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Adolescents

15 Years of the United Nations Rapporteur on Violence against Women, Its Causes and Consequences (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

This report reviews the status of violence against women as researched in 14 annual reports, 32 country mission reports, and 11 communication reports published as recently as December 2008. The report focuses on reproductive health and rights, poverty, migration, internally displaced persons (IDPs), women refugees, trafficking, aging, and adolescent girls. It also highlights how the mandate on violence against women has changed, what has been learned, and problems still to be addressed.

A Development Approach to Working with Teen Victims (pdf)

added 03/17/2010
Mitru Ciarlante, National Center for Victims of Crime

This issue brief discusses the need for service providers to understand adolescent development in order to effectively provide interventions for teen victims of abuse.

A Guide to Addressing Teen Dating Violence and Sexual Assault in a School Setting (pdf)

added 06/11/2008
Peace Over Violence with assistance from the California Women's Law Center for the Crime and Violence Prevention Center, California Attorney General's Office (February 2008)

"This guide details schools' responsibility to take a leadership role to prevent and respond to teen dating and sexual violence in schools and in the community. While the information is specific to California, much can be applied nationally."

Addressing Gender-based Violence: UNFPA Strategy and Framework for Action (pdf)

added 03/11/2009

This report, grounded in UNFPA's overarching goal of eliminating violence against women and girls, identifies particular areas where action is most urgently needed and proposes general policy frameworks for combating gender-based violence.

Balancing Obligations: Serving Teen Victims and Mandated Reporting of Statutory Rape (pdf)

added 03/17/2010

This issue brief addresses the importance of preserving confidentiality while working with teen victims of abuse, at the same time fulfilling the service provider's legal duties.

Child Protection Information Sheets (pdf)

added 03/18/2009

"This booklet comprises 14 information sheets which highlight how child protection is crucial to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. Covering different forms of abuse, these sheets also outline how to build a protective environment for children and what UNICEF is doing on the ground to protect children."

Child Sexual Abuse: Child Survivors, Mothers, and Perpetrators Tell Their Stories (pdf)

added 01/14/2009
Jane Gilgun, Ph.D., LICSW and Alankaar Sharma, MSW

This book is full of hard-to-find information about child sexual abuse and is based on interviews with children, mothers, and perpetrators. Through these interviews, questions many people have surrounding this issue are answered. This book reveals how our culture gangs up on child victims to the benefit of perpetrators.

Children’s and Adolescents’ Participation and Protection from Sexual Abuse and Exploitation (pdf)

added 06/08/2010
Clare Feinstein and Claire O’Kane

"A paper reviewing government commitments to strengthen participation by children and adolescents to protect them from sexual abuse and exploitation. The paper provides recommendations for further research, policy development, and programming to support advocacy and practice with and by children and adolescents. "

Chinese Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Chinese translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Coerced First Intercourse and Reproductive Health Among Adolescent Women in Rakai, Uganda

added 01/20/2005
Michael A. Koenig, Iryna Zablotska, Tom Lutalo, Fred Nalugoda, Jennifer Wagman and Ron Gray

This paper addresses linkages between coerced first sex and selected reproductive health behaviors and outcomes in a sample of 575 sexually experienced adolescent women in rural Uganda.

Conceptualizing Juvenile Prostitution as Child Maltreatment: Findings from the National Juvenile Prostitution Study (pdf)

added 08/11/2010
Kimberly J. Mitchell, David Finkelhor and Janis Wolak

"Two studies were conducted to identify the incidence (Study 1) and characteristics (Study 2) of juvenile prostitution cases known to law enforcement agencies in the United States. Findings indicate law enforcement responses to juvenile prostitution are influential in determining whether such youth are viewed as victims of commercial sexual exploitation or as delinquents."

Creating Safe Environments: Violence Prevention Strategies and Programs

added 08/09/2006
Patti Culross, Larry Cohen, Ashby Wolfe , and Joanne Ruby

This document addresses the increased need for specific primary prevention programs of various types of violence. Gang-violence, Sexual Violence, Adolescent and Adult Intimate Partner Violence, as well as others are addressed. Specific examples of promising programs and practices currently in existence throughout the United States are detailed.

Other formats: pdf

Debunking the Myths in the US Global AIDS Strategy: An Evidence Based Analysis (pdf)

added 06/28/2004

This evidence based research document criticizes assumptions that American global strategies on AIDS stand on and describes how such assumptions harm women and girls.

Domestic Violence Against Women and Girls

added 06/11/2008
UNICEF, Innocenti Research Centre (May 2000)

"Highlights issues of abuse; femicide; forced prostitution; sexual abuse of children; sex-selective abortion, female infanticide and differential access to food and medical care; and, traditional and cultural practices that affect women's health and lives."

Don't Turn Your Back On Girls: Sexual Violence Against Girls In Haiti (pdf)

added 02/25/2009

A comprehensive report on sexual violence against girls in Haiti released by Amnesty International in late November of 2008. Over half of the 105 rapes reported in Haiti by the end of November were committed against girls under the age of 18, according to one of the few organizations in the country which collect rape statistics. The report includes findings on rape as a political weapon, the role of discrimination and poverty, and the state’s response.

Eliminating Violence against Children (pdf)

added 03/13/2009
Inter-Parliamentary Union and UNICEF

"Jointly produced by UNICEF and the Inter-Parliamentary Union, this handbook describes measures parliamentarians can take to end violence against children: they can legislate, oversee government activities, allocate financial resources and, as leaders in their nations and communities, raise awareness of issues."

Farsi Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 06/30/2010

Farsi translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. It locates a range of abuses and abusers in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration.

Female Genital Cutting FAQ

added 07/30/2009

Compiled by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, this page offers answers to frequently asked questions on female genital cutting, the origin of its practices, current laws, and links to finding more information on the topic.

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: Data and Trends (pdf)

added 02/20/2009

The Population Reference Bureau estimates that between 100 and 140 million girls and women worldwide have undergone female genital mutilation (FGM) and more than 3 million girls are at risk for cutting each year on the African continent alone. Global and national efforts to end FGM and cutting have supported legislation targeting excisors, medical professionals, and families who perpetuate the practice, but political will and implementation remain an issue.

Girls Count: A Global Investment & Action Agenda (pdf)

added 04/07/2010
Ruth Levine, Cynthia Lloyd, Margaret Greene, and Caren Grown, Center for Global Development

"This report describes why and how to initiate effective investments that will give adolescent girls in developing countries a full and equal chance for rewarding lives and livelihoods."

Guatemala’s Femicide Law: Progress Against Impunity? (pdf)

added 08/29/2009

This report places femicide within a particular historical, cultural and socio-political context describing the 36-year internal conflict that resulted in rape, torture and murder of tens of thousands of Guatemalan women and girls. Although the government has made some progress in implementing some aspects of the Law Against Femicide, the report also points out that the lack of understanding of the law, continued social unrest, poor media portrayal, and inadequate efforts to implement the law stand in the way of serious progress. The report concludes with recommendations for the government including improving investigation and prosecution of crimes of violence against women, and protection of the victims of violence and their children.

Homeless Youth and Sexual Exploitation: Research Findings and Practice Implications

added 03/27/2010

"This issue brief reviews research regarding the involvement of unaccompanied, homeless youth in various types of sexual exploitation including survival sex and recruitment into the commercial sex industry and recommends a series of programmatic responses to meet their needs."

If He is Raped: A Guidebook for Parents, Partners, Spouses, and Friends (pdf)

added 06/25/2010
Alan McEvoy, Debbie Rollo, and Jeff Brookings

"The focus of this book is on males who are raped by other males. It provides information about male rape and outlines the most important things you should know when confronted with an incident of male rape."

Juveniles Who Commit Sex Offenses Against Minors (pdf)

added 12/11/2009
David Finkelhor, Richard Ormrod, and Mark Chaffin

"This bulletin presents population-based epidemiological information about the characteristics of juvenile offenders who commit sex offenses against minors. The authors analyzed data from the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) and provided topical statistics highlighting the fact that juveniles account for more than one-third (35.6 percent) of this type of offender. Findings may support the development of research-based interventions and policies to reduce sexual assault and child molestation as perpetrated by juvenile offenders."

Korean Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Korean translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Make it Matter: 10 Key Advocacy Messages to Prevent HIV in Girls and Young Women (pdf)

added 04/16/2010
IPPF, UNFPA, Young Positives, Global Coalition on Women & AIDS

"The aim of this guide is to equip its users with key messages, evidence and actions that can be used to advocate effectively to prevent HIV in girls and young women. It focuses on three goals as a response to the epidemic: improving the accessibility of sexual and reproductive health services for girls and young women; expanding socio-economic opportunities; and ending child marriage."

Managing the Media Monster: The Influence of Media (from Television to Text Messages) on Teen Sexual Behavior and Attitudes (pdf)

added 02/04/2009
National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy with support from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

"This report examines how the media influences sexual knowledge, attitudes, and behavior, both positively and negatively. Topics include: (1) an overview of what is currently known about the effects of sexual content in the entertainment media young people typically use; (2) a review of 25 evaluated, peer-reviewed interventions from 19 countries on how effective media interventions have been in addressing adolescents' reproductive health and recommendations to consider when developing media interventions; and (3) a review of more than 20 media-based-interventions for sexual and reproductive health that have been conducted in the United States."

Media Savvy Youth: Challenging the Pop Culture Messages that Contribute to Sexual Violence (pdf)

added 06/03/2010

"This issue of 'Connections - A Biannual Publication of Washington Coalition of Sexual Assault Programs' shares insight from programs that are empowering youth to become media savvy by giving them the tools to be critical consumers and gain a voice around issues of sexual violence."

Myths and Facts About Sex Offenders (pdf)

added 07/30/2008
Center for Sex Offender Management (August 2000)

"This document contains important information on common assumptions, both true and false, about sex offenders and their victims."

Other formats: html

No One to Turn To: The Under-Reporting of Child Sexual Exploitation and Abuse by Aid Workers and Peacekeepers (pdf)

added 09/21/2010

No One to Turn To seeks to move the debate on and reinvigorate efforts to address the problem of the under-reporting of child sexual exploitation and abuse by aid workers and peacekeepers. Based on research with communities and international organizations, it examines the chronic under-reporting of abuse and the inadequate response to it. It provides new analysis on why this abuse persists despite international efforts to stop it, and proposes new solutions to tackle it.
Also available in French

On the Road to Equality: Statewide Findings & Policy Recommendations (pdf)

added 05/25/2010

"A supplement to the Status of Girls in Minnesota report by the Women’s Foundation of Minnesota in partnership with the Institute for Women’s Policy Research. Focus groups were conducted in 18 Minnesota communities that included African American, Latino, Native American, Asian American, LBT (Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender), and disabilities communities — to share key research findings and gain community input. This report captures the voices and policy recommendations of these communities, nonprofit and public leaders."

Physical Dating Violence Among High School Students - United States, 2003

added 06/19/2006

A surveillance report in brief of physical dating violence among high school students and selected characteristics.

Physical Dating Violence Among High School Students --- United States, 2003

added 07/21/2006
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

This article in brief addresses the incidence of physical dating violence among high school adolescents and introduces risk as well as protective factors.

Positively Informed: Lesson Plans and Guidance for Sexuality Educators and Advocates

added 02/28/2005
Andrea Irvin

A resource kit of lesson plans and guidance for comprehensive sexuality educators. Positively Informed provides a handpicked selection of some of the best English-language sexuality education materials out there. Intended to serve as a source of ideas, examples, and inspiration for educators developing their own sexuality education curricula, the lesson plans use creative, interactive, learner-centered teaching strategies, and are adaptable to diverse cultural settings. They address gender issues, challenge discriminatory attitudes and behaviors, and present sexuality as a positive part of life rather than something to be feared and shrouded in taboos. These lessons are appropriate for 10- to 19-year-olds and are classroom ready.

Punjabi Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/23/2010

"Punjabi translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Report Cards on Teen Dating Violence 2008 (pdf)

added 02/06/2008
Break the Cycle

Break the Cycle issued the first-ever state-by-state report cards evaluating the level of legal protection each state offers young victims of domestic and dating violence. The report was issued in conjunction with National Teen Dating Violence Awareness and Prevention Week, February 4-8, 2008.

Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Migrants (pdf)

added 08/15/2009
Jorge Bustamante

The author points out that female children are extremely vulnerable to gender-based violence during migration. Migration is often difficult and dangerous for female children due to “additional restrictions on travel” girls may face due to “male guardianships.” Female children are also vulnerable to human trafficking for sexual exploitation or forced labor during migration. The report concludes with recommendations for policy improvements on migration legislation.

Resources Addressing the Perpetration of Sexual Violence

added 12/06/2009

"This special collection provides resources that address the topics of sex offender risk, assessment, management, treatment, and supervision. In addition, there is a special focus on the policies that have been created in the past decade to help keep our communities safer."

Scared at School: Sexual Violence against Girls in South African Schools

added 03/05/2003

This report documents school-based sexual violence in South Africa; reviews school and state responses to sexual violence; explains the discriminatory impact on girls' education rights when the government does not respond adequately and effectively to gender-based violence; and sets forth recommendations to rectify these problems.

Sex Education for Physically, Emotionally, and Mentally Challenged Youth

added 11/18/2013

Healthy sexuality education is a key component of prevention and safety planning. Children and youth with disabilities can become more vulnerable to sex abuse when the adults around them do not believe that children with disabilities need sex education in the same way as children without disabilities.

Sexual Assault Risk Reduction Curriculum

added 08/07/2009
Ellen Hohenstein, M.A., Arline Kennedy, R.N

The curriculum was specifically developed to reduce the incidence of adolescent sexual assault through risk-reduction educational strategies. It is a powerful tool to assist school personnel, police, and community agency staff in their efforts to implement high-quality educational programs. The curriculum includes lessons for high school and middle school aged youth and can be used in either school or non-school settings.

Sexual Intercourse Among Adolescents Maltreated Before Age 12: A Prospective Investigation (pdf)

added 11/01/2009
Maureen M. Black, PhD, Sarah E. Oberlander, PhD, Terri Lewis, PhD, Elizabeth D. Knight, MSW, Adam J. Zolotor, MD, MPH, Alan J. Litrownik, PhD, Richard Thompson, PhD, Howard Dubowitz, MS, MD, Diana E. English, PhD

"This study found that maltreatment (regardless of type) predicts sexual intercourse by 14 and 16. Emotional distress explains the relationship by 14. By 16, other factors likely contribute to intercourse. Maltreated children are at risk for early initiation of sexual intercourse and sexually active adolescents should be evaluated for possible maltreatment."

Sexual Victimization in Juvenile Facilities Reported by Youth, 2008-09 (pdf)

added 02/03/2010
Allen J. Beck, Ph.D., Paige M. Harrison, and Paul Guerino

"The report provides national-level and facility-level estimates of sexual victimization by type of activity, including youth-on-youth sexual contact, staff sexual misconduct, and level of coercion. It also includes an analysis of the experience of sexual victimization, characteristics of youth most at risk to victimization, where the incidents occur, time of day, characteristics of perpetrators, and nature of the injuries."

Sexual Violence Against Women and Girls in War and Its Aftermath: Realities, Responses, and Required Resources (pdf)

added 07/21/2009
Jeanne Ward and Mendy Marsh, UNFPA

"This briefing paper was prepared for the Symposium on Sexual Violence in Conflict and Beyond, which took place in June 2006. It provides information on the nature and scope of the problem as well as evaluation of efforts to combat it."

Sexual Violence and Adolescents

added 08/06/2003
Holly Harner, R.N.C., Ph.D., M.P.H., S.A.N.E.

The paper offers a review of the current state of the science regarding sexual violence occurring in adolescent dating and acquaintance relationships and an analysis of the factors associated with sexual victimization in adolescence as well as the consequences. The limitations of current data as well as recommendations for future research, practice, policy, and advocacy is provided.

Other formats: pdf

Sexually Assaulted Children - National Estimates and Characteristics (pdf)

added 01/13/2009
David Finkelhor, Heather Hammer, and Andrea J. Sedlak

"This bulletin provides information on the estimated number and characteristics of children who were sexually assaulted in the United States in 1999, based on interviews with victims and their families. It also presents statistical profiles of these children, including their demographic characteristics, according to the Second National Incidence Studies of Missing, Abducted, Runaway, and Thrownaway Children (NISMART-2.)"

Shattered Hearts: The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of American Indian Women and Girls in Minnesota (pdf)

added 10/18/2009

A groundbreaking report released by the Minnesota Indian Women’s Resource Center (MIWRC) highlights the alarming and pervasive sex trafficking of American Indian women and girls in Minnesota. The first comprehensive report of its kind, it highlights risk factors for victims that include poverty, a disproportionate number of American Indian homeless, high incidences of overall sexual assault, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and pervasive multi-generational trauma.

So Much to Fear: War Crimes and the Devastation of Somalia (pdf)

added 02/25/2009

A Human Rights Watch report on the human rights violations being committed in the ongoing conflict in Somalia. It studies the conflict since late 2006, when the Ethiopian National Defense Force (ENDF) came to the aid to Somalia’s Transitional Federal Government (TFG) to overthrow the Islamic Courts Union (ICU). The report also includes several recommendations to the parties, as well as the African and European Unions, and the United Nations.

Status of Girls in Illinois (pdf)

added 12/18/2009
Mariame Kaba, Melissa Spatz, Michelle VanNatta

This report addresses a wide spectrum of areas affecting Illinois girls’ lives, including sexuality, violence, incarceration, substance abuse, health, education and physical fitness.
Full report is linked. Executive summary can be found at http://www.steansfamilyfoundation.org/pdf/SOG_Executive_Summar.pdf

Status of Girls in Minnesota

added 05/25/2010
Women’s Foundation of Minnesota and the Institute for Women’s Policy Research

"This 2008 report provides detailed information on the status of girls in Minnesota. It also serves as a tool for advocates, researchers, and policy makers in developing a set of interventions that will ensure girls’ economic, social, and political equality in the state. "

Tagalog Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Tagalog translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Teen Dating Violence: A Review of Risk Factors and Prevention Efforts (pdf)

added 12/15/2005
Maura O'Keefe

This article provides a critical review of the dating violence literature with respect to potential risk factors for both perpetrators and victims and examines the empirical research regarding the effectiveness of prevention and intervention programs targeting teen dating violence. The document also provides recommendations for future research and potential policy implications.

Other formats: html

Teen Dating Violence: Information and Resources (pdf)

added 12/15/2005
 

This is an information packet developed by the National Resource Center on Domestic Violence (NRCDV) as an introduction to the dynamics, prevalence and consequences of teen dating violence. The packet explores issues specific to teen dating violence, examines current provision of support services for teens and presents information about a variety of promising prevention /intervention strategies. The intent of packet contents is to examine some of the key dating violence issues currently facing teens and their advocates.

Teenagers in the United States:Sexual Activity, Contraceptive Use, and Childbearing, National Survey of Family Growth 2006-2008 (pdf)

added 06/25/2010

"This report presents national estimates of sexual activity, contraceptive use, and births among males and females 15-19 years of age in the United States in 2006-2008 from the National Survey of Family Growth."

THE EXPOSURE OF YOUTH TO UNWANTED SEXUAL MATERIAL ON THE INTERNET A National Survey of Risk, Impact, and Prevention (pdf)

added 01/07/2009
KIMBERLY J. MITCHELL, DAVID FINKELHOR, JANIS WOLAK

"This national survey of youth, ages 10 to 17, and their caretakers has several implications for the current debate about young people and Internet pornography. Twenty five percent of youth had unwanted exposure to sexual pictures on the Internet in the past year, challenging the prevalent assumption that the problem is primarily about young people motivated to actively seek out pornography. Most youth had no negative reactions to their unwanted exposure, but one quarter said they were very or extremely upset, suggesting a priority need for more research on and interventions directed toward such negative effects. The authors urge that social scientific research be undertaken to inform this highly contentious public policy controversy."

The Hofstede Committee Report: Juvenile Prostitution in Minnesota (pdf)

added 08/05/2002
 

This report provides an overview of juvenile prostitution, the sex industry in Minnesota, and efforts to end juvenile prostitution. This report also recommends tougher penalties for people who exploit children and teenagers.

The Impact of Armed Conflict on Women and Girls (pdf)

added 03/14/2003

This report of a consultative meeting is intended to contribute to the United Nations study on the Impact of Armed Conflict on Women and Girls, requested by the United Nations Security Council. This report reflects the purpose of the meeting which was twofold: first, to examine and explore the impact of armed conflict on women and girls; and, second, to formulate strategies and tools to ensure that reproductive health programmes accurately reflect this population’s needs, specifically by addressing them through a comprehensive, gendersensitive approach.

The Impact of Conflict on Women and Girls in West and Central Africa and the UNICEF response (pdf)

added 03/13/2009

"This first-of-its-kind study by UNICEF on the situation of war-affected girls and women in the region highlights innovative programmes being implemented with partners to address the impact of conflict, and recommends how UNICEF can more proactively champion the rights of girls - particularly adolescent girls."

The Runaway & Homeless Youth and Relationship Violence Toolkit

added 03/26/2010

This toolkit was developed by and for advocates in the runaway and homeless youth and domestic violence and sexual assault fields. Includes up to date research and resources as well as evaluation tools for programs providing services to youth.

The Unclaimed Children Revisited, California Case Study (pdf)

added 06/14/2010
Janice L. Cooper, Yumiko Aratani, Rachel Masi, Patti Banghart, Sarah Dababnah, Ayana Douglas-Hall, Alex L. Tavares, and Shannon Stagman

"The purpose of the California Case Study is to identify, document, and analyze effective fiscal, infrastructural, and related policies that support research-informed practices for mental health services to children and adolescents in California."

The War Within the War: Sexual Violence Against Women and Girls in Eastern Congo

added 03/05/2003

This report documents the frequent and sometimes systematic use of rape and other forms of sexual violence in the Rwandan-occupied areas of eastern Congo. This report focuses on crimes of sexual violence committed by soldiers and other combatants. But rape and other sexual crimes are not just carried out by armed factions but also increasingly by police and others in positions of authority and power, and by opportunistic common criminals and bandits, taking advantage of the prevailing climate of impunity and the culture of violence against women and girls.

Trust Betrayed

added 12/18/1997
 

This booklet, designed by the West Virginia Bureau for Public Health, helps young adults understand the dynamics of healthy relationships; the signs of controlling relationships; the strategies for dealing with dating violence; and the resources available to end the cycle of violence.

UN study on Violence Against Children

added 03/13/2009

"A press release on a new effort to provide a detailed global picture of the nature, extent and causes of violence against children, and propose clear recommendations for action to prevent and reduce such violence. The study focuses on violence against children in five settings: the home and family, schools and educational settings, other institutional settings (orphanages, children in conflict with the law), the community and on the streets, and work situations. "

Understanding Treatment for Adults and Juveniles Who Have Committed Sex Offenses (pdf)

added 07/30/2008
Center for Sex Offender Management (November 2006)

"The purpose of this brief is to provide a broad overview of current research, professional literature, and practice trends relative to treatment for sexually abusive individuals."

Violence Against Girls in Conflict with the Law

added 07/21/2009

This article documents the particular vulnerability to sexual abuse and rape of girls who come into contact with police and juvenile justice systems in various countries.

Violence Against Women and Girls: A Compendium of Monitoring and Evaluation Indicators (pdf)

added 04/30/2010
Shelah S. Bloom

"This compendium offers a set of monitoring and evaluation indicators for program managers, organizations, and policy makers working to address violence against women and girls at individual, community, district and national levels in developing countries."

Virginia's Healthcare Response to Sexual Assault: Guidelines for the Acute Care of Adult and Post-Pubertal Adolescent Sexual Assault Patients

added 07/11/2010
Virginia Sexual and Domestic Violence Action Alliance and the Virginia Chapter of the International Association of Forensic Nurses

This document provides detailed guidelines and tools to guide the integrated response to sexual assault by health care providers, law enforcement professionals, victim advocates, and others. The document is not intended to be state-specific therefore it provides an excellent model for other states to replicate.

We'll Kill You If You Cry: Sexual Violence in Sierra Leone Conflict

added 03/05/2003

The report presents evidence of horrific abuses against women and girls in every region of Sierra Leone by the rebel Revolutionary United Front (RUF), as well as other rebel, government and international peacekeeping forces. The report is based on hundreds of interviews with victims, witnesses and officials, details crimes of sexual violence committed primarily by soldiers of various rebel forces —the RUF, the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC), and the West Side Boys. The report also examines sexual violence by government forces and militias, as well as international peacekeepers.

Other formats: pdf

What Research Shows About Adolescent Sex Offenders (pdf)

added 07/30/2008
Mark Chaffin, PhD; Barbara L. Bonner, PhD; Keri Pierce, MPH,MSW, National Center on Sexual Behavior of Youth (July 2003)

"This fact sheet contains information about the available research on adolescent sex offenders and also addresses issues related to community safety and supervision."

Women and Health: Today’s Evidence, Tomorrow’s Agenda (pdf)

added 04/30/2010

"This report reviews evidence on the health issues that particularly affect girls and women throughout their life course. This report uses currently available data to draw attention to the consequences and costs of failing to address health issues at appropriate points in their lives."

Youth Activism: Engaging Teens in the Sexual Violence Prevention Movement (pdf)

added 04/21/2010

"This bulletin discusses how to engage youth as valued partners in sexual violence prevention work."


Advocacy

A Prosecutor's Resource:Medical Evidence and the Role of Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners in Cases Involving Adult Victims (pdf)

added 02/01/2011

This publication serves as a handbook for prosecutors working with medical evidence and Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners (SANE) in cases of violence against adult victims of sexual assault. This monograph provides prosecutors with an understanding of how SANEs focused on patient care and appropriate support services and referrals, rather than a specific investigative agenda can positively impact victim engagement in the criminal prosecution of their perpetrator. A glossary of commonly used terms used in medical examination reports is also included.

Advocating for Victims of Sex Crimes During the Police Investigation

added 08/19/2012

"No other serious crime is treated more poorly by the criminal justice system than rape and other sex crimes. As the victim's advocate, friend, or family member, you may to be all that stands between police disregard and the victims' urgent need for protection and justice. This guide can help you monitor and evaluate the police response, prevent abusive police behavior, and help you intervene effectively when things aren't going as they should." The guide is in English and Spanish.

"You were raped? How could you be so stupid?": Start by Believing (pdf)

added 01/30/2013

This resource is an article from End Violence Against Women International that speaks to the importance of believing and supporting victims of sexual violence. The goal of the Start by Believing campaign is to end the cycle of repeat offenses and assure that sex offenders are held accountable for their crimes. With a positive response, victims are more likely to seek help. Changing how the public responds to stories of sexual violence will then impact the criminal justice system and outcomes will begin to improve.

A Development Approach to Working with Teen Victims (pdf)

added 03/17/2010
Mitru Ciarlante, National Center for Victims of Crime

This issue brief discusses the need for service providers to understand adolescent development in order to effectively provide interventions for teen victims of abuse.

A Distinction Without a Difference: Why the Minnesota Supreme Court should overrule its precedent precluding the admission of helpful expert testimony in adult victim sexual assault cases. (pdf)

added 12/19/2011
Kaarin Long, Caroline Palmer, & Sara G. Thome

Law review article on the use of expert testimony in adult victim sexual assault cases.

A Guide for Mothers, Grandmothers, and Others for Helping a Girl Caught in Prostitution or Sex Trafficking

added 01/15/2010

An online bilingual guide in English and Spanish for helping a girl caught in prostitution or sex trafficking. The guide includes warning signs, resources, how to get help from the justice system, what to do if the girl is arrested, what to do if the girl is found deceased and more. The guide is based on the view that mothers, grandmothers, and others close to prostituted girls have been a neglected, yet powerful resource in the fight to end sexual exploitation. The guide seeks to give them the tools they need.

A Practical Guide for Creating Trauma-Informed Disability, Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault Organizations (pdf)

added 11/12/2012

This resource was designed to highlight and explore effective trauma-informed conditions or core values that victims, survivors and people with disabilities are finding essential for safety and healing. This document is a guide, not a manual. It is designed to lead readers on a journey of exploration into the context of these conditions to promote dialogue and understanding, and spur implementation of strategies for domestic violence, sexual assault and disability organizations to become more trauma-informed.

Additional Scripts for Clinic Assessment (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

This document is created for healthcare professionals and provides a series of scripted questions and responses when working with victims of violence. The information is intended to help communicate all the information needed to give to a patient as well as responding to immediate safety issues and making referrals.

Addressing Gender-based Violence: UNFPA Strategy and Framework for Action (pdf)

added 03/11/2009

This report, grounded in UNFPA's overarching goal of eliminating violence against women and girls, identifies particular areas where action is most urgently needed and proposes general policy frameworks for combating gender-based violence.

Advocating for Women in the Criminal Justice System in Cases of Rape, Domestic Violence and Child Abuse

added 10/14/2003

The handbook consisits of various practical forms which were developed by advocates to evaluate criminal justice services for women in cases of rape, domestic violence and child abuse. It also has theoretical chapters on understanding how criminal justice systems can help and harm women.

Alcohol and Sexual Violence Perpetration

added 12/09/2008
Antonia Abbey with contributions from Lydia Guy Ortiz

This Applied Research paper examines the frequent co-occurrence of alcohol and sexual violence perpetration. Identifying the different ways alcohol relates to perpetration can aid in the development of effective sexual violence prevention strategies. The authors off suggestions for practitioners based on available scientific knowledge.

Other formats: pdf

Assault Advocacy Guide: An Advocate's Guide to Sexual Assault Policy

added 06/11/2008
National Alliance to End Sexual Violence (NAESV) (2008)

"This manual contains a variety of information around understanding the federal legislative process, including action tools such as tips for meeting with your legislator."

Balancing Obligations: Serving Teen Victims and Mandated Reporting of Statutory Rape (pdf)

added 03/17/2010

This issue brief addresses the importance of preserving confidentiality while working with teen victims of abuse, at the same time fulfilling the service provider's legal duties.

Building Cultures Of Care: A Guide for Sexual Assault Services Programs (pdf)

added 10/03/2013
National Sexual Violence Resource Center

This guide provides information to support sexual assault services programs in strengthening their organizational and individual responses to survivors of sexual violence through the use of a trauma-informed approach. It provides an overview of the core principles of trauma-informed care and guiding points and questions to help organizations build cultures grounded in the philosophy of trauma-informed service delivery.

Changing Perceptions of Sexual Violence Over Time (pdf)

added 12/09/2011
Sarah McMahon In consultation with Karen Baker

This VAWnet Applied Research Paper begins by providing a historical overview of societal perceptions of sexual violence. The author then reviews available research on perceptions held by the general public about sexual violence and how they have changed over time. She concludes with implications and recommendations for advocates future practice and future directions. *Applied Research papers synthesize and interpret current research on violence against women, offering a review of the literature and implications for policy and practice.

Child and Family Service Review Outcomes: Strategies to Improve Domestic Violence Responses in CFSR Program Improvement Plans (pdf)

added 11/15/2009
Shellie Taggart

"Child and Family Service Reviews (CFSRs) evaluate public child welfare systems to determine how well they achieve safety, permanency, and well-being in difficult situations of neglect, physical and sexual abuse, and co-existing domestic violence, substance abuse, mental health issues, poverty, and community violence. This guide can help stakeholders develop effective (Program Improvement Plans) PIPs for achieving safety, permanency, and well-being in domestic violence cases, and to identify or anticipate related technical assistance needs."

Child Protection Information Sheets (pdf)

added 03/18/2009

"This booklet comprises 14 information sheets which highlight how child protection is crucial to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. Covering different forms of abuse, these sheets also outline how to build a protective environment for children and what UNICEF is doing on the ground to protect children."

Children’s and Adolescents’ Participation and Protection from Sexual Abuse and Exploitation (pdf)

added 06/08/2010
Clare Feinstein and Claire O’Kane

"A paper reviewing government commitments to strengthen participation by children and adolescents to protect them from sexual abuse and exploitation. The paper provides recommendations for further research, policy development, and programming to support advocacy and practice with and by children and adolescents. "

Chinese Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Chinese translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Collaborating to Help Trafficking Survivors: Emerging Issues and Practice Pointers (pdf)

added 11/15/2009
Futures Without Violence

"This manual is for those committed to assisting trafficking survivors, especially sexual assault and domestic violence advocates and their allies in the criminal and legal systems who have basic knowledge of the trafficking assistance process. This manual examines issues and promising practices that have emerged during the six years since the federal government decided in 2000 to devote significant attention to trafficking and its victims."

Community Engagement Curriculum Guide (pdf)

added 04/23/2010
Mimi Kim

This training curriculum is based on a report from the API Institute on Domestic Violence titled "The Community Engagement Continuum: Outreach, Mobilization, Organizing and Accountability to Address Violence Against Women in Asian & Pacific Islander Communities".

Comprehensive Issue Spotting: A Tool for Civil Attorneys Representing Victims of Domestic & Dating Violence, Sexual Assault & Stalking (pdf)

added 09/24/2009

"This is a client-centered tool for civil attorneys new to representing victims of domestic and dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking to provide comprehensive representation and advocacy for their clients."

Core Services and Characteristics of Rape Crisis Centers: A Review of State Service Standards (pdf)

added 04/01/2011

This guide was produced to inform and inspire ongoing discussion in the field about what it is that defines a rape crisis center. Fifteen states are profiled, with analysis of philosophical approach, clients, advocacy, counseling, and organizational standards.

Culture Handbook for working with those who have experienced sexual or domestic violence (pdf)

added 10/29/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

"This handbook is designed to be used by advocates and professionals who work with those who are victims of domestic and sexual violence. It provides some basic information on how to understand culture and begin the process of challenging oneself to become more aware of the ways in which culture impacts our work and the lives of those who are victims."

Date Rape Drugs FAQ

added 07/30/2009

Compiled by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, this page offers answers to frequently asked questions on common date rape drugs, how to identify them and the effects of each. Also offers useful tips on how to protect yourself from being a victim, and what to do if you've been drugged.

Don't Turn Your Back On Girls: Sexual Violence Against Girls In Haiti (pdf)

added 02/25/2009

A comprehensive report on sexual violence against girls in Haiti released by Amnesty International in late November of 2008. Over half of the 105 rapes reported in Haiti by the end of November were committed against girls under the age of 18, according to one of the few organizations in the country which collect rape statistics. The report includes findings on rape as a political weapon, the role of discrimination and poverty, and the state’s response.

Eliminating Barriers to Services for Latina/o Survivors of Sexual and Intimate Partner Violence (pdf)

added 12/01/2004

This is the position statement by Latino advocates to address barriers to services for Latina/o survivors of sexual and intimate partner violence

Eliminating the Rape Kit Backlog

added 06/03/2010

"This special online collection provides information to help victim service professionals engage in a multi-disciplinary dialogue about the issues and challenges involved with addressing the backlog of untested rape kits."

Eliminating Violence against Children (pdf)

added 03/13/2009
Inter-Parliamentary Union and UNICEF

"Jointly produced by UNICEF and the Inter-Parliamentary Union, this handbook describes measures parliamentarians can take to end violence against children: they can legislate, oversee government activities, allocate financial resources and, as leaders in their nations and communities, raise awareness of issues."

Employee Training on Addressing Sexual Harassment (word)

added 03/11/2009
The Advocates for Human Rights

This module is intended to train in identifying the various forms of sexual harassment, encouraging employees to report it, and discussing options for addressing sexual harassment in the workplace.

Engaging Boys and Men in Gender Transformation: The Group Education Manual (pdf)

added 04/03/2010

"This manual offers trainers an array of participatory experiential exercises to reach men (and their partners), exploring gender socialization and its impact on HIV prevention and care. Piloted in Ethiopia, Namibia, South Africa and Tanzania, the manual is designed to assist trainers in developing curricula to work with men and boys on gender, HIV and AIDS issues."

Engaging Bystanders in Sexual Violence Prevention (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Joan Tabachnick, 2008

This booklet reviews the concept of bystander intervention and some factors that lead people to act; it considers who bystanders are and some circumstances that would motivate people to get involved. The document also includes relevant research, future directions, helpful tools, resources, and training activities.

Evaluating Children’s Advocacy Centers’ Response to Child Sexual Abuse (pdf)

added 09/12/2008
Theodore P. Cross, Lisa M. Jones, Wendy A. Walsh, Monique Simone, David J. Kolko, Joyce Szczepanski, Tonya Lippert, Karen Davison, Arthur Cryns, Polly Sosnowski, Amy Shadoin, and Suzanne Magnuson

"With funding from OJJDP, researchers have now completed a four-site evaluation of CACs that, for the first time, contrasts them with comparison communities that did not have a CAC. This Bulletin presents an overview of the results. It examines how CACs affect forensic interviewing, child victim disclosures about abuse, children’s receipt of medical exams and mental health services, prosecution and conviction of offenders, removal of children from their homes, and family satisfaction with child abuse investigations."

Everything Left Behind: Internal Displacement in Colombia (pdf)

added 08/15/2009

"According to a new report there are currently between 3 and 4 million internally displaced people in Colombia, among the highest in the world. Internal displacement disproportionately affects women who are indigenous, Afro-descendant, or peasant farmers. For displaced women and girls, sexual assault, exploitation, and abuse are constant threats from armed groups or people who believe the women and girls are involved with armed groups. Displaced women and girls face discrimination from the communities they move to, presenting a significant barrier to assistance for victims of violence."

Female Genital Cutting FAQ

added 07/30/2009

Compiled by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, this page offers answers to frequently asked questions on female genital cutting, the origin of its practices, current laws, and links to finding more information on the topic.

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: Data and Trends (pdf)

added 02/20/2009

The Population Reference Bureau estimates that between 100 and 140 million girls and women worldwide have undergone female genital mutilation (FGM) and more than 3 million girls are at risk for cutting each year on the African continent alone. Global and national efforts to end FGM and cutting have supported legislation targeting excisors, medical professionals, and families who perpetuate the practice, but political will and implementation remain an issue.

Girls Count: A Global Investment & Action Agenda (pdf)

added 04/07/2010
Ruth Levine, Cynthia Lloyd, Margaret Greene, and Caren Grown, Center for Global Development

"This report describes why and how to initiate effective investments that will give adolescent girls in developing countries a full and equal chance for rewarding lives and livelihoods."

Global Consultation on Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (pdf)

added 08/29/2009

A report on the prevalence of female genital mutilation (FGM) and analyzes shifting global patterns of FGM and methods used to eliminate its occurrence. The report also illustrates the effects of FGM on maternal and infant health and notes law enforcement and non-profit agency efforts to combat FGM.

Good practices in legislation on violence against women (pdf)

added 07/21/2009

This report comes from an expert group meeting organized by the United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. The purpose of the expert group meeting was to analyze different legislative approaches for addressing violence against women; assess lessons learned and identify good practices in regard to legal reforms on violence against women; and develop a model framework for legislation on violence against women. The outcome of the meeting is intended to assist States and other stakeholders in enhancing existing, and developing new, legislation on violence against women.

Guatemala’s Femicide Law: Progress Against Impunity? (pdf)

added 08/29/2009

This report places femicide within a particular historical, cultural and socio-political context describing the 36-year internal conflict that resulted in rape, torture and murder of tens of thousands of Guatemalan women and girls. Although the government has made some progress in implementing some aspects of the Law Against Femicide, the report also points out that the lack of understanding of the law, continued social unrest, poor media portrayal, and inadequate efforts to implement the law stand in the way of serious progress. The report concludes with recommendations for the government including improving investigation and prosecution of crimes of violence against women, and protection of the victims of violence and their children.

Handbook for legislation on violence against women (Russian) (pdf)

added 11/01/2009

"A Russian translation of the 2009 Handbook for legislation on violence against women, a report of the expert group meeting organized by the United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. The group studied different legislative approaches to violence against women and developed this handbook for legislation based upon best practices and lessons learned. The handbook also includes commentary on legislation on violence against women in a number of countries."

Hate, Violence, and Death on Main Street USA: A report on Hate Crimes and Violence Against People Experiencing Homelessness 2008 (pdf)

added 08/21/2009

A new report from the National Coalition for the Homeless (NCH) contains case descriptions of each attack that includes sexual assault. The report notes that because crimes committed against homeless persons often go unreported, the actual numbers of non-lethal attacks is likely much higher. Rapes and sexual assaults also tend to go unreported. The report recommends that state legislatures add homeless persons as a “protected class” to hate crime legislation, and encourages police trainings so law enforcement officers will better understand homelessness and how to prevent hate crimes.

Healthcare Issues and Survivors of Sexual Violence

added 12/17/2010

This bulletin speaks to the long-term consequences of sexual assault and the importance of the advocacy role that medical providers must take on when working with survivors of sexual violence.

Here's Where We Start (pdf)

added 02/04/2009
Frank Jewell and Chuck Derry from MN Men’s Action Network

This booklet informs men of the extent of sexual and domestic violence and provides them with concrete ideas on how they can become part of the solution for ending these crimes. It outlines steps men can take to change the social norms that support sexual and domestic assaults.

Housing and Sexual Violence Fact Sheet (pdf)

added 08/04/2010

"Safe, affordable, and stable housing can be a protective factor against both sexual violence perpetration and victimization. This two page fact sheet offers information on the impact of housing costs, housing and various forms of oppression, and how advocates can help."

Housing and Sexual Violence Technical Assistance Bulletin (pdf)

added 08/04/2010

"Sexual violence and housing are intricately linked by several factors including access to affordable housing, various forms of oppression and sex offender management. This four page document offers information on each of these topics as well as a section on how advocates can help survivors."

Housing and Sexual Violence: Overview of National Survey (pdf)

added 08/04/2010

"This report provides a summary of key findings and policy recommendations from a national survey on housing and sexual violence. The National Sexual Violence Resource Center partnered with the Victims Rights Law Center, National Sexual Assault Coalition Resource Sharing Project, Louisiana Foundation Against Sexual Assault, University of New Hampshire, and Pennsylvania Community Legal Services to develop and conduct this survey in 2008."

How to obtain U Interim Relief: A Brief Manual for Advocates Assisting Immigrant Victims of Crime (pdf)

added 11/25/2008
Sally Kinoshita, Immigrant Legal Resource Center

This manual provides U Visa information for advocates who assist victims of crime, including domestic violence. The author outlines the definition, requirements, and application process for U Visa Interim relief and also offers information on obtaining permanent residency and derivative status for family members.

How to Write a Letter to the Judge for Victims of Rape, Domestic Violence and Child Abuse

added 07/26/2001

Gives information that should help you write a more effective letter. Provides four examples of different kinds of letters you as a victim or victim advocate, may want to write to the judge in the criminal case. Also available in Spanish.

If He is Raped: A Guidebook for Parents, Partners, Spouses, and Friends (pdf)

added 06/25/2010
Alan McEvoy, Debbie Rollo, and Jeff Brookings

"The focus of this book is on males who are raped by other males. It provides information about male rape and outlines the most important things you should know when confronted with an incident of male rape."

Immigrant Women and Sexual Violence

added 10/02/2009

A collection of documents that highlight the common experiences of immigrant women who are victims of sexual violence, the legal protections and public benefits available, and practices and suggestions for increasing the effectiveness of services provided to immigrant women. Also included are resources and tools for immigrant women and service providers who assist them, such as advocates, lawyers, and medical professionals.

Improving Judicial Response to Sexual Harassment in the Courtroom (word)

added 03/11/2009
The Advocates for Human Rights

This module is intended for judges, court personnel, and other legal professionals to strategize about improving the judicial response to sexual harassment in the courtroom and in their profession generally.

Improving the Health Care Response to Domestic Violence: A Trainer's Manual for Health Care Providers

added 10/29/2008
Anne L. Ganley, Ph.D, John Fazio, R.N., M.S., Ariella Hyman, J.D., Lisa James, M.A., Anita Ruiz-Contreras, R.N., M.S.N., C.E.N., The Family Violence Prevention Fund

"This Trainer's Manual was developed to help health care providers and domestic violence advocates meet the challenge of training clinicians and other staff within the busy clinic or hospital setting. The Manual provides step-by-step instructions for teaching each section of the Resource Manual including the basics of domestic violence, clinical skills, legal issues, community resources, and role play scenarios. It also includes a special module on cultural diversity."

Impunity: Sexual Abuse in Women’s Prisons (pdf)

added 07/21/2009
Kim Shayo Buchanan, Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review, Vol. 42 (2007)

This article describes sexual abuse of female prisoners in the United States as ubiquitous and legal remedies as wholly inadequate, and emphasizes the racial dimensions of abuses perpetrated against female prisoners, the majority of whom are African-American and/or Latina.

Interpersonal Violence and Women With Disabilities: A Research Update

added 11/08/2009
Laurie E. Powers, Rosemary B. Hughes, and Emily M. Lund, VAWnet: The National Online Resource Center on Violence Against Women

"This article provides an update on what researchers have learned during the past ten years about abuse and women with disabilities and offers some perspectives on the state of current research and its implications for future studies and advocacy efforts."

Other formats: pdf

Justice Denied: The experiences of 100 torture surviving women of seeking justice and rehabilitation (pdf)

added 01/20/2010

"This report analyzed the experiences of 100 women from 24 countries who settled in the United Kingdom after surviving torture. The report stated that almost all of the women studied had experienced at least one incident of rape or sexual assault. The vast majority were unable to find help when they sought redress and could not access legal aid or the necessary healthcare. "

Korean Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Korean translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

LGBTQ Language for Advocates, Counselors, and Practitioners in the Anti-Sexual Violence Movement: FAQ's (pdf)

added 06/01/2012
Pennsylvania Coalition Against Rape

This resource addresses commonly asked questions related to language used when working with, reaching out to, and establishing affirming spaces for individuals who identify as LGBTQ. Responses and guidance were provided by practitioners working to further the LGBQT movements.

Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence

added 04/23/2010

"The Lifetime Spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Other formats: pdf

Make it Matter: 10 Key Advocacy Messages to Prevent HIV in Girls and Young Women (pdf)

added 04/16/2010
IPPF, UNFPA, Young Positives, Global Coalition on Women & AIDS

"The aim of this guide is to equip its users with key messages, evidence and actions that can be used to advocate effectively to prevent HIV in girls and young women. It focuses on three goals as a response to the epidemic: improving the accessibility of sexual and reproductive health services for girls and young women; expanding socio-economic opportunities; and ending child marriage."

Male Ordered: The Mail-Order Bride Industry and Trafficking in Women for Sexual and Labour Exploitation (pdf)

added 05/15/2009

"This report provides extensive research of the mail-order bride industry in the United Kingdom. The industry is linked to the promotion of trafficking, prostitution, pornography and slavery. The report suggests that this industry not only exploits vulnerable groups of women but also reinforces racial and ethnic stereotypes. Recommendations are given on what the government can do to further protect women."

Media Packet: Information on Sexual Violence (pdf)

added 07/03/2012

The information in this packet from the National Sexual Violence Resource Center offers concise, accurate information regarding sexual violence to the reporters and journalists on the frontlines of news media.

Other formats: plaintext

Meeting the Needs of Prison Rape Victims (pdf)

added 10/30/2006
Pennsylvania Coalition Against Rape

This guide is intended to support rape crisis counselors and advocates in providing services to victims of prison rape. To that end, the guide includes an overview of the problem of prison rape, outreach strategies, ethical discussions, and things to keep in mind when working in a prison setting.

Migrant Workers and Prevention (pdf)

added 03/27/2010

This issue of their Partners in Social Change newsletter examines in-depth primary prevention of sexual violence with migrant workers.

Mobilizing Religious Communities to Respond to Gender-based Violence and HIV: A Training Manual (pdf)

added 04/14/2010

The first in a series of two manuals aimed at raising awareness and educating religious leaders and communities about gender-based violence. The training manual equips religious communities with tools to deepen their awareness and understanding of gender-based violence and its link to HIV and proposes faith-based activities on the subject.

National Prison Rape Elimination Commission Report (pdf)

added 09/18/2009
National Prison Rape Elimination Commission

"This report discusses the National Prison Rape Elimination Commission's nine findings on sexual abuse in correctional facilities as well as policies and practices that must be mandatory in remedying these problems; recommendations address what leaders in government outside the corrections profession can do to support solutions."

Not a Minute More: Ending Violence Against Women (pdf)

added 05/24/2004
United Nations Development Fund for Women

This report highlights many of the achievements towards the empowerment of women and indicates what must be done to build on them. It provides examples of practices as well as efforts that did not meet the goals set out for them — and explores why. It looks at the challenges ahead and asks what the most fruitful next steps might be.

Online Learning Tools on Violence Against Women

added 02/04/2009
National Resource Center on Domestic Violence (NRCDV) and the National Sexual Violence Resource Center (NSVRC)

"This collection provides a sampling of available Online Learning Tools with subject matter related to violence against women prevention and intervention. The resources listed here can be used for the purposes of staff development (by individuals), or as tools for trainers (in groups).Many of the tools in this list offer Continuing Education Credits (CEUs) to fulfill licensure requirements for professionals in certain disciplines."

Opening the Door: An Advocate's Guide to Housing and Sexual Violence (pdf)

added 08/23/2010

This guide is intended to equip advocates with information and resources to support their housing advocacy efforts in helping victims and survivors of sexual violence.

Platform for Action: Towards the Abandonment of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) (pdf)

added 04/07/2009
The Donors Working Group on Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting, UNIFEM

This Platform for Action summarizes the key elements on the programmatic approach to support the abandonment of the FGM/C practice and make a major difference for girls and women worldwide.

Positively Informed: Lesson Plans and Guidance for Sexuality Educators and Advocates

added 02/28/2005
Andrea Irvin

A resource kit of lesson plans and guidance for comprehensive sexuality educators. Positively Informed provides a handpicked selection of some of the best English-language sexuality education materials out there. Intended to serve as a source of ideas, examples, and inspiration for educators developing their own sexuality education curricula, the lesson plans use creative, interactive, learner-centered teaching strategies, and are adaptable to diverse cultural settings. They address gender issues, challenge discriminatory attitudes and behaviors, and present sexuality as a positive part of life rather than something to be feared and shrouded in taboos. These lessons are appropriate for 10- to 19-year-olds and are classroom ready.

Poverty and Sexual Violence Building Prevention and Intervention Responses: A Guide for Counselors and Advocates (pdf)

added 04/21/2010

"This guide includes definitions and discussion of terms, a review of current literature showing the links between sexual violence and poverty, a philosophical framework for economic advocacy, strategies for application of the framework, conclusions and recommendations, as well as tools and resources."

Preventing and Responding to Domestic & Sexual Violence in Later Life

added 07/11/2010
Minnesota Center Against Violence and Abuse(MINCAVA), National Sexual Violence Resource Center (NSVRC), and National Resource Center on Domestic Violence (NRCDV)

"This special collection brings together selected materials related to preventing and responding to elder abuse, specifically domestic and sexual violence. It highlights the complexities of older people's DV/SV experiences and emphasizes collaborative and multi-pronged approaches to addressing DV/SV in later life."

Prevention is for Life HIV/AIDS: Dispatches from the Field (pdf)

added 06/08/2010

"This advocacy booklet uses real-life examples to explain how HIV prevention can save lives in diverse cultural and geographical settings. It includes chapters on youth and HIV, condom programming, protecting women and girls, linking HIV prevention with other sexual and reproductive health care, and empowering populations who are at particular risk."

Programming to Address Violence against Women (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

"This is the second volume in a series that focuses on prevention and response tools for violence against women. The publication features eight case studies that highlight initiatives that have proven successful in combating violence against women: Algeria, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe. The UNFPA hopes to support current efforts in the eight case study countries and encourage other countries to take steps toward ending violence against women."

Protecting Children from Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Violence in Disaster and Emergency Situations (pdf)

added 04/07/2010

This document provides local and community-based organizations with strategies for preventing the sexual exploitation and trafficking of children during natural disasters and other emergencies.

Punjabi Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/23/2010

"Punjabi translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Rape Myths (pdf)

added 07/21/2009

This document looks at several articles that examine widely held prejudicial beliefs about rape, rape victims, and perpetrators and the role these myths play in justifying and perpetuating sexual violence.

Raped or “Seduced”? How Language Helps Shape Our Response to Sexual Violence

added 10/28/2013

Legal Momentum released this new model curriculum for judges, advocates, media, and anyone interested in changing the way they speak and write about sexual violence.

The curriculum includes a model PowerPoint presentation with Suggested Commentary which can be adapted to the needs of your audience, and a Faculty Manual.

Reaching Individuals along all Literacy Levels: A Technical Assistance Bulletin for Rape Crisis Counselors, Advocates, and Prevention Educators (pdf)

added 04/21/2010

"This bulletin provides information to help professionals understand the connections between literacy and sexual violence"

Reaching Migrant Farm Workers: A Technical Assistance Bulletin for Sexual Violence Advocates and Counselors (pdf)

added 04/21/2010

"Focused on the farming industry, the bulletin describes the risk factors for sexual violence for migrant workers, barriers to reporting, legal rights and advocacy strategies."

Registering Harm: How Sex Offense Registries Fail Youth Communities (pdf)

added 01/21/2009
Amanda Petteruti and Nastassia Walsh

"This report published by the Justice Policy Institute explores the negative impact that state compliance with the Adam Walsh Act will have on youth, communities, and states. "

Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Migrants (pdf)

added 08/15/2009
Jorge Bustamante

The author points out that female children are extremely vulnerable to gender-based violence during migration. Migration is often difficult and dangerous for female children due to “additional restrictions on travel” girls may face due to “male guardianships.” Female children are also vulnerable to human trafficking for sexual exploitation or forced labor during migration. The report concludes with recommendations for policy improvements on migration legislation.

Researcher Trauma, Safety and Sexual Violence (pdf)

added 07/11/2010

"This briefing paper provides a thematic analysis of of the Sexual Violence Research Initiative Forum discussion related to researchers experiencing trauma while undertaking sexual violence research. Strategies and resources for dealing with trauma are discussed."

Resource Guide for Advocates & Attorneys on Interpretation Services for Domestic Violence Victims (pdf)

added 04/23/2010
Chic Dabby and Cannon Han

This document provides guidelines from the Interpretation Technical Assistance and Resource Center that focus on court interpretation for domestic and sexual violence victims with limited English proficiency. These guidelines inform how advocacy, interpretation, and language access can be integrated.

Resources Addressing the Perpetration of Sexual Violence

added 12/06/2009

"This special collection provides resources that address the topics of sex offender risk, assessment, management, treatment, and supervision. In addition, there is a special focus on the policies that have been created in the past decade to help keep our communities safer."

Resurrection After Rape

added 10/17/2013

Resurrection After Rape is a guidebook for women who are making the journey through therapy after sexual trauma. This book provides information about rape and trauma, advice regarding therapy and choosing a therapist and suggested activities to begin the healing process. This is a free PDF download made available by the author.

Ruling Offers a New Protection to Victims of Assault in Minnesota (USA)

added 08/15/2009

The Minnesota Supreme Court published a ruling that an individual may now be charged with the serious crime of burglary if they enter their former partner's home to commit a crime, even if they have an ownership interest in the home. This ruling provides a new type of protection for victims who do not have an active order for protection against former partners.

Rural Domestic and Sexual Abuse Program Advocates: Making a Difference in the Lives of Older Survivors of Abuse

added 10/17/2013

The purpose of this booklet is to provide rural domestic and sexual abuse service programs with possible resources and tools to effectively respond to abuse in later life, an issue that lies at the nexus between domestic violence, sexual assault, and elder abuse. The first section provides an overview of abuse in later life and the unique challenges it poses for older victims and service providers. The remainder of the booklet provides ideas and perspectives for serving older victims, including suggestions on tailoring services in domestic and sexual violence programs to better meet the needs of this population and a discussion on how communities can work together to respond to abuse in later life.

San Diego County Sexual Assault Response Team Standards of Practice (pdf)

added 08/07/2009
San Diego Sexual Assault Response Team

"This manual provides extensive standards of practice for members of interdisciplinary sexual assault response teams. "

Security Begins at Home (pdf)

added 02/25/2009

The Kosova Women’s Network released the country’s first study on domestic violence, called Security Begins at Home. The report highlights key points such as: what the citizens of Kosovo perceive as domestic violence, the forms and consequences of domestic violence, citizens' response to ending it, and the legal and institutional gaps in addressing it.

Self Assessment Form for Forensic Compliance (word)

added 03/05/2010

A self-assessment tool for communities to evaluate their current practices with respect to medical forensic examinations.

Sex Trafficking Needs Assessment for the State of Minnesota

added 09/30/2008
The Advocates for Human Rights

This 2008 report, focuses on trafficking for commercial sex exploitation and prostitution, highlights successes in combating sex trafficking and suggests ways to improve responses to this complex problem in Minnesota.

Sex work, violence and HIV - A guide for programmes with sex workers (pdf)

added 06/08/2010

"This guide discusses the challenges involved in ensuring that violence is addressed in HIV programmes, gives a detailed understanding of violence in relation to sex work and challenges some common assumptions. The guide also provides examples from real programmes that illustrate ways in which HIV and AIDS projects can help reduce the incidence of violence against sex workers and provide support to those who experience violence. "

Sexual Abuse in Later Life (pdf)

added 07/11/2010
Bonnie Brandl and Holly Ramsey Klawsnik

"This article addresses sexual assault in later life and specifically focuses on victimization of elders that occurs in the context of intimate partner violence, incest, and care facilities."

Sexual and reproductive health of women living with HIV/AIDS: Guidelines on care, treatment and support for women living with HIV/AIDS and their children in resource-constrained settings (pdf)

added 06/08/2010
UNFPA, WHO

"This publication addresses the specific sexual and reproductive health needs of women living with HIV/AIDS and contains recommendations for counseling, anti-retroviral therapy, care and other interventions."

Sexual Assault and the Body (pdf)

added 07/21/2009

This article explores the multifaceted effects of sexual assault on the victim’s body through articles on such diverse topics as negative self image, impaired sexual function, compulsive weightlifting and dental fear.

Sexual Assault Civil Protection Orders by State (pdf)

added 02/17/2010

A chart that lists sexual assault civil protection orders (CPOs) by state.

Sexual Assault FAQ

added 07/30/2009

Compiled by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, this page offers useful information on sexual assault, what to do if you've been sexually assaulted, and offers a list of resources for more information on this topic.

Sexual Assault Risk Reduction Curriculum

added 08/07/2009
Ellen Hohenstein, M.A., Arline Kennedy, R.N

The curriculum was specifically developed to reduce the incidence of adolescent sexual assault through risk-reduction educational strategies. It is a powerful tool to assist school personnel, police, and community agency staff in their efforts to implement high-quality educational programs. The curriculum includes lessons for high school and middle school aged youth and can be used in either school or non-school settings.

Sexual Violence against Asian, Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander Women (pdf)

added 08/23/2010

This document provides guidelines for advocates on various points of intersection of domestic and sexual violence in the API communities.

Sexual Violence and Adolescents

added 08/06/2003
Holly Harner, R.N.C., Ph.D., M.P.H., S.A.N.E.

The paper offers a review of the current state of the science regarding sexual violence occurring in adolescent dating and acquaintance relationships and an analysis of the factors associated with sexual victimization in adolescence as well as the consequences. The limitations of current data as well as recommendations for future research, practice, policy, and advocacy is provided.

Other formats: pdf

Sexual Violence and the Spectrum of Prevention Factsheet (pdf)

added 03/03/2010

"This two-page fact sheet is based on the NSVRC’s publication, 'Sexual Violence and the Spectrum of Prevention: Towards a Community Solution'. It gives an overview of the Spectrum framework, developed by Larry Cohen of the Prevention Institute, and provides examples of interventions at the six Spectrum levels."

Other formats: plaintext

Sexual Violence in Disasters Factsheet (pdf)

added 03/03/2010

"This two-page fact sheet is based on information from the NSVRC publication 'Sexual Violence in Disasters: A Planning Guide for Prevention and Response'. It provides basic information about the risk of sexual violence during and after times of disaster and some basic prevention strategies."

Other formats: plaintext

Sexual Violence in Later Life Information Packet

added 06/25/2010

This information packet includes a fact sheet, technical assistance bulletin, technical assistance guide, resource list, annotated bibliography, and a research brief all related to sexual violence in later life.

Shattered Lives: Immediate medical care for victims of sexual violence (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

A recently released report depicting the experiences of victims of sexual violence, as well as those who provide immediate care to victims. The report focuses on the individual stories of those who have been sexually assaulted, and those who provide medical, counseling, and other types of support services to victims. Through these stories,the organization hopes to convey the importance of making emergency medical and other services immediately and readily accessible to victims.

Silence is Violence: End the Abuse of Women in Afghanistan (pdf)

added 07/29/2009

A new United Nations (UN) report on women in Afghanistan that focuses on the growing trend of violence and threats against women in public life and rape/sexual violence. The report concludes that these forms of violence are a huge occurrence in the everyday lives of Afghan women and the government has a crucial role in helping to eradicate these harmful practices towards women.

Standards of Practice for Lawyers Representing Victims of Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault and Stalking in Civil Protection Order Cases (pdf)

added 09/24/2009

"These Standards are presented as aspirational guidelines for the operation of legal service providers, pro bono legal service providers, and individual lawyers representing victims of domestic violence, sexual assault and stalking in civil protection order cases."

Sustainability 101: Creating A Business Plan For Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners (pdf)

added 11/13/2009
Elise J. Turner, MSN, CNM, SANE-A, NSVRC

This guide reviews the basic steps of developing a business plan and explains the components needed for SANE services to be successful. It is identified as a critical tool for starting and sustaining existing healthcare services.

Sustainability 101: Fostering Collaboration Between SANE Program Coordinators and Medical Directors (pdf)

added 11/13/2009
Jamie Ferrell , Dr. Sally Henin Awad, Jenifer Markowitz, NSVRC

In addition to collaboration between Sexual Assault Response Teams (SARTs), community partners and other agencies, this document talks about the importance of collaboration between SANEs and physician colleagues to assist with the credibility and sustainability of a SANE Program.

Sustainability 101: Long Range Thinking for Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner Program Managers (pdf)

added 12/18/2009
Jenifer Markowitz

"The first in a series of bulletins related to Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) program sustainability, this publication provides information gathered from the NSVRC SANE Sustainability Technical Assistance Project. It discusses six key areas related to sustainability: investing in people, understanding budgeting, reframing education, mentoring future leaders, creating strategic alliances and program evaluation."

Tagalog Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Tagalog translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Technology Safety & Advocacy Special Collection

added 03/03/2010

This special collection includes a categorized and annotated listing of selected articles, fact sheets, papers, reports and other materials regarding the use of technology as it impacts and intersects with violence against women and children. It is offered as an additional tool to assist advocates working on and interested in the safe use of technology.

Template Materials for Anonymous Reporting Protocol

added 05/27/2010

These template materials are designed to help communities implement a multidisciplinary protocol for victims to anonymously report their sexual assault to law enforcement.

The Basics About Sexual Abuse in U.S. Detention (pdf)

added 03/27/2010

"This 2 page fact sheet talks about sexual abuse in prisons and jails across the U.S."

The Costs and Consequences of Sexual Violence and Cost-Effective Solutions (pdf)

added 04/29/2011
The National Alliance to End Sexual Violence

This resource speaks to the costs and consequences of sexual violence. It includes a general overview of findings from research on the topic, the cost benefits of early intervention, costs for funding sexual assault services, and cost-effective solutions.

The Impact of Conflict on Women and Girls in West and Central Africa and the UNICEF response (pdf)

added 03/13/2009

"This first-of-its-kind study by UNICEF on the situation of war-affected girls and women in the region highlights innovative programmes being implemented with partners to address the impact of conflict, and recommends how UNICEF can more proactively champion the rights of girls - particularly adolescent girls."

The Promise of Primary Prevention of Sexual Violence: Five Year Plan (pdf)

added 03/03/2010

"This report is a framework for action and it reflects the thoughts and experiences of people who work to prevent sexual violence, who serve victims/survivors and/or work with perpetrators. It is a shared vision of how Minnesota can prevent sexual violence from happening. The report defines issues, sets goals, and establishes the infrastructure needed to achieve these goals."

The Runaway & Homeless Youth and Relationship Violence Toolkit

added 03/26/2010

This toolkit was developed by and for advocates in the runaway and homeless youth and domestic violence and sexual assault fields. Includes up to date research and resources as well as evaluation tools for programs providing services to youth.

The Sexual Victimization of College Women (pdf)

added 11/12/2008
Bonnie S. Fisher, Francis T. Cullen, Michael G. Turner, U.S. Department of Justice

Women attending colleges are at greater risk for rape and other forms of sexual assault than the general population or in another comparable age group. The study found that many women do not characterize their sexual victimization as a crime for a number of reasons including blaming themselves.The study reinforces the importance of many organizations’ efforts to improve education and knowledge about sexual assault.

The State of the World's Children 2009 Report

added 03/13/2009

"The State of the World's Children 2009 examines critical issues in maternal and newborn health, underscoring the need to establish a comprehensive continuum of care for mothers, newborns and children. The report outlines the latest paradigms in health programming and policies for mothers and newborns, and explores policies, programmes and partnerships aimed at improving maternal and neonatal health. Africa and Asia are a key focus for this report, which complements the previous year's issue on child survival."

The Use of Truth-Telling Devices in Sexual Assault Investigations (pdf)

added 10/02/2009

"This guide examines the use of polygraph tests and other truth-telling devices (sometimes called “lie-detector tests”) in sexual assault investigations. This guide examines special issues relevant to using truth-telling devices with sexual assault victims. Legislative and judicial actions that have been taken as a result of this debate will also be discussed. Victim advocates, law enforcement officers, and policy makers may use this guide to develop policies, practices, and procedures and to improve collaborations regarding the use of truth-telling devices as the VAWA 2005 provision is adopted across the United States."

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Manual on the preparation, filing and processing of applications pursuant to the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA). Also includes detailed information on Special Immigrant Juvenile Status for Children Under Juvenile Court Jurisdiction, and U and T Non-Immigrant Visas (Victims of Crime and Trafficking). A good resource for advocates and legal professionals working with these victims.
This document takes some time to download, especially with a slow connection.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 1-100 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 101-200 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 201-300 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 301-380 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

Tips for Social Workers, Counselors, Health Workers, Teachers, Clergy and Others Helping Victims of Rape, Domestic Violence, and Child Abuse

added 10/29/2002

This is a good introduction to advocacy concepts used when working with victims of intimate violence, rape and child abuse. It is designed for use both as a workshop outline and as a guide for direct interactions with individual clients.

Tools for Change: An Introduction to the Primary Prevention of Sexual Assault (pdf)

added 10/18/2009
Morgan J Curtis and Tim Love, Texas Association Against Sexual Assault

"This document will introduce readers to primary prevention and to the concepts, terms and models that comprise this approach. It will explore the movement’s history for lessons learned and talk about how the work of preventing sexual violence connects directly and indirectly to the work that each of us in the movement does. Finally, it will help you talk the talk. We will explore the public health model and associated terminology so that you can use it if you need it (e.g., when talking with funders), but it will not be a main focus."

Training Bulletin: Does it violate a patient’s privacy rights when a health care provider calls out a victim advocate? (pdf)

added 01/23/2013

Health care professionals and others have asked whether routine notification of advocates violates the privacy protections outlined in HIPAA (the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996). This bulletin seeks to respond to this important question with the input of experts, legal information and recommendations.

Training Bulletin: Words Matter, Suggested Guidelines on Language Use for Sexual Assault (pdf)

added 06/19/2013
End Violence Against Women International

We all know that words matter, and this can be especially true when we are talking about sexual assault. This training bulletin is a document that was originally developed to provide guidance on language use for the authors and editors of Sexual Assault Report, a publication EVAWI has co-edited for five years.

Transforming the National AIDS Response: Advancing Women’s Leadership and Participation (pdf)

added 07/25/2010

"The second in a series of resource guides dedicated to highlighting strategies for incorporating gender equality and women’s rights into national HIV and AIDS responses. This publication discusses various approaches for advancing women’s leadership and meaningful participation of HIV-positive women in the AIDS response."

Transitional Housing Services for Victims of Domestic Violence: A Report from the Housing Committee of the National Task Force to End Sexual and Domestic Violence

added 06/30/2006
Amy Correia and Anna Melbin

This paper describes results of phone interviews with twelve domestic violence transitional housing programs across the country. Key considerations for new and emerging programs are offered. Program profiles are also provided.

Other formats: pdf

Truths About Sexual Abuse in U.S. Detention Facilities (pdf)

added 03/27/2010

"This 2 page fact sheet talks about sexual violence in detention and how the general public knows so little about the reality of sexual abuse behind bars."

UN study on Violence Against Children

added 03/13/2009

"A press release on a new effort to provide a detailed global picture of the nature, extent and causes of violence against children, and propose clear recommendations for action to prevent and reduce such violence. The study focuses on violence against children in five settings: the home and family, schools and educational settings, other institutional settings (orphanages, children in conflict with the law), the community and on the streets, and work situations. "

Understanding and Protecting Your Children from Child Molesters and Predators

added 06/11/2008
Cory Jewell Jensen and Steve Jensen for Oprah.com (2002)

"This packet provides information about child molesters and some of the things you, your family and community can do to help keep children safe."

Understanding DNA Evidence: A Guide for Victim Service Providers

added 08/07/2009
Kathryn M.Turman

"Forensic DNA technology is revolutionizing the way law enforcement officers investigate violent crimes, including crime scene investigation, counseling rape victims to not wash away critical evidence, accurate conviction of offenders, and connecting offenders to other brutal crimes. This 12-page document examines the uses of DNA, evidence collection and preservation, testing methods and interpretation of test results and post conviction for DNA testing. A glossary of terms and a reference / resource list are also included. "

Understanding the Transgendered Community: A Technical Assistance Bulletin for Sexual Assault Counselors and Advocates (pdf)

added 04/21/2010

"This bulletin provides information on violence in the lives of the transgender community and guidelines for outreach."

UNIFEM Annual Report 2004/2005 (pdf)

added 08/23/2005
 

The Annual Report documents UNIFEM's work to foster women's empowerment and gender equality around the world. It highlights some of the organization's initiatives during the year 2004–2005, among which were initiatives in promoting women's political participation and leadership in post-conflict situations, easing the burden of HIV/AIDS on women, promoting women's right to own land, and supporting the creation and implementation of gender-responsive budgets.

UNiTE to End Violence against Women: The Framework for Action (pdf)

added 05/15/2009

"The overall objective is raising public awareness and increasing political will and resources for preventing and responding to all forms of violence against women and girls – in all parts of the world. The Framework for Action provides an overall “umbrella” for the efforts to be undertaken at global, regional, national and local levels. It identifies five key outcomes as benchmarks for the Campaign, to be achieved in all countries by 2015, and outlines a UN Programme of Activities and expected Outputs."

Unspoken Crimes: Sexual Assault in Rural America (pdf)

added 05/09/2003
National Sexual Violence Resource Center

This booklet considers rural characteristics that deter reporting and helps explain why sexual assaults in rural areas are often unspoken crimes. It reviews some of the data on the prevalence of rural sexual assault because although rural sexual victimizations may be unspoken and unreported, it does not mean that they are not occurring. The booklet also reviews many of the difficulties encountered by advocates and offers insight and best practices of rural advocates.

VAWnet Mini-Special Collection: Supporting the Women of Haiti

added 04/07/2010

"This collection includes initiatives supporting relief efforts in Haiti, especially those focused on delivering aid to women and responding to those at higher risk for sexual and/or domestic violence."

Victim Responses to Sexual Assault: Counterintuitive or Simply Adaptive?

added 12/12/2007
Patricia L. Fanflik

"This resource provides information on the different responses that individuals who are sexually assaulted display as well as the different coping strategies of victims."

Vietnamese Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 06/29/2010

Vietnamese translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence.

Violence Against Native Women: A Guide for Practitioner Action (pdf)

added 03/12/2010
Shelby Settles Harper (Caddo Nation) and Christina Marie Entrekin (Oneida)

This paper is intended to serve as a guide to practitioners who represent Native women who are the victims of domestic and sexual violence. It is dedicated to the brave Native women whose faces are behind the horrifying statistics. Includes practice tips for law enforcement, tribal leaders, judges, advocates, attorneys, prosecutors, and probation/parole officers.

Violence Against Women and Girls: A Compendium of Monitoring and Evaluation Indicators (pdf)

added 04/30/2010
Shelah S. Bloom

"This compendium offers a set of monitoring and evaluation indicators for program managers, organizations, and policy makers working to address violence against women and girls at individual, community, district and national levels in developing countries."

Violence Against Women: Synthesis of Research for Advocacy Organizations (pdf)

added 11/21/2012
Jan L. Hagen and Judy L. Postmus

This report synthesizes empirical research in the areas of domestic violence and sexual assault for advocacy organizations. It is organized into three sections; each also addresses gaps in research. The first section addresses domestic violence and summarizes the empirical research related to batterers and victims. The second section considers rape and sexual assault, examining the effectiveness of rape law reforms, treatment of offenders, and services to victims. The third section briefly examines emerging issues related to violence against women: stalking, violence against immigrant women, domestic violence in lesbian relationships, and the relationship between domestic violence and welfare.

Violence in the Lives of Persons who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing

added 06/14/2009
National Resource Center on Domestic Violence in consultation with Gretchen Waech and the National Cross-Systems Advocacy Network

"This Special Collection offers information regarding the experiences and needs of individuals who are Deaf or hard of hearing and victims/survivors of domestic and/or sexual violence. The collection seeks to increase knowledge and understanding of deaf culture, provide resources to assist professionals working directly with deaf individuals, and highlight best practices."

Virginia's Healthcare Response to Sexual Assault: Guidelines for the Acute Care of Adult and Post-Pubertal Adolescent Sexual Assault Patients

added 07/11/2010
Virginia Sexual and Domestic Violence Action Alliance and the Virginia Chapter of the International Association of Forensic Nurses

This document provides detailed guidelines and tools to guide the integrated response to sexual assault by health care providers, law enforcement professionals, victim advocates, and others. The document is not intended to be state-specific therefore it provides an excellent model for other states to replicate.

Voting as a Form of Empowerment : A Technical Assistance Bulletin for Sexual Assault Counselors and Advocates (pdf)

added 04/21/2010

"This bulletin provides information on how advocates can assist survivors of sexual violence to connect with larger communities and have a larger voice in the policy decisions that impact their lives. "

What College Men Should Know About Sexual Assault, Rape and Sexual Battery (pdf)

added 08/07/2009
The San Diego Police Department

The San Diego Police Department created brochures for college men and women, in cooperation with Rana Sampson of Community Policing Associates. The brochures present various scenarios and then pose the question, "Is it rape?" Clear answers are provided for each scenario, based on California state laws. The brochure for men lists specific penalties they could face if they get one answer wrong. The materials can be useful in engaging students in dialogue, comparing their perceptions of what rape is against the legal system.

What College Women Should Know About Sexual Assault, Rape and Sexual Battery (pdf)

added 08/07/2009
The San Diego Police Department

"The San Diego Police Department created brochures for college men and women, in cooperation with Rana Sampson of Community Policing Associates. The brochures present various scenarios and then pose the question, "Is it rape?" Clear answers are provided for each scenario, based on California state laws. The brochure for men lists specific penalties they could face if they get one answer wrong. The materials can be useful in engaging students in dialogue, comparing their perceptions of what rape is against the legal system. "

WHO Ethical and Safety Recommendations for Researching, Documenting and Monitoring Sexual Violence in Emergencies (pdf)

added 05/17/2009

A supplement to existing ethical and safety guidelines for research and documentation involving human subjects. Recommendations addressing issues that arise in the context of research on sexual violence during emergencies are also provided.

Why Does Abuse Happen in Later Life?

added 05/27/2009

"This forum explores the issue of elder abuse and is hosted by Diana Christen, Executive Director of the Family Life Center, a Certified Domestic/Sexual Violence Center and Emergency Shelter in Bunnell, Florida. Diana has specialized in the prevention of domestic/sexual violence for over 10 years."

Why It Matters: Rethinking Victim Assistance for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer Victims of Hate Violence and Intimate Partner Violence

added 03/27/2010
The National Center for Victims of Crime and the National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs

/*Not available 7/17/12 "This report, the product of a 2009 survey of victim assistance providers and LGBTQ anti-violence programs throughout the United States, describes widespread gaps in victim services for LGBTQ victims of crime and recommends steps to improve both the services and their accessibility."

With an End in Sight (pdf)

added 04/07/2009
Cheywa Spindel, Elisa Levy, Melissa Connor, UNIFEM

"With an End in Sight" narrates inspiring stories showing how groups of people are moving ahead and creating new ideas to combat violence against women. It provides knowledge, insight and hope of how violence against women can be eliminated with combined effort, compelling advocacy, and wide-reaching education.

Women and Health: Today’s Evidence, Tomorrow’s Agenda (pdf)

added 04/30/2010

"This report reviews evidence on the health issues that particularly affect girls and women throughout their life course. This report uses currently available data to draw attention to the consequences and costs of failing to address health issues at appropriate points in their lives."

Yaari Dosti: Young Men Redefine Masculinity (pdf)

added 04/30/2010

"This training manual is a tool for those aiming to promote gender equity and address masculinity as a strategy for the prevention of HIV infection. The Manual is based on operations research that was undertaken in Mumbai and Uttar Pradesh to develop educational activities targeted to young men."

Youth Activism: Engaging Teens in the Sexual Violence Prevention Movement (pdf)

added 04/21/2010

"This bulletin discusses how to engage youth as valued partners in sexual violence prevention work."


Children

15 Years of the United Nations Rapporteur on Violence against Women, Its Causes and Consequences (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

This report reviews the status of violence against women as researched in 14 annual reports, 32 country mission reports, and 11 communication reports published as recently as December 2008. The report focuses on reproductive health and rights, poverty, migration, internally displaced persons (IDPs), women refugees, trafficking, aging, and adolescent girls. It also highlights how the mandate on violence against women has changed, what has been learned, and problems still to be addressed.

A Novel, Intensive Home-Visiting Intervention for Runaway, Sexually Exploited Girls

added 11/01/2009
Laurel D. Edinburgh and Elizabeth M. Saewyc

"This study both describes a home-visiting intervention program for young, sexually assaulted runaways (10-14 years old) and provides preliminary outcomes from the first 20 female participants. Following the one-year intervention, teens' risk behaviors decreased, including truancy, runaway episodes, sexually transmitted infections and substance use."

Other formats: pdf

A Struggle for Justice: Incest Victims in Pakistan (pdf)

added 01/30/2012
Equality Now, WAR Lahore, Nasreen Welfare Trust Legal Aid Services

This report highlights the difficulties women and girls are faced with in accessing justice in cases of sexual violence, particularly incest. Included in this report are a survey of incest cases in Pakistan, a summary of published legal opinions in incest cases, identification of obstacles to justice and a compilation of good practice examples from other countries that have addressed similar obstacles. The authors hope this report will be used as a guide towards making the Pakistani judicial system more supportive of future victims which will have a deterrent effect on perpetrators.

Addressing Gender-based Violence: UNFPA Strategy and Framework for Action (pdf)

added 03/11/2009

This report, grounded in UNFPA's overarching goal of eliminating violence against women and girls, identifies particular areas where action is most urgently needed and proposes general policy frameworks for combating gender-based violence.

Beyond Child Labour, Affirming Rights (pdf)

added 03/18/2009

Beyond Child Labour shows how UNICEF and its major partners are working to end child labour, a cause of poverty.

Boys will be Boys: Understanding the Impact of Child Maltreatment and Family Violence on the Sexual, Reproductive, and Parenting Behaviors of Young Men (pdf)

added 06/25/2010
Abby Kahn and Pat Paluzzi, Healthy Teen Network

A paper on the impact of physical, sexual, and psychological abuse, and exposure to family violence on the sexual, reproductive, and parenting behaviors of young men.

Case by case: news coverage of child sexual abuse

added 02/02/2012
Dorfmann, Lori ; Mejia, Pamela ; Cheyne, Andrew ; Gonzalez, Priscilla .

To understand how child sexual abuse is covered in the media, the researchers selected a representative sample of U.S. news over a span of three years, then coded the content in detail. Results on the content, language, how the act was characterized, who's voices are presented, etc. are all presented. The conclusion includes recommendations for advocates and reporters.

Child Abuse and Neglect: Compendia of Civil and Criminal State Laws (pdf)

added 01/07/2009
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect

"This compendia list how each state in the U.S. defines child abuse and neglect. The compendia of civil state laws are to help legal and non-legal professionals in the analysis, formulation, and implementation of child protection and child welfare legislation. The Compendia (previously titled State Statutes Elements) contain citations and text of key civil statutes pertaining to child maltreatment, child welfare, and domestic violence. The Compendia are intended as research tools and do not substitute for the official version of any statute."

Child abuse, child pornography and the internet (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
John Carr

This report seeks to determine to what extent the internet facilitates sexually abusive behavior in individuals. The report also discusses the role that child pornography can play in stimulating individuals with sexual interest in children to go on committing real life offences against children. The author concludes by proposing ways to increase protection for children using the internet and reduce the amount of child pornography being posted on the internet.

Child and Family Service Review Outcomes: Strategies to Improve Domestic Violence Responses in CFSR Program Improvement Plans (pdf)

added 11/15/2009
Shellie Taggart

"Child and Family Service Reviews (CFSRs) evaluate public child welfare systems to determine how well they achieve safety, permanency, and well-being in difficult situations of neglect, physical and sexual abuse, and co-existing domestic violence, substance abuse, mental health issues, poverty, and community violence. This guide can help stakeholders develop effective (Program Improvement Plans) PIPs for achieving safety, permanency, and well-being in domestic violence cases, and to identify or anticipate related technical assistance needs."

Child Protection Information Sheets (pdf)

added 03/18/2009

"This booklet comprises 14 information sheets which highlight how child protection is crucial to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. Covering different forms of abuse, these sheets also outline how to build a protective environment for children and what UNICEF is doing on the ground to protect children."

Child Sexual Abuse and Subsequent Psychopathology: Results From the National Comorbidity Survey (pdf)

added 08/19/2008
Beth E. Molnar, ScD, Stephen L. Buka, ScD, and Ronald C. Kessler, PhD

"This study examines the relationship between child sexual abuse (CSA) and subsequent onset of psychiatric disorders, accounting for other childhood adversities, CSA type, and chronicity of the abuse."

Child Sexual Abuse: Child Survivors, Mothers, and Perpetrators Tell Their Stories (pdf)

added 01/14/2009
Jane Gilgun, Ph.D., LICSW and Alankaar Sharma, MSW

This book is full of hard-to-find information about child sexual abuse and is based on interviews with children, mothers, and perpetrators. Through these interviews, questions many people have surrounding this issue are answered. This book reveals how our culture gangs up on child victims to the benefit of perpetrators.

Child Trafficking for Sexual Purposes Report (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

End Child Prostitution, Child Pornography and Trafficking of Children for Sexual Purposes (ECPAT International) released a report in November 2008 on the global problem of child sex trafficking. The report sums up progress countries have made since passing laws to combat child sex trafficking. Finally, the report highlights key lessons learned and discusses six recommendations to improve strategies and policies.

Child-Pornography Possessors Arrested in Internet-Related Crimes: Findings From the National Juvenile Online Victimization Study (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Janis Wolak ; David Finkelhor ; Kimberly J. Mitchell

"This report presents findings from the National Juvenile Online Victimization (N-JOV) Study describing arrests and characteristics of offenses and offenders for Internet-related sex crimes committed against minors."

Childhood Sex Abuse Increases Risk for Drug Dependence in Adult Women

added 07/31/2008
Patrick Zickler, The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) (April 2002)

"The article briefly discusses the data results gathered from interviews of women revealing that those who experienced any type of sexual abuse in their childhood were roughly three times more likely than unabused girls to report drug dependence as adults."

Children with Sexual Behavior Problems: Common Misconceptions vs. Current Findings (pdf)

added 07/07/2008

"This fact sheet provides information about children who demonstrate developmentally inappropriate or aggressive sexual behavior. It addresses some common myths about this population and provides findings from research on the issue."

Children’s and Adolescents’ Participation and Protection from Sexual Abuse and Exploitation (pdf)

added 06/08/2010
Clare Feinstein and Claire O’Kane

"A paper reviewing government commitments to strengthen participation by children and adolescents to protect them from sexual abuse and exploitation. The paper provides recommendations for further research, policy development, and programming to support advocacy and practice with and by children and adolescents. "

Children’s Exposure to Violence: A Comprehensive National Survey (pdf)

added 10/23/2009
David Finkelhor, Heather Turner, Richard Ormrod, Sherry Hamby, and Kristen Kracke

"This Bulletin discusses the National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence that measured the past-year and lifetime exposure to violence for children age 17 and younger across several major categories: conventional crime, child maltreatment, victimization by peers and siblings, sexual victimization, witnessing and indirect victimization (including exposure to community violence and family violence), school violence and threats, and Internet victimization."

Chinese Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Chinese translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Debunking the Myths in the US Global AIDS Strategy: An Evidence Based Analysis (pdf)

added 06/28/2004

This evidence based research document criticizes assumptions that American global strategies on AIDS stand on and describes how such assumptions harm women and girls.

Do Children Sexually Abuse Other Children? (pdf)

added 11/30/2005

This is a piece of education material intended for all audiences that overviews childhood sexual abuse and the high incidence rates of children under the age of 18 years that are perpetrators.

Domestic Violence Against Women and Girls

added 06/11/2008
UNICEF, Innocenti Research Centre (May 2000)

"Highlights issues of abuse; femicide; forced prostitution; sexual abuse of children; sex-selective abortion, female infanticide and differential access to food and medical care; and, traditional and cultural practices that affect women's health and lives."

Don't Turn Your Back On Girls: Sexual Violence Against Girls In Haiti (pdf)

added 02/25/2009

A comprehensive report on sexual violence against girls in Haiti released by Amnesty International in late November of 2008. Over half of the 105 rapes reported in Haiti by the end of November were committed against girls under the age of 18, according to one of the few organizations in the country which collect rape statistics. The report includes findings on rape as a political weapon, the role of discrimination and poverty, and the state’s response.

Eliminating Violence against Children (pdf)

added 03/13/2009
Inter-Parliamentary Union and UNICEF

"Jointly produced by UNICEF and the Inter-Parliamentary Union, this handbook describes measures parliamentarians can take to end violence against children: they can legislate, oversee government activities, allocate financial resources and, as leaders in their nations and communities, raise awareness of issues."

Ending Violence Against Women

added 06/11/2008
Lori Heise, Mary Ellsberg and Megan Gottemoeller, Series L, Number 11, in Population Reports (December 1999)

"Highlights the 2 most prevalent types of abuse in the lives of women and girls around the world: intimate partner violence and rape. Demonstrates how world-wide gender-based violence is a major public health concern, suggesting strategies to respond."

European Parliament Report on Female Genital Mutilation in the European Union (pdf)

added 03/11/2009
European Parliament’s Women’s Rights Committee

"This new report found that over 500,000 women in Europe, especially refugees and immigrants, have been subjected to female genital mutilation (FGM). The report highlights various reasons for the prevalence of FGM and incorporates different frameworks for addressing the problem, including the human rights perspective, a women’s rights view, and children’s rights."

Evaluating Children’s Advocacy Centers’ Response to Child Sexual Abuse (pdf)

added 09/12/2008
Theodore P. Cross, Lisa M. Jones, Wendy A. Walsh, Monique Simone, David J. Kolko, Joyce Szczepanski, Tonya Lippert, Karen Davison, Arthur Cryns, Polly Sosnowski, Amy Shadoin, and Suzanne Magnuson

"With funding from OJJDP, researchers have now completed a four-site evaluation of CACs that, for the first time, contrasts them with comparison communities that did not have a CAC. This Bulletin presents an overview of the results. It examines how CACs affect forensic interviewing, child victim disclosures about abuse, children’s receipt of medical exams and mental health services, prosecution and conviction of offenders, removal of children from their homes, and family satisfaction with child abuse investigations."

Everything Left Behind: Internal Displacement in Colombia (pdf)

added 08/15/2009

"According to a new report there are currently between 3 and 4 million internally displaced people in Colombia, among the highest in the world. Internal displacement disproportionately affects women who are indigenous, Afro-descendant, or peasant farmers. For displaced women and girls, sexual assault, exploitation, and abuse are constant threats from armed groups or people who believe the women and girls are involved with armed groups. Displaced women and girls face discrimination from the communities they move to, presenting a significant barrier to assistance for victims of violence."

Farsi Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 06/30/2010

Farsi translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. It locates a range of abuses and abusers in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration.

Female Genital Cutting FAQ

added 07/30/2009

Compiled by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, this page offers answers to frequently asked questions on female genital cutting, the origin of its practices, current laws, and links to finding more information on the topic.

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: A statistical exploration

added 06/11/2008
The United Nations Children's Fund (November 2005)

"This publication analyzes available statistics on female genital mutilation/cutting, with the aim of improving understanding of related issues in the wider context of gender equality and social change."

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: Data and Trends (pdf)

added 02/20/2009

The Population Reference Bureau estimates that between 100 and 140 million girls and women worldwide have undergone female genital mutilation (FGM) and more than 3 million girls are at risk for cutting each year on the African continent alone. Global and national efforts to end FGM and cutting have supported legislation targeting excisors, medical professionals, and families who perpetuate the practice, but political will and implementation remain an issue.

Fourth National Incidence Study of Child Abuse and Neglect (NIS-4) (pdf)

added 03/07/2010

"The NIS is a congressionally mandated, periodic research effort to assess the incidence of child abuse and neglect in the United States. The NIS gathers information from multiple sources to estimate the number of children who are abused or neglected, providing information about the nature and severity of the maltreatment, the characteristics of the children, perpetrators, and families, and the extent of changes in the incidence or distribution of child maltreatment since the time of the last national incidence study."

Fractured Families, Fragile Children - The Sexual Vulnerability of Girls in the Aftermath of Divorce

added 07/14/2008
Robin Fretwell Wilson

" This article examines overwhelming empirical evidence in countries as geographically and culturally diverse as Costa Rica, Finland, South Africa and Taiwan confirming that divorce magnifies a girl's risk of molestation. This evidence shows that a female child faces a significantly elevated risk of being sexually abused after her parents divorce, either at the hands of a parent, a parent's partner or someone outside the home. Because courts have failed to grasp the extent to which girls in fractured families are at risk of sexual abuse, this article seeks to provide a framework for understanding the link between marital breakdown and subsequent sexual abuse."

Girls Count: A Global Investment & Action Agenda (pdf)

added 04/07/2010
Ruth Levine, Cynthia Lloyd, Margaret Greene, and Caren Grown, Center for Global Development

"This report describes why and how to initiate effective investments that will give adolescent girls in developing countries a full and equal chance for rewarding lives and livelihoods."

Guatemala’s Femicide Law: Progress Against Impunity? (pdf)

added 08/29/2009

This report places femicide within a particular historical, cultural and socio-political context describing the 36-year internal conflict that resulted in rape, torture and murder of tens of thousands of Guatemalan women and girls. Although the government has made some progress in implementing some aspects of the Law Against Femicide, the report also points out that the lack of understanding of the law, continued social unrest, poor media portrayal, and inadequate efforts to implement the law stand in the way of serious progress. The report concludes with recommendations for the government including improving investigation and prosecution of crimes of violence against women, and protection of the victims of violence and their children.

Handbook on Sensitive Practice for Health Care Practitioners: Lessons from Adult Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse

added 09/22/2004
Candice Schachter, Carol Stalker, Eli Teram, Gerri C. Lasiuk, Alanna Danilkewich

This handbook is designed to help health professionals address the health care needs of adult female survivors of childhood sexual abuse. It provides background information about childhood sexual abuse and its effects on survivors. It also introduces the principles of sensitive practice and provides practical suggestions that health professionals can incorporate into their clinical practice.

Homeless Youth and Sexual Exploitation: Research Findings and Practice Implications

added 03/27/2010

"This issue brief reviews research regarding the involvement of unaccompanied, homeless youth in various types of sexual exploitation including survival sex and recruitment into the commercial sex industry and recommends a series of programmatic responses to meet their needs."

Human Trafficking of Children in the United States: A Fact Sheet for Schools (pdf)

added 12/05/2007
U.S. Department of Education

"This fact sheet was developed for those working in school settings and provides an overview of human trafficking, how it affects schools, tips for identifying victims, and steps for reporting human trafficking."

If He is Raped: A Guidebook for Parents, Partners, Spouses, and Friends (pdf)

added 06/25/2010
Alan McEvoy, Debbie Rollo, and Jeff Brookings

"The focus of this book is on males who are raped by other males. It provides information about male rape and outlines the most important things you should know when confronted with an incident of male rape."

Intimate or Childhood Sexual Abuse and Obesity in Kentucky

added 11/04/2008
Ann L. Coker, PhD, MPH; Corrine Williams, ScD; James E. Ferguson, II, MD; Heather M. Bush, PhD; Yasmin Parrish; Leslie Crofford, MD

This study concluded that sexual abuse, whether experienced as an adult or child, was associated with a 32% increase in obesity among 4,391 women in Kentucky. The study also found that intimate partner violence and obesity are common health threats for women. The authors suggest that efforts to prevent physical and sexual abuse and mental health consequences of abuse on victims can have implications to improve women's health.

Juveniles Who Commit Sex Offenses Against Minors (pdf)

added 12/11/2009
David Finkelhor, Richard Ormrod, and Mark Chaffin

"This bulletin presents population-based epidemiological information about the characteristics of juvenile offenders who commit sex offenses against minors. The authors analyzed data from the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) and provided topical statistics highlighting the fact that juveniles account for more than one-third (35.6 percent) of this type of offender. Findings may support the development of research-based interventions and policies to reduce sexual assault and child molestation as perpetrated by juvenile offenders."

Korean Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Korean translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Let's Talk: Adults Talking to Adults about Child Sexual Abuse (pdf)

added 11/30/2005

This brochure was primarily designed for adults who are concerned about the possible presence of child sexual abuse within their community. Stop It Now! believes that learning how to talk about your concerns can help protect a child in your life and this guide gives you the tools to speak about your concern.

Little Children Are Sacred: Exploring Accountability to Australia's Aboriginal Children

added 07/13/2010

This collection explores accountability to aboriginal children in the Northern Territory of Australia through a critical analysis of government action (and inaction) - presented generally as its follow-up to recommendations in the Little Children are Sacred report of 2007 - and a review of the community-based response to the government interventions.

Make it Matter: 10 Key Advocacy Messages to Prevent HIV in Girls and Young Women (pdf)

added 04/16/2010
IPPF, UNFPA, Young Positives, Global Coalition on Women & AIDS

"The aim of this guide is to equip its users with key messages, evidence and actions that can be used to advocate effectively to prevent HIV in girls and young women. It focuses on three goals as a response to the epidemic: improving the accessibility of sexual and reproductive health services for girls and young women; expanding socio-economic opportunities; and ending child marriage."

Mothers of Sexually Abused Children: Trauma and Repair in Longitudinal Perspective

added 09/18/2006

This study addressed the increase in maternal psychological stress that develops following the disclosure of their child's sexual abuse. A mother's stress is often correlated and associated with the child's coping skills and level of stress, thus it is extremely important to work with mother on relieving/alleviating their stress so as to in turn work the child at healing from their sexual trauma.

No One to Turn To: The Under-Reporting of Child Sexual Exploitation and Abuse by Aid Workers and Peacekeepers (pdf)

added 09/21/2010

No One to Turn To seeks to move the debate on and reinvigorate efforts to address the problem of the under-reporting of child sexual exploitation and abuse by aid workers and peacekeepers. Based on research with communities and international organizations, it examines the chronic under-reporting of abuse and the inadequate response to it. It provides new analysis on why this abuse persists despite international efforts to stop it, and proposes new solutions to tackle it.
Also available in French

On the Road to Equality: Statewide Findings & Policy Recommendations (pdf)

added 05/25/2010

"A supplement to the Status of Girls in Minnesota report by the Women’s Foundation of Minnesota in partnership with the Institute for Women’s Policy Research. Focus groups were conducted in 18 Minnesota communities that included African American, Latino, Native American, Asian American, LBT (Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender), and disabilities communities — to share key research findings and gain community input. This report captures the voices and policy recommendations of these communities, nonprofit and public leaders."

Online Victimization of Youth: Five Years Later (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Janis Wolak, Kimberly Mitchell, and David Finkelhor

"This second groundbreaking national survey of 1,500 youth aged 10 to 17 documented their use of the Internet and experiences while online including unwanted exposure to sexual solicitation, sexual material, and harassment. It was produced in cooperation with OJJDP and the University of New Hampshire’s Crimes against Children Research Center and includes recommendations to help make the Internet safer for children."

Platform for Action: Towards the Abandonment of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) (pdf)

added 04/07/2009
The Donors Working Group on Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting, UNIFEM

This Platform for Action summarizes the key elements on the programmatic approach to support the abandonment of the FGM/C practice and make a major difference for girls and women worldwide.

Preliminary Adaptations for Working with Traumatized Latino/Hispanic Children and Their Families (pdf)

added 11/30/2010

The Culture and Trauma Briefs series serves to support the NCTSN commitment to raising the standard of care for traumatized children, their families, and their communities by highlighting the diversity of needs and experiences of those children, families, and communities.
This report was developed through information gathered via a preliminary focus group of bilingual/bicultural therapists at a children's hospital in California to address the needs of diverse Latino populations seeking care.

Prevent Child Sexual Abuse: Facts About Abuse and Those Who Might Commit It (pdf)

added 04/12/2006

A booklet that provides information about people who may commit child sexual abuse. Additional facts regarding what to look for in children who may have been abused and the need to develop a safety plan are included.
The link should take you to a page where you will first have to fill out a request form, and then can access the report.

Preventing Child Sexual Abuse: A National Resource Directory & Handbook (pdf)

added 10/02/2009

"This directory brings together many of the currently available resources and initiatives related to child sexual abuse prevention, providing descriptions of organizations, programs, projects and a wide range of resources. Also features category indices, resource bibliographies, and highlights related research and key stakeholders."

Profiting from abuse: An investigation into the sexual exploitation of children (pdf)

added 07/07/2008
UNICEF

"Highlights ways children are sexually exploited around the world, factors contributing to this exploitation, and responses various states, communities, organizations, and individuals have taken to respond to/prevent/decrease child sexual exploitation."

Prostitution of Children and Child-Sex Tourism: An Analysis of Domestic and International Responses (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Eva J. Klain, JD, of the American Bar Association Center on Children and the Law

"This paper addresses both domestic and international responses to the prostitution of children within the United States and abroad. The author highlights policy and practice issues regarding the legal system and social-service responses to prostituted children."

Protecting Children from Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Violence in Disaster and Emergency Situations (pdf)

added 04/07/2010

This document provides local and community-based organizations with strategies for preventing the sexual exploitation and trafficking of children during natural disasters and other emergencies.

Protecting Children in Cyberspace: The ICAC Task Force Program (pdf)

added 04/22/2002
Medaris,M., and Girouard, C.

January 2002 Bulletin. Discusses efforts by OJJDP's Internet Crimes Against Children (ICAC) Task Force Program that address emerging online threats, such as computer-facilitated sex crimes, directed at children and teenagers. The ICAC Task Force Program helps State and local law enforcement agencies develop effective responses to online enticement and child pornography offenses. Responses include investigative, forensic, community education, and victim service components. The information in this OJJDP Bulletin is intended to help parents, policymakers, and practitioners create an Internet environment in which children can participate safely.

Punjabi Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/23/2010

"Punjabi translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Registering Harm: How Sex Offense Registries Fail Youth Communities (pdf)

added 01/21/2009
Amanda Petteruti and Nastassia Walsh

"This report published by the Justice Policy Institute explores the negative impact that state compliance with the Adam Walsh Act will have on youth, communities, and states. "

Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Migrants (pdf)

added 08/15/2009
Jorge Bustamante

The author points out that female children are extremely vulnerable to gender-based violence during migration. Migration is often difficult and dangerous for female children due to “additional restrictions on travel” girls may face due to “male guardianships.” Female children are also vulnerable to human trafficking for sexual exploitation or forced labor during migration. The report concludes with recommendations for policy improvements on migration legislation.

Reporting on Child Sexual Abuse

added 03/04/2013
National Center for Victims of Crime (NCVC)

This web resource for journalists and reporters includes a guide to terminology, contextual information, related statistics, criminal and civil justice procedures and reporting do’s and don’ts. Navigation through this information is located in the left side bar under the heading, "Reporting on Child Sexual Abuse"

Safe Start Promising Approaches Communities: Working Together to Help Children Exposed to Violence (pdf)

added 11/04/2009

Launched by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention(OJJDP) and its Federal partners in the Department of Justice and the Department of Health and Human Services, the initiative is designed as a national framework which seeks to address the needs of children exposed to violence. This booklet describes each of the 15 Safe Start Promising Approaches communities and outlines how these programs are integrating evidence-based or promising practices as well as other complementary interventions within their geographical, agency, and community contexts.

Sexual Assault of Young Children as Reported to Law Enforcement: Victim, Incident, and Offender Characteristics (pdf)

added 05/22/2003
Howard N. Snyder, Ph.D., National Center for Juvenile Justice

Presents findings from the National Incident-Based Reporting System regarding sexual assault, especially young children.

Sexual Assault Risk Reduction Curriculum

added 08/07/2009
Ellen Hohenstein, M.A., Arline Kennedy, R.N

The curriculum was specifically developed to reduce the incidence of adolescent sexual assault through risk-reduction educational strategies. It is a powerful tool to assist school personnel, police, and community agency staff in their efforts to implement high-quality educational programs. The curriculum includes lessons for high school and middle school aged youth and can be used in either school or non-school settings.

Sexual Intercourse Among Adolescents Maltreated Before Age 12: A Prospective Investigation (pdf)

added 11/01/2009
Maureen M. Black, PhD, Sarah E. Oberlander, PhD, Terri Lewis, PhD, Elizabeth D. Knight, MSW, Adam J. Zolotor, MD, MPH, Alan J. Litrownik, PhD, Richard Thompson, PhD, Howard Dubowitz, MS, MD, Diana E. English, PhD

"This study found that maltreatment (regardless of type) predicts sexual intercourse by 14 and 16. Emotional distress explains the relationship by 14. By 16, other factors likely contribute to intercourse. Maltreated children are at risk for early initiation of sexual intercourse and sexually active adolescents should be evaluated for possible maltreatment."

Sexual Violence Against Women and Girls in War and Its Aftermath: Realities, Responses, and Required Resources (pdf)

added 07/21/2009
Jeanne Ward and Mendy Marsh, UNFPA

"This briefing paper was prepared for the Symposium on Sexual Violence in Conflict and Beyond, which took place in June 2006. It provides information on the nature and scope of the problem as well as evaluation of efforts to combat it."

Sexual Violence Research Agenda (pdf)

added 06/08/2009

"The Sexual Violence Research Initiative recently published the Sexual Violence Research Agenda. The publication recognizes eight key focus areas for research: nature, prevalence, social context and risk factors associated with sexual violence; appropriateness and effectiveness of sexual violence services; sexual violence prevention; sexual violence and restorative justice; sexual violence in conflict and emergency settings; child sexual abuse; human trafficking for sexual exploitation; and female genital cutting."

Sexually Assaulted Children - National Estimates and Characteristics (pdf)

added 01/13/2009
David Finkelhor, Heather Hammer, and Andrea J. Sedlak

"This bulletin provides information on the estimated number and characteristics of children who were sexually assaulted in the United States in 1999, based on interviews with victims and their families. It also presents statistical profiles of these children, including their demographic characteristics, according to the Second National Incidence Studies of Missing, Abducted, Runaway, and Thrownaway Children (NISMART-2.)"

Shattered Hearts: The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of American Indian Women and Girls in Minnesota (pdf)

added 10/18/2009

A groundbreaking report released by the Minnesota Indian Women’s Resource Center (MIWRC) highlights the alarming and pervasive sex trafficking of American Indian women and girls in Minnesota. The first comprehensive report of its kind, it highlights risk factors for victims that include poverty, a disproportionate number of American Indian homeless, high incidences of overall sexual assault, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and pervasive multi-generational trauma.

Sibling sexual abuse (pdf)

added 10/25/2012

This Research Summary into sibling sexual abuse will review the current literature on definitions, impacts, barriers to disclosure and legal issues in order to highlight this often hidden form of sexual abuse. The review will also explore the literature on implications for therapeutic interventions—particularly the shift in thinking about sibling sexual assault and the abusive sibling from a punitive response to a much more therapeutic response.

Other formats: html

So Much to Fear: War Crimes and the Devastation of Somalia (pdf)

added 02/25/2009

A Human Rights Watch report on the human rights violations being committed in the ongoing conflict in Somalia. It studies the conflict since late 2006, when the Ethiopian National Defense Force (ENDF) came to the aid to Somalia’s Transitional Federal Government (TFG) to overthrow the Islamic Courts Union (ICU). The report also includes several recommendations to the parties, as well as the African and European Unions, and the United Nations.

South Asia in Action: Preventing and responding to child trafficking - Analysis of anti-trafficking initiatives in the region (pdf)

added 06/08/2010

"This publication presents a regional analysis of anti-trafficking measures relevant to children in the countries of South Asia. It assesses national legal and policy frameworks and provides a list of recommended actions for the application of a rights-based approach to child trafficking."

Statistics Surrounding Child Sexual Abuse

added 06/11/2008
Darkness to Light

"This one-pager presents statistics surrounding the issue of child sexual abuse."

Status of Girls in Minnesota

added 05/25/2010
Women’s Foundation of Minnesota and the Institute for Women’s Policy Research

"This 2008 report provides detailed information on the status of girls in Minnesota. It also serves as a tool for advocates, researchers, and policy makers in developing a set of interventions that will ensure girls’ economic, social, and political equality in the state. "

Tagalog Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Tagalog translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Technology Safety & Advocacy Special Collection

added 03/03/2010

This special collection includes a categorized and annotated listing of selected articles, fact sheets, papers, reports and other materials regarding the use of technology as it impacts and intersects with violence against women and children. It is offered as an additional tool to assist advocates working on and interested in the safe use of technology.

THE EXPOSURE OF YOUTH TO UNWANTED SEXUAL MATERIAL ON THE INTERNET A National Survey of Risk, Impact, and Prevention (pdf)

added 01/07/2009
KIMBERLY J. MITCHELL, DAVID FINKELHOR, JANIS WOLAK

"This national survey of youth, ages 10 to 17, and their caretakers has several implications for the current debate about young people and Internet pornography. Twenty five percent of youth had unwanted exposure to sexual pictures on the Internet in the past year, challenging the prevalent assumption that the problem is primarily about young people motivated to actively seek out pornography. Most youth had no negative reactions to their unwanted exposure, but one quarter said they were very or extremely upset, suggesting a priority need for more research on and interventions directed toward such negative effects. The authors urge that social scientific research be undertaken to inform this highly contentious public policy controversy."

The Four R's of Prevention: Back to School Safety In & Out of the Classroom by Stop It Now!

added 12/05/2007
Stop It Now!

"This article offers a review for adults of the Four R's of preventing child sexual abuse - Rules, Reading, Respect, and Responsibility - and offers tips on each one."

The Health Impacts on Adult Women of Childhood Sexual Violence Before the Age of Twelve Years

added 07/13/1999
Karen Hughes, Heather Stephens, Amy Difranco, Linda Manning, Natalie van der Torrn, Cathy North & Miriam Taylor

This is a 1998 report by seven authors of Ipswich, Queensland, Australia. The authors describe the health consequences in adulthood that often emerge as a consequence of childhood sexual violence. High rates of depression and dissociation resulted, as well as a low rate of school completion. The experiences of women when they sought help are described.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

The Hofstede Committee Report: Juvenile Prostitution in Minnesota (pdf)

added 08/05/2002
 

This report provides an overview of juvenile prostitution, the sex industry in Minnesota, and efforts to end juvenile prostitution. This report also recommends tougher penalties for people who exploit children and teenagers.

The Impact of Armed Conflict on Women and Girls (pdf)

added 03/14/2003

This report of a consultative meeting is intended to contribute to the United Nations study on the Impact of Armed Conflict on Women and Girls, requested by the United Nations Security Council. This report reflects the purpose of the meeting which was twofold: first, to examine and explore the impact of armed conflict on women and girls; and, second, to formulate strategies and tools to ensure that reproductive health programmes accurately reflect this population’s needs, specifically by addressing them through a comprehensive, gendersensitive approach.

The Impact of Conflict on Women and Girls in West and Central Africa and the UNICEF response (pdf)

added 03/13/2009

"This first-of-its-kind study by UNICEF on the situation of war-affected girls and women in the region highlights innovative programmes being implemented with partners to address the impact of conflict, and recommends how UNICEF can more proactively champion the rights of girls - particularly adolescent girls."

The National Report on Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking: America’s Prostituted Children (pdf)

added 10/02/2009

The report reveals findings of three years of intensive research on the issue of child sex trafficking in America from ten locations across the U.S. The study found that at least 100,000 children are used in prostitution every year in the United States and that the average age of entry into prostitution is 13 years old.

The prevalence of child abuse and neglect

added 05/28/2010
Rhys Price-Robertson, Leah Bromfield and Suzanne Vassallo

"A resource sheet that summarizes the current knowledge about the prevalence of child abuse and neglect in Australia. It provides an overview of Australian studies that have estimated the prevalence of the different forms of child maltreatment."

The State of the World's Children 2009 Report

added 03/13/2009

"The State of the World's Children 2009 examines critical issues in maternal and newborn health, underscoring the need to establish a comprehensive continuum of care for mothers, newborns and children. The report outlines the latest paradigms in health programming and policies for mothers and newborns, and explores policies, programmes and partnerships aimed at improving maternal and neonatal health. Africa and Asia are a key focus for this report, which complements the previous year's issue on child survival."

The Traumatic Impact of Child Sexual Abuse: A Conceptualization (pdf)

added 08/19/2008
David Finkelhor, Ph.D., and Angela Browne, Ph.D.

"In this paper a framework is proposed for a more systematic understanding of the effects of child sexual abuse. Four traumagenic dynamics – traumatic sexualization, betrayal, stigmatization, and powerlessness – are identified as the core of the psychological injury inflicted by abuse. These dynamics can be used to make assessments of victimized children and to anticipate problems to which these children may be vulnerable subsequently. Implications for research are also considered."

The War Within the War: Sexual Violence Against Women and Girls in Eastern Congo

added 03/05/2003

This report documents the frequent and sometimes systematic use of rape and other forms of sexual violence in the Rwandan-occupied areas of eastern Congo. This report focuses on crimes of sexual violence committed by soldiers and other combatants. But rape and other sexual crimes are not just carried out by armed factions but also increasingly by police and others in positions of authority and power, and by opportunistic common criminals and bandits, taking advantage of the prevailing climate of impunity and the culture of violence against women and girls.

Trafficking and Forced Prostitution of Palestinian Women and Girls: Forms of Modern Day Slavery

added 12/17/2009
SAWA – All the Women Together Today and Tomorrow

"The first, in-depth study of its kind within the region that digs deeper to unravel the layers of this type of abuse. The paper analyzes six case studies — two on fathers selling their daughters, three on traffickers and one on a woman working in prostitution. It assesses and measures the extent of women trafficking in the Palestinian region in order to call on civil society organizations and Palestinian governmental institutions to take urgent and concrete actions against this human rights violation."

Other formats: pdf

Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation (pdf)

added 07/31/2008
Pan-American Health Organization (July 2001)

"This fact sheet provides a brief overview of sex trafficking of women and children in the Americas and explores the life-threatening health consequences of this type of human trafficking."

Trafficking in Persons Report 2009 (pdf)

added 06/23/2009

"The ninth annual report seeks to increase global awareness of the human trafficking phenomenon by shedding new light on various facets of the problem and highlighting shared and individual efforts of the international community, and to encourage foreign governments to take effective action against all forms of trafficking in persons."

Transforming Communities to Prevent Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation: A Primary Prevention Approach (pdf)

added 09/25/2009

"This policy brief presents the distilled research and critical thinking of a diverse group of local and national experts in the field of child sexual abuse and exploitation. Via candid dialog and interviews, these leaders developed and prioritized primary prevention strategies, analyzed environmental factors and norms that perpetuate these problems, and outlined policies and practices for transforming our communities and our nation during these turbulent political and economic times."

UN study on Violence Against Children

added 03/13/2009

"A press release on a new effort to provide a detailed global picture of the nature, extent and causes of violence against children, and propose clear recommendations for action to prevent and reduce such violence. The study focuses on violence against children in five settings: the home and family, schools and educational settings, other institutional settings (orphanages, children in conflict with the law), the community and on the streets, and work situations. "

Understanding and Protecting Your Children from Child Molesters and Predators

added 06/11/2008
Cory Jewell Jensen and Steve Jensen for Oprah.com (2002)

"This packet provides information about child molesters and some of the things you, your family and community can do to help keep children safe."

Violence Against Girls in Conflict with the Law

added 07/21/2009

This article documents the particular vulnerability to sexual abuse and rape of girls who come into contact with police and juvenile justice systems in various countries.

Violence Against Women: Classic Papers

added 08/21/2009
Raquel Kennedy Bergen, Jeffrey L. Edleson and Claire M. Renzetti

The purpose of this project was to assemble some of the classic works in the field of violence against women so that new generations of students, practitioners, and researchers would have a collective understanding of the work that has shaped the field. Included are commentaries from the original authors, when available, reflecting on why they authored the work when they did and the influence of their work on the field.

We'll Kill You If You Cry: Sexual Violence in Sierra Leone Conflict

added 03/05/2003

The report presents evidence of horrific abuses against women and girls in every region of Sierra Leone by the rebel Revolutionary United Front (RUF), as well as other rebel, government and international peacekeeping forces. The report is based on hundreds of interviews with victims, witnesses and officials, details crimes of sexual violence committed primarily by soldiers of various rebel forces —the RUF, the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC), and the West Side Boys. The report also examines sexual violence by government forces and militias, as well as international peacekeepers.

Other formats: pdf

Women and Health: Today’s Evidence, Tomorrow’s Agenda (pdf)

added 04/30/2010

"This report reviews evidence on the health issues that particularly affect girls and women throughout their life course. This report uses currently available data to draw attention to the consequences and costs of failing to address health issues at appropriate points in their lives."

Workers in the Shadows: Abuse and Exploitation of Child Domestic Workers in Indonesia (pdf)

added 10/02/2009

"This report documents how hundreds of thousands of girls in Indonesia, some as young as 11, are employed as domestic workers in other people’s households, performing tasks such as cooking, cleaning, laundry, and child care. Most girls interviewed for the report worked 14 to 18 hours a day, seven days a week, with no day off. Almost all are grossly underpaid, and some get no salary at all. In the worst cases, girls reported being physically, psychologically, and sexually abused."


Class/Race/Ethnicity

'I am at the lowest end of all' : Rural women living with HIV face human rights abuses in South Africa

added 06/11/2008
Amnesty International (AI) (March 2008)

"This report provides an analysis of patterns of human rights abuses against women who are exposed to the risk of or are already living with HIV in rural contexts of widespread poverty and unemployment."

Addressing Gender-based Violence: UNFPA Strategy and Framework for Action (pdf)

added 03/11/2009

This report, grounded in UNFPA's overarching goal of eliminating violence against women and girls, identifies particular areas where action is most urgently needed and proposes general policy frameworks for combating gender-based violence.

American Indians and Crime (pdf)

added 07/07/2008
Lawrence Greenfield and Steven Smith, U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics

"Reports rates and characteristics of violent crimes experienced by Native Americans and summarizes data on Native Americans in the criminal justice system."

American Indians and Crime: A BJS Statistical Profile, 1992-2002 (pdf)

added 09/18/2009
Steven W. Perry, BJS Statistician

"A summary of data on American Indians in the criminal justice system and reports the rates and characteristics of violent crimes experienced by American Indians. This report updates a previous BJS report, American Indians and Crime, published in 1999. The findings include the involvement of alcohol, drugs, and weapons in violence against Indians. The report describes victim-offender relationships, the race of those involved in violence against Indians, and the rate of reporting to police by victims. It discusses the rates of arrest, suspect investigations and charges filed, and incarceration of Indians for violent crimes."

Asian, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander Victims of Crime (pdf)

added 09/18/2009
Erika Harrell, Ph.D., BJS Statistician

"This report focuses on the victimization experiences of Asians, Native Hawaiians, and other Pacific Islanders in the United States. It examines nonfatal and fatal violent victimization and property victimization. It also includes comparisons between the victimization of Asians, Native Hawaiians, and other Pacific Islanders and other racial or ethnic groups, as well as information on victimization trends."

Baseline Survey on Sexual and Gender Based Violence in Rwanda (pdf)

added 12/17/2009
UNIFEM in collaboration with the Department of Applied Statistics of the National University of Rwanda

"This study was conducted to shed light on the magnitude of sexual and gender-based violence in Rwanda, and to determine and analyze the perceptions that communities have about the nature, causes and consequences of incidents of violence. This study also explores the subsequent actions that survivors have taken, and evaluates the role of various stakeholders in preventing and fighting sexual and gender-based violence."

Breaking the Links Between Poverty and Violence against Women: A Resource Guide (pdf)

added 05/27/2009

"This resource guide explores the ways in which poverty and violence are linked. It acknowledges the efforts of women’s groups, community organizations and service agencies that support low-income women to take control of and deal with the poverty and violence in their lives. Another area of focus is to inspire community-based groups to take action on poverty and violence issues by providing practical examples of what others are doing."

Breaking the Silence: A Training Manual for Activists, Advocates, and Latina Organizers (pdf)

added 10/29/2008
Sonia Parras Konrad, Bernardo Merino, Monica Arenas, Leni Marin, Virginia Ortega, Carolyn Hubbard, Family Violence Prevention Fund

"A guide for domestic violence service providers, activists, counselors and others focused on advancing the rights of battered immigrant women. Based on the FVPF's successful pilot project, the manual provides essential details on how to start organizing and maintaining a group of activists and counselors. This guide is also available in Spanish."

Breaking the Silence: A Training Manual for Activists, Advocates, and Latina Organizers (Spanish) (pdf)

added 10/29/2008
Sonia Parras Konrad, Bernardo Merino, Mónica Arenas, Leni Marin, Virginia Ortega, Carolyn Hubbard, Family Violence Prevention Fund

"The first ever guide for domestic violence service providers, activists, counselors and others focused on advancing the rights of battered immigrant women. Based on the FVPF's successful pilot project, the manual provides essential details on how to start organizing and maintaining a group of activists and counselors. This guide is also available in English."

Breaking Through the Silence: Key Issues and Recommendations to Address HIV/AIDS Among AAs and NHPIs in the U.S. (pdf)

added 08/23/2010

This document aims to serve as a policy tool for health departments, community based organizations, community partners, and policy makers interested in the health of Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander communities.

Cambodia: Exodus to the Sex Trade? (pdf)

added 08/15/2009

"This report suggests that the global financial crisis has led to an increase of women entering the sex trafficking industry in Cambodia. Women said they entered the sex trafficking industry mostly because of “difficult family circumstances,” and because they thought they could “easily earn a lot of money, in good working conditions." In order to combat this new trend, the report recommends strengthening social safety nets, linking women seeking jobs with alternative job placement assistance, targeted awareness raising and specific information outreach on accessing social services and how to utilize safer sources of loans and credit."

Chinese Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Chinese translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Coerced First Intercourse and Reproductive Health Among Adolescent Women in Rakai, Uganda

added 01/20/2005
Michael A. Koenig, Iryna Zablotska, Tom Lutalo, Fred Nalugoda, Jennifer Wagman and Ron Gray

This paper addresses linkages between coerced first sex and selected reproductive health behaviors and outcomes in a sample of 575 sexually experienced adolescent women in rural Uganda.

Colonization and Violence against Women (pdf)

added 06/30/2010
Val Kalei Kanuha

This article was created from the Proceedings from the National Summit on Domestic Violence in Asian and Pacific Islander Communities, which was held in June 2002. The article highlights various myths around the Asian and Pacific Islander cultures and colonization's role, as it relates to violence against women.

Commodifying Honor in Female Sexuality: Honor Killings in Palestine

added 10/08/2001
Suzanne Ruggi is a staff reporter for The Jerusalem Times.

Discusses honor killings and the history of this practice in Palestine.

Criminal Victimization, 2008 (pdf)

added 09/18/2009
Michael R. Rand, BJS Statistician

"The report includes data on violent crimes (rape/sexual assault, robbery, aggravated assault and simple assault), property crimes (burglary, motor vehicle theft and property theft), and personal theft (pocket picking and purse snatching), and the characteristics of victims of these crimes. The report also includes estimates of intimate partner violent crime and use of firearms and other weapons in the commission of violent crime overall."

Culture Handbook for working with those who have experienced sexual or domestic violence (pdf)

added 10/29/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

"This handbook is designed to be used by advocates and professionals who work with those who are victims of domestic and sexual violence. It provides some basic information on how to understand culture and begin the process of challenging oneself to become more aware of the ways in which culture impacts our work and the lives of those who are victims."

Detained and at Risk: Sexual Abuse and Harassment in United States Immigration Detention (pdf)

added 09/14/2010

This 24-page report describes documented incidents and allegations of sexual assault, abuse, and harassment in Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) detention. The report shows evidence of a disturbing pattern of abuse, and points to an urgent need for investigation and action to correct glaring gaps in detention policy and practice. Human Rights Watch emphasizes that the agency should make improvements swiftly to improve oversight of the entire detention system and the ensure accountability.

Don't Turn Your Back On Girls: Sexual Violence Against Girls In Haiti (pdf)

added 02/25/2009

A comprehensive report on sexual violence against girls in Haiti released by Amnesty International in late November of 2008. Over half of the 105 rapes reported in Haiti by the end of November were committed against girls under the age of 18, according to one of the few organizations in the country which collect rape statistics. The report includes findings on rape as a political weapon, the role of discrimination and poverty, and the state’s response.

Eliminating Barriers to Services for Latina/o Survivors of Sexual and Intimate Partner Violence (pdf)

added 12/01/2004

This is the position statement by Latino advocates to address barriers to services for Latina/o survivors of sexual and intimate partner violence

Everything Left Behind: Internal Displacement in Colombia (pdf)

added 08/15/2009

"According to a new report there are currently between 3 and 4 million internally displaced people in Colombia, among the highest in the world. Internal displacement disproportionately affects women who are indigenous, Afro-descendant, or peasant farmers. For displaced women and girls, sexual assault, exploitation, and abuse are constant threats from armed groups or people who believe the women and girls are involved with armed groups. Displaced women and girls face discrimination from the communities they move to, presenting a significant barrier to assistance for victims of violence."

Exploring the Association Between HIV and Violence: Young People's Experiences with Infidelity, Violence and Forced Sex in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

added 01/20/2005
Heidi Lary, Suzanne Maman, Maligo Katebalila, Ann McCauley and Jessie Mbwambo

This paper examines the relationship between HIV and sexual coercion in Tanzania.

Extent, Nature, and Consequences of Intimate Partner Violence (pdf)

added 08/04/2008
Patricia Tjaden and Nancy Thoennes, U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs (July 2000)

"Presents findings from the NVAW Survey on the extent, nature, and consequences of IPV in the US. The survey compares victimization rates among women and men, specific racial groups, Hispanics and non-Hispanics, and same-sex and opposite-sex cohabitants. "

Farsi Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 06/30/2010

Farsi translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. It locates a range of abuses and abusers in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration.

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: Data and Trends (pdf)

added 02/20/2009

The Population Reference Bureau estimates that between 100 and 140 million girls and women worldwide have undergone female genital mutilation (FGM) and more than 3 million girls are at risk for cutting each year on the African continent alone. Global and national efforts to end FGM and cutting have supported legislation targeting excisors, medical professionals, and families who perpetuate the practice, but political will and implementation remain an issue.

Final Report: Focus Group on Public Law 280 and the Sexual Assault of Native Women

added 06/11/2008
The Tribal Law and Policy Institute (TLPI) (December 2007)

"The Office on Violence Against Women (OVW) hosted a focus group in Green Bay, Wisconsin to discuss challenges to, and opportunities for, collaboration between states and tribes in Public Law 280 jurisdictions to address sexual assault in Indian country."

Final Report: Sexual Assault Among Latinas (SALAS) Study (pdf)

added 06/03/2010
Carlos A. Cuevas, Ph.D., Chiara Sabina, Ph.D.

A national study focusing on Latino women’s victimization involving sexual assault. The report highlights victimization experiences, help-seeking efforts, and cultural factors. Implications for policy and future research are discussed.

Five Years On: No Justice for Sexual Violence in Darfur

added 06/11/2008
Human Rights Watch (April 2008)

"Drawing on various data sources, this report covers: Sexual Violence in Darfur in 2007-08; Government's Response; International Response; and Sudan's Obligation to Prevent, Investigate and Punish Sexual Violence."

Forced Sexual Intercourse Among Young Adult Women Fact Sheet (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Emily Holcombe, B.A., Jennifer Manlove, Ph.D., and Erum Ikramullah, B.A./B.S.

"This Fact Sheet uses nationally representative data to describe the types of force used during forced sexual intercourse. Variations in rates of forced sexual intercourse by race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and sexual history are also examined."

Girls Count: A Global Investment & Action Agenda (pdf)

added 04/07/2010
Ruth Levine, Cynthia Lloyd, Margaret Greene, and Caren Grown, Center for Global Development

"This report describes why and how to initiate effective investments that will give adolescent girls in developing countries a full and equal chance for rewarding lives and livelihoods."

Guatemala’s Femicide Law: Progress Against Impunity? (pdf)

added 08/29/2009

This report places femicide within a particular historical, cultural and socio-political context describing the 36-year internal conflict that resulted in rape, torture and murder of tens of thousands of Guatemalan women and girls. Although the government has made some progress in implementing some aspects of the Law Against Femicide, the report also points out that the lack of understanding of the law, continued social unrest, poor media portrayal, and inadequate efforts to implement the law stand in the way of serious progress. The report concludes with recommendations for the government including improving investigation and prosecution of crimes of violence against women, and protection of the victims of violence and their children.

Hispanic Victims of Violent Crime, 1993-2000 (pdf)

added 07/07/2008
US Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics

"Examines violent crimes committed against Hispanic victims including rape, sexual assault, robbery, and aggravated and simple assault. Crime victimizations are compared with those of four non-Hispanic groups: whites, blacks, American Indians, and Asians."

Hurricanes Katrina/Rita and Sexual Violence: Report on Database of Sexual Violence Prevalence and Incidence Related to Hurricanes Katrina and Rita (pdf)

added 07/07/2008
National Sexual Violence Resource Center

"This is a preliminary report from the National Sexual Violence Resource Center on the first six months of data collection on sexual violence committed in the aftermath of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita."

Immigrant Populations as Victims: Toward a Multicultural Criminal Justice System (pdf)

added 07/07/2008
National Institute of Justice

"This report summarizes findings from a study about the criminal justice system's approach to immigrant victims of crime and barriers that prohibit immigrants from reporting crimes."

Impunity: Sexual Abuse in Women’s Prisons (pdf)

added 07/21/2009
Kim Shayo Buchanan, Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review, Vol. 42 (2007)

This article describes sexual abuse of female prisoners in the United States as ubiquitous and legal remedies as wholly inadequate, and emphasizes the racial dimensions of abuses perpetrated against female prisoners, the majority of whom are African-American and/or Latina.

Insecurity and Indignity: Women's experiences in the slums of Nairobi, Kenya (pdf)

added 08/11/2010

"A report documenting women’s experiences living in Kenyan slums. It states that women and girls in Nairobi's slums live under the constant threat of sexual violence. Violence against women is rarely prosecuted, creating a hostile living environment for women and girls. Amnesty urges the Kenyan government to address gendered violence and guarantee safe access to water and sanitation."

Iraq: Insecurity and Violence Against Women

added 07/13/2010

"This document aims to raise awareness about some of the realities facing women in Iraq. The collection focuses more specifically on how current events in Iraq have uniquely impacted Iraqi women and have engendered various forms of violence against women."

Justice Denied: The experiences of 100 torture surviving women of seeking justice and rehabilitation (pdf)

added 01/20/2010

"This report analyzed the experiences of 100 women from 24 countries who settled in the United Kingdom after surviving torture. The report stated that almost all of the women studied had experienced at least one incident of rape or sexual assault. The vast majority were unable to find help when they sought redress and could not access legal aid or the necessary healthcare. "

Korean Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Korean translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Little Children Are Sacred: Exploring Accountability to Australia's Aboriginal Children

added 07/13/2010

This collection explores accountability to aboriginal children in the Northern Territory of Australia through a critical analysis of government action (and inaction) - presented generally as its follow-up to recommendations in the Little Children are Sacred report of 2007 - and a review of the community-based response to the government interventions.

Male Ordered: The Mail-Order Bride Industry and Trafficking in Women for Sexual and Labour Exploitation (pdf)

added 05/15/2009

"This report provides extensive research of the mail-order bride industry in the United Kingdom. The industry is linked to the promotion of trafficking, prostitution, pornography and slavery. The report suggests that this industry not only exploits vulnerable groups of women but also reinforces racial and ethnic stereotypes. Recommendations are given on what the government can do to further protect women."

Maze of Injustice: The failure to protect Indigenous women from sexual violence in the USA (pdf)

added 08/24/2007

"Amnesty International hopes that this report can contribute to and support the work of the many Native American and Alaska Native women’s organizations and activists who have been at the forefront of efforts to protect and serve women... By supporting initiatives developed and directed by Indigenous women, Amnesty International seeks to provide an additional platform for discussion about sexual violence against Indigenous women."

Other formats: html

Mexico: Amnesty International Submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review

added 04/15/2009

An Amnesty International report submitted to the United Nations Human Rights Council in February 2009. The report highlighted problems in the area of violence against women, in particular, the prevalence of domestic violence in Mexico and the femicides in Ciudad Juarez along the U.S.-Mexican border.

Migrant Workers and Prevention (pdf)

added 03/27/2010

This issue of their Partners in Social Change newsletter examines in-depth primary prevention of sexual violence with migrant workers.

Modern-Day Comfort Women: The U.S. Military, Transnational Crime, and the Trafficking of Women (pdf)

added 10/23/2008
Donna M. Hughes, Katherine Y. Chon, and Derek P. Ellerman

"The U.S. military bases in South Korea were found to form a hub for the transnational trafficking of women from the Asia Pacific and Eurasia to South Korea and the United States. This study, conducted in 2002, examined three types of trafficking that were connected to U.S. military bases in South Korea: domestic trafficking of Korean women to clubs around the military bases in South Korea, transnational trafficking of women to clubs around military bases in South Korea, and transnational trafficking of women from South Korea to massage parlors in the United States."

National Crime Victimization Survey Criminal Victimization, 2007 (pdf)

added 01/06/2009
Bureau of Justice Statistics

"Presents estimates of rates and levels of personal and property victimization for 2007 and describes the substantial fluctuations in the survey measures of the crime rates from 2005 through 2007. The report includes data on violent crimes (rape/sexual assault, robbery, aggravated assault and simple assault), property crimes (burglary, motor vehicle theft and property theft), and personal theft (pocket picking and purse snatching), and the characteristics of victims of these crimes."

New language, old problem: Sex trafficking of American Indian women and children

added 12/09/2011

This VAWnet Applied Research Paper discusses the unique vulnerability of Native women and children for trafficking, summarizes research and other documents on sex trafficking of Native women and girls, discuss gaps in legal protections and victims support services, and concludes with implications for professionals.

On the Road to Equality: Statewide Findings & Policy Recommendations (pdf)

added 05/25/2010

"A supplement to the Status of Girls in Minnesota report by the Women’s Foundation of Minnesota in partnership with the Institute for Women’s Policy Research. Focus groups were conducted in 18 Minnesota communities that included African American, Latino, Native American, Asian American, LBT (Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender), and disabilities communities — to share key research findings and gain community input. This report captures the voices and policy recommendations of these communities, nonprofit and public leaders."

Poverty and Sexual Violence Building Prevention and Intervention Responses: A Guide for Counselors and Advocates (pdf)

added 04/21/2010

"This guide includes definitions and discussion of terms, a review of current literature showing the links between sexual violence and poverty, a philosophical framework for economic advocacy, strategies for application of the framework, conclusions and recommendations, as well as tools and resources."

Preliminary Adaptations for Working with Traumatized Latino/Hispanic Children and Their Families (pdf)

added 11/30/2010

The Culture and Trauma Briefs series serves to support the NCTSN commitment to raising the standard of care for traumatized children, their families, and their communities by highlighting the diversity of needs and experiences of those children, families, and communities.
This report was developed through information gathered via a preliminary focus group of bilingual/bicultural therapists at a children's hospital in California to address the needs of diverse Latino populations seeking care.

Preventing sexual violence in Latin@ communities: A national needs assessment (pdf)

added 07/09/2013
Prepared for the NSVRC by the Center for Evaluation & Sociomedical Research

This needs assessment was conducted to add to the limited body of research on sexual violence in Latin@ and/or Spanish-speaking communities. Assessment findings show a need for greater systemic and coordinated efforts to improve prevention and intervention services for these communities.
Spanish Version

Prevention is for Life HIV/AIDS: Dispatches from the Field (pdf)

added 06/08/2010

"This advocacy booklet uses real-life examples to explain how HIV prevention can save lives in diverse cultural and geographical settings. It includes chapters on youth and HIV, condom programming, protecting women and girls, linking HIV prevention with other sexual and reproductive health care, and empowering populations who are at particular risk."

Progress of South Asian Women 2005 (pdf)

added 04/23/2009
Dr. Ratna Sudarshan

"The document presents a snapshot of women's situation in South Asia, an overview of the processes at work promoting the advancement of women, and identifies gaps during the period 2000–2005. Some of the challenges noted are disproportionate returns to contributions, the added "burden of care," a declining sex ratio, increased gender-based violence, trafficking of women and girls, and the spread of HIV/AIDS."

Punjabi Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/23/2010

"Punjabi translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Reproductive Health of Urban American Indian and Alaska Native Women: Examining Unintended Pregnancy, Contraception, Sexual History and Behavior, and Non-Voluntary Sexual Intercourse (pdf)

added 07/06/2010

"This study provides a national picture of reproductive health and sexual violence for American Indian and Alaska Native women living in urban areas. Findings show American Indian and Alaska Native women living in urban areas were more likely than non-Hispanic whites to report non-voluntary first sexual intercourse, unintended and teen pregnancies, unprotected first sex and first sex with older partners."

Routinely Targeted: Attacks on Civilians in Somalia

added 06/11/2008
Amnesty International (May 2008)

"The report documents sexual violence and killing of Somali civilians by Ethiopian troops, militias, and Transitional Federal Government (TFG) forces."

Security Begins at Home (pdf)

added 02/25/2009

The Kosova Women’s Network released the country’s first study on domestic violence, called Security Begins at Home. The report highlights key points such as: what the citizens of Kosovo perceive as domestic violence, the forms and consequences of domestic violence, citizens' response to ending it, and the legal and institutional gaps in addressing it.

Seeking Protection: Addressing Sexual and Domestic Violence in Tanzania's Refugee Camps

added 03/05/2003

This report documents how Burundian refugee women confront daily violence in Tanzanian refugee camps.

Sex work, violence and HIV - A guide for programmes with sex workers (pdf)

added 06/08/2010

"This guide discusses the challenges involved in ensuring that violence is addressed in HIV programmes, gives a detailed understanding of violence in relation to sex work and challenges some common assumptions. The guide also provides examples from real programmes that illustrate ways in which HIV and AIDS projects can help reduce the incidence of violence against sex workers and provide support to those who experience violence. "

Sexual Abuse in U.S. Immigration Detention (pdf)

added 03/27/2010

"This brief fact sheet talks about the risk of sexual abuse that immigration detainees face and the difficulty of seeking assistance."

Sexual and reproductive health of women living with HIV/AIDS: Guidelines on care, treatment and support for women living with HIV/AIDS and their children in resource-constrained settings (pdf)

added 06/08/2010
UNFPA, WHO

"This publication addresses the specific sexual and reproductive health needs of women living with HIV/AIDS and contains recommendations for counseling, anti-retroviral therapy, care and other interventions."

Sexual Assault in Indian Country: Confronting Sexual Violence (pdf)

added 12/14/2005

This document highlights certain types of sexual assault evidence and presents it within the historical treatment of native populations, jurisdictional problems and prevalence of violence.

Other formats: plaintext

Sexual Victimization in Indian Country: Barriers and Resources for Native Women Seeking Help

added 07/07/2004
Sherry L. Hamby, Ph.D., Research Associate Professor,

This paper summarizes the barriers facing and resources available to American Indian victims of sexual victimization, with a focus on systemic barriers found in the organizations and communities most likely to serve native women. Additionally, the paper reviews how an understanding of these issues can enhance services and help eliminate violence against future generations of American Indian women.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Sexual Violence against Asian, Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander Women (pdf)

added 08/23/2010

This document provides guidelines for advocates on various points of intersection of domestic and sexual violence in the API communities.

Sexual Violence in Communities of Color (pdf)

added 07/07/2008
Women of Color Network

"This "Facts & Stats Collection" paper highlights specific issues and distinguishing dynamics that confront different women of color, including African American, Asian/Pacific Islander, Hispanic/Latino, and Native American/Alaskan Indian women."

Sexual Violence in the Lives of African American Women (pdf)

added 07/07/2008
Carolyn M. West, in consultation with Kalimah Johnson

"This paper synthesizes information on African American female victim/survivors. It addresses historical context, survivor traits, risk factors, health consequences, culturally sensitive responses, and resilience of survivors."

Shattered Hearts: The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of American Indian Women and Girls in Minnesota (pdf)

added 10/18/2009

A groundbreaking report released by the Minnesota Indian Women’s Resource Center (MIWRC) highlights the alarming and pervasive sex trafficking of American Indian women and girls in Minnesota. The first comprehensive report of its kind, it highlights risk factors for victims that include poverty, a disproportionate number of American Indian homeless, high incidences of overall sexual assault, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and pervasive multi-generational trauma.

Silence is Violence: End the Abuse of Women in Afghanistan (pdf)

added 07/29/2009

A new United Nations (UN) report on women in Afghanistan that focuses on the growing trend of violence and threats against women in public life and rape/sexual violence. The report concludes that these forms of violence are a huge occurrence in the everyday lives of Afghan women and the government has a crucial role in helping to eradicate these harmful practices towards women.

Silent Epidemic: A Survey of Violence Among Young Asian American Women

added 06/16/2005
National Asian Women's Health Organization

This report examines the impact of sexual violence, intimate partner violence and stalking on young Asian American women. The study also examines levels of awareness, prevalence, and access to services. It also addresses cultural and institutional barriers that Asian American victims of sexual violence, intimate partner violence and stalking may face.

So Much to Fear: War Crimes and the Devastation of Somalia (pdf)

added 02/25/2009

A Human Rights Watch report on the human rights violations being committed in the ongoing conflict in Somalia. It studies the conflict since late 2006, when the Ethiopian National Defense Force (ENDF) came to the aid to Somalia’s Transitional Federal Government (TFG) to overthrow the Islamic Courts Union (ICU). The report also includes several recommendations to the parties, as well as the African and European Unions, and the United Nations.

South Asia in Action: Preventing and responding to child trafficking - Analysis of anti-trafficking initiatives in the region (pdf)

added 06/08/2010

"This publication presents a regional analysis of anti-trafficking measures relevant to children in the countries of South Asia. It assesses national legal and policy frameworks and provides a list of recommended actions for the application of a rights-based approach to child trafficking."

Status of Girls in Minnesota

added 05/25/2010
Women’s Foundation of Minnesota and the Institute for Women’s Policy Research

"This 2008 report provides detailed information on the status of girls in Minnesota. It also serves as a tool for advocates, researchers, and policy makers in developing a set of interventions that will ensure girls’ economic, social, and political equality in the state. "

Surviving Violence and Poverty (pdf)

added 12/06/2002
NOW Legal Defense and Education Fund

This document examines the link between domestic and sexual violence, women's poverty and welfare. This report contains a statistical overview of the problem and recommendations for future policy change.

Tagalog Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Tagalog translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

The Effects of Violence on Women's Employment

added 07/21/1998

This is an abstract of a paper by Susan Lloyd of the Joint Center for Poverty Research of the Macarthur Foundation. The paper addresses whether women who are experiencing or have experienced domestic violence have lower employment rates than women who have not.

The Impact of Hate Violence on Victims: Emotional and Behavioral Responses to Attacks

added 09/21/2001
Arnold Barnes and Paul H. Ephross

From Social Work, May 1994, pp. 247-251, posted by the National Asssociation of Social Workers. This study explored the nature of hate attacks and victims' responses to them. The sample consisted of 59 victims and included black, white, and Southeast Asian people. Data were obtained through focus group meetings, individual interviews, and questionnaires. More than half of the victims reported experiencing a series of attacks rather than a single attack. Anger, fear, and sadness were the emotional responses most frequently reported by victims. About one-third of the victims reported behavioral responses such as moving from the neighborhood or purchasing a gun. The responses of hate violence victims were similar to those of victims of other types of personal crime. Implications for social work intervention are discussed.

The Multiple Faces of the Intersections between HIV and Violence Against Women (pdf)

added 02/20/2009
Development Connections, UNIFEM, Pan American Health Organization, Inter-American Commission of Women and the Latin American and Caribbean Women’s Health Network

"The report compiles various articles that describe the intersection of and links between violence against women and the increasing number of HIV/AIDS transmissions among women. The publishers hope to prompt discussion and efforts focused on creating integrated policies and programs that address violence against women and HIV."

The Role of International Law in the Struggle against Sex-based and Gender-Based Violence against Refugee Women (pdf)

added 11/10/2004
Maya Steinitz

This document introduces international law and its uses against sex-based and gender-based violence against refugee women.

The Unclaimed Children Revisited, California Case Study (pdf)

added 06/14/2010
Janice L. Cooper, Yumiko Aratani, Rachel Masi, Patti Banghart, Sarah Dababnah, Ayana Douglas-Hall, Alex L. Tavares, and Shannon Stagman

"The purpose of the California Case Study is to identify, document, and analyze effective fiscal, infrastructural, and related policies that support research-informed practices for mental health services to children and adolescents in California."

Trafficking and Forced Prostitution of Palestinian Women and Girls: Forms of Modern Day Slavery

added 12/17/2009
SAWA – All the Women Together Today and Tomorrow

"The first, in-depth study of its kind within the region that digs deeper to unravel the layers of this type of abuse. The paper analyzes six case studies — two on fathers selling their daughters, three on traffickers and one on a woman working in prostitution. It assesses and measures the extent of women trafficking in the Palestinian region in order to call on civil society organizations and Palestinian governmental institutions to take urgent and concrete actions against this human rights violation."

Other formats: pdf

Trapped by Inequality: Bhutanese Refugee Women in Nepal

added 10/01/2003

Following investigations of sexual exploitation and abuse by aid workers in refugee camps in West Africa, several cases of sexual exploitation involving refugee aid workers surfaced in Nepal in October 2002. This report highlights not only the hardship of life in refugee camps, but also the injustice of gender-based violence and discrimination for Bhutanese refugee women in Nepal.

Other formats: pdf

VAWnet Mini-Special Collection: Supporting the Women of Haiti

added 04/07/2010

"This collection includes initiatives supporting relief efforts in Haiti, especially those focused on delivering aid to women and responding to those at higher risk for sexual and/or domestic violence."

Vietnamese Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 06/29/2010

Vietnamese translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence.

Violence Against Native Women: A Guide for Practitioner Action (pdf)

added 03/12/2010
Shelby Settles Harper (Caddo Nation) and Christina Marie Entrekin (Oneida)

This paper is intended to serve as a guide to practitioners who represent Native women who are the victims of domestic and sexual violence. It is dedicated to the brave Native women whose faces are behind the horrifying statistics. Includes practice tips for law enforcement, tribal leaders, judges, advocates, attorneys, prosecutors, and probation/parole officers.

Violence Against Women: Classic Papers

added 08/21/2009
Raquel Kennedy Bergen, Jeffrey L. Edleson and Claire M. Renzetti

The purpose of this project was to assemble some of the classic works in the field of violence against women so that new generations of students, practitioners, and researchers would have a collective understanding of the work that has shaped the field. Included are commentaries from the original authors, when available, reflecting on why they authored the work when they did and the influence of their work on the field.

WHO Multi-country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence – Country Findings: Brazil

added 07/13/2010

"This fact sheet provides information on the methods and main findings of the study, with regard to the phenomenon of intimate partner violence against women in Brazil. Data on sexual abuse and non-partner physical and sexual violence is also included."

Whose Safety? Women of Color and the Violence of Law Enforcement (pdf)

added 02/16/2005
Anannya Bhattacharjee

This comprehensive research report documents how women of color, both immigrant and U.S-born, face violence and the abuse of authority from law-enforcement agencies - from local police to the prison system to INS raids. Drawing on interviews with nearly 100 anti-violence activists as well as published sources, "Whose Safety?" outlines community interactions with enforcement agencies, the impact of enforcement violence on key areas of women's lives, and current anti-violence movements.

Women in Mongolia: Mapping Progress under Transition

added 04/07/2009
Nalini Burn, Oyuntsetseg Oidov, UNIFEM

This publication tells of Mongolian women's experiences in the context of the political and economic transformation of their country. It shares reports of women encouraged to bear many children, inadequate health care or resources, and high rates of maternal mortality. Recommendations informed through case studies are presented for improving their social and economic status and increasing their political participation.

Women of Color Health Data Book (pdf)

added 08/02/2004
W. A. Leigh and M. A. Lindquist

This report describes health status of women of color, which encompasses four major groups of women—Native, Hispanic, black, and Asian Americans—with subgroups within each of the major groups. The health of adolescent and elderly women of color receives separate attention as well. The section includes violence and sexual abuse.

Working to End Violence Against Women in Brazil

added 07/13/2010

"This VAWnet special collection highlights and celebrates the tremendous work being done in Brazil to end violence against women. The selected materials and resources provide a snapshot of the magnitude of the problem and highlight various recommendations for public policy as well as opportunities for community involvement and action."

You Will Be Punished: Attacks on Civilians in Eastern Congo

added 01/20/2010

"This report, which is based on interviews with victims, witnesses and family members, details violations of international humanitarian law in Eastern Congo by military forces, including the deaths of more than 1,400 citizens in 2009. Nearly 7,500 cases of sexual violence against women and girls in eastern Congo were also recorded by the UN between January and September 2009."


College campus

A Safer Campus: A Guidebook for Prevention and Response to Sexual and Intimate Partner Violence and Stalking for Ohio Campuses (pdf)

added 08/23/2010

"This guidebook identifies key best practices to prevent and respond to sexual and intimate partner violence and stalking. It also provides short and long term action recommendations for colleges and universities to implement in four focused areas: preparedness, prevention, response and recovery."

Acquaintance Rape of College Students (pdf)

added 11/11/2011
Rana Sampson

"Rape is one of the most common violent crimes on American college campuses today. This guide describes the problem of acquaintance rape of college students, addressing its scope, causes, and contributing factors; methods for analyzing it on a particular campus; tested responses; and measures for assessing response effectiveness. With this information, police and campus public safety officers can more effectively prevent the problem."

Campus Sexual Violence Resource List

added 07/29/2011

As part of the 2010 Sexual Assault Awareness Month (SAAM) Campaign, the NSVRC compiled a list of resources on campus primary prevention, policy, statistics, and education and training tools.

Hidden Marks: A Study of Women Students’ Experiences of Harassment, Stalking, Violence and Sexual Assault (Executive Summary) (pdf)

added 03/27/2010

This summary reports on the key findings of research carried out by the National Union of Students between August 2009 and March 2010. Research concerned women students’ experiences of harassment, financial control, control over their course and institution choices, stalking, violence, and sexual assault.

Intersection of Title IX and the Clery Act

added 05/01/2014

Colleges and universities that participate in the federal student financial aid programs are subject to Title IX and the Clery Act, and must comply their requirements that certain employees report incidents of sexual violence to school officials and notify students about the outcome when they file complaints of sexual violence. We created a chart to help schools understand these requirements, clarify how they intersect with students’ rights under FERPA, and resolve any concerns about apparent conflicts.

Legal Tools for Survivors of Sexual Assault

added 03/25/2011
Claire Harwell, J.D.

This article addresses legal issues that might be helpful to survivors of sexual assault and their loved ones. The goal is to provide useful information on available options to aid in the process of recovery from trauma.

Moving Beyond Blue Lights and Buddy Systems: A National Study of Student Anti-Rape Activists

added 04/02/2013
SAFER (Students Active for Ending Rape)

SAFER (Students Active For Ending Rape) is a national organization that fights sexual violence and rape culture by empowering student-led campaigns to reform college sexual assault policies. To inform their strategic planning, the Board of Directors conducted a survey of university student activists to gather information on their activities, priorities, perceptions, and needs related to various efforts to address campus sexual violence. This document is a report of those findings.

Online Harassment and Victimization of College Students (pdf)

added 09/10/2012
M. Alexis Kennedy and Melanie A. Taylor

The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of victimization occurring through social networking sites. Information was also sought on the internet behavior of college students. The rates of victimization initiated through online contact suggest that although social networking sites may provide opportunities for certain types of victimization, college students are still at a greater risk from people they meet offline.

The Evaluation of Campus-Based Gender Violence Prevention Programming: What We Know about Program Effectiveness and Implications for Practitioners

added 01/24/2013
Roberta E. Gibbons With contributions from Julie Evans

This Applied Research paper reviews available evidence on the effectiveness of gender violence prevention programs on college campuses, explores various models of campus-based prevention programming, and discusses the implications of emerging themes from the literature for practice.

The Sexual Victimization of College Women (pdf)

added 11/12/2008
Bonnie S. Fisher, Francis T. Cullen, Michael G. Turner, U.S. Department of Justice

Women attending colleges are at greater risk for rape and other forms of sexual assault than the general population or in another comparable age group. The study found that many women do not characterize their sexual victimization as a crime for a number of reasons including blaming themselves.The study reinforces the importance of many organizations’ efforts to improve education and knowledge about sexual assault.

The Top Ten Things We Know About Title IX (That the DCL Didn't Tell Us)

added 11/11/2013

This top ten list was culled from a much longer list to reflect our 2013 priorities for this topic. Despite the, “top ten” format, this Whitepaper does not rank in importance. This list is framed around some of the more commonly misunderstood areas of the TIX practice seen on college campuses.

Violence Against Women: Classic Papers

added 08/21/2009
Raquel Kennedy Bergen, Jeffrey L. Edleson and Claire M. Renzetti

The purpose of this project was to assemble some of the classic works in the field of violence against women so that new generations of students, practitioners, and researchers would have a collective understanding of the work that has shaped the field. Included are commentaries from the original authors, when available, reflecting on why they authored the work when they did and the influence of their work on the field.

What College Men Should Know About Sexual Assault, Rape and Sexual Battery (pdf)

added 08/07/2009
The San Diego Police Department

The San Diego Police Department created brochures for college men and women, in cooperation with Rana Sampson of Community Policing Associates. The brochures present various scenarios and then pose the question, "Is it rape?" Clear answers are provided for each scenario, based on California state laws. The brochure for men lists specific penalties they could face if they get one answer wrong. The materials can be useful in engaging students in dialogue, comparing their perceptions of what rape is against the legal system.

What College Women Should Know About Sexual Assault, Rape and Sexual Battery (pdf)

added 08/07/2009
The San Diego Police Department

"The San Diego Police Department created brochures for college men and women, in cooperation with Rana Sampson of Community Policing Associates. The brochures present various scenarios and then pose the question, "Is it rape?" Clear answers are provided for each scenario, based on California state laws. The brochure for men lists specific penalties they could face if they get one answer wrong. The materials can be useful in engaging students in dialogue, comparing their perceptions of what rape is against the legal system. "


Consequences

15 Years of the United Nations Rapporteur on Violence against Women, Its Causes and Consequences (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

This report reviews the status of violence against women as researched in 14 annual reports, 32 country mission reports, and 11 communication reports published as recently as December 2008. The report focuses on reproductive health and rights, poverty, migration, internally displaced persons (IDPs), women refugees, trafficking, aging, and adolescent girls. It also highlights how the mandate on violence against women has changed, what has been learned, and problems still to be addressed.

2006 WATCH Victim Impact Statement Study (pdf)

added 08/08/2006
Mary Lay Schuster & Amy Propen

This study addresses victim impact statements as given in court regarding incidences of domestic violence and/or sexual assault and the effect these statements had on the judge regarding sentencing.

An Evidence-Based Review of Sexual Assault Preventive Intervention Programs (pdf)

added 08/15/2006
Shannon Morrison, Jennifer Hardison, Anita Mathew, and Joyce O'Neil

RTI International performed a comprehensive literature review of existing Sexual Assault Preventive Programs (SAPIs). This document provides an evidence-based review of their findings and includes extensive evaluations of existing SAPIs, identifies areas where there appear to be significant gaps, as well as provides recommendations for the change of current/future SAPIs. *This file is very large, please be patient as it downloads*

Baseline Survey on Sexual and Gender Based Violence in Rwanda (pdf)

added 12/17/2009
UNIFEM in collaboration with the Department of Applied Statistics of the National University of Rwanda

"This study was conducted to shed light on the magnitude of sexual and gender-based violence in Rwanda, and to determine and analyze the perceptions that communities have about the nature, causes and consequences of incidents of violence. This study also explores the subsequent actions that survivors have taken, and evaluates the role of various stakeholders in preventing and fighting sexual and gender-based violence."

BJA Policy Brief: Women’s Pathways to Jail: Examining Mental Health, Trauma, and Substance Use (pdf)

added 06/10/2013
Shannon M. Lynch, Dana D. DeHart, Joanne Belknap, & Bonnie L. Green

"The overrepresentation of women with mental illness in jails has tragic consequences for children and families. It is important that the criminal justice field understands how mental illness, trauma, and other disorders are related to women becoming involved in the criminal justice system. The information from the Women’s Pathways to Jail study can help to develop strategies that address and respond to these issues."

Boys will be Boys: Understanding the Impact of Child Maltreatment and Family Violence on the Sexual, Reproductive, and Parenting Behaviors of Young Men (pdf)

added 06/25/2010
Abby Kahn and Pat Paluzzi, Healthy Teen Network

A paper on the impact of physical, sexual, and psychological abuse, and exposure to family violence on the sexual, reproductive, and parenting behaviors of young men.

Cambodia: Exodus to the Sex Trade? (pdf)

added 08/15/2009

"This report suggests that the global financial crisis has led to an increase of women entering the sex trafficking industry in Cambodia. Women said they entered the sex trafficking industry mostly because of “difficult family circumstances,” and because they thought they could “easily earn a lot of money, in good working conditions." In order to combat this new trend, the report recommends strengthening social safety nets, linking women seeking jobs with alternative job placement assistance, targeted awareness raising and specific information outreach on accessing social services and how to utilize safer sources of loans and credit."

Child Sexual Abuse and Subsequent Psychopathology: Results From the National Comorbidity Survey (pdf)

added 08/19/2008
Beth E. Molnar, ScD, Stephen L. Buka, ScD, and Ronald C. Kessler, PhD

"This study examines the relationship between child sexual abuse (CSA) and subsequent onset of psychiatric disorders, accounting for other childhood adversities, CSA type, and chronicity of the abuse."

Confronting the Sexual Abuse of Women with Disabilities

added 03/21/2005
R. Amy Elman

This VAWnet paper provides a brief summary of the research on sexual abuse of women with disabilities. The document also covers the origins of our knowledge concerning the sexual abuse of women with disabilities, the methodological quandaries related to sexual abuse research in general and the data on women with disabilities and the men who abuse them, and concludes with an exploration of the efforts of women with disabilities and their allies to counter sexual abuse.

Other formats: pdf

Date Rape Drugs FAQ

added 07/30/2009

Compiled by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, this page offers answers to frequently asked questions on common date rape drugs, how to identify them and the effects of each. Also offers useful tips on how to protect yourself from being a victim, and what to do if you've been drugged.

Date Rape: A Hidden Crime (pdf)

added 07/07/2008
Laura Russo, Australian Institute of Criminology

"This Australian report provides an overview of main issues underlying date rape including: incidence, difficulties in measuring extent; complicated issues around sexual consent; impact on victims; and, obstacles and options in prevention and treatment."

Dying of Sadness: Gender, Sexual Violence and the HIV Epidemic (pdf)

added 03/25/2003
Peter Gordon and Kate Graham

This paper aims to explore the relationship between sexual violence and the HIV epidemic. The paper explores this complex phehomenon with multiple determinants, consequences and manifestations.

Effects of Sexual Victimization

added 06/11/2008
Minnesota Department of Health

"This brief article lists some of the effects/symptoms that victims of sexual violence may experience."

Everything Left Behind: Internal Displacement in Colombia (pdf)

added 08/15/2009

"According to a new report there are currently between 3 and 4 million internally displaced people in Colombia, among the highest in the world. Internal displacement disproportionately affects women who are indigenous, Afro-descendant, or peasant farmers. For displaced women and girls, sexual assault, exploitation, and abuse are constant threats from armed groups or people who believe the women and girls are involved with armed groups. Displaced women and girls face discrimination from the communities they move to, presenting a significant barrier to assistance for victims of violence."

Extent, Nature, and Consequences of Rape Victimization: Findings From the National Violence Against Women Survey (pdf)

added 03/03/2006
National Institute of Justice

Despite widespread public education, rape remains a largely underreported crime; and despite increased levels of research over the past few decades, significant gaps remain in understanding rape victimization. This NIJ Special Report takes a detailed look at the National Violence Against Women Survey findings and the researchers' recommendations for future research.

Facts: Sexual Violence for the World Report on Violence and Health

added 06/11/2008
World Health Organization (WHO) (2002)

"Pulls from selected national studies to describe the global epidemic of sexual violence: The Extent of the Problem; The Consequences of Sexual Violence; What are the Risk Factors for Sexual Violence?; What Can be Done to Prevent Sexual Violence? "

Farsi Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 06/30/2010

Farsi translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. It locates a range of abuses and abusers in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration.

Final Report: Sexual Assault Among Latinas (SALAS) Study (pdf)

added 06/03/2010
Carlos A. Cuevas, Ph.D., Chiara Sabina, Ph.D.

A national study focusing on Latino women’s victimization involving sexual assault. The report highlights victimization experiences, help-seeking efforts, and cultural factors. Implications for policy and future research are discussed.

Healthcare Issues and Survivors of Sexual Violence

added 12/17/2010

This bulletin speaks to the long-term consequences of sexual assault and the importance of the advocacy role that medical providers must take on when working with survivors of sexual violence.

HIV Vulnerabilities of Migrant Women: from Asia to the Arab States: Shifting from Silence, Stigma and Shame to Safe Mobility with Dignity, Equity and Justice (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

This report focuses on female migrant workers from Bangladesh, Pakistan, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka, who worked in the host countries of Bahrain, Lebanon, and the United Arab Emirates. Researchers' key findings concluded that female migrant workers are vulnerable to HIV during all stages of employment abroad. They face sexual assault, sexual exploitation and being trafficked into the commercial sex industry while applying for or being recruited into employment, or during transit between home countries and host countries. Home countries' policies can also contribute to the problem as banning women from working abroad serves to push worker migration underground.

Homeless in Minnesota 2003 (pdf)

added 03/05/2004
Wilder Research Center

Drawn from interviews with more than 3,000 homeless adults and youth throughout Minnesota, this research describes some of the causes, effects, and circumstances surrounding homelessness. It identifies relationships between homelessness, sexual abuse and domestic violence.

Homeless, Runaway & Throwaway Youth: Sexual Victimization and the Consequences of Life on the Streets (pdf)

added 12/15/2005

This volume of the Research and Advocacy Digest from the Washington Coalition of Sexual Assault Programs focuses on the intersection between sexual victimization and homeless youth, and provides an overview of research on this topic area. Numerous abstracts are detailed and discussed within this context.

Homelessness and Family Trauma: The Case for Early Intervention (pdf)

added 12/15/2005

A publication of Health Care for the Homeless Clinician's Network, National Health Care for the Homeless Council. This article focuses on the impact that homelessness has on children, especially for those who have experienced sexual, physical and/or emotional abuse or are in environments where this abuse is occurring. The issue addresses the need for early intervention and provides clinicians with tips on identifying signs of trauma in homeless children as well as when and how to intervene.

I Have No Joy, No Peace of Mind: Medical, Psychosocial, and Socio-Economic Consequences of Sexual Violence in East DRC (pdf)

added 08/31/2005
Medicin Sans Frontieres

This report aims to bring attention to medical, psychosocial and socio-economic consequences of sexual violence in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. The report is based on medical data and testimonies collected in MSF's work in Eastern DRC.

Immigrant Women and Sexual Violence

added 10/02/2009

A collection of documents that highlight the common experiences of immigrant women who are victims of sexual violence, the legal protections and public benefits available, and practices and suggestions for increasing the effectiveness of services provided to immigrant women. Also included are resources and tools for immigrant women and service providers who assist them, such as advocates, lawyers, and medical professionals.

In Their Own Words: Trauma survivors and professionals they trust tell what hurts, what helps, and what is needed for trauma services (pdf)

added 04/07/2011
Ann Jennings, Ph.D and Ruth O. Ralph, Ph.D.

The purpose of this report is to capture and publish information from an exhaustive needs assessment process conducted over a period of nine months. In Their Own Words is the work of over 200 courageous women and men in the State of Maine who have dared to hope that the truth and wisdom of their experience will be heard by those in power, and that Maine’s mental health and human service systems will respond to the long ignored plight of children and adults traumatized by histories of interpersonal violence.

Insecurity and Indignity: Women's experiences in the slums of Nairobi, Kenya (pdf)

added 08/11/2010

"A report documenting women’s experiences living in Kenyan slums. It states that women and girls in Nairobi's slums live under the constant threat of sexual violence. Violence against women is rarely prosecuted, creating a hostile living environment for women and girls. Amnesty urges the Kenyan government to address gendered violence and guarantee safe access to water and sanitation."

Interpersonal violence and alcohol (pdf)

added 03/27/2010

This report by the World Health Organization presents research on the relation between alcohol and violence. It suggests that alcohol is a situational determinant which increases the risk of most types of violence. Hazardous and harmful use of alcohol has also been shown to be an important consequence of experiencing or witnessing most forms of violence, but especially child maltreatment and intimate partner violence.

Justice Denied: The experiences of 100 torture surviving women of seeking justice and rehabilitation (pdf)

added 01/20/2010

"This report analyzed the experiences of 100 women from 24 countries who settled in the United Kingdom after surviving torture. The report stated that almost all of the women studied had experienced at least one incident of rape or sexual assault. The vast majority were unable to find help when they sought redress and could not access legal aid or the necessary healthcare. "

Knowledge for Health

added 08/24/2007

Knowledge for Health (K4Health) works to improve access to and sharing of global, regional, and country-specific public health knowledge, particularly about family planning and reproductive health (FP/RH).

Male Reproductive Control of Women Who Have Experienced Intimate Partner Violence in the United States (pdf)

added 05/18/2010
Ann M. Moore, Lori Frohwirth, and Elizabeth Miller

"A study conducted through in-depth interviews with 71 women aged 18-49 who had a history of intimate partner violence. Findings include male reproductive control which encompasses pregnancy-promoting behaviors as well as control and abuse during pregnancy in an attempt to influence the pregnancy outcome. Recommendations include assessing for male reproductive control among women seeking reproductive health services, including antenatal care, so that health care providers may be able to provide education, care, and counseling to help women protect their reproductive health and physical safety."

Male Survivors of Sexual Assault and Rape (pdf)

added 07/07/2008
Sarah Crome, Australian Centre for the Study of Sexual Assault

"This document provides an overview of the research on male survivors of sexual assault and takes a closer look at the role that communities have in addressing this issue."

Marital Rape: New Research and Directions (pdf)

added 03/03/2006
Raquel Kennedy Bergen

Provides an overview of the research on marital rape including a brief legal history of marital rape; a discussion of the occurrence of marital rape; a summary of the effects of marital rape; and an analysis of practitioners' intervention with marital rape survivors.

Other formats: html

Mental Health Consequences of Sexual Violence in Detention (pdf)

added 03/27/2010

"This two page fact sheet talks about the devastating consequences of sexual violence in detention and the extreme challenges that survivors may face."

Mental Health Services for Rape Survivors: Current Issues in Therapeutic Practice

added 10/30/2001
Dr. Rebecca Campbell

This Violence Against Women Online Resources commissioned document reviews three critical issues for mental health practitioners working with rape survivors. First, current research suggests that victims experience a variety of negative mental health effects from sexual assault, including, but not limited to, post-traumatic stress symptoms. Second, empirical evaluations of therapeutic techniques suggest that cognitive behavioral therapies (CBT) can be effective in reducing short-term post-rape fear and anxiety symptoms. Finally, it is not uncommon that mental health practitioners who work with rape survivors experience distressing emotions similar to those of the survivors. Self care strategies are particularly important for therapists engaged in this kind of work.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Mobilizing Religious Communities to Respond to Gender-based Violence and HIV: A Training Manual (pdf)

added 04/14/2010

The first in a series of two manuals aimed at raising awareness and educating religious leaders and communities about gender-based violence. The training manual equips religious communities with tools to deepen their awareness and understanding of gender-based violence and its link to HIV and proposes faith-based activities on the subject.

Mothers of Sexually Abused Children: Trauma and Repair in Longitudinal Perspective

added 09/18/2006

This study addressed the increase in maternal psychological stress that develops following the disclosure of their child's sexual abuse. A mother's stress is often correlated and associated with the child's coping skills and level of stress, thus it is extremely important to work with mother on relieving/alleviating their stress so as to in turn work the child at healing from their sexual trauma.

No Safe Place: Sexual Assault in the Lives of Homeless Women

added 10/30/2006
Lisa A. Goodman, Katya Fels, & Catherine Glenn with contributions from Judy Benitez

Homelessness is an enormous social problem in the United States. Homeless women — including the “hidden homeless” — are particularly vulnerable to multiple forms of victimization including forced, coerced, or manipulated sexual activity. Levels of victimization that women endure before, during, and after episodes of homelessness remain enormously high, often occurring in multiple settings at the hands of multiple perpetrators.

Perspectives on Acquaintance Rape

added 11/11/2011
David G. Curtis

This article from the American Academy of Experts in Traumatic Stress explains and discusses key issues, definitions, and research findings regarding acquaintance rape.

Pornography and Sexual Violence

added 07/07/2004
Robert Jensen, University of Texas at Austin, School of Journalism

This paper explores possible connections between men's use of pornography and sexual violence, and highlights definitions of terms, appropriate methods of investigation, relevant aspects of current disputes, and how pornography reinforces and sexualizes a subordinate status of women.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Pregnancy coercion, intimate partner violence and unintended pregnancy (pdf)

added 01/18/2011
Elizabeth Miller, Michele R. Decker, Heather L. McCauley, Daniel J. Tancredi, Rebecca R. Levenson, Jeffrey Waldman, Phyllis Schoenwald, Jay G. Silverman

In surveying females ages 16–29 years seeking care in five family planning clinics in Northern California, pregnancy coercion and birth control sabotage were found to be common among young women utilizing family planning clinics. In the context of partner violence, these findings are associated with increased risk for unintended pregnancy.

Preventing violence and reducing its impact: How development agencies can help (pdf)

added 09/09/2009

This document makes the case for increased attention on the impact of violence on development by international development agencies. A key aim is to stimulate dialogue on the role of international development agencies in the prevention of violence globally, and ultimately to increase investment in a commonly agreed set of applied violence prevention strategies. The primary audience for this document is policy-makers, high-level planners, and others in the international development field.

Rape and Sexual Assault: Reporting to Police and Medical Attention: 1992-2000 (pdf)

added 05/22/2003
Callie Marie Rennison, Bureau of Justice Statistics

This 2002 document provides information on the consequences of completed rape, attempted rape, and sexual assault of females that were reported to police from 1992-2000.

Registering Harm: How Sex Offense Registries Fail Youth Communities (pdf)

added 01/21/2009
Amanda Petteruti and Nastassia Walsh

"This report published by the Justice Policy Institute explores the negative impact that state compliance with the Adam Walsh Act will have on youth, communities, and states. "

Report on Research on Rape and Violence (pdf)

added 05/14/2008
California Coalition Against Sexual Assault

"This report is a compendium of research on issues related to rape, sexual assault, and violence. While efforts have been made to include research from as many sources as possible, it is inevitable that other valuable sources of research may contain information no included in this report."

Report on Violations of Women’s Human Rights in Columbia (pdf)

added 08/11/2010

"This report documents the ways in which the long-standing conflict in Colombia combine with government actions to result in the violation of women’s human rights. In addition to the violations committed by guerrilla groups, the report indicates that the Colombian government has carried out extra-judicial executions, groundless detentions, threats, and torture. The government is also implicated in failing to implement strategies to reduce the effects of forced displacements. "

Sexual Abuse in U.S. Immigration Detention (pdf)

added 03/27/2010

"This brief fact sheet talks about the risk of sexual abuse that immigration detainees face and the difficulty of seeking assistance."

Sexual Abuse of Males: Prevalence, Lasting Effects, and Resources

added 02/03/2000
Jim Hopper, Ph.D.

Discusses the mythology, prevalence, and lasting effects surrounding sexual abuse of males. Posted resources include a bibliography and a page on Giving and receiