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A Struggle for Justice: Incest Victims in Pakistan (pdf)

added 01/30/2012
Equality Now, WAR Lahore, Nasreen Welfare Trust Legal Aid Services

This report highlights the difficulties women and girls are faced with in accessing justice in cases of sexual violence, particularly incest. Included in this report are a survey of incest cases in Pakistan, a summary of published legal opinions in incest cases, identification of obstacles to justice and a compilation of good practice examples from other countries that have addressed similar obstacles. The authors hope this report will be used as a guide towards making the Pakistani judicial system more supportive of future victims which will have a deterrent effect on perpetrators.

Abuse of Children by Priests in the Boston Archdiocese: Violations of Applicable Standards of Care

added 09/19/2006

This article outlines the history of child abuse by priests in a local diocese and outlines the consequences/outcomes from several fundamental cases. Ethical considerations and standards of care are also addressed.

Boys will be Boys: Understanding the Impact of Child Maltreatment and Family Violence on the Sexual, Reproductive, and Parenting Behaviors of Young Men (pdf)

added 06/25/2010
Abby Kahn and Pat Paluzzi, Healthy Teen Network

A paper on the impact of physical, sexual, and psychological abuse, and exposure to family violence on the sexual, reproductive, and parenting behaviors of young men.

Case by case: news coverage of child sexual abuse

added 02/02/2012
Dorfmann, Lori ; Mejia, Pamela ; Cheyne, Andrew ; Gonzalez, Priscilla .

To understand how child sexual abuse is covered in the media, the researchers selected a representative sample of U.S. news over a span of three years, then coded the content in detail. Results on the content, language, how the act was characterized, who's voices are presented, etc. are all presented. The conclusion includes recommendations for advocates and reporters.

Child abuse, child pornography and the internet (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
John Carr

This report seeks to determine to what extent the internet facilitates sexually abusive behavior in individuals. The report also discusses the role that child pornography can play in stimulating individuals with sexual interest in children to go on committing real life offences against children. The author concludes by proposing ways to increase protection for children using the internet and reduce the amount of child pornography being posted on the internet.

Child Abuse: Statistics, Research, and Resources

added 01/19/2000
Jim Hopper, Ph.D. at the Boston University School of Medicine

Gives historical contexts, sources of statistics, and statistical tools. Also includes official statistics on child abuse for the United States, Canada, Australia, and England. Discusses the prevalance of the sexual abuse of boys and the effects of child abuse, and gives resources for parents and caregivers.

Child and Family Service Review Outcomes: Strategies to Improve Domestic Violence Responses in CFSR Program Improvement Plans (pdf)

added 11/15/2009
Shellie Taggart

"Child and Family Service Reviews (CFSRs) evaluate public child welfare systems to determine how well they achieve safety, permanency, and well-being in difficult situations of neglect, physical and sexual abuse, and co-existing domestic violence, substance abuse, mental health issues, poverty, and community violence. This guide can help stakeholders develop effective (Program Improvement Plans) PIPs for achieving safety, permanency, and well-being in domestic violence cases, and to identify or anticipate related technical assistance needs."

Child Pornography: Findings From the National Incident-Based Reporting System (pdf)

added 01/17/2005
Finkelhor, D., Ormrod, R.

This document presents findings from the FBI’s National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS). By collecting data on pornography/obscene material offenses from law enforcement jurisdictions, NIBRS enables researchers to draw conclusions about the number, locations, and characteristics of these crimes. NIBRS data suggest that approximately 2,900 crime incidents of pornography with juvenile involvement were known to state and local police in 2000; these offenses most often were committed by a lone adult male offender, occurred in a residence, and did not involve a computer. Currently, NIBRS data represent about 14 percent of the population. As more jurisdictions support uniform reporting of accurate data to NIBRS and as its codes become more refined, NIBRS will become even more useful in identifying and tracking trends in child pornography.

Child Protection Information Sheets (pdf)

added 03/18/2009

"This booklet comprises 14 information sheets which highlight how child protection is crucial to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. Covering different forms of abuse, these sheets also outline how to build a protective environment for children and what UNICEF is doing on the ground to protect children."

Child sexual abuse and subsequent offending and victimization: A 45 year follow-up study

added 09/19/2012
James RP Ogloff, Margaret C Cutajar, Emily Mann and Paul Mullen

This study investigates whether a disproportionate number of Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) victims subsequently perpetrate offences and experience future victimisation compared with people who have not been sexually abused. In a sample of 2,759 CSA victims who were abused between 1964 and 1995, it was found CSA victims were almost five times more likely than the general population to be charged with any offence than their non-abused counterparts, with strongest associations found for sexual and violent offences. This research highlights the need for therapeutic interventions targeted at adolescent male CSA victims, particularly with regard to offender treatment programs, where many programs currently do not allow for exploration of offenders’ own sexual victimisation.

