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Child Abuse—Child exposure—articles

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2009 KIDS COUNT Data Book: State Profiles of Child Well-being (pdf)

added 09/18/2009

This 20th annual KIDS COUNT Data Book provides national and state-by-state information and statistical trends on the conditions of America’s children and families. The book reports on indicators of educational achievement, economic well-being, and health, among others. The book also ranks states on a composite indicator of child wellness, aggregating measures such as infant mortality rate, graduation rates, and children in poverty.

A Balanced Collaboration: How Vermont Built a Protocol for Law Enforcement Response to Children and Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 03/12/2010
Jane M. Sadusky

"This paper examines the process Vermont used, including areas of both agreement and uncertainty, and introduces the protocol to a wider audience of interveners. It draws on a review of planning notes and other documents and a series of interviews with those who participated in shaping the process and the protocol. It provides a starting point for other communities to explore their own response to children at domestic violence incidents, as well as an approach that can be used to examine other aspects of intervention."

A Better Start: Child maltreatment as a public health priority (pdf)

added 12/12/2011
Zimmerman, F. & Mercy, J.A.

Using a public health approach, the authors of this article promote the prevention of child maltreatment using strategies that offer a continuum of services & encorporate the individual, family, community, and societal levels to promote health and well-being.

A Judicial Checklist for Children and Youth Exposed to Violence (Actual Checklist for Consideration) (pdf)

added 01/22/2007

A detailed checklist outlining information for judges to consider when working with cases where children or youth have been exposed to violence. A technical assistance brief detailing educational information and knowledge that is important for judges to be familiar with, can be found under the additional title.

A Judicial Checklist for Children and Youth Exposed to Violence (Informational Reading) (pdf)

added 01/22/2007

A technical assistance brief that addresses the need for judges to understand the impact violence has on children and adolescents. The detailed checklist outlining information for judges to consider is located separate from this material.

A Judicial Guide to Child Safety in Custody Cases (pdf)

added 12/13/2009
Hon. Jerry J. Bowles, Hon. Kaye K. Christian, Margaret B. Drew, JD, Katheryn L. Yetter, JD

"This Judicial Guide contains 14 bench cards which provide an easy-to-use checklist system for judges at critical decision-making points throughout child custody cases, as well as a supplemental guide which provides additional information about in- and out-of-court behaviors, best interest of the child, and order issuance and enforcement. "

Accountability and Connection with Abusive Men (pdf)

added 03/14/2010

"This document is an effort to remedy the excessive focus on mothers in cases involving domestic violence. It provides suggestions for connecting with and holding abusers accountable. It is a resource for child protection workers, supervisors, managers and others working with families involved in the child protection system."

Adaptation Guidelines for Serving Latino Children and Families Affected by Trauma (pdf)

added 01/13/2009
Chadwick Center for Children and Families, Rady Children’s Hospital - San Diego

"This document was created by experts in the fields of child trauma research, clinical practice, policy and cultural diversity to serve as a resource for anyone who works with Latino families who have experienced traumatic events. There are 12 priority areas covered ranging from micro issues (assessment and provision of therapy) to macro issues (organizational competence and policy). Each one includes an overview of the priority area, recommendations for improving practice based on that priority area, and additional resources for further information. Portions of these guidelines are geared for advocates and therapists, while other priority areas are designed for program administrators and policy makers."

Advocacy Beyond Leaving: Helping Battered Women in Contact With Current or Former Partners (pdf)

added 05/19/2009
Jill Davies

A guide for domestic violence advocates providing information on improving outreach and responses to domestic violence victims who are in contact with their partners or children’s fathers. This guide addresses how to identify safety strategies, find resources and to know what to say when a victim’s focus and goals are to remain in contact, remain in the relationship or to improve their children’s relationship with their father.

American Indians and Crime (pdf)

added 07/07/2008
Lawrence Greenfield and Steven Smith, U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics

"Reports rates and characteristics of violent crimes experienced by Native Americans and summarizes data on Native Americans in the criminal justice system."

Animal Maltreatment in the Ecology of Abused Children: Compelling Research and Responses for Prevention, Assessment and Intervention (pdf)

added 05/26/2011
Phil Arkow

In this article Phil Arkow argues that it is important to use an ecological systems approach to better understand children’s interactions with animals. Understanding the role and impact of animals in the ecology of violent childhoods can help service providers to successfully address issues related to exposure to violence.

Assessing Child Exposure to Adult Domestic Violence (word)

added 07/06/2006
Jeffrey L. Edleson, Amanda L. Ellerton, Ellen A. Seagren, Staci L. Kirchberg, Sarah O. Schmidt, & Amirthini T. Ambrose

This article addresses the current available assessment tools for measuring the level of exposure to domestic violence children have witnessed within the home. A brief review of the existing measurements is offered as well as the need for a more thoroughly refined assessment tool. Suggestions are offered.

Assessing Risk To Children From Batterers (pdf)

added 06/16/2005
Lundy Bancroft and Jay G. Silverman

This document provides an overview of potential sources of physical and psychological injury to children from contact with batterers, details recommendations for evaluating the risk to children and provides assessment guidelines that professionals can apply in cases where a batterer admits to a history of abusiveness by asserting that he has changed. Information is also provided regarding the necessary context for children's recovery from exposure to battering behavior.

Barbara J. Hart's Collected Writings

added 05/20/2000
Barbara J. Hart

Barbara J. Hart is the Legal Director of the Pennsylvania Coalition Against Domestic Violence, Associate Director of the Battered Women's Justice Project, and Legal Consultant to the National Resource Center on Domestic Violence. This document contains 16 of her writings around issues of domestic violence.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Battered Women and Their Children

added 12/07/1999

Battered Women and Their Children is a website devoted to a professional and scholarly examination of the connections between domestic violence (woman abuse) and child maltreatment (child abuse and neglect).

Battered Women Involved with Child Protective Services: Learning from Immigrant, Refugee and Indigenous Women's Experiences (pdf)

added 08/23/2010
V. Pualani Enos

"The purpose of this study was to learn how CPS can be more responsive to families experiencing domestic violence and child abuse and neglect; learn how domestic violence advocates can be more effective in helping clients to respond to allegations of or actual child abuse and neglect and CPS interventions; explore how community can be more responsive to partner abuse and child abuse and neglect and provide support to families involved with CPS; and experiment with a research design that accomplishes the first step of participatory research and at the same time empowers advocates and survivors."

Battered Women's Reports of Their Partner's and Children's Cruelty to Animals (pdf)

added 08/11/2008
Frank R. Ascione, Journal of Emotional Abuse, 1(1), Haworth Press (1998)

"This research study describes how abuse of pets is a method employed by batterers to control their partners, contributes to the impact on children exposed to violence, and may also be related to batterers' lethality."

Batterer Accountability: Responding to Child Maltreatment and Domestic Violence

added 11/30/2011

"This paper outlines the philosophical basis of best practice that is rooted in batterer accountability - and it outlines the consequences to children when programs are not so rooted. The paper goes on to talk about all the things advocates can do to push system change that fully integrates batterer accountability, provides excellent advocacy to victims, supports CPS collaborators and looks at alternative models for dependencies and termination of parent rights."

Beyond Observation: Considerations for Advancing Domestic Violence Practice in Supervised Visitation (pdf)

added 08/11/2008
Jay Campbell and Derrick Gordon With Ona Foster

"This paper presents considerations for expanded practice in the Supervised Visitation Grant Program and describes interventions that go beyond observation in the supervised visitation setting."

Boys will be Boys: Understanding the Impact of Child Maltreatment and Family Violence on the Sexual, Reproductive, and Parenting Behaviors of Young Men (pdf)

added 06/25/2010
Abby Kahn and Pat Paluzzi, Healthy Teen Network

A paper on the impact of physical, sexual, and psychological abuse, and exposure to family violence on the sexual, reproductive, and parenting behaviors of young men.

Bringing the Greenbook to Life: a Resource Guide for Communities (pdf)

added 08/04/2008
Ann Rosewater and Leigh Goodmark

"This guide is designed for communities seeking to develop interventions that will improve their responses to families suffering both domestic violence and child maltreatment."

Child Abuse and Domestic Violence: Creating Community Partnerships for Safe Families - Suggested Components of an Effective Child Welfare Response to Domestic Violence

added 04/30/2008
Janet Carter and Susan Schechter

November 1997. This paper is meant to serve as a working document rather than the "last word," and it will be subject to revision as child welfare and domestic violence agencies on the vanguard of creating partnerships learn more about the link between child abuse and domestic violence, and how to best protect both children and their abused mothers. While the suggested practices and policies are by no means exhaustive, it is hoped that setting them out will save agencies from having to "reinvent the wheel," and will, at the same time, motivate them to add additional "spokes."

Child Abuse and Neglect Fatalities: Statistics and Interventions (pdf)

added 04/01/2009

"This 2008 brief report presents statistical information on maltreatment-related fatalities of children including who are the victims and perpetrators and how communities often respond. "

Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention: Reports from the Field and Ideas for the Future (pdf)

added 04/01/2009
Rebecca Shaw, M. Rebecca Kilburn

"This report summarizes findings from a PPN project conducted for the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation's Child Abuse Prevention Program. The project sought to assess the current state of the child abuse and neglect prevention field as well as identify potential future directions for the field in terms of emerging priorities and prevention strategies."

Child abuse, child pornography and the internet (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
John Carr

This report seeks to determine to what extent the internet facilitates sexually abusive behavior in individuals. The report also discusses the role that child pornography can play in stimulating individuals with sexual interest in children to go on committing real life offences against children. The author concludes by proposing ways to increase protection for children using the internet and reduce the amount of child pornography being posted on the internet.

Child and Family Service Review Outcomes: Strategies to Improve Domestic Violence Responses in CFSR Program Improvement Plans (pdf)

added 11/15/2009
Shellie Taggart

"Child and Family Service Reviews (CFSRs) evaluate public child welfare systems to determine how well they achieve safety, permanency, and well-being in difficult situations of neglect, physical and sexual abuse, and co-existing domestic violence, substance abuse, mental health issues, poverty, and community violence. This guide can help stakeholders develop effective (Program Improvement Plans) PIPs for achieving safety, permanency, and well-being in domestic violence cases, and to identify or anticipate related technical assistance needs."

Child Maltreatment 2006 Report (pdf)

added 04/01/2009

"The latest Child Maltreatment annual report reports statistical data from the states on reports of maltreatment, characteristics of the children involved and their perpetrators, fatalities tied to maltreatment, and services provided to prevent maltreatment or to address the consequences of maltreatment."

Child Protection in Families Experiencing Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 12/08/2004
H. Lien Bragg, Office on Child Abuse and Neglect., Caliber Associates.

This manual provides background on this complex topic and addresses the following practice issues: The overlap between child maltreatment and domestic violence; The basics of domestic violence; Modifying child protection practice with families experiencing domestic violence; Enhancing caseworker safety and support in child protection cases involving domestic violence; and Building collaborative responses for families experiencing domestic violence. Appendices include a glossary of terms, child, victim, and alleged perpetrator domestic violence assessments, safety plans, and information about developing a memorandum of understanding.

Child Protection Information Sheets (pdf)

added 03/18/2009

"This booklet comprises 14 information sheets which highlight how child protection is crucial to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. Covering different forms of abuse, these sheets also outline how to build a protective environment for children and what UNICEF is doing on the ground to protect children."

Child Protective Services for Children of Battered Women: Practice and Controversy

added 01/04/2001
Carol Echlin and Larry Marshal for the London and Middlesex Children's Aid Society

1995. A look at the difficulties that child protection workers face when trying to make a situation safe for children who witness woman abuse.

Child Welfare Practices for Cases with Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 03/18/2004

This is the third edition of Child Welfare Practice for Cases with Domestic Violence, developed as part of an overall effort to increase the safety of adults and children through collaboration of domestic violence services and child protective services.

Child Welfare: Health & Human Services

added 04/30/2008
Office for the Prevention of Domestic Violence

This website provides a number of documents and related resources, particlarly for child welfare workers. Training resources and interventions are provided as well.

Child Witnesses to Domestic Violence - Common Questions

added 04/30/2008
The Massachusetts Coalition Against Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence

Frequently Asked Questions about child witnessing of domestic violence are answered along with information about how children are impacted, the long-term effects, and how to help.

Child-Pornography Possessors Arrested in Internet-Related Crimes: Findings From the National Juvenile Online Victimization Study (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Janis Wolak ; David Finkelhor ; Kimberly J. Mitchell

"This report presents findings from the National Juvenile Online Victimization (N-JOV) Study describing arrests and characteristics of offenses and offenders for Internet-related sex crimes committed against minors."

Childhood Experience and the Expression of Genetic Potential: What Childhood Neglect Tells Us About Nature and Nurture (pdf)

added 02/25/2009
Bruce D. Perry

"Abuse studies from the author’s laboratory, studies of children in orphanages who lacked emotional contact, and a large number of animal deprivation and enrichment studies point to the need for children and young nonhuman mammals to have both stable emotional attachments with and touch from primary adult caregivers, and spontaneous interactions with peers. If these connections are lacking, brain development both of caring behavior and cognitive capacities is damaged in a lasting fashion. The effects of the childhood environment, favorable or unfavorable, interact with all the processes of neurodevelopment."

Children and Domestic Violence

added 05/09/2007
Centre for Children and Families in the Justice System

A variety of resources are provided for professionals and for any person interested in learning more about children and domestic violence, including books and training materials.

Children and Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 05/09/2007
Steve Cohen

This document is based on a presentation done by Steve Cohen. It reviews the impact of exposure to domestic violence on children, the scope of the problem, and a variety of resources are also provided.

Children and Families Experiencing Domestic Violence: Police and Children’s Social Services’ Responses (pdf)

added 07/07/2011

This research examines both the notification process for children's exposure to violence itself and the subsequent service pathways followed by families brought to the attention of children’s social services in this way. It also explores which other agencies contribute to services for families experiencing domestic violence and captures young people’s, survivors’ and perpetrators’ views of services.

Children and Family Violence: The Unnoticed Victims

added 05/20/1996
Gabrielle M. Maxwell of New Zealand's Office of the Commissioner for Children

May 1994 report based on a New Zealand study. This document goes into detail about child exposure to domestic violence and the consequences of such witnessing.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Children Exposed to Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 03/06/2013

This December 2012 newsletter from the Center for Research & Education on Violence Against Women & Children provides clearly presented information on recent research around child exposure to domestic violence.

Children Exposed to Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
Rhode Island Kids Count

In this brief, an outline is provided that details the domestic violence problem, how it effects children by age and gender, the connection between DV and child abuse, and Rhode Islands specific efforts to combat the problem.

Children Exposed to Violence: A Handbook for Police Trainers to Increase Understanding and Improve Community Responses (pdf)

added 10/30/2003
L.L. Baker, P.G. Jaffe, S.J. Berkowitz & M. Berkman

This handbook is for domestic violence specialists and trainers in police departments. It is designed to increase the understanding of children’s exposure to domestic violence by officers responding to these situations.

Children Exposed to Violence: A Teacher's Handbook to Increase Understanding and Improve Community Responses (pdf)

added 10/30/2003
L.L. Baker, P.G. Jaffe, L.M. Ashbourne & J. Carter

This 26-page resource helps educators understand how violence affects children at different ages, what teachers may see in the classroom, teaching strategies, handling parent-attended events, and supporting students who disclose.

Children Hurt Too: How You Can Help (pdf)

added 02/09/2006
King County

This booklet contains information put together by King County in Washington, that can help parents to talk to their children about the violence, and help children to recover from their experience so they don’t become abusers or victims themselves.

Children's Domestic Violence Assessment Tool (pdf)

added 04/30/2008

"The purpose of this tool is to help assess safety, risk, strengths and needs. It may be used to assist in decision making and service planning during any stage of the CPS case (assessment through case planning and case management) in conjunction with required Structured Decision Making Tools. The tool is designed for use with the child(ren) in CPS cases involving domestic violence."

Children's Exposure to Domestic Violence in Australia (pdf)

added 07/05/2011
Kelly Richards

In this paper, current knowledge about the extent of children's exposure to domestic violence in Australia is described, along with the documented impacts that this exposure can have on children. Current legislative and policy initiatives are then described and some community-based programs that have been introduced in Australia to address the problem of children's exposure to domestic violence are highlighted.

Children's Exposure to Domestic Violence: A Guide to Research and Resources (pdf)

added 01/22/2007
Alicia Summers

Published in collaborative work with the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, this document outlines: the impace of domestic violence on children, the legal issues and system responses affecting children exposed to domestic violence, and provides useful resources which address this specific area of interest.

Children's Exposure to Violence: The Safe Start Initiative (pdf)

added 02/14/2002
Kracke, K. , U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

This April 2001 Factsheet presents an overview of the Safe Start Initiative. Researchers estimate that as many as 10 million U.S. children witness or are victims of violence in their homes or communities each year. The Safe Start Initiative, which was developed by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention in partnership with the Office of Justice Programs and the Department of Health and Human Services, is designed to prevent and reduce the impact of violence on young children and their families through the development of comprehensive and collaborative service delivery systems.

Children, Young People and Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 05/09/2007
Lesley Laing

The author explores "the ways in which children and young people experience domestic violence," as well as the impact it has on child development and the response by professionals and the child protection system is also reviewed.

Children’s Exposure to Violence: A Comprehensive National Survey (pdf)

added 10/23/2009
David Finkelhor, Heather Turner, Richard Ormrod, Sherry Hamby, and Kristen Kracke

"This Bulletin discusses the National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence that measured the past-year and lifetime exposure to violence for children age 17 and younger across several major categories: conventional crime, child maltreatment, victimization by peers and siblings, sexual victimization, witnessing and indirect victimization (including exposure to community violence and family violence), school violence and threats, and Internet victimization."

Chinese Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Chinese translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Civil and Criminal Responses to Children and Youth Who Experience Domestic Violence: A Model Policy Response for Vermont (pdf)

added 12/15/2005
Amy Fitzgerald, Jill Richard, Amy Torchia and Janine Allo

This series was created through a collaboration of the Vermont Network Against Domestic and Sexual Violence, the Vermont Department for Children and Families and the Vermont Center for Crime Victim Services. Part II of the series provides well-documented information for policy development regarding criminal and civil responses to issues impacting children exposed to domestic violence that hold batterers accountable. The paper incudes a discussion of unintended consequences of these policies, a review of several state statutes and a model response and recommendations for Vermont.

Collaborating for Family Safety: Results From the Greenbook Multisite Evaluation

added 08/04/2008
Jeffrey L. Edleson and Neena M. Malik

"This special issue of the Journal of Interpersonal Violence features results from a multisite developmental evaluation of best practices at the intersection of child maltreatment and adult domestic violence."

Conceptualizing Juvenile Prostitution as Child Maltreatment: Findings from the National Juvenile Prostitution Study (pdf)

added 08/11/2010
Kimberly J. Mitchell, David Finkelhor and Janis Wolak

"Two studies were conducted to identify the incidence (Study 1) and characteristics (Study 2) of juvenile prostitution cases known to law enforcement agencies in the United States. Findings indicate law enforcement responses to juvenile prostitution are influential in determining whether such youth are viewed as victims of commercial sexual exploitation or as delinquents."

Corporal punishment as a Stressor Among Youth (pdf)

added 11/19/2008
Heather A. Turner and David Finkelhor

"This article addresses the impact of corporal punishment by parents on the psychological well being of youth. Based on the authors' findings, the research indicates a positive association between the frequency of corporal punishment and both psychological distress and depression."

Corporal Punishment by Parents and Associated Child Behaviors and Experiences: A Meta-Analytic and Theoretical Review (pdf)

added 11/19/2008
Elizabeth Thompson Gershoff

"The author presents the results of meta-analyses of the association between parental corporal punishment and 11 child behaviors and experiences. Parental corporal punishment was associated with all child constructs, including higher levels of immediate compliance and aggression and lower levels of moral internalization and mental health. The author then presents a process– context model to explain how parental corporal punishment might cause particular child outcomes and considers alternative explanations. The article concludes by identifying 7 major remaining issues for future research."

Corporal Punishment in Adolescence and Physical Assaults on Spouses in Later Life: What Accounts for the Link? (pdf)

added 11/19/2008
MURRAY A. STRAUS AND CARRIE L. YODANIS

"Using data on 4,401 couples who participated in the National Family Violence Survey, this article reports modeling of cultural norms or other processes that could account for the link between corporal punishment and partner violence. Because corporal punishment of adolescents occurs in over half of U.S. families, the findings suggest that elimination of this practice can reduce some of the psychological and social processes that increase the likelihood of future marital violence and perhaps other violence as well."

Crafting the Greenbook: Framers Reflect on the Vision, Process, and Lessons Learned

added 08/04/2008
Colleen Janczewski, Nicole Dutch, and Kathleen Wang

"As part of the evaluation of the Greenbook initiative, the evaluation team asked the national experts who helped frame the Greenbook to reflect on the processes used and the decisions that shaped the document. In addition, the experts were asked to describe their expectations for the systems and communities that implemented the recommendations, including anticipated challenges."

Danger Zone: Battered Mothers and Their Families in Supervised Visitation (pdf)

added 10/28/2008
Tracee Parker, Kellie Rogers, Meghan Collins, and Jeffrey L. Edleson

"This paper outlines research conducted at a supervised visitation center specifically for serving families where domestic violence was the primary reason for referral. The authors have classified their experiences based on these main subjects: battered women in supervised visitation, how battering continues during supervised visitation, how the rules of the supervised visitation center evolved during the first 18 months of implementation, the importance of well-trained visit monitors, and the need to include supervised visitation centers within a larger context of coordinated community responses to domestic violence."

Defining Child Exposure to Domestic Violence as Neglect: Minnesota's Difficult Experience (pdf)

added 08/16/2011
feffrey L. Edleson, fenny Gassman-Pines, and Marissa B. Hill

The 1999 the Minnesota legislature amended the definition of child neglect to include a child's exposure to family violence. This article reconstructs how Minnesota's legislature made this change, its consequences, and the lessons that may be drawn from this experience.

Developmental Repair: A Training Manual (pdf)

added 07/16/2009
Anne Gearity, PhD, LICSW

Washburn Center for Children has recently completed a training manual on Developmental Repair – the treatment framework that has been developed and implemented in their Day Treatment Program under the clinical leadership of Anne Gearity PhD, LICSW. It is an intensive treatment model for working with young children who have experienced complex trauma and present with aggressive and disruptive symptoms.

Developmental Status and Early Intervention Service Needs of Maltreated Children (pdf)

added 01/13/2009
J. Losby et al.

"In this report, published by the Institute for Social and Economic Development, the authors analyze findings from the National Early Intervention Longitudinal Study and the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being. They provide information about the developmental status and early intervention service needs of children under age three who are substantiated for maltreatment. Topics include: 1) the extent to which maltreated children have developmental problems or are subject to factors associated with poor developmental outcomes; 2) the services maltreated children might be eligible for and ones they receive through the child welfare systems; 3) case characteristics, such as child welfare setting, that impact the effect of developmental services; and 4) existing barriers to services."

Did You Know Your Relationship Affects Your Health? (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

A tri-fold patient safety card which contains a checklist to assess safety, healthy/unhealthy relationships, and children's exposure to violence. The card also provides resources and information on how to get help.

Did You Know Your Relationship Affects Your Health? (Spanish) (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

A tri-fold patient safety card which contains a checklist to assess safety, healthy/unhealthy relationships, and children's exposure to violence. The card also provides resources and information on how to get help.

Domestic Violence Against Women and Girls (pdf)

added 09/30/2009

"UNICEF's report discusses the scope and magnitude of the problem, causes and consequences of domestic violence, the socio-economic costs of violence, strategies and interventions, and state obligations with regard to domestic violence."

Domestic Violence Against Women and Girls

added 06/11/2008
UNICEF, Innocenti Research Centre (May 2000)

"Highlights issues of abuse; femicide; forced prostitution; sexual abuse of children; sex-selective abortion, female infanticide and differential access to food and medical care; and, traditional and cultural practices that affect women's health and lives."

Domestic Violence Against Women in Albania (pdf)

added 09/30/2009

"This qualitative report examines the prevalence of domestic violence in Albania, including forms of domestic violence and complicating factors."

Domestic Violence and Child Welfare Services

added 05/09/2007
North Carolina Division of Social Services & The Family and Children's Resource Program

Statistics and links to helpful resources and information related to child welfare and domestic violence are provided in this document.

Domestic Violence and Children: A Children's Health Fund Report (pdf)

added 05/09/2007
Peter A. Sherman, MD, Division of Community Pediatrics The Children’s Hospital at Montefiore

The author discusses domestic violence as a pediatric issue highlighting the number of children exposed to domestic violence each year and the consequences of such exposure.

Domestic Violence and Children: Creating a Public Response (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Susan Schechter and Jeffrey L. Edleson

The authors of this paper address children's exposure to domestic violence as a factor in healthy development. Research findings suggest that children who witness domestic violence are often unnoticed and underserved by other agencies in the community. Principles serving as a guiding framework for policy and service are outlined, as well as recommendations for communities and governmental bodies to help children experiencing domestic violence.

Domestic Violence and Welfare Policy: Research Findings That Can Inform Policies on Marriage and Child Well-Being (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
Sharmila Lawrence

The author looks at domestic violence among women on welfare, the impact on children who are exposed to violence in the home, and methods to increase the stability of marriages.

Domestic Violence as a Form of Child Abuse: Identification and Prevention

added 04/30/2008
Marianne James

By looking at the ways child exposure to domestic violence manifests itself during the various stages of a child's life, the author documents ways to identify problems in exposed children and discusses specific intervention strategies.

Domestic violence laws in Australia (pdf)

added 11/11/2009

The report analyzes domestic violence legislation in all Australian States and Territories and in New Zealand in order to assist the Australian Government’s National Plan to Reduce Violence Against Women and their Children. The report notes gaps and overlaps between State and Territory domestic violence protection orders and the Family Law Act 1975.

Dual or Multiple Relationships: Guidelines for Rural Domestic Violence and Child Protection Collaborations (pdf)

added 12/15/2005
Ellie Breitmaier

This is part of a series that was created through a collaboration of the Vermont Network Against Domestic and Sexual Violence, the Vermont Department for Children and Families and the Vermont Center for Crime Victim Services. Part VI discusses actual and perceived conflicts of interest when service providers act in more than one role or relationship, providing recommendations on how to address these dilemmas/questions.

Effects of Domestic Violence on Children

added 05/09/2007
Binnie LeHew, Violence Prevention Coordinator

Binnie discusses the resulting behaviors and manifestations of child exposure to domestic violence, variables/demographics that impact the response, and patterns of abuse, with a focus on Iowa laws.

Effects of Domestic Violence on Children and Adolescents: An Overview

added 07/12/2004
Joseph S. Volpe, Ph.D., B.C.E.T.S.

The article examines the prevalence and domestic violence as a cause of traumatic stress in children.

Eliminating Violence against Children (pdf)

added 03/13/2009
Inter-Parliamentary Union and UNICEF

"Jointly produced by UNICEF and the Inter-Parliamentary Union, this handbook describes measures parliamentarians can take to end violence against children: they can legislate, oversee government activities, allocate financial resources and, as leaders in their nations and communities, raise awareness of issues."

Emerging issues in domestic/family violence research (pdf)

added 05/28/2010
Lorana Bartels

"This paper presents an overview of the key emerging issues in Australian domestic and family violence research in the context of gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender and intersex communities; the elderly; those with disabilities; people from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds; Indigenous communities; homelessness; the impact on children; and issues around perpetrator programs."

Emerging Responses to Children Exposed to Domestic Violence

added 07/07/2008
Jeffrey Edleson In consultation with Barbara Nissley

"This document reviews the new research, policies, and programs focused on children who have witnessed adult domestic violence. It argues that the diversity of children’s experiences requires equally diverse responses from those who serve them."

Other formats: pdf

Ending Violence Against Women

added 06/11/2008
Lori Heise, Mary Ellsberg and Megan Gottemoeller, Series L, Number 11, in Population Reports (December 1999)

"Highlights the 2 most prevalent types of abuse in the lives of women and girls around the world: intimate partner violence and rape. Demonstrates how world-wide gender-based violence is a major public health concern, suggesting strategies to respond."

Evaluation for Improvement: A Seven-step Empowerment Evaluation Approach for Violence Prevention Organizations (pdf)

added 03/27/2010

"This manual is designed to help violence prevention organizations hire an empowerment evaluator who will assist them in building their evaluation capacity through a learn-by-doing process of evaluating their own strategies. It is for state and local leaders and staff members of organizations, coalitions, government agencies, and/or partnerships working to prevent sexual violence, intimate partner violence, youth violence, suicide, and/or child maltreatment."

Evidence-Based Practices for Children Exposed to Violence: A Selection from Federal Databases (pdf)

added 06/14/2011

This document summarizes findings from federal reviews of research studies and program evaluations to help communities improve outcomes for children exposed to violence. It cites evidence-based practices that practitioners and policymakers can use to implement prevention services and activities for these children.

Fact Sheet: The Effects of Domestic Violence on Children (pdf)

added 08/11/2008
National Network to End Domestic Violence (Fall 2004)

"Addresses the impact of domestic violence on children and the likelihood that men who abuse their partners will also abuse their children. Lists statistics that reflect the most recent research concerning the effects of domestic violence on children."

Family Court Statistics: an overview of Family Court Statistics in New Zealand 2004 to 2008

added 06/08/2010

This bulletin analyzes, between 2004 and 2008, the four main areas that come under the jurisdiction of the Family Court in New Zealand, including family violence and child protection.

Family Violence: Open Directory Project

added 05/09/2007

This page is a comprehensive list of links to various organizations and websites that provide information and resources about children and domestic violence.

Farsi Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 06/30/2010

Farsi translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. It locates a range of abuses and abusers in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration.

Fourth National Incidence Study of Child Abuse and Neglect (NIS-4) (pdf)

added 03/07/2010

"The NIS is a congressionally mandated, periodic research effort to assess the incidence of child abuse and neglect in the United States. The NIS gathers information from multiple sources to estimate the number of children who are abused or neglected, providing information about the nature and severity of the maltreatment, the characteristics of the children, perpetrators, and families, and the extent of changes in the incidence or distribution of child maltreatment since the time of the last national incidence study."

Get the Facts - Domestic Violence and Children (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

Statistics and numbers are provided to give an idea of trends in the United States related to children and exposure to domestic violence.

Guidelines for Responding to the Co-occurrence of Child Maltreatment and Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 04/22/2002

The purpose of these Guidelines is to provide direction to child protection staff when responding to situations in which child maltreatment and domestic violence are both occurring.

Guiding Principles for Safe Havens: Supervised Visitation and Safe Exchange Grant Program (pdf)

added 12/13/2009

"This document was designed to guide the development and administration of Supervised Visitation Program centers with an eye toward addressing the needs of child(ren) and adult victims of domestic violence in visitation and exchange settings. The Guiding Principles look beyond the visitation setting to address how communities funded under the Supervised Visitation Program should address domestic violence in the larger community."

Healing the Invisible Wounds: Children's Exposure to Violence A Guide for Families (pdf)

added 08/14/2009

"This booklet helps parents and other caregivers understand the potential impact of exposure to violence on the development of their children, and provides practical suggestions for supporting the healing process."

Health Care Costs Associated with Violence in Pennsylvania (pdf)

added 08/11/2008
Health Services Research (August 2000)

"Reports the impact of violence in Pennsylvania including interpersonal violence (homicide, aggravated assault, rape) domestic violence (partner, child and elder abuse) and self-directed violence (suicide and attempted suicide)."

Healthy Development: A Summit on Children’s Mental Health (pdf)

added 06/14/2010

"This report was compiled from a 2009 Summit that brought together a comprehensive group of stakeholders in child and family mental health with the goal of promoting children’s mental health. The report addresses issues such as the prevalence of children’s mental health, gaps in service, current research and public perceptions of mental health, and provides recommendations."

Healthy Marriage and the Legacy of Child Maltreatment: A Child Welfare Perspective (pdf)

added 01/13/2009
Tiffany Conway and Rutledge Q. Hutson

"This brief explores how childhood experiences, specifically child maltreatment and involvement with the child welfare system, impact the potential for a healthy, lasting marriage. The author also offers recommendations for addressing the unique needs of couples in which one or both partners have experienced childhood maltreatment."

Helping Children Cope with Violence: A School-Based Program That Works (pdf)

added 10/26/2005
A RAND Corporation publication

Violence is one of our most significant public health issues. Children exposed to violence frequently develop post-traumatic stress symptoms. They are more likely to have behavioral problems, poorer school performance, more days of school absence, and feelings of depression and anxiety. School officials are often willing to provide help at school. But these professionals face an important question: What works? There have been no randomized controlled trials of intervention effectiveness with which to answer this question. To fill this gap, a team of clinician-researchers from several institutions collaborated to develop, implement, and evaluate an intervention designed to help children traumatized by violence. The team included professionals from the RAND Corporation, the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), and the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD).

Helping Children Exposed to Domestic Violence: Law Enforcement and Community Partnerships (pdf)

added 04/18/2002
Barbara E. Smith, Laura B. Nickles, Darlanne Hector Mulmat, and Heather J. Davies for the American Bar Association and Association of Governements

March 2001 report. Discusses law enforcement and community responses to children who have been exposed to domestic violence.

Helping to Prevent Child Abuse and Future Criminal Consequences: Hawaii's Healthy Start (pdf)

added 05/02/1996

Hawaii's Healthy Start program uses home visitors from the community to provide services to at-risk families and to specifically reduce family stress, improve family functioning and parenting skills, enhance child health and development, and prevent child abuse and neglect.

Helping Traumatized Children at School

added 04/16/2010
Kathleen Nader, D.S.W.

A paper that discusses school interventions for traumatized children. It provides some of the guidelines and resources for use when youth's traumas affect their ability to function at school.

Helping Traumatized Children: A Brief Overview for Caregivers (pdf)

added 04/06/2007
Bruce D. Perry

This article, designed largely with a child's caregiver in mind, addresses how to talk to children who have experienced trauma and what these experiences may have been like.

Helping Traumatized Children: Tips for Judges (pdf)

added 12/18/2009

"This fact sheet for judges and other court personnel outlines the impact of trauma on children's development, beliefs, and behaviors. It is designed to help professionals in the juvenile justice and family court system become more effective in addressing the unique needs and challenges of the traumatized children and adolescents they work with."

Helping Young Children Affected by Domestic Violence: The Role of Pediatric Health Settiings (pdf)

added 11/17/2004
Betsy McAlister Groves and Ken Fox

This paper is part of series of paper that addresses the way to mobilize community and programatic resources to provide responsive help to children and families affected both by domestic violence and poverty. This particular paper addresses importance of pediatric health care and mental health care in addressing domestic violence.

Homeless Shelters, Permanent/Supportive Housing, and Transitional Housing (pdf)

added 11/07/2012
Abigail H. Gewirtz

This issue brief offers homelessness services providers trauma-focused, evidence-based interventions that can be used to build the resilience and ensure the well-being of children and families exposed to violence.

How Are We Measuring Resilience Following Childhood Maltreatment? Is the Research Adequate and Consistent? What is the Impact on Research, Practice, and Policy? (pdf)

added 01/21/2010
Wendy A. Walsh, Jean Dawson, and Marybeth J. Mattingly

"The authors review the literature on resilience following childhood maltreatment and describe how variation in the measurement of outcomes at various developmental stages affects research findings, practice implications, and policy recommendations."

Identifying and Responding to Domestic Violence: Consensus Recommendations for Child and Adolescent Health

added 03/21/2003

The guidelines offered here provide specific recommendations for screening and responding to domestic violence in child health settings, which provide a unique and important opportunity to screen for domestic violence and to educate parents about the impact of such violence on children. These guidelines also speak to the need for child health providers to engage in, model, and take leadership in delivering effective primary prevention of domestic violence, as well as other types of family and community violence, by highlighting violence prevention during well child and other routine visits, as a component of routine anticipatory guidance.

If I'm "The Party", Where's the Cake?: The Need for Comprehensive Child-Witness Court Preparation Programs

added 01/08/2013
Joddie Walker

Court preparation is beneficial for the children required to testify in a courtroom. The purpose of a child-witness court preparation program is to assist the child witness in her or his ability to testify truthfully and effectively in a courtroom. This is important because children are required to testify about serious allegations that hold potentially significant outcomes for them or those accused. Having an unprepared child take the witness stand and offer poor testimony is not only regrettable, but preventable.

Immigration Reporting Laws: Ethical Dilemmas in Pediatric Practice (pdf)

added 09/25/2008
Paul L. Geltman, MD, MPH, and Alan F. Meyers, MD, MPH

"This study assessed the potential impact of immigration reporting requirements on pediatricians' referrals to child protective services. The study concluded that Pediatricians, as mandated reporters of child abuse, will face ethical dilemmas if laws requiring reporting of immigration status is enacted."

Implementing Evidence-Based Practice in Treatment Foster Care (pdf)

added 03/27/2009

The guide highlights valuable information, references, resources, and tools for implementing Evidence-based Practices (EBPs) in Treatment Foster Care (TFC) service settings. The Resource Guide identifies specific models, interventions, and tools that TFC providers can use to deliver effective services to the children, youth, and families in their care. It also provides “how-to” information to help TFC providers successfully implement desired EBPs in their programs.

In the Best Interest of Women and Children: A Call for Collaboration Between Child Welfare and Domestic Violence Constituencies

added 10/11/2005
Susan Schechter and Jeffrey L. Edleson, Ph.D.

This is a briefing paper prepared for a Wingspread Conference of a similar title. It discusses family violence, specifically against women and children, barriers to helping the victims, and the importance of collaboration to effect change.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Intergenerational Transmission of Partner Violence: A 20-Year Prospective Study (pdf)

added 08/20/2003
Miriam K. Ehrensaft and Patricia Cohen, Jocelyn Brown, Elizabeth Smailes, Henian Chen, and Jeffrey G. Johnson

An unselected sample of 543 children was followed over 20 years to test the independent effects of parenting, exposure to domestic violence between parents (ETDV), maltreatment, adolescent disruptive behavior disorders, and emerging adult substance abuse disorders (SUDs) on the risk of violence to and from an adult partner.

Interpersonal violence and alcohol (pdf)

added 03/27/2010

This report by the World Health Organization presents research on the relation between alcohol and violence. It suggests that alcohol is a situational determinant which increases the risk of most types of violence. Hazardous and harmful use of alcohol has also been shown to be an important consequence of experiencing or witnessing most forms of violence, but especially child maltreatment and intimate partner violence.

Intersection of Child Abuse and Children's Exposure to Domestic Violence

added 09/19/2008
Todd I. Herrenkohl, Cynthia Sousa, Emiko A. Tajima, Roy C. Herrenkohl, Carrie A. Moylan

"This review addresses research on the overlap in physical child abuse and domestic violence, the prediction of child outcomes, and resilience in children exposed to family violence."

Issue Brief: Addressing the Mental Health Impact of Violence and Trauma on Children (pdf)

added 12/12/2011

In addressing the mental health impact of violence and trauma on children, Luest looks into the question of "what is happening to our children" and responds with a well researched look into the experiences of children who are exposed to violence, their behavioral response, and how the system is currently failing them. She finishes with "next steps" for how policymakers, administration and government, communities and families can be more responsive to the needs of children.

Keeping Children Safe: OJJDP's Child Protection Division (pdf)

added 07/23/2001
Thomas Cullen, a Senior Writer-Editor with the Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse

8-page Bulletin posted by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). This Bulletin describes CPD and its efforts to safeguard children by supporting research and programs on child victimization and exposure to violence; providing information and training and technical assistance to State, local, and community-based agencies; and developing and demonstrating effective child protection initiatives. The Bulletin also discusses the rationale for OJJDP's work in the areas of missing and exploited children and child maltreatment and describes the scope of the division's activities.

Korean Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Korean translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Learning to Listen, Learning to Help: Understanding Woman Abuse and Its Effects on Children (pdf)

added 03/17/2005
Linda Baker & Alison Cunningham

A concise handbook for students and volunteers entering the helping professions, to prepare them to recognize and respond to families in which there is or was violence at home. Topics include background material on the dynamics of woman abuse, the concept of power and control, facts and figures, how to support women and help them find appropriate resources, how children are affected by violence, how children cope with violence at home, how to respond to child disclosure of abuse and neglect, standards of professional conduct, taking stock of your own attitudes, and suggestions for how you can make a difference to end violence.

Little eyes, little ears: How violence against a mother shapes children as they grow (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
Alison Cunningham & Linda Baker

This comprehensive 44 page document is divided by topics that cover facts and figures, types of abuse against women and children, ways a child can be impacted by domestic violence, myths about women and abuse, copin strategies, and responding and reporting, among others.

Making the Case for Preventing Child Abuse and Neglect: An Overview of Cost Effective Prevention Strategies (pdf)

added 04/01/2009

"This report from the FRIENDS National Resource Center for Community-Based Child Abuse Prevention provides and overview of a range of prevention strategies that have been found to have some evidence of being able to preventing child abuse and neglect. "

Mandatory Reporting of Child Abuse and Neglect: State Statutes and Professional Ethics (pdf)

added 06/03/2009
National District Attorneys Association

A comprehensive listing of state statutes on mandatory reporting of child abuse and neglect. Also included is a listing of reporting requirements and code of ethics for professionals in various fields.

Mental Health Services for Children Who Witness Domestic Violence

added 04/30/2008
Betsy McAlister Groves

This article discusses the growing body of empirical research that demonstrates that exposure to domestic violence deleteriously affects children's social, emotional, and cognitive development.

Other formats: pdf

Model Protocol for Advocates Working with Battered Women Involved in the Child Protection System

added 05/10/2005
Lupita Patterson

This protocol includes policy and practice recommendations for advocates who work with battered women involved in the child protection system.

Mothers and Children: Understanding the Links Between Woman Battering and Child Abuse

added 05/20/2000
Jeffrey L. Edleson, Ph.D.

This is a briefing paper for a strategic planning meeting on the Violence Against Women Act. "This paper focuses on an important gap in our current understandings of family violence: the link between woman battering and child abuse. It is surprising that after so many years of public attention it is only in recent years that a discussion of this link has begun to appear in the literature. At present, there is much more we need to know about the overlap between woman and child abuse."

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Multi-Agency Practice Guidelines: Handling Cases of Forced Marriage (pdf)

added 08/15/2009
United Kingdom's Forced Marriage Unit

"This report lists warning signs and appropriate actions for teachers and other school employees to take when they suspect a forced marriage of a child is imminent. The report also contains guidelines for police officers, health care professionals, and social workers, and provides general information on good practices when caring for victims of forced marriage."

National Advisory Committee on Violence Against Women, 2012 Final Report (pdf)

added 12/17/2012

The focus of this report was on learning more about solutions to protect children from the harmful consequences of experiencing and witnessing violence in the home. Developed and written by some of the leading experts in the field, this report provides recommendations for developing innovative and successful interventions with children and teens who witness or are victimized by domestic violence, dating violence and sexual assault.

National Center for Children Exposed to Violence

added 04/30/2008

It is the mission of the National Center for Children Exposed to Violence (NCCEV) to increase the capacity of individuals and communities to reduce the incidence and impact of violence on children and families; to train and support the professionals who provide intervention and treatment to children and families affected by violence; and, to increase professional and public awareness of the effects of violence on children, families, communities and society.

Not Enough: What TANF Offers Family Violence Victims (pdf)

added 03/31/2010
Timothy Casey, Jill Davies, Annika Gifford, and Anne Menard

Based on a national survey of service providers, this report is a comprehensive effort to understand when TANF successfully assists victims of family violence, and when the program falls short.

Online Victimization of Youth: Five Years Later (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Janis Wolak, Kimberly Mitchell, and David Finkelhor

"This second groundbreaking national survey of 1,500 youth aged 10 to 17 documented their use of the Internet and experiences while online including unwanted exposure to sexual solicitation, sexual material, and harassment. It was produced in cooperation with OJJDP and the University of New Hampshire’s Crimes against Children Research Center and includes recommendations to help make the Internet safer for children."

Parental Alienation Syndrome and Parental Alienation: Research Reviews (pdf)

added 06/14/2009
Joan S. Meier

This VAWnet document provides a historical and research overview of Parental Alienation Syndrome and Parental Alienation, identifies strategic issues for advocates working with victims, and offers guidelines to improve courts’ treatment of these issues.

Parenting in the Context of Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 08/06/2003
Jeffrey L. Edleson, Ph.D., Lyungai F. Mbilinyi, M.S.W., and Sudha Shetty, J.D.

This report describes children’s exposure to domestic violence, the needs of both parents and children in the context of domestic violence events, and the resources available to help them.

Patrick Stewart: the legacy of domestic violence

added 12/13/2009

In this article, the actor describes how he regularly saw his father hit his mother and how the horrors of his childhood experiences remained with him throughout his adult life.

Police in the Lives of Young Children Exposed to Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 11/17/2004
Miriam Berkman and Dean Esserman

This paper is part of series of paper that addresses the way to mobilize community and programatic resources to provide responsive help to children and families affected both by domestic violence and poverty. This particular paper explores the important roles the police officer can play in assisting children and families experiencing domestic violence.

Polyvictimization in Developmental Context (pdf)

added 01/18/2012
Finkelhor, D., Shattuck, A., Turner, H., Ormrod, R., Hamby, S.L., 2011

This article provides an analysis of data on child victimization from a large national survey using the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire. The purpose of the study was to assess the prevelence of polyvictimization (i.e., exposure to multiple forms of victimization) in youth from 4 different developmental cohorts.

Preventing violence and reducing its impact: How development agencies can help (pdf)

added 09/09/2009

This document makes the case for increased attention on the impact of violence on development by international development agencies. A key aim is to stimulate dialogue on the role of international development agencies in the prevention of violence globally, and ultimately to increase investment in a commonly agreed set of applied violence prevention strategies. The primary audience for this document is policy-makers, high-level planners, and others in the international development field.

Problems Associated with Children's Witnessing of Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 10/11/2005
Jeffrey L. Edleson, Ph.D. for VAWnet

This document discusses children's problems associated with witnessing violence and the factors that influence the degree of those problems. The author also offers a critique of the research methods used to study child witnessing of violence and explores the policy implications of the data on this issue.

Prosecutors, Kids, and Domestic Violence Cases (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
Debra Whitcomb

"This article describes some of the issues prosecutors should be aware of when they handle domestic violence cases involving children, especially in light of recent legislation aiming to protect children."

Prostitution of Children and Child-Sex Tourism: An Analysis of Domestic and International Responses (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Eva J. Klain, JD, of the American Bar Association Center on Children and the Law

"This paper addresses both domestic and international responses to the prostitution of children within the United States and abroad. The author highlights policy and practice issues regarding the legal system and social-service responses to prostituted children."

Protecting Children from Exposure to Domestic Violence: The Use and Abuse of Child Maltreatment Statutes

added 05/09/2007
Lois A. Weithorn, J.D., Ph.D.

This 145 page article is a comprehensive review and critical discussion about the laws and child protection responses that have shown to be effective.

Protecting Children in Cyberspace: The ICAC Task Force Program (pdf)

added 04/22/2002
Medaris,M., and Girouard, C.

January 2002 Bulletin. Discusses efforts by OJJDP's Internet Crimes Against Children (ICAC) Task Force Program that address emerging online threats, such as computer-facilitated sex crimes, directed at children and teenagers. The ICAC Task Force Program helps State and local law enforcement agencies develop effective responses to online enticement and child pornography offenses. Responses include investigative, forensic, community education, and victim service components. The information in this OJJDP Bulletin is intended to help parents, policymakers, and practitioners create an Internet environment in which children can participate safely.

Psychological Abuse: A Discussion Paper (pdf)

added 05/27/2009
Deborah Doherty and Dorothy Berglund

"This paper is a review of research on psychological abuse in interpersonal and family relationships including in settings such as long-term care residences.The paper presents research findings on the personal, economic and health related costs of psychological abuse to the individual and to society, and briefly outlines legal recourses for victims. It concludes by exploring ways to recognize and address psychological abuse, while emphasizing the importance of developing holistic approaches "

Realizing the Promise of Home Visitation: Addressing Domestic Violence and Child Maltreatment (pdf)

added 03/07/2010

"This guide is intended to help policy makers and advocates build a strong national policy framework to maximize the effectiveness and reach of early childhood home visiting programs. It is intended to ensure that federal home visiting policies directly address: the needs of mothers and children who are experiencing or at risk of experiencing domestic violence, the link between domestic violence and child abuse and neglect, and the impact of domestic violence on the health and well-being of children and families."

Reflections from the Field: Considerations for Domestic Violence Specialists (pdf)

added 08/04/2008
Shellie Taggart and Lauren Litton

"Domestic violence and child protection professionals from multiple states came together to discuss the complexity of systems-change work and the continued need for a social justice framework to guide these efforts. This document is a compilation of their stories and insights as people who have worked as or supported domestic violence specialists dedicated to helping families experiencing the co-occurrence of domestic violence and child maltreatment."

Relationship of Childhood Abuse and Household Dysfunction to Many of the Leading Causes of Death in Adults: The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study (pdf)

added 08/23/2011
Vincent J. Felitti, et al.

This article seeks to gain more of an understanding of the relationship between health risk behavior and disease in adulthood and the breadth of exposure to childhood emotional, physical, or sexual abuse, and household dysfunction during childhood. They conclude that a strong relationship does exist and that adverse childhood exposure can lead to multiple risk factors for several of the leading causes of death in adults.

Report of the Attorney General’s National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence (pdf)

added 12/12/2012

The task force report includes 56 recommendations and highlights the importance of identifying children who are victims or witnesses of violence and providing support and services to help them heal. It focuses on developing programs to help children access supportive and non-violent relationships with trusted adults in their homes and communities. The task force also calls for all children who enter the juvenile justice system to be screened for exposure to violence.

Research Indicating that the Majority of Cases that go to Court as "High Conflict" Contested Custody Cases Have a History of Domestic Violence

added 01/07/2009
Compiled by Professor Joan S. Meier, Esq.

This document, comprised of research from many leading experts in the field of domestic violence, lays out the case that the majority of high conflict child custody disputes have a history of domestic violence.

Research Summary: Children Exposed to Violence

added 09/07/2012
Victoria Youcha

A short summary of research on child exposure to violence from the National Center for Infants, Toddlers and Families. Also includes a summary of the benefits of early intervention in the lives of children who have experienced or witnessed violence.

Responding to childhood trauma: The promise and practice of trauma informed care (pdf)

added 04/02/2012
Gordon R. Hodas MD

This paper provides an in-depth examination of how trauma affects child development. It hopes to increase appreciation of the relevance of trauma in understanding children and in planning to meet their needs. Focus is given to risk and protective factors, the psychological effects of trauma, the main tenets of trauma informed care, and strengths-based approaches that promote resilience.

Responding to the Co-occurrence of Child Maltreatment and Adult Domestic Violence in Hennepin County

added 10/26/2005
Jeffrey L. Edleson, Ph.D. Sandra K. Beeman, Ph.D.M, University of Minnesota

In this report, Drs. Edleson and Beeman and their research assistants detail information collected from a variety of sources during the first half of 1999. Information collection included detailed reporting by child protection screeners and investigators in the Hennepin County Department of Children and Family Services (HCDCFS), consulting with national experts in this area, reviewing published materials on prominent demonstration projects from around the United States and Canada, and holding a series of stakeholder meetings throughout Hennepin County.

Other formats: word

Safe & Together

added 05/27/2009
David Mandel & Associates, LLC

A blog developed by David Mandel & Associates, LLC in which they will be exploring the ideas underpinning the Safe and Together model. The model provides a practical and concrete approach to improving the response of child welfare to the risk and safety concerns presented by batterers. They will be providing practical tips and ideas for policy and practice. All are welcome to participate in the discussion.

Safe From the Start: Taking Action on Children Exposed to Violence

added 01/17/2001

This article, conceived from the National Summit on Children Exposed to Violence, presents an action plan that outlines principles for preventing and reducing the negative impact of children's exposure to violence.

Safe Start Center

added 10/22/2010

The Safe Start Center is a website compiling research, resources, service delivery strategies and more for The Safe Start Initiative which is funded by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. The goal of the Safe Start Initiative is to broaden the knowledge of and promote community investment in evidence-based strategies for reducing the impact of children's exposure to violence.

Safe Start Promising Approaches Communities: Working Together to Help Children Exposed to Violence (pdf)

added 11/04/2009

Launched by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention(OJJDP) and its Federal partners in the Department of Justice and the Department of Health and Human Services, the initiative is designed as a national framework which seeks to address the needs of children exposed to violence. This booklet describes each of the 15 Safe Start Promising Approaches communities and outlines how these programs are integrating evidence-based or promising practices as well as other complementary interventions within their geographical, agency, and community contexts.

Security Begins at Home (pdf)

added 02/25/2009

The Kosova Women’s Network released the country’s first study on domestic violence, called Security Begins at Home. The report highlights key points such as: what the citizens of Kosovo perceive as domestic violence, the forms and consequences of domestic violence, citizens' response to ending it, and the legal and institutional gaps in addressing it.

Sharwline Nicholson v. Nicholas Scoppetta - Appeals Decision

added 04/30/2008

This document outlines the Appeals decision regarding the case of Nicholson (filed as a class action in federal court in 2001). This history of this decision is based on the class action lawsuit in which battered mothers and their children in New York City successfully challenged the City child welfare agency's practice and policy of removing children from battered mothers and charging the mothers with child neglect due to domestic violence. The federal court ruled that the practice is unconstitutional under federal law. The case went up on appeal.

Shattered Hearts: The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of American Indian Women and Girls in Minnesota (pdf)

added 10/18/2009

A groundbreaking report released by the Minnesota Indian Women’s Resource Center (MIWRC) highlights the alarming and pervasive sex trafficking of American Indian women and girls in Minnesota. The first comprehensive report of its kind, it highlights risk factors for victims that include poverty, a disproportionate number of American Indian homeless, high incidences of overall sexual assault, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and pervasive multi-generational trauma.

Should Childhood Exposure to Adult Domestic Violence Be Defined as Child Maltreatment Under the Law?

added 10/11/2005

Published as a chapter in Protecting Children From Domestic Violence: Strategies for Community Intervention (2004), this article reviews the research on childhood exposure to domestic violence and emerging laws aimed at protecting these children. The author concludes with an argument against assuming that childhood exposure to violence is automatically a form of child maltreatment and suggests the need to modify child protection services and the expansion of primarily voluntary community-based responses to these children and their families.

Other formats: word

Silent Realities: Supporting Young Children and Their Families Who Experience Violence (pdf)

added 12/10/2004
Elena Cohen and Barbara Walthall

This guide describes the effects of trauma on young children and suggests strategies for helping victims and witnesses of community and domestic violence to heal. Based on concepts presented by experts attending an institute held during a National Head Start Association training conference in April 2000, the discussion emphasizes the importance of encouraging children and adults to express their fears.

Social Worker's Practice Guide to Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 07/06/2010

A guide created by the Department of Social and Health Services, for social workers working with domestic violence issues in the state of Washington. Includes information on how social workers should work with victims and perpetrators, child assessment of exposure to violence, as well as legal and policy issues in the state.

Supervised Visitation: Information for Mothers Who Have Been Abused (pdf)

added 07/25/2007

"This Guide should be given directly to mothers who have experienced abuse and whose children are in supervised visitation programs. It will tell mothers basic information about how supervised visitation programs work and how she can prepare herself and her children for the experience. If she is afraid of her children’s father or was abused by him, then the information in this Guide will be particularly helpful to her."

Supporting Battered Mothers Protects Children: Reducing the Effects of Domestic Violence on Children (pdf)

added 05/03/2011

This report was created in response to a request from the Chairman of the Missouri Children’s Services Commission, Representative Jeff Grisamore. It contains the latest research on the prevalence of child exposure to domestic violence and best practices in addressing this violence. The report also includes recommendations on how the state of Missouri can better meet the needs of children and mothers experiencing violence.

Tackling Domestic Violence: Providing Support for Children Who Have Witnessed Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
Audrey Mullender

"This report provides good practice recommendations and suggestions for a range of practitioners and professionals who have a role in commissioning, developing, or delivering initiatives to support children who have in the past or are currently witenssing domestic violence."

Tagalog Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Tagalog translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Team Decisionmaking and Domestic Violence: An Advanced Training for TDM Facilitators and Child Protection Supervisors (pdf)

added 03/31/2010

"This free advanced domestic violence curriculum outlines safely preparing for and managing effective meetings, engaging parents around domestic violence issues, assessing the impact of children’s exposure to domestic violence, and making decisions and plans to increase safety for children and battered mothers."

Technology Safety & Advocacy Special Collection

added 03/03/2010

This special collection includes a categorized and annotated listing of selected articles, fact sheets, papers, reports and other materials regarding the use of technology as it impacts and intersects with violence against women and children. It is offered as an additional tool to assist advocates working on and interested in the safe use of technology.

The Canadian Child Welfare Response to Cases of Exposure to Domestic Violence: Analysis of the 2003 Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
Tara Black, Nico Trocme, Barbara Fallon, and Bruce MacLaurin

This is a Canadian study, the objective of which was to examine the child welfare system’s response to child maltreatment investigations substantiated for exposure to domestic violence (EDV). The study is based on a secondary analysis of data collected in the 2003 Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect.

The Canadian Child Welfare Response to Cases of Exposure to Domestic Violence: Analysis of the 2003 Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (Cis-2003)

added 04/30/2008
Tara Black, Nico Trocme, Barbara Fallon, and Bruce MacLaurin

This document displays the results of a comparative overview of the child welfare response within Canadian boundaries to child exposure to domestic violence. Implications for policy are discussed.

The Effects of Childhood Stress on Health Across the Lifespan

added 06/11/2008
Jennifer S. Middlebrooks, MSW, MPH and Natalie C. Audage, MPH for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (2008)

"This document summarizes the available research on childhood stress and its long-term consequences. Of particular interest is the stress caused by child abuse, neglect, and repeated exposure to intimate partner violence."

The Epidemiology of Trauma and Trauma-Related Disorders in Children and Youth (pdf)

added 01/13/2009
John A. Fairbank, PhD

"This publication reviews general population studies, disaster research, child maltreatment studies, and special population studies that report the prevalence of PTSD in children, adolescents, and young adults. It includes a brief discussion of the cumulative adverse effects of traumatic stress experienced from infancy through adolescence."

THE EXPOSURE OF YOUTH TO UNWANTED SEXUAL MATERIAL ON THE INTERNET A National Survey of Risk, Impact, and Prevention (pdf)

added 01/07/2009
KIMBERLY J. MITCHELL, DAVID FINKELHOR, JANIS WOLAK

"This national survey of youth, ages 10 to 17, and their caretakers has several implications for the current debate about young people and Internet pornography. Twenty five percent of youth had unwanted exposure to sexual pictures on the Internet in the past year, challenging the prevalent assumption that the problem is primarily about young people motivated to actively seek out pornography. Most youth had no negative reactions to their unwanted exposure, but one quarter said they were very or extremely upset, suggesting a priority need for more research on and interventions directed toward such negative effects. The authors urge that social scientific research be undertaken to inform this highly contentious public policy controversy."

The Facts on Health Care & Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 08/11/2008

"Statistics on domestic violence incidents highlighting health consequences to the victim, children's health issues, hospital and other health service costs, identification and screening practices in health care settings, and domestic violence during and after pregnancy."

The Greenbook Initiative Final Evaluation Report (pdf)

added 07/02/2008
The Greenbook National Evaluation Team

"The Greenbook national evaluation results are presented in three reports. The Greenbook Demonstration Initiative: Process Evaluation Report: Phase 1 focused on the planning and goal setting phase of the Greenbook initiative in the sites. This final evaluation report assesses the extent to which the Greenbook implementation activities facilitated cross-system and within system change and practice in the child welfare agencies, dependency courts, and domestic violence service providers."

The Impact of Conflict on Women and Girls in West and Central Africa and the UNICEF response (pdf)

added 03/13/2009

"This first-of-its-kind study by UNICEF on the situation of war-affected girls and women in the region highlights innovative programmes being implemented with partners to address the impact of conflict, and recommends how UNICEF can more proactively champion the rights of girls - particularly adolescent girls."

The Normalization of Sexual Harm and the Sexualization of Children (pdf)

added 10/19/2011
Minnesota Department of Health

Information about the detrimental effects that our cultures sexual media is having on our young people. Child sexualization and the normalization of sexual violence are the two main topics covered.

The prevalence of child abuse and neglect

added 05/28/2010
Rhys Price-Robertson, Leah Bromfield and Suzanne Vassallo

"A resource sheet that summarizes the current knowledge about the prevalence of child abuse and neglect in Australia. It provides an overview of Australian studies that have estimated the prevalence of the different forms of child maltreatment."

The Relationship Between Domestic Violence and Child Abuse (pdf)

added 08/11/2008
Prevent Child Abuse America (September 1996)

"Cites surveys and reports published between 1987 and 1996, briefly describing: what is domestic violence; what is child abuse; how does domestic violence affect children; and similarities/correlations between domestic violence and/or child abuse."

The Role of Educators in Preventing and Responding to Child Abuse and Neglect (pdf)

added 02/01/2005
Cynthia Crosson-Tower

This manual, designed to examine the roles that teachers, school counselors, school social workers, school nurses, special education professionals, administrators, and other school personnel have in helping maltreated children, provides the basis for the involvement of educators in combating the problem of child abuse and neglect. It also may be used by other professionals involved in child abuse and neglect interventions, such as child protective services, mental health, law enforcement, health care, and early childhood professionals, to gain a better understanding of the role of educators in child protection.

The Safe Start Center Series on Children Exposed to Violence: Pediatric Care Settings (pdf)

added 11/04/2009
Betsy McAlister Groves, LICSW, and Marilyn Augustyn, MD

This issue brief translates emerging research and program practice into action steps for practitioners in pediatric care settings to design and implement programs that meet the needs of children who are exposed to violence.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Manual on the preparation, filing and processing of applications pursuant to the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA). Also includes detailed information on Special Immigrant Juvenile Status for Children Under Juvenile Court Jurisdiction, and U and T Non-Immigrant Visas (Victims of Crime and Trafficking). A good resource for advocates and legal professionals working with these victims.
This document takes some time to download, especially with a slow connection.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 1-100 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 101-200 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 301-380 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

Trauma Informed Care Resources for Children Exposed to Violence

added 05/12/2011

Exposure to violence at home, in the form of child abuse and neglect, or in the community, whether at school or in the neighborhood, can affect young people in profound ways. This resource provides information on children's exposure to violence for parents and other caregivers, as well as for teachers and other agencies and staff who may work with these youth. Information includes warning signs of exposure to violence and what you can do to intervene.

Trauma-Informed Care for Children Exposed to Violence: Tips for Domestic Violence and Homeless Shelters (pdf)

added 11/07/2012
Safe Start Center

Families living in domestic violence or homeless shelters are more likely to be exposed to violence and other traumatic stressors. Each child and situation is different, but exposure to these traumatic stressors—including violence—can overwhelm children at any age and lead to problems in their daily lives. This tip sheet includes warning signs of exposure to violence as well as what staff can do, including referrals and support.

Trauma-Informed Care for Children Exposed to Violence:Tips for Parents and Other Caregivers (pdf)

added 10/18/2011
the Safe Start Center

Fact sheet like break down of warning signs that a child has been exposed to violence depending on age, and what you can do to help.

Trends in Youth Internet Victimization: Findings From Three Youth Internet Safety Surveys 2000 –2010 (pdf)

added 11/14/2012

The purpose of this research was to explore the trends in youth reports of unwanted online sexual solicitation, harassment, and exposure to pornography over time. The study was based on three separate cross-sectional national telephone surveys of approximately 1,500 youth Internet users, aged 10 through 17 years. Data were collected in 2000, 2005, and 2010. Trends are showing that unwanted sexual solicitations and unwanted exposure to pornography are decreasing for youth.

UN study on Violence Against Children

added 03/13/2009

"A press release on a new effort to provide a detailed global picture of the nature, extent and causes of violence against children, and propose clear recommendations for action to prevent and reduce such violence. The study focuses on violence against children in five settings: the home and family, schools and educational settings, other institutional settings (orphanages, children in conflict with the law), the community and on the streets, and work situations. "

Understanding Children’s Exposure to Violence (pdf)

added 11/04/2009
Elena Cohen, Betsy McAlister Groves, and Kristen Kracke

The Safe Start Center has developed a series of briefs on Children Exposed to Violence. The briefs are developed to respond to an urgent need to translate research-based information and disseminate it to practitioners who can use it in their work with children and families in different settings. This particular brief describes core concepts—gleaned from research and program practice—used in designing and implementing programs that address children’s exposure to violence.

Understanding the Current Mental Health Needs of Children Experiencing Domestic Violence in Vermont: Recommendations for Enhancing and Improving Responses (pdf)

added 12/15/2005
Kathleen J. Moroz, Ellie Breitmaier and Amy Torchia

This is currently the final publication in the series created through a collaboration of the Vermont Network Against Domestic and Sexual Violence, the Vermont Department for Children and Families and the Vermont Center for Crime Victim Services. Part VII reports on findings from a study investigating the number of children/youth in Vermont exposed to domestic violence, the effects of this exposure on their social/emotional development and mental health, services provided by domestic violence network and mental health programs, perceived barriers to providing these services, the training needs of service providers in Vermont and both strengths and gaps in the continuum of services for these children/youth.

Vermont's Model Protocol: Law Enforcement Response to Children at the Scene of a Domestic Violence Incident (pdf)

added 03/12/2010
The Vermont Network Against Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault, Vermont Social and Rehabilitative Services, and Vermont Criminal Justice Training Council

"The intent of this protocol is to assist law enforcement officers in their response to children at the scene of domestic violence incidents. In addition, the protocol outlines an effective response which includes: assessing whether children have been physically harmed, minimizing the impact and repercussions to children who are present, empowering children as much as possible in the process, maintaining victim safety, and maintaining batterer accountability."

Vietnamese Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 06/29/2010

Vietnamese translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence.

Violence in the Lives of Children (pdf)

added 04/01/2009
Brett V. Brown, Ph.D, and Sharon Bzostek, Child Trends

"This data brief from Child Trends reviews data on the types of violence experienced by U.S. children, including exposure to violence through media to abuse by parents and peers. Differences by age, gender, and race/ethnicity are discussed along with priorities for filling gaps in the data that is available on this topic."

Vision for services for children and young people affected by domestic violence (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
LGA, ADSS, Women's Aid, and CAFCASS

Vision for services for children and young people affected by domestic violence offers a pathway for services for children experiencing domestic violence. This guidance offers a template which directors of children's services, cabinet members with lead responsibility for children and their local safeguarding children's boards, working with domestic violence partnerships can use to incorporate the needs of children experiencing domestic violence in planning children's services.

Viva Voce: A National Newsletter About Child Victims and Witnesses (pdf)

added 01/04/2001

Winter 1999 newsletter. A review of the impact that child testifying in court has on children in included.

What About Me? Coping with the abduction of a brother or sister (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

"This booklet is based largely on input from eight children who have experienced the abduction of a brother or sister by a nonfamily member. It is designed to provide help, support, and guidance to children who are going through this type of trauma. "

What About Me? Seeking to Understand the Child's View of Violence in the Family (pdf)

added 09/21/2004
Alison Cunningham and Linda Baker

This study was funded by the National Crime Prevention Strategy in Ottawa. It involves an exhaustive review of the literature on child exposure to domestic violence (almost 400 sources) integrated with extensive clinical experience to create a revolutionary new framework for understanding, studying and intervening with children who have lived with woman abuse. Case studies illustrate key points and child drawings bring to life the experience of violence through young eyes.

Other formats: html

What Is Trauma and Why Is It Important? (pdf)

added 04/07/2010

This is the first issue in a series focusing on trauma and child welfare systems. This issue defines trauma and describes its significance. Successive issues will highlight childhood trauma in the context of culture and identify ways in which child welfare systems can best respond to children.

When Battered Women Stay... Advocacy Beyond Leaving

added 06/18/2008
Jill Davies

"This paper raises the key issues, questions, and dilemmas regarding advocacy with battered women who stay in their relationships. It discusses the limitations of safety strategies for leaving, and frames the issues central to the expansion of advocacy beyond leaving, including: 1) safety planning and advocacy with victims who stay; 2) ending violent and controlling behavior; and 3) knowing what children need to be OK."

When Children Experience Domestic Violence: Expert Opinion

added 04/30/2008
National Coalition for Child Protection Reform

This document includes a summary of a ruling made by a New York Judge to stop removing children from battered women because children of such women are exposed to domestic violence.

Widening Our Lens (pdf)

added 06/25/2010

"This brochure presents a comprehensive strategy to address the impact of child maltreatment, interpersonal, and family violence on youth."

Witnessing Domestic Violence: The Effect on Children

added 04/30/2008
Melissa M. Stiles, M.D.

The author discusses the conequences of child exposure to domestic violence across various ages, as well as prevention and screening techniques. Community advocacy is emphasized.

Witnessing Violence Fact Sheet

added 04/30/2008
Joanne Davis, Ph.D. & Ernestine Briggs, Ph.D

The authors discuss the types of violence that children witness, prevlance rates, correlates, and future directions for research.

Working with Children Towards a Healthy & Non-Violent Future

added 06/11/2008

"This Special Collection provides a unique perspective on working with children (younger than 13 years of age), focusing on theories and strategies for raising respectful, non-violent people. Resources included here discuss child development and how to utilize this knowledge when implementing primary prevention strategies that foster healthy attitudes and behaviors"

Working with Young Children and Their Families: Recommendations for Domestic Violence Agencies and Batterer Intervention Programs (pdf)

added 11/17/2004
Abigail Gewirtz and Resma Menakem

This paper is part of series of papers that addresses the way to mobilize community and programatic resources to provide responsive help to children and families affected both by domestic violence and poverty. This particular paper addresses the way to offer support and safety for children while maintaining safety, autonomy and choide for battered women.

Young Children Living with Domestic Violence: The Role of Early Childhood Programs (pdf)

added 11/17/2004
Elena Cohen and Jane Knitzer

This paper is part of series of paper that addresses the way to mobilize community and programatic resources to provide responsive help to children and families affected both by domestic violence and poverty. This particular paper highlights the rold of early childhood programs in supporting staff, community and state programs on behalf of the children and families affected by domestic violence.

Young Children's Exposure to Adult Domestic Violence: Toward a Developmental Risk and Resilience Framework for Research and Intervention (pdf)

added 11/17/2004
Abigail Gewirtz and Jeffrey L. Edleson

This paper is part of series of paper that addresses the way to mobilize community and programatic resources to provide responsive help to children and families affected both by domestic violence and poverty. This particular paper addresses impacts of adult domestic violence to young children through developmental risk and resiliency.