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Domestic Violence—Risk factors—articles

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'I am at the lowest end of all' : Rural women living with HIV face human rights abuses in South Africa

added 06/11/2008
Amnesty International (AI) (March 2008)

"This report provides an analysis of patterns of human rights abuses against women who are exposed to the risk of or are already living with HIV in rural contexts of widespread poverty and unemployment."

Abuse, Neglect and Exploitation In Licensed Facilities (pdf)

added 08/06/1996
Bureau of Elder and Adult Services of Maine

Offers information and resources on elder abuse, neglect, and exploitation in licensed facilities.

Advancing the Nation's Health: A Guide to Public Health Research Needs, 2006-2015 (pdf)

added 07/07/2008
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

"This guide is meant to serve as a critical resource for research areas that should be addressed during the next decade by CDC and its partners in response to current and future public health needs and events."

Baseline Survey on Sexual and Gender Based Violence in Rwanda (pdf)

added 12/17/2009
UNIFEM in collaboration with the Department of Applied Statistics of the National University of Rwanda

"This study was conducted to shed light on the magnitude of sexual and gender-based violence in Rwanda, and to determine and analyze the perceptions that communities have about the nature, causes and consequences of incidents of violence. This study also explores the subsequent actions that survivors have taken, and evaluates the role of various stakeholders in preventing and fighting sexual and gender-based violence."

Bench Guide for Recognizing Dangerousness in Domestic Violence Cases

added 05/20/2014
Jacquelyn C. Campbell, PhD, RN, FAAN and Hon. Sharon A. Chatman, Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara

This tool is a research-based bench guide for use by judicial officers at all stages of judicial proceedings involving allegations of domestic violence and orders of protection in civil and criminal domestic violence cases.

Broken Trust: Elders, Family & Finances (pdf)

added 07/11/2010
MetLife Mature Market Institute and the National Committee for the Prevention of Elder Abuse

"This is a report of a collaborative study of elder financial abuse. The study examines the prevalence as well as characteristics of victims and perpetrators of financial elder abuse and offers suggestions for identifying and addressing this problem. "

California Batterer Intervention Systems Study (pdf)

added 04/22/2009

This study on batterer intervention programs in the state of California encompasses 5 counties, 53 batterer intervention programs that provide client data, and over 1,000 men enrolled in those programs. The study found that the individual characteristics of the offenders, and not the program they were enrolled in nor the features of the specific court they were sentenced in, were the strongest predictors of outcomes.

Child Abuse and Neglect Fatalities: Statistics and Interventions (pdf)

added 04/01/2009

"This 2008 brief report presents statistical information on maltreatment-related fatalities of children including who are the victims and perpetrators and how communities often respond. "

Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention: Reports from the Field and Ideas for the Future (pdf)

added 04/01/2009
Rebecca Shaw, M. Rebecca Kilburn

"This report summarizes findings from a PPN project conducted for the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation's Child Abuse Prevention Program. The project sought to assess the current state of the child abuse and neglect prevention field as well as identify potential future directions for the field in terms of emerging priorities and prevention strategies."

Child Custody and Visitation Decisions in Domestic Violence Cases: Legal Trends, Risk Factors, and Safety Concerns

added 12/05/2007
Daniel G. Saunders in consultation with Karen Oehme

Describes major legal and social trends surrounding custody and visitation decisions and the social science evidence supporting the need to consider domestic violence. Recommendations for custody and visitation decisions are explored.

Chinese Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Chinese translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Colonization and Violence against Women (pdf)

added 06/30/2010
Val Kalei Kanuha

This article was created from the Proceedings from the National Summit on Domestic Violence in Asian and Pacific Islander Communities, which was held in June 2002. The article highlights various myths around the Asian and Pacific Islander cultures and colonization's role, as it relates to violence against women.

Criminal Victimization, 2008 (pdf)

added 09/18/2009
Michael R. Rand, BJS Statistician

"The report includes data on violent crimes (rape/sexual assault, robbery, aggravated assault and simple assault), property crimes (burglary, motor vehicle theft and property theft), and personal theft (pocket picking and purse snatching), and the characteristics of victims of these crimes. The report also includes estimates of intimate partner violent crime and use of firearms and other weapons in the commission of violent crime overall."

Danger Zone: Battered Mothers and Their Families in Supervised Visitation (pdf)

added 10/28/2008
Tracee Parker, Kellie Rogers, Meghan Collins, and Jeffrey L. Edleson

"This paper outlines research conducted at a supervised visitation center specifically for serving families where domestic violence was the primary reason for referral. The authors have classified their experiences based on these main subjects: battered women in supervised visitation, how battering continues during supervised visitation, how the rules of the supervised visitation center evolved during the first 18 months of implementation, the importance of well-trained visit monitors, and the need to include supervised visitation centers within a larger context of coordinated community responses to domestic violence."

Domestic Violence and the Gay Community: A Right to Peace and Safety

added 04/16/2010
Dr. Amy Menna & Gift From Within

An article on the myths and realities about domestic violence in the LGBT community. Also included is a list of resources for LGBT victims of domestic violence.

Domestic Violence Risk Assessment Bench Guide

added 07/25/2010

"A research-based bench guide for use by Minnesota judges at all stages of family, Order for Protection, civil or criminal cases involving domestic violence."

Domestic Violence, Mental Health & Trauma: Research Highlights (pdf)

added 08/11/2008
Carole Warshaw, M.D. and Holly Barnes, M.A., The Domestic Violence and Mental Health Policy Initiative (April 2003)

"Provides statistical information and findings from several research reports. Statistics are provided on the prevalence of domestic violence and mental health in the U.S., followed by research findings supporting the connection between trauma and mental health."

Economic Violence To Women and Girls: Is It Receiving the Necessary Attention? (pdf)

added 09/19/2008
Olufunmilayo I. Fawole

"This paper seeks to draw attention to the types of economic violence experienced by women, and describes its consequences on health and development. Recommendations for practice, policy, and research are also given."

Elder Abuse and Neglect

added 07/19/2010
Linda M. Woolf, Ph.D.

This document provides an overview of elder abuse including types of abuse, risk factors, and prevention and intervention strategies for individuals, families, and communities.

Elder Abuse: A Women’s Issue (pdf)

added 07/11/2010

"This report brings together experts and organizations that work to combat the problem of elder abuse, sharing its many dimensions and complexities, how it affects women in a disproportionate manner, and seeking effective solutions."

Elder Mistreatment: Abuse, Neglect, and Exploitation in an Aging America

added 08/01/2006
Richard J. Bonnie and Robert B. Wallace, Eds

This full book link is provided courtesy of The National Academies Press. This is an online book and can be read in its entirety front to back, by chapter or skimmed by topic of interest. Published in 2002, this book details everything from the definitions and concepts of elder abuse to the public policy implications as well as to the types of interventions available for working with this population.

Eliminating Violence against Children (pdf)

added 03/13/2009
Inter-Parliamentary Union and UNICEF

"Jointly produced by UNICEF and the Inter-Parliamentary Union, this handbook describes measures parliamentarians can take to end violence against children: they can legislate, oversee government activities, allocate financial resources and, as leaders in their nations and communities, raise awareness of issues."

Emerging issues in domestic/family violence research (pdf)

added 05/28/2010
Lorana Bartels

"This paper presents an overview of the key emerging issues in Australian domestic and family violence research in the context of gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender and intersex communities; the elderly; those with disabilities; people from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds; Indigenous communities; homelessness; the impact on children; and issues around perpetrator programs."

Fact Sheet: Domestic Violence and Pregnancy (pdf)

added 08/11/2008
National Coalition Against Domestic Violence (Fall 2004)

"Highlights the prevalence, risks, and lethality of violence against pregnant women."

Fact Sheet: Domestic Violence in Filipino Communities (pdf)

added 06/30/2010

A brief fact sheet on the demographics and statistics of domestic violence in Filipino communities that includes a selected list of translated materials and resources in the Tagalog and Ilocano languages.

Facts: Intimate Partner Violence for the World Report on Violence and Health

added 06/11/2008
World Health Organization (WHO)

"Describes the global epidemic of IPV in the following categories: The Extent of the Problem; The Consequences of Intimate Partner Violence; What are the Risk Factors for Intimate Partner Violence?; & What Can be Done to Prevent Intimate Partner Violence?"

Family and Intimate Partner Homicide Virginia, 2007 (pdf)

added 01/27/2010
Virginia Department of Health

The first report to analyze fatal cases of intimate-partner and family violence in the state of Virginia over a nine-year period. Risk factors, specific populations, and other findings are discussed.

Family Violence Risk Assessment and Risk Management Framework (pdf)

added 10/18/2009

Developed by independent experts and Victorian service providers (Canada), the framework includes three practical guides on identifying and assessing family violence, and includes case studies.

Family violence risk assessment: review of international research (pdf)

added 03/02/2012
Melanie Brown

This literature review presents an overview of the international research and best practice literature on family violence risk assessment from over the last decade. It was undertaken for the New Zealand Police to inform any changes they may wish to make to their own family violence risk assessment processes. For that reason it has an emphasis on the literature as it relates to Police organizations, rather than other sectors such as healthcare providers who also have a role in family violence risk assessment.

Farsi Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 06/30/2010

Farsi translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. It locates a range of abuses and abusers in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration.

Findings About Partner Violence From the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study (pdf)

added 10/08/2001
Terri E. Moffitt and Avshalom Caspi

July 1999. This NIJ Research in Brief examines the continual nature of antisocial behavior from adolescence through adulthood in an attempt to explain partner violence. Results are derived from a longitudinal study of a birth cohort from Dunedin, New Zealand, conducted over the past 21 years. Among the findings discussed are that partner violence can be linked to a variety of mental illnesses, family adversity, lack of schooling, and conviction of various crimes.

Other formats: plaintext

Fourth National Incidence Study of Child Abuse and Neglect (NIS-4) (pdf)

added 03/07/2010

"The NIS is a congressionally mandated, periodic research effort to assess the incidence of child abuse and neglect in the United States. The NIS gathers information from multiple sources to estimate the number of children who are abused or neglected, providing information about the nature and severity of the maltreatment, the characteristics of the children, perpetrators, and families, and the extent of changes in the incidence or distribution of child maltreatment since the time of the last national incidence study."