Child Sexual Abuse and Subsequent Psychopathology: Results From the National Comorbidity Survey (pdf)

added 08/19/2008
Beth E. Molnar, ScD, Stephen L. Buka, ScD, and Ronald C. Kessler, PhD

"This study examines the relationship between child sexual abuse (CSA) and subsequent onset of psychiatric disorders, accounting for other childhood adversities, CSA type, and chronicity of the abuse."

Child Sexual Abuse Explained (for concerned parents)

added 08/13/2010

Full overview of the aspects of child sexual abuse including rape, molestation, child pornography. Describes the preferential and situational offender and who they target. Available online or in print in English, Irish, German, French, Spanish, Portuguese and Hebrew. Free: Name and address info@abusewatch.net

Child Sexual Abuse: Coping with the Emotional Stress of the Legal System (pdf)

added 08/03/2009

This professionally designed fact sheet for parents and caregivers of child sexual abuse survivors provides a unique perspective on coping with the emotional stresses of the legal system, and was created by legal, mental health, and medical professionals for NCTSN's website. It helps explain the different purposes of civil and criminal child sexual abuse cases. It also identifies common fears and coping solutions, and takes the family step by step through before, during and after a child sexual abuse case goes to court.

Child Sexual Abuse: Child Survivors, Mothers, and Perpetrators Tell Their Stories (pdf)

added 01/14/2009
Jane Gilgun, Ph.D., LICSW and Alankaar Sharma, MSW

This book is full of hard-to-find information about child sexual abuse and is based on interviews with children, mothers, and perpetrators. Through these interviews, questions many people have surrounding this issue are answered. This book reveals how our culture gangs up on child victims to the benefit of perpetrators.

Child Trafficking for Sexual Purposes Report (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

End Child Prostitution, Child Pornography and Trafficking of Children for Sexual Purposes (ECPAT International) released a report in November 2008 on the global problem of child sex trafficking. The report sums up progress countries have made since passing laws to combat child sex trafficking. Finally, the report highlights key lessons learned and discusses six recommendations to improve strategies and policies.

Child-Pornography Possessors Arrested in Internet-Related Crimes: Findings From the National Juvenile Online Victimization Study (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Janis Wolak ; David Finkelhor ; Kimberly J. Mitchell

"This report presents findings from the National Juvenile Online Victimization (N-JOV) Study describing arrests and characteristics of offenses and offenders for Internet-related sex crimes committed against minors."

Childhood Sex Abuse Increases Risk for Drug Dependence in Adult Women

added 07/31/2008
Patrick Zickler, The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) (April 2002)

"The article briefly discusses the data results gathered from interviews of women revealing that those who experienced any type of sexual abuse in their childhood were roughly three times more likely than unabused girls to report drug dependence as adults."

Children with Sexual Behavior Problems: Common Misconceptions vs. Current Findings (pdf)

added 07/07/2008

"This fact sheet provides information about children who demonstrate developmentally inappropriate or aggressive sexual behavior. It addresses some common myths about this population and provides findings from research on the issue."

Children’s and Adolescents’ Participation and Protection from Sexual Abuse and Exploitation (pdf)

added 06/08/2010
Clare Feinstein and Claire O’Kane

"A paper reviewing government commitments to strengthen participation by children and adolescents to protect them from sexual abuse and exploitation. The paper provides recommendations for further research, policy development, and programming to support advocacy and practice with and by children and adolescents. "

Chinese Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Chinese translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Conceptualizing Juvenile Prostitution as Child Maltreatment: Findings from the National Juvenile Prostitution Study (pdf)

added 08/11/2010
Kimberly J. Mitchell, David Finkelhor and Janis Wolak

"Two studies were conducted to identify the incidence (Study 1) and characteristics (Study 2) of juvenile prostitution cases known to law enforcement agencies in the United States. Findings indicate law enforcement responses to juvenile prostitution are influential in determining whether such youth are viewed as victims of commercial sexual exploitation or as delinquents."

Culturally Competent Service Provision to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Survivors of Sexual Violence (pdf)

added 10/02/2009
Sabrina Gentlewarrior with contributions from Kim Fountain

"This Applied Research paper provides a review of the research focusing on LGBT survivors of sexual trauma and offers recommendations for culturally competent service provision to LGBT clients."

Do Children Sexually Abuse Other Children? (pdf)

added 11/30/2005

This is a piece of education material intended for all audiences that overviews childhood sexual abuse and the high incidence rates of children under the age of 18 years that are perpetrators.

Domestic Violence Against Women and Girls

added 06/11/2008
UNICEF, Innocenti Research Centre (May 2000)

"Highlights issues of abuse; femicide; forced prostitution; sexual abuse of children; sex-selective abortion, female infanticide and differential access to food and medical care; and, traditional and cultural practices that affect women's health and lives."

Don't Turn Your Back On Girls: Sexual Violence Against Girls In Haiti (pdf)

added 02/25/2009

A comprehensive report on sexual violence against girls in Haiti released by Amnesty International in late November of 2008. Over half of the 105 rapes reported in Haiti by the end of November were committed against girls under the age of 18, according to one of the few organizations in the country which collect rape statistics. The report includes findings on rape as a political weapon, the role of discrimination and poverty, and the state’s response.

Eliminating Violence against Children (pdf)

added 03/13/2009
Inter-Parliamentary Union and UNICEF

"Jointly produced by UNICEF and the Inter-Parliamentary Union, this handbook describes measures parliamentarians can take to end violence against children: they can legislate, oversee government activities, allocate financial resources and, as leaders in their nations and communities, raise awareness of issues."

Ending Violence Against Women

added 06/11/2008
Lori Heise, Mary Ellsberg and Megan Gottemoeller, Series L, Number 11, in Population Reports (December 1999)

"Highlights the 2 most prevalent types of abuse in the lives of women and girls around the world: intimate partner violence and rape. Demonstrates how world-wide gender-based violence is a major public health concern, suggesting strategies to respond."

Ethnic Identity and Exposure to Maltreatment in Childhood: Evidence from a New Zealand Birth Cohort

added 12/05/2011
Dannette Marie, David M Fergusson & Joseph M. Boden

"The present study examined the associations between ethnic identity and exposure to childhood maltreatment among a longitudinal birth cohort of individuals born in Christchurch in 1977. Participants of Maori ethnicity reported higher rates of exposure to physical punishment and inter-parental violence, but did not report higher rates of exposure to sexual abuse."

Evaluating Children’s Advocacy Centers’ Response to Child Sexual Abuse (pdf)

added 09/12/2008
Theodore P. Cross, Lisa M. Jones, Wendy A. Walsh, Monique Simone, David J. Kolko, Joyce Szczepanski, Tonya Lippert, Karen Davison, Arthur Cryns, Polly Sosnowski, Amy Shadoin, and Suzanne Magnuson

"With funding from OJJDP, researchers have now completed a four-site evaluation of CACs that, for the first time, contrasts them with comparison communities that did not have a CAC. This Bulletin presents an overview of the results. It examines how CACs affect forensic interviewing, child victim disclosures about abuse, children’s receipt of medical exams and mental health services, prosecution and conviction of offenders, removal of children from their homes, and family satisfaction with child abuse investigations."

Evaluation for Improvement: A Seven-step Empowerment Evaluation Approach for Violence Prevention Organizations (pdf)

added 03/27/2010

"This manual is designed to help violence prevention organizations hire an empowerment evaluator who will assist them in building their evaluation capacity through a learn-by-doing process of evaluating their own strategies. It is for state and local leaders and staff members of organizations, coalitions, government agencies, and/or partnerships working to prevent sexual violence, intimate partner violence, youth violence, suicide, and/or child maltreatment."

Farsi Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 06/30/2010

Farsi translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. It locates a range of abuses and abusers in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration.

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: A statistical exploration

added 06/11/2008
The United Nations Children's Fund (November 2005)

"This publication analyzes available statistics on female genital mutilation/cutting, with the aim of improving understanding of related issues in the wider context of gender equality and social change."

Girls Count: A Global Investment & Action Agenda (pdf)

added 04/07/2010
Ruth Levine, Cynthia Lloyd, Margaret Greene, and Caren Grown, Center for Global Development

"This report describes why and how to initiate effective investments that will give adolescent girls in developing countries a full and equal chance for rewarding lives and livelihoods."

Handbook on Sensitive Practice for Health Care Practitioners: Lessons from Adult Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse

added 09/22/2004
Candice Schachter, Carol Stalker, Eli Teram, Gerri C. Lasiuk, Alanna Danilkewich

This handbook is designed to help health professionals address the health care needs of adult female survivors of childhood sexual abuse. It provides background information about childhood sexual abuse and its effects on survivors. It also introduces the principles of sensitive practice and provides practical suggestions that health professionals can incorporate into their clinical practice.

Human Trafficking of Children in the United States: A Fact Sheet for Schools (pdf)

added 12/05/2007
U.S. Department of Education

"This fact sheet was developed for those working in school settings and provides an overview of human trafficking, how it affects schools, tips for identifying victims, and steps for reporting human trafficking."

Internet sex crimes against minors: The response of law enforcement (pdf)

added 11/14/2012

As Internet use has become widespread, questions have emerged about how often sexual offenders are using the Internet to commit crimes involving child sexual exploitation and child pornography. The National Juvenile Online Victimization (N-JOV) Study was a national research study to systematically collect data about the number and characteristics of arrests for Internet sex crimes against minors. This bulletin is the first publication of findings from the N-JOV Study. It discusses arrest estimates and gives an overview of the types of crimes, characteristics of offenders, and how the criminal-justice system is handling Internet sex crimes against minors.

Internet-initiated Sex Crimes against Minors: Implications for Prevention Based on Findings from a National Study (pdf)

added 11/08/2012

The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics of episodes in which juveniles became victims of sex crimes committed by people they met through the Internet.

Intimate or Childhood Sexual Abuse and Obesity in Kentucky

added 11/04/2008
Ann L. Coker, PhD, MPH; Corrine Williams, ScD; James E. Ferguson, II, MD; Heather M. Bush, PhD; Yasmin Parrish; Leslie Crofford, MD

This study concluded that sexual abuse, whether experienced as an adult or child, was associated with a 32% increase in obesity among 4,391 women in Kentucky. The study also found that intimate partner violence and obesity are common health threats for women. The authors suggest that efforts to prevent physical and sexual abuse and mental health consequences of abuse on victims can have implications to improve women's health.

Juveniles Who Commit Sex Offenses Against Minors (pdf)

added 12/11/2009
David Finkelhor, Richard Ormrod, and Mark Chaffin

"This bulletin presents population-based epidemiological information about the characteristics of juvenile offenders who commit sex offenses against minors. The authors analyzed data from the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) and provided topical statistics highlighting the fact that juveniles account for more than one-third (35.6 percent) of this type of offender. Findings may support the development of research-based interventions and policies to reduce sexual assault and child molestation as perpetrated by juvenile offenders."

Korean Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Korean translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Law enforcement challenges in Internet child pornography crimes (pdf)

added 11/14/2012
Melissa Wells, David Finkelhor, Janis Wolak, and Kimberly Mitchell

This analysis examines challenges related to identifying offenders in 34 internet child pornography possession and distribution investigations in which law enforcement agents did not make an arrest.
Scroll to the second page of the report for the start of the article.

Let's Talk: Adults Talking to Adults about Child Sexual Abuse (pdf)

added 11/30/2005

This brochure was primarily designed for adults who are concerned about the possible presence of child sexual abuse within their community. Stop It Now! believes that learning how to talk about your concerns can help protect a child in your life and this guide gives you the tools to speak about your concern.

Little Children Are Sacred: Exploring Accountability to Australia's Aboriginal Children

added 07/13/2010

This collection explores accountability to aboriginal children in the Northern Territory of Australia through a critical analysis of government action (and inaction) - presented generally as its follow-up to recommendations in the Little Children are Sacred report of 2007 - and a review of the community-based response to the government interventions.

Mothers of Sexually Abused Children: Trauma and Repair in Longitudinal Perspective

added 09/18/2006

This study addressed the increase in maternal psychological stress that develops following the disclosure of their child's sexual abuse. A mother's stress is often correlated and associated with the child's coping skills and level of stress, thus it is extremely important to work with mother on relieving/alleviating their stress so as to in turn work the child at healing from their sexual trauma.

Moving Upstream: Virginia’s Newsletter for the Primary Prevention of Sexual & Intimate Partner Violence (pdf)

added 05/14/2008
Virginia Sexual and Domestic Violence Action Alliance (VSDVAA)

"The theme of this issue is "Revisiting Healthy Sexuality and Sexual Violence Prevention". The feature article profiles two programs using a healthy sexuality approach, and also reports on key policy and practice developments that have come to light since the original healthy sexuality articles were published in 2005. There is also an article examining how one local Virginia agency implemented the Care For Kids child sexual abuse prevention program in their community. "

No One to Turn To: The Under-Reporting of Child Sexual Exploitation and Abuse by Aid Workers and Peacekeepers (pdf)

added 09/21/2010

No One to Turn To seeks to move the debate on and reinvigorate efforts to address the problem of the under-reporting of child sexual exploitation and abuse by aid workers and peacekeepers. Based on research with communities and international organizations, it examines the chronic under-reporting of abuse and the inadequate response to it. It provides new analysis on why this abuse persists despite international efforts to stop it, and proposes new solutions to tackle it.
Also available in French

Online Victimization of Youth: Five Years Later (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Janis Wolak, Kimberly Mitchell, and David Finkelhor

"This second groundbreaking national survey of 1,500 youth aged 10 to 17 documented their use of the Internet and experiences while online including unwanted exposure to sexual solicitation, sexual material, and harassment. It was produced in cooperation with OJJDP and the University of New Hampshire’s Crimes against Children Research Center and includes recommendations to help make the Internet safer for children."

Overview of the Portable Guides to Investigating Child Abuse: Update 2000 (pdf)

added 03/27/2000
Janet McNaughton

This 10-page Bulletin is available from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). It covers the recognition of injuries caused by abuse, techniques for collecting evidence and for interviewing victims and witnesses, formation of multidisciplinary investigative teams, and the use of computers in the sexual victimization of children.

Polyvictimization in Developmental Context (pdf)

added 01/18/2012
Finkelhor, D., Shattuck, A., Turner, H., Ormrod, R., Hamby, S.L., 2011

This article provides an analysis of data on child victimization from a large national survey using the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire. The purpose of the study was to assess the prevelence of polyvictimization (i.e., exposure to multiple forms of victimization) in youth from 4 different developmental cohorts.

Preliminary Adaptations for Working with Traumatized Latino/Hispanic Children and Their Families (pdf)

added 11/30/2010

The Culture and Trauma Briefs series serves to support the NCTSN commitment to raising the standard of care for traumatized children, their families, and their communities by highlighting the diversity of needs and experiences of those children, families, and communities.
This report was developed through information gathered via a preliminary focus group of bilingual/bicultural therapists at a children's hospital in California to address the needs of diverse Latino populations seeking care.

Prevent Child Sexual Abuse: Facts About Abuse and Those Who Might Commit It (pdf)

added 04/12/2006

A booklet that provides information about people who may commit child sexual abuse. Additional facts regarding what to look for in children who may have been abused and the need to develop a safety plan are included.
The link should take you to a page where you will first have to fill out a request form, and then can access the report.

Preventing Child Sexual Abuse Online Resource Collection

added 11/23/2011

This well organized collection from the National Sexual Violence Resource Center (NSVRC) provides information and tools for caretakers, organizations and communities assuming the responsibility of preventing child sexual abuse. Information and resource links for headings such as, "Sexuality and child development", "What you can do", and "Shifting cultural norms".

Profiting from abuse: An investigation into the sexual exploitation of children (pdf)

added 07/07/2008

"Highlights ways children are sexually exploited around the world, factors contributing to this exploitation, and responses various states, communities, organizations, and individuals have taken to respond to/prevent/decrease child sexual exploitation."

Prostitution of Children and Child-Sex Tourism: An Analysis of Domestic and International Responses (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Eva J. Klain, JD, of the American Bar Association Center on Children and the Law

"This paper addresses both domestic and international responses to the prostitution of children within the United States and abroad. The author highlights policy and practice issues regarding the legal system and social-service responses to prostituted children."

Protecting Children from Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Violence in Disaster and Emergency Situations (pdf)

added 04/07/2010

This document provides local and community-based organizations with strategies for preventing the sexual exploitation and trafficking of children during natural disasters and other emergencies.

Protecting Children in Cyberspace: The ICAC Task Force Program (pdf)

added 04/22/2002
Medaris,M., and Girouard, C.

January 2002 Bulletin. Discusses efforts by OJJDP's Internet Crimes Against Children (ICAC) Task Force Program that address emerging online threats, such as computer-facilitated sex crimes, directed at children and teenagers. The ICAC Task Force Program helps State and local law enforcement agencies develop effective responses to online enticement and child pornography offenses. Responses include investigative, forensic, community education, and victim service components. The information in this OJJDP Bulletin is intended to help parents, policymakers, and practitioners create an Internet environment in which children can participate safely.

Relationship of Childhood Abuse and Household Dysfunction to Many of the Leading Causes of Death in Adults: The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study (pdf)

added 08/23/2011
Vincent J. Felitti, et al.

This article seeks to gain more of an understanding of the relationship between health risk behavior and disease in adulthood and the breadth of exposure to childhood emotional, physical, or sexual abuse, and household dysfunction during childhood. They conclude that a strong relationship does exist and that adverse childhood exposure can lead to multiple risk factors for several of the leading causes of death in adults.

Report on Research on Rape and Violence (pdf)

added 05/14/2008
California Coalition Against Sexual Assault

"This report is a compendium of research on issues related to rape, sexual assault, and violence. While efforts have been made to include research from as many sources as possible, it is inevitable that other valuable sources of research may contain information no included in this report."

Reporting on Child Sexual Abuse

added 03/04/2013
National Center for Victims of Crime (NCVC)

This web resource for journalists and reporters includes a guide to terminology, contextual information, related statistics, criminal and civil justice procedures and reporting do’s and don’ts. Navigation through this information is located in the left side bar under the heading, "Reporting on Child Sexual Abuse"

Safe Start Promising Approaches Communities: Working Together to Help Children Exposed to Violence (pdf)

added 11/04/2009

Launched by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention(OJJDP) and its Federal partners in the Department of Justice and the Department of Health and Human Services, the initiative is designed as a national framework which seeks to address the needs of children exposed to violence. This booklet describes each of the 15 Safe Start Promising Approaches communities and outlines how these programs are integrating evidence-based or promising practices as well as other complementary interventions within their geographical, agency, and community contexts.

Second Comprehensive Study of Missing Children (pdf)

added 04/25/2000
Louise Hanson

A 6-page Bulletin posted by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). The design of the National Incidence Studies of Missing, Abducted, Runaway, and Thrownaway Children (NISMART 2) study is described in this Bulletin, which outlines how it will provide vital data on the incidence of missing children in seven categories: runaway/thrownaway, nonfamily abduction, family abduction, custodial interference, lost and involuntarily missing, missing due to injury, missing due to false alarm situations, as well as children who have been sexually assaulted.

Sexual Assault of Young Children as Reported to Law Enforcement: Victim, Incident, and Offender Characteristics (pdf)

added 05/22/2003
Howard N. Snyder, Ph.D., National Center for Juvenile Justice

Presents findings from the National Incident-Based Reporting System regarding sexual assault, especially young children.

Sexual Intercourse Among Adolescents Maltreated Before Age 12: A Prospective Investigation (pdf)

added 11/01/2009
Maureen M. Black, PhD, Sarah E. Oberlander, PhD, Terri Lewis, PhD, Elizabeth D. Knight, MSW, Adam J. Zolotor, MD, MPH, Alan J. Litrownik, PhD, Richard Thompson, PhD, Howard Dubowitz, MS, MD, Diana E. English, PhD

"This study found that maltreatment (regardless of type) predicts sexual intercourse by 14 and 16. Emotional distress explains the relationship by 14. By 16, other factors likely contribute to intercourse. Maltreated children are at risk for early initiation of sexual intercourse and sexually active adolescents should be evaluated for possible maltreatment."

Sexual Safety in Sports: Talking about Coaches Who Show Inappropriate Interest in Kids (pdf)

added 12/02/2011
Yvonne Cournoyer for Stop It Now!

This article offers concrete information on what parents can do and talk about with children to keep them safe from sexual harm.

Sexual Violence Research Agenda (pdf)

added 06/08/2009

"The Sexual Violence Research Initiative recently published the Sexual Violence Research Agenda. The publication recognizes eight key focus areas for research: nature, prevalence, social context and risk factors associated with sexual violence; appropriateness and effectiveness of sexual violence services; sexual violence prevention; sexual violence and restorative justice; sexual violence in conflict and emergency settings; child sexual abuse; human trafficking for sexual exploitation; and female genital cutting."

Sexually Assaulted Children - National Estimates and Characteristics (pdf)

added 01/13/2009
David Finkelhor, Heather Hammer, and Andrea J. Sedlak

"This bulletin provides information on the estimated number and characteristics of children who were sexually assaulted in the United States in 1999, based on interviews with victims and their families. It also presents statistical profiles of these children, including their demographic characteristics, according to the Second National Incidence Studies of Missing, Abducted, Runaway, and Thrownaway Children (NISMART-2.)"

Shattered Hearts: The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of American Indian Women and Girls in Minnesota (pdf)

added 10/18/2009

A groundbreaking report released by the Minnesota Indian Women’s Resource Center (MIWRC) highlights the alarming and pervasive sex trafficking of American Indian women and girls in Minnesota. The first comprehensive report of its kind, it highlights risk factors for victims that include poverty, a disproportionate number of American Indian homeless, high incidences of overall sexual assault, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and pervasive multi-generational trauma.

Sibling sexual abuse (pdf)

added 10/25/2012

This Research Summary into sibling sexual abuse will review the current literature on definitions, impacts, barriers to disclosure and legal issues in order to highlight this often hidden form of sexual abuse. The review will also explore the literature on implications for therapeutic interventions—particularly the shift in thinking about sibling sexual assault and the abusive sibling from a punitive response to a much more therapeutic response.

Other formats: html

South Asia in Action: Preventing and responding to child trafficking - Analysis of anti-trafficking initiatives in the region (pdf)

added 06/08/2010

"This publication presents a regional analysis of anti-trafficking measures relevant to children in the countries of South Asia. It assesses national legal and policy frameworks and provides a list of recommended actions for the application of a rights-based approach to child trafficking."

Statistics Surrounding Child Sexual Abuse

added 06/11/2008
Darkness to Light

"This one-pager presents statistics surrounding the issue of child sexual abuse."

Status of Girls in Minnesota

added 05/25/2010
Women’s Foundation of Minnesota and the Institute for Women’s Policy Research

"This 2008 report provides detailed information on the status of girls in Minnesota. It also serves as a tool for advocates, researchers, and policy makers in developing a set of interventions that will ensure girls’ economic, social, and political equality in the state. "

Stopping the Violence Against Women: The Movement from Intervention to Prevention (pdf)

added 04/06/2007

This safety program report outlines the history of gender violence within the U.S. and offers suggestions for how to move beyond this problem towards prevention. Strategies for moving forward and a sample program are addressed.

Tagalog Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Tagalog translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

The Decline in Child Sexual Abuse Cases (pdf)

added 05/22/2003
Lisa Jones and David Finkelhor

This document presents evidence about the decline in reported and substantiated child sexual abuse cases since the early 1990’s. Several explanations for the decline are considered, and corresponding policy implications are discussed.

The evaluation of sexual abuse in children

added 11/30/2005
Kellogg, N

Sexually abused children are seen by pediatricians and family care practitioners in a variety of circumstances, but the diagnosis of sexual abuse and the protection of the child from additional harm depend in part on the provider's willingness to consider abuse as a possibility. Sexually abused children who have not disclosed abuse may present with a variety of symptoms and signs. Released by the National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC), the Evaluation of Sexual Abuse in Children was developed by the American Academy of Pediatrics to assist pediatric and family care providers in effectively evaluating and caring for children who are sexually abused.

The Four R's of Prevention: Back to School Safety In & Out of the Classroom by Stop It Now!

added 12/05/2007
Stop It Now!

"This article offers a review for adults of the Four R's of preventing child sexual abuse - Rules, Reading, Respect, and Responsibility - and offers tips on each one."

The Health Impacts on Adult Women of Childhood Sexual Violence Before the Age of Twelve Years

added 07/13/1999
Karen Hughes, Heather Stephens, Amy Difranco, Linda Manning, Natalie van der Torrn, Cathy North & Miriam Taylor

This is a 1998 report by seven authors of Ipswich, Queensland, Australia. The authors describe the health consequences in adulthood that often emerge as a consequence of childhood sexual violence. High rates of depression and dissociation resulted, as well as a low rate of school completion. The experiences of women when they sought help are described.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

The Impact of Conflict on Women and Girls in West and Central Africa and the UNICEF response (pdf)

added 03/13/2009

"This first-of-its-kind study by UNICEF on the situation of war-affected girls and women in the region highlights innovative programmes being implemented with partners to address the impact of conflict, and recommends how UNICEF can more proactively champion the rights of girls - particularly adolescent girls."

The Internet and Family and Acquaintance Sexual Abuse (pdf)

added 11/14/2012
Kimberly J. Mitchell, David Finkelhor, and Janis Wolak

This article explores the dynamics of cases involving family and acquaintance sexual offenders who used the Internet to commit sex crimes against minors. Data were collected from a national sample of law enforcement agencies about arrests for Internet-related sex crimes against minors.

The National Plan to Prevent the Sexual Exploitation of Children (pdf)

added 04/02/2012
The National Coalition to Prevent Child Sexual Exploitation

This document addresses the need for a comprehensive prevention plan for ending child sexual abuse that engages individuals, organizations, businesses and policymakers nationwide. This most recent update to the report pays special attention to primary prevention and positive youth development.

The National Report on Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking: America’s Prostituted Children (pdf)

added 10/02/2009

The report reveals findings of three years of intensive research on the issue of child sex trafficking in America from ten locations across the U.S. The study found that at least 100,000 children are used in prostitution every year in the United States and that the average age of entry into prostitution is 13 years old.

The Normalization of Sexual Harm and the Sexualization of Children (pdf)

added 10/19/2011
Minnesota Department of Health

Information about the detrimental effects that our cultures sexual media is having on our young people. Child sexualization and the normalization of sexual violence are the two main topics covered.

The prevalence of child abuse and neglect

added 05/28/2010
Rhys Price-Robertson, Leah Bromfield and Suzanne Vassallo

"A resource sheet that summarizes the current knowledge about the prevalence of child abuse and neglect in Australia. It provides an overview of Australian studies that have estimated the prevalence of the different forms of child maltreatment."

The Psychological Maltreatment of Children -Technical Report (2002)

added 01/07/2009
Steven W. Kairys, MD, MPH, Charles F. Johnson, MD and Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect (PEDIATRICS Vol. 109 No. 4)

"Psychological maltreatment is a common consequence of physical and sexual abuse but also may occur as a distinct entity. Until recently, there has been controversy regarding the definition and consequences of psychological maltreatment. Sufficient research and consensus now exist about the incidence, definition, risk factors, and consequences of psychological maltreatment."

The Traumatic Impact of Child Sexual Abuse: A Conceptualization (pdf)

added 08/19/2008
David Finkelhor, Ph.D., and Angela Browne, Ph.D.

"In this paper a framework is proposed for a more systematic understanding of the effects of child sexual abuse. Four traumagenic dynamics – traumatic sexualization, betrayal, stigmatization, and powerlessness – are identified as the core of the psychological injury inflicted by abuse. These dynamics can be used to make assessments of victimized children and to anticipate problems to which these children may be vulnerable subsequently. Implications for research are also considered."

Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation (pdf)

added 07/31/2008
Pan-American Health Organization (July 2001)

"This fact sheet provides a brief overview of sex trafficking of women and children in the Americas and explores the life-threatening health consequences of this type of human trafficking."

Trafficking in Persons Report 2009 (pdf)

added 06/23/2009

"The ninth annual report seeks to increase global awareness of the human trafficking phenomenon by shedding new light on various facets of the problem and highlighting shared and individual efforts of the international community, and to encourage foreign governments to take effective action against all forms of trafficking in persons."

Trafficking in Persons Report 2010 (pdf)

added 02/01/2011
US Department of State

"The 10th annual Trafficking in Persons Report outlines the continuing challenges across the globe, including in the United States. This year’s report highlights several key trends, including the suffering of women and children in involuntary domestic servitude, the challenges and successes in identifying and protecting victims, and the need to include anti-trafficking policies in our response to natural disasters."

Transforming Communities to Prevent Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation: A Primary Prevention Approach (pdf)

added 09/25/2009

"This policy brief presents the distilled research and critical thinking of a diverse group of local and national experts in the field of child sexual abuse and exploitation. Via candid dialog and interviews, these leaders developed and prioritized primary prevention strategies, analyzed environmental factors and norms that perpetuate these problems, and outlined policies and practices for transforming our communities and our nation during these turbulent political and economic times."

Trauma Informed Care Resources for Children Exposed to Violence

added 05/12/2011

Exposure to violence at home, in the form of child abuse and neglect, or in the community, whether at school or in the neighborhood, can affect young people in profound ways. This resource provides information on children's exposure to violence for parents and other caregivers, as well as for teachers and other agencies and staff who may work with these youth. Information includes warning signs of exposure to violence and what you can do to intervene.

Trends in Youth Internet Victimization: Findings From Three Youth Internet Safety Surveys 2000 –2010 (pdf)

added 11/14/2012

The purpose of this research was to explore the trends in youth reports of unwanted online sexual solicitation, harassment, and exposure to pornography over time. The study was based on three separate cross-sectional national telephone surveys of approximately 1,500 youth Internet users, aged 10 through 17 years. Data were collected in 2000, 2005, and 2010. Trends are showing that unwanted sexual solicitations and unwanted exposure to pornography are decreasing for youth.

UN study on Violence Against Children

added 03/13/2009

"A press release on a new effort to provide a detailed global picture of the nature, extent and causes of violence against children, and propose clear recommendations for action to prevent and reduce such violence. The study focuses on violence against children in five settings: the home and family, schools and educational settings, other institutional settings (orphanages, children in conflict with the law), the community and on the streets, and work situations. "

Understanding and Protecting Your Children from Child Molesters and Predators

added 06/11/2008
Cory Jewell Jensen and Steve Jensen for Oprah.com (2002)

"This packet provides information about child molesters and some of the things you, your family and community can do to help keep children safe."

Understanding Child Maltreatment, Fact Sheet 2012

added 02/06/2013

From the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Division of Violence Prevention, this fact sheet provides a basic overview of child maltreatment. It is intended for the general public.

Understanding child sexual abuse definitions and rates (pdf)

added 08/31/2012

There is hopeful evidence that rates of child sexual abuse, as well as other forms of child maltreatment, are declining. However, there is equally concerning evidence that the actual rates of child sexual abuse may not be fully known because of significant barriers victims and community leaders face in reporting crimes. The following talking points provide information on definitions and rates of child sexual abuse.

Other formats: html

Understanding National Rape Statistics (pdf)

added 10/02/2009
Dean Kilpatrick and Jenna McCauley with contributions from Grace Mattern

"This Applied Research paper provides an overview of how estimates of sexual violence in the United States are produced, with particular emphasis on major sources of rape statistics at the national level."

Utilization of Questioning Techniques in Forensic Child Sexual Abuse Interviews (pdf)

added 04/12/2011
Monit Cheung, PhD, University of Houston

This report answers the question: What questioning techniques suggested in the child sexual abuse literature are being used in practice? Sixty-two randomly selected videos of child sexual abuse interviews are reviewed to answer this question.

Violence Against Girls in Conflict with the Law

added 07/21/2009

This article documents the particular vulnerability to sexual abuse and rape of girls who come into contact with police and juvenile justice systems in various countries.

Violence Against Women and Girls: A Compendium of Monitoring and Evaluation Indicators (pdf)

added 04/30/2010
Shelah S. Bloom

"This compendium offers a set of monitoring and evaluation indicators for program managers, organizations, and policy makers working to address violence against women and girls at individual, community, district and national levels in developing countries."

Violence Against Women: Classic Papers

added 08/21/2009
Raquel Kennedy Bergen, Jeffrey L. Edleson and Claire M. Renzetti

The purpose of this project was to assemble some of the classic works in the field of violence against women so that new generations of students, practitioners, and researchers would have a collective understanding of the work that has shaped the field. Included are commentaries from the original authors, when available, reflecting on why they authored the work when they did and the influence of their work on the field.

Women and Health: Today’s Evidence, Tomorrow’s Agenda (pdf)

added 04/30/2010

"This report reviews evidence on the health issues that particularly affect girls and women throughout their life course. This report uses currently available data to draw attention to the consequences and costs of failing to address health issues at appropriate points in their lives."

Workers in the Shadows: Abuse and Exploitation of Child Domestic Workers in Indonesia (pdf)

added 10/02/2009

"This report documents how hundreds of thousands of girls in Indonesia, some as young as 11, are employed as domestic workers in other people’s households, performing tasks such as cooking, cleaning, laundry, and child care. Most girls interviewed for the report worked 14 to 18 hours a day, seven days a week, with no day off. Almost all are grossly underpaid, and some get no salary at all. In the worst cases, girls reported being physically, psychologically, and sexually abused."