mandate on violence against women has changed, what has been learned, and problems still to be addressed.

A Coordinated Response to Child Abuse and Neglect: The Foundation for Practice

added 02/01/2005
Jill Goldman, Marsha Salus, Deborah Wolcott and Kristie Kennedy

Written for new child protective services (CPS) caseworkers, professionals working with children and families, other professionals and concerned community members, this manual addresses the definition, scope, causes, and consequences of child abuse and neglect. It presents an overview of prevention efforts and the child protection process from identification and reporting through investigation and assessment to service provision and case closure.

A Judicial Checklist for Children and Youth Exposed to Violence (Informational Reading) (pdf)

added 01/22/2007

A technical assistance brief that addresses the need for judges to understand the impact violence has on children and adolescents. The detailed checklist outlining information for judges to consider is located separate from this material.

About Domestic Violence: Effects On Children & Teens

added 05/09/2007

A discussion about the impact of domestic violence characterizes this document, and is supplemented with a review of the impact at the various stages of child development.

Abuse of Children by Priests in the Boston Archdiocese: Violations of Applicable Standards of Care

added 09/19/2006

This article outlines the history of child abuse by priests in a local diocese and outlines the consequences/outcomes from several fundamental cases. Ethical considerations and standards of care are also addressed.

Advocacy Matters: Helping Mothers and Their Children Involved with the Child Protection System (pdf)

added 08/06/2004
Futures Without Violence

This publication gives domestic violence experts the information they need to deal successfully with child protection systems and to help battered mothers whose children have been removed from their care. Advocacy Matters includes general information and tips that help advocates better address the needs of battered mothers and their children.

An Update on the Cycle of Violence (pdf)

added 05/22/2003
Cathy S. Widom and Michael G. Maxfield

This document presents updated results of a longitudinal study that compared the arrest records of abused and/or neglected children with arrest records for children who were not abused or maltreated.

Assessing Risk To Children From Batterers (pdf)

added 06/16/2005
Lundy Bancroft and Jay G. Silverman

This document provides an overview of potential sources of physical and psychological injury to children from contact with batterers, details recommendations for evaluating the risk to children and provides assessment guidelines that professionals can apply in cases where a batterer admits to a history of abusiveness by asserting that he has changed. Information is also provided regarding the necessary context for children's recovery from exposure to battering behavior.

Bonding and Attachment in Maltreated Children: Consequences of Emotional Neglect in Childhood

added 04/06/2007
Bruce D. Perry

This article is designed for parents, teachers and working professionals interested in learning about attachment and how it is affected by emotional absences in early development.

Boys will be Boys: Understanding the Impact of Child Maltreatment and Family Violence on the Sexual, Reproductive, and Parenting Behaviors of Young Men (pdf)

added 06/25/2010
Abby Kahn and Pat Paluzzi, Healthy Teen Network

A paper on the impact of physical, sexual, and psychological abuse, and exposure to family violence on the sexual, reproductive, and parenting behaviors of young men.

Child Abuse and Neglect Fatalities: Statistics and Interventions (pdf)

added 04/01/2009

"This 2008 brief report presents statistical information on maltreatment-related fatalities of children including who are the victims and perpetrators and how communities often respond. "

Child Abuse: Statistics, Research, and Resources

added 01/19/2000
Jim Hopper, Ph.D. at the Boston University School of Medicine

Gives historical contexts, sources of statistics, and statistical tools. Also includes official statistics on child abuse for the United States, Canada, Australia, and England. Discusses the prevalance of the sexual abuse of boys and the effects of child abuse, and gives resources for parents and caregivers.

Child Abuse: The Current Theory Base and Future Research Needs

added 09/18/2006

This study briefly summarizes the literature findings on the effects and theories behind child abuse and then addresses implications for the future.

Child Maltreatment 2006 Report (pdf)

added 04/01/2009

"The latest Child Maltreatment annual report reports statistical data from the states on reports of maltreatment, characteristics of the children involved and their perpetrators, fatalities tied to maltreatment, and services provided to prevent maltreatment or to address the consequences of maltreatment."

Child sexual abuse and subsequent offending and victimization: A 45 year follow-up study

added 09/19/2012
James RP Ogloff, Margaret C Cutajar, Emily Mann and Paul Mullen

This study investigates whether a disproportionate number of Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) victims subsequently perpetrate offences and experience future victimisation compared with people who have not been sexually abused. In a sample of 2,759 CSA victims who were abused between 1964 and 1995, it was found CSA victims were almost five times more likely than the general population to be charged with any offence than their non-abused counterparts, with strongest associations found for sexual and violent offences. This research highlights the need for therapeutic interventions targeted at adolescent male CSA victims, particularly with regard to offender treatment programs, where many programs currently do not allow for exploration of offenders’ own sexual victimisation.

Child Sexual Abuse and Subsequent Psychopathology: Results From the National Comorbidity Survey (pdf)

added 08/19/2008
Beth E. Molnar, ScD, Stephen L. Buka, ScD, and Ronald C. Kessler, PhD

"This study examines the relationship between child sexual abuse (CSA) and subsequent onset of psychiatric disorders, accounting for other childhood adversities, CSA type, and chronicity of the abuse."

Child Witnesses to Domestic Violence - Common Questions

added 04/30/2008
The Massachusetts Coalition Against Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence

Frequently Asked Questions about child witnessing of domestic violence are answered along with information about how children are impacted, the long-term effects, and how to help.

Childhood Victimization and Delinquency, Adult Criminality, and Violent Criminal Behavior: A Replication and Extension (pdf)

added 06/04/2003
Diana J. English Ph.D.; Cathy Spatz Widom Ph.D.; Carol Brandford MSW

This study confirms previous research that shows a strong relationship between all types of child abuse (physical, sexual, and emotional) and neglect and delinquency, adult criminality, and violent criminal behavior. The authors analyzed 877 substantiated cases of child maltreatment in court records from the mid-1980s and compared them with a control group of matched children.

Childhood Victimization: Early Adversity, Later Psychopathology (pdf)

added 05/22/2003
Cathy Spatz Widom

This article examines the long-term consequences of childhood victimization and examines outcomes later in life.

Children and Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 05/09/2007
Steve Cohen

This document is based on a presentation done by Steve Cohen. It reviews the impact of exposure to domestic violence on children, the scope of the problem, and a variety of resources are also provided.

Children and Family Violence: The Unnoticed Victims

added 05/20/1996
Gabrielle M. Maxwell of New Zealand's Office of the Commissioner for Children

May 1994 report based on a New Zealand study. This document goes into detail about child exposure to domestic violence and the consequences of such witnessing.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Children as Victims (pdf)

added 11/02/2000
John J. Wilson, Acting Administrator

May 2000. This 23-page Bulletin was derived from "Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 1999 National Report." It is one of a series of Bulletins designed to give readers quick access to some of the most critical data from the wealth of data in the 222-page Report, which was compiled for OJJDP by the National Center for Juvenile Justice. This Bulletin documents the impact of crime on society's most vulnerable victims--children.

Children Exposed to Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
Rhode Island Kids Count

In this brief, an outline is provided that details the domestic violence problem, how it effects children by age and gender, the connection between DV and child abuse, and Rhode Islands specific efforts to combat the problem.

Children Exposed to Violence: A Teacher's Handbook to Increase Understanding and Improve Community Responses (pdf)

added 10/30/2003
L.L. Baker, P.G. Jaffe, L.M. Ashbourne & J. Carter

This 26-page resource helps educators understand how violence affects children at different ages, what teachers may see in the classroom, teaching strategies, handling parent-attended events, and supporting students who disclose.

Children's Exposure to Domestic Violence: A Guide to Research and Resources (pdf)

added 01/22/2007
Alicia Summers

Published in collaborative work with the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, this document outlines: the impace of domestic violence on children, the legal issues and system responses affecting children exposed to domestic violence, and provides useful resources which address this specific area of interest.

Children's Exposure to Violence: The Safe Start Initiative (pdf)

added 02/14/2002
Kracke, K. , U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

This April 2001 Factsheet presents an overview of the Safe Start Initiative. Researchers estimate that as many as 10 million U.S. children witness or are victims of violence in their homes or communities each year. The Safe Start Initiative, which was developed by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention in partnership with the Office of Justice Programs and the Department of Health and Human Services, is designed to prevent and reduce the impact of violence on young children and their families through the development of comprehensive and collaborative service delivery systems.

Children, Young People and Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 05/09/2007
Lesley Laing

The author explores "the ways in which children and young people experience domestic violence," as well as the impact it has on child development and the response by professionals and the child protection system is also reviewed.

Corporal Punishment in Adolescence and Physical Assaults on Spouses in Later Life: What Accounts for the Link? (pdf)

added 11/19/2008
MURRAY A. STRAUS AND CARRIE L. YODANIS

"Using data on 4,401 couples who participated in the National Family Violence Survey, this article reports modeling of cultural norms or other processes that could account for the link between corporal punishment and partner violence. Because corporal punishment of adolescents occurs in over half of U.S. families, the findings suggest that elimination of this practice can reduce some of the psychological and social processes that increase the likelihood of future marital violence and perhaps other violence as well."

Corporal Punishment of Children and Adult Depression and Suicidal Ideation

added 07/16/2001

Article that discusses the physical and psychological effects of child abuse.

Defining Child Exposure to Domestic Violence as Neglect: Minnesota's Difficult Experience (pdf)

added 08/16/2011
feffrey L. Edleson, fenny Gassman-Pines, and Marissa B. Hill

The 1999 the Minnesota legislature amended the definition of child neglect to include a child's exposure to family violence. This article reconstructs how Minnesota's legislature made this change, its consequences, and the lessons that may be drawn from this experience.

Developmental Status and Early Intervention Service Needs of Maltreated Children (pdf)

added 01/13/2009
J. Losby et al.

"In this report, published by the Institute for Social and Economic Development, the authors analyze findings from the National Early Intervention Longitudinal Study and the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being. They provide information about the developmental status and early intervention service needs of children under age three who are substantiated for maltreatment. Topics include: 1) the extent to which maltreated children have developmental problems or are subject to factors associated with poor developmental outcomes; 2) the services maltreated children might be eligible for and ones they receive through the child welfare systems; 3) case characteristics, such as child welfare setting, that impact the effect of developmental services; and 4) existing barriers to services."

Do Children Sexually Abuse Other Children? (pdf)

added 11/30/2005

This is a piece of education material intended for all audiences that overviews childhood sexual abuse and the high incidence rates of children under the age of 18 years that are perpetrators.

Effects of Domestic Violence on Children

added 05/09/2007
Binnie LeHew, Violence Prevention Coordinator

Binnie discusses the resulting behaviors and manifestations of child exposure to domestic violence, variables/demographics that impact the response, and patterns of abuse, with a focus on Iowa laws.

Effects of Domestic Violence on Children and Adolescents: An Overview

added 07/12/2004
Joseph S. Volpe, Ph.D., B.C.E.T.S.

The article examines the prevalence and domestic violence as a cause of traumatic stress in children.

Healthy Marriage and the Legacy of Child Maltreatment: A Child Welfare Perspective (pdf)

added 01/13/2009
Tiffany Conway and Rutledge Q. Hutson

"This brief explores how childhood experiences, specifically child maltreatment and involvement with the child welfare system, impact the potential for a healthy, lasting marriage. The author also offers recommendations for addressing the unique needs of couples in which one or both partners have experienced childhood maltreatment."

Helping Children Cope with Violence: A School-Based Program That Works (pdf)

added 10/26/2005
A RAND Corporation publication

Violence is one of our most significant public health issues. Children exposed to violence frequently develop post-traumatic stress symptoms. They are more likely to have behavioral problems, poorer school performance, more days of school absence, and feelings of depression and anxiety. School officials are often willing to provide help at school. But these professionals face an important question: What works? There have been no randomized controlled trials of intervention effectiveness with which to answer this question. To fill this gap, a team of clinician-researchers from several institutions collaborated to develop, implement, and evaluate an intervention designed to help children traumatized by violence. The team included professionals from the RAND Corporation, the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), and the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD).

Helping to Prevent Child Abuse and Future Criminal Consequences: Hawaii's Healthy Start (pdf)

added 05/02/1996

Hawaii's Healthy Start program uses home visitors from the community to provide services to at-risk families and to specifically reduce family stress, improve family functioning and parenting skills, enhance child health and development, and prevent child abuse and neglect.

Human Trafficking of Children in the United States: A Fact Sheet for Schools (pdf)

added 12/05/2007
U.S. Department of Education

"This fact sheet was developed for those working in school settings and provides an overview of human trafficking, how it affects schools, tips for identifying victims, and steps for reporting human trafficking."

Identifying and Responding to Domestic Violence: Consensus Recommendations for Child and Adolescent Health

added 03/21/2003

The guidelines offered here provide specific recommendations for screening and responding to domestic violence in child health settings, which provide a unique and important opportunity to screen for domestic violence and to educate parents about the impact of such violence on children. These guidelines also speak to the need for child health providers to engage in, model, and take leadership in delivering effective primary prevention of domestic violence, as well as other types of family and community violence, by highlighting violence prevention during well child and other routine visits, as a component of routine anticipatory guidance.

In the Best Interest of Women and Children: A Call for Collaboration Between Child Welfare and Domestic Violence Constituencies

added 10/11/2005
Susan Schechter and Jeffrey L. Edleson, Ph.D.

This is a briefing paper prepared for a Wingspread Conference of a similar title. It discusses family violence, specifically against women and children, barriers to helping the victims, and the importance of collaboration to effect change.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

In Their Own Words: Trauma survivors and professionals they trust tell what hurts, what helps, and what is needed for trauma services (pdf)

added 04/07/2011
Ann Jennings, Ph.D and Ruth O. Ralph, Ph.D.

The purpose of this report is to capture and publish information from an exhaustive needs assessment process conducted over a period of nine months. In Their Own Words is the work of over 200 courageous women and men in the State of Maine who have dared to hope that the truth and wisdom of their experience will be heard by those in power, and that Maine’s mental health and human service systems will respond to the long ignored plight of children and adults traumatized by histories of interpersonal violence.

Intergenerational Transmission of Partner Violence: A 20-Year Prospective Study (pdf)

added 08/20/2003
Miriam K. Ehrensaft and Patricia Cohen, Jocelyn Brown, Elizabeth Smailes, Henian Chen, and Jeffrey G. Johnson

An unselected sample of 543 children was followed over 20 years to test the independent effects of parenting, exposure to domestic violence between parents (ETDV), maltreatment, adolescent disruptive behavior disorders, and emerging adult substance abuse disorders (SUDs) on the risk of violence to and from an adult partner.

Interpersonal violence and alcohol (pdf)

added 03/27/2010

This report by the World Health Organization presents research on the relation between alcohol and violence. It suggests that alcohol is a situational determinant which increases the risk of most types of violence. Hazardous and harmful use of alcohol has also been shown to be an important consequence of experiencing or witnessing most forms of violence, but especially child maltreatment and intimate partner violence.

Intervention Strategies with Child Maltreating Men (pdf)

added 02/07/2005
Barry Salovitz

This document outlines the importance of healthy parenting following child maltreatment and adds to our understanding of adult male maltreatment intervention by offering some important insights and actionable recommendations.

Issue Brief: Addressing the Mental Health Impact of Violence and Trauma on Children (pdf)

added 12/12/2011

In addressing the mental health impact of violence and trauma on children, Luest looks into the question of "what is happening to our children" and responds with a well researched look into the experiences of children who are exposed to violence, their behavioral response, and how the system is currently failing them. She finishes with "next steps" for how policymakers, administration and government, communities and families can be more responsive to the needs of children.

Learning to Listen, Learning to Help: Understanding Woman Abuse and Its Effects on Children (pdf)

added 03/17/2005
Linda Baker & Alison Cunningham

A concise handbook for students and volunteers entering the helping professions, to prepare them to recognize and respond to families in which there is or was violence at home. Topics include background material on the dynamics of woman abuse, the concept of power and control, facts and figures, how to support women and help them find appropriate resources, how children are affected by violence, how children cope with violence at home, how to respond to child disclosure of abuse and neglect, standards of professional conduct, taking stock of your own attitudes, and suggestions for how you can make a difference to end violence.

Little eyes, little ears: How violence against a mother shapes children as they grow (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
Alison Cunningham & Linda Baker

This comprehensive 44 page document is divided by topics that cover facts and figures, types of abuse against women and children, ways a child can be impacted by domestic violence, myths about women and abuse, copin strategies, and responding and reporting, among others.

Mothers of Sexually Abused Children: Trauma and Repair in Longitudinal Perspective

added 09/18/2006

This study addressed the increase in maternal psychological stress that develops following the disclosure of their child's sexual abuse. A mother's stress is often correlated and associated with the child's coping skills and level of stress, thus it is extremely important to work with mother on relieving/alleviating their stress so as to in turn work the child at healing from their sexual trauma.

Online Victimization: A Report on the Nation's Youth

added 11/02/2000
David Finkelhor, Kimberly J. Mitchell, Janis Wolak for the Crimes Against Children Research Center

Study that looks at the online victimization of youths, the affect that this abuse has on children, and how to keep children safe.

Overview of the Portable Guides to Investigating Child Abuse: Update 2000 (pdf)

added 03/27/2000
Janet McNaughton

This 10-page Bulletin is available from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). It covers the recognition of injuries caused by abuse, techniques for collecting evidence and for interviewing victims and witnesses, formation of multidisciplinary investigative teams, and the use of computers in the sexual victimization of children.

Parenting in the Context of Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 08/06/2003
Jeffrey L. Edleson, Ph.D., Lyungai F. Mbilinyi, M.S.W., and Sudha Shetty, J.D.

This report describes children’s exposure to domestic violence, the needs of both parents and children in the context of domestic violence events, and the resources available to help them.

Pediatric Social Illness: Toward an Etiologic Classification

added 09/19/2006

"Child abuse is associated with more extreme stresses in all categories studied; failure to thrive with maternal historical stresses, perceived sickness of the index child, and contemporary social isolation; and accidents with contemporary household crises." excerpt from abstract

Preventing violence and reducing its impact: How development agencies can help (pdf)

added 09/09/2009

This document makes the case for increased attention on the impact of violence on development by international development agencies. A key aim is to stimulate dialogue on the role of international development agencies in the prevention of violence globally, and ultimately to increase investment in a commonly agreed set of applied violence prevention strategies. The primary audience for this document is policy-makers, high-level planners, and others in the international development field.

Reducing the Literal and Human Cost of Child Abuse: Impact of a New Hospital Management System

added 09/18/2006

This article summarizes a study that assessed the medical care costs as well as human total cost of child abuse both before and after the implementation of a new system of care. This new system involved multiple disciplines caring for each child simultaneously as well as involved frequent consultation on an interdisciplinary level.

Responding to childhood trauma: The promise and practice of trauma informed care (pdf)

added 04/02/2012
Gordon R. Hodas MD

This paper provides an in-depth examination of how trauma affects child development. It hopes to increase appreciation of the relevance of trauma in understanding children and in planning to meet their needs. Focus is given to risk and protective factors, the psychological effects of trauma, the main tenets of trauma informed care, and strengths-based approaches that promote resilience.

Social Worker's Practice Guide to Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 07/06/2010

A guide created by the Department of Social and Health Services, for social workers working with domestic violence issues in the state of Washington. Includes information on how social workers should work with victims and perpetrators, child assessment of exposure to violence, as well as legal and policy issues in the state.

Swallowing the Hurt: Exploring the Links Between Anorexia, Bulimia and Violence Against Women and Girls

added 09/09/2003
Shelley Moore, with the assistance of Kelly D'Aoust, Donna Robertson, Christina Savage and Yasmin Jiwani

This report examines the links between eating disorders and violence against women and girls. It is based on information gathered from published literature as well as consultations with community workers, health practitioners, and mental health professionals. “Swallowing the Hurt” has been designed for use by frontline workers, health care and social service professionals, educators, and researchers who offer services directly for or who may interact with women and girls experiencing eating disorders or violence.

The Costs Of Child Abuse vs. Child Abuse Prevention: Michigan's Experience

added 04/26/1996
Robert A. Caldwell, Ph.D., Michigan State University

This report is a cost-benefit analysis of child abuse prevention.

The economic burden of child maltreatment in the United States and implications for prevention

added 12/11/2012
Xiangming Fang, Derek S. Brown, Curtis S. Florence, James A. Mercy

Child maltreatment (CM) is a serious and prevalent public health problem in the United States, responsible for substantial morbidity and mortality. Published in Child Abuse and Neglect, The International Journal, this study's objective was to present new estimates of the average lifetime costs per child maltreatment victim and aggregate lifetime costs. Findings show each death due to child maltreatment had a lifetime cost of about $1.3 million.

The Economic Dimensions of Interpersonal Violence (pdf)

added 07/21/2009
Hugh Waters, et al., Department of Injuries and Violence Prevention, World Health Organization

This document examines the economic effects of interpersonal violence, including sexual violence, as well as the economic effects of interventions seeking to reduce violence and the ways in which economic factors such as poverty and income inequality contribute to violence.

The effect of lifetime victimization on the mental health on children and adolescents (pdf)

added 08/22/2006
Heather A. Turner, David Finkelhor & Richard Ormrod

This paper examines the cumulative prevalence of victimization and its impact on mental health in a nationally representative sample of 2030 children aged 2-17. This article is printed in a peer reviewed journal, made available with the efforts of the Child Welfare Information Gateway.

The Effects of Childhood Stress on Health Across the Lifespan

added 06/11/2008
Jennifer S. Middlebrooks, MSW, MPH and Natalie C. Audage, MPH for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (2008)

"This document summarizes the available research on childhood stress and its long-term consequences. Of particular interest is the stress caused by child abuse, neglect, and repeated exposure to intimate partner violence."

The Epidemiology of Trauma and Trauma-Related Disorders in Children and Youth (pdf)

added 01/13/2009
John A. Fairbank, PhD

"This publication reviews general population studies, disaster research, child maltreatment studies, and special population studies that report the prevalence of PTSD in children, adolescents, and young adults. It includes a brief discussion of the cumulative adverse effects of traumatic stress experienced from infancy through adolescence."

The Facts on Children and Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 04/30/2008

Outlined in this document is a list of statistics related to domestic violence and its impact on children and pregnancy.

The Health Impacts on Adult Women of Childhood Sexual Violence Before the Age of Twelve Years

added 07/13/1999
Karen Hughes, Heather Stephens, Amy Difranco, Linda Manning, Natalie van der Torrn, Cathy North & Miriam Taylor

This is a 1998 report by seven authors of Ipswich, Queensland, Australia. The authors describe the health consequences in adulthood that often emerge as a consequence of childhood sexual violence. High rates of depression and dissociation resulted, as well as a low rate of school completion. The experiences of women when they sought help are described.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

The Impact of Conflict on Women and Girls in West and Central Africa and the UNICEF response (pdf)

added 03/13/2009

"This first-of-its-kind study by UNICEF on the situation of war-affected girls and women in the region highlights innovative programmes being implemented with partners to address the impact of conflict, and recommends how UNICEF can more proactively champion the rights of girls - particularly adolescent girls."

The Origin and True Purpose of the Paddle (pdf)

added 03/07/2010
George Ryley Scott, William H. Grier, M.D. and Price M. Cobbs, M.D.

In this article, the authors explain the origins of paddling in a historical context of slavery, as well as the psychological effects of using corporal punishment on children.

The Psychological Maltreatment of Children -Technical Report (2002)

added 01/07/2009
Steven W. Kairys, MD, MPH, Charles F. Johnson, MD and Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect (PEDIATRICS Vol. 109 No. 4)

"Psychological maltreatment is a common consequence of physical and sexual abuse but also may occur as a distinct entity. Until recently, there has been controversy regarding the definition and consequences of psychological maltreatment. Sufficient research and consensus now exist about the incidence, definition, risk factors, and consequences of psychological maltreatment."

The Traumatic Impact of Child Sexual Abuse: A Conceptualization (pdf)

added 08/19/2008
David Finkelhor, Ph.D., and Angela Browne, Ph.D.

"In this paper a framework is proposed for a more systematic understanding of the effects of child sexual abuse. Four traumagenic dynamics – traumatic sexualization, betrayal, stigmatization, and powerlessness – are identified as the core of the psychological injury inflicted by abuse. These dynamics can be used to make assessments of victimized children and to anticipate problems to which these children may be vulnerable subsequently. Implications for research are also considered."

Total Estimated Cost of Child Abuse and Neglect in the United States (pdf)

added 06/11/2002
Ching-Tung Wang, Ph.D. and John Holton, Ph.D.

A 2007 report from Prevent Child Abuse America. The data in this report attempts to document the nationwide direct and indirect costs of child abuse and neglect.

Understanding the Current Mental Health Needs of Children Experiencing Domestic Violence in Vermont: Recommendations for Enhancing and Improving Responses (pdf)

added 12/15/2005
Kathleen J. Moroz, Ellie Breitmaier and Amy Torchia

This is currently the final publication in the series created through a collaboration of the Vermont Network Against Domestic and Sexual Violence, the Vermont Department for Children and Families and the Vermont Center for Crime Victim Services. Part VII reports on findings from a study investigating the number of children/youth in Vermont exposed to domestic violence, the effects of this exposure on their social/emotional development and mental health, services provided by domestic violence network and mental health programs, perceived barriers to providing these services, the training needs of service providers in Vermont and both strengths and gaps in the continuum of services for these children/youth.

Understanding the Effects of Maltreatment on Brain Development (pdf)

added 03/29/2012
Child Welfare Information Gateway

A 2009 issue brief from the Child Welfare Information Gateway explaining how the brain develops; effects of maltreatment on brain development and; implications for policy and practice.

Victimization of Mothers of Abused Children: A Controlled Study

added 09/19/2006

This article discusses the case-controlled study of mothers who children were or were not victims of child abuse. In turn the findings suggest that children who experienced child abuse/suspicious of having been abused, the greater the likelihood that the mother has also been victimized when compare to control groups. Implications are outlined that pose concerns regarding maternal victimizations rates and the assessment of these mothers alongside the assessments of their children following abusive experiences.

Vietnamese Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 06/29/2010

Vietnamese translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence.

Viva Voce: A National Newsletter About Child Victims and Witnesses (pdf)

added 01/04/2001

Winter 1999 newsletter. A review of the impact that child testifying in court has on children in included.

What About Me? Seeking to Understand the Child's View of Violence in the Family (pdf)

added 09/21/2004
Alison Cunningham and Linda Baker

This study was funded by the National Crime Prevention Strategy in Ottawa. It involves an exhaustive review of the literature on child exposure to domestic violence (almost 400 sources) integrated with extensive clinical experience to create a revolutionary new framework for understanding, studying and intervening with children who have lived with woman abuse. Case studies illustrate key points and child drawings bring to life the experience of violence through young eyes.

Other formats: html

Widening Our Lens (pdf)

added 06/25/2010

"This brochure presents a comprehensive strategy to address the impact of child maltreatment, interpersonal, and family violence on youth."

Witnessing Domestic Violence: The Effect on Children

added 04/30/2008
Melissa M. Stiles, M.D.

The author discusses the conequences of child exposure to domestic violence across various ages, as well as prevention and screening techniques. Community advocacy is emphasized.

Women and Health: Today’s Evidence, Tomorrow’s Agenda (pdf)

added 04/30/2010

"This report reviews evidence on the health issues that particularly affect girls and women throughout their life course. This report uses currently available data to draw attention to the consequences and costs of failing to address health issues at appropriate points in their lives."

Working with Young Children and Their Families: Recommendations for Domestic Violence Agencies and Batterer Intervention Programs (pdf)

added 11/17/2004
Abigail Gewirtz and Resma Menakem

This paper is part of series of papers that addresses the way to mobilize community and programatic resources to provide responsive help to children and families affected both by domestic violence and poverty. This particular paper addresses the way to offer support and safety for children while maintaining safety, autonomy and choide for battered women.

Young Children's Exposure to Adult Domestic Violence: Toward a Developmental Risk and Resilience Framework for Research and Intervention (pdf)

added 11/17/2004
Abigail Gewirtz and Jeffrey L. Edleson

This paper is part of series of paper that addresses the way to mobilize community and programatic resources to provide responsive help to children and families affected both by domestic violence and poverty. This particular paper addresses impacts of adult domestic violence to young children through developmental risk and resiliency.


Domestic violence

15 Years of the United Nations Rapporteur on Violence against Women, Its Causes and Consequences (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

This report reviews the status of violence against women as researched in 14 annual reports, 32 country mission reports, and 11 communication reports published as recently as December 2008. The report focuses on reproductive health and rights, poverty, migration, internally displaced persons (IDPs), women refugees, trafficking, aging, and adolescent girls. It also highlights how the mandate on violence against women has changed, what has been learned, and problems still to be addressed.

A Balanced Collaboration: How Vermont Built a Protocol for Law Enforcement Response to Children and Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 03/12/2010
Jane M. Sadusky

"This paper examines the process Vermont used, including areas of both agreement and uncertainty, and introduces the protocol to a wider audience of interveners. It draws on a review of planning notes and other documents and a series of interviews with those who participated in shaping the process and the protocol. It provides a starting point for other communities to explore their own response to children at domestic violence incidents, as well as an approach that can be used to examine other aspects of intervention."

A Judicial Checklist for Children and Youth Exposed to Violence (Actual Checklist for Consideration) (pdf)

added 01/22/2007

A detailed checklist outlining information for judges to consider when working with cases where children or youth have been exposed to violence. A technical assistance brief detailing educational information and knowledge that is important for judges to be familiar with, can be found under the additional title.

A Judicial Guide to Child Safety in Custody Cases (pdf)

added 12/13/2009
Hon. Jerry J. Bowles, Hon. Kaye K. Christian, Margaret B. Drew, JD, Katheryn L. Yetter, JD

"This Judicial Guide contains 14 bench cards which provide an easy-to-use checklist system for judges at critical decision-making points throughout child custody cases, as well as a supplemental guide which provides additional information about in- and out-of-court behaviors, best interest of the child, and order issuance and enforcement. "

About Domestic Violence: Effects On Children & Teens

added 05/09/2007

A discussion about the impact of domestic violence characterizes this document, and is supplemented with a review of the impact at the various stages of child development.

Accountability and Connection with Abusive Men (pdf)

added 03/14/2010

"This document is an effort to remedy the excessive focus on mothers in cases involving domestic violence. It provides suggestions for connecting with and holding abusers accountable. It is a resource for child protection workers, supervisors, managers and others working with families involved in the child protection system."

Activist Dialogues: How Domestic Violence and Child Welfare Impact Women of Color and Their Communities (pdf)

added 06/16/2005
Futures Without Violence

This report offers an analysis and recommendations to address the impact of domestic violence and child welfare systems in communities of color. Six culture-specific organizations were partnered with to create a multi-dimensional analysis for this report. The Dialogues section offers analysis and describes some of the common findings and issues, while the Recommendations section addresses these issues. Thus, critiques and system changes go hand in hand, and are offered in the spirit of constructive engagement and strengthening communities

Addressing Gender-based Violence: UNFPA Strategy and Framework for Action (pdf)

added 03/11/2009

This report, grounded in UNFPA's overarching goal of eliminating violence against women and girls, identifies particular areas where action is most urgently needed and proposes general policy frameworks for combating gender-based violence.

Advocacy Beyond Leaving: Helping Battered Women in Contact With Current or Former Partners (pdf)

added 05/19/2009
Jill Davies

A guide for domestic violence advocates providing information on improving outreach and responses to domestic violence victims who are in contact with their partners or children’s fathers. This guide addresses how to identify safety strategies, find resources and to know what to say when a victim’s focus and goals are to remain in contact, remain in the relationship or to improve their children’s relationship with their father.

Advocacy Matters: Helping Mothers and Their Children Involved with the Child Protection System (pdf)

added 08/06/2004
Futures Without Violence

This publication gives domestic violence experts the information they need to deal successfully with child protection systems and to help battered mothers whose children have been removed from their care. Advocacy Matters includes general information and tips that help advocates better address the needs of battered mothers and their children.

Advocating for Women in the Criminal Justice System in Cases of Rape, Domestic Violence and Child Abuse

added 10/14/2003

The handbook consisits of various practical forms which were developed by advocates to evaluate criminal justice services for women in cases of rape, domestic violence and child abuse. It also has theoretical chapters on understanding how criminal justice systems can help and harm women.

Battered Women and Their Children

added 12/07/1999

Battered Women and Their Children is a website devoted to a professional and scholarly examination of the connections between domestic violence (woman abuse) and child maltreatment (child abuse and neglect).

Battered Women Involved with Child Protective Services: Learning from Immigrant, Refugee and Indigenous Women's Experiences (pdf)

added 08/23/2010
V. Pualani Enos

"The purpose of this study was to learn how CPS can be more responsive to families experiencing domestic violence and child abuse and neglect; learn how domestic violence advocates can be more effective in helping clients to respond to allegations of or actual child abuse and neglect and CPS interventions; explore how community can be more responsive to partner abuse and child abuse and neglect and provide support to families involved with CPS; and experiment with a research design that accomplishes the first step of participatory research and at the same time empowers advocates and survivors."

Battered Women's Reports of Their Partner's and Children's Cruelty to Animals (pdf)

added 08/11/2008
Frank R. Ascione, Journal of Emotional Abuse, 1(1), Haworth Press (1998)

"This research study describes how abuse of pets is a method employed by batterers to control their partners, contributes to the impact on children exposed to violence, and may also be related to batterers' lethality."

Beyond Observation: Considerations for Advancing Domestic Violence Practice in Supervised Visitation (pdf)

added 08/11/2008
Jay Campbell and Derrick Gordon With Ona Foster

"This paper presents considerations for expanded practice in the Supervised Visitation Grant Program and describes interventions that go beyond observation in the supervised visitation setting."

Boys will be Boys: Understanding the Impact of Child Maltreatment and Family Violence on the Sexual, Reproductive, and Parenting Behaviors of Young Men (pdf)

added 06/25/2010
Abby Kahn and Pat Paluzzi, Healthy Teen Network

A paper on the impact of physical, sexual, and psychological abuse, and exposure to family violence on the sexual, reproductive, and parenting behaviors of young men.

Bringing the Greenbook to Life: a Resource Guide for Communities (pdf)

added 08/04/2008
Ann Rosewater and Leigh Goodmark

"This guide is designed for communities seeking to develop interventions that will improve their responses to families suffering both domestic violence and child maltreatment."

Building Capacity in Child Welfare Systems: Domestic Violence Specialized Positions (pdf)

added 08/04/2008
Ann Rosewater

"The report seeks to assist policymakers and practitioners in developing specialist positions that are tailored to the circumstances of their communities and states. We offer observations about initial expectations for these positions and the evolution of the positions over time. We also set forth composite examples of each of the major types of specialized positions and lay out the components of each, including responsibilities, auspices and settings, competencies, and funding sources. By doing so, we highlight different approaches to improving understanding 2 of domestic violence and strengthening the likelihood of achieving safety for non-offending parents and their children."

Building Safety for Battered Women and Their Children into the Child Protection System (pdf)

added 11/06/2003

This is a report based on three separate consultations by Praxis with communities wanting to explore the use of the Safety and Accountability Audit in child protection cases where there has been a history of domestic violence. This report shows how to use case files and focus groups to locate systemic problems in the handling of these cases. It is a preliminary examination of the problematic practices in working with battered women within a child protection case.

Child Abuse and Domestic Violence: Creating Community Partnerships for Safe Families - Suggested Components of an Effective Child Welfare Response to Domestic Violence

added 03/09/1999
Janet Carter and Susan Schechter

November 1997. This paper is meant to serve as a working document rather than the "last word," and it will be subject to revision as child welfare and domestic violence agencies on the vanguard of creating partnerships learn more about the link between child abuse and domestic violence, and how to best protect both children and their abused mothers. While the suggested practices and policies are by no means exhaustive, it is hoped that setting them out will save agencies from having to "reinvent the wheel," and will, at the same time, motivate them to add additional "spokes."

Child Abuse and Domestic Violence: Creating Community Partnerships for Safe Families - Suggested Components of an Effective Child Welfare Response to Domestic Violence

added 04/30/2008
Janet Carter and Susan Schechter

November 1997. This paper is meant to serve as a working document rather than the "last word," and it will be subject to revision as child welfare and domestic violence agencies on the vanguard of creating partnerships learn more about the link between child abuse and domestic violence, and how to best protect both children and their abused mothers. While the suggested practices and policies are by no means exhaustive, it is hoped that setting them out will save agencies from having to "reinvent the wheel," and will, at the same time, motivate them to add additional "spokes."

Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention: Reports from the Field and Ideas for the Future (pdf)

added 04/01/2009
Rebecca Shaw, M. Rebecca Kilburn

"This report summarizes findings from a PPN project conducted for the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation's Child Abuse Prevention Program. The project sought to assess the current state of the child abuse and neglect prevention field as well as identify potential future directions for the field in terms of emerging priorities and prevention strategies."

Child and Family Service Review Outcomes: Strategies to Improve Domestic Violence Responses in CFSR Program Improvement Plans (pdf)

added 11/15/2009
Shellie Taggart

"Child and Family Service Reviews (CFSRs) evaluate public child welfare systems to determine how well they achieve safety, permanency, and well-being in difficult situations of neglect, physical and sexual abuse, and co-existing domestic violence, substance abuse, mental health issues, poverty, and community violence. This guide can help stakeholders develop effective (Program Improvement Plans) PIPs for achieving safety, permanency, and well-being in domestic violence cases, and to identify or anticipate related technical assistance needs."

Child Custody and Visitation Decisions in Domestic Violence Cases: Legal Trends, Research Findings, and Recommendations

added 10/18/1998
Daniel G. Saunders for VAWnet

A surprising number of battered women lose custody of their children to their abusive partners. This document describes some of the legal and cultural trends surrounding custody and visitation decisions and the social science evidence supporting a need to consider domestic violence in these decisions.

Other formats: pdf

Child Custody and Visitation Decisions in Domestic Violence Cases: Legal Trends, Risk Factors, and Safety Concerns (Revised 2007) (pdf)

added 08/11/2008
Daniel G. Saunders in consultation with Karen Oehme (Revised October 2007)

"Describes major legal and social trends surrounding custody and visitation decisions and the social science evidence supporting the need to consider domestic violence. Recommendations for custody and visitation decisions are explored."

Other formats: html

Child Protection in Families Experiencing Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 12/08/2004
H. Lien Bragg, Office on Child Abuse and Neglect., Caliber Associates.

This manual provides background on this complex topic and addresses the following practice issues: The overlap between child maltreatment and domestic violence; The basics of domestic violence; Modifying child protection practice with families experiencing domestic violence; Enhancing caseworker safety and support in child protection cases involving domestic violence; and Building collaborative responses for families experiencing domestic violence. Appendices include a glossary of terms, child, victim, and alleged perpetrator domestic violence assessments, safety plans, and information about developing a memorandum of understanding.

Child Protective Services for Children of Battered Women: Practice and Controversy

added 01/04/2001
Carol Echlin and Larry Marshal for the London and Middlesex Children's Aid Society

1995. A look at the difficulties that child protection workers face when trying to make a situation safe for children who witness woman abuse.

Child Support Protocol: A Guide for Integrated Domestic Violence Courts (pdf)

added 03/13/2010
Judy Reichler and Liberty Aldrich

A best practices guide for legal professionals who oversee integrated domestic violence court cases involving child custody issues.

Child Welfare Practices for Cases with Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 03/18/2004

This is the third edition of Child Welfare Practice for Cases with Domestic Violence, developed as part of an overall effort to increase the safety of adults and children through collaboration of domestic violence services and child protective services.

Child Witnesses to Domestic Violence - Common Questions

added 04/30/2008
The Massachusetts Coalition Against Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence

Frequently Asked Questions about child witnessing of domestic violence are answered along with information about how children are impacted, the long-term effects, and how to help.

Child/Youth Confidentiality in Domestic Violence Programs (pdf)

added 12/15/2005
Amy Torchia and Sarah Nash

This series was created through a collaboration of the Vermont Network Against Domestic and Sexual Violence, the Vermont Department for Children and Families and the Vermont Center for Crime Victim Services. Part IV addresses ideas to consider when making decisions about children's confidentiality issues, provides "best practices" for direct services and schools and discusses teen-specific service considerations.

Childhood Experience and the Expression of Genetic Potential: What Childhood Neglect Tells Us About Nature and Nurture (pdf)

added 02/25/2009
Bruce D. Perry

"Abuse studies from the author’s laboratory, studies of children in orphanages who lacked emotional contact, and a large number of animal deprivation and enrichment studies point to the need for children and young nonhuman mammals to have both stable emotional attachments with and touch from primary adult caregivers, and spontaneous interactions with peers. If these connections are lacking, brain development both of caring behavior and cognitive capacities is damaged in a lasting fashion. The effects of the childhood environment, favorable or unfavorable, interact with all the processes of neurodevelopment."

Children and Domestic Violence

added 05/09/2007
Centre for Children and Families in the Justice System

A variety of resources are provided for professionals and for any person interested in learning more about children and domestic violence, including books and training materials.

Children and Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 05/09/2007
Steve Cohen

This document is based on a presentation done by Steve Cohen. It reviews the impact of exposure to domestic violence on children, the scope of the problem, and a variety of resources are also provided.

Children Exposed to Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
Rhode Island Kids Count

In this brief, an outline is provided that details the domestic violence problem, how it effects children by age and gender, the connection between DV and child abuse, and Rhode Islands specific efforts to combat the problem.

Children Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence (pdf)

added 05/09/2007
National Resource Center on Domestic Violence

The information provided in this article centers on the effects of child exposure to domestic violence, parenting practices, the need for collaboration between domestic violence advocates and child protection workers, and interventions for exposed children.

Children Exposed to Violence: A Handbook for Police Trainers to Increase Understanding and Improve Community Responses (pdf)

added 10/30/2003
L.L. Baker, P.G. Jaffe, S.J. Berkowitz & M. Berkman

This handbook is for domestic violence specialists and trainers in police departments. It is designed to increase the understanding of children’s exposure to domestic violence by officers responding to these situations.

Children Exposed to Violence: A Teacher's Handbook to Increase Understanding and Improve Community Responses (pdf)

added 10/30/2003
L.L. Baker, P.G. Jaffe, L.M. Ashbourne & J. Carter

This 26-page resource helps educators understand how violence affects children at different ages, what teachers may see in the classroom, teaching strategies, handling parent-attended events, and supporting students who disclose.

Children's Domestic Violence Assessment Tool (pdf)

added 04/30/2008

"The purpose of this tool is to help assess safety, risk, strengths and needs. It may be used to assist in decision making and service planning during any stage of the CPS case (assessment through case planning and case management) in conjunction with required Structured Decision Making Tools. The tool is designed for use with the child(ren) in CPS cases involving domestic violence."

Children's Exposure to Domestic Violence in Australia (pdf)

added 07/05/2011
Kelly Richards

In this paper, current knowledge about the extent of children's exposure to domestic violence in Australia is described, along with the documented impacts that this exposure can have on children. Current legislative and policy initiatives are then described and some community-based programs that have been introduced in Australia to address the problem of children's exposure to domestic violence are highlighted.

Children's Exposure to Domestic Violence: A Guide to Research and Resources (pdf)

added 01/22/2007
Alicia Summers

Published in collaborative work with the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, this document outlines: the impace of domestic violence on children, the legal issues and system responses affecting children exposed to domestic violence, and provides useful resources which address this specific area of interest.

Children's Exposure to Violence: The Safe Start Initiative (pdf)

added 02/14/2002
Kracke, K. , U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

This April 2001 Factsheet presents an overview of the Safe Start Initiative. Researchers estimate that as many as 10 million U.S. children witness or are victims of violence in their homes or communities each year. The Safe Start Initiative, which was developed by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention in partnership with the Office of Justice Programs and the Department of Health and Human Services, is designed to prevent and reduce the impact of violence on young children and their families through the development of comprehensive and collaborative service delivery systems.

Children, Young People and Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 05/09/2007
Lesley Laing

The author explores "the ways in which children and young people experience domestic violence," as well as the impact it has on child development and the response by professionals and the child protection system is also reviewed.

Children’s Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence and Other Family Violence (pdf)

added 10/18/2011
Sherry Hamby, David Finkelhor, Heather Turner, and Richard Ormrod

This report explores the results of the the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV)and presents information regarding the types of exposure to family violence, the gender of the perpetrator, the relationship of the child witness to the perpetrator, and youth's reactions to the incident. It also discusses the implications of the survey data for researchers, practitioners, and policymakers and makes policy recommendations.

Children’s Exposure to Violence: A Comprehensive National Survey (pdf)

added 10/23/2009
David Finkelhor, Heather Turner, Richard Ormrod, Sherry Hamby, and Kristen Kracke

"This Bulletin discusses the National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence that measured the past-year and lifetime exposure to violence for children age 17 and younger across several major categories: conventional crime, child maltreatment, victimization by peers and siblings, sexual victimization, witnessing and indirect victimization (including exposure to community violence and family violence), school violence and threats, and Internet victimization."

Chinese Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Chinese translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Collaborating for Family Safety: Results From the Greenbook Multisite Evaluation

added 08/04/2008
Jeffrey L. Edleson and Neena M. Malik

"This special issue of the Journal of Interpersonal Violence features results from a multisite developmental evaluation of best practices at the intersection of child maltreatment and adult domestic violence."

Conceptualizing Juvenile Prostitution as Child Maltreatment: Findings from the National Juvenile Prostitution Study (pdf)

added 08/11/2010
Kimberly J. Mitchell, David Finkelhor and Janis Wolak

"Two studies were conducted to identify the incidence (Study 1) and characteristics (Study 2) of juvenile prostitution cases known to law enforcement agencies in the United States. Findings indicate law enforcement responses to juvenile prostitution are influential in determining whether such youth are viewed as victims of commercial sexual exploitation or as delinquents."

Corporal Punishment in Adolescence and Physical Assaults on Spouses in Later Life: What Accounts for the Link? (pdf)

added 11/19/2008
MURRAY A. STRAUS AND CARRIE L. YODANIS

"Using data on 4,401 couples who participated in the National Family Violence Survey, this article reports modeling of cultural norms or other processes that could account for the link between corporal punishment and partner violence. Because corporal punishment of adolescents occurs in over half of U.S. families, the findings suggest that elimination of this practice can reduce some of the psychological and social processes that increase the likelihood of future marital violence and perhaps other violence as well."

Crafting the Greenbook: Framers Reflect on the Vision, Process, and Lessons Learned

added 08/04/2008
Colleen Janczewski, Nicole Dutch, and Kathleen Wang

"As part of the evaluation of the Greenbook initiative, the evaluation team asked the national experts who helped frame the Greenbook to reflect on the processes used and the decisions that shaped the document. In addition, the experts were asked to describe their expectations for the systems and communities that implemented the recommendations, including anticipated challenges."

Cross System Dialogue: An Effective Strategy to Promote Communication Between the Domestic Violence Community, Child Welfare System, and the Courts (pdf)

added 04/30/2010
Stacy M. Lowry and Olga Trujillo

This publication provides information about the use of cross-system dialogue to facilitate communication among representatives working in the domestic violence, child welfare, and court system. Strategies for professionals responding to family violence and child maltreatment are also provided.

Cross-System Dialogue: An Effective Strategy to Promote Communication between the Domestic Violence Community, Child Welfare System, and the Courts (pdf)

added 08/16/2011
Stacy M. Lowry and Olga Trujillo

The crosssystem dialogue is an approach that promotes and helps to facilitate communication among representatives working in the domestic violence, child welfare, and court system. It provides a formal structure to address conflict in a productive manner.

Custodians of Abuse

added 09/19/2006
Kristen Lombardi

This article addresses the likely and realistic outcome regarding custodial care decisions during divorce battles. It would seem apparent that the parent responsible for inflicting abuse upon their child is often the one to receive unsupervised visitation rights and often even full legal custody as well.

Danger Zone: Battered Mothers and Their Families in Supervised Visitation (pdf)

added 10/28/2008
Tracee Parker, Kellie Rogers, Meghan Collins, and Jeffrey L. Edleson

"This paper outlines research conducted at a supervised visitation center specifically for serving families where domestic violence was the primary reason for referral. The authors have classified their experiences based on these main subjects: battered women in supervised visitation, how battering continues during supervised visitation, how the rules of the supervised visitation center evolved during the first 18 months of implementation, the importance of well-trained visit monitors, and the need to include supervised visitation centers within a larger context of coordinated community responses to domestic violence."

Did You Know Your Relationship Affects Your Health? (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

A tri-fold patient safety card which contains a checklist to assess safety, healthy/unhealthy relationships, and children's exposure to violence. The card also provides resources and information on how to get help.

Did You Know Your Relationship Affects Your Health? (Spanish) (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

A tri-fold patient safety card which contains a checklist to assess safety, healthy/unhealthy relationships, and children's exposure to violence. The card also provides resources and information on how to get help.

Domestic Violence Against Women and Girls (pdf)

added 09/30/2009

"UNICEF's report discusses the scope and magnitude of the problem, causes and consequences of domestic violence, the socio-economic costs of violence, strategies and interventions, and state obligations with regard to domestic violence."

Domestic Violence Against Women in Albania (pdf)

added 09/30/2009

"This qualitative report examines the prevalence of domestic violence in Albania, including forms of domestic violence and complicating factors."

Domestic Violence and Child Welfare Services

added 05/09/2007
North Carolina Division of Social Services & The Family and Children's Resource Program

Statistics and links to helpful resources and information related to child welfare and domestic violence are provided in this document.

Domestic Violence and Children: A Children's Health Fund Report (pdf)

added 05/09/2007
Peter A. Sherman, MD, Division of Community Pediatrics The Children’s Hospital at Montefiore

The author discusses domestic violence as a pediatric issue highlighting the number of children exposed to domestic violence each year and the consequences of such exposure.

Domestic Violence and Children: Creating a Public Response (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Susan Schechter and Jeffrey L. Edleson

The authors of this paper address children's exposure to domestic violence as a factor in healthy development. Research findings suggest that children who witness domestic violence are often unnoticed and underserved by other agencies in the community. Principles serving as a guiding framework for policy and service are outlined, as well as recommendations for communities and governmental bodies to help children experiencing domestic violence.

Domestic Violence and Welfare Policy: Research Findings That Can Inform Policies on Marriage and Child Well-Being (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
Sharmila Lawrence

The author looks at domestic violence among women on welfare, the impact on children who are exposed to violence in the home, and methods to increase the stability of marriages.

Domestic violence laws in Australia (pdf)

added 11/11/2009

The report analyzes domestic violence legislation in all Australian States and Territories and in New Zealand in order to assist the Australian Government’s National Plan to Reduce Violence Against Women and their Children. The report notes gaps and overlaps between State and Territory domestic violence protection orders and the Family Law Act 1975.

Domestic Violence, Visitations and Custody Decisions in New York Family Courts (pdf)

added 03/13/2003
Chris O'Sullivan, Ph.D.

The study reported here was designed to examine the extent to which visitation or custody was sought and granted in cases involving domestic violence, through a review of Family Court records in New York City.

Early Identification of Risk Factors for Parental Abduction (pdf)

added 07/23/2001
Janet R. Johnston, Ph.D., Inger Sagatun-Edwards, Ph.D., Martha-Elen Blomquist, Ph.D., Linda K. Girdner, Ph.D.

12-page Bulletin posted by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). The bulletin provides information regarding the risk factors associated with parental kidnapping and strategies that can be used to intervene with families at greatest risk. They address such critical factors as the characteristics of parents who abduct their own children, the role family violence plays in increasing the likelihood of parental abduction, ways of identifying children at risk of being abducted by a parent or other family member, and steps that can be taken to protect children from family abduction.

Effective Intervention in Domestic Violence & Child Maltreatment Cases (Executive Summary)

added 10/26/2005
Susan Schechter and Jeffrey L. Edleson, Ph.D.

This is an executive summary of the document "Effective Intervention in Domestic Violence & Child Maltreatment Cases: Guidelines for Policies and Practice." The aim of this document is to offer a more comprehensive set of responses to eliminate or decrease the enormous risks that individual battered mothers, caseworkers, and judges must take on behalf of children.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Effective Intervention in Domestic Violence & Child Maltreatment Cases: Guidelines for Policy & Practice (pdf)

added 05/09/2007
Susan Schechter & Jeffrey Edleson (With major contributions by Judge Leonard P. Edwards, Linda Spears, Ann Rosewater, & Elizabeth Ann Stoffel)

This 133 page publication addresses a number of issues relevant to family violence within the home and the community and specifically focuses on interventions. It is intended to offer communities a guiding framework to develop interventions and measure progress as they seek to improve their responses to families experiencing domestic violence and child maltreatment.

Effects of Domestic Violence on Children

added 05/09/2007
Binnie LeHew, Violence Prevention Coordinator

Binnie discusses the resulting behaviors and manifestations of child exposure to domestic violence, variables/demographics that impact the response, and patterns of abuse, with a focus on Iowa laws.

Effects of Domestic Violence on Children and Adolescents: An Overview

added 07/12/2004
Joseph S. Volpe, Ph.D., B.C.E.T.S.

The article examines the prevalence and domestic violence as a cause of traumatic stress in children.

Eliminating Violence against Children (pdf)

added 03/13/2009
Inter-Parliamentary Union and UNICEF

"Jointly produced by UNICEF and the Inter-Parliamentary Union, this handbook describes measures parliamentarians can take to end violence against children: they can legislate, oversee government activities, allocate financial resources and, as leaders in their nations and communities, raise awareness of issues."

Emerging issues in domestic/family violence research (pdf)

added 05/28/2010
Lorana Bartels

"This paper presents an overview of the key emerging issues in Australian domestic and family violence research in the context of gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender and intersex communities; the elderly; those with disabilities; people from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds; Indigenous communities; homelessness; the impact on children; and issues around perpetrator programs."

Emerging Responses to Children Exposed to Domestic Violence

added 07/07/2008
Jeffrey Edleson In consultation with Barbara Nissley

"This document reviews the new research, policies, and programs focused on children who have witnessed adult domestic violence. It argues that the diversity of children’s experiences requires equally diverse responses from those who serve them."

Other formats: pdf

Evaluation for Improvement: A Seven-step Empowerment Evaluation Approach for Violence Prevention Organizations (pdf)

added 03/27/2010

"This manual is designed to help violence prevention organizations hire an empowerment evaluator who will assist them in building their evaluation capacity through a learn-by-doing process of evaluating their own strategies. It is for state and local leaders and staff members of organizations, coalitions, government agencies, and/or partnerships working to prevent sexual violence, intimate partner violence, youth violence, suicide, and/or child maltreatment."

Expanding Solutions for Domestic Violence and Poverty: What Battered Women with Abused Children Need from Their Advocates

added 01/13/2006
Susan Schechter

This paper was originally delivered as a talk at the Violence Institute of New Jersey, June 21, 2000. This paper discusses the links between the abuse of women and the maltreatment of their children and the connection between domestic violence and poverty.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Fact Sheet: The Effects of Domestic Violence on Children (pdf)

added 08/11/2008
National Network to End Domestic Violence (Fall 2004)

"Addresses the impact of domestic violence on children and the likelihood that men who abuse their partners will also abuse their children. Lists statistics that reflect the most recent research concerning the effects of domestic violence on children."

Family Court Statistics: an overview of Family Court Statistics in New Zealand 2004 to 2008

added 06/08/2010

This bulletin analyzes, between 2004 and 2008, the four main areas that come under the jurisdiction of the Family Court in New Zealand, including family violence and child protection.

Family Violence Death Review Committee First Annual Report (pdf)

added 03/05/2010

The Family Violence Death Review Committee's overarching goal is to contribute to the prevention of family violence and family violence deaths in New Zealand. The report outlines the objectives and achievements for the first year as well as goals and recommendations for the following year.

Family Violence Statistics: Including Statistics on Strangers and Acquaintances (pdf)

added 06/14/2005
Bureau of Justice Statistics

This study compares family and nonfamily violence statistics from victimization through the different stages of the justice system. Family violence is defined as all types of violent crime committed by an offender who is related to the victim and includes spouse abuse, parental violence against a child, and violence among other family members. Nonfamily relationships used for comparison include boyfriends and girlfriends, friends and acquaintances, and strangers. Data are drawn from victimization surveys, official police statistics, State and Federal court statistics, and surveys of inmates in State prisons and local jails.

Family Violence: Open Directory Project

added 05/09/2007

This page is a comprehensive list of links to various organizations and websites that provide information and resources about children and domestic violence.

Farsi Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 06/30/2010

Farsi translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. It locates a range of abuses and abusers in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration.

Fathering After Violence: Working with Abusive Fathers in Supervised Visitation (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

This guide is intended to assist the grantees of the Safe Havens: Supervised Visitation and Safe Exchange Grant Program that want to enhance the safety and well-being of women and children by working more deliberately with abusive fathers who use the centers to visit their children.

Forging New Collaborations Between Domestic Violence Programs, Child Welfare Services and Communities of Color (pdf)

added 12/19/2003
Nita Carter

This report summarizes the dialogues from the Women of Color Network (WOCN) focus groups on domestic violence and child welfare. Over one hundred (100) domestic violence and sexual assault activists of color participated in these focus groups. The report includes a set of recommendations and highlights from their conversations regarding issues and barriers for battered women with children from communities of color.

Fourth National Incidence Study of Child Abuse and Neglect (NIS-4) (pdf)

added 03/07/2010

"The NIS is a congressionally mandated, periodic research effort to assess the incidence of child abuse and neglect in the United States. The NIS gathers information from multiple sources to estimate the number of children who are abused or neglected, providing information about the nature and severity of the maltreatment, the characteristics of the children, perpetrators, and families, and the extent of changes in the incidence or distribution of child maltreatment since the time of the last national incidence study."

Get the Facts - Domestic Violence and Children (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

Statistics and numbers are provided to give an idea of trends in the United States related to children and exposure to domestic violence.

Guidelines for Public Child Welfare Agencies Serving Children and Families Experiencing Domestic Violence

added 08/19/2003

The guidelines describe model policies, practices, programs, and protocols that address the multiple needs of families and children affected by domestic violence and child maltreatment. They are based on recommendations contained in the Greenbook and on the thoughtful recommendations provided by public child welfare agency directors, domestic violence advocates, child advocates, and legal representatives.

Guidelines for Responding to the Co-occurrence of Child Maltreatment and Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 04/22/2002

The purpose of these Guidelines is to provide direction to child protection staff when responding to situations in which child maltreatment and domestic violence are both occurring.

Guiding Principles for Safe Havens: Supervised Visitation and Safe Exchange Grant Program (pdf)

added 12/13/2009

"This document was designed to guide the development and administration of Supervised Visitation Program centers with an eye toward addressing the needs of child(ren) and adult victims of domestic violence in visitation and exchange settings. The Guiding Principles look beyond the visitation setting to address how communities funded under the Supervised Visitation Program should address domestic violence in the larger community."

Health Care Costs Associated with Violence in Pennsylvania (pdf)

added 08/11/2008
Health Services Research (August 2000)

"Reports the impact of violence in Pennsylvania including interpersonal violence (homicide, aggravated assault, rape) domestic violence (partner, child and elder abuse) and self-directed violence (suicide and attempted suicide)."

Helping Traumatized Children: Tips for Judges (pdf)

added 12/18/2009

"This fact sheet for judges and other court personnel outlines the impact of trauma on children's development, beliefs, and behaviors. It is designed to help professionals in the juvenile justice and family court system become more effective in addressing the unique needs and challenges of the traumatized children and adolescents they work with."

How Are We Measuring Resilience Following Childhood Maltreatment? Is the Research Adequate and Consistent? What is the Impact on Research, Practice, and Policy? (pdf)

added 01/21/2010
Wendy A. Walsh, Jean Dawson, and Marybeth J. Mattingly

"The authors review the literature on resilience following childhood maltreatment and describe how variation in the measurement of outcomes at various developmental stages affects research findings, practice implications, and policy recommendations."

How to obtain U Interim Relief: A Brief Manual for Advocates Assisting Immigrant Victims of Crime (pdf)

added 11/25/2008
Sally Kinoshita, Immigrant Legal Resource Center

This manual provides U Visa information for advocates who assist victims of crime, including domestic violence. The author outlines the definition, requirements, and application process for U Visa Interim relief and also offers information on obtaining permanent residency and derivative status for family members.

Identifying and Responding to Domestic Violence: Consensus Recommendations for Child and Adolescent Health

added 03/21/2003

The guidelines offered here provide specific recommendations for screening and responding to domestic violence in child health settings, which provide a unique and important opportunity to screen for domestic violence and to educate parents about the impact of such violence on children. These guidelines also speak to the need for child health providers to engage in, model, and take leadership in delivering effective primary prevention of domestic violence, as well as other types of family and community violence, by highlighting violence prevention during well child and other routine visits, as a component of routine anticipatory guidance.

In the Best Interest of Women and Children: A Call for Collaboration Between Child Welfare and Domestic Violence Constituencies

added 10/11/2005
Susan Schechter and Jeffrey L. Edleson, Ph.D.

This is a briefing paper prepared for a Wingspread Conference of a similar title. It discusses family violence, specifically against women and children, barriers to helping the victims, and the importance of collaboration to effect change.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Information Sharing in Collaborative Relationship: Domestic Violence and Child Protection (pdf)

added 12/15/2005
Jill Richard

This series was created through a collaboration of the Vermont Network Against Domestic and Sexual Violence, the Vermont Department for Children and Families and the Vermont Center for Crime Victim Services. Part III provides general guidance and possibilities for policy development regarding information sharing between systems and presents avenues for effective inquiry where these issues intersect.

Interpersonal violence and alcohol (pdf)

added 03/27/2010

This report by the World Health Organization presents research on the relation between alcohol and violence. It suggests that alcohol is a situational determinant which increases the risk of most types of violence. Hazardous and harmful use of alcohol has also been shown to be an important consequence of experiencing or witnessing most forms of violence, but especially child maltreatment and intimate partner violence.

Intersection of Child Abuse and Children's Exposure to Domestic Violence

added 09/19/2008
Todd I. Herrenkohl, Cynthia Sousa, Emiko A. Tajima, Roy C. Herrenkohl, Carrie A. Moylan

"This review addresses research on the overlap in physical child abuse and domestic violence, the prediction of child outcomes, and resilience in children exposed to family violence."

Korean Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Korean translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Learning from Experiences of Battered Immigrant, Refugee and Indegenious Women with Child Protection Services to Inform a Dialogue Among Domestic Violence Activisits and Advocates (pdf)

added 02/23/2004
V. Pualani Enos

This document introduces voices of battered immigrant, refugee and indegenious women who were also involved in Child Protection Services. The document explores how community approach can enhance the physical, spiritual and mental health of individuals, families and communities and how this concept can be well utilized for policy and practice for social services.

Learning to Listen, Learning to Help: Understanding Woman Abuse and Its Effects on Children (pdf)

added 03/17/2005
Linda Baker & Alison Cunningham

A concise handbook for students and volunteers entering the helping professions, to prepare them to recognize and respond to families in which there is or was violence at home. Topics include background material on the dynamics of woman abuse, the concept of power and control, facts and figures, how to support women and help them find appropriate resources, how children are affected by violence, how children cope with violence at home, how to respond to child disclosure of abuse and neglect, standards of professional conduct, taking stock of your own attitudes, and suggestions for how you can make a difference to end violence.

Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence

added 04/23/2010

"The Lifetime Spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Other formats: pdf

Little eyes, little ears: How violence against a mother shapes children as they grow (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
Alison Cunningham & Linda Baker

This comprehensive 44 page document is divided by topics that cover facts and figures, types of abuse against women and children, ways a child can be impacted by domestic violence, myths about women and abuse, copin strategies, and responding and reporting, among others.

Model Protocol for Advocates Working with Battered Women Involved in the Child Protection System

added 05/10/2005
Lupita Patterson

This protocol includes policy and practice recommendations for advocates who work with battered women involved in the child protection system.

Mothers and Children: Understanding the Links Between Woman Battering and Child Abuse

added 05/20/2000
Jeffrey L. Edleson, Ph.D.

This is a briefing paper for a strategic planning meeting on the Violence Against Women Act. "This paper focuses on an important gap in our current understandings of family violence: the link between woman battering and child abuse. It is surprising that after so many years of public attention it is only in recent years that a discussion of this link has begun to appear in the literature. At present, there is much more we need to know about the overlap between woman and child abuse."

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Multi-Agency Practice Guidelines: Handling Cases of Forced Marriage (pdf)

added 08/15/2009
United Kingdom's Forced Marriage Unit

"This report lists warning signs and appropriate actions for teachers and other school employees to take when they suspect a forced marriage of a child is imminent. The report also contains guidelines for police officers, health care professionals, and social workers, and provides general information on good practices when caring for victims of forced marriage."

Multi-disciplinary Teams Including Child Protection Teams Framework for Co-Occuring Domestic Violence and Child Maltreatment (pdf)

added 12/15/2005
Ellie Breitmaier

This series was created through a collaboration of the Vermont Network Against Domestic and Sexual Violence, the Vermont Department for Children and Families and the Vermont Center for Crime Victim Services. Part V describes the structure and purpose of child protection teams, provides guiding questions for domestic violence advocate members of such teams and highlights recommendations.

National Center for Children Exposed to Violence

added 04/30/2008

It is the mission of the National Center for Children Exposed to Violence (NCCEV) to increase the capacity of individuals and communities to reduce the incidence and impact of violence on children and families; to train and support the professionals who provide intervention and treatment to children and families affected by violence; and, to increase professional and public awareness of the effects of violence on children, families, communities and society.

Not Enough: What TANF Offers Family Violence Victims (pdf)

added 03/31/2010
Timothy Casey, Jill Davies, Annika Gifford, and Anne Menard

Based on a national survey of service providers, this report is a comprehensive effort to understand when TANF successfully assists victims of family violence, and when the program falls short.

Overlap of Domestic Violence and Child Maltreatment in U.S. State Civil and Criminal Statutes

added 04/18/2000
Annelies Hagemeister, MA, Ph.D.

This April 2000 table lists statutes alphabetically by state.

Other formats: word

Parental Alienation Syndrome and Parental Alienation: Research Reviews (pdf)

added 06/14/2009
Joan S. Meier

This VAWnet document provides a historical and research overview of Parental Alienation Syndrome and Parental Alienation, identifies strategic issues for advocates working with victims, and offers guidelines to improve courts’ treatment of these issues.

Patrick Stewart: the legacy of domestic violence

added 12/13/2009

In this article, the actor describes how he regularly saw his father hit his mother and how the horrors of his childhood experiences remained with him throughout his adult life.

Police in the Lives of Young Children Exposed to Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 11/17/2004
Miriam Berkman and Dean Esserman

This paper is part of series of paper that addresses the way to mobilize community and programatic resources to provide responsive help to children and families affected both by domestic violence and poverty. This particular paper explores the important roles the police officer can play in assisting children and families experiencing domestic violence.

Polyvictimization in Developmental Context (pdf)

added 01/18/2012
Finkelhor, D., Shattuck, A., Turner, H., Ormrod, R., Hamby, S.L., 2011

This article provides an analysis of data on child victimization from a large national survey using the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire. The purpose of the study was to assess the prevelence of polyvictimization (i.e., exposure to multiple forms of victimization) in youth from 4 different developmental cohorts.

Poverty and Domestic Violence

added 07/13/2010

"This special collection includes a categorized and selected listing of articles, fact sheets, papers, reports and surveys. It is offered as an additional tool to assist advocates working on and interested in poverty and how it relates to ending violence against women."

Preliminary Adaptations for Working with Traumatized Latino/Hispanic Children and Their Families (pdf)

added 11/30/2010

The Culture and Trauma Briefs series serves to support the NCTSN commitment to raising the standard of care for traumatized children, their families, and their communities by highlighting the diversity of needs and experiences of those children, families, and communities.
This report was developed through information gathered via a preliminary focus group of bilingual/bicultural therapists at a children's hospital in California to address the needs of diverse Latino populations seeking care.

Promising Approaches: Working with Families, Child Welfare and Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 12/17/2009
Massachusetts Department of Children and Families

The purpose of this brochure is to provide a framework for mandated reporters to create family centered approaches when domestic violence is identified and to offer guidelines to assist mandated reporters to assess accurately and sympathetically, the impact of domestic violence on children and their families.

Prosecutors, Kids, and Domestic Violence Cases (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
Debra Whitcomb

"This article describes some of the issues prosecutors should be aware of when they handle domestic violence cases involving children, especially in light of recent legislation aiming to protect children."

Protecting Children from Exposure to Domestic Violence: The Use and Abuse of Child Maltreatment Statutes

added 05/09/2007
Lois A. Weithorn, J.D., Ph.D.

This 145 page article is a comprehensive review and critical discussion about the laws and child protection responses that have shown to be effective.

Punjabi Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/23/2010

"Punjabi translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Realizing the Promise of Home Visitation: Addressing Domestic Violence and Child Maltreatment (pdf)

added 03/07/2010

"This guide is intended to help policy makers and advocates build a strong national policy framework to maximize the effectiveness and reach of early childhood home visiting programs. It is intended to ensure that federal home visiting policies directly address: the needs of mothers and children who are experiencing or at risk of experiencing domestic violence, the link between domestic violence and child abuse and neglect, and the impact of domestic violence on the health and well-being of children and families."

Reasonable Efforts Checklist for Dependency Cases Involving Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 12/13/2009

"This checklist includes easy reference bench cards for judges to consult during removal, adjudication, disposition, review, permanency, and termination hearings involving domestic violence. It is designed to aid judges in making reasonable efforts findings that are required by federal law in dependency cases involving domestic violence."

Reasonable Efforts or Unrealistic Expectations: A Look at Hennepin County Child Protection Cases (pdf)

added 05/25/2010
Marna Anderson, Sarah Coulter and Donna McNamara

"The purpose of this report is to identify ways in which Hennepin County could provide greater support for families throughout the Children in Need of Protection or Services (CHIPS) process and improve the systems in which judges, social workers, and guardians ad litem (GAL) are operating."

Reflections from the Field: Considerations for Domestic Violence Specialists (pdf)

added 08/04/2008
Shellie Taggart and Lauren Litton

"Domestic violence and child protection professionals from multiple states came together to discuss the complexity of systems-change work and the continued need for a social justice framework to guide these efforts. This document is a compilation of their stories and insights as people who have worked as or supported domestic violence specialists dedicated to helping families experiencing the co-occurrence of domestic violence and child maltreatment."

Reflections from the Field: Considerations for Domestic Violence Specialists (pdf)

added 08/16/2011
Shellie Taggart & Lauren Litton

The purpose of this document is to share discussions that were had at a "Specialized Positions Meeting". The conversations had at this meeting focused on advances and insights based on the collective experience of specialists; framing key questions for policy makers and others interested in supporting, funding, and implementing specialist positions; and supporting those working as specialists by reaffirming the importance and difficulty of their role and proposing foundational questions for exploration to shape their role and responsibilities to guide the next generation of their work.

Relationship of Childhood Abuse and Household Dysfunction to Many of the Leading Causes of Death in Adults: The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study (pdf)

added 08/23/2011
Vincent J. Felitti, et al.

This article seeks to gain more of an understanding of the relationship between health risk behavior and disease in adulthood and the breadth of exposure to childhood emotional, physical, or sexual abuse, and household dysfunction during childhood. They conclude that a strong relationship does exist and that adverse childhood exposure can lead to multiple risk factors for several of the leading causes of death in adults.

Research Indicating that the Majority of Cases that go to Court as "High Conflict" Contested Custody Cases Have a History of Domestic Violence

added 01/07/2009
Compiled by Professor Joan S. Meier, Esq.

This document, comprised of research from many leading experts in the field of domestic violence, lays out the case that the majority of high conflict child custody disputes have a history of domestic violence.

Responding to the Co-occurrence of Child Maltreatment and Adult Domestic Violence in Hennepin County

added 10/26/2005
Jeffrey L. Edleson, Ph.D. Sandra K. Beeman, Ph.D.M, University of Minnesota

In this report, Drs. Edleson and Beeman and their research assistants detail information collected from a variety of sources during the first half of 1999. Information collection included detailed reporting by child protection screeners and investigators in the Hennepin County Department of Children and Family Services (HCDCFS), consulting with national experts in this area, reviewing published materials on prominent demonstration projects from around the United States and Canada, and holding a series of stakeholder meetings throughout Hennepin County.

Other formats: word

Safe & Together

added 05/27/2009
David Mandel & Associates, LLC

A blog developed by David Mandel & Associates, LLC in which they will be exploring the ideas underpinning the Safe and Together model. The model provides a practical and concrete approach to improving the response of child welfare to the risk and safety concerns presented by batterers. They will be providing practical tips and ideas for policy and practice. All are welcome to participate in the discussion.

Safe Start Promising Approaches Communities: Working Together to Help Children Exposed to Violence (pdf)

added 11/04/2009

Launched by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention(OJJDP) and its Federal partners in the Department of Justice and the Department of Health and Human Services, the initiative is designed as a national framework which seeks to address the needs of children exposed to violence. This booklet describes each of the 15 Safe Start Promising Approaches communities and outlines how these programs are integrating evidence-based or promising practices as well as other complementary interventions within their geographical, agency, and community contexts.

Safety and Accountability: The Underpinnings of a Just Justice System

added 01/10/2006
Barbara J. Hart, Esq

This paper first briefly describes domestic violence. It then discusses the constructs of safety and accountability. Finally it examines how court administration and the judiciary might fully respond to these underpinings of justice for adult and child victims of domestic violence.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext • word

Security Begins at Home (pdf)

added 02/25/2009

The Kosova Women’s Network released the country’s first study on domestic violence, called Security Begins at Home. The report highlights key points such as: what the citizens of Kosovo perceive as domestic violence, the forms and consequences of domestic violence, citizens' response to ending it, and the legal and institutional gaps in addressing it.

Sharwline Nicholson v. Nicholas Scoppetta - Appeals Decision

added 04/30/2008

This document outlines the Appeals decision regarding the case of Nicholson (filed as a class action in federal court in 2001). This history of this decision is based on the class action lawsuit in which battered mothers and their children in New York City successfully challenged the City child welfare agency's practice and policy of removing children from battered mothers and charging the mothers with child neglect due to domestic violence. The federal court ruled that the practice is unconstitutional under federal law. The case went up on appeal.

Shattered Lives: Homicides, Domestic Violence and Asian Families (pdf)

added 06/29/2010
Chic Dabby, Hetana Patel and Grace Poore

This report focuses on domestic violence related homicides as a critical issue affecting Asian, Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander battered women since 2001. Types of domestic violence related homicides, children as victims, and perpetrator types are discussed. Findings and recommendations are also provided.

Sibling sexual abuse (pdf)

added 10/25/2012

This Research Summary into sibling sexual abuse will review the current literature on definitions, impacts, barriers to disclosure and legal issues in order to highlight this often hidden form of sexual abuse. The review will also explore the literature on implications for therapeutic interventions—particularly the shift in thinking about sibling sexual assault and the abusive sibling from a punitive response to a much more therapeutic response.

Other formats: html

Social Worker's Practice Guide to Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 07/06/2010

A guide created by the Department of Social and Health Services, for social workers working with domestic violence issues in the state of Washington. Includes information on how social workers should work with victims and perpetrators, child assessment of exposure to violence, as well as legal and policy issues in the state.

Status of Girls in Minnesota

added 05/25/2010
Women’s Foundation of Minnesota and the Institute for Women’s Policy Research

"This 2008 report provides detailed information on the status of girls in Minnesota. It also serves as a tool for advocates, researchers, and policy makers in developing a set of interventions that will ensure girls’ economic, social, and political equality in the state. "

Strategies to Improve Supervised Visitation Services in Domestic Violence Cases

added 10/29/2001
M. Sharon Maxwell, LCSW, Ph.D. & Karen Oehme, J.D.

This Violence Against Women Online Resources commissioned document describes the evolution of supervised visitation services for domestic violence cases, notes legal trends in these cases, describes practice concerns, and presents strategies to improve the safety of participants when supervised visitation, due to domestic violence, is court-ordered.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Supervised Visitation Programs: Information for Mothers Who Have Experienced Abuse (pdf)

added 12/13/2009
Jill Davies for Futures Without Violence, formerly the Family Violence Prevention Fund

"This guide was created for mothers who have experienced abuse and whose children are involved in supervised visitation programs. The guide provides information about how the programs work and how mothers can prepare themselves and their children for the experience."

Supervised Visitation: Information for Mothers Who Have Been Abused (pdf)

added 07/25/2007

"This Guide should be given directly to mothers who have experienced abuse and whose children are in supervised visitation programs. It will tell mothers basic information about how supervised visitation programs work and how she can prepare herself and her children for the experience. If she is afraid of her children’s father or was abused by him, then the information in this Guide will be particularly helpful to her."

Surveillance for Violent Deaths -- National Violent Death Reporting System, 16 States, 2005

added 04/08/2009

"This report summarizes data from CDC's National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) regarding violent deaths from 16 U.S. states for 2005. Results are reported by sex, age group, race/ethnicity, marital status, location of injury, method of injury, circumstances of injury, and other selected characteristics."

Tackling Domestic Violence: Providing Support for Children Who Have Witnessed Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
Audrey Mullender

"This report provides good practice recommendations and suggestions for a range of practitioners and professionals who have a role in commissioning, developing, or delivering initiatives to support children who have in the past or are currently witenssing domestic violence."

Tagalog Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Tagalog translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Team Decisionmaking and Domestic Violence: An Advanced Training for TDM Facilitators and Child Protection Supervisors (pdf)

added 03/31/2010

"This free advanced domestic violence curriculum outlines safely preparing for and managing effective meetings, engaging parents around domestic violence issues, assessing the impact of children’s exposure to domestic violence, and making decisions and plans to increase safety for children and battered mothers."

The Canadian Child Welfare Response to Cases of Exposure to Domestic Violence: Analysis of the 2003 Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
Tara Black, Nico Trocme, Barbara Fallon, and Bruce MacLaurin

This is a Canadian study, the objective of which was to examine the child welfare system’s response to child maltreatment investigations substantiated for exposure to domestic violence (EDV). The study is based on a secondary analysis of data collected in the 2003 Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect.

The Facts on Children and Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 04/30/2008

Outlined in this document is a list of statistics related to domestic violence and its impact on children and pregnancy.

The Facts on Health Care & Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 08/11/2008

"Statistics on domestic violence incidents highlighting health consequences to the victim, children's health issues, hospital and other health service costs, identification and screening practices in health care settings, and domestic violence during and after pregnancy."

The Future of the Grave Risk Of Harm Defense in Hague Cases

added 07/19/2010
Jeremy D. Morley

This article discusses the future of the grave risk of harm defense in Hague Convention international child abduction cases. It provides an interpretation of the Hague Convention in the traditional view as well as in the context of domestic violence. Examples of court rulings are provided which evaluated the nature of abuse and the likelihood of legal protection in the country to which the children are being returned.

The Greenbook Initiative Final Evaluation Report (pdf)

added 07/02/2008
The Greenbook National Evaluation Team

"The Greenbook national evaluation results are presented in three reports. The Greenbook Demonstration Initiative: Process Evaluation Report: Phase 1 focused on the planning and goal setting phase of the Greenbook initiative in the sites. This final evaluation report assesses the extent to which the Greenbook implementation activities facilitated cross-system and within system change and practice in the child welfare agencies, dependency courts, and domestic violence service providers."

The Hague Convention Project

added 02/10/2006

The project seeks to increase the identification of violence against women in international parental child abduction cases processed in U.S. Courts. That identification will allow the American legal community to help protect battered mothers and their children as they cross international borders to safety in the United States. Specifically, this Web site provides information and resources for individuals, attorneys and non-lawyers who litigate or participate in cases involving the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction where domestic violence is an issue.

The Impact of Conflict on Women and Girls in West and Central Africa and the UNICEF response (pdf)

added 03/13/2009

"This first-of-its-kind study by UNICEF on the situation of war-affected girls and women in the region highlights innovative programmes being implemented with partners to address the impact of conflict, and recommends how UNICEF can more proactively champion the rights of girls - particularly adolescent girls."

The Overlap Between Child Maltreatment and Woman Abuse

added 05/06/1997
Jeffrey L. Edleson, Ph.D.

Reviews over 35 studies on the overlap between child maltreatment and woman battering in the same families. This paper has now been published in Violence Against Women, 1999, 5(2), pp. 134-154 and is no longer available on this site. This link, however, goes to a brief VAWnet paper on the topic.

Other formats: pdf

The prevalence of child abuse and neglect

added 05/28/2010
Rhys Price-Robertson, Leah Bromfield and Suzanne Vassallo

"A resource sheet that summarizes the current knowledge about the prevalence of child abuse and neglect in Australia. It provides an overview of Australian studies that have estimated the prevalence of the different forms of child maltreatment."

The Psychological Maltreatment of Children -Technical Report (2002)

added 01/07/2009
Steven W. Kairys, MD, MPH, Charles F. Johnson, MD and Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect (PEDIATRICS Vol. 109 No. 4)

"Psychological maltreatment is a common consequence of physical and sexual abuse but also may occur as a distinct entity. Until recently, there has been controversy regarding the definition and consequences of psychological maltreatment. Sufficient research and consensus now exist about the incidence, definition, risk factors, and consequences of psychological maltreatment."

The Relationship Between Domestic Violence and Child Abuse (pdf)

added 08/11/2008
Prevent Child Abuse America (September 1996)

"Cites surveys and reports published between 1987 and 1996, briefly describing: what is domestic violence; what is child abuse; how does domestic violence affect children; and similarities/correlations between domestic violence and/or child abuse."

The Safe Start Center Series on Children Exposed to Violence: Pediatric Care Settings (pdf)

added 11/04/2009
Betsy McAlister Groves, LICSW, and Marilyn Augustyn, MD

This issue brief translates emerging research and program practice into action steps for practitioners in pediatric care settings to design and implement programs that meet the needs of children who are exposed to violence.

The State of the World's Children 2009 Report

added 03/13/2009

"The State of the World's Children 2009 examines critical issues in maternal and newborn health, underscoring the need to establish a comprehensive continuum of care for mothers, newborns and children. The report outlines the latest paradigms in health programming and policies for mothers and newborns, and explores policies, programmes and partnerships aimed at improving maternal and neonatal health. Africa and Asia are a key focus for this report, which complements the previous year's issue on child survival."

The Use of Expert Testimony on Intimate Partner Violence (pdf)

added 11/04/2009
Kathleen J. Ferraro and Noël Bridget Busch-Armendariz, VAWnet

"This Applied Research paper presents an overview of the uses of expert testimony, the qualifications and roles of experts, the literature on the use of testimony on the effects of battering, and considerations for future research."

Other formats: html

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Manual on the preparation, filing and processing of applications pursuant to the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA). Also includes detailed information on Special Immigrant Juvenile Status for Children Under Juvenile Court Jurisdiction, and U and T Non-Immigrant Visas (Victims of Crime and Trafficking). A good resource for advocates and legal professionals working with these victims.
This document takes some time to download, especially with a slow connection.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 1-100 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 101-200 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 201-300 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 301-380 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

Together We Must! End Violence against Women and Girls and HIV & AIDS (pdf)

added 12/17/2009
Jacqui Patterson, with contributions from Nazneen Damji, Deborah McKinney, Neelanjana Mukhia, Everjoice Win and Jenny Drezin

"This document represents an initial effort to draw attention to the knowledge, institutional capacity and resources needed to comprehensively address the intersection between HIV & AIDS and VAWG. The aim is to stimulate debate and collaboration among practitioners and advocates around how to identify and promote effective prevention policies and practices that can be adapted to various contexts."

Training Child Welfare Workers on Domestic Violence

added 06/20/2000
Randy H. Magen, Ph.D. and Kathryn Conroy, DSW

Final Report, June 1998. In October of 1995, the Columbia University School of Social Work (CUSSW) was awarded funds to train public child welfare workers to understand and intervene appropriately with families where there was concurrent child abuse or neglect and woman abuse. This objective was accomplished by designing, implementing, and evaluating a competency-based training curriculum on domestic violence for direct service workers in the New York City Administrationm for Children's Services (ACS). The training curriculum was designed to impact worker's attitudes toward domestic violence, provide them with knowledge and skills for assessing domestic violence, and enhance their practice with families in which there is woman abuse. This paper is the final report CUSSW's project.

UN study on Violence Against Children

added 03/13/2009

"A press release on a new effort to provide a detailed global picture of the nature, extent and causes of violence against children, and propose clear recommendations for action to prevent and reduce such violence. The study focuses on violence against children in five settings: the home and family, schools and educational settings, other institutional settings (orphanages, children in conflict with the law), the community and on the streets, and work situations. "

Vermont's Model Protocol: Law Enforcement Response to Children at the Scene of a Domestic Violence Incident (pdf)

added 03/12/2010
The Vermont Network Against Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault, Vermont Social and Rehabilitative Services, and Vermont Criminal Justice Training Council

"The intent of this protocol is to assist law enforcement officers in their response to children at the scene of domestic violence incidents. In addition, the protocol outlines an effective response which includes: assessing whether children have been physically harmed, minimizing the impact and repercussions to children who are present, empowering children as much as possible in the process, maintaining victim safety, and maintaining batterer accountability."

Vermont’s Coordinated Approach to Increase Safety for Women, Children and Youth Who Experience Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 12/15/2005
Janine Allo, Jill Richard and Amy Torchia

This document is part I of a series created through a collaboration of the Vermont Network Against Domestic and Sexual Violence, the Vermont Department for Children and Families and the Vermont Center for Crime Victim Services. Part I describes the philosophy and structure of the "coordinated approach" as it impacts the three primary areas of services, training and policy. Lessons learned are highlighted.

Victimization and Trauma Experienced by Children and Youth: Implications for Legal Advocates (pdf)

added 09/28/2012
Lisa Pilnik, JD, and Jessica R. Kendall, JD, Child & Family Policy Associates

The goal of this issue brief is to build the capacity of dependency and delinquency judges, attorneys, and legal advocates to meet the needs of children and youth who are victimized and exposed to violence or other traumatic events.

Vietnamese Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 06/29/2010

Vietnamese translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence.

Violence Against Women and Girls: A Compendium of Monitoring and Evaluation Indicators (pdf)

added 04/30/2010
Shelah S. Bloom

"This compendium offers a set of monitoring and evaluation indicators for program managers, organizations, and policy makers working to address violence against women and girls at individual, community, district and national levels in developing countries."

Violence Against Women: Classic Papers

added 08/21/2009
Raquel Kennedy Bergen, Jeffrey L. Edleson and Claire M. Renzetti

The purpose of this project was to assemble some of the classic works in the field of violence against women so that new generations of students, practitioners, and researchers would have a collective understanding of the work that has shaped the field. Included are commentaries from the original authors, when available, reflecting on why they authored the work when they did and the influence of their work on the field.

Violence in the Lives of Children (pdf)

added 04/01/2009
Brett V. Brown, Ph.D, and Sharon Bzostek, Child Trends

"This data brief from Child Trends reviews data on the types of violence experienced by U.S. children, including exposure to violence through media to abuse by parents and peers. Differences by age, gender, and race/ethnicity are discussed along with priorities for filling gaps in the data that is available on this topic."

Vision for services for children and young people affected by domestic violence (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
LGA, ADSS, Women's Aid, and CAFCASS

Vision for services for children and young people affected by domestic violence offers a pathway for services for children experiencing domestic violence. This guidance offers a template which directors of children's services, cabinet members with lead responsibility for children and their local safeguarding children's boards, working with domestic violence partnerships can use to incorporate the needs of children experiencing domestic violence in planning children's services.

What About Me? Seeking to Understand the Child's View of Violence in the Family (pdf)

added 09/21/2004
Alison Cunningham and Linda Baker

This study was funded by the National Crime Prevention Strategy in Ottawa. It involves an exhaustive review of the literature on child exposure to domestic violence (almost 400 sources) integrated with extensive clinical experience to create a revolutionary new framework for understanding, studying and intervening with children who have lived with woman abuse. Case studies illustrate key points and child drawings bring to life the experience of violence through young eyes.

Other formats: html

What Is Trauma and Why Is It Important? (pdf)

added 04/07/2010

This is the first issue in a series focusing on trauma and child welfare systems. This issue defines trauma and describes its significance. Successive issues will highlight childhood trauma in the context of culture and identify ways in which child welfare systems can best respond to children.

When Battered Women Stay... Advocacy Beyond Leaving

added 06/18/2008
Jill Davies

"This paper raises the key issues, questions, and dilemmas regarding advocacy with battered women who stay in their relationships. It discusses the limitations of safety strategies for leaving, and frames the issues central to the expansion of advocacy beyond leaving, including: 1) safety planning and advocacy with victims who stay; 2) ending violent and controlling behavior; and 3) knowing what children need to be OK."

When Children Experience Domestic Violence: Expert Opinion

added 04/30/2008
National Coalition for Child Protection Reform

This document includes a summary of a ruling made by a New York Judge to stop removing children from battered women because children of such women are exposed to domestic violence.

Widening Our Lens (pdf)

added 06/25/2010

"This brochure presents a comprehensive strategy to address the impact of child maltreatment, interpersonal, and family violence on youth."

Witnessing Domestic Violence: The Effect on Children

added 04/30/2008
Melissa M. Stiles, M.D.

The author discusses the conequences of child exposure to domestic violence across various ages, as well as prevention and screening techniques. Community advocacy is emphasized.

Witnessing Violence Fact Sheet

added 04/30/2008
Joanne Davis, Ph.D. & Ernestine Briggs, Ph.D

The authors discuss the types of violence that children witness, prevlance rates, correlates, and future directions for research.

Women and Health: Today’s Evidence, Tomorrow’s Agenda (pdf)

added 04/30/2010

"This report reviews evidence on the health issues that particularly affect girls and women throughout their life course. This report uses currently available data to draw attention to the consequences and costs of failing to address health issues at appropriate points in their lives."

Working with Young Children and Their Families: Recommendations for Domestic Violence Agencies and Batterer Intervention Programs (pdf)

added 11/17/2004
Abigail Gewirtz and Resma Menakem

This paper is part of series of papers that addresses the way to mobilize community and programatic resources to provide responsive help to children and families affected both by domestic violence and poverty. This particular paper addresses the way to offer support and safety for children while maintaining safety, autonomy and choide for battered women.

Young Children Living with Domestic Violence: The Role of Early Childhood Programs (pdf)

added 11/17/2004
Elena Cohen and Jane Knitzer

This paper is part of series of paper that addresses the way to mobilize community and programatic resources to provide responsive help to children and families affected both by domestic violence and poverty. This particular paper highlights the rold of early childhood programs in supporting staff, community and state programs on behalf of the children and families affected by domestic violence.

Young Children's Exposure to Adult Domestic Violence: Toward a Developmental Risk and Resilience Framework for Research and Intervention (pdf)

added 11/17/2004
Abigail Gewirtz and Jeffrey L. Edleson

This paper is part of series of paper that addresses the way to mobilize community and programatic resources to provide responsive help to children and families affected both by domestic violence and poverty. This particular paper addresses impacts of adult domestic violence to young children through developmental risk and resiliency.


Economic impact

2009 KIDS COUNT Data Book: State Profiles of Child Well-being (pdf)

added 09/18/2009

This 20th annual KIDS COUNT Data Book provides national and state-by-state information and statistical trends on the conditions of America’s children and families. The book reports on indicators of educational achievement, economic well-being, and health, among others. The book also ranks states on a composite indicator of child wellness, aggregating measures such as infant mortality rate, graduation rates, and children in poverty.

Beyond Child Labour, Affirming Rights (pdf)

added 03/18/2009

Beyond Child Labour shows how UNICEF and its major partners are working to end child labour, a cause of poverty.

Girls Count: A Global Investment & Action Agenda (pdf)

added 04/07/2010
Ruth Levine, Cynthia Lloyd, Margaret Greene, and Caren Grown, Center for Global Development

"This report describes why and how to initiate effective investments that will give adolescent girls in developing countries a full and equal chance for rewarding lives and livelihoods."

Girls Count: A Global Investment & Action Agenda

added 06/11/2008
Ruth Levine, Cynthia Lloyd, Margaret Greene, and Caren Grown for the Center for Global Development (2008)

"This report describes why and how to initiate effective investments that will give adolescent girls in developing countries a full and equal chance for rewarding lives and livelihoods."

Not Enough: What TANF Offers Family Violence Victims (pdf)

added 03/31/2010
Timothy Casey, Jill Davies, Annika Gifford, and Anne Menard

Based on a national survey of service providers, this report is a comprehensive effort to understand when TANF successfully assists victims of family violence, and when the program falls short.

Poverty and Domestic Violence

added 07/13/2010

"This special collection includes a categorized and selected listing of articles, fact sheets, papers, reports and surveys. It is offered as an additional tool to assist advocates working on and interested in poverty and how it relates to ending violence against women."

Preventing violence and reducing its impact: How development agencies can help (pdf)

added 09/09/2009

This document makes the case for increased attention on the impact of violence on development by international development agencies. A key aim is to stimulate dialogue on the role of international development agencies in the prevention of violence globally, and ultimately to increase investment in a commonly agreed set of applied violence prevention strategies. The primary audience for this document is policy-makers, high-level planners, and others in the international development field.

The Costs Of Child Abuse vs. Child Abuse Prevention: Michigan's Experience

added 04/26/1996
Robert A. Caldwell, Ph.D., Michigan State University

This report is a cost-benefit analysis of child abuse prevention.

The Economic Dimensions of Interpersonal Violence (pdf)

added 07/21/2009
Hugh Waters, et al., Department of Injuries and Violence Prevention, World Health Organization

This document examines the economic effects of interpersonal violence, including sexual violence, as well as the economic effects of interventions seeking to reduce violence and the ways in which economic factors such as poverty and income inequality contribute to violence.

The Impact of Conflict on Women and Girls in West and Central Africa and the UNICEF response (pdf)

added 03/13/2009

"This first-of-its-kind study by UNICEF on the situation of war-affected girls and women in the region highlights innovative programmes being implemented with partners to address the impact of conflict, and recommends how UNICEF can more proactively champion the rights of girls - particularly adolescent girls."

Vulnerable Children - Can administrative data be used to identify children at risk of adverse outcomes? (pdf)

added 11/07/2012
Rhema Vaithianathan, PhD (lead investigator), Centre for Applied Research in Economics (CARE), Department of Economics, University of Auckland

The Ministry of Social Development commissioned the University of Auckland to consider how predictive modelling could be used to target early intervention to reduce the risk of child abuse and neglect, and improve outcomes for children and young people. This research indicates that predicting risk modelling had a fair, approaching good, power in predicting which of the young children having contact with the benefit system would be the subject of substantiated maltreatment by age five. This report provides further detail on the predictive risk modelling system for Vulnerable Children.

Working with Young Children and Their Families: Recommendations for Domestic Violence Agencies and Batterer Intervention Programs (pdf)

added 11/17/2004
Abigail Gewirtz and Resma Menakem

This paper is part of series of papers that addresses the way to mobilize community and programatic resources to provide responsive help to children and families affected both by domestic violence and poverty. This particular paper addresses the way to offer support and safety for children while maintaining safety, autonomy and choide for battered women.


Global

15 Years of the United Nations Rapporteur on Violence against Women, Its Causes and Consequences (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

This report reviews the status of violence against women as researched in 14 annual reports, 32 country mission reports, and 11 communication reports published as recently as December 2008. The report focuses on reproductive health and rights, poverty, migration, internally displaced persons (IDPs), women refugees, trafficking, aging, and adolescent girls. It also highlights how the mandate on violence against women has changed, what has been learned, and problems still to be addressed.

A Family Resource Guide on International Parental Kidnapping (pdf)

added 04/22/2002
Fox Valley Technical College for U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

Presents practical and detailed advice about preventing international kidnapping and increasing the chance that children who are kidnapped or wrongfully retained will be returned. It provides descriptions and realistic assessments of the civil and criminal remedies available in international parental kidnapping cases, explains applicable laws and identifies both the public and private resources that may be called upon when an international abduction occurs or is threatened, and prepares parents for the legal and emotional difficulties they may experience.

A League Table of Child Maltreatment Deaths in Rich Nations (pdf)

added 11/06/2003

This report represents the first ever attempt to draw a comparative picture of the physical abuse of children in the 27 richest nations of the world. UNICEF research estimates that almost 3,500 children under the age of 15 die from physical abuse and neglect every year in the industrialized world.

Addressing Gender-based Violence: UNFPA Strategy and Framework for Action (pdf)

added 03/11/2009

This report, grounded in UNFPA's overarching goal of eliminating violence against women and girls, identifies particular areas where action is most urgently needed and proposes general policy frameworks for combating gender-based violence.

Beyond Child Labour, Affirming Rights (pdf)

added 03/18/2009

Beyond Child Labour shows how UNICEF and its major partners are working to end child labour, a cause of poverty.

Child Abuse: Statistics, Research, and Resources

added 01/19/2000
Jim Hopper, Ph.D. at the Boston University School of Medicine

Gives historical contexts, sources of statistics, and statistical tools. Also includes official statistics on child abuse for the United States, Canada, Australia, and England. Discusses the prevalance of the sexual abuse of boys and the effects of child abuse, and gives resources for parents and caregivers.

Child Protection Information Sheets (pdf)

added 03/18/2009

"This booklet comprises 14 information sheets which highlight how child protection is crucial to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. Covering different forms of abuse, these sheets also outline how to build a protective environment for children and what UNICEF is doing on the ground to protect children."

Child Trafficking for Sexual Purposes Report (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

End Child Prostitution, Child Pornography and Trafficking of Children for Sexual Purposes (ECPAT International) released a report in November 2008 on the global problem of child sex trafficking. The report sums up progress countries have made since passing laws to combat child sex trafficking. Finally, the report highlights key lessons learned and discusses six recommendations to improve strategies and policies.

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

added 03/27/1997

The Human Rights Reports cover internationally recognized individual, civil, political, and worker rights, as set forth in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international agreements. The U.S. Department of State submits reports on all countries receiving assistance and all United Nations member states to the U.S. Congress in accordance with the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and the Trade Act of 1974.

Delaying Marriage for Girls in India: A Formative Research to Design Interventions for Changing Norms (pdf)

added 03/08/2012

This study aims to contribute to understanding the issue of child marriage by providing new findings and insights from the States of Rajasthan and Bihar. Findings from the study, undertaken by the International Center for Research on Women reveal that deeply entrenched norms are slowly changing through promising interventions to delay marriage and encourage girls' education. The report also makes recommendations toward the development of an integrated intervention strategy to delay marriage for girls by enhancing girls' access to education, empowerment, community mobilization, partnership with media, and strengthening of law enforcement.

Domestic Violence Against Women in Albania (pdf)

added 09/30/2009

"This qualitative report examines the prevalence of domestic violence in Albania, including forms of domestic violence and complicating factors."

Domestic violence laws in Australia (pdf)

added 11/11/2009

The report analyzes domestic violence legislation in all Australian States and Territories and in New Zealand in order to assist the Australian Government’s National Plan to Reduce Violence Against Women and their Children. The report notes gaps and overlaps between State and Territory domestic violence protection orders and the Family Law Act 1975.

Don't Turn Your Back On Girls: Sexual Violence Against Girls In Haiti (pdf)

added 02/25/2009

A comprehensive report on sexual violence against girls in Haiti released by Amnesty International in late November of 2008. Over half of the 105 rapes reported in Haiti by the end of November were committed against girls under the age of 18, according to one of the few organizations in the country which collect rape statistics. The report includes findings on rape as a political weapon, the role of discrimination and poverty, and the state’s response.

Eliminating Violence against Children (pdf)

added 03/13/2009
Inter-Parliamentary Union and UNICEF

"Jointly produced by UNICEF and the Inter-Parliamentary Union, this handbook describes measures parliamentarians can take to end violence against children: they can legislate, oversee government activities, allocate financial resources and, as leaders in their nations and communities, raise awareness of issues."

Ending Violence Against Women

added 06/11/2008
Lori Heise, Mary Ellsberg and Megan Gottemoeller, Series L, Number 11, in Population Reports (December 1999)

"Highlights the 2 most prevalent types of abuse in the lives of women and girls around the world: intimate partner violence and rape. Demonstrates how world-wide gender-based violence is a major public health concern, suggesting strategies to respond."

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: A statistical exploration

added 06/11/2008
The United Nations Children's Fund (November 2005)

"This publication analyzes available statistics on female genital mutilation/cutting, with the aim of improving understanding of related issues in the wider context of gender equality and social change."

Girls Count: A Global Investment & Action Agenda (pdf)

added 04/07/2010
Ruth Levine, Cynthia Lloyd, Margaret Greene, and Caren Grown, Center for Global Development

"This report describes why and how to initiate effective investments that will give adolescent girls in developing countries a full and equal chance for rewarding lives and livelihoods."

Girls Count: A Global Investment & Action Agenda

added 06/11/2008
Ruth Levine, Cynthia Lloyd, Margaret Greene, and Caren Grown for the Center for Global Development (2008)

"This report describes why and how to initiate effective investments that will give adolescent girls in developing countries a full and equal chance for rewarding lives and livelihoods."

Human Rights Watch World Report 2010 (pdf)

added 07/28/2010

"This 20th annual World Report summarizes human rights conditions in more than 90 countries and territories worldwide. It reflects extensive investigative work undertaken in 2009 by Human Rights Watch staff, usually in close partnership with human rights activists in the country in question."

Issues in Resolving Cases of International Child Abduction by Parents (pdf)

added 04/22/2002
Chiancone, J., Girdner, L., and Hoff, P.

Dec. 2001 Bulletin. Presents key findings from a study funded by OJJDP to identify barriers encountered by those seeking to resolve cases of international child abduction by parents. Conducted by the American Bar Association Center on Children and the Law, the study explored experiences of left-behind parents, practices of Hague Convention Central Authorities (agencies responsible for handling international abduction cases), and promising strategies for law enforcement personnel and other professionals. The Bulletin features highlights from the study, including survey results, best practices, and recommendations. It also provides background information on international parental abductions and the legal framework that affects these cases.

Make it Matter: 10 Key Advocacy Messages to Prevent HIV in Girls and Young Women (pdf)

added 04/16/2010
IPPF, UNFPA, Young Positives, Global Coalition on Women & AIDS

"The aim of this guide is to equip its users with key messages, evidence and actions that can be used to advocate effectively to prevent HIV in girls and young women. It focuses on three goals as a response to the epidemic: improving the accessibility of sexual and reproductive health services for girls and young women; expanding socio-economic opportunities; and ending child marriage."

No One to Turn To: The Under-Reporting of Child Sexual Exploitation and Abuse by Aid Workers and Peacekeepers (pdf)

added 09/21/2010

No One to Turn To seeks to move the debate on and reinvigorate efforts to address the problem of the under-reporting of child sexual exploitation and abuse by aid workers and peacekeepers. Based on research with communities and international organizations, it examines the chronic under-reporting of abuse and the inadequate response to it. It provides new analysis on why this abuse persists despite international efforts to stop it, and proposes new solutions to tackle it.
Also available in French

Predictable, Preventable: Best Practices for Addressing Interpersonal and Self-Directed Violence During and After Disasters (pdf)

added 06/01/2012
Canadian Red Cross & the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

This report highlights why and how interpersonal and self-directed violence during and after disasters is a predictable and preventable problem and the actions the International Federation and its partner agencies should take to have a more engaged role in addressing the problem. Canadian Red Cross & the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

Preventing violence and reducing its impact: How development agencies can help (pdf)

added 09/09/2009

This document makes the case for increased attention on the impact of violence on development by international development agencies. A key aim is to stimulate dialogue on the role of international development agencies in the prevention of violence globally, and ultimately to increase investment in a commonly agreed set of applied violence prevention strategies. The primary audience for this document is policy-makers, high-level planners, and others in the international development field.

Profiting from abuse: An investigation into the sexual exploitation of children (pdf)

added 07/07/2008
UNICEF

"Highlights ways children are sexually exploited around the world, factors contributing to this exploitation, and responses various states, communities, organizations, and individuals have taken to respond to/prevent/decrease child sexual exploitation."

Prostitution of Children and Child-Sex Tourism: An Analysis of Domestic and International Responses (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Eva J. Klain, JD, of the American Bar Association Center on Children and the Law

"This paper addresses both domestic and international responses to the prostitution of children within the United States and abroad. The author highlights policy and practice issues regarding the legal system and social-service responses to prostituted children."

Security Begins at Home (pdf)

added 02/25/2009

The Kosova Women’s Network released the country’s first study on domestic violence, called Security Begins at Home. The report highlights key points such as: what the citizens of Kosovo perceive as domestic violence, the forms and consequences of domestic violence, citizens' response to ending it, and the legal and institutional gaps in addressing it.

South Asia in Action: Preventing and responding to child trafficking - Analysis of anti-trafficking initiatives in the region (pdf)

added 06/08/2010

"This publication presents a regional analysis of anti-trafficking measures relevant to children in the countries of South Asia. It assesses national legal and policy frameworks and provides a list of recommended actions for the application of a rights-based approach to child trafficking."

The Future of the Grave Risk Of Harm Defense in Hague Cases

added 07/19/2010
Jeremy D. Morley

This article discusses the future of the grave risk of harm defense in Hague Convention international child abduction cases. It provides an interpretation of the Hague Convention in the traditional view as well as in the context of domestic violence. Examples of court rulings are provided which evaluated the nature of abuse and the likelihood of legal protection in the country to which the children are being returned.

The Hague Convention Project

added 02/10/2006

The project seeks to increase the identification of violence against women in international parental child abduction cases processed in U.S. Courts. That identification will allow the American legal community to help protect battered mothers and their children as they cross international borders to safety in the United States. Specifically, this Web site provides information and resources for individuals, attorneys and non-lawyers who litigate or participate in cases involving the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction where domestic violence is an issue.

The Impact of Conflict on Women and Girls in West and Central Africa and the UNICEF response (pdf)

added 03/13/2009

"This first-of-its-kind study by UNICEF on the situation of war-affected girls and women in the region highlights innovative programmes being implemented with partners to address the impact of conflict, and recommends how UNICEF can more proactively champion the rights of girls - particularly adolescent girls."

The State of the World's Children 2009 Report

added 03/13/2009

"The State of the World's Children 2009 examines critical issues in maternal and newborn health, underscoring the need to establish a comprehensive continuum of care for mothers, newborns and children. The report outlines the latest paradigms in health programming and policies for mothers and newborns, and explores policies, programmes and partnerships aimed at improving maternal and neonatal health. Africa and Asia are a key focus for this report, which complements the previous year's issue on child survival."

Third Milestones of a Global Campaign for Violence Prevention Report 2007: Scaling Up

added 06/11/2008
World Health Organization (WHO) (2007)

"Reviews progress that has been made in violence prevention since October 2002 and sets out what the World Health Organization and its partners can do over the next 5 years to expand programming and to demonstrate the impact of violence prevention."

Together We Must! End Violence against Women and Girls and HIV & AIDS (pdf)

added 12/17/2009
Jacqui Patterson, with contributions from Nazneen Damji, Deborah McKinney, Neelanjana Mukhia, Everjoice Win and Jenny Drezin

"This document represents an initial effort to draw attention to the knowledge, institutional capacity and resources needed to comprehensively address the intersection between HIV & AIDS and VAWG. The aim is to stimulate debate and collaboration among practitioners and advocates around how to identify and promote effective prevention policies and practices that can be adapted to various contexts."

Trafficking in Persons Report 2009 (pdf)

added 06/23/2009

"The ninth annual report seeks to increase global awareness of the human trafficking phenomenon by shedding new light on various facets of the problem and highlighting shared and individual efforts of the international community, and to encourage foreign governments to take effective action against all forms of trafficking in persons."

Trafficking in Persons Report 2010 (pdf)

added 02/01/2011
US Department of State

"The 10th annual Trafficking in Persons Report outlines the continuing challenges across the globe, including in the United States. This year’s report highlights several key trends, including the suffering of women and children in involuntary domestic servitude, the challenges and successes in identifying and protecting victims, and the need to include anti-trafficking policies in our response to natural disasters."

UN study on Violence Against Children

added 03/13/2009

"A press release on a new effort to provide a detailed global picture of the nature, extent and causes of violence against children, and propose clear recommendations for action to prevent and reduce such violence. The study focuses on violence against children in five settings: the home and family, schools and educational settings, other institutional settings (orphanages, children in conflict with the law), the community and on the streets, and work situations. "

Violence Against Girls in Conflict with the Law

added 07/21/2009

This article documents the particular vulnerability to sexual abuse and rape of girls who come into contact with police and juvenile justice systems in various countries.

Women and Health: Today’s Evidence, Tomorrow’s Agenda (pdf)

added 04/30/2010

"This report reviews evidence on the health issues that particularly affect girls and women throughout their life course. This report uses currently available data to draw attention to the consequences and costs of failing to address health issues at appropriate points in their lives."

Workers in the Shadows: Abuse and Exploitation of Child Domestic Workers in Indonesia (pdf)

added 10/02/2009

"This report documents how hundreds of thousands of girls in Indonesia, some as young as 11, are employed as domestic workers in other people’s households, performing tasks such as cooking, cleaning, laundry, and child care. Most girls interviewed for the report worked 14 to 18 hours a day, seven days a week, with no day off. Almost all are grossly underpaid, and some get no salary at all. In the worst cases, girls reported being physically, psychologically, and sexually abused."


Health/medical profession

Building Academic Capacity and Expertise in the Health Effects of Violence and Abuse (pdf)

added 07/17/2008
Mitchell C, Block R, Christensen M, Ettinger, B, Ismailji T, Kelley S, McCollum D, Mouton C.

This report was created from the Proceedings from a Pre-Conference Symposium at the Family Violence Prevention Fund which offers a blueprint on advancing professional health education from a perspective on the health effects on violence and abuse.

2009 KIDS COUNT Data Book: State Profiles of Child Well-being (pdf)

added 09/18/2009

This 20th annual KIDS COUNT Data Book provides national and state-by-state information and statistical trends on the conditions of America’s children and families. The book reports on indicators of educational achievement, economic well-being, and health, among others. The book also ranks states on a composite indicator of child wellness, aggregating measures such as infant mortality rate, graduation rates, and children in poverty.

Adaptation Guidelines for Serving Latino Children and Families Affected by Trauma (pdf)

added 01/13/2009
Chadwick Center for Children and Families, Rady Children’s Hospital - San Diego

"This document was created by experts in the fields of child trauma research, clinical practice, policy and cultural diversity to serve as a resource for anyone who works with Latino families who have experienced traumatic events. There are 12 priority areas covered ranging from micro issues (assessment and provision of therapy) to macro issues (organizational competence and policy). Each one includes an overview of the priority area, recommendations for improving practice based on that priority area, and additional resources for further information. Portions of these guidelines are geared for advocates and therapists, while other priority areas are designed for program administrators and policy makers."

Addressing Gender-based Violence: UNFPA Strategy and Framework for Action (pdf)

added 03/11/2009

This report, grounded in UNFPA's overarching goal of eliminating violence against women and girls, identifies particular areas where action is most urgently needed and proposes general policy frameworks for combating gender-based violence.

Addressing the Intersection: Preventing Violence and Promoting Healthy Eating and Active Living (pdf)

added 06/07/2010

"This document provides an explanation of the inter-relationship between violence and healthy eating and activity. The findings and recommendations offered in this paper can support practitioners and advocates in their work to prevent chronic disease in communities heavily impacted by violence. "

Advancing the Nation's Health: A Guide to Public Health Research Needs, 2006-2015 (pdf)

added 07/07/2008
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

"This guide is meant to serve as a critical resource for research areas that should be addressed during the next decade by CDC and its partners in response to current and future public health needs and events."

Boys will be Boys: Understanding the Impact of Child Maltreatment and Family Violence on the Sexual, Reproductive, and Parenting Behaviors of Young Men (pdf)

added 06/25/2010
Abby Kahn and Pat Paluzzi, Healthy Teen Network

A paper on the impact of physical, sexual, and psychological abuse, and exposure to family violence on the sexual, reproductive, and parenting behaviors of young men.

Child Abuse and Neglect Fatalities: Statistics and Interventions (pdf)

added 04/01/2009

"This 2008 brief report presents statistical information on maltreatment-related fatalities of children including who are the victims and perpetrators and how communities often respond. "

Child Abuse and Pediatric Social Illness: An Epidemiological Analysis and Ecological Reformulation

added 09/18/2006

This study discusses the findings as determined by a case-control study of children placed in the hospital for immediate medical attention and their caregivers who brought them there. The comparative samples are those who are suspected to have experienced a form of child abuse/neglect versus those children with comparable presenting symptoms but not likely to have experience child abuse/neglect.

Child Abuse Incidence and Reporting by Hospitals: Significance of Severity, Class, and Race

added 09/18/2006

The study summarizes the data collected from a study that measured the variation in treatment and child protection cases reported by hospital workers. Findings suggested that race, the income and living situation of the family, alleged offender responsible for the child abuse, as well as the degree and type of abuse that occurred were all factors that dictated whether or not a hospital filed a report with child protection on behalf of the child's safety.

Child Physical Abuse: A Problematic Rediscovery

added 09/19/2006

This article addresses the waxing and waning attention that childhood physical abuse has received over the course of history.

Child Protection Information Sheets (pdf)

added 03/18/2009

"This booklet comprises 14 information sheets which highlight how child protection is crucial to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. Covering different forms of abuse, these sheets also outline how to build a protective environment for children and what UNICEF is doing on the ground to protect children."

Child Sexual Abuse and Subsequent Psychopathology: Results From the National Comorbidity Survey (pdf)

added 08/19/2008
Beth E. Molnar, ScD, Stephen L. Buka, ScD, and Ronald C. Kessler, PhD

"This study examines the relationship between child sexual abuse (CSA) and subsequent onset of psychiatric disorders, accounting for other childhood adversities, CSA type, and chronicity of the abuse."

Childhood Experience and the Expression of Genetic Potential: What Childhood Neglect Tells Us About Nature and Nurture (pdf)

added 02/25/2009
Bruce D. Perry

"Abuse studies from the author’s laboratory, studies of children in orphanages who lacked emotional contact, and a large number of animal deprivation and enrichment studies point to the need for children and young nonhuman mammals to have both stable emotional attachments with and touch from primary adult caregivers, and spontaneous interactions with peers. If these connections are lacking, brain development both of caring behavior and cognitive capacities is damaged in a lasting fashion. The effects of the childhood environment, favorable or unfavorable, interact with all the processes of neurodevelopment."

Consensus and Difference Among Hospital Professionals in Evaluating Child Maltreatment

added 09/18/2006

This article summarizes the findings revealed through multidisciplinary consultation assessing the severity of known child abuse cases, and reported their conclusions in survey-format. An exploratory factor analysis yielded five categories of maltreatment: physical abuse, sexual abuse, general failures in care, minor neglect/discipline, and lifestyles/values.

Developmental Status and Early Intervention Service Needs of Maltreated Children (pdf)

added 01/13/2009
J. Losby et al.

"In this report, published by the Institute for Social and Economic Development, the authors analyze findings from the National Early Intervention Longitudinal Study and the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being. They provide information about the developmental status and early intervention service needs of children under age three who are substantiated for maltreatment. Topics include: 1) the extent to which maltreated children have developmental problems or are subject to factors associated with poor developmental outcomes; 2) the services maltreated children might be eligible for and ones they receive through the child welfare systems; 3) case characteristics, such as child welfare setting, that impact the effect of developmental services; and 4) existing barriers to services."

Did You Know Your Relationship Affects Your Health? (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

A tri-fold patient safety card which contains a checklist to assess safety, healthy/unhealthy relationships, and children's exposure to violence. The card also provides resources and information on how to get help.

Did You Know Your Relationship Affects Your Health? (Spanish) (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

A tri-fold patient safety card which contains a checklist to assess safety, healthy/unhealthy relationships, and children's exposure to violence. The card also provides resources and information on how to get help.

Domestic Violence and Children: A Children's Health Fund Report (pdf)

added 05/09/2007
Peter A. Sherman, MD, Division of Community Pediatrics The Children’s Hospital at Montefiore

The author discusses domestic violence as a pediatric issue highlighting the number of children exposed to domestic violence each year and the consequences of such exposure.

Eliminating Violence against Children (pdf)

added 03/13/2009
Inter-Parliamentary Union and UNICEF

"Jointly produced by UNICEF and the Inter-Parliamentary Union, this handbook describes measures parliamentarians can take to end violence against children: they can legislate, oversee government activities, allocate financial resources and, as leaders in their nations and communities, raise awareness of issues."

Ending Violence Against Women

added 06/11/2008
Lori Heise, Mary Ellsberg and Megan Gottemoeller, Series L, Number 11, in Population Reports (December 1999)

"Highlights the 2 most prevalent types of abuse in the lives of women and girls around the world: intimate partner violence and rape. Demonstrates how world-wide gender-based violence is a major public health concern, suggesting strategies to respond."

Environmental Correlates of Pediatric Social Illness: Preventive Implications of an Advocacy Approach

added 09/18/2006

"A controlled prospective study of child abuse and neglect, failure to thrive, accidents and poisonings included 303 inpatients and 257 outpatients. Analysis of maternal interview and clinical data demonstrated significant differences between cases and controls in summative indices of environmental stress, including housing, employment, and access to essential services." - excerpt from abstract

Evaluating Children’s Advocacy Centers’ Response to Child Sexual Abuse (pdf)

added 09/12/2008
Theodore P. Cross, Lisa M. Jones, Wendy A. Walsh, Monique Simone, David J. Kolko, Joyce Szczepanski, Tonya Lippert, Karen Davison, Arthur Cryns, Polly Sosnowski, Amy Shadoin, and Suzanne Magnuson

"With funding from OJJDP, researchers have now completed a four-site evaluation of CACs that, for the first time, contrasts them with comparison communities that did not have a CAC. This Bulletin presents an overview of the results. It examines how CACs affect forensic interviewing, child victim disclosures about abuse, children’s receipt of medical exams and mental health services, prosecution and conviction of offenders, removal of children from their homes, and family satisfaction with child abuse investigations."

Family Violence Nursing Curriculum

added 08/04/2004
Marlene Jezierski, Maura Lynch, Margaret Dexheimer Pharris, Judi Sateren

While nurses must be able to respond skillfully to victims of all types of violence, responding to victims of family violence requires sensitivity rooted in understanding how it differs from other types of violence. The content of this curriculum, which grew out of the 1999 American Association of Colleges of Nursing competencies, was developed in response to those findings to provide Minnesota nursing faculty essential curricular information to develop student competence in preventing, assessing, and responding to family violence across the lifespan.

Other formats: plaintext • pdf

Family Violence: An Intervention Model for Dental Professionals (pdf)

added 07/21/2006
Kristin Littel

Efforts to strengthen responses by health care professionals to family violence have increased dramatically in recent years. As a result, more health care providers are able to recognize the signs of abuse and assist patients who are victims. However, dental professionals appear to be the least likely of all clinicians to suspect and intervene in family violence, even though injuries to the head and neck are present in 60 percent or more of abuse cases. Although they may see abuse-related injuries during patient visits, dental professionals typically have not been trained to recognize the causes of these injuries or how to offer intervention and referrals to patients. This bulletin describes a training model that teaches dental professionals how to recognize symptoms and patterns of abuse, create a safe environment for disclosure, intervene appropriately, refer patients to appropriate services, and file mandatory reports. The bulletin also underscores the importance of including dental professionals in community efforts to coordinate response to family violence.

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: A statistical exploration

added 06/11/2008
The United Nations Children's Fund (November 2005)

"This publication analyzes available statistics on female genital mutilation/cutting, with the aim of improving understanding of related issues in the wider context of gender equality and social change."

Girls Count: A Global Investment & Action Agenda (pdf)

added 04/07/2010
Ruth Levine, Cynthia Lloyd, Margaret Greene, and Caren Grown, Center for Global Development

"This report describes why and how to initiate effective investments that will give adolescent girls in developing countries a full and equal chance for rewarding lives and livelihoods."

Handbook on Sensitive Practice for Health Care Practitioners: Lessons from Adult Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse

added 09/22/2004
Candice Schachter, Carol Stalker, Eli Teram, Gerri C. Lasiuk, Alanna Danilkewich

This handbook is designed to help health professionals address the health care needs of adult female survivors of childhood sexual abuse. It provides background information about childhood sexual abuse and its effects on survivors. It also introduces the principles of sensitive practice and provides practical suggestions that health professionals can incorporate into their clinical practice.

Health Care Costs Associated with Violence in Pennsylvania (pdf)

added 08/11/2008
Health Services Research (August 2000)

"Reports the impact of violence in Pennsylvania including interpersonal violence (homicide, aggravated assault, rape) domestic violence (partner, child and elder abuse) and self-directed violence (suicide and attempted suicide)."

Helping Children Cope with Violence: A School-Based Program That Works (pdf)

added 10/26/2005
A RAND Corporation publication

Violence is one of our most significant public health issues. Children exposed to violence frequently develop post-traumatic stress symptoms. They are more likely to have behavioral problems, poorer school performance, more days of school absence, and feelings of depression and anxiety. School officials are often willing to provide help at school. But these professionals face an important question: What works? There have been no randomized controlled trials of intervention effectiveness with which to answer this question. To fill this gap, a team of clinician-researchers from several institutions collaborated to develop, implement, and evaluate an intervention designed to help children traumatized by violence. The team included professionals from the RAND Corporation, the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), and the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD).

Helping Young Children Affected by Domestic Violence: The Role of Pediatric Health Settiings (pdf)

added 11/17/2004
Betsy McAlister Groves and Ken Fox

This paper is part of series of paper that addresses the way to mobilize community and programatic resources to provide responsive help to children and families affected both by domestic violence and poverty. This particular paper addresses importance of pediatric health care and mental health care in addressing domestic violence.

Identifying and Responding to Domestic Violence: Consensus Recommendations for Child and Adolescent Health

added 03/21/2003

The guidelines offered here provide specific recommendations for screening and responding to domestic violence in child health settings, which provide a unique and important opportunity to screen for domestic violence and to educate parents about the impact of such violence on children. These guidelines also speak to the need for child health providers to engage in, model, and take leadership in delivering effective primary prevention of domestic violence, as well as other types of family and community violence, by highlighting violence prevention during well child and other routine visits, as a component of routine anticipatory guidance.

Immigration Reporting Laws: Ethical Dilemmas in Pediatric Practice (pdf)

added 09/25/2008
Paul L. Geltman, MD, MPH, and Alan F. Meyers, MD, MPH

"This study assessed the potential impact of immigration reporting requirements on pediatricians' referrals to child protective services. The study concluded that Pediatricians, as mandated reporters of child abuse, will face ethical dilemmas if laws requiring reporting of immigration status is enacted."

In Their Own Words: Trauma survivors and professionals they trust tell what hurts, what helps, and what is needed for trauma services (pdf)

added 04/07/2011
Ann Jennings, Ph.D and Ruth O. Ralph, Ph.D.

The purpose of this report is to capture and publish information from an exhaustive needs assessment process conducted over a period of nine months. In Their Own Words is the work of over 200 courageous women and men in the State of Maine who have dared to hope that the truth and wisdom of their experience will be heard by those in power, and that Maine’s mental health and human service systems will respond to the long ignored plight of children and adults traumatized by histories of interpersonal violence.

Intimate or Childhood Sexual Abuse and Obesity in Kentucky

added 11/04/2008
Ann L. Coker, PhD, MPH; Corrine Williams, ScD; James E. Ferguson, II, MD; Heather M. Bush, PhD; Yasmin Parrish; Leslie Crofford, MD

This study concluded that sexual abuse, whether experienced as an adult or child, was associated with a 32% increase in obesity among 4,391 women in Kentucky. The study also found that intimate partner violence and obesity are common health threats for women. The authors suggest that efforts to prevent physical and sexual abuse and mental health consequences of abuse on victims can have implications to improve women's health.

Make it Matter: 10 Key Advocacy Messages to Prevent HIV in Girls and Young Women (pdf)

added 04/16/2010
IPPF, UNFPA, Young Positives, Global Coalition on Women & AIDS

"The aim of this guide is to equip its users with key messages, evidence and actions that can be used to advocate effectively to prevent HIV in girls and young women. It focuses on three goals as a response to the epidemic: improving the accessibility of sexual and reproductive health services for girls and young women; expanding socio-economic opportunities; and ending child marriage."

Mandatory Reporting of Child Abuse and Neglect: State Statutes and Professional Ethics (pdf)

added 06/03/2009
National District Attorneys Association

A comprehensive listing of state statutes on mandatory reporting of child abuse and neglect. Also included is a listing of reporting requirements and code of ethics for professionals in various fields.

Multi-Agency Practice Guidelines: Handling Cases of Forced Marriage (pdf)

added 08/15/2009
United Kingdom's Forced Marriage Unit

"This report lists warning signs and appropriate actions for teachers and other school employees to take when they suspect a forced marriage of a child is imminent. The report also contains guidelines for police officers, health care professionals, and social workers, and provides general information on good practices when caring for victims of forced marriage."

Pediatric Social Illness: Toward an Etiologic Classification

added 09/19/2006

"Child abuse is associated with more extreme stresses in all categories studied; failure to thrive with maternal historical stresses, perceived sickness of the index child, and contemporary social isolation; and accidents with contemporary household crises." excerpt from abstract

Preliminary Adaptations for Working with Traumatized Latino/Hispanic Children and Their Families (pdf)

added 11/30/2010

The Culture and Trauma Briefs series serves to support the NCTSN commitment to raising the standard of care for traumatized children, their families, and their communities by highlighting the diversity of needs and experiences of those children, families, and communities.
This report was developed through information gathered via a preliminary focus group of bilingual/bicultural therapists at a children's hospital in California to address the needs of diverse Latino populations seeking care.

Preventing violence and reducing its impact: How development agencies can help (pdf)

added 09/09/2009

This document makes the case for increased attention on the impact of violence on development by international development agencies. A key aim is to stimulate dialogue on the role of international development agencies in the prevention of violence globally, and ultimately to increase investment in a commonly agreed set of applied violence prevention strategies. The primary audience for this document is policy-makers, high-level planners, and others in the international development field.

Psychological Abuse: A Discussion Paper (pdf)

added 05/27/2009
Deborah Doherty and Dorothy Berglund

"This paper is a review of research on psychological abuse in interpersonal and family relationships including in settings such as long-term care residences.The paper presents research findings on the personal, economic and health related costs of psychological abuse to the individual and to society, and briefly outlines legal recourses for victims. It concludes by exploring ways to recognize and address psychological abuse, while emphasizing the importance of developing holistic approaches "

Realizing the Promise of Home Visitation: Addressing Domestic Violence and Child Maltreatment (pdf)

added 03/07/2010

"This guide is intended to help policy makers and advocates build a strong national policy framework to maximize the effectiveness and reach of early childhood home visiting programs. It is intended to ensure that federal home visiting policies directly address: the needs of mothers and children who are experiencing or at risk of experiencing domestic violence, the link between domestic violence and child abuse and neglect, and the impact of domestic violence on the health and well-being of children and families."

Reducing the Literal and Human Cost of Child Abuse: Impact of a New Hospital Management System

added 09/18/2006

This article summarizes a study that assessed the medical care costs as well as human total cost of child abuse both before and after the implementation of a new system of care. This new system involved multiple disciplines caring for each child simultaneously as well as involved frequent consultation on an interdisciplinary level.

Relationship of Childhood Abuse and Household Dysfunction to Many of the Leading Causes of Death in Adults: The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study (pdf)

added 08/23/2011
Vincent J. Felitti, et al.

This article seeks to gain more of an understanding of the relationship between health risk behavior and disease in adulthood and the breadth of exposure to childhood emotional, physical, or sexual abuse, and household dysfunction during childhood. They conclude that a strong relationship does exist and that adverse childhood exposure can lead to multiple risk factors for several of the leading causes of death in adults.

Reporting of Suspicious Wounds by Health Professionals: Minnesota Statute 626.52

added 11/27/2001

Posted by the Minnesota Office of the Revisor of Statutes. Discusses the statute, the fact that health professionals are required to report suspicious wounds and burns, and immunity from liability.

Sexual Intercourse Among Adolescents Maltreated Before Age 12: A Prospective Investigation (pdf)

added 11/01/2009
Maureen M. Black, PhD, Sarah E. Oberlander, PhD, Terri Lewis, PhD, Elizabeth D. Knight, MSW, Adam J. Zolotor, MD, MPH, Alan J. Litrownik, PhD, Richard Thompson, PhD, Howard Dubowitz, MS, MD, Diana E. English, PhD

"This study found that maltreatment (regardless of type) predicts sexual intercourse by 14 and 16. Emotional distress explains the relationship by 14. By 16, other factors likely contribute to intercourse. Maltreated children are at risk for early initiation of sexual intercourse and sexually active adolescents should be evaluated for possible maltreatment."

Shattered Hearts: The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of American Indian Women and Girls in Minnesota (pdf)

added 10/18/2009

A groundbreaking report released by the Minnesota Indian Women’s Resource Center (MIWRC) highlights the alarming and pervasive sex trafficking of American Indian women and girls in Minnesota. The first comprehensive report of its kind, it highlights risk factors for victims that include poverty, a disproportionate number of American Indian homeless, high incidences of overall sexual assault, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and pervasive multi-generational trauma.

Status of Girls in Minnesota

added 05/25/2010
Women’s Foundation of Minnesota and the Institute for Women’s Policy Research

"This 2008 report provides detailed information on the status of girls in Minnesota. It also serves as a tool for advocates, researchers, and policy makers in developing a set of interventions that will ensure girls’ economic, social, and political equality in the state. "

Surveillance for Violent Deaths -- National Violent Death Reporting System, 16 States, 2005

added 04/08/2009

"This report summarizes data from CDC's National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) regarding violent deaths from 16 U.S. states for 2005. Results are reported by sex, age group, race/ethnicity, marital status, location of injury, method of injury, circumstances of injury, and other selected characteristics."

Swallowing the Hurt: Exploring the Links Between Anorexia, Bulimia and Violence Against Women and Girls

added 09/09/2003
Shelley Moore, with the assistance of Kelly D'Aoust, Donna Robertson, Christina Savage and Yasmin Jiwani

This report examines the links between eating disorders and violence against women and girls. It is based on information gathered from published literature as well as consultations with community workers, health practitioners, and mental health professionals. “Swallowing the Hurt” has been designed for use by frontline workers, health care and social service professionals, educators, and researchers who offer services directly for or who may interact with women and girls experiencing eating disorders or violence.

The Effects of Childhood Stress on Health Across the Lifespan

added 06/11/2008
Jennifer S. Middlebrooks, MSW, MPH and Natalie C. Audage, MPH for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (2008)

"This document summarizes the available research on childhood stress and its long-term consequences. Of particular interest is the stress caused by child abuse, neglect, and repeated exposure to intimate partner violence."

The evaluation of sexual abuse in children

added 11/30/2005
Kellogg, N

Sexually abused children are seen by pediatricians and family care practitioners in a variety of circumstances, but the diagnosis of sexual abuse and the protection of the child from additional harm depend in part on the provider's willingness to consider abuse as a possibility. Sexually abused children who have not disclosed abuse may present with a variety of symptoms and signs. Released by the National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC), the Evaluation of Sexual Abuse in Children was developed by the American Academy of Pediatrics to assist pediatric and family care providers in effectively evaluating and caring for children who are sexually abused.

The Facts on Health Care & Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 08/11/2008

"Statistics on domestic violence incidents highlighting health consequences to the victim, children's health issues, hospital and other health service costs, identification and screening practices in health care settings, and domestic violence during and after pregnancy."

The Health Impacts on Adult Women of Childhood Sexual Violence Before the Age of Twelve Years

added 07/13/1999
Karen Hughes, Heather Stephens, Amy Difranco, Linda Manning, Natalie van der Torrn, Cathy North & Miriam Taylor

This is a 1998 report by seven authors of Ipswich, Queensland, Australia. The authors describe the health consequences in adulthood that often emerge as a consequence of childhood sexual violence. High rates of depression and dissociation resulted, as well as a low rate of school completion. The experiences of women when they sought help are described.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

The Impact of Conflict on Women and Girls in West and Central Africa and the UNICEF response (pdf)

added 03/13/2009

"This first-of-its-kind study by UNICEF on the situation of war-affected girls and women in the region highlights innovative programmes being implemented with partners to address the impact of conflict, and recommends how UNICEF can more proactively champion the rights of girls - particularly adolescent girls."

The Safe Start Center Series on Children Exposed to Violence: Pediatric Care Settings (pdf)

added 11/04/2009
Betsy McAlister Groves, LICSW, and Marilyn Augustyn, MD

This issue brief translates emerging research and program practice into action steps for practitioners in pediatric care settings to design and implement programs that meet the needs of children who are exposed to violence.

The State of the World's Children 2009 Report

added 03/13/2009

"The State of the World's Children 2009 examines critical issues in maternal and newborn health, underscoring the need to establish a comprehensive continuum of care for mothers, newborns and children. The report outlines the latest paradigms in health programming and policies for mothers and newborns, and explores policies, programmes and partnerships aimed at improving maternal and neonatal health. Africa and Asia are a key focus for this report, which complements the previous year's issue on child survival."

Tips for Social Workers, Counselors, Health Workers, Teachers, Clergy and Others Helping Victims of Rape, Domestic Violence, and Child Abuse

added 10/29/2002

This is a good introduction to advocacy concepts used when working with victims of intimate violence, rape and child abuse. It is designed for use both as a workshop outline and as a guide for direct interactions with individual clients.

Together We Must! End Violence against Women and Girls and HIV & AIDS (pdf)

added 12/17/2009
Jacqui Patterson, with contributions from Nazneen Damji, Deborah McKinney, Neelanjana Mukhia, Everjoice Win and Jenny Drezin

"This document represents an initial effort to draw attention to the knowledge, institutional capacity and resources needed to comprehensively address the intersection between HIV & AIDS and VAWG. The aim is to stimulate debate and collaboration among practitioners and advocates around how to identify and promote effective prevention policies and practices that can be adapted to various contexts."

Tracking Child Abuse and Neglect: The Role of Multiple Data Sources in Improving Child Safety (pdf)

added 11/08/2012
Sheyla P. Medina, Katherine Sell, Jane Kavanagh, Cara Curtis, Joanne N. Wood

This brief provides an overview of data collection systems and identifies strategies to improve tracking of child abuse and neglect cases. Understanding data can help agency administrators and other decision-makers better interpret the information and use existing data to respond to and prevent child maltreatment.

Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation (pdf)

added 07/31/2008
Pan-American Health Organization (July 2001)

"This fact sheet provides a brief overview of sex trafficking of women and children in the Americas and explores the life-threatening health consequences of this type of human trafficking."

Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Children Affected by Sexual Abuse or Trauma (pdf)

added 02/19/2013
Child Welfare Information Gateway

This paper describes the key components of trauma- focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT), followed by a discussion of the target population, the effectiveness of TF-CBT, the characteristics of an effective therapist, and the role for child welfare agency administrators in the use of this therapy.

UN study on Violence Against Children

added 03/13/2009

"A press release on a new effort to provide a detailed global picture of the nature, extent and causes of violence against children, and propose clear recommendations for action to prevent and reduce such violence. The study focuses on violence against children in five settings: the home and family, schools and educational settings, other institutional settings (orphanages, children in conflict with the law), the community and on the streets, and work situations. "

Understanding the Effects of Maltreatment on Brain Development (pdf)

added 03/29/2012
Child Welfare Information Gateway

A 2009 issue brief from the Child Welfare Information Gateway explaining how the brain develops; effects of maltreatment on brain development and; implications for policy and practice.

Violence & HIV/AIDS: Violence Against Women and Girls as a Cause and Consequence of HIV/AIDS (pdf)

added 01/18/2011
Shirley Kohsin Wang

This report examines the relationship between gender violence and women’s vulnerability to HIV/AIDS. According to the report, women are disproportionately affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. They are 1.6 times more likely to contract the virus than men. The report states that violence against women is both a cause and consequence of women living with AIDS.

Violence in Families: Assessing Prevention and Treatment Programs

added 08/01/2006
Rosemary Chalk and Patricia A. King, Eds.

This is a full-text online book made available courtesy of The National Academies Press. This important book, published in 1998, details out chapter by chapter the different types of interventions to be utilized by different types of professionals, as well as makes recommendations.

When the Pediatrician Is a Pedophile

added 09/19/2006

A detailed case study of a pediatrician pedophile is walked through and the moral implications and associated factors are elaborately discussed.

Women and Health: Today’s Evidence, Tomorrow’s Agenda (pdf)

added 04/30/2010

"This report reviews evidence on the health issues that particularly affect girls and women throughout their life course. This report uses currently available data to draw attention to the consequences and costs of failing to address health issues at appropriate points in their lives."


Homeless

2009 KIDS COUNT Data Book: State Profiles of Child Well-being (pdf)

added 09/18/2009

This 20th annual KIDS COUNT Data Book provides national and state-by-state information and statistical trends on the conditions of America’s children and families. The book reports on indicators of educational achievement, economic well-being, and health, among others. The book also ranks states on a composite indicator of child wellness, aggregating measures such as infant mortality rate, graduation rates, and children in poverty.

Facts on Trauma and Homeless Children (pdf)

added 07/21/2008
Ellen L. Bassuk and Steven M. Friedman, National Child Traumatic Stress Network Homelessness and Extreme Poverty Working Group (2005)

"This document gives a brief overview of homelessness, the impact of trauma on homeless children, and ways homeless shelter programs can provide services to homeless families who have been exposed to trauma."

Hate, Violence, and Death on Main Street USA: A report on Hate Crimes and Violence Against People Experiencing Homelessness 2008 (pdf)

added 08/21/2009

A new report from the National Coalition for the Homeless (NCH) contains case descriptions of each attack that includes sexual assault. The report notes that because crimes committed against homeless persons often go unreported, the actual numbers of non-lethal attacks is likely much higher. Rapes and sexual assaults also tend to go unreported. The report recommends that state legislatures add homeless persons as a “protected class” to hate crime legislation, and encourages police trainings so law enforcement officers will better understand homelessness and how to prevent hate crimes.

Shattered Hearts: The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of American Indian Women and Girls in Minnesota (pdf)

added 10/18/2009

A groundbreaking report released by the Minnesota Indian Women’s Resource Center (MIWRC) highlights the alarming and pervasive sex trafficking of American Indian women and girls in Minnesota. The first comprehensive report of its kind, it highlights risk factors for victims that include poverty, a disproportionate number of American Indian homeless, high incidences of overall sexual assault, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and pervasive multi-generational trauma.

The National Child Traumatic Stress Network Homeless Youth Resources

added 11/09/2010

The mission of NCTSN is to raise the standard of care and improve access to services for traumatized children, their families and communities throughout the United States. This site provides a wide variety of resources and information. One area to check out is their Measures Review Database which reviews tools that measure children's experiences of trauma, their reactions to it, and other mental health and trauma-related issues.

The Unclaimed Children Revisited, California Case Study (pdf)

added 06/14/2010
Janice L. Cooper, Yumiko Aratani, Rachel Masi, Patti Banghart, Sarah Dababnah, Ayana Douglas-Hall, Alex L. Tavares, and Shannon Stagman

"The purpose of the California Case Study is to identify, document, and analyze effective fiscal, infrastructural, and related policies that support research-informed practices for mental health services to children and adolescents in California."

Violence in the Lives of Homeless Women (pdf)

added 07/21/2008
National Center on Family Homelessness (2004)

Summary of a 6-year research project on family homelessness and poverty in MA. Focuses on findings on prevalence and impact of violence among homeless women, including the impact of both childhood and adult victimization on this population.


Immigrant/Immigration

Battered Women Involved with Child Protective Services: Learning from Immigrant, Refugee and Indigenous Women's Experiences (pdf)

added 08/23/2010
V. Pualani Enos

"The purpose of this study was to learn how CPS can be more responsive to families experiencing domestic violence and child abuse and neglect; learn how domestic violence advocates can be more effective in helping clients to respond to allegations of or actual child abuse and neglect and CPS interventions; explore how community can be more responsive to partner abuse and child abuse and neglect and provide support to families involved with CPS; and experiment with a research design that accomplishes the first step of participatory research and at the same time empowers advocates and survivors."

Farsi Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 06/30/2010

Farsi translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. It locates a range of abuses and abusers in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration.

Forced Marriage in Immigrant Communities in the United States: 2011 National Survey Results (pdf)

added 09/30/2011

This resource was developed from information gained through a national survey on the state of forced marriage in the United States. The survey was the first of its kind conducted in the United States and was designed to understand the scope and nature of forced marriage among immigrant communities.

How to obtain U Interim Relief: A Brief Manual for Advocates Assisting Immigrant Victims of Crime (pdf)

added 11/25/2008
Sally Kinoshita, Immigrant Legal Resource Center

This manual provides U Visa information for advocates who assist victims of crime, including domestic violence. The author outlines the definition, requirements, and application process for U Visa Interim relief and also offers information on obtaining permanent residency and derivative status for family members.

Immigration Reporting Laws: Ethical Dilemmas in Pediatric Practice (pdf)

added 09/25/2008
Paul L. Geltman, MD, MPH, and Alan F. Meyers, MD, MPH

"This study assessed the potential impact of immigration reporting requirements on pediatricians' referrals to child protective services. The study concluded that Pediatricians, as mandated reporters of child abuse, will face ethical dilemmas if laws requiring reporting of immigration status is enacted."

Punjabi Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/23/2010

"Punjabi translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

The Use of Expert Testimony on Intimate Partner Violence (pdf)

added 11/04/2009
Kathleen J. Ferraro and Noël Bridget Busch-Armendariz, VAWnet

"This Applied Research paper presents an overview of the uses of expert testimony, the qualifications and roles of experts, the literature on the use of testimony on the effects of battering, and considerations for future research."

Other formats: html

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Manual on the preparation, filing and processing of applications pursuant to the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA). Also includes detailed information on Special Immigrant Juvenile Status for Children Under Juvenile Court Jurisdiction, and U and T Non-Immigrant Visas (Victims of Crime and Trafficking). A good resource for advocates and legal professionals working with these victims.
This document takes some time to download, especially with a slow connection.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 1-100 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 101-200 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 201-300 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 301-380 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

UN study on Violence Against Children

added 03/13/2009

"A press release on a new effort to provide a detailed global picture of the nature, extent and causes of violence against children, and propose clear recommendations for action to prevent and reduce such violence. The study focuses on violence against children in five settings: the home and family, schools and educational settings, other institutional settings (orphanages, children in conflict with the law), the community and on the streets, and work situations. "

Vietnamese Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 06/29/2010

Vietnamese translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence.


Internet safety/Technology

A Parent's Guide to Internet Safety

added 08/24/2001

Discusses signs that your child may be at risk online, what to do if you suspect your child is communicating with a sexual predator online, and what you can do to minimize the chances of your child being victimized online.

Child abuse, child pornography and the internet (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
John Carr

This report seeks to determine to what extent the internet facilitates sexually abusive behavior in individuals. The report also discusses the role that child pornography can play in stimulating individuals with sexual interest in children to go on committing real life offences against children. The author concludes by proposing ways to increase protection for children using the internet and reduce the amount of child pornography being posted on the internet.

Child Safety on the Information Highway

added 01/24/2002
Lawrence J. Magid, National Center for Missing and Exploited Children

This document gives tips for becoming smart about the Web. Guidelines for parents are provided, along with 10 specific suggestions for safeguarding children's online activities and an explaination for how to deal with everything from suggestive or misleading content to possible online-arranged meetings with strangers.

Child-Pornography Possessors Arrested in Internet-Related Crimes: Findings From the National Juvenile Online Victimization Study (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Janis Wolak ; David Finkelhor ; Kimberly J. Mitchell

"This report presents findings from the National Juvenile Online Victimization (N-JOV) Study describing arrests and characteristics of offenses and offenders for Internet-related sex crimes committed against minors."

Children's Online Privacy Protection Act of 1998

added 08/23/2001
 

TITLE XIII-Children's Online Privacy Protection Act of 1998

Enhancing Child Safety and Online Technologies

added 02/20/2009

"A Final Report of the Internet Safety Technical Task Force to the Multi-State Working Group on Social Networking of State Attorneys General of the United States. The scope of the Task Force's inquiry was to consider those technologies that industry and end users - including parents - can use to help keep minors safer on the Internet."

Internet-initiated Sex Crimes against Minors: Implications for Prevention Based on Findings from a National Study (pdf)

added 11/08/2012
JANIS WOLAK, J.D., DAVID FINKELHOR, Ph.D., AND KIMBERLY MITCHELL, Ph.D

The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics of episodes in which juveniles became victims of sex crimes committed by people they met through the Internet.

Online Victimization of Youth: Five Years Later (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Janis Wolak, Kimberly Mitchell, and David Finkelhor

"This second groundbreaking national survey of 1,500 youth aged 10 to 17 documented their use of the Internet and experiences while online including unwanted exposure to sexual solicitation, sexual material, and harassment. It was produced in cooperation with OJJDP and the University of New Hampshire’s Crimes against Children Research Center and includes recommendations to help make the Internet safer for children."

Online Victimization: A Report on the Nation's Youth

added 11/02/2000
David Finkelhor, Kimberly J. Mitchell, Janis Wolak for the Crimes Against Children Research Center

Study that looks at the online victimization of youths, the affect that this abuse has on children, and how to keep children safe.

Overview of the Portable Guides to Investigating Child Abuse: Update 2000 (pdf)

added 03/27/2000
Janet McNaughton

This 10-page Bulletin is available from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). It covers the recognition of injuries caused by abuse, techniques for collecting evidence and for interviewing victims and witnesses, formation of multidisciplinary investigative teams, and the use of computers in the sexual victimization of children.

Protecting Children in Cyberspace: The ICAC Task Force Program (pdf)

added 04/22/2002
Medaris,M., and Girouard, C.

January 2002 Bulletin. Discusses efforts by OJJDP's Internet Crimes Against Children (ICAC) Task Force Program that address emerging online threats, such as computer-facilitated sex crimes, directed at children and teenagers. The ICAC Task Force Program helps State and local law enforcement agencies develop effective responses to online enticement and child pornography offenses. Responses include investigative, forensic, community education, and victim service components. The information in this OJJDP Bulletin is intended to help parents, policymakers, and practitioners create an Internet environment in which children can participate safely.

Technology Safety & Advocacy Special Collection

added 03/03/2010

This special collection includes a categorized and annotated listing of selected articles, fact sheets, papers, reports and other materials regarding the use of technology as it impacts and intersects with violence against women and children. It is offered as an additional tool to assist advocates working on and interested in the safe use of technology.

THE EXPOSURE OF YOUTH TO UNWANTED SEXUAL MATERIAL ON THE INTERNET A National Survey of Risk, Impact, and Prevention (pdf)

added 01/07/2009
KIMBERLY J. MITCHELL, DAVID FINKELHOR, JANIS WOLAK

"This national survey of youth, ages 10 to 17, and their caretakers has several implications for the current debate about young people and Internet pornography. Twenty five percent of youth had unwanted exposure to sexual pictures on the Internet in the past year, challenging the prevalent assumption that the problem is primarily about young people motivated to actively seek out pornography. Most youth had no negative reactions to their unwanted exposure, but one quarter said they were very or extremely upset, suggesting a priority need for more research on and interventions directed toward such negative effects. The authors urge that social scientific research be undertaken to inform this highly contentious public policy controversy."

Violence Against Children in Cyberspace (pdf)

added 07/03/2012

This report is a response to growing concerns about abuse and exploitation of children via new information and communication technologies (ICTs). The report calls for a deeper, coordinated and global investigation and action to educate young people and their parents and guardians; development and deliver therapeutic and other forms of care specific to these forms of violence; and to promote and use codes of conduct for Internet service providers.


Intervention

A Balanced Collaboration: How Vermont Built a Protocol for Law Enforcement Response to Children and Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 03/12/2010
Jane M. Sadusky

"This paper examines the process Vermont used, including areas of both agreement and uncertainty, and introduces the protocol to a wider audience of interveners. It draws on a review of planning notes and other documents and a series of interviews with those who participated in shaping the process and the protocol. It provides a starting point for other communities to explore their own response to children at domestic violence incidents, as well as an approach that can be used to examine other aspects of intervention."

A Systematic Review of Parenting Interventions to Prevent Child Abuse Tested with Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) Designs in High Income Countries (pdf)

added 11/04/2011
Laura A. McCloskey, Ph.D. - Commissioned by the Sexual Violence Research Initiative

"This review evaluates how parenting programs succeed at: 1) eliminating child abuse as manifest in official reports and in-person assessments; 2) altering parenting behaviors or attitudes associated with abuse; 3) enhancing parent-child relationships and positive parenting skills as buffers against abuse."

Beyond Observation: Considerations for Advancing Domestic Violence Practice in Supervised Visitation (pdf)

added 08/11/2008
Jay Campbell and Derrick Gordon With Ona Foster

"This paper presents considerations for expanded practice in the Supervised Visitation Grant Program and describes interventions that go beyond observation in the supervised visitation setting."

Bringing the Greenbook to Life: a Resource Guide for Communities (pdf)

added 08/04/2008
Ann Rosewater and Leigh Goodmark

"This guide is designed for communities seeking to develop interventions that will improve their responses to families suffering both domestic violence and child maltreatment."

Child Abuse and Neglect Fatalities: Statistics and Interventions (pdf)

added 04/01/2009

"This 2008 brief report presents statistical information on maltreatment-related fatalities of children including who are the victims and perpetrators and how communities often respond. "

Child Exposure to Trauma: Comparative Effectiveness of Interventions Addressing Maltreatment

added 04/25/2013
RTI International–University of North Carolina Evidence-based Practice Center

The objectives of this review article are as follows: "(1) To assess the comparative effectiveness of interventions(psychosocial and/or pharmacological) for children age 0 to 14 exposed to maltreatment in addressing child wellbeing outcomes (mental and behavioral health; caregiver-child relationship; cognitive, language, and physical development; school-based functioning) and child welfare outcomes (safety, placement stability, and permanency); (2) To assess the comparative effectiveness of interventions (a) with different treatment characteristics, (b) for child and caregiver subgroups, and (c) for engaging and retaining children and/or caregivers in treatment; and (3) To assess harms associated with interventions for this population."

Child Welfare: Health & Human Services

added 04/30/2008
Office for the Prevention of Domestic Violence

This website provides a number of documents and related resources, particlarly for child welfare workers. Training resources and interventions are provided as well.

Child Witnesses to Domestic Violence - Common Questions

added 04/30/2008
The Massachusetts Coalition Against Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence

Frequently Asked Questions about child witnessing of domestic violence are answered along with information about how children are impacted, the long-term effects, and how to help.

Children Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence (pdf)

added 05/09/2007
National Resource Center on Domestic Violence

The information provided in this article centers on the effects of child exposure to domestic violence, parenting practices, the need for collaboration between domestic violence advocates and child protection workers, and interventions for exposed children.

Children Exposed to Violence: A Teacher's Handbook to Increase Understanding and Improve Community Responses (pdf)

added 10/30/2003
L.L. Baker, P.G. Jaffe, L.M. Ashbourne & J. Carter

This 26-page resource helps educators understand how violence affects children at different ages, what teachers may see in the classroom, teaching strategies, handling parent-attended events, and supporting students who disclose.

Children Hurt Too: How You Can Help (pdf)

added 02/09/2006
King County

This booklet contains information put together by King County in Washington, that can help parents to talk to their children about the violence, and help children to recover from their experience so they don’t become abusers or victims themselves.

Children's Exposure to Violence: The Safe Start Initiative (pdf)

added 02/14/2002
Kracke, K. , U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

This April 2001 Factsheet presents an overview of the Safe Start Initiative. Researchers estimate that as many as 10 million U.S. children witness or are victims of violence in their homes or communities each year. The Safe Start Initiative, which was developed by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention in partnership with the Office of Justice Programs and the Department of Health and Human Services, is designed to prevent and reduce the impact of violence on young children and their families through the development of comprehensive and collaborative service delivery systems.

Closing the Quality Chasm in Child Abuse Treatment: Identifying and Disseminating Best Practices (pdf)

added 07/27/2006
Kauffman Best Practices Project

Three intervention protocols emerged as clear, consensus choices as "Best Practices" in the field of child abuse treatment: 1. Trauma Focused-Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT); 2. Abuse Focused-Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (AF-CBT); 3. Parent Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT)

Culturally Competent Service Provision to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Survivors of Sexual Violence (pdf)

added 10/02/2009
Sabrina Gentlewarrior with contributions from Kim Fountain

"This Applied Research paper provides a review of the research focusing on LGBT survivors of sexual trauma and offers recommendations for culturally competent service provision to LGBT clients."

Danger Zone: Battered Mothers and Their Families in Supervised Visitation (pdf)

added 10/28/2008
Tracee Parker, Kellie Rogers, Meghan Collins, and Jeffrey L. Edleson

"This paper outlines research conducted at a supervised visitation center specifically for serving families where domestic violence was the primary reason for referral. The authors have classified their experiences based on these main subjects: battered women in supervised visitation, how battering continues during supervised visitation, how the rules of the supervised visitation center evolved during the first 18 months of implementation, the importance of well-trained visit monitors, and the need to include supervised visitation centers within a larger context of coordinated community responses to domestic violence."

Developmental Status and Early Intervention Service Needs of Maltreated Children (pdf)

added 01/13/2009
J. Losby et al.

"In this report, published by the Institute for Social and Economic Development, the authors analyze findings from the National Early Intervention Longitudinal Study and the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being. They provide information about the developmental status and early intervention service needs of children under age three who are substantiated for maltreatment. Topics include: 1) the extent to which maltreated children have developmental problems or are subject to factors associated with poor developmental outcomes; 2) the services maltreated children might be eligible for and ones they receive through the child welfare systems; 3) case characteristics, such as child welfare setting, that impact the effect of developmental services; and 4) existing barriers to services."

Domestic Violence and Children: A Children's Health Fund Report (pdf)

added 05/09/2007
Peter A. Sherman, MD, Division of Community Pediatrics The Children’s Hospital at Montefiore

The author discusses domestic violence as a pediatric issue highlighting the number of children exposed to domestic violence each year and the consequences of such exposure.

Domestic Violence and Welfare Policy: Research Findings That Can Inform Policies on Marriage and Child Well-Being (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
Sharmila Lawrence

The author looks at domestic violence among women on welfare, the impact on children who are exposed to violence in the home, and methods to increase the stability of marriages.

Domestic Violence as a Form of Child Abuse: Identification and Prevention

added 04/30/2008
Marianne James

By looking at the ways child exposure to domestic violence manifests itself during the various stages of a child's life, the author documents ways to identify problems in exposed children and discusses specific intervention strategies.

Dual or Multiple Relationships: Guidelines for Rural Domestic Violence and Child Protection Collaborations (pdf)

added 12/15/2005
Ellie Breitmaier

This is part of a series that was created through a collaboration of the Vermont Network Against Domestic and Sexual Violence, the Vermont Department for Children and Families and the Vermont Center for Crime Victim Services. Part VI discusses actual and perceived conflicts of interest when service providers act in more than one role or relationship, providing recommendations on how to address these dilemmas/questions.

Early Identification of Risk Factors for Parental Abduction (pdf)

added 07/23/2001
Janet R. Johnston, Ph.D., Inger Sagatun-Edwards, Ph.D., Martha-Elen Blomquist, Ph.D., Linda K. Girdner, Ph.D.

12-page Bulletin posted by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). The bulletin provides information regarding the risk factors associated with parental kidnapping and strategies that can be used to intervene with families at greatest risk. They address such critical factors as the characteristics of parents who abduct their own children, the role family violence plays in increasing the likelihood of parental abduction, ways of identifying children at risk of being abducted by a parent or other family member, and steps that can be taken to protect children from family abduction.

Effective Intervention in Domestic Violence & Child Maltreatment Cases (Executive Summary)

added 10/26/2005
Susan Schechter and Jeffrey L. Edleson, Ph.D.

This is an executive summary of the document "Effective Intervention in Domestic Violence & Child Maltreatment Cases: Guidelines for Policies and Practice." The aim of this document is to offer a more comprehensive set of responses to eliminate or decrease the enormous risks that individual battered mothers, caseworkers, and judges must take on behalf of children.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Effective Intervention in Domestic Violence & Child Maltreatment Cases: Guidelines for Policy & Practice (pdf)

added 05/09/2007
Susan Schechter & Jeffrey Edleson (With major contributions by Judge Leonard P. Edwards, Linda Spears, Ann Rosewater, & Elizabeth Ann Stoffel)

This 133 page publication addresses a number of issues relevant to family violence within the home and the community and specifically focuses on interventions. It is intended to offer communities a guiding framework to develop interventions and measure progress as they seek to improve their responses to families experiencing domestic violence and child maltreatment.

Eliminating Violence against Children (pdf)

added 03/13/2009
Inter-Parliamentary Union and UNICEF

"Jointly produced by UNICEF and the Inter-Parliamentary Union, this handbook describes measures parliamentarians can take to end violence against children: they can legislate, oversee government activities, allocate financial resources and, as leaders in their nations and communities, raise awareness of issues."

Essentials for Childhood: Steps to Create Safe, Stable, and Nurturing Relationships (pdf)

added 02/06/2013
National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Division of Violence Prevention

Safe, stable, and nurturing relationships (SSNRs) are essential to prevent child maltreatment (CM) and to assure that children reach their full potential. This document suggests strategies for communities to consider to promote the types of relationships and environments that help children grow up to be healthy and productive citizens. It is intended for anyone committed to the positive development of children and families, and specifically to the prevention of all forms of CM.

Expanding Solutions for Domestic Violence and Poverty: What Battered Women with Abused Children Need from Their Advocates

added 01/13/2006
Susan Schechter

This paper was originally delivered as a talk at the Violence Institute of New Jersey, June 21, 2000. This paper discusses the links between the abuse of women and the maltreatment of their children and the connection between domestic violence and poverty.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Family Abductors: Descriptive Profiles and Preventive Interventions

added 02/09/2001
Janet R. Johnston, Ph.D. and Linda K. Girdner, Ph.D.

8-page Bulletin posted by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). The Bulletin describes the common characteristics of abducting parents and profiles parents at risk for abducting their children. Constructive interventions are offered for each of the six profiles provided.

Family Violence: An Intervention Model for Dental Professionals (pdf)

added 07/21/2006
Kristin Littel

Efforts to strengthen responses by health care professionals to family violence have increased dramatically in recent years. As a result, more health care providers are able to recognize the signs of abuse and assist patients who are victims. However, dental professionals appear to be the least likely of all clinicians to suspect and intervene in family violence, even though injuries to the head and neck are present in 60 percent or more of abuse cases. Although they may see abuse-related injuries during patient visits, dental professionals typically have not been trained to recognize the causes of these injuries or how to offer intervention and referrals to patients. This bulletin describes a training model that teaches dental professionals how to recognize symptoms and patterns of abuse, create a safe environment for disclosure, intervene appropriately, refer patients to appropriate services, and file mandatory reports. The bulletin also underscores the importance of including dental professionals in community efforts to coordinate response to family violence.

Guidelines for Public Child Welfare Agencies Serving Children and Families Experiencing Domestic Violence

added 08/19/2003

The guidelines describe model policies, practices, programs, and protocols that address the multiple needs of families and children affected by domestic violence and child maltreatment. They are based on recommendations contained in the Greenbook and on the thoughtful recommendations provided by public child welfare agency directors, domestic violence advocates, child advocates, and legal representatives.

Helping Children Cope with Violence: A School-Based Program That Works (pdf)

added 10/26/2005
A RAND Corporation publication

Violence is one of our most significant public health issues. Children exposed to violence frequently develop post-traumatic stress symptoms. They are more likely to have behavioral problems, poorer school performance, more days of school absence, and feelings of depression and anxiety. School officials are often willing to provide help at school. But these professionals face an important question: What works? There have been no randomized controlled trials of intervention effectiveness with which to answer this question. To fill this gap, a team of clinician-researchers from several institutions collaborated to develop, implement, and evaluate an intervention designed to help children traumatized by violence. The team included professionals from the RAND Corporation, the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), and the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD).

Helping Children Exposed to Domestic Violence: Law Enforcement and Community Partnerships (pdf)

added 04/18/2002
Barbara E. Smith, Laura B. Nickles, Darlanne Hector Mulmat, and Heather J. Davies for the American Bar Association and Association of Governements

March 2001 report. Discusses law enforcement and community responses to children who have been exposed to domestic violence.

Helping Traumatized Children at School

added 04/16/2010
Kathleen Nader, D.S.W.

A paper that discusses school interventions for traumatized children. It provides some of the guidelines and resources for use when youth's traumas affect their ability to function at school.

Helping Traumatized Children: A Brief Overview for Caregivers (pdf)

added 04/06/2007
Bruce D. Perry

This article, designed largely with a child's caregiver in mind, addresses how to talk to children who have experienced trauma and what these experiences may have been like.

Helping Traumatized Children: Tips for Judges (pdf)

added 12/18/2009

"This fact sheet for judges and other court personnel outlines the impact of trauma on children's development, beliefs, and behaviors. It is designed to help professionals in the juvenile justice and family court system become more effective in addressing the unique needs and challenges of the traumatized children and adolescents they work with."

Helping Young Children Affected by Domestic Violence: The Role of Pediatric Health Settiings (pdf)

added 11/17/2004
Betsy McAlister Groves and Ken Fox

This paper is part of series of paper that addresses the way to mobilize community and programatic resources to provide responsive help to children and families affected both by domestic violence and poverty. This particular paper addresses importance of pediatric health care and mental health care in addressing domestic violence.

How to Write a Letter to the Judge for Victims of Rape, Domestic Violence and Child Abuse

added 07/26/2001

Gives information that should help you write a more effective letter. Provides four examples of different kinds of letters you as a victim or victim advocate, may want to write to the judge in the criminal case. Also available in Spanish.

Information Sharing in Collaborative Relationship: Domestic Violence and Child Protection (pdf)

added 12/15/2005
Jill Richard

This series was created through a collaboration of the Vermont Network Against Domestic and Sexual Violence, the Vermont Department for Children and Families and the Vermont Center for Crime Victim Services. Part III provides general guidance and possibilities for policy development regarding information sharing between systems and presents avenues for effective inquiry where these issues intersect.

Intervention Strategies with Child Maltreating Men (pdf)

added 02/07/2005
Barry Salovitz

This document outlines the importance of healthy parenting following child maltreatment and adds to our understanding of adult male maltreatment intervention by offering some important insights and actionable recommendations.

Learning from Experiences of Battered Immigrant, Refugee and Indegenious Women with Child Protection Services to Inform a Dialogue Among Domestic Violence Activisits and Advocates (pdf)

added 02/23/2004
V. Pualani Enos

This document introduces voices of battered immigrant, refugee and indegenious women who were also involved in Child Protection Services. The document explores how community approach can enhance the physical, spiritual and mental health of individuals, families and communities and how this concept can be well utilized for policy and practice for social services.

Learning to Listen, Learning to Help: Understanding Woman Abuse and Its Effects on Children (pdf)

added 03/17/2005
Linda Baker & Alison Cunningham

A concise handbook for students and volunteers entering the helping professions, to prepare them to recognize and respond to families in which there is or was violence at home. Topics include background material on the dynamics of woman abuse, the concept of power and control, facts and figures, how to support women and help them find appropriate resources, how children are affected by violence, how children cope with violence at home, how to respond to child disclosure of abuse and neglect, standards of professional conduct, taking stock of your own attitudes, and suggestions for how you can make a difference to end violence.

Let's Talk: Adults Talking to Adults about Child Sexual Abuse (pdf)

added 11/30/2005

This brochure was primarily designed for adults who are concerned about the possible presence of child sexual abuse within their community. Stop It Now! believes that learning how to talk about your concerns can help protect a child in your life and this guide gives you the tools to speak about your concern.

Little Children Are Sacred: Exploring Accountability to Australia's Aboriginal Children

added 07/13/2010

This collection explores accountability to aboriginal children in the Northern Territory of Australia through a critical analysis of government action (and inaction) - presented generally as its follow-up to recommendations in the Little Children are Sacred report of 2007 - and a review of the community-based response to the government interventions.

Mental Health Services for Children Who Witness Domestic Violence

added 04/30/2008
Betsy McAlister Groves

This article discusses the growing body of empirical research that demonstrates that exposure to domestic violence deleteriously affects children's social, emotional, and cognitive development.

Other formats: pdf

Model Guidelines for the Effective Prosecution of Crimes Against Children (pdf)

added 08/24/2001

The Model Guidelines are meant to be a practical instrument used in the prosecution of crimes against children and the treatment of child victims and witnesses in a manner which is respectful of their rights and needs, bearing in mind the different traditions of civil, common law and other jurisdictions. It is meant to assist: states in mobilizing their criminal justice systems; heads of prosecution units who are responsible for establishing policy; and individual prosecutors in their day to day practice.

Model Protocol for Advocates Working with Battered Women Involved in the Child Protection System

added 05/10/2005
Lupita Patterson

This protocol includes policy and practice recommendations for advocates who work with battered women involved in the child protection system.

Model Protocol on Working with Friends and Family of Domestic Violence Victims (pdf)

added 05/10/2005
Lupita Patterson

This protocol includes examples of programs that can engage friends and families in dealing with ending domestic violence.

Other formats: pdf

Nurturing Parenting Programs

added 01/17/2001
Stephen Bavolek, Ph.D. and Dr. Bavolek

12-page Bulletin from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). This Bulletin describes how parenting patterns are learned and how the Nurturing Parenting Programs help to stop the generational cycle of abuse and neglect by building nurturing parenting skills.

Promising Approaches: Working with Families, Child Welfare and Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 12/17/2009
Massachusetts Department of Children and Families

The purpose of this brochure is to provide a framework for mandated reporters to create family centered approaches when domestic violence is identified and to offer guidelines to assist mandated reporters to assess accurately and sympathetically, the impact of domestic violence on children and their families.

Prosecuting Child Physical Cases: Lessons Learned from the San Diego Experience (pdf)

added 05/02/1996

This document looks at the need for prosecutors to collaborate with other agencies so as to successfully prosecute cases of child physical abuse, a problem often ignored by the legal system.

Protecting Children in Cyberspace: The ICAC Task Force Program (pdf)

added 04/22/2002
Medaris,M., and Girouard, C.

January 2002 Bulletin. Discusses efforts by OJJDP's Internet Crimes Against Children (ICAC) Task Force Program that address emerging online threats, such as computer-facilitated sex crimes, directed at children and teenagers. The ICAC Task Force Program helps State and local law enforcement agencies develop effective responses to online enticement and child pornography offenses. Responses include investigative, forensic, community education, and victim service components. The information in this OJJDP Bulletin is intended to help parents, policymakers, and practitioners create an Internet environment in which children can participate safely.

Research Summary: Children Exposed to Violence

added 09/07/2012
Victoria Youcha

A short summary of research on child exposure to violence from the National Center for Infants, Toddlers and Families. Also includes a summary of the benefits of early intervention in the lives of children who have experienced or witnessed violence.

Responding to the Co-occurrence of Child Maltreatment and Adult Domestic Violence in Hennepin County

added 10/26/2005
Jeffrey L. Edleson, Ph.D. Sandra K. Beeman, Ph.D.M, University of Minnesota

In this report, Drs. Edleson and Beeman and their research assistants detail information collected from a variety of sources during the first half of 1999. Information collection included detailed reporting by child protection screeners and investigators in the Hennepin County Department of Children and Family Services (HCDCFS), consulting with national experts in this area, reviewing published materials on prominent demonstration projects from around the United States and Canada, and holding a series of stakeholder meetings throughout Hennepin County.

Other formats: word

Responding to Violence and Abuse: Educating Minnesota Professionals for the Future

added 05/20/2000

1995 report of four statewide task forces convened to review, revise and recommend violence education for nine professional areas (61 pages).

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Safe From the Start: Taking Action on Children Exposed to Violence

added 01/17/2001

This article, conceived from the National Summit on Children Exposed to Violence, presents an action plan that outlines principles for preventing and reducing the negative impact of children's exposure to violence.

Strategies to Improve Supervised Visitation Services in Domestic Violence Cases

added 10/29/2001
M. Sharon Maxwell, LCSW, Ph.D. & Karen Oehme, J.D.

This Violence Against Women Online Resources commissioned document describes the evolution of supervised visitation services for domestic violence cases, notes legal trends in these cases, describes practice concerns, and presents strategies to improve the safety of participants when supervised visitation, due to domestic violence, is court-ordered.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Supporting Battered Mothers Protects Children: Reducing the Effects of Domestic Violence on Children (pdf)

added 05/03/2011

This report was created in response to a request from the Chairman of the Missouri Children’s Services Commission, Representative Jeff Grisamore. It contains the latest research on the prevalence of child exposure to domestic violence and best practices in addressing this violence. The report also includes recommendations on how the state of Missouri can better meet the needs of children and mothers experiencing violence.

Tackling Domestic Violence: Providing Support for Children Who Have Witnessed Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
Audrey Mullender

"This report provides good practice recommendations and suggestions for a range of practitioners and professionals who have a role in commissioning, developing, or delivering initiatives to support children who have in the past or are currently witenssing domestic violence."

The Economic Dimensions of Interpersonal Violence (pdf)

added 07/21/2009
Hugh Waters, et al., Department of Injuries and Violence Prevention, World Health Organization

This document examines the economic effects of interpersonal violence, including sexual violence, as well as the economic effects of interventions seeking to reduce violence and the ways in which economic factors such as poverty and income inequality contribute to violence.

The evaluation of sexual abuse in children

added 11/30/2005
Kellogg, N

Sexually abused children are seen by pediatricians and family care practitioners in a variety of circumstances, but the diagnosis of sexual abuse and the protection of the child from additional harm depend in part on the provider's willingness to consider abuse as a possibility. Sexually abused children who have not disclosed abuse may present with a variety of symptoms and signs. Released by the National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC), the Evaluation of Sexual Abuse in Children was developed by the American Academy of Pediatrics to assist pediatric and family care providers in effectively evaluating and caring for children who are sexually abused.

The National Center for Missing and Exploited Children Factsheet (pdf)

added 07/24/2001
Cathy Girouard

The Fact Sheet describes recent achievements of the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC), which works in partnership with OJJDP to offer prevention and intervention services to families and support law enforcement agencies at the Federal, State, and local levels in cases involving missing or exploited children. For further information about the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, you may visit the Center's Web site at http://www.missingkids.com/.

The National Child Traumatic Stress Network Homeless Youth Resources

added 11/09/2010

The mission of NCTSN is to raise the standard of care and improve access to services for traumatized children, their families and communities throughout the United States. This site provides a wide variety of resources and information. One area to check out is their Measures Review Database which reviews tools that measure children's experiences of trauma, their reactions to it, and other mental health and trauma-related issues.

The Role of Educators in Preventing and Responding to Child Abuse and Neglect (pdf)

added 02/01/2005
Cynthia Crosson-Tower

This manual, designed to examine the roles that teachers, school counselors, school social workers, school nurses, special education professionals, administrators, and other school personnel have in helping maltreated children, provides the basis for the involvement of educators in combating the problem of child abuse and neglect. It also may be used by other professionals involved in child abuse and neglect interventions, such as child protective services, mental health, law enforcement, health care, and early childhood professionals, to gain a better understanding of the role of educators in child protection.

The Safe Start Center Series on Children Exposed to Violence: Pediatric Care Settings (pdf)

added 11/04/2009
Betsy McAlister Groves, LICSW, and Marilyn Augustyn, MD

This issue brief translates emerging research and program practice into action steps for practitioners in pediatric care settings to design and implement programs that meet the needs of children who are exposed to violence.

Tips for Social Workers, Counselors, Health Workers, Teachers, Clergy and Others Helping Victims of Rape, Domestic Violence, and Child Abuse

added 10/29/2002

This is a good introduction to advocacy concepts used when working with victims of intimate violence, rape and child abuse. It is designed for use both as a workshop outline and as a guide for direct interactions with individual clients.

Training Child Welfare Workers on Domestic Violence

added 06/20/2000
Randy H. Magen, Ph.D. and Kathryn Conroy, DSW

Final Report, June 1998. In October of 1995, the Columbia University School of Social Work (CUSSW) was awarded funds to train public child welfare workers to understand and intervene appropriately with families where there was concurrent child abuse or neglect and woman abuse. This objective was accomplished by designing, implementing, and evaluating a competency-based training curriculum on domestic violence for direct service workers in the New York City Administrationm for Children's Services (ACS). The training curriculum was designed to impact worker's attitudes toward domestic violence, provide them with knowledge and skills for assessing domestic violence, and enhance their practice with families in which there is woman abuse. This paper is the final report CUSSW's project.

Understanding Children’s Exposure to Violence (pdf)

added 11/04/2009
Elena Cohen, Betsy McAlister Groves, and Kristen Kracke

The Safe Start Center has developed a series of briefs on Children Exposed to Violence. The briefs are developed to respond to an urgent need to translate research-based information and disseminate it to practitioners who can use it in their work with children and families in different settings. This particular brief describes core concepts—gleaned from research and program practice—used in designing and implementing programs that address children’s exposure to violence.

Understanding the Current Mental Health Needs of Children Experiencing Domestic Violence in Vermont: Recommendations for Enhancing and Improving Responses (pdf)

added 12/15/2005
Kathleen J. Moroz, Ellie Breitmaier and Amy Torchia

This is currently the final publication in the series created through a collaboration of the Vermont Network Against Domestic and Sexual Violence, the Vermont Department for Children and Families and the Vermont Center for Crime Victim Services. Part VII reports on findings from a study investigating the number of children/youth in Vermont exposed to domestic violence, the effects of this exposure on their social/emotional development and mental health, services provided by domestic violence network and mental health programs, perceived barriers to providing these services, the training needs of service providers in Vermont and both strengths and gaps in the continuum of services for these children/youth.

Vermont's Model Protocol: Law Enforcement Response to Children at the Scene of a Domestic Violence Incident (pdf)

added 03/12/2010
The Vermont Network Against Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault, Vermont Social and Rehabilitative Services, and Vermont Criminal Justice Training Council

"The intent of this protocol is to assist law enforcement officers in their response to children at the scene of domestic violence incidents. In addition, the protocol outlines an effective response which includes: assessing whether children have been physically harmed, minimizing the impact and repercussions to children who are present, empowering children as much as possible in the process, maintaining victim safety, and maintaining batterer accountability."

Vermont’s Coordinated Approach to Increase Safety for Women, Children and Youth Who Experience Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 12/15/2005
Janine Allo, Jill Richard and Amy Torchia

This document is part I of a series created through a collaboration of the Vermont Network Against Domestic and Sexual Violence, the Vermont Department for Children and Families and the Vermont Center for Crime Victim Services. Part I describes the philosophy and structure of the "coordinated approach" as it impacts the three primary areas of services, training and policy. Lessons learned are highlighted.

Victim Services: Promising Practices in Indian Country (pdf)

added 06/16/2005
Office for Victims of Crime

This monograph describes promising practices for meeting the needs of victims of violence and domestic and family abuse in Indian Country. Each of the 12 program summaries includes a description of the program’s activities, keys to its success, basic demographic data (e.g., service area and population), and contact information.

Violence in Families: Assessing Prevention and Treatment Programs

added 08/01/2006
Rosemary Chalk and Patricia A. King, Eds.

This is a full-text online book made available courtesy of The National Academies Press. This important book, published in 1998, details out chapter by chapter the different types of interventions to be utilized by different types of professionals, as well as makes recommendations.

Vision for services for children and young people affected by domestic violence (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
LGA, ADSS, Women's Aid, and CAFCASS

Vision for services for children and young people affected by domestic violence offers a pathway for services for children experiencing domestic violence. This guidance offers a template which directors of children's services, cabinet members with lead responsibility for children and their local safeguarding children's boards, working with domestic violence partnerships can use to incorporate the needs of children experiencing domestic violence in planning children's services.

What About Me? Seeking to Understand the Child's View of Violence in the Family (pdf)

added 09/21/2004
Alison Cunningham and Linda Baker

This study was funded by the National Crime Prevention Strategy in Ottawa. It involves an exhaustive review of the literature on child exposure to domestic violence (almost 400 sources) integrated with extensive clinical experience to create a revolutionary new framework for understanding, studying and intervening with children who have lived with woman abuse. Case studies illustrate key points and child drawings bring to life the experience of violence through young eyes.

Other formats: html

Working with Children Towards a Healthy & Non-Violent Future

added 06/11/2008

"This Special Collection provides a unique perspective on working with children (younger than 13 years of age), focusing on theories and strategies for raising respectful, non-violent people. Resources included here discuss child development and how to utilize this knowledge when implementing primary prevention strategies that foster healthy attitudes and behaviors"

Young Children Living with Domestic Violence: The Role of Early Childhood Programs (pdf)

added 11/17/2004
Elena Cohen and Jane Knitzer

This paper is part of series of paper that addresses the way to mobilize community and programatic resources to provide responsive help to children and families affected both by domestic violence and poverty. This particular paper highlights the rold of early childhood programs in supporting staff, community and state programs on behalf of the children and families affected by domestic violence.

Young Children's Exposure to Adult Domestic Violence: Toward a Developmental Risk and Resilience Framework for Research and Intervention (pdf)

added 11/17/2004
Abigail Gewirtz and Jeffrey L. Edleson

This paper is part of series of paper that addresses the way to mobilize community and programatic resources to provide responsive help to children and families affected both by domestic violence and poverty. This particular paper addresses impacts of adult domestic violence to young children through developmental risk and resiliency.


Legal/Policy

15 Years of the United Nations Rapporteur on Violence against Women, Its Causes and Consequences (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

This report reviews the status of violence against women as researched in 14 annual reports, 32 country mission reports, and 11 communication reports published as recently as December 2008. The report focuses on reproductive health and rights, poverty, migration, internally displaced persons (IDPs), women refugees, trafficking, aging, and adolescent girls. It also highlights how the mandate on violence against women has changed, what has been learned, and problems still to be addressed.

A Balanced Collaboration: How Vermont Built a Protocol for Law Enforcement Response to Children and Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 03/12/2010
Jane M. Sadusky

"This paper examines the process Vermont used, including areas of both agreement and uncertainty, and introduces the protocol to a wider audience of interveners. It draws on a review of planning notes and other documents and a series of interviews with those who participated in shaping the process and the protocol. It provides a starting point for other communities to explore their own response to children at domestic violence incidents, as well as an approach that can be used to examine other aspects of intervention."

A Judicial Guide to Child Safety in Custody Cases (pdf)

added 12/13/2009
Hon. Jerry J. Bowles, Hon. Kaye K. Christian, Margaret B. Drew, JD, Katheryn L. Yetter, JD

"This Judicial Guide contains 14 bench cards which provide an easy-to-use checklist system for judges at critical decision-making points throughout child custody cases, as well as a supplemental guide which provides additional information about in- and out-of-court behaviors, best interest of the child, and order issuance and enforcement. "

Accountability and Connection with Abusive Men (pdf)

added 03/14/2010

"This document is an effort to remedy the excessive focus on mothers in cases involving domestic violence. It provides suggestions for connecting with and holding abusers accountable. It is a resource for child protection workers, supervisors, managers and others working with families involved in the child protection system."

Adaptation Guidelines for Serving Latino Children and Families Affected by Trauma (pdf)

added 01/13/2009
Chadwick Center for Children and Families, Rady Children’s Hospital - San Diego

"This document was created by experts in the fields of child trauma research, clinical practice, policy and cultural diversity to serve as a resource for anyone who works with Latino families who have experienced traumatic events. There are 12 priority areas covered ranging from micro issues (assessment and provision of therapy) to macro issues (organizational competence and policy). Each one includes an overview of the priority area, recommendations for improving practice based on that priority area, and additional resources for further information. Portions of these guidelines are geared for advocates and therapists, while other priority areas are designed for program administrators and policy makers."

Addressing Gender-based Violence: UNFPA Strategy and Framework for Action (pdf)

added 03/11/2009

This report, grounded in UNFPA's overarching goal of eliminating violence against women and girls, identifies particular areas where action is most urgently needed and proposes general policy frameworks for combating gender-based violence.

Advocating for Women in the Criminal Justice System in Cases of Rape, Domestic Violence and Child Abuse

added 10/14/2003

The handbook consisits of various practical forms which were developed by advocates to evaluate criminal justice services for women in cases of rape, domestic violence and child abuse. It also has theoretical chapters on understanding how criminal justice systems can help and harm women.

Beyond Observation: Considerations for Advancing Domestic Violence Practice in Supervised Visitation (pdf)

added 08/11/2008
Jay Campbell and Derrick Gordon With Ona Foster

"This paper presents considerations for expanded practice in the Supervised Visitation Grant Program and describes interventions that go beyond observation in the supervised visitation setting."

Building Capacity in Child Welfare Systems: Domestic Violence Specialized Positions (pdf)

added 08/04/2008
Ann Rosewater

"The report seeks to assist policymakers and practitioners in developing specialist positions that are tailored to the circumstances of their communities and states. We offer observations about initial expectations for these positions and the evolution of the positions over time. We also set forth composite examples of each of the major types of specialized positions and lay out the components of each, including responsibilities, auspices and settings, competencies, and funding sources. By doing so, we highlight different approaches to improving understanding 2 of domestic violence and strengthening the likelihood of achieving safety for non-offending parents and their children."

Child Abuse and Domestic Violence: Creating Community Partnerships for Safe Families - Suggested Components of an Effective Child Welfare Response to Domestic Violence

added 03/09/1999
Janet Carter and Susan Schechter

November 1997. This paper is meant to serve as a working document rather than the "last word," and it will be subject to revision as child welfare and domestic violence agencies on the vanguard of creating partnerships learn more about the link between child abuse and domestic violence, and how to best protect both children and their abused mothers. While the suggested practices and policies are by no means exhaustive, it is hoped that setting them out will save agencies from having to "reinvent the wheel," and will, at the same time, motivate them to add additional "spokes."

Child Abuse and Neglect: Compendia of Civil and Criminal State Laws (pdf)

added 01/07/2009
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect

"This compendia list how each state in the U.S. defines child abuse and neglect. The compendia of civil state laws are to help legal and non-legal professionals in the analysis, formulation, and implementation of child protection and child welfare legislation. The Compendia (previously titled State Statutes Elements) contain citations and text of key civil statutes pertaining to child maltreatment, child welfare, and domestic violence. The Compendia are intended as research tools and do not substitute for the official version of any statute."

Child Abuse Prevention: Accomplishments and Challenges (pdf)

added 11/10/2003
Deborah Daro and Anne Cohn Donnelly

This paper begins by briefly outlining the theoretical framework that has shaped the development of prevention programming in the area of child abuse. It then summarizes the key program models emerging it this field and the empirical base regarding the relative effectiveness of these strategies.

Child Abuse Reported to the Police (pdf)

added 05/22/2003
David Finkelhor and Richard Ormrod

Describes how data from the National Incident-Based Reporting System can be used to depict police experience with child abuse.

Child Custody and Visitation Decisions in Domestic Violence Cases: Legal Trends, Research Findings, and Recommendations

added 10/18/1998
Daniel G. Saunders for VAWnet

A surprising number of battered women lose custody of their children to their abusive partners. This document describes some of the legal and cultural trends surrounding custody and visitation decisions and the social science evidence supporting a need to consider domestic violence in these decisions.

Other formats: pdf

Child Custody and Visitation Decisions in Domestic Violence Cases: Legal Trends, Risk Factors, and Safety Concerns (Revised 2007) (pdf)

added 08/11/2008
Daniel G. Saunders in consultation with Karen Oehme (Revised October 2007)

"Describes major legal and social trends surrounding custody and visitation decisions and the social science evidence supporting the need to consider domestic violence. Recommendations for custody and visitation decisions are explored."

Other formats: html

Child Pornography: Findings From the National Incident-Based Reporting System (pdf)

added 01/17/2005
Finkelhor, D., Ormrod, R.

This document presents findings from the FBI’s National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS). By collecting data on pornography/obscene material offenses from law enforcement jurisdictions, NIBRS enables researchers to draw conclusions about the number, locations, and characteristics of these crimes. NIBRS data suggest that approximately 2,900 crime incidents of pornography with juvenile involvement were known to state and local police in 2000; these offenses most often were committed by a lone adult male offender, occurred in a residence, and did not involve a computer. Currently, NIBRS data represent about 14 percent of the population. As more jurisdictions support uniform reporting of accurate data to NIBRS and as its codes become more refined, NIBRS will become even more useful in identifying and tracking trends in child pornography.

Child Protection Information Sheets (pdf)

added 03/18/2009

"This booklet comprises 14 information sheets which highlight how child protection is crucial to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. Covering different forms of abuse, these sheets also outline how to build a protective environment for children and what UNICEF is doing on the ground to protect children."

Child Sexual Abuse: Coping with the Emotional Stress of the Legal System (pdf)

added 08/03/2009

This professionally designed fact sheet for parents and caregivers of child sexual abuse survivors provides a unique perspective on coping with the emotional stresses of the legal system, and was created by legal, mental health, and medical professionals for NCTSN's website. It helps explain the different purposes of civil and criminal child sexual abuse cases. It also identifies common fears and coping solutions, and takes the family step by step through before, during and after a child sexual abuse case goes to court.

Child Support Protocol: A Guide for Integrated Domestic Violence Courts (pdf)

added 03/13/2010
Judy Reichler and Liberty Aldrich

A best practices guide for legal professionals who oversee integrated domestic violence court cases involving child custody issues.

Child Trafficking for Sexual Purposes Report (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

End Child Prostitution, Child Pornography and Trafficking of Children for Sexual Purposes (ECPAT International) released a report in November 2008 on the global problem of child sex trafficking. The report sums up progress countries have made since passing laws to combat child sex trafficking. Finally, the report highlights key lessons learned and discusses six recommendations to improve strategies and policies.

Child Witnesses in Canada (pdf)

added 05/12/2004
London Family Court Clinic

This paper reviews the legal reforms of the 1980s that opened the courtrooms of Canada to hearing the evidence of children. Topics covered include best practice approaches, a research agenda for child witnesses, a "bill of rights" for children who have to testify, and the results of a follow-up with former clients 12 years after they were referred.

Child Witnesses to Domestic Violence: Summary of State Laws (pdf)

added 11/08/2011

Currently, approximately 22 States and Puerto Rico address in statute the issue of children who witness domestic violence in their homes. This document is a summary of those laws. Quickly find statute information for a particular State, here- https://www.childwelfare.gov/systemwide/laws_policies/state/index.cfm

Children Exposed to Violence: A Handbook for Police Trainers to Increase Understanding and Improve Community Responses (pdf)

added 10/30/2003
L.L. Baker, P.G. Jaffe, S.J. Berkowitz & M. Berkman

This handbook is for domestic violence specialists and trainers in police departments. It is designed to increase the understanding of children’s exposure to domestic violence by officers responding to these situations.

Children's Exposure to Domestic Violence: A Guide to Research and Resources (pdf)

added 01/22/2007
Alicia Summers

Published in collaborative work with the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, this document outlines: the impace of domestic violence on children, the legal issues and system responses affecting children exposed to domestic violence, and provides useful resources which address this specific area of interest.

Children's Exposure to Violence: The Safe Start Initiative (pdf)

added 02/14/2002
Kracke, K. , U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

This April 2001 Factsheet presents an overview of the Safe Start Initiative. Researchers estimate that as many as 10 million U.S. children witness or are victims of violence in their homes or communities each year. The Safe Start Initiative, which was developed by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention in partnership with the Office of Justice Programs and the Department of Health and Human Services, is designed to prevent and reduce the impact of violence on young children and their families through the development of comprehensive and collaborative service delivery systems.

Children's Online Privacy Protection Act of 1998

added 08/23/2001
 

TITLE XIII-Children's Online Privacy Protection Act of 1998

Children’s and Adolescents’ Participation and Protection from Sexual Abuse and Exploitation (pdf)

added 06/08/2010
Clare Feinstein and Claire O’Kane

"A paper reviewing government commitments to strengthen participation by children and adolescents to protect them from sexual abuse and exploitation. The paper provides recommendations for further research, policy development, and programming to support advocacy and practice with and by children and adolescents. "

Civil and Criminal Responses to Children and Youth Who Experience Domestic Violence: A Model Policy Response for Vermont (pdf)

added 12/15/2005
Amy Fitzgerald, Jill Richard, Amy Torchia and Janine Allo

This series was created through a collaboration of the Vermont Network Against Domestic and Sexual Violence, the Vermont Department for Children and Families and the Vermont Center for Crime Victim Services. Part II of the series provides well-documented information for policy development regarding criminal and civil responses to issues impacting children exposed to domestic violence that hold batterers accountable. The paper incudes a discussion of unintended consequences of these policies, a review of several state statutes and a model response and recommendations for Vermont.

Confidentiality & Information Sharing (pdf)

added 08/06/2004

This document addresses the legal and confidentiality issues advocates face when working with the child protection system and juvenile courts. It also encourages advocacy, and focuses on the information issues advocates face when they counsel battered mothers whose children have been placed in the child protection system. Advocates need to know what to do with the information they gather from victims of domestic violence and what the laws say about how they use that information. Each section offers tips and suggestions for advocates, questions for their consideration, and examples of effective practices. The appendix features worksheets that expand upon the topics addressed in each section.

Considering the Victim in the Implementation of Megan's Laws

added 08/01/2001
Alexandra Walker

This Violence Against Women Online Resources commissioned document focuses on the mixture of opinions and the limited attempts at evaluating community notification as they relate to victim and community safety. It examines notification through the lens of victim safety and privacy rather than through the lens of criminal justice issues.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Cross System Dialogue: An Effective Strategy to Promote Communication Between the Domestic Violence Community, Child Welfare System, and the Courts (pdf)

added 04/30/2010
Stacy M. Lowry and Olga Trujillo

This publication provides information about the use of cross-system dialogue to facilitate communication among representatives working in the domestic violence, child welfare, and court system. Strategies for professionals responding to family violence and child maltreatment are also provided.

Defining Child Exposure to Domestic Violence as Neglect: Minnesota's Difficult Experience (pdf)

added 08/16/2011
feffrey L. Edleson, fenny Gassman-Pines, and Marissa B. Hill

The 1999 the Minnesota legislature amended the definition of child neglect to include a child's exposure to family violence. This article reconstructs how Minnesota's legislature made this change, its consequences, and the lessons that may be drawn from this experience.

Definitions of Child Abuse and Neglect

added 04/16/2012

Provides State laws that define the conduct, acts, and omissions that constitute child abuse or neglect that must be reported to child protective agencies. Summaries of laws for all States and U.S. territories are included.

Domestic Violence and Children: Creating a Public Response (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Susan Schechter and Jeffrey L. Edleson

The authors of this paper address children's exposure to domestic violence as a factor in healthy development. Research findings suggest that children who witness domestic violence are often unnoticed and underserved by other agencies in the community. Principles serving as a guiding framework for policy and service are outlined, as well as recommendations for communities and governmental bodies to help children experiencing domestic violence.

Domestic violence laws in Australia (pdf)

added 11/11/2009

The report analyzes domestic violence legislation in all Australian States and Territories and in New Zealand in order to assist the Australian Government’s National Plan to Reduce Violence Against Women and their Children. The report notes gaps and overlaps between State and Territory domestic violence protection orders and the Family Law Act 1975.

Domestic Violence State Laws

added 12/06/2012
National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges

List of charts that provide an overview of state-specific child protection and child custody laws in the context of domestic violence. They are intended for educational and research purposes. An example of one of the charts is "Child Custody - Domestic Violence as a Factor". This chart sets forth the states that give domestic violence extra weight in the best interest of the child.

Domestic Violence, Visitations and Custody Decisions in New York Family Courts (pdf)

added 03/13/2003
Chris O'Sullivan, Ph.D.

The study reported here was designed to examine the extent to which visitation or custody was sought and granted in cases involving domestic violence, through a review of Family Court records in New York City.

Effective Intervention in Domestic Violence & Child Maltreatment Cases (Executive Summary)

added 10/26/2005
Susan Schechter and Jeffrey L. Edleson, Ph.D.

This is an executive summary of the document "Effective Intervention in Domestic Violence & Child Maltreatment Cases: Guidelines for Policies and Practice." The aim of this document is to offer a more comprehensive set of responses to eliminate or decrease the enormous risks that individual battered mothers, caseworkers, and judges must take on behalf of children.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Effective Intervention in Domestic Violence & Child Maltreatment Cases: Guidelines for Policy & Practice (pdf)

added 05/09/2007
Susan Schechter & Jeffrey Edleson (With major contributions by Judge Leonard P. Edwards, Linda Spears, Ann Rosewater, & Elizabeth Ann Stoffel)

This 133 page publication addresses a number of issues relevant to family violence within the home and the community and specifically focuses on interventions. It is intended to offer communities a guiding framework to develop interventions and measure progress as they seek to improve their responses to families experiencing domestic violence and child maltreatment.

Eliminating Violence against Children (pdf)

added 03/13/2009
Inter-Parliamentary Union and UNICEF

"Jointly produced by UNICEF and the Inter-Parliamentary Union, this handbook describes measures parliamentarians can take to end violence against children: they can legislate, oversee government activities, allocate financial resources and, as leaders in their nations and communities, raise awareness of issues."

Ending Violence Against Women

added 06/11/2008
Lori Heise, Mary Ellsberg and Megan Gottemoeller, Series L, Number 11, in Population Reports (December 1999)

"Highlights the 2 most prevalent types of abuse in the lives of women and girls around the world: intimate partner violence and rape. Demonstrates how world-wide gender-based violence is a major public health concern, suggesting strategies to respond."

Family Violence Statistics: Including Statistics on Strangers and Acquaintances (pdf)

added 06/14/2005
Bureau of Justice Statistics

This study compares family and nonfamily violence statistics from victimization through the different stages of the justice system. Family violence is defined as all types of violent crime committed by an offender who is related to the victim and includes spouse abuse, parental violence against a child, and violence among other family members. Nonfamily relationships used for comparison include boyfriends and girlfriends, friends and acquaintances, and strangers. Data are drawn from victimization surveys, official police statistics, State and Federal court statistics, and surveys of inmates in State prisons and local jails.

Gender Oppression, Abuse and Violence: Community Accountability within the People of Color Progressive Movement (pdf)

added 07/12/2005
Incite! Women of Color Against Violence

This report is generated from a two-day meeting held in Seattle February 7 – 8, 2004 by an ad-hoc INCITE! Community Accountability in Organizations Working Group. This group specifically gathered to address gender oppression including patriarchical political and work environments, sexual harassment, domestic violence, and sexual assault committed against women/girls/women-identified persons of color within progressive, radical and revolutionary people of color organizations and movement.

Guide to the Optional Protocol on the involvement of children in armed conflict (pdf)

added 03/18/2009
UNICEF, Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers

"A guide to the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child related to children in armed conflict. It describes the context surrounding its adoption, efforts supporting its objectives, key provisions and the legislative processes involved for signature and ratification or accession."

Guidelines for Public Child Welfare Agencies Serving Children and Families Experiencing Domestic Violence

added 08/19/2003

The guidelines describe model policies, practices, programs, and protocols that address the multiple needs of families and children affected by domestic violence and child maltreatment. They are based on recommendations contained in the Greenbook and on the thoughtful recommendations provided by public child welfare agency directors, domestic violence advocates, child advocates, and legal representatives.

Guiding Principles for Safe Havens: Supervised Visitation and Safe Exchange Grant Program (pdf)

added 12/13/2009

"This document was designed to guide the development and administration of Supervised Visitation Program centers with an eye toward addressing the needs of child(ren) and adult victims of domestic violence in visitation and exchange settings. The Guiding Principles look beyond the visitation setting to address how communities funded under the Supervised Visitation Program should address domestic violence in the larger community."

Hate, Violence, and Death on Main Street USA: A report on Hate Crimes and Violence Against People Experiencing Homelessness 2008 (pdf)

added 08/21/2009

A new report from the National Coalition for the Homeless (NCH) contains case descriptions of each attack that includes sexual assault. The report notes that because crimes committed against homeless persons often go unreported, the actual numbers of non-lethal attacks is likely much higher. Rapes and sexual assaults also tend to go unreported. The report recommends that state legislatures add homeless persons as a “protected class” to hate crime legislation, and encourages police trainings so law enforcement officers will better understand homelessness and how to prevent hate crimes.

Helping Children Exposed to Domestic Violence: Law Enforcement and Community Partnerships (pdf)

added 04/18/2002
Barbara E. Smith, Laura B. Nickles, Darlanne Hector Mulmat, and Heather J. Davies for the American Bar Association and Association of Governements

March 2001 report. Discusses law enforcement and community responses to children who have been exposed to domestic violence.

Helping Traumatized Children: Tips for Judges (pdf)

added 12/18/2009

"This fact sheet for judges and other court personnel outlines the impact of trauma on children's development, beliefs, and behaviors. It is designed to help professionals in the juvenile justice and family court system become more effective in addressing the unique needs and challenges of the traumatized children and adolescents they work with."

How Are We Measuring Resilience Following Childhood Maltreatment? Is the Research Adequate and Consistent? What is the Impact on Research, Practice, and Policy? (pdf)

added 01/21/2010
Wendy A. Walsh, Jean Dawson, and Marybeth J. Mattingly

"The authors review the literature on resilience following childhood maltreatment and describe how variation in the measurement of outcomes at various developmental stages affects research findings, practice implications, and policy recommendations."

How to obtain U Interim Relief: A Brief Manual for Advocates Assisting Immigrant Victims of Crime (pdf)

added 11/25/2008
Sally Kinoshita, Immigrant Legal Resource Center

This manual provides U Visa information for advocates who assist victims of crime, including domestic violence. The author outlines the definition, requirements, and application process for U Visa Interim relief and also offers information on obtaining permanent residency and derivative status for family members.

How to Write a Letter to the Judge for Victims of Rape, Domestic Violence and Child Abuse

added 07/26/2001

Gives information that should help you write a more effective letter. Provides four examples of different kinds of letters you as a victim or victim advocate, may want to write to the judge in the criminal case. Also available in Spanish.

Human Rights Brief

added 05/20/2000

The Human Rights Brief, a student-run publication of the Center for Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, reports on developments in international human rights and humanitarian law and provides concise legal analysis of cutting edge human rights issues.

If I'm "The Party", Where's the Cake?: The Need for Comprehensive Child-Witness Court Preparation Programs

added 01/08/2013
Joddie Walker

Court preparation is beneficial for the children required to testify in a courtroom. The purpose of a child-witness court preparation program is to assist the child witness in her or his ability to testify truthfully and effectively in a courtroom. This is important because children are required to testify about serious allegations that hold potentially significant outcomes for them or those accused. Having an unprepared child take the witness stand and offer poor testimony is not only regrettable, but preventable.

In the Best Interest of Women and Children: A Call for Collaboration Between Child Welfare and Domestic Violence Constituencies

added 10/11/2005
Susan Schechter and Jeffrey L. Edleson, Ph.D.

This is a briefing paper prepared for a Wingspread Conference of a similar title. It discusses family violence, specifically against women and children, barriers to helping the victims, and the importance of collaboration to effect change.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Information Sharing in Collaborative Relationship: Domestic Violence and Child Protection (pdf)

added 12/15/2005
Jill Richard

This series was created through a collaboration of the Vermont Network Against Domestic and Sexual Violence, the Vermont Department for Children and Families and the Vermont Center for Crime Victim Services. Part III provides general guidance and possibilities for policy development regarding information sharing between systems and presents avenues for effective inquiry where these issues intersect.

Internet sex crimes against minors: The response of law enforcement (pdf)

added 11/14/2012

As Internet use has become widespread, questions have emerged about how often sexual offenders are using the Internet to commit crimes involving child sexual exploitation and child pornography. The National Juvenile Online Victimization (N-JOV) Study was a national research study to systematically collect data about the number and characteristics of arrests for Internet sex crimes against minors. This bulletin is the first publication of findings from the N-JOV Study. It discusses arrest estimates and gives an overview of the types of crimes, characteristics of offenders, and how the criminal-justice system is handling Internet sex crimes against minors.

Issues in Resolving Cases of International Child Abduction by Parents (pdf)

added 04/22/2002
Chiancone, J., Girdner, L., and Hoff, P.

Dec. 2001 Bulletin. Presents key findings from a study funded by OJJDP to identify barriers encountered by those seeking to resolve cases of international child abduction by parents. Conducted by the American Bar Association Center on Children and the Law, the study explored experiences of left-behind parents, practices of Hague Convention Central Authorities (agencies responsible for handling international abduction cases), and promising strategies for law enforcement personnel and other professionals. The Bulletin features highlights from the study, including survey results, best practices, and recommendations. It also provides background information on international parental abductions and the legal framework that affects these cases.

Know Your Rights: For Victims of Rape, Domestic Violence and Child Abuse

added 06/12/2002

Based on California law, this indexed document provides summaries, full legal texts, and notes, on seven key victims' rights for victims of rape, domestic violence, and child abuse. Accompanying the discussion of each right is a section on what to do if the right is violated by officials. The English language document is linked to the full Spanish translation of the same document.

Learning from Experiences of Battered Immigrant, Refugee and Indegenious Women with Child Protection Services to Inform a Dialogue Among Domestic Violence Activisits and Advocates (pdf)

added 02/23/2004
V. Pualani Enos

This document introduces voices of battered immigrant, refugee and indegenious women who were also involved in Child Protection Services. The document explores how community approach can enhance the physical, spiritual and mental health of individuals, families and communities and how this concept can be well utilized for policy and practice for social services.

Little Children Are Sacred: Exploring Accountability to Australia's Aboriginal Children

added 07/13/2010

This collection explores accountability to aboriginal children in the Northern Territory of Australia through a critical analysis of government action (and inaction) - presented generally as its follow-up to recommendations in the Little Children are Sacred report of 2007 - and a review of the community-based response to the government interventions.

Mandatory Reporting of Child Abuse and Neglect: State Statutes and Professional Ethics (pdf)

added 06/03/2009
National District Attorneys Association

A comprehensive listing of state statutes on mandatory reporting of child abuse and neglect. Also included is a listing of reporting requirements and code of ethics for professionals in various fields.

Model Guidelines for the Effective Prosecution of Crimes Against Children (pdf)

added 08/24/2001

The Model Guidelines are meant to be a practical instrument used in the prosecution of crimes against children and the treatment of child victims and witnesses in a manner which is respectful of their rights and needs, bearing in mind the different traditions of civil, common law and other jurisdictions. It is meant to assist: states in mobilizing their criminal justice systems; heads of prosecution units who are responsible for establishing policy; and individual prosecutors in their day to day practice.

Model Protocol for Advocates Working with Battered Women Involved in the Child Protection System

added 05/10/2005
Lupita Patterson

This protocol includes policy and practice recommendations for advocates who work with battered women involved in the child protection system.

Not Enough: What TANF Offers Family Violence Victims (pdf)

added 03/31/2010
Timothy Casey, Jill Davies, Annika Gifford, and Anne Menard

Based on a national survey of service providers, this report is a comprehensive effort to understand when TANF successfully assists victims of family violence, and when the program falls short.

Overlap of Domestic Violence and Child Maltreatment in U.S. State Civil and Criminal Statutes

added 04/18/2000
Annelies Hagemeister, MA, Ph.D.

This April 2000 table lists statutes alphabetically by state.

Other formats: word

Parental Alienation Syndrome and Parental Alienation: Research Reviews (pdf)

added 06/14/2009
Joan S. Meier

This VAWnet document provides a historical and research overview of Parental Alienation Syndrome and Parental Alienation, identifies strategic issues for advocates working with victims, and offers guidelines to improve courts’ treatment of these issues.

Police in the Lives of Young Children Exposed to Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 11/17/2004
Miriam Berkman and Dean Esserman

This paper is part of series of paper that addresses the way to mobilize community and programatic resources to provide responsive help to children and families affected both by domestic violence and poverty. This particular paper explores the important roles the police officer can play in assisting children and families experiencing domestic violence.

Preventing violence and reducing its impact: How development agencies can help (pdf)

added 09/09/2009

This document makes the case for increased attention on the impact of violence on development by international development agencies. A key aim is to stimulate dialogue on the role of international development agencies in the prevention of violence globally, and ultimately to increase investment in a commonly agreed set of applied violence prevention strategies. The primary audience for this document is policy-makers, high-level planners, and others in the international development field.

Promising Approaches: Working with Families, Child Welfare and Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 12/17/2009
Massachusetts Department of Children and Families

The purpose of this brochure is to provide a framework for mandated reporters to create family centered approaches when domestic violence is identified and to offer guidelines to assist mandated reporters to assess accurately and sympathetically, the impact of domestic violence on children and their families.

Promoting Court Capacity to Improve Outcomes for Abused and Neglected Children (pdf)

added 10/20/2008
S. Robison, May 2007

"Written for the National Conference of State Legislators, this report outlines strategies for elected officials to raise public awareness of the court’s role in the lives of vulnerable children and families, and strengthen the collaboration between courts and the child welfare system."

Prosecuting Child Physical Cases: Lessons Learned from the San Diego Experience (pdf)

added 05/02/1996

This document looks at the need for prosecutors to collaborate with other agencies so as to successfully prosecute cases of child physical abuse, a problem often ignored by the legal system.

Prosecutors, Kids, and Domestic Violence Cases (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
Debra Whitcomb

"This article describes some of the issues prosecutors should be aware of when they handle domestic violence cases involving children, especially in light of recent legislation aiming to protect children."

Prostitution of Children and Child-Sex Tourism: An Analysis of Domestic and International Responses (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Eva J. Klain, JD, of the American Bar Association Center on Children and the Law

"This paper addresses both domestic and international responses to the prostitution of children within the United States and abroad. The author highlights policy and practice issues regarding the legal system and social-service responses to prostituted children."

Protecting Children from Exposure to Domestic Violence: The Use and Abuse of Child Maltreatment Statutes

added 05/09/2007
Lois A. Weithorn, J.D., Ph.D.

This 145 page article is a comprehensive review and critical discussion about the laws and child protection responses that have shown to be effective.

Protecting Children in Cyberspace: The ICAC Task Force Program (pdf)

added 04/22/2002
Medaris,M., and Girouard, C.

January 2002 Bulletin. Discusses efforts by OJJDP's Internet Crimes Against Children (ICAC) Task Force Program that address emerging online threats, such as computer-facilitated sex crimes, directed at children and teenagers. The ICAC Task Force Program helps State and local law enforcement agencies develop effective responses to online enticement and child pornography offenses. Responses include investigative, forensic, community education, and victim service components. The information in this OJJDP Bulletin is intended to help parents, policymakers, and practitioners create an Internet environment in which children can participate safely.

Psychological Abuse: A Discussion Paper (pdf)

added 05/27/2009
Deborah Doherty and Dorothy Berglund

"This paper is a review of research on psychological abuse in interpersonal and family relationships including in settings such as long-term care residences.The paper presents research findings on the personal, economic and health related costs of psychological abuse to the individual and to society, and briefly outlines legal recourses for victims. It concludes by exploring ways to recognize and address psychological abuse, while emphasizing the importance of developing holistic approaches "

Realizing the Promise of Home Visitation: Addressing Domestic Violence and Child Maltreatment (pdf)

added 03/07/2010

"This guide is intended to help policy makers and advocates build a strong national policy framework to maximize the effectiveness and reach of early childhood home visiting programs. It is intended to ensure that federal home visiting policies directly address: the needs of mothers and children who are experiencing or at risk of experiencing domestic violence, the link between domestic violence and child abuse and neglect, and the impact of domestic violence on the health and well-being of children and families."

Reasonable Efforts Checklist for Dependency Cases Involving Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 12/13/2009

"This checklist includes easy reference bench cards for judges to consult during removal, adjudication, disposition, review, permanency, and termination hearings involving domestic violence. It is designed to aid judges in making reasonable efforts findings that are required by federal law in dependency cases involving domestic violence."

Reasonable Efforts or Unrealistic Expectations: A Look at Hennepin County Child Protection Cases (pdf)

added 05/25/2010
Marna Anderson, Sarah Coulter and Donna McNamara

"The purpose of this report is to identify ways in which Hennepin County could provide greater support for families throughout the Children in Need of Protection or Services (CHIPS) process and improve the systems in which judges, social workers, and guardians ad litem (GAL) are operating."

Reflections from the Field: Considerations for Domestic Violence Specialists (pdf)

added 08/04/2008
Shellie Taggart and Lauren Litton

"Domestic violence and child protection professionals from multiple states came together to discuss the complexity of systems-change work and the continued need for a social justice framework to guide these efforts. This document is a compilation of their stories and insights as people who have worked as or supported domestic violence specialists dedicated to helping families experiencing the co-occurrence of domestic violence and child maltreatment."

Reflections from the Field: Considerations for Domestic Violence Specialists (pdf)

added 08/16/2011
Shellie Taggart & Lauren Litton

The purpose of this document is to share discussions that were had at a "Specialized Positions Meeting". The conversations had at this meeting focused on advances and insights based on the collective experience of specialists; framing key questions for policy makers and others interested in supporting, funding, and implementing specialist positions; and supporting those working as specialists by reaffirming the importance and difficulty of their role and proposing foundational questions for exploration to shape their role and responsibilities to guide the next generation of their work.

Reporting Child Abuse and Neglect: A Resource Guide for Mandated Reporters (pdf)

added 09/08/2004
Minnesota Department of Human Services

This guide is designed to help mandated reporters better understand the statute and to outline appropriate action that should be taken if there is a suspicion of child abuse or neglect.

Reporting of Maltreatment of Minors: Minnesota Statute 626.556

added 11/27/2001

Posted by the Minnesota Office of the Revisor of Statutes. Discusses public policy, definitions, persons mandated to report, report of deprivation of parental rights or kidnapping, agency responsible for assessing or investigating reports of maltreatment, agency responsible for assessing or investigating reports of maltreatment, immunity from liability, retaliation prohibited, failure to report, and more.

Reporting of Suspicious Wounds by Health Professionals: Minnesota Statute 626.52

added 11/27/2001

Posted by the Minnesota Office of the Revisor of Statutes. Discusses the statute, the fact that health professionals are required to report suspicious wounds and burns, and immunity from liability.

Safety and Accountability: The Underpinnings of a Just Justice System

added 01/10/2006
Barbara J. Hart, Esq

This paper first briefly describes domestic violence. It then discusses the constructs of safety and accountability. Finally it examines how court administration and the judiciary might fully respond to these underpinings of justice for adult and child victims of domestic violence.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext • word

Sample Final Protection Order

added 10/26/2005
Full Faith and Credit Project

This sample order, which is based on Pennsylvania law, is a guide to assist in the drafting of Final Protection Orders in different jurisdictions. The relief available will depend on the laws of each particular state or jurisdiction.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Sample Universal Certification Form for Restraining Orders

added 10/26/2005
Full Faith and Credit Project

A universally recognized and utilized certification form for civil protection/restraining orders will both normalize and expedite full faith and credit of these orders in non-issuing states, pursuant to the provisions of the VAWA. This is a sample order with attached rationale for the benefits of a universally recognized form.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Sexual Assault of Young Children as Reported to Law Enforcement: Victim, Incident, and Offender Characteristics (pdf)

added 05/22/2003
Howard N. Snyder, Ph.D., National Center for Juvenile Justice

Presents findings from the National Incident-Based Reporting System regarding sexual assault, especially young children.

Sharwline Nicholson v. Nicholas Scoppetta - Appeals Decision

added 04/30/2008

This document outlines the Appeals decision regarding the case of Nicholson (filed as a class action in federal court in 2001). This history of this decision is based on the class action lawsuit in which battered mothers and their children in New York City successfully challenged the City child welfare agency's practice and policy of removing children from battered mothers and charging the mothers with child neglect due to domestic violence. The federal court ruled that the practice is unconstitutional under federal law. The case went up on appeal.

Should Childhood Exposure to Adult Domestic Violence Be Defined as Child Maltreatment Under the Law?

added 10/11/2005

Published as a chapter in Protecting Children From Domestic Violence: Strategies for Community Intervention (2004), this article reviews the research on childhood exposure to domestic violence and emerging laws aimed at protecting these children. The author concludes with an argument against assuming that childhood exposure to violence is automatically a form of child maltreatment and suggests the need to modify child protection services and the expansion of primarily voluntary community-based responses to these children and their families.

Other formats: word

Social Worker's Practice Guide to Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 07/06/2010

A guide created by the Department of Social and Health Services, for social workers working with domestic violence issues in the state of Washington. Includes information on how social workers should work with victims and perpetrators, child assessment of exposure to violence, as well as legal and policy issues in the state.

Strategies to Improve Supervised Visitation Services in Domestic Violence Cases

added 10/29/2001
M. Sharon Maxwell, LCSW, Ph.D. & Karen Oehme, J.D.

This Violence Against Women Online Resources commissioned document describes the evolution of supervised visitation services for domestic violence cases, notes legal trends in these cases, describes practice concerns, and presents strategies to improve the safety of participants when supervised visitation, due to domestic violence, is court-ordered.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Supervised Visitation Programs: Information for Mothers Who Have Experienced Abuse (pdf)

added 12/13/2009
Jill Davies for Futures Without Violence, formerly the Family Violence Prevention Fund

"This guide was created for mothers who have experienced abuse and whose children are involved in supervised visitation programs. The guide provides information about how the programs work and how mothers can prepare themselves and their children for the experience."

The Canadian Child Welfare Response to Cases of Exposure to Domestic Violence: Analysis of the 2003 Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (Cis-2003)

added 04/30/2008
Tara Black, Nico Trocme, Barbara Fallon, and Bruce MacLaurin

This document displays the results of a comparative overview of the child welfare response within Canadian boundaries to child exposure to domestic violence. Implications for policy are discussed.

The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (pdf)

added 07/03/2012

The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) is one of the key pieces of legislation that guides child protection. This document contains the language of the Act as amended in 2010.

The Criminal Justice System's Response to Parental Abduction (pdf)

added 04/22/2002
Kathi L. Grasso, Andrea J. Sedlak, Janet L. Chiancone, Frances Gragg, Dana Schultz, and Joseph F. Ryan

15-page Bulletin. As research has demonstrated, the most prevalent form of child abduction in the United States is parental kidnapping. This Bulletin draws on findings of a study conducted for OJJDP by the American Bar Association's Center on Children and the Law and Westat to examine the criminal justice system's response to parental abduction.

THE EXPOSURE OF YOUTH TO UNWANTED SEXUAL MATERIAL ON THE INTERNET A National Survey of Risk, Impact, and Prevention (pdf)

added 01/07/2009
KIMBERLY J. MITCHELL, DAVID FINKELHOR, JANIS WOLAK

"This national survey of youth, ages 10 to 17, and their caretakers has several implications for the current debate about young people and Internet pornography. Twenty five percent of youth had unwanted exposure to sexual pictures on the Internet in the past year, challenging the prevalent assumption that the problem is primarily about young people motivated to actively seek out pornography. Most youth had no negative reactions to their unwanted exposure, but one quarter said they were very or extremely upset, suggesting a priority need for more research on and interventions directed toward such negative effects. The authors urge that social scientific research be undertaken to inform this highly contentious public policy controversy."

The Future of the Grave Risk Of Harm Defense in Hague Cases

added 07/19/2010
Jeremy D. Morley

This article discusses the future of the grave risk of harm defense in Hague Convention international child abduction cases. It provides an interpretation of the Hague Convention in the traditional view as well as in the context of domestic violence. Examples of court rulings are provided which evaluated the nature of abuse and the likelihood of legal protection in the country to which the children are being returned.

The Greenbook Initiative Final Evaluation Report (pdf)

added 07/02/2008
The Greenbook National Evaluation Team

"The Greenbook national evaluation results are presented in three reports. The Greenbook Demonstration Initiative: Process Evaluation Report: Phase 1 focused on the planning and goal setting phase of the Greenbook initiative in the sites. This final evaluation report assesses the extent to which the Greenbook implementation activities facilitated cross-system and within system change and practice in the child welfare agencies, dependency courts, and domestic violence service providers."

The Hague Convention Project

added 02/10/2006

The project seeks to increase the identification of violence against women in international parental child abduction cases processed in U.S. Courts. That identification will allow the American legal community to help protect battered mothers and their children as they cross international borders to safety in the United States. Specifically, this Web site provides information and resources for individuals, attorneys and non-lawyers who litigate or participate in cases involving the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction where domestic violence is an issue.

The Impact of Conflict on Women and Girls in West and Central Africa and the UNICEF response (pdf)

added 03/13/2009

"This first-of-its-kind study by UNICEF on the situation of war-affected girls and women in the region highlights innovative programmes being implemented with partners to address the impact of conflict, and recommends how UNICEF can more proactively champion the rights of girls - particularly adolescent girls."

The National Center for Missing and Exploited Children Factsheet (pdf)

added 07/24/2001
Cathy Girouard

The Fact Sheet describes recent achievements of the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC), which works in partnership with OJJDP to offer prevention and intervention services to families and support law enforcement agencies at the Federal, State, and local levels in cases involving missing or exploited children. For further information about the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, you may visit the Center's Web site at http://www.missingkids.com/.

The New Welfare Law: Implications for Battered Women

added 01/06/2006
Attorney Jill Davies

This paper is the first in a series of three papers that aim to provide relevant and practical information about the new "Welfare Law" and its effects on battered women and their children to domestic violence advocates and others working in the field.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

The Role of Educators in Preventing and Responding to Child Abuse and Neglect (pdf)

added 02/01/2005
Cynthia Crosson-Tower

This manual, designed to examine the roles that teachers, school counselors, school social workers, school nurses, special education professionals, administrators, and other school personnel have in helping maltreated children, provides the basis for the involvement of educators in combating the problem of child abuse and neglect. It also may be used by other professionals involved in child abuse and neglect interventions, such as child protective services, mental health, law enforcement, health care, and early childhood professionals, to gain a better understanding of the role of educators in child protection.

The State of the World's Children 2009 Report

added 03/13/2009

"The State of the World's Children 2009 examines critical issues in maternal and newborn health, underscoring the need to establish a comprehensive continuum of care for mothers, newborns and children. The report outlines the latest paradigms in health programming and policies for mothers and newborns, and explores policies, programmes and partnerships aimed at improving maternal and neonatal health. Africa and Asia are a key focus for this report, which complements the previous year's issue on child survival."

The Troubling Admission of Supervised Visitation Records in Custody Proceedings

added 02/06/2003
Nat Stern and Karen Oehme

This document, originally published in Vol. 75, No.2 of the Temple Law Review, explores the purpose of supervised visitation programs and the legal community's call for their development. At the core of this document is an examination of the standards and guidelines of these programs, as well as the issues surrounding the use and admissibility of observation reports used by these programs.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

The Use of Expert Testimony on Intimate Partner Violence (pdf)

added 11/04/2009
Kathleen J. Ferraro and Noël Bridget Busch-Armendariz, VAWnet

"This Applied Research paper presents an overview of the uses of expert testimony, the qualifications and roles of experts, the literature on the use of testimony on the effects of battering, and considerations for future research."

Other formats: html

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Manual on the preparation, filing and processing of applications pursuant to the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA). Also includes detailed information on Special Immigrant Juvenile Status for Children Under Juvenile Court Jurisdiction, and U and T Non-Immigrant Visas (Victims of Crime and Trafficking). A good resource for advocates and legal professionals working with these victims.
This document takes some time to download, especially with a slow connection.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 1-100 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 101-200 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 201-300 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 301-380 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

Transforming Communities to Prevent Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation: A Primary Prevention Approach (pdf)

added 09/25/2009

"This policy brief presents the distilled research and critical thinking of a diverse group of local and national experts in the field of child sexual abuse and exploitation. Via candid dialog and interviews, these leaders developed and prioritized primary prevention strategies, analyzed environmental factors and norms that perpetuate these problems, and outlined policies and practices for transforming our communities and our nation during these turbulent political and economic times."

Using Policies to Promote Child Sexual Abuse Prevention: What is Working? (pdf)

added 04/17/2013
Carol Plummer, in consultation with Alisa Klein

This Applied Research paper looks at policies specific to child sexual abuse prevention. The review will focus on available research on existing policies and evidence of effectiveness. The authors will briefly discuss international policy efforts to prevent child sexual abuse, but particularly focus on reviewing efforts in the United States. They also make recommendations for future policy advocacy work, including ways to expand policy to include primary prevention.

Other formats: html

Vermont's Model Protocol: Law Enforcement Response to Children at the Scene of a Domestic Violence Incident (pdf)

added 03/12/2010
The Vermont Network Against Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault, Vermont Social and Rehabilitative Services, and Vermont Criminal Justice Training Council

"The intent of this protocol is to assist law enforcement officers in their response to children at the scene of domestic violence incidents. In addition, the protocol outlines an effective response which includes: assessing whether children have been physically harmed, minimizing the impact and repercussions to children who are present, empowering children as much as possible in the process, maintaining victim safety, and maintaining batterer accountability."

Victimization and Trauma Experienced by Children and Youth: Implications for Legal Advocates (pdf)

added 09/28/2012
Lisa Pilnik, JD, and Jessica R. Kendall, JD, Child & Family Policy Associates

The goal of this issue brief is to build the capacity of dependency and delinquency judges, attorneys, and legal advocates to meet the needs of children and youth who are victimized and exposed to violence or other traumatic events.

Violence in Families: Assessing Prevention and Treatment Programs

added 08/01/2006
Rosemary Chalk and Patricia A. King, Eds.

This is a full-text online book made available courtesy of The National Academies Press. This important book, published in 1998, details out chapter by chapter the different types of interventions to be utilized by different types of professionals, as well as makes recommendations.

Viva Voce: A National Newsletter About Child Victims and Witnesses (pdf)

added 01/04/2001

Winter 1999 newsletter. A review of the impact that child testifying in court has on children in included.

When Children Experience Domestic Violence: Expert Opinion

added 04/30/2008
National Coalition for Child Protection Reform

This document includes a summary of a ruling made by a New York Judge to stop removing children from battered women because children of such women are exposed to domestic violence.

Working Effectively with the Police: A Guide for Battered Women's Advocates

added 10/26/2005
Jane Sadusky for BWJP

Revised August 2001. Battered women's advocates and police departments in several jurisdictions have been successful in developing a more effective police response to domestic assault cases. This article highlights information advocates need in order to work collaboratively and effectively with police officers and other law enforcement personnel. The author discusses the changes police officers have made regarding when and how they arrest, investigate, write reports, and how they work with and support prosecutors and victim advocates.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Manuals/Guides/Reports

Building Academic Capacity and Expertise in the Health Effects of Violence and Abuse (pdf)

added 07/17/2008
Mitchell C, Block R, Christensen M, Ettinger, B, Ismailji T, Kelley S, McCollum D, Mouton C.

This report was created from the Proceedings from a Pre-Conference Symposium at the Family Violence Prevention Fund which offers a blueprint on advancing professional health education from a perspective on the health effects on violence and abuse.

2009 KIDS COUNT Data Book: State Profiles of Child Well-being (pdf)

added 09/18/2009

This 20th annual KIDS COUNT Data Book provides national and state-by-state information and statistical trends on the conditions of America’s children and families. The book reports on indicators of educational achievement, economic well-being, and health, among others. The book also ranks states on a composite indicator of child wellness, aggregating measures such as infant mortality rate, graduation rates, and children in poverty.

A Coordinated Response to Child Abuse and Neglect: The Foundation for Practice

added 02/01/2005
Jill Goldman, Marsha Salus, Deborah Wolcott and Kristie Kennedy

Written for new child protective services (CPS) caseworkers, professionals working with children and families, other professionals and concerned community members, this manual addresses the definition, scope, causes, and consequences of child abuse and neglect. It presents an overview of prevention efforts and the child protection process from identification and reporting through investigation and assessment to service provision and case closure.

A Family Resource Guide on International Parental Kidnapping (pdf)

added 04/22/2002
Fox Valley Technical College for U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

Presents practical and detailed advice about preventing international kidnapping and increasing the chance that children who are kidnapped or wrongfully retained will be returned. It provides descriptions and realistic assessments of the civil and criminal remedies available in international parental kidnapping cases, explains applicable laws and identifies both the public and private resources that may be called upon when an international abduction occurs or is threatened, and prepares parents for the legal and emotional difficulties they may experience.

A Judicial Guide to Child Safety in Custody Cases (pdf)

added 12/13/2009
Hon. Jerry J. Bowles, Hon. Kaye K. Christian, Margaret B. Drew, JD, Katheryn L. Yetter, JD

"This Judicial Guide contains 14 bench cards which provide an easy-to-use checklist system for judges at critical decision-making points throughout child custody cases, as well as a supplemental guide which provides additional information about in- and out-of-court behaviors, best interest of the child, and order issuance and enforcement. "

Adaptation Guidelines for Serving Latino Children and Families Affected by Trauma (pdf)

added 01/13/2009
Chadwick Center for Children and Families, Rady Children’s Hospital - San Diego

"This document was created by experts in the fields of child trauma research, clinical practice, policy and cultural diversity to serve as a resource for anyone who works with Latino families who have experienced traumatic events. There are 12 priority areas covered ranging from micro issues (assessment and provision of therapy) to macro issues (organizational competence and policy). Each one includes an overview of the priority area, recommendations for improving practice based on that priority area, and additional resources for further information. Portions of these guidelines are geared for advocates and therapists, while other priority areas are designed for program administrators and policy makers."

Addressing Gender-based Violence: UNFPA Strategy and Framework for Action (pdf)

added 03/11/2009

This report, grounded in UNFPA's overarching goal of eliminating violence against women and girls, identifies particular areas where action is most urgently needed and proposes general policy frameworks for combating gender-based violence.

Addressing the Intersection: Preventing Violence and Promoting Healthy Eating and Active Living (pdf)

added 06/07/2010

"This document provides an explanation of the inter-relationship between violence and healthy eating and activity. The findings and recommendations offered in this paper can support practitioners and advocates in their work to prevent chronic disease in communities heavily impacted by violence. "

AMBER Alert Best Practices (pdf)

added 05/31/2012
US Department of Justice

This is a guide to enhance the ability of law enforcement, broadcasters and child protection officials to safely recover missing and abducted children. The guide details effective practices for training law enforcement, activating and broadcasting an AMBER Alert, disseminating information to the public and approaching family members of an abducted child.

Beyond Child Labour, Affirming Rights (pdf)

added 03/18/2009

Beyond Child Labour shows how UNICEF and its major partners are working to end child labour, a cause of poverty.

Bringing the Greenbook to Life: a Resource Guide for Communities (pdf)

added 08/04/2008
Ann Rosewater and Leigh Goodmark

"This guide is designed for communities seeking to develop interventions that will improve their responses to families suffering both domestic violence and child maltreatment."

Building Capacity in Child Welfare Systems: Domestic Violence Specialized Positions (pdf)

added 08/04/2008
Ann Rosewater

"The report seeks to assist policymakers and practitioners in developing specialist positions that are tailored to the circumstances of their communities and states. We offer observations about initial expectations for these positions and the evolution of the positions over time. We also set forth composite examples of each of the major types of specialized positions and lay out the components of each, including responsibilities, auspices and settings, competencies, and funding sources. By doing so, we highlight different approaches to improving understanding 2 of domestic violence and strengthening the likelihood of achieving safety for non-offending parents and their children."

Child Abuse and Neglect Fatalities: Statistics and Interventions (pdf)

added 04/01/2009

"This 2008 brief report presents statistical information on maltreatment-related fatalities of children including who are the victims and perpetrators and how communities often respond. "

Child abuse, child pornography and the internet (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
John Carr

This report seeks to determine to what extent the internet facilitates sexually abusive behavior in individuals. The report also discusses the role that child pornography can play in stimulating individuals with sexual interest in children to go on committing real life offences against children. The author concludes by proposing ways to increase protection for children using the internet and reduce the amount of child pornography being posted on the internet.

Child and Family Service Review Outcomes: Strategies to Improve Domestic Violence Responses in CFSR Program Improvement Plans (pdf)

added 11/15/2009
Shellie Taggart

"Child and Family Service Reviews (CFSRs) evaluate public child welfare systems to determine how well they achieve safety, permanency, and well-being in difficult situations of neglect, physical and sexual abuse, and co-existing domestic violence, substance abuse, mental health issues, poverty, and community violence. This guide can help stakeholders develop effective (Program Improvement Plans) PIPs for achieving safety, permanency, and well-being in domestic violence cases, and to identify or anticipate related technical assistance needs."

Child Maltreatment 2006 Report (pdf)

added 04/01/2009

"The latest Child Maltreatment annual report reports statistical data from the states on reports of maltreatment, characteristics of the children involved and their perpetrators, fatalities tied to maltreatment, and services provided to prevent maltreatment or to address the consequences of maltreatment."

Child Maltreatment 2011

added 01/07/2013
Children's Bureau

This report presents national data about child abuse and neglect known to child protective services agencies in the United States during federal fiscal year 2011.

Child Protection Information Sheets (pdf)

added 03/18/2009

"This booklet comprises 14 information sheets which highlight how child protection is crucial to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. Covering different forms of abuse, these sheets also outline how to build a protective environment for children and what UNICEF is doing on the ground to protect children."

Child Support Protocol: A Guide for Integrated Domestic Violence Courts (pdf)

added 03/13/2010
Judy Reichler and Liberty Aldrich

A best practices guide for legal professionals who oversee integrated domestic violence court cases involving child custody issues.

Child Trafficking for Sexual Purposes Report (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

End Child Prostitution, Child Pornography and Trafficking of Children for Sexual Purposes (ECPAT International) released a report in November 2008 on the global problem of child sex trafficking. The report sums up progress countries have made since passing laws to combat child sex trafficking. Finally, the report highlights key lessons learned and discusses six recommendations to improve strategies and policies.

Child-Pornography Possessors Arrested in Internet-Related Crimes: Findings From the National Juvenile Online Victimization Study (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Janis Wolak ; David Finkelhor ; Kimberly J. Mitchell

"This report presents findings from the National Juvenile Online Victimization (N-JOV) Study describing arrests and characteristics of offenses and offenders for Internet-related sex crimes committed against minors."

Children Exposed to Violence: A Handbook for Police Trainers to Increase Understanding and Improve Community Responses (pdf)

added 10/30/2003
L.L. Baker, P.G. Jaffe, S.J. Berkowitz & M. Berkman

This handbook is for domestic violence specialists and trainers in police departments. It is designed to increase the understanding of children’s exposure to domestic violence by officers responding to these situations.

Children Exposed to Violence: A Teacher's Handbook to Increase Understanding and Improve Community Responses (pdf)

added 10/30/2003
L.L. Baker, P.G. Jaffe, L.M. Ashbourne & J. Carter

This 26-page resource helps educators understand how violence affects children at different ages, what teachers may see in the classroom, teaching strategies, handling parent-attended events, and supporting students who disclose.

Children with Sexual Behavior Problems: Common Misconceptions vs. Current Findings (pdf)

added 07/07/2008

"This fact sheet provides information about children who demonstrate developmentally inappropriate or aggressive sexual behavior. It addresses some common myths about this population and provides findings from research on the issue."

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

added 03/27/1997

The Human Rights Reports cover internationally recognized individual, civil, political, and worker rights, as set forth in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international agreements. The U.S. Department of State submits reports on all countries receiving assistance and all United Nations member states to the U.S. Congress in accordance with the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and the Trade Act of 1974.

Developmental Repair: A Training Manual (pdf)

added 07/16/2009
Anne Gearity, PhD, LICSW

Washburn Center for Children has recently completed a training manual on Developmental Repair – the treatment framework that has been developed and implemented in their Day Treatment Program under the clinical leadership of Anne Gearity PhD, LICSW. It is an intensive treatment model for working with young children who have experienced complex trauma and present with aggressive and disruptive symptoms.

Developmental Status and Early Intervention Service Needs of Maltreated Children (pdf)

added 01/13/2009
J. Losby et al.

"In this report, published by the Institute for Social and Economic Development, the authors analyze findings from the National Early Intervention Longitudinal Study and the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being. They provide information about the developmental status and early intervention service needs of children under age three who are substantiated for maltreatment. Topics include: 1) the extent to which maltreated children have developmental problems or are subject to factors associated with poor developmental outcomes; 2) the services maltreated children might be eligible for and ones they receive through the child welfare systems; 3) case characteristics, such as child welfare setting, that impact the effect of developmental services; and 4) existing barriers to services."

Did You Know Your Relationship Affects Your Health? (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

A tri-fold patient safety card which contains a checklist to assess safety, healthy/unhealthy relationships, and children's exposure to violence. The card also provides resources and information on how to get help.

Domestic Violence Against Women in Albania (pdf)

added 09/30/2009

"This qualitative report examines the prevalence of domestic violence in Albania, including forms of domestic violence and complicating factors."

Domestic violence laws in Australia (pdf)

added 11/11/2009

The report analyzes domestic violence legislation in all Australian States and Territories and in New Zealand in order to assist the Australian Government’s National Plan to Reduce Violence Against Women and their Children. The report notes gaps and overlaps between State and Territory domestic violence protection orders and the Family Law Act 1975.

Don't Turn Your Back On Girls: Sexual Violence Against Girls In Haiti (pdf)

added 02/25/2009

A comprehensive report on sexual violence against girls in Haiti released by Amnesty International in late November of 2008. Over half of the 105 rapes reported in Haiti by the end of November were committed against girls under the age of 18, according to one of the few organizations in the country which collect rape statistics. The report includes findings on rape as a political weapon, the role of discrimination and poverty, and the state’s response.

Eliminating Violence against Children (pdf)

added 03/13/2009
Inter-Parliamentary Union and UNICEF

"Jointly produced by UNICEF and the Inter-Parliamentary Union, this handbook describes measures parliamentarians can take to end violence against children: they can legislate, oversee government activities, allocate financial resources and, as leaders in their nations and communities, raise awareness of issues."

Enhancing Child Safety and Online Technologies

added 02/20/2009

"A Final Report of the Internet Safety Technical Task Force to the Multi-State Working Group on Social Networking of State Attorneys General of the United States. The scope of the Task Force's inquiry was to consider those technologies that industry and end users - including parents - can use to help keep minors safer on the Internet."

Evaluating Children’s Advocacy Centers’ Response to Child Sexual Abuse (pdf)

added 09/12/2008
Theodore P. Cross, Lisa M. Jones, Wendy A. Walsh, Monique Simone, David J. Kolko, Joyce Szczepanski, Tonya Lippert, Karen Davison, Arthur Cryns, Polly Sosnowski, Amy Shadoin, and Suzanne Magnuson

"With funding from OJJDP, researchers have now completed a four-site evaluation of CACs that, for the first time, contrasts them with comparison communities that did not have a CAC. This Bulletin presents an overview of the results. It examines how CACs affect forensic interviewing, child victim disclosures about abuse, children’s receipt of medical exams and mental health services, prosecution and conviction of offenders, removal of children from their homes, and family satisfaction with child abuse investigations."

Evaluation for Improvement: A Seven-step Empowerment Evaluation Approach for Violence Prevention Organizations (pdf)

added 03/27/2010

"This manual is designed to help violence prevention organizations hire an empowerment evaluator who will assist them in building their evaluation capacity through a learn-by-doing process of evaluating their own strategies. It is for state and local leaders and staff members of organizations, coalitions, government agencies, and/or partnerships working to prevent sexual violence, intimate partner violence, youth violence, suicide, and/or child maltreatment."

Fourth National Incidence Study of Child Abuse and Neglect (NIS-4) (pdf)

added 03/07/2010

"The NIS is a congressionally mandated, periodic research effort to assess the incidence of child abuse and neglect in the United States. The NIS gathers information from multiple sources to estimate the number of children who are abused or neglected, providing information about the nature and severity of the maltreatment, the characteristics of the children, perpetrators, and families, and the extent of changes in the incidence or distribution of child maltreatment since the time of the last national incidence study."

Girls Count: A Global Investment & Action Agenda (pdf)

added 04/07/2010
Ruth Levine, Cynthia Lloyd, Margaret Greene, and Caren Grown, Center for Global Development

"This report describes why and how to initiate effective investments that will give adolescent girls in developing countries a full and equal chance for rewarding lives and livelihoods."

Guidance for Veterinarians to Respond to Suspected Cruelty, Abuse and Neglect (pdf)

added 08/16/2011
Phil Arkow, Paula Boyden, Emily Patterson-Kane

This document was created to help veterinarians who see cases of suspected animal abuse and neglect in practice to respond effectively. It is intended to aid veterinarians in establishing individual, practice-specific policies and procedures that best serve the needs of the animal and the client. Topics covered include documentation, decision making, model policies, client questionnaires, legal reporting requirements, liability and confidentiality, and sources of training and resources.

Guide to the Optional Protocol on the involvement of children in armed conflict (pdf)

added 03/18/2009
UNICEF, Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers

"A guide to the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child related to children in armed conflict. It describes the context surrounding its adoption, efforts supporting its objectives, key provisions and the legislative processes involved for signature and ratification or accession."

Guiding Principles for Safe Havens: Supervised Visitation and Safe Exchange Grant Program (pdf)

added 12/13/2009

"This document was designed to guide the development and administration of Supervised Visitation Program centers with an eye toward addressing the needs of child(ren) and adult victims of domestic violence in visitation and exchange settings. The Guiding Principles look beyond the visitation setting to address how communities funded under the Supervised Visitation Program should address domestic violence in the larger community."

Hate, Violence, and Death on Main Street USA: A report on Hate Crimes and Violence Against People Experiencing Homelessness 2008 (pdf)

added 08/21/2009

A new report from the National Coalition for the Homeless (NCH) contains case descriptions of each attack that includes sexual assault. The report notes that because crimes committed against homeless persons often go unreported, the actual numbers of non-lethal attacks is likely much higher. Rapes and sexual assaults also tend to go unreported. The report recommends that state legislatures add homeless persons as a “protected class” to hate crime legislation, and encourages police trainings so law enforcement officers will better understand homelessness and how to prevent hate crimes.

Healing the Invisible Wounds: Children's Exposure to Violence A Guide for Families (pdf)

added 08/14/2009

"This booklet helps parents and other caregivers understand the potential impact of exposure to violence on the development of their children, and provides practical suggestions for supporting the healing process."

Health Care Costs Associated with Violence in Pennsylvania (pdf)

added 08/11/2008
Health Services Research (August 2000)

"Reports the impact of violence in Pennsylvania including interpersonal violence (homicide, aggravated assault, rape) domestic violence (partner, child and elder abuse) and self-directed violence (suicide and attempted suicide)."

Healthy Development: A Summit on Children’s Mental Health (pdf)

added 06/14/2010

"This report was compiled from a 2009 Summit that brought together a comprehensive group of stakeholders in child and family mental health with the goal of promoting children’s mental health. The report addresses issues such as the prevalence of children’s mental health, gaps in service, current research and public perceptions of mental health, and provides recommendations."

Helping Children Cope with the Stresses of War: A Manual for Parents and Teachers (pdf)

added 03/18/2009
Mona Macksoud, UNICEF

"A tool for parents and teachers in helping children cope with the stresses of war and other forms of systematic violence. This book provides illustrative drawings by children portraying experiences of stress. Guidelines on handling problematic behaviors with which children of various ages respond to stress are also provided."

How to obtain U Interim Relief: A Brief Manual for Advocates Assisting Immigrant Victims of Crime (pdf)

added 11/25/2008
Sally Kinoshita, Immigrant Legal Resource Center

This manual provides U Visa information for advocates who assist victims of crime, including domestic violence. The author outlines the definition, requirements, and application process for U Visa Interim relief and also offers information on obtaining permanent residency and derivative status for family members.

Human Rights Watch World Report 2010 (pdf)

added 07/28/2010

"This 20th annual World Report summarizes human rights conditions in more than 90 countries and territories worldwide. It reflects extensive investigative work undertaken in 2009 by Human Rights Watch staff, usually in close partnership with human rights activists in the country in question."

Implementing Evidence-Based Practice in Treatment Foster Care (pdf)

added 03/27/2009

The guide highlights valuable information, references, resources, and tools for implementing Evidence-based Practices (EBPs) in Treatment Foster Care (TFC) service settings. The Resource Guide identifies specific models, interventions, and tools that TFC providers can use to deliver effective services to the children, youth, and families in their care. It also provides “how-to” information to help TFC providers successfully implement desired EBPs in their programs.

Interpersonal violence and alcohol (pdf)

added 03/27/2010

This report by the World Health Organization presents research on the relation between alcohol and violence. It suggests that alcohol is a situational determinant which increases the risk of most types of violence. Hazardous and harmful use of alcohol has also been shown to be an important consequence of experiencing or witnessing most forms of violence, but especially child maltreatment and intimate partner violence.

Make it Matter: 10 Key Advocacy Messages to Prevent HIV in Girls and Young Women (pdf)

added 04/16/2010
IPPF, UNFPA, Young Positives, Global Coalition on Women & AIDS

"The aim of this guide is to equip its users with key messages, evidence and actions that can be used to advocate effectively to prevent HIV in girls and young women. It focuses on three goals as a response to the epidemic: improving the accessibility of sexual and reproductive health services for girls and young women; expanding socio-economic opportunities; and ending child marriage."

Making the Case for Preventing Child Abuse and Neglect: An Overview of Cost Effective Prevention Strategies (pdf)

added 04/01/2009

"This report from the FRIENDS National Resource Center for Community-Based Child Abuse Prevention provides and overview of a range of prevention strategies that have been found to have some evidence of being able to preventing child abuse and neglect. "

Multi-Agency Practice Guidelines: Handling Cases of Forced Marriage (pdf)

added 08/15/2009
United Kingdom's Forced Marriage Unit

"This report lists warning signs and appropriate actions for teachers and other school employees to take when they suspect a forced marriage of a child is imminent. The report also contains guidelines for police officers, health care professionals, and social workers, and provides general information on good practices when caring for victims of forced marriage."

New Directions from the Field: Victims Rights and Services for the 21st Century

added 08/01/2006
U.S. Department of Justice

Deals with victims rights and services in the business environment, and contains a section on workplace violence and provides practical advice for the business community on assisting the victims of workplace violence. This is a full-text online book.

No One to Turn To: The Under-Reporting of Child Sexual Exploitation and Abuse by Aid Workers and Peacekeepers (pdf)

added 09/21/2010

No One to Turn To seeks to move the debate on and reinvigorate efforts to address the problem of the under-reporting of child sexual exploitation and abuse by aid workers and peacekeepers. Based on research with communities and international organizations, it examines the chronic under-reporting of abuse and the inadequate response to it. It provides new analysis on why this abuse persists despite international efforts to stop it, and proposes new solutions to tackle it.
Also available in French

Not Enough: What TANF Offers Family Violence Victims (pdf)

added 03/31/2010
Timothy Casey, Jill Davies, Annika Gifford, and Anne Menard

Based on a national survey of service providers, this report is a comprehensive effort to understand when TANF successfully assists victims of family violence, and when the program falls short.

Online Victimization of Youth: Five Years Later (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Janis Wolak, Kimberly Mitchell, and David Finkelhor

"This second groundbreaking national survey of 1,500 youth aged 10 to 17 documented their use of the Internet and experiences while online including unwanted exposure to sexual solicitation, sexual material, and harassment. It was produced in cooperation with OJJDP and the University of New Hampshire’s Crimes against Children Research Center and includes recommendations to help make the Internet safer for children."

Personal Safety for Children: A Guide for Parents

added 10/02/2009

"This guide gives tips to help parents keep their children safer at home, at school, and in the community. Available in English and Spanish."

Poverty and Domestic Violence

added 07/13/2010

"This special collection includes a categorized and selected listing of articles, fact sheets, papers, reports and surveys. It is offered as an additional tool to assist advocates working on and interested in poverty and how it relates to ending violence against women."

Preventing violence and reducing its impact: How development agencies can help (pdf)

added 09/09/2009

This document makes the case for increased attention on the impact of violence on development by international development agencies. A key aim is to stimulate dialogue on the role of international development agencies in the prevention of violence globally, and ultimately to increase investment in a commonly agreed set of applied violence prevention strategies. The primary audience for this document is policy-makers, high-level planners, and others in the international development field.

Progress for Children: A report card on adolescents (pdf)

added 04/26/2012
UNICEF

Progress for Children: A report card on adolescents provides an overview of the situation of adolescents, including of their vulnerabilities in critical areas. It makes a compelling case for increased efforts in advocacy, programming and policy, and for investment, to ensure the rights of adolescents and to achieve the Millennium Development Goals. The last section of the report focuses on violence experienced by adolescents.
Released April 2012

Realizing the Promise of Home Visitation: Addressing Domestic Violence and Child Maltreatment (pdf)

added 03/07/2010

"This guide is intended to help policy makers and advocates build a strong national policy framework to maximize the effectiveness and reach of early childhood home visiting programs. It is intended to ensure that federal home visiting policies directly address: the needs of mothers and children who are experiencing or at risk of experiencing domestic violence, the link between domestic violence and child abuse and neglect, and the impact of domestic violence on the health and well-being of children and families."

Reasonable Efforts Checklist for Dependency Cases Involving Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 12/13/2009

"This checklist includes easy reference bench cards for judges to consult during removal, adjudication, disposition, review, permanency, and termination hearings involving domestic violence. It is designed to aid judges in making reasonable efforts findings that are required by federal law in dependency cases involving domestic violence."

Reasonable Efforts or Unrealistic Expectations: A Look at Hennepin County Child Protection Cases (pdf)

added 05/25/2010
Marna Anderson, Sarah Coulter and Donna McNamara

"The purpose of this report is to identify ways in which Hennepin County could provide greater support for families throughout the Children in Need of Protection or Services (CHIPS) process and improve the systems in which judges, social workers, and guardians ad litem (GAL) are operating."

Relationship of Childhood Abuse and Household Dysfunction to Many of the Leading Causes of Death in Adults: The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study (pdf)

added 08/23/2011
Vincent J. Felitti, et al.

This article seeks to gain more of an understanding of the relationship between health risk behavior and disease in adulthood and the breadth of exposure to childhood emotional, physical, or sexual abuse, and household dysfunction during childhood. They conclude that a strong relationship does exist and that adverse childhood exposure can lead to multiple risk factors for several of the leading causes of death in adults.

Safe Start Center

added 10/22/2010

The Safe Start Center is a website compiling research, resources, service delivery strategies and more for The Safe Start Initiative which is funded by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. The goal of the Safe Start Initiative is to broaden the knowledge of and promote community investment in evidence-based strategies for reducing the impact of children's exposure to violence.

Safe Start Promising Approaches Communities: Working Together to Help Children Exposed to Violence (pdf)

added 11/04/2009

Launched by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention(OJJDP) and its Federal partners in the Department of Justice and the Department of Health and Human Services, the initiative is designed as a national framework which seeks to address the needs of children exposed to violence. This booklet describes each of the 15 Safe Start Promising Approaches communities and outlines how these programs are integrating evidence-based or promising practices as well as other complementary interventions within their geographical, agency, and community contexts.

Santa Clara County Violence Profile 2012 (pdf)

added 04/16/2012

The data in this report provide a snapshot of violence in Santa Clara County that will help inform how and where to concentrate local public health efforts to prevent violence from occurring in the first place. Topic areas include adult and youth violence, intimate partner violence, youth safety, youth risk factors, youth protective factors, child maltreatment, and elder/dependent adult maltreatment.

Security Begins at Home (pdf)

added 02/25/2009

The Kosova Women’s Network released the country’s first study on domestic violence, called Security Begins at Home. The report highlights key points such as: what the citizens of Kosovo perceive as domestic violence, the forms and consequences of domestic violence, citizens' response to ending it, and the legal and institutional gaps in addressing it.

Shattered Hearts: The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of American Indian Women and Girls in Minnesota (pdf)

added 10/18/2009

A groundbreaking report released by the Minnesota Indian Women’s Resource Center (MIWRC) highlights the alarming and pervasive sex trafficking of American Indian women and girls in Minnesota. The first comprehensive report of its kind, it highlights risk factors for victims that include poverty, a disproportionate number of American Indian homeless, high incidences of overall sexual assault, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and pervasive multi-generational trauma.

Shattered Lives: Homicides, Domestic Violence and Asian Families (pdf)

added 06/29/2010
Chic Dabby, Hetana Patel and Grace Poore

This report focuses on domestic violence related homicides as a critical issue affecting Asian, Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander battered women since 2001. Types of domestic violence related homicides, children as victims, and perpetrator types are discussed. Findings and recommendations are also provided.

Social Worker's Practice Guide to Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 07/06/2010

A guide created by the Department of Social and Health Services, for social workers working with domestic violence issues in the state of Washington. Includes information on how social workers should work with victims and perpetrators, child assessment of exposure to violence, as well as legal and policy issues in the state.

Status of Girls in Minnesota

added 05/25/2010
Women’s Foundation of Minnesota and the Institute for Women’s Policy Research

"This 2008 report provides detailed information on the status of girls in Minnesota. It also serves as a tool for advocates, researchers, and policy makers in developing a set of interventions that will ensure girls’ economic, social, and political equality in the state. "

Supervised Visitation Programs: Information for Mothers Who Have Experienced Abuse (pdf)

added 12/13/2009
Jill Davies for Futures Without Violence, formerly the Family Violence Prevention Fund

"This guide was created for mothers who have experienced abuse and whose children are involved in supervised visitation programs. The guide provides information about how the programs work and how mothers can prepare themselves and their children for the experience."

Supporting Battered Mothers Protects Children: Reducing the Effects of Domestic Violence on Children (pdf)

added 05/03/2011

This report was created in response to a request from the Chairman of the Missouri Children’s Services Commission, Representative Jeff Grisamore. It contains the latest research on the prevalence of child exposure to domestic violence and best practices in addressing this violence. The report also includes recommendations on how the state of Missouri can better meet the needs of children and mothers experiencing violence.

Surveillance for Violent Deaths -- National Violent Death Reporting System, 16 States, 2005

added 04/08/2009

"This report summarizes data from CDC's National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) regarding violent deaths from 16 U.S. states for 2005. Results are reported by sex, age group, race/ethnicity, marital status, location of injury, method of injury, circumstances of injury, and other selected characteristics."

Team Decisionmaking and Domestic Violence: An Advanced Training for TDM Facilitators and Child Protection Supervisors (pdf)

added 03/31/2010

"This free advanced domestic violence curriculum outlines safely preparing for and managing effective meetings, engaging parents around domestic violence issues, assessing the impact of children’s exposure to domestic violence, and making decisions and plans to increase safety for children and battered mothers."

Tell the World What Happened to Me: Findings and Recommendations from Washington State Domestic Violence Fatality Review

added 03/04/2003
Margaret Hobart, Washington State Coalition Against Domestic Violence

A quantitative summary of the domestic violence fatality cases tracked and reviewed in depth. This report contains descriptive information about the fatalities, such as who was killed, their ages and races, how frequently homicidal domestic violence abusers were also suicidal and what weapons were used. This report is the second of two that were issued. The first report, Honoring Their Lives, Learning from Their Deaths, was released in December 2000. The findings and recommendations from the 2000 report continue to be relevant; this report should be considered its companion, not its replacement.

The Costs Of Child Abuse vs. Child Abuse Prevention: Michigan's Experience

added 04/26/1996
Robert A. Caldwell, Ph.D., Michigan State University

This report is a cost-benefit analysis of child abuse prevention.

The Economic Dimensions of Interpersonal Violence (pdf)

added 07/21/2009
Hugh Waters, et al., Department of Injuries and Violence Prevention, World Health Organization

This document examines the economic effects of interpersonal violence, including sexual violence, as well as the economic effects of interventions seeking to reduce violence and the ways in which economic factors such as poverty and income inequality contribute to violence.

The Impact of Conflict on Women and Girls in West and Central Africa and the UNICEF response (pdf)

added 03/13/2009

"This first-of-its-kind study by UNICEF on the situation of war-affected girls and women in the region highlights innovative programmes being implemented with partners to address the impact of conflict, and recommends how UNICEF can more proactively champion the rights of girls - particularly adolescent girls."

The National Report on Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking: America’s Prostituted Children (pdf)

added 10/02/2009

The report reveals findings of three years of intensive research on the issue of child sex trafficking in America from ten locations across the U.S. The study found that at least 100,000 children are used in prostitution every year in the United States and that the average age of entry into prostitution is 13 years old.

The Safe Start Center Series on Children Exposed to Violence: Pediatric Care Settings (pdf)

added 11/04/2009
Betsy McAlister Groves, LICSW, and Marilyn Augustyn, MD

This issue brief translates emerging research and program practice into action steps for practitioners in pediatric care settings to design and implement programs that meet the needs of children who are exposed to violence.

The State of the World's Children 2009 Report

added 03/13/2009

"The State of the World's Children 2009 examines critical issues in maternal and newborn health, underscoring the need to establish a comprehensive continuum of care for mothers, newborns and children. The report outlines the latest paradigms in health programming and policies for mothers and newborns, and explores policies, programmes and partnerships aimed at improving maternal and neonatal health. Africa and Asia are a key focus for this report, which complements the previous year's issue on child survival."

The Structured Decision Making Model: An Evidence-based Approach to Human Services

added 03/27/2009

Structured Decision Making (SDM) is an evidence-based model designed to help agencies and caseworkers make accurate risk assessments about families and children. A new guide from the Children's Research Center (CRC), a division of the National Council on Crime and Delinquency, reviews the principles of the SDM model and provides updated information on its use in jurisdictions around the country.

The Unclaimed Children Revisited, California Case Study (pdf)

added 06/14/2010
Janice L. Cooper, Yumiko Aratani, Rachel Masi, Patti Banghart, Sarah Dababnah, Ayana Douglas-Hall, Alex L. Tavares, and Shannon Stagman

"The purpose of the California Case Study is to identify, document, and analyze effective fiscal, infrastructural, and related policies that support research-informed practices for mental health services to children and adolescents in California."

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Manual on the preparation, filing and processing of applications pursuant to the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA). Also includes detailed information on Special Immigrant Juvenile Status for Children Under Juvenile Court Jurisdiction, and U and T Non-Immigrant Visas (Victims of Crime and Trafficking). A good resource for advocates and legal professionals working with these victims.
This document takes some time to download, especially with a slow connection.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 1-100 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 101-200 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 201-300 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 301-380 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

Tips for Social Workers, Counselors, Health Workers, Teachers, Clergy and Others Helping Victims of Rape, Domestic Violence, and Child Abuse

added 10/29/2002

This is a good introduction to advocacy concepts used when working with victims of intimate violence, rape and child abuse. It is designed for use both as a workshop outline and as a guide for direct interactions with individual clients.

Trafficking and Forced Prostitution of Palestinian Women and Girls: Forms of Modern Day Slavery

added 12/17/2009
SAWA – All the Women Together Today and Tomorrow

"The first, in-depth study of its kind within the region that digs deeper to unravel the layers of this type of abuse. The paper analyzes six case studies — two on fathers selling their daughters, three on traffickers and one on a woman working in prostitution. It assesses and measures the extent of women trafficking in the Palestinian region in order to call on civil society organizations and Palestinian governmental institutions to take urgent and concrete actions against this human rights violation."

Other formats: pdf

Transforming Communities to Prevent Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation: A Primary Prevention Approach (pdf)

added 09/25/2009

"This policy brief presents the distilled research and critical thinking of a diverse group of local and national experts in the field of child sexual abuse and exploitation. Via candid dialog and interviews, these leaders developed and prioritized primary prevention strategies, analyzed environmental factors and norms that perpetuate these problems, and outlined policies and practices for transforming our communities and our nation during these turbulent political and economic times."

Understanding and Protecting Your Children from Child Molesters and Predators

added 06/11/2008
Cory Jewell Jensen and Steve Jensen for Oprah.com (2002)

"This packet provides information about child molesters and some of the things you, your family and community can do to help keep children safe."

Understanding Children’s Exposure to Violence (pdf)

added 11/04/2009
Elena Cohen, Betsy McAlister Groves, and Kristen Kracke

The Safe Start Center has developed a series of briefs on Children Exposed to Violence. The briefs are developed to respond to an urgent need to translate research-based information and disseminate it to practitioners who can use it in their work with children and families in different settings. This particular brief describes core concepts—gleaned from research and program practice—used in designing and implementing programs that address children’s exposure to violence.

UNITY RoadMap: A Framework for Effectiveness and Sustainability

added 09/25/2009

"The UNITY RoadMap is a resource for cities to prevent violence before it occurs by mapping out solutions to effectively and sustainably prevent violence. The UNITY RoadMap helps cities understand the current status of their efforts, describes the core elements necessary to prevent violence before it occurs, and provides information, resources, and examples to support cities in planning, implementation, and evaluation."

Violence in the Lives of Children (pdf)

added 04/01/2009
Brett V. Brown, Ph.D, and Sharon Bzostek, Child Trends

"This data brief from Child Trends reviews data on the types of violence experienced by U.S. children, including exposure to violence through media to abuse by parents and peers. Differences by age, gender, and race/ethnicity are discussed along with priorities for filling gaps in the data that is available on this topic."

What About Me? Coping with the abduction of a brother or sister (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

"This booklet is based largely on input from eight children who have experienced the abduction of a brother or sister by a nonfamily member. It is designed to provide help, support, and guidance to children who are going through this type of trauma. "

Women and Health: Today’s Evidence, Tomorrow’s Agenda (pdf)

added 04/30/2010

"This report reviews evidence on the health issues that particularly affect girls and women throughout their life course. This report uses currently available data to draw attention to the consequences and costs of failing to address health issues at appropriate points in their lives."

Workers in the Shadows: Abuse and Exploitation of Child Domestic Workers in Indonesia (pdf)

added 10/02/2009

"This report documents how hundreds of thousands of girls in Indonesia, some as young as 11, are employed as domestic workers in other people’s households, performing tasks such as cooking, cleaning, laundry, and child care. Most girls interviewed for the report worked 14 to 18 hours a day, seven days a week, with no day off. Almost all are grossly underpaid, and some get no salary at all. In the worst cases, girls reported being physically, psychologically, and sexually abused."

Working Effectively with the Police: A Guide for Battered Women's Advocates

added 10/26/2005
Jane Sadusky for BWJP

Revised August 2001. Battered women's advocates and police departments in several jurisdictions have been successful in developing a more effective police response to domestic assault cases. This article highlights information advocates need in order to work collaboratively and effectively with police officers and other law enforcement personnel. The author discusses the changes police officers have made regarding when and how they arrest, investigate, write reports, and how they work with and support prosecutors and victim advocates.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Young People’s Voices on Child Trafficking: Experiences from South Eastern Europe (pdf)

added 02/20/2009
Mike Dottridge

"The UNICEF Innocenti Centre (formally known as the International Child Development Centre) based in Florence, Italy, released a report in December 2008 on child trafficking. The report is based on interviews with 31 individuals in Albania, Kosovo, Republic of Moldova and Romania who had been trafficked when under the age of 18. It details children’s experiences with trafficking and support services. "


Mental health

Adaptation Guidelines for Serving Latino Children and Families Affected by Trauma (pdf)

added 01/13/2009
Chadwick Center for Children and Families, Rady Children’s Hospital - San Diego

"This document was created by experts in the fields of child trauma research, clinical practice, policy and cultural diversity to serve as a resource for anyone who works with Latino families who have experienced traumatic events. There are 12 priority areas covered ranging from micro issues (assessment and provision of therapy) to macro issues (organizational competence and policy). Each one includes an overview of the priority area, recommendations for improving practice based on that priority area, and additional resources for further information. Portions of these guidelines are geared for advocates and therapists, while other priority areas are designed for program administrators and policy makers."

Addressing Gender-based Violence: UNFPA Strategy and Framework for Action (pdf)

added 03/11/2009

This report, grounded in UNFPA's overarching goal of eliminating violence against women and girls, identifies particular areas where action is most urgently needed and proposes general policy frameworks for combating gender-based violence.

Boys will be Boys: Understanding the Impact of Child Maltreatment and Family Violence on the Sexual, Reproductive, and Parenting Behaviors of Young Men (pdf)

added 06/25/2010
Abby Kahn and Pat Paluzzi, Healthy Teen Network

A paper on the impact of physical, sexual, and psychological abuse, and exposure to family violence on the sexual, reproductive, and parenting behaviors of young men.

Childhood Experience and the Expression of Genetic Potential: What Childhood Neglect Tells Us About Nature and Nurture (pdf)

added 02/25/2009
Bruce D. Perry

"Abuse studies from the author’s laboratory, studies of children in orphanages who lacked emotional contact, and a large number of animal deprivation and enrichment studies point to the need for children and young nonhuman mammals to have both stable emotional attachments with and touch from primary adult caregivers, and spontaneous interactions with peers. If these connections are lacking, brain development both of caring behavior and cognitive capacities is damaged in a lasting fashion. The effects of the childhood environment, favorable or unfavorable, interact with all the processes of neurodevelopment."

Corporal punishment as a Stressor Among Youth (pdf)

added 11/19/2008
Heather A. Turner and David Finkelhor

"This article addresses the impact of corporal punishment by parents on the psychological well being of youth. Based on the authors' findings, the research indicates a positive association between the frequency of corporal punishment and both psychological distress and depression."

Corporal Punishment by Parents and Associated Child Behaviors and Experiences: A Meta-Analytic and Theoretical Review (pdf)

added 11/19/2008
Elizabeth Thompson Gershoff

"The author presents the results of meta-analyses of the association between parental corporal punishment and 11 child behaviors and experiences. Parental corporal punishment was associated with all child constructs, including higher levels of immediate compliance and aggression and lower levels of moral internalization and mental health. The author then presents a process– context model to explain how parental corporal punishment might cause particular child outcomes and considers alternative explanations. The article concludes by identifying 7 major remaining issues for future research."

Corporal Punishment in Adolescence and Physical Assaults on Spouses in Later Life: What Accounts for the Link? (pdf)

added 11/19/2008
MURRAY A. STRAUS AND CARRIE L. YODANIS

"Using data on 4,401 couples who participated in the National Family Violence Survey, this article reports modeling of cultural norms or other processes that could account for the link between corporal punishment and partner violence. Because corporal punishment of adolescents occurs in over half of U.S. families, the findings suggest that elimination of this practice can reduce some of the psychological and social processes that increase the likelihood of future marital violence and perhaps other violence as well."

Corporal Punishment of Children and Adult Depression and Suicidal Ideation

added 07/16/2001

Article that discusses the physical and psychological effects of child abuse.

Creating Trauma-Informed Systems of Child Welfare (pdf)

added 12/04/2012
Center for Excellence in Children's Mental Health

This article addresses systems-level changes that can help improve communication and service delivery and ultimately reduce trauma for children.

Developmental Repair: A Training Manual (pdf)

added 07/16/2009
Anne Gearity, PhD, LICSW

Washburn Center for Children has recently completed a training manual on Developmental Repair – the treatment framework that has been developed and implemented in their Day Treatment Program under the clinical leadership of Anne Gearity PhD, LICSW. It is an intensive treatment model for working with young children who have experienced complex trauma and present with aggressive and disruptive symptoms.

Developmental Status and Early Intervention Service Needs of Maltreated Children (pdf)

added 01/13/2009
J. Losby et al.

"In this report, published by the Institute for Social and Economic Development, the authors analyze findings from the National Early Intervention Longitudinal Study and the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being. They provide information about the developmental status and early intervention service needs of children under age three who are substantiated for maltreatment. Topics include: 1) the extent to which maltreated children have developmental problems or are subject to factors associated with poor developmental outcomes; 2) the services maltreated children might be eligible for and ones they receive through the child welfare systems; 3) case characteristics, such as child welfare setting, that impact the effect of developmental services; and 4) existing barriers to services."

Did You Know Your Relationship Affects Your Health? (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

A tri-fold patient safety card which contains a checklist to assess safety, healthy/unhealthy relationships, and children's exposure to violence. The card also provides resources and information on how to get help.

Did You Know Your Relationship Affects Your Health? (Spanish) (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

A tri-fold patient safety card which contains a checklist to assess safety, healthy/unhealthy relationships, and children's exposure to violence. The card also provides resources and information on how to get help.

Ecological Treatment for Parent-to-Child Violence (pdf)

added 02/19/2013
Cynthia Cupit Swenson, Ph.D. ; Lisa Saldana, Ph.D. ; Cathy Dodds Joyner, M.Ed. ; Scott W. Henggeler, Ph.D.

In this book chapter from Interventions for Children Exposed to Violence the authors present an ecological conceptualization of and a treatment for parent-to-child violence. This chapter provides an empirical background for the mental health correlates of parent-to-child violence, identifies the risk factors for child physical abuse in order to illustrate the need for an ecological treatment model, and describes recent work on applying an ecological treatment model and Multisystemic Therapy (MST) to parent-to-child violence.

Evaluating Children’s Advocacy Centers’ Response to Child Sexual Abuse (pdf)

added 09/12/2008
Theodore P. Cross, Lisa M. Jones, Wendy A. Walsh, Monique Simone, David J. Kolko, Joyce Szczepanski, Tonya Lippert, Karen Davison, Arthur Cryns, Polly Sosnowski, Amy Shadoin, and Suzanne Magnuson

"With funding from OJJDP, researchers have now completed a four-site evaluation of CACs that, for the first time, contrasts them with comparison communities that did not have a CAC. This Bulletin presents an overview of the results. It examines how CACs affect forensic interviewing, child victim disclosures about abuse, children’s receipt of medical exams and mental health services, prosecution and conviction of offenders, removal of children from their homes, and family satisfaction with child abuse investigations."

Facts on Trauma and Homeless Children (pdf)

added 07/21/2008
Ellen L. Bassuk and Steven M. Friedman, National Child Traumatic Stress Network Homelessness and Extreme Poverty Working Group (2005)

"This document gives a brief overview of homelessness, the impact of trauma on homeless children, and ways homeless shelter programs can provide services to homeless families who have been exposed to trauma."

Healthy Development: A Summit on Children’s Mental Health (pdf)

added 06/14/2010

"This report was compiled from a 2009 Summit that brought together a comprehensive group of stakeholders in child and family mental health with the goal of promoting children’s mental health. The report addresses issues such as the prevalence of children’s mental health, gaps in service, current research and public perceptions of mental health, and provides recommendations."

Helping Children Cope with the Stresses of War: A Manual for Parents and Teachers (pdf)

added 03/18/2009
Mona Macksoud, UNICEF

"A tool for parents and teachers in helping children cope with the stresses of war and other forms of systematic violence. This book provides illustrative drawings by children portraying experiences of stress. Guidelines on handling problematic behaviors with which children of various ages respond to stress are also provided."

Helping Children Cope with Violence: A School-Based Program That Works (pdf)

added 10/26/2005
A RAND Corporation publication

Violence is one of our most significant public health issues. Children exposed to violence frequently develop post-traumatic stress symptoms. They are more likely to have behavioral problems, poorer school performance, more days of school absence, and feelings of depression and anxiety. School officials are often willing to provide help at school. But these professionals face an important question: What works? There have been no randomized controlled trials of intervention effectiveness with which to answer this question. To fill this gap, a team of clinician-researchers from several institutions collaborated to develop, implement, and evaluate an intervention designed to help children traumatized by violence. The team included professionals from the RAND Corporation, the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), and the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD).