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Child Abuse—Prevalence/Research—articles

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Building Academic Capacity and Expertise in the Health Effects of Violence and Abuse (pdf)

added 07/17/2008
Mitchell C, Block R, Christensen M, Ettinger, B, Ismailji T, Kelley S, McCollum D, Mouton C.

This report was created from the Proceedings from a Pre-Conference Symposium at the Family Violence Prevention Fund which offers a blueprint on advancing professional health education from a perspective on the health effects on violence and abuse.

15 Years of the United Nations Rapporteur on Violence against Women, Its Causes and Consequences (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

This report reviews the status of violence against women as researched in 14 annual reports, 32 country mission reports, and 11 communication reports published as recently as December 2008. The report focuses on reproductive health and rights, poverty, migration, internally displaced persons (IDPs), women refugees, trafficking, aging, and adolescent girls. It also highlights how the mandate on violence against women has changed, what has been learned, and problems still to be addressed.

A League Table of Child Maltreatment Deaths in Rich Nations (pdf)

added 11/06/2003

This report represents the first ever attempt to draw a comparative picture of the physical abuse of children in the 27 richest nations of the world. UNICEF research estimates that almost 3,500 children under the age of 15 die from physical abuse and neglect every year in the industrialized world.

Addressing Gender-based Violence: UNFPA Strategy and Framework for Action (pdf)

added 03/11/2009

This report, grounded in UNFPA's overarching goal of eliminating violence against women and girls, identifies particular areas where action is most urgently needed and proposes general policy frameworks for combating gender-based violence.

American Indians and Crime (pdf)

added 07/07/2008
Lawrence Greenfield and Steven Smith, U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics

"Reports rates and characteristics of violent crimes experienced by Native Americans and summarizes data on Native Americans in the criminal justice system."

Battered Women's Reports of Their Partner's and Children's Cruelty to Animals (pdf)

added 08/11/2008
Frank R. Ascione, Journal of Emotional Abuse, 1(1), Haworth Press (1998)

"This research study describes how abuse of pets is a method employed by batterers to control their partners, contributes to the impact on children exposed to violence, and may also be related to batterers' lethality."

Boys will be Boys: Understanding the Impact of Child Maltreatment and Family Violence on the Sexual, Reproductive, and Parenting Behaviors of Young Men (pdf)

added 06/25/2010
Abby Kahn and Pat Paluzzi, Healthy Teen Network

A paper on the impact of physical, sexual, and psychological abuse, and exposure to family violence on the sexual, reproductive, and parenting behaviors of young men.

Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect: 2003 (pdf)

added 10/04/2005
Public Health Agency of Canada

This report presents the major findings of the second cycle of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (CIS-2003). In this initiative, data are collected every five years on child maltreatment reported to, and investigated by, child welfare agencies in Canada.

Child Abuse and Neglect Fatalities: Statistics and Interventions (pdf)

added 04/01/2009

"This 2008 brief report presents statistical information on maltreatment-related fatalities of children including who are the victims and perpetrators and how communities often respond. "

Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention: Reports from the Field and Ideas for the Future (pdf)

added 04/01/2009
Rebecca Shaw, M. Rebecca Kilburn

"This report summarizes findings from a PPN project conducted for the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation's Child Abuse Prevention Program. The project sought to assess the current state of the child abuse and neglect prevention field as well as identify potential future directions for the field in terms of emerging priorities and prevention strategies."

Child Abuse Incidence and Reporting by Hospitals: Significance of Severity, Class, and Race

added 09/18/2006

The study summarizes the data collected from a study that measured the variation in treatment and child protection cases reported by hospital workers. Findings suggested that race, the income and living situation of the family, alleged offender responsible for the child abuse, as well as the degree and type of abuse that occurred were all factors that dictated whether or not a hospital filed a report with child protection on behalf of the child's safety.

Child Abuse Reported to the Police (pdf)

added 05/22/2003
David Finkelhor and Richard Ormrod

Describes how data from the National Incident-Based Reporting System can be used to depict police experience with child abuse.

Child Abuse: Statistics, Research, and Resources

added 01/19/2000
Jim Hopper, Ph.D. at the Boston University School of Medicine

Gives historical contexts, sources of statistics, and statistical tools. Also includes official statistics on child abuse for the United States, Canada, Australia, and England. Discusses the prevalance of the sexual abuse of boys and the effects of child abuse, and gives resources for parents and caregivers.

Child Abuse: The Current Theory Base and Future Research Needs

added 09/18/2006

This study briefly summarizes the literature findings on the effects and theories behind child abuse and then addresses implications for the future.

Child Custody and Visitation Decisions in Domestic Violence Cases: Legal Trends, Risk Factors, and Safety Concerns (Revised 2007) (pdf)

added 08/11/2008
Daniel G. Saunders in consultation with Karen Oehme (Revised October 2007)

"Describes major legal and social trends surrounding custody and visitation decisions and the social science evidence supporting the need to consider domestic violence. Recommendations for custody and visitation decisions are explored."

Other formats: html

Child Exposure to Trauma: Comparative Effectiveness of Interventions Addressing Maltreatment

added 04/25/2013
RTI International–University of North Carolina Evidence-based Practice Center

The objectives of this review article are as follows: "(1) To assess the comparative effectiveness of interventions(psychosocial and/or pharmacological) for children age 0 to 14 exposed to maltreatment in addressing child wellbeing outcomes (mental and behavioral health; caregiver-child relationship; cognitive, language, and physical development; school-based functioning) and child welfare outcomes (safety, placement stability, and permanency); (2) To assess the comparative effectiveness of interventions (a) with different treatment characteristics, (b) for child and caregiver subgroups, and (c) for engaging and retaining children and/or caregivers in treatment; and (3) To assess harms associated with interventions for this population."

Child Maltreatment 2006 Report (pdf)

added 04/01/2009

"The latest Child Maltreatment annual report reports statistical data from the states on reports of maltreatment, characteristics of the children involved and their perpetrators, fatalities tied to maltreatment, and services provided to prevent maltreatment or to address the consequences of maltreatment."

Child Maltreatment 2011

added 01/07/2013
Children's Bureau

This report presents national data about child abuse and neglect known to child protective services agencies in the United States during federal fiscal year 2011.

Child Protection Information Sheets (pdf)

added 03/18/2009

"This booklet comprises 14 information sheets which highlight how child protection is crucial to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. Covering different forms of abuse, these sheets also outline how to build a protective environment for children and what UNICEF is doing on the ground to protect children."

Child Sexual Abuse and Subsequent Psychopathology: Results From the National Comorbidity Survey (pdf)

added 08/19/2008
Beth E. Molnar, ScD, Stephen L. Buka, ScD, and Ronald C. Kessler, PhD

"This study examines the relationship between child sexual abuse (CSA) and subsequent onset of psychiatric disorders, accounting for other childhood adversities, CSA type, and chronicity of the abuse."

Child Sexual Abuse Prevention and Risk Reduction: Literature Review for Parents and Guardians (pdf)

added 09/06/2011
Pennsylvania Coalition Against Rape and National Sexual Violence Resource Center

This literature review examines research on prevention efforts targeting parents to support or reject three hypotheses: (1) Prevention efforts intended for parents increase their knowledge of CSA, (2) such prevention efforts motivate parents to educate and protect children from CSA, and (3) such efforts result in lower rates of child sexual victimization.

Child Sexual Abuse: Child Survivors, Mothers, and Perpetrators Tell Their Stories (pdf)

added 01/14/2009
Jane Gilgun, Ph.D., LICSW and Alankaar Sharma, MSW

This book is full of hard-to-find information about child sexual abuse and is based on interviews with children, mothers, and perpetrators. Through these interviews, questions many people have surrounding this issue are answered. This book reveals how our culture gangs up on child victims to the benefit of perpetrators.

Child Welfare Outcomes 2003: Annual Report (pdf)

added 10/24/2006
Children's Bureau

Improved efforts are needed to ensure that child victims do not experience recurrence of abuse or neglect, according to this year´s annual report to Congress from the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Children´s Bureau. While the overall performance of state child welfare services generally improved from 2000 to 2003, the 2006 report, Child Welfare Outcomes 2003: Annual Report to Congress, recognizes that particularly with regard to maltreatment of children, the reported data do not always include all instances of abuse or neglect. In measuring the recurrence of child abuse and neglect, the report notes that child victim rates varied considerably across states, ranging from 1.6 per 1,000 children in the state's population in Pennsylvania to 42.2 in Alaska, with a median of 10.6. In seven states, there were fewer than five child victims per 1,000 children (Arizona, Idaho, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and Washington). In contrast, in six states, there were more than 20 child victims per 1,000 (Alaska, District of Columbia, Florida, Massachusetts, South Dakota, and West Virginia); in two of these six states (Alaska and Florida) there were more than 35 child victims per 1,000. The full report with state-by-state results plus nation-wide data can be downloaded from the Children's Bureau Web site above.

Childhood Experience and the Expression of Genetic Potential: What Childhood Neglect Tells Us About Nature and Nurture (pdf)

added 02/25/2009
Bruce D. Perry

"Abuse studies from the author’s laboratory, studies of children in orphanages who lacked emotional contact, and a large number of animal deprivation and enrichment studies point to the need for children and young nonhuman mammals to have both stable emotional attachments with and touch from primary adult caregivers, and spontaneous interactions with peers. If these connections are lacking, brain development both of caring behavior and cognitive capacities is damaged in a lasting fashion. The effects of the childhood environment, favorable or unfavorable, interact with all the processes of neurodevelopment."

Children as Victims (pdf)

added 11/02/2000
John J. Wilson, Acting Administrator

May 2000. This 23-page Bulletin was derived from "Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 1999 National Report." It is one of a series of Bulletins designed to give readers quick access to some of the most critical data from the wealth of data in the 222-page Report, which was compiled for OJJDP by the National Center for Juvenile Justice. This Bulletin documents the impact of crime on society's most vulnerable victims--children.

Children with Sexual Behavior Problems: Common Misconceptions vs. Current Findings (pdf)

added 07/07/2008

"This fact sheet provides information about children who demonstrate developmentally inappropriate or aggressive sexual behavior. It addresses some common myths about this population and provides findings from research on the issue."

Children’s and Adolescents’ Participation and Protection from Sexual Abuse and Exploitation (pdf)

added 06/08/2010
Clare Feinstein and Claire O’Kane

"A paper reviewing government commitments to strengthen participation by children and adolescents to protect them from sexual abuse and exploitation. The paper provides recommendations for further research, policy development, and programming to support advocacy and practice with and by children and adolescents. "

Children’s Exposure to Violence: A Comprehensive National Survey (pdf)

added 10/23/2009
David Finkelhor, Heather Turner, Richard Ormrod, Sherry Hamby, and Kristen Kracke

"This Bulletin discusses the National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence that measured the past-year and lifetime exposure to violence for children age 17 and younger across several major categories: conventional crime, child maltreatment, victimization by peers and siblings, sexual victimization, witnessing and indirect victimization (including exposure to community violence and family violence), school violence and threats, and Internet victimization."

Choosing and Using Child Victimization Questionnaires

added 07/16/2001
Sherry L. Hamby, Ph.D., Research Assistant, and David Finkelhor, Ph.D., Director, Crimes against Children Research Center

15-page Bulletin posted by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). This Bulletin notes several benefits deriving from the use of standardized questionnaires. Specific guidelines are provided to help youth service professionals determine what type of victimization is to be measured, what questionnaire should be administered, whether the results need to correspond to crime and child protection categories, what period of time is being surveyed, what the children's ages are, and whether the results will be compared with national norms. Specific questionnaires are reviewed, and recommendations for further reading are offered.

Collaborating for Family Safety: Results From the Greenbook Multisite Evaluation

added 08/04/2008
Jeffrey L. Edleson and Neena M. Malik

"This special issue of the Journal of Interpersonal Violence features results from a multisite developmental evaluation of best practices at the intersection of child maltreatment and adult domestic violence."

Conceptualizing Juvenile Prostitution as Child Maltreatment: Findings from the National Juvenile Prostitution Study (pdf)

added 08/11/2010
Kimberly J. Mitchell, David Finkelhor and Janis Wolak

"Two studies were conducted to identify the incidence (Study 1) and characteristics (Study 2) of juvenile prostitution cases known to law enforcement agencies in the United States. Findings indicate law enforcement responses to juvenile prostitution are influential in determining whether such youth are viewed as victims of commercial sexual exploitation or as delinquents."

Corporal punishment as a Stressor Among Youth (pdf)

added 11/19/2008
Heather A. Turner and David Finkelhor

"This article addresses the impact of corporal punishment by parents on the psychological well being of youth. Based on the authors' findings, the research indicates a positive association between the frequency of corporal punishment and both psychological distress and depression."

Corporal Punishment by Parents and Associated Child Behaviors and Experiences: A Meta-Analytic and Theoretical Review (pdf)

added 11/19/2008
Elizabeth Thompson Gershoff

"The author presents the results of meta-analyses of the association between parental corporal punishment and 11 child behaviors and experiences. Parental corporal punishment was associated with all child constructs, including higher levels of immediate compliance and aggression and lower levels of moral internalization and mental health. The author then presents a process– context model to explain how parental corporal punishment might cause particular child outcomes and considers alternative explanations. The article concludes by identifying 7 major remaining issues for future research."

Corporal Punishment in Adolescence and Physical Assaults on Spouses in Later Life: What Accounts for the Link? (pdf)

added 11/19/2008

"Using data on 4,401 couples who participated in the National Family Violence Survey, this article reports modeling of cultural norms or other processes that could account for the link between corporal punishment and partner violence. Because corporal punishment of adolescents occurs in over half of U.S. families, the findings suggest that elimination of this practice can reduce some of the psychological and social processes that increase the likelihood of future marital violence and perhaps other violence as well."

Creating Social Change in Cyberspace: 10 Years Strong

added 06/13/2006

Article published by the University of Minnesota Gateway to Reseach & Innovations regarding the success of the Minnesota Center Against Violence and Abuse in providing knowledge to prevent violence.

Crimes Against Children by Babysitters (pdf)

added 10/23/2001
David Finkelhor, Ph.D., Director, and Richard Ormrod, Ph.D., Research Professor, Crimes against Children Research Center

7-page Bulletin posted by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). This Bulletin, part of OJJDP's Crimes Against Children Series, draws on the FBI's National Incident-Based Reporting System to provide data on the frequency and nature of crimes against children committed by babysitters.

Cross System Dialogue: An Effective Strategy to Promote Communication Between the Domestic Violence Community, Child Welfare System, and the Courts (pdf)

added 04/30/2010
Stacy M. Lowry and Olga Trujillo

This publication provides information about the use of cross-system dialogue to facilitate communication among representatives working in the domestic violence, child welfare, and court system. Strategies for professionals responding to family violence and child maltreatment are also provided.

Culturally Competent Service Provision to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Survivors of Sexual Violence (pdf)

added 10/02/2009
Sabrina Gentlewarrior with contributions from Kim Fountain

"This Applied Research paper provides a review of the research focusing on LGBT survivors of sexual trauma and offers recommendations for culturally competent service provision to LGBT clients."

Danger Zone: Battered Mothers and Their Families in Supervised Visitation (pdf)

added 10/28/2008
Tracee Parker, Kellie Rogers, Meghan Collins, and Jeffrey L. Edleson

"This paper outlines research conducted at a supervised visitation center specifically for serving families where domestic violence was the primary reason for referral. The authors have classified their experiences based on these main subjects: battered women in supervised visitation, how battering continues during supervised visitation, how the rules of the supervised visitation center evolved during the first 18 months of implementation, the importance of well-trained visit monitors, and the need to include supervised visitation centers within a larger context of coordinated community responses to domestic violence."

Developmental Repair: A Training Manual (pdf)

added 07/16/2009
Anne Gearity, PhD, LICSW

Washburn Center for Children has recently completed a training manual on Developmental Repair – the treatment framework that has been developed and implemented in their Day Treatment Program under the clinical leadership of Anne Gearity PhD, LICSW. It is an intensive treatment model for working with young children who have experienced complex trauma and present with aggressive and disruptive symptoms.

Developmental Status and Early Intervention Service Needs of Maltreated Children (pdf)

added 01/13/2009
J. Losby et al.

"In this report, published by the Institute for Social and Economic Development, the authors analyze findings from the National Early Intervention Longitudinal Study and the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being. They provide information about the developmental status and early intervention service needs of children under age three who are substantiated for maltreatment. Topics include: 1) the extent to which maltreated children have developmental problems or are subject to factors associated with poor developmental outcomes; 2) the services maltreated children might be eligible for and ones they receive through the child welfare systems; 3) case characteristics, such as child welfare setting, that impact the effect of developmental services; and 4) existing barriers to services."

Do Children Sexually Abuse Other Children? (pdf)

added 11/30/2005

This is a piece of education material intended for all audiences that overviews childhood sexual abuse and the high incidence rates of children under the age of 18 years that are perpetrators.

Domestic Violence and Child Welfare Services

added 05/09/2007
North Carolina Division of Social Services & The Family and Children's Resource Program

Statistics and links to helpful resources and information related to child welfare and domestic violence are provided in this document.

Domestic Violence and Children: Creating a Public Response (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Susan Schechter and Jeffrey L. Edleson

The authors of this paper address children's exposure to domestic violence as a factor in healthy development. Research findings suggest that children who witness domestic violence are often unnoticed and underserved by other agencies in the community. Principles serving as a guiding framework for policy and service are outlined, as well as recommendations for communities and governmental bodies to help children experiencing domestic violence.

Early Identification of Risk Factors for Parental Abduction (pdf)

added 07/23/2001
Janet R. Johnston, Ph.D., Inger Sagatun-Edwards, Ph.D., Martha-Elen Blomquist, Ph.D., Linda K. Girdner, Ph.D.

12-page Bulletin posted by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). The bulletin provides information regarding the risk factors associated with parental kidnapping and strategies that can be used to intervene with families at greatest risk. They address such critical factors as the characteristics of parents who abduct their own children, the role family violence plays in increasing the likelihood of parental abduction, ways of identifying children at risk of being abducted by a parent or other family member, and steps that can be taken to protect children from family abduction.

Effective Intervention in Domestic Violence & Child Maltreatment Cases: Guidelines for Policy & Practice (pdf)

added 05/09/2007
Susan Schechter & Jeffrey Edleson (With major contributions by Judge Leonard P. Edwards, Linda Spears, Ann Rosewater, & Elizabeth Ann Stoffel)

This 133 page publication addresses a number of issues relevant to family violence within the home and the community and specifically focuses on interventions. It is intended to offer communities a guiding framework to develop interventions and measure progress as they seek to improve their responses to families experiencing domestic violence and child maltreatment.

Eliminating Violence against Children (pdf)

added 03/13/2009
Inter-Parliamentary Union and UNICEF

"Jointly produced by UNICEF and the Inter-Parliamentary Union, this handbook describes measures parliamentarians can take to end violence against children: they can legislate, oversee government activities, allocate financial resources and, as leaders in their nations and communities, raise awareness of issues."

Emerging issues in domestic/family violence research (pdf)

added 05/28/2010
Lorana Bartels

"This paper presents an overview of the key emerging issues in Australian domestic and family violence research in the context of gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender and intersex communities; the elderly; those with disabilities; people from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds; Indigenous communities; homelessness; the impact on children; and issues around perpetrator programs."

Ending Violence Against Women

added 06/11/2008
Lori Heise, Mary Ellsberg and Megan Gottemoeller, Series L, Number 11, in Population Reports (December 1999)

"Highlights the 2 most prevalent types of abuse in the lives of women and girls around the world: intimate partner violence and rape. Demonstrates how world-wide gender-based violence is a major public health concern, suggesting strategies to respond."

Failure to Thrive: A Controlled Study of Familial Characteristics

added 09/18/2006

The findings from this case-controlled study reveal that current assumptions regarding inadequate mothering as the cause of failure to thrive among infants is inaccurate. The findings instead suggest that mothers of infants with a FTT possess fewer familial/community support, and were less educated when compared to matched controls.

Family Court Statistics: an overview of Family Court Statistics in New Zealand 2004 to 2008

added 06/08/2010

This bulletin analyzes, between 2004 and 2008, the four main areas that come under the jurisdiction of the Family Court in New Zealand, including family violence and child protection.

Family Violence Statistics: Including Statistics on Strangers and Acquaintances (pdf)

added 06/14/2005
Bureau of Justice Statistics

This study compares family and nonfamily violence statistics from victimization through the different stages of the justice system. Family violence is defined as all types of violent crime committed by an offender who is related to the victim and includes spouse abuse, parental violence against a child, and violence among other family members. Nonfamily relationships used for comparison include boyfriends and girlfriends, friends and acquaintances, and strangers. Data are drawn from victimization surveys, official police statistics, State and Federal court statistics, and surveys of inmates in State prisons and local jails.

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: A statistical exploration

added 06/11/2008
The United Nations Children's Fund (November 2005)

"This publication analyzes available statistics on female genital mutilation/cutting, with the aim of improving understanding of related issues in the wider context of gender equality and social change."

Fourth National Incidence Study of Child Abuse and Neglect (NIS-4) (pdf)

added 03/07/2010

"The NIS is a congressionally mandated, periodic research effort to assess the incidence of child abuse and neglect in the United States. The NIS gathers information from multiple sources to estimate the number of children who are abused or neglected, providing information about the nature and severity of the maltreatment, the characteristics of the children, perpetrators, and families, and the extent of changes in the incidence or distribution of child maltreatment since the time of the last national incidence study."

Get the Facts - Domestic Violence and Children (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

Statistics and numbers are provided to give an idea of trends in the United States related to children and exposure to domestic violence.

Hate, Violence, and Death on Main Street USA: A report on Hate Crimes and Violence Against People Experiencing Homelessness 2008 (pdf)

added 08/21/2009

A new report from the National Coalition for the Homeless (NCH) contains case descriptions of each attack that includes sexual assault. The report notes that because crimes committed against homeless persons often go unreported, the actual numbers of non-lethal attacks is likely much higher. Rapes and sexual assaults also tend to go unreported. The report recommends that state legislatures add homeless persons as a “protected class” to hate crime legislation, and encourages police trainings so law enforcement officers will better understand homelessness and how to prevent hate crimes.

Healthy Marriage and the Legacy of Child Maltreatment: A Child Welfare Perspective (pdf)

added 01/13/2009
Tiffany Conway and Rutledge Q. Hutson

"This brief explores how childhood experiences, specifically child maltreatment and involvement with the child welfare system, impact the potential for a healthy, lasting marriage. The author also offers recommendations for addressing the unique needs of couples in which one or both partners have experienced childhood maltreatment."

Helping Traumatized Children at School

added 04/16/2010
Kathleen Nader, D.S.W.

A paper that discusses school interventions for traumatized children. It provides some of the guidelines and resources for use when youth's traumas affect their ability to function at school.

How Are We Measuring Resilience Following Childhood Maltreatment? Is the Research Adequate and Consistent? What is the Impact on Research, Practice, and Policy? (pdf)

added 01/21/2010
Wendy A. Walsh, Jean Dawson, and Marybeth J. Mattingly

"The authors review the literature on resilience following childhood maltreatment and describe how variation in the measurement of outcomes at various developmental stages affects research findings, practice implications, and policy recommendations."

Implementing Evidence-Based Practice in Treatment Foster Care (pdf)

added 03/27/2009

The guide highlights valuable information, references, resources, and tools for implementing Evidence-based Practices (EBPs) in Treatment Foster Care (TFC) service settings. The Resource Guide identifies specific models, interventions, and tools that TFC providers can use to deliver effective services to the children, youth, and families in their care. It also provides “how-to” information to help TFC providers successfully implement desired EBPs in their programs.

Indigenous perpetrators of violence: Prevalence and risk factors for offending (pdf)

added 05/28/2010
Joy Wundersitz

"This report presents results of research into victimisation of, and offending by, Indigenous people. The report draws attention to the need to investigate the specifics of different forms of violent offending, the relationship between victims and offenders and the location and nature of different community settings."

Internet-initiated Sex Crimes against Minors: Implications for Prevention Based on Findings from a National Study (pdf)

added 11/08/2012

The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics of episodes in which juveniles became victims of sex crimes committed by people they met through the Internet.

Interpersonal violence and alcohol (pdf)

added 03/27/2010

This report by the World Health Organization presents research on the relation between alcohol and violence. It suggests that alcohol is a situational determinant which increases the risk of most types of violence. Hazardous and harmful use of alcohol has also been shown to be an important consequence of experiencing or witnessing most forms of violence, but especially child maltreatment and intimate partner violence.

Intimate or Childhood Sexual Abuse and Obesity in Kentucky

added 11/04/2008
Ann L. Coker, PhD, MPH; Corrine Williams, ScD; James E. Ferguson, II, MD; Heather M. Bush, PhD; Yasmin Parrish; Leslie Crofford, MD

This study concluded that sexual abuse, whether experienced as an adult or child, was associated with a 32% increase in obesity among 4,391 women in Kentucky. The study also found that intimate partner violence and obesity are common health threats for women. The authors suggest that efforts to prevent physical and sexual abuse and mental health consequences of abuse on victims can have implications to improve women's health.

Kidnaping of Juveniles: Patterns From NIBRS (pdf)

added 12/15/2000
David Finkelhor, Ph.D. and Richard Ormrod, Ph.D.

8-page Bulletin posted by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). This Bulletin describes the offense of kidnapping of juveniles using 1997 NIBRS data. Among other significant findings, the analysis reveals that such abductions are relatively uncommon; that there are three distinct kinds of perpetrators; and that the rate of juvenile kidnapping peaks in the afternoon.

Kids Count Census Data Online

added 10/23/2001

KIDS COUNT compiles indicators of child well-being released by the U.S. Census. Data is available for hundreds of measures of child well-being.

Making the Case for Preventing Child Abuse and Neglect: An Overview of Cost Effective Prevention Strategies (pdf)

added 04/01/2009

"This report from the FRIENDS National Resource Center for Community-Based Child Abuse Prevention provides and overview of a range of prevention strategies that have been found to have some evidence of being able to preventing child abuse and neglect. "

No One to Turn To: The Under-Reporting of Child Sexual Exploitation and Abuse by Aid Workers and Peacekeepers (pdf)

added 09/21/2010

No One to Turn To seeks to move the debate on and reinvigorate efforts to address the problem of the under-reporting of child sexual exploitation and abuse by aid workers and peacekeepers. Based on research with communities and international organizations, it examines the chronic under-reporting of abuse and the inadequate response to it. It provides new analysis on why this abuse persists despite international efforts to stop it, and proposes new solutions to tackle it.
Also available in French

Online Victimization of Youth: Five Years Later (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Janis Wolak, Kimberly Mitchell, and David Finkelhor

"This second groundbreaking national survey of 1,500 youth aged 10 to 17 documented their use of the Internet and experiences while online including unwanted exposure to sexual solicitation, sexual material, and harassment. It was produced in cooperation with OJJDP and the University of New Hampshire’s Crimes against Children Research Center and includes recommendations to help make the Internet safer for children."

Parental Alienation Syndrome and Parental Alienation: Research Reviews (pdf)

added 06/14/2009
Joan S. Meier

This VAWnet document provides a historical and research overview of Parental Alienation Syndrome and Parental Alienation, identifies strategic issues for advocates working with victims, and offers guidelines to improve courts’ treatment of these issues.

Polyvictimization in Developmental Context (pdf)

added 01/18/2012
Finkelhor, D., Shattuck, A., Turner, H., Ormrod, R., Hamby, S.L., 2011

This article provides an analysis of data on child victimization from a large national survey using the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire. The purpose of the study was to assess the prevelence of polyvictimization (i.e., exposure to multiple forms of victimization) in youth from 4 different developmental cohorts.

Poverty and Domestic Violence

added 07/13/2010

"This special collection includes a categorized and selected listing of articles, fact sheets, papers, reports and surveys. It is offered as an additional tool to assist advocates working on and interested in poverty and how it relates to ending violence against women."

Preventing violence and reducing its impact: How development agencies can help (pdf)

added 09/09/2009

This document makes the case for increased attention on the impact of violence on development by international development agencies. A key aim is to stimulate dialogue on the role of international development agencies in the prevention of violence globally, and ultimately to increase investment in a commonly agreed set of applied violence prevention strategies. The primary audience for this document is policy-makers, high-level planners, and others in the international development field.

Preventing Violence the Problem-Solving Way

added 10/03/2001
M.B. Shure

April 1999 Juvenile Justice Bulletin- Analyzes intervention methods based on the hypothesis that behavior can be modified by focusing on thought processes rather than on behaviors.

Profiting from abuse: An investigation into the sexual exploitation of children (pdf)

added 07/07/2008

"Highlights ways children are sexually exploited around the world, factors contributing to this exploitation, and responses various states, communities, organizations, and individuals have taken to respond to/prevent/decrease child sexual exploitation."

Prostitution of Children and Child-Sex Tourism: An Analysis of Domestic and International Responses (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Eva J. Klain, JD, of the American Bar Association Center on Children and the Law

"This paper addresses both domestic and international responses to the prostitution of children within the United States and abroad. The author highlights policy and practice issues regarding the legal system and social-service responses to prostituted children."

Protecting Children from Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Violence in Disaster and Emergency Situations (pdf)

added 04/07/2010

This document provides local and community-based organizations with strategies for preventing the sexual exploitation and trafficking of children during natural disasters and other emergencies.

Psychological Abuse: A Discussion Paper (pdf)

added 05/27/2009
Deborah Doherty and Dorothy Berglund

"This paper is a review of research on psychological abuse in interpersonal and family relationships including in settings such as long-term care residences.The paper presents research findings on the personal, economic and health related costs of psychological abuse to the individual and to society, and briefly outlines legal recourses for victims. It concludes by exploring ways to recognize and address psychological abuse, while emphasizing the importance of developing holistic approaches "

Relationship of Childhood Abuse and Household Dysfunction to Many of the Leading Causes of Death in Adults: The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study (pdf)

added 08/23/2011
Vincent J. Felitti, et al.

This article seeks to gain more of an understanding of the relationship between health risk behavior and disease in adulthood and the breadth of exposure to childhood emotional, physical, or sexual abuse, and household dysfunction during childhood. They conclude that a strong relationship does exist and that adverse childhood exposure can lead to multiple risk factors for several of the leading causes of death in adults.

Research Indicating that the Majority of Cases that go to Court as "High Conflict" Contested Custody Cases Have a History of Domestic Violence

added 01/07/2009
Compiled by Professor Joan S. Meier, Esq.

This document, comprised of research from many leading experts in the field of domestic violence, lays out the case that the majority of high conflict child custody disputes have a history of domestic violence.

Second Comprehensive Study of Missing Children (pdf)

added 04/25/2000
Louise Hanson

A 6-page Bulletin posted by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). The design of the National Incidence Studies of Missing, Abducted, Runaway, and Thrownaway Children (NISMART 2) study is described in this Bulletin, which outlines how it will provide vital data on the incidence of missing children in seven categories: runaway/thrownaway, nonfamily abduction, family abduction, custodial interference, lost and involuntarily missing, missing due to injury, missing due to false alarm situations, as well as children who have been sexually assaulted.

Security Begins at Home (pdf)

added 02/25/2009

The Kosova Women’s Network released the country’s first study on domestic violence, called Security Begins at Home. The report highlights key points such as: what the citizens of Kosovo perceive as domestic violence, the forms and consequences of domestic violence, citizens' response to ending it, and the legal and institutional gaps in addressing it.

Sexual Abuse of Children with Disabilities: A National Snapshot (pdf)

added 04/08/2013
Nancy Smith & Sandra Harrell

This summary report finds that children with disabilities are three times more likely than children without them to be victims of sexual abuse, and the likelihood is even higher for children with certain types of disabilities, such as intellectual or mental health disabilities.

Sexual Assault of Young Children as Reported to Law Enforcement: Victim, Incident, and Offender Characteristics (pdf)

added 05/22/2003
Howard N. Snyder, Ph.D., National Center for Juvenile Justice

Presents findings from the National Incident-Based Reporting System regarding sexual assault, especially young children.

Sexual Intercourse Among Adolescents Maltreated Before Age 12: A Prospective Investigation (pdf)

added 11/01/2009
Maureen M. Black, PhD, Sarah E. Oberlander, PhD, Terri Lewis, PhD, Elizabeth D. Knight, MSW, Adam J. Zolotor, MD, MPH, Alan J. Litrownik, PhD, Richard Thompson, PhD, Howard Dubowitz, MS, MD, Diana E. English, PhD

"This study found that maltreatment (regardless of type) predicts sexual intercourse by 14 and 16. Emotional distress explains the relationship by 14. By 16, other factors likely contribute to intercourse. Maltreated children are at risk for early initiation of sexual intercourse and sexually active adolescents should be evaluated for possible maltreatment."

Sexual Violence Research Agenda (pdf)

added 06/08/2009

"The Sexual Violence Research Initiative recently published the Sexual Violence Research Agenda. The publication recognizes eight key focus areas for research: nature, prevalence, social context and risk factors associated with sexual violence; appropriateness and effectiveness of sexual violence services; sexual violence prevention; sexual violence and restorative justice; sexual violence in conflict and emergency settings; child sexual abuse; human trafficking for sexual exploitation; and female genital cutting."

Sexually Assaulted Children - National Estimates and Characteristics (pdf)

added 01/13/2009
David Finkelhor, Heather Hammer, and Andrea J. Sedlak

"This bulletin provides information on the estimated number and characteristics of children who were sexually assaulted in the United States in 1999, based on interviews with victims and their families. It also presents statistical profiles of these children, including their demographic characteristics, according to the Second National Incidence Studies of Missing, Abducted, Runaway, and Thrownaway Children (NISMART-2.)"

Shattered Hearts: The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of American Indian Women and Girls in Minnesota (pdf)

added 10/18/2009

A groundbreaking report released by the Minnesota Indian Women’s Resource Center (MIWRC) highlights the alarming and pervasive sex trafficking of American Indian women and girls in Minnesota. The first comprehensive report of its kind, it highlights risk factors for victims that include poverty, a disproportionate number of American Indian homeless, high incidences of overall sexual assault, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and pervasive multi-generational trauma.

Shattered Lives: Homicides, Domestic Violence and Asian Families (pdf)

added 06/29/2010
Chic Dabby, Hetana Patel and Grace Poore

This report focuses on domestic violence related homicides as a critical issue affecting Asian, Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander battered women since 2001. Types of domestic violence related homicides, children as victims, and perpetrator types are discussed. Findings and recommendations are also provided.

Statistics Surrounding Child Sexual Abuse

added 06/11/2008
Darkness to Light

"This one-pager presents statistics surrounding the issue of child sexual abuse."

Status of Girls in Minnesota

added 05/25/2010
Women’s Foundation of Minnesota and the Institute for Women’s Policy Research

"This 2008 report provides detailed information on the status of girls in Minnesota. It also serves as a tool for advocates, researchers, and policy makers in developing a set of interventions that will ensure girls’ economic, social, and political equality in the state. "

The Costs Of Child Abuse vs. Child Abuse Prevention: Michigan's Experience

added 04/26/1996
Robert A. Caldwell, Ph.D., Michigan State University

This report is a cost-benefit analysis of child abuse prevention.

The Decline in Child Sexual Abuse Cases (pdf)

added 05/22/2003
Lisa Jones and David Finkelhor

This document presents evidence about the decline in reported and substantiated child sexual abuse cases since the early 1990’s. Several explanations for the decline are considered, and corresponding policy implications are discussed.

The economic burden of child maltreatment in the United States and implications for prevention

added 12/11/2012
Xiangming Fang, Derek S. Brown, Curtis S. Florence, James A. Mercy

Child maltreatment (CM) is a serious and prevalent public health problem in the United States, responsible for substantial morbidity and mortality. Published in Child Abuse and Neglect, The International Journal, this study's objective was to present new estimates of the average lifetime costs per child maltreatment victim and aggregate lifetime costs. Findings show each death due to child maltreatment had a lifetime cost of about $1.3 million.

The Economic Dimensions of Interpersonal Violence (pdf)

added 07/21/2009
Hugh Waters, et al., Department of Injuries and Violence Prevention, World Health Organization

This document examines the economic effects of interpersonal violence, including sexual violence, as well as the economic effects of interventions seeking to reduce violence and the ways in which economic factors such as poverty and income inequality contribute to violence.

The Effects of Childhood Stress on Health Across the Lifespan

added 06/11/2008
Jennifer S. Middlebrooks, MSW, MPH and Natalie C. Audage, MPH for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (2008)

"This document summarizes the available research on childhood stress and its long-term consequences. Of particular interest is the stress caused by child abuse, neglect, and repeated exposure to intimate partner violence."

The Epidemiology of Trauma and Trauma-Related Disorders in Children and Youth (pdf)

added 01/13/2009
John A. Fairbank, PhD

"This publication reviews general population studies, disaster research, child maltreatment studies, and special population studies that report the prevalence of PTSD in children, adolescents, and young adults. It includes a brief discussion of the cumulative adverse effects of traumatic stress experienced from infancy through adolescence."


added 01/07/2009

"This national survey of youth, ages 10 to 17, and their caretakers has several implications for the current debate about young people and Internet pornography. Twenty five percent of youth had unwanted exposure to sexual pictures on the Internet in the past year, challenging the prevalent assumption that the problem is primarily about young people motivated to actively seek out pornography. Most youth had no negative reactions to their unwanted exposure, but one quarter said they were very or extremely upset, suggesting a priority need for more research on and interventions directed toward such negative effects. The authors urge that social scientific research be undertaken to inform this highly contentious public policy controversy."

The Greenbook Initiative Final Evaluation Report (pdf)

added 07/02/2008
The Greenbook National Evaluation Team

"The Greenbook national evaluation results are presented in three reports. The Greenbook Demonstration Initiative: Process Evaluation Report: Phase 1 focused on the planning and goal setting phase of the Greenbook initiative in the sites. This final evaluation report assesses the extent to which the Greenbook implementation activities facilitated cross-system and within system change and practice in the child welfare agencies, dependency courts, and domestic violence service providers."

The Impact of Conflict on Women and Girls in West and Central Africa and the UNICEF response (pdf)

added 03/13/2009

"This first-of-its-kind study by UNICEF on the situation of war-affected girls and women in the region highlights innovative programmes being implemented with partners to address the impact of conflict, and recommends how UNICEF can more proactively champion the rights of girls - particularly adolescent girls."

The National Report on Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking: America’s Prostituted Children (pdf)

added 10/02/2009

The report reveals findings of three years of intensive research on the issue of child sex trafficking in America from ten locations across the U.S. The study found that at least 100,000 children are used in prostitution every year in the United States and that the average age of entry into prostitution is 13 years old.

The prevalence of child abuse and neglect

added 05/28/2010
Rhys Price-Robertson, Leah Bromfield and Suzanne Vassallo

"A resource sheet that summarizes the current knowledge about the prevalence of child abuse and neglect in Australia. It provides an overview of Australian studies that have estimated the prevalence of the different forms of child maltreatment."

The Psychological Maltreatment of Children -Technical Report (2002)

added 01/07/2009
Steven W. Kairys, MD, MPH, Charles F. Johnson, MD and Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect (PEDIATRICS Vol. 109 No. 4)

"Psychological maltreatment is a common consequence of physical and sexual abuse but also may occur as a distinct entity. Until recently, there has been controversy regarding the definition and consequences of psychological maltreatment. Sufficient research and consensus now exist about the incidence, definition, risk factors, and consequences of psychological maltreatment."

The Relationship Between Domestic Violence and Child Abuse (pdf)

added 08/11/2008
Prevent Child Abuse America (September 1996)

"Cites surveys and reports published between 1987 and 1996, briefly describing: what is domestic violence; what is child abuse; how does domestic violence affect children; and similarities/correlations between domestic violence and/or child abuse."

The Role of Educators in Preventing and Responding to Child Abuse and Neglect (pdf)

added 02/01/2005
Cynthia Crosson-Tower

This manual, designed to examine the roles that teachers, school counselors, school social workers, school nurses, special education professionals, administrators, and other school personnel have in helping maltreated children, provides the basis for the involvement of educators in combating the problem of child abuse and neglect. It also may be used by other professionals involved in child abuse and neglect interventions, such as child protective services, mental health, law enforcement, health care, and early childhood professionals, to gain a better understanding of the role of educators in child protection.

The Safe Start Center Series on Children Exposed to Violence: Pediatric Care Settings (pdf)

added 11/04/2009
Betsy McAlister Groves, LICSW, and Marilyn Augustyn, MD

This issue brief translates emerging research and program practice into action steps for practitioners in pediatric care settings to design and implement programs that meet the needs of children who are exposed to violence.

The State of the World's Children 2009 Report

added 03/13/2009

"The State of the World's Children 2009 examines critical issues in maternal and newborn health, underscoring the need to establish a comprehensive continuum of care for mothers, newborns and children. The report outlines the latest paradigms in health programming and policies for mothers and newborns, and explores policies, programmes and partnerships aimed at improving maternal and neonatal health. Africa and Asia are a key focus for this report, which complements the previous year's issue on child survival."

The Structured Decision Making Model: An Evidence-based Approach to Human Services

added 03/27/2009

Structured Decision Making (SDM) is an evidence-based model designed to help agencies and caseworkers make accurate risk assessments about families and children. A new guide from the Children's Research Center (CRC), a division of the National Council on Crime and Delinquency, reviews the principles of the SDM model and provides updated information on its use in jurisdictions around the country.

The Traumatic Impact of Child Sexual Abuse: A Conceptualization (pdf)

added 08/19/2008
David Finkelhor, Ph.D., and Angela Browne, Ph.D.

"In this paper a framework is proposed for a more systematic understanding of the effects of child sexual abuse. Four traumagenic dynamics – traumatic sexualization, betrayal, stigmatization, and powerlessness – are identified as the core of the psychological injury inflicted by abuse. These dynamics can be used to make assessments of victimized children and to anticipate problems to which these children may be vulnerable subsequently. Implications for research are also considered."

The Unclaimed Children Revisited, California Case Study (pdf)

added 06/14/2010
Janice L. Cooper, Yumiko Aratani, Rachel Masi, Patti Banghart, Sarah Dababnah, Ayana Douglas-Hall, Alex L. Tavares, and Shannon Stagman

"The purpose of the California Case Study is to identify, document, and analyze effective fiscal, infrastructural, and related policies that support research-informed practices for mental health services to children and adolescents in California."

The Use of Expert Testimony on Intimate Partner Violence (pdf)

added 11/04/2009
Kathleen J. Ferraro and Noël Bridget Busch-Armendariz, VAWnet

"This Applied Research paper presents an overview of the uses of expert testimony, the qualifications and roles of experts, the literature on the use of testimony on the effects of battering, and considerations for future research."

Other formats: html

Trafficking and Forced Prostitution of Palestinian Women and Girls: Forms of Modern Day Slavery

added 12/17/2009
SAWA – All the Women Together Today and Tomorrow

"The first, in-depth study of its kind within the region that digs deeper to unravel the layers of this type of abuse. The paper analyzes six case studies — two on fathers selling their daughters, three on traffickers and one on a woman working in prostitution. It assesses and measures the extent of women trafficking in the Palestinian region in order to call on civil society organizations and Palestinian governmental institutions to take urgent and concrete actions against this human rights violation."

Other formats: pdf

Trafficking in Persons Report 2009 (pdf)

added 06/23/2009

"The ninth annual report seeks to increase global awareness of the human trafficking phenomenon by shedding new light on various facets of the problem and highlighting shared and individual efforts of the international community, and to encourage foreign governments to take effective action against all forms of trafficking in persons."

Transforming Communities to Prevent Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation: A Primary Prevention Approach (pdf)

added 09/25/2009

"This policy brief presents the distilled research and critical thinking of a diverse group of local and national experts in the field of child sexual abuse and exploitation. Via candid dialog and interviews, these leaders developed and prioritized primary prevention strategies, analyzed environmental factors and norms that perpetuate these problems, and outlined policies and practices for transforming our communities and our nation during these turbulent political and economic times."

Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children

added 07/12/2004
John Briere, Ph.D.

This measurement tool was published in 1996, after several years of research. It is a self-reporting tool geared toward children ages 8 to 16. There are fifty items, with several sub-scales including anxiety, depression, anger, PTSD, dissociation, and sexual concerns. The TSCC was designed to address traumatic events in general, meaning that it does not specifically address domestic violence. Nonetheless this checklist can be to gauge the impact domestic violence may have on a child. The actual questionnaire is copyrighted, but you may access it by contacting the publisher, Psychological Assessment Resources, Inc. at P.O. Box 998, Odessa, FL 33556. Telephone number: (800) 331-TEST.

UN study on Violence Against Children

added 03/13/2009

"A press release on a new effort to provide a detailed global picture of the nature, extent and causes of violence against children, and propose clear recommendations for action to prevent and reduce such violence. The study focuses on violence against children in five settings: the home and family, schools and educational settings, other institutional settings (orphanages, children in conflict with the law), the community and on the streets, and work situations. "

Understanding and Preventing Violence

added 07/31/2008
Jeffrey A. Roth, National Institute of Justice (November 1994)

"Discusses the findings of the National Academy of Sciences Panel on the Understanding and Control of Violent Behavior, established to review the current status of research in violence."

Understanding Children’s Exposure to Violence (pdf)

added 11/04/2009
Elena Cohen, Betsy McAlister Groves, and Kristen Kracke

The Safe Start Center has developed a series of briefs on Children Exposed to Violence. The briefs are developed to respond to an urgent need to translate research-based information and disseminate it to practitioners who can use it in their work with children and families in different settings. This particular brief describes core concepts—gleaned from research and program practice—used in designing and implementing programs that address children’s exposure to violence.

Understanding National Rape Statistics (pdf)

added 10/02/2009
Dean Kilpatrick and Jenna McCauley with contributions from Grace Mattern

"This Applied Research paper provides an overview of how estimates of sexual violence in the United States are produced, with particular emphasis on major sources of rape statistics at the national level."

Violence Against Girls in Conflict with the Law

added 07/21/2009

This article documents the particular vulnerability to sexual abuse and rape of girls who come into contact with police and juvenile justice systems in various countries.

Violence Against Women and Girls: A Compendium of Monitoring and Evaluation Indicators (pdf)

added 04/30/2010
Shelah S. Bloom

"This compendium offers a set of monitoring and evaluation indicators for program managers, organizations, and policy makers working to address violence against women and girls at individual, community, district and national levels in developing countries."

Violence Against Women: Classic Papers

added 08/21/2009
Raquel Kennedy Bergen, Jeffrey L. Edleson and Claire M. Renzetti

The purpose of this project was to assemble some of the classic works in the field of violence against women so that new generations of students, practitioners, and researchers would have a collective understanding of the work that has shaped the field. Included are commentaries from the original authors, when available, reflecting on why they authored the work when they did and the influence of their work on the field.

Violence in the Lives of Children (pdf)

added 04/01/2009
Brett V. Brown, Ph.D, and Sharon Bzostek, Child Trends

"This data brief from Child Trends reviews data on the types of violence experienced by U.S. children, including exposure to violence through media to abuse by parents and peers. Differences by age, gender, and race/ethnicity are discussed along with priorities for filling gaps in the data that is available on this topic."

What Is Trauma and Why Is It Important? (pdf)

added 04/07/2010

This is the first issue in a series focusing on trauma and child welfare systems. This issue defines trauma and describes its significance. Successive issues will highlight childhood trauma in the context of culture and identify ways in which child welfare systems can best respond to children.

Women and Health: Today’s Evidence, Tomorrow’s Agenda (pdf)

added 04/30/2010

"This report reviews evidence on the health issues that particularly affect girls and women throughout their life course. This report uses currently available data to draw attention to the consequences and costs of failing to address health issues at appropriate points in their lives."

Young Children's Exposure to Adult Domestic Violence: Toward a Developmental Risk and Resilience Framework for Research and Intervention (pdf)

added 11/17/2004
Abigail Gewirtz and Jeffrey L. Edleson

This paper is part of series of paper that addresses the way to mobilize community and programatic resources to provide responsive help to children and families affected both by domestic violence and poverty. This particular paper addresses impacts of adult domestic violence to young children through developmental risk and resiliency.

Young People’s Voices on Child Trafficking: Experiences from South Eastern Europe (pdf)

added 02/20/2009
Mike Dottridge

"The UNICEF Innocenti Centre (formally known as the International Child Development Centre) based in Florence, Italy, released a report in December 2008 on child trafficking. The report is based on interviews with 31 individuals in Albania, Kosovo, Republic of Moldova and Romania who had been trafficked when under the age of 18. It details children’s experiences with trafficking and support services. "