Girls Count: A Global Investment & Action Agenda (pdf)

added 04/07/2010
Ruth Levine, Cynthia Lloyd, Margaret Greene, and Caren Grown, Center for Global Development

"This report describes why and how to initiate effective investments that will give adolescent girls in developing countries a full and equal chance for rewarding lives and livelihoods."

Hate, Violence, and Death on Main Street USA: A report on Hate Crimes and Violence Against People Experiencing Homelessness 2008 (pdf)

added 08/21/2009

A new report from the National Coalition for the Homeless (NCH) contains case descriptions of each attack that includes sexual assault. The report notes that because crimes committed against homeless persons often go unreported, the actual numbers of non-lethal attacks is likely much higher. Rapes and sexual assaults also tend to go unreported. The report recommends that state legislatures add homeless persons as a “protected class” to hate crime legislation, and encourages police trainings so law enforcement officers will better understand homelessness and how to prevent hate crimes.

HIV Positive Women Report More Partner Violence (pdf)

added 02/19/2003
Suzanne Maman, PhD, Jessie K. Mbwambo, MD, Nora M. Hogan, PsyD, Gad P. Kilonzo, MBChB, MMed, FRCP(C), Jacquelyn C. Campbell, PhD, RN,

The paper examines violence as a risk factor for HIV infection that must be addressed through multilevel prevention approaches.

Honor Killings: An Islamic Perspective

added 10/08/2001

Discussion of honor killings how the prevailing view that devalues and belittles women is derived from sociocultural factors that are justified by a distorted and erroneous interpretation of religion, especially of Islam.

Human Rights Dialogue: Violence Against Women (pdf)

added 12/18/2003
Carnegie Council on Ethics and International Affairs

This special edition of the magazine explores how women's advocates are challenging the public/private divide, the cultural and religious objections to granting women's rights, and the common blindness to linkages between violence against women and the deprivation of other rights, specifically economic and social rights.

Immigrant South Asian Women at Greater Risk for Injury From Intimate Partner Violence (pdf)

added 07/21/2008
Anita Raj, PhD, and Jay G. Silverman, PhD

"Factors related to immigration may place South Asian immigrant women at increased risk for intimate partner violence. The purpose of the current study was to assess the relations between immigration-related factors and intimate partner violence among a sample of South Asian women residing in the United States."

Immigrant Women and Domestic Violence

added 06/14/2009
Legal Momentum, National Network to End Violence Against Immigrant Women, ASISTA, and Family Violence Prevention Fund

This special collection highlights the common experiences of immigrant women who are in abusive relationships, the legal protections and public benefits available, and practices and suggestions for increasing the effectiveness of services provided to immigrant women.

Indigenous perpetrators of violence: Prevalence and risk factors for offending (pdf)

added 05/28/2010
Joy Wundersitz

"This report presents results of research into victimisation of, and offending by, Indigenous people. The report draws attention to the need to investigate the specifics of different forms of violent offending, the relationship between victims and offenders and the location and nature of different community settings."

Interpersonal violence and alcohol (pdf)

added 03/27/2010

This report by the World Health Organization presents research on the relation between alcohol and violence. It suggests that alcohol is a situational determinant which increases the risk of most types of violence. Hazardous and harmful use of alcohol has also been shown to be an important consequence of experiencing or witnessing most forms of violence, but especially child maltreatment and intimate partner violence.

Intersecting Inequalities: Immigrant Women of Colour, Violence and Health Care (pdf)

added 09/10/2003
Yasmin Jiwani, Ph.D.

This report focuses on racialized immigrant women who have experienced intimate violence and their access to the health care system. The paper reviews current literature and identifies key variables that contribute to immigrant women's vulnerability to violence and lack of access to health care. The response of health care service providers is also examined.

Intersection of Child Abuse and Children's Exposure to Domestic Violence

added 09/19/2008
Todd I. Herrenkohl, Cynthia Sousa, Emiko A. Tajima, Roy C. Herrenkohl, Carrie A. Moylan

"This review addresses research on the overlap in physical child abuse and domestic violence, the prediction of child outcomes, and resilience in children exposed to family violence."

Intimate Partner Homicide (pdf)

added 02/02/2004
Margaret A. Zahn, for NIJ

This issue of the NIJ Journal focuses on a single important topic—homicides committed by the victim’s spouse or other intimate partner. Women are most likely to be the victim in these cases of intimate partner homicide. An overview on page 2 reflects the range of ideas the authors discuss, from aspects of the problem (such as risk factors and the effect of alcohol abuse) to possible steps toward reducing the number of incidents (such as the effectiveness of domestic violence services and the use of fatality reviews). The articles shed new light on a type of crime that continues to have serious social consequences and to present challenges to law enforcement and health providers.

Intimate Partner Homicide Prevention

added 07/20/2011

This Special Collection explores the most tragic consequence of domestic violence and offers a variety of tools and information towards its prevention. The collection outlines the scope of the problem, provides tools and strategies for assessing danger, resources and much more.
This resource was developed by VAWnet and the National Resource Center on Domestic Violence, with contributions from the Battered Women’s Justice Project, Washington State Coalition Against Domestic Violence, Florida Coalition Against Domestic Violence, and Pennsylvania Coalition Against Domestic Violence.

Intimate Partner Violence in China: National Prevalence, Risk Factors and Associated Health Problems

added 01/20/2005
William L. Parish, Tianfu Wang, Edward O. Laumann, Suiming Pan and Ye Luo

This paper presents the country’s first national estimates of domestic violence. The authors find that sexual jealousy, alcohol consumption, low female contribution to the household income and low socioeconomic status are among a range of factors that make violence more likely.

Intimate Partner Violence in Disadvantaged Neighborhoods (pdf)

added 10/07/2004

This article discusses who is most at risk and details the role that economic policies and employment practices might play in reducing the risk of intimate violence.

Intimate Partner Violence in Immigrant and Refugee Communities: Challenges, Promising Practices and Recommendations (pdf)

added 05/20/2009
Futures Without Violence

"This document describes intimate partner violence (IPV) in immigrant and refugee communities in the United States. The report contains four main sections: background information on the incidence of the problem among immigrant and refugee communities, an overview of the needs and challenges of immigrant and refugee IPV victims and service providers, recommendations for funders, service providers and policy-makers, and lastly a discussion of IPV research and evaluation issues to be addressed in immigrant and refugee communities."

Just Die Quietly: Domestic Violence and Women's Vulnerability to HIV in Uganda (pdf)

added 10/01/2003

The accounts in this report reveal that Ugandan women are becoming infected with HIV, and will eventually die of AIDS, because the state is failing to protect them from domestic violence. The report informs us that HIV/AIDS programs focusing on fidelity, abstinence, and condom use do not account for the ways in which domestic violence inhibits women's control over sexual matters in marriage. The report urges the Ugandan government to enact domestic violence legislation, and to make women's health, physical integrity, and equal rights in marriage a central focus of AIDS programming.

Korean Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Korean translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence

added 04/23/2010

"The Lifetime Spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Other formats: pdf

Male Reproductive Control of Women Who Have Experienced Intimate Partner Violence in the United States (pdf)

added 05/18/2010
Ann M. Moore, Lori Frohwirth, and Elizabeth Miller

"A study conducted through in-depth interviews with 71 women aged 18-49 who had a history of intimate partner violence. Findings include male reproductive control which encompasses pregnancy-promoting behaviors as well as control and abuse during pregnancy in an attempt to influence the pregnancy outcome. Recommendations include assessing for male reproductive control among women seeking reproductive health services, including antenatal care, so that health care providers may be able to provide education, care, and counseling to help women protect their reproductive health and physical safety."

Mobilizing Religious Communities to Respond to Gender-based Violence and HIV: A Training Manual (pdf)

added 04/14/2010

The first in a series of two manuals aimed at raising awareness and educating religious leaders and communities about gender-based violence. The training manual equips religious communities with tools to deepen their awareness and understanding of gender-based violence and its link to HIV and proposes faith-based activities on the subject.

Multi-Agency Practice Guidelines: Handling Cases of Forced Marriage (pdf)

added 08/15/2009
United Kingdom's Forced Marriage Unit

"This report lists warning signs and appropriate actions for teachers and other school employees to take when they suspect a forced marriage of a child is imminent. The report also contains guidelines for police officers, health care professionals, and social workers, and provides general information on good practices when caring for victims of forced marriage."

Myths and Facts about Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 06/23/2010

This document lists some common myths about the nature and causes of domestic violence.

National Elder Abuse Incidence Study - 1998 (pdf)

added 02/10/2006

The first report of its kind in the U.S., this incidence report details the definitions of elder abuse, the characteristics of victims and perpetrators of elder abuse, and the findings of this survey project.

New York City Domestic Violence Fatality Review Committee Annual Report 2008 (pdf)

added 10/07/2009

This report describes family-related homicides that occurred in New York City between 2002 and 2007. Includes key findings, risk factors, and action steps in response to findings.

Non-fatal strangulation is an important risk factor for homicide of women

added 08/20/2012
Glass N, Laughon K, Campbell J, Block CB, Hanson G, Sharps PW, Taliaferro E

The purpose of the study is to examine non-fatal strangulation by an intimate partner as a risk factor for major assault, or attempted or completed homicide of women. The results show non-fatal strangulation as an important risk factor for homicide of women, underscoring the need to screen for non-fatal strangulation when assessing abused women in emergency department settings.

Overcoming Domestic Violence: A Global Challenge (pdf)

added 02/25/2009
Una Hombrecher, ethnologist, Head of the International Project “Overcoming Domestic Violence”

"The project is part of the World Council of Churches' decade on Overcoming Violence. The report contains seven chapters, beginning with the author’s recommendations from the project. The rest of the chapters place domestic violence within an international human rights framework, discuss domestic violence’s roots, its effects on development, relevant international law milestones, practical strategies culled from project experiences around the world, and the importance of monitoring development projects to ensure women’s full participation."

Poised for Prevention: Advancing Promising Approaches to Primary Prevention of Intimate Partner Violence

added 09/25/2009

"This report includes a discussion of primary prevention of intimate partner violence, promising approaches to environmental/norms change, an examination of IPV primary prevention within immigrant communities, recommended actions to building momentum for primary prevention of IPV, and immediate next steps. The report is designed as a catalyst and call to action, to give a sense of direction and raise some issues for consideration."

Police Family Violence Fact Sheet

added 08/11/2008
Feminist Majority Foundation's National Center for Women and Policing (December 1997)

"Highlights statistics of Police Officers' personal (not-job related) involvement in domestic violence situations. The fact sheet mentions several studies have found that 40% of police officer families experience domestic violence."

Practical Implications of Current Domestic Violence Research Part I: Law Enforcement (pdf)

added 04/30/2008
Andrew Klein

The author discusses the problem of domestic violence and the issues that emerge among law enforcement. This document also reviews the characteristics of many perpetrators and the victims they choose. Be sure to check out parts 2 & 3 which are linked from MINCAVA as well.

Predictable, Preventable: Best Practices for Addressing Interpersonal and Self-Directed Violence During and After Disasters (pdf)

added 06/01/2012
Canadian Red Cross & the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

This report highlights why and how interpersonal and self-directed violence during and after disasters is a predictable and preventable problem and the actions the International Federation and its partner agencies should take to have a more engaged role in addressing the problem. Canadian Red Cross & the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

Pregnancy and Domestic Violence: A Review of the Literature (pdf)

added 09/17/2012
Jana L. Jasinski

Pregnancy-related violence is a serious public health issue. Although there is a growing body of research on this subject, there are still many unanswered questions regarding the prevalence of this type of victimization, the risk factors, and the consequences. The purpose of this literature review is to organize and synthesize the interdisciplinary empirical research on pregnancy-related violence and to provide direction for both researchers and practitioners for future work in this area.

Prevalence and Predictors of Physical Partner Abuse Among Mexican American Women (pdf)

added 07/21/2008
E. Anne Lown, DrPH, and William A. Vega, PhD

"This study determined the lifetime prevalence of physical abuse by a current partner among women of Mexican origin and assessed factors associated with abuse."

Prevalence of Intimate Partner Violence Against Women in Regions of Brazil (pdf)

added 07/13/2010
Schraiber, D'Oliveira, Diniz, Portella, Ludermir, Valença, & Couto

"This article analyzes the results from the 'WHO Multi-country Study on Women’s Health and Domestic Violence,' on the prevalence of intimate partner violence against women in Brazil."

Preventing violence and reducing its impact: How development agencies can help (pdf)

added 09/09/2009

This document makes the case for increased attention on the impact of violence on development by international development agencies. A key aim is to stimulate dialogue on the role of international development agencies in the prevention of violence globally, and ultimately to increase investment in a commonly agreed set of applied violence prevention strategies. The primary audience for this document is policy-makers, high-level planners, and others in the international development field.

Primary Prevention and Adult Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 11/10/2003
Jeffrey L. Edleson

This paper briefly examines the available research and practice literature on frameworks for understanding domestic violence, risk and protective factors for adult domestic violence, and the few efforts geared toward primary prevention in this domain. It mentions secondary and tertiary prevention efforts in this field but does not review them. It ends by pointing to program and policy directions for future primary prevention efforts.

Progress of the World's Women 2002, Volume 2: Gender Equality and the Millennium Development Goals

added 04/07/2009
Diane Elson (University of Essex) Hanke Keklik (UNIFEM)

This is the second edition of a biennial publication to track and measure the world's commitment to gender equality. It examines progress for women, or the lack of it, in education, literacy, non-agricultural wage employment and parliamentary representation.

Promising Practices with Men Who Batter (pdf)

added 01/15/2010

In this report to the King County Domestic Violence Council, the author provides a literature review of promising practices with men who batter, ranging from historical to current approaches. Key research findings on batterer intervention programs(BIP) are provided, including current concerns with BIPs. Finally, current gaps in services are identified and recommendations are given.

Providing Services to Immigrant Women in Atlantic Canada (pdf)

added 11/11/2008

"This article describes some of the findings of research conducted in 2005 and 2006, which found that being an immigrant was a factor not only in immigrant women’s experiences of violence in Atlantic Canada, but also in their access to support services. Immigrant women and the professionals who provide services to them describe some of the barriers they face and conclude that fully funded and coordinated prevention and intervention programs and services to immigrant women are needed in Atlantic Canada."

Psychological Abuse: A Discussion Paper (pdf)

added 05/27/2009
Deborah Doherty and Dorothy Berglund

"This paper is a review of research on psychological abuse in interpersonal and family relationships including in settings such as long-term care residences.The paper presents research findings on the personal, economic and health related costs of psychological abuse to the individual and to society, and briefly outlines legal recourses for victims. It concludes by exploring ways to recognize and address psychological abuse, while emphasizing the importance of developing holistic approaches "

Punjabi Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/23/2010

"Punjabi translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Scope of the Problem: Domestic Violence in Asian, Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander Homes (pdf)

added 08/23/2010

This document provides information on the prevalence rates of domestic violence in the API communities, unique dynamics in families, socio-cultural barriers in getting help, and highlights the need for ethnic diversity and culturally competent programs.

Security Begins at Home (pdf)

added 02/25/2009

The Kosova Women’s Network released the country’s first study on domestic violence, called Security Begins at Home. The report highlights key points such as: what the citizens of Kosovo perceive as domestic violence, the forms and consequences of domestic violence, citizens' response to ending it, and the legal and institutional gaps in addressing it.

Sexual Violence against Asian, Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander Women (pdf)

added 08/23/2010

This document provides guidelines for advocates on various points of intersection of domestic and sexual violence in the API communities.

Shattered Hearts: The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of American Indian Women and Girls in Minnesota (pdf)

added 10/18/2009

A groundbreaking report released by the Minnesota Indian Women’s Resource Center (MIWRC) highlights the alarming and pervasive sex trafficking of American Indian women and girls in Minnesota. The first comprehensive report of its kind, it highlights risk factors for victims that include poverty, a disproportionate number of American Indian homeless, high incidences of overall sexual assault, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and pervasive multi-generational trauma.

Shattered Lives: Homicides, Domestic Violence and Asian Families (pdf)

added 06/29/2010
Chic Dabby, Hetana Patel and Grace Poore

This report focuses on domestic violence related homicides as a critical issue affecting Asian, Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander battered women since 2001. Types of domestic violence related homicides, children as victims, and perpetrator types are discussed. Findings and recommendations are also provided.

Silence is Violence: End the Abuse of Women in Afghanistan (pdf)

added 07/29/2009

A new United Nations (UN) report on women in Afghanistan that focuses on the growing trend of violence and threats against women in public life and rape/sexual violence. The report concludes that these forms of violence are a huge occurrence in the everyday lives of Afghan women and the government has a crucial role in helping to eradicate these harmful practices towards women.

Social Worker's Practice Guide to Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 07/06/2010

A guide created by the Department of Social and Health Services, for social workers working with domestic violence issues in the state of Washington. Includes information on how social workers should work with victims and perpetrators, child assessment of exposure to violence, as well as legal and policy issues in the state.

Status of Girls in Minnesota

added 05/25/2010
Women’s Foundation of Minnesota and the Institute for Women’s Policy Research

"This 2008 report provides detailed information on the status of girls in Minnesota. It also serves as a tool for advocates, researchers, and policy makers in developing a set of interventions that will ensure girls’ economic, social, and political equality in the state. "

Substance Abuse and Intimate Partner Violence

added 06/11/2008
Larry Bennett and Patricia Bland

This paper discusses the link between substance abuse(SA) and intimate partner violence(IPV), the co-occurrence of SA and IPV, highlight the special role of men’s drunkenness in IPV, examine substance abuse by victims, and briefly present issues related to coordination and integration of SA and IPV services.

Surveillance for Violent Deaths -- National Violent Death Reporting System, 16 States, 2005

added 04/08/2009

"This report summarizes data from CDC's National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) regarding violent deaths from 16 U.S. states for 2005. Results are reported by sex, age group, race/ethnicity, marital status, location of injury, method of injury, circumstances of injury, and other selected characteristics."

Tagalog Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Tagalog translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Technological Safety for Domestic Violence Survivors

added 05/27/2009

"Technological tools such as phones, computers, and searchable databases are being used to monitor, harass, and threaten current or former intimate partners. This forum will explore the safety risks and benefits of technology and cover areas of confidentiality, co-location, and data sharing. The host for this forum is Anzala Alozie. Anzala is the Director of Services at the New York State Coalition Against Domestic Violence and provides management of the statewide Domestic & Sexual Violence Hotline, Women of Color Leadership, Economic Justice, Technology Safety, and Training projects."

Technology and Teen Dating Violence (pdf)

added 03/17/2010

This issue brief explains the ways technology can be used as tools of abuse. It offers tips to providers working on safety planning with teens experiencing abuse.

Teen Dating Violence: A Review of Risk Factors and Prevention Efforts (pdf)

added 12/15/2005
Maura O'Keefe

This article provides a critical review of the dating violence literature with respect to potential risk factors for both perpetrators and victims and examines the empirical research regarding the effectiveness of prevention and intervention programs targeting teen dating violence. The document also provides recommendations for future research and potential policy implications.

Other formats: html

The "Battering Syndrome": Prevalence and Clinical Characteristics of Domestic Violence in Primary Care Internal Medicine Practices

added 08/18/2008
Jeanne McCauley, MD; David E. Kern, MD, MPH; Ken Kolodner, ScD; Laurie Dill, MD; Arthur F. Schroeder, MD; Hallie K. DeChant, MD; Janice Ryden, MD; Eric B. Bass, MD, MPH; and Len R. Derogatis, PhD

The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of domestic violence among female patients and to identify clinical characteristics that are associated with current domestic violence.

The Facts On Teen Dating Violence (pdf)

added 03/04/2009

A fact sheet created by Futures Without Violence on the prevalence and consequences of teen dating violence.

The Impact of Conflict on Women and Girls in West and Central Africa and the UNICEF response (pdf)

added 03/13/2009

"This first-of-its-kind study by UNICEF on the situation of war-affected girls and women in the region highlights innovative programmes being implemented with partners to address the impact of conflict, and recommends how UNICEF can more proactively champion the rights of girls - particularly adolescent girls."

The prevalence of child abuse and neglect

added 05/28/2010
Rhys Price-Robertson, Leah Bromfield and Suzanne Vassallo

"A resource sheet that summarizes the current knowledge about the prevalence of child abuse and neglect in Australia. It provides an overview of Australian studies that have estimated the prevalence of the different forms of child maltreatment."

The State of the World's Children 2009 Report

added 03/13/2009

"The State of the World's Children 2009 examines critical issues in maternal and newborn health, underscoring the need to establish a comprehensive continuum of care for mothers, newborns and children. The report outlines the latest paradigms in health programming and policies for mothers and newborns, and explores policies, programmes and partnerships aimed at improving maternal and neonatal health. Africa and Asia are a key focus for this report, which complements the previous year's issue on child survival."

The Structured Decision Making Model: An Evidence-based Approach to Human Services

added 03/27/2009

Structured Decision Making (SDM) is an evidence-based model designed to help agencies and caseworkers make accurate risk assessments about families and children. A new guide from the Children's Research Center (CRC), a division of the National Council on Crime and Delinquency, reviews the principles of the SDM model and provides updated information on its use in jurisdictions around the country.

Third Milestones of a Global Campaign for Violence Prevention Report 2007 (pdf)

added 08/20/2007
World Health Organization

"By 2007, three of the six WHO regional committees had adopted violence prevention resolutions, more than 25 countries had developed reports and/or plans of action on violence and health, and more than 100 officially appointed health ministry focal persons were in place to prevent violence, the report finds.The report offers a five year agenda to follow-up on key recommendations."

Two steps forward, one step back: Community attitudes to violence against women

added 07/31/2008
Victorian Health Promotion Foundation (VicHealth) (2006)

"Summarizes key findings of the Violence Against Women Community Attitudes Project, undertaken to inform future work to prevent violence against women by improving understanding of how community attitudes contribute to this problem."

UN study on Violence Against Children

added 03/13/2009

"A press release on a new effort to provide a detailed global picture of the nature, extent and causes of violence against children, and propose clear recommendations for action to prevent and reduce such violence. The study focuses on violence against children in five settings: the home and family, schools and educational settings, other institutional settings (orphanages, children in conflict with the law), the community and on the streets, and work situations. "

Using It or Losing It: Men's Construction of Their Violence Towards Their Female Partners

added 03/25/2003
Kerrie James, Beth Seddon and Jac Brown

This research used a qualitative methodology to explore, in depth, (1) the way in which men use violence in their intimate relationships, and (2) understand the experience of violence.

VAWnet Mini-Special Collection: Supporting the Women of Haiti

added 04/07/2010

"This collection includes initiatives supporting relief efforts in Haiti, especially those focused on delivering aid to women and responding to those at higher risk for sexual and/or domestic violence."

VAWNet Special Collections: Disaster and Emergency Preparedness and Response

added 06/10/2011

This collection highlights the disproportionate vulnerability of women and children to domestic and sexual violence in disaster and emergency situations. Included in this collection are selected materials and resources -- many gender-informed -- that can be used by domestic and sexual violence organizations to increase their preparedness for and response to major disasters and emergencies. Also included is information developed for victims/survivors of domestic and sexual violence who are concurrently coping with trauma and stress after a natural disaster or major crisis. Special attention has been given to the issues faced by children in these situations.

Vietnamese Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 06/29/2010

Vietnamese translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence.

Violence & HIV/AIDS: Violence Against Women and Girls as a Cause and Consequence of HIV/AIDS (pdf)

added 01/18/2011
Shirley Kohsin Wang

This report examines the relationship between gender violence and women’s vulnerability to HIV/AIDS. According to the report, women are disproportionately affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. They are 1.6 times more likely to contract the virus than men. The report states that violence against women is both a cause and consequence of women living with AIDS.

Violence Against Immigrant Women: The Roles of Culture, Context, and Legal Immigrant Status on Intimate Partner Violence

added 08/19/2008
Anita Raj and Jay Silverman

"Intimate partner violence against immigrant women is at epidemic proportions, but research has only recently begun to address the concern. A review of the legal, medical, and social science research literature reveals little data, but that which exist demonstrate that immigrant women's cultures, contexts, and legal status (a) increase vulnerability for abuse, (b) are used by batterers to control and abuse immigrant women, and (c) create barriers to women seeking and receiving help. Data also reveal that immigrant culture and context offer resiliency factors through which programs and policy can be used to better serve these populations."

Violence Against Women and Girls: A Compendium of Monitoring and Evaluation Indicators (pdf)

added 04/30/2010
Shelah S. Bloom

"This compendium offers a set of monitoring and evaluation indicators for program managers, organizations, and policy makers working to address violence against women and girls at individual, community, district and national levels in developing countries."

Violence Against Women: Classic Papers

added 08/21/2009
Raquel Kennedy Bergen, Jeffrey L. Edleson and Claire M. Renzetti

The purpose of this project was to assemble some of the classic works in the field of violence against women so that new generations of students, practitioners, and researchers would have a collective understanding of the work that has shaped the field. Included are commentaries from the original authors, when available, reflecting on why they authored the work when they did and the influence of their work on the field.

Violence Against Women: Identifying Risk Factors (pdf)

added 02/24/2004
National Institute of Justice

This NIJ Research in Brief combines the results taken from two studies, one of which followed college women and men for 4 years, and the other, which followed low-income, mostly black women who had been victims of childhood sexual abuse. Each study found that child sexual abuse alone was a risk factor only when combined with adolescent sexual abuse. Although each study examined a narrowly defined population, taken together, both studies came to remarkably similar conclusions.

Violence in the Lives of Children (pdf)

added 04/01/2009
Brett V. Brown, Ph.D, and Sharon Bzostek, Child Trends

"This data brief from Child Trends reviews data on the types of violence experienced by U.S. children, including exposure to violence through media to abuse by parents and peers. Differences by age, gender, and race/ethnicity are discussed along with priorities for filling gaps in the data that is available on this topic."

Visibility Through Data: Health Information for Urban American Indian and Alaska Native Communities (pdf)

added 07/06/2010

"This report summarizes information for providers working toward improving the health and well-being of urban American Indian and Alaska Native communities and is a resource that highlights specific health issues facing this population. "

When Violence Hits Home: How Economics and Neighborhood Play a Role (pdf)

added 07/21/2006
National Institute of Justics

The study reveals that the incidence of violence in the home is exacerbated by economic factors apart from the characteristics of the individuals involved. Researchers found that economic problems or distresses such as losing one’s job and specific circumstances such as the length of a relationship interact with the kind of community in which people live to influence the offenders and victims of intimate violence. The study sheds light on the connections between intimate violence and personal and economic well-being and on how the type of neighborhood in which women live may influence them to stay in or leave abusive relationships.

WHO Multi-country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence – Country Findings: Brazil

added 07/13/2010

"This fact sheet provides information on the methods and main findings of the study, with regard to the phenomenon of intimate partner violence against women in Brazil. Data on sexual abuse and non-partner physical and sexual violence is also included."

Why Does Abuse Happen in Later Life?

added 05/27/2009

"This forum explores the issue of elder abuse and is hosted by Diana Christen, Executive Director of the Family Life Center, a Certified Domestic/Sexual Violence Center and Emergency Shelter in Bunnell, Florida. Diana has specialized in the prevention of domestic/sexual violence for over 10 years."

Why strangulation should not be minimized (pdf)

added 08/20/2012
Marna Anderson

From the Spring 2009 issue of Watch Post, this article explains how in 2005 Minnesota became one of just six states (now 10) with a statute making strangulation of a family or household member a felony-level crime. The article goes on to explain the initial and continuing impact of the law on victim safety as well as recommendations for further work.

Widening Our Lens (pdf)

added 06/25/2010

"This brochure presents a comprehensive strategy to address the impact of child maltreatment, interpersonal, and family violence on youth."

Women and Health: Today’s Evidence, Tomorrow’s Agenda (pdf)

added 04/30/2010

"This report reviews evidence on the health issues that particularly affect girls and women throughout their life course. This report uses currently available data to draw attention to the consequences and costs of failing to address health issues at appropriate points in their lives."

Women in Mongolia: Mapping Progress under Transition

added 04/07/2009
Nalini Burn, Oyuntsetseg Oidov, UNIFEM

This publication tells of Mongolian women's experiences in the context of the political and economic transformation of their country. It shares reports of women encouraged to bear many children, inadequate health care or resources, and high rates of maternal mortality. Recommendations informed through case studies are presented for improving their social and economic status and increasing their political participation.

Women in the Wake of the Storm: Examining the Post-Katrina Realities of the Women of New Orleans and the Gulf Coast

added 12/12/2007
Avis A. Jones-DeWeever, Ph.D.

This report shares findings garnered from a series of interviews held with a diverse group of women from throughout the Gulf region. In telling their stories, it provides an analysis of women's increased vulnerability during times of natural disasters and lays out policy recommendations that pinpoint how best to address those needs in the wake of this disaster, and in anticipation of the next.

Women's Experiences of Abuse as a Risk Factor for Incarceration

added 11/01/2005

This VAWnet document describes how violence perpetrated against women and girls increases their risk of arrest and incarceration through the intersections of interpersonal and structural violence.

Other formats: pdf

Working with Young Men Who Batter: Current Strategies and New Directions

added 01/14/2002
Dean Peacock and Emily Rothman, MS

This article offers an overview of the recent juvenile batterer intervention programs. It identifies risk factors for teen dating violence perpetration as described by the literature and considers the utility of these findings, describes efforts to prevent re-offenses by juvenile perpetrators of domestic violence, discusses several shortcomings inherent in post-crisis intervention, and outlines current challenges within the field.

Other formats: pdf

Youth Exposed to Domestic Violence: A Handbook for the Juvenile Justice System to Enhance Assessment and Intervention Strategies for Youth from Violent Homes (pdf)

added 05/12/2004
London Family Court Clinic

This handbook contains information that will help you learn about: domestic violence and its impact on adolescents; evaluating risk and safety planning for victims of domestic violence; coordinated justice responses to domestic violence and the role of juvenile custody programs and probation; risk assessment and reduction with adolescent perpetrators of intimate partner and family violence; promising practices for adolescent perpetrators of intimate partner and family violence; and resources on domestic violence for adolescent victims and perpetrators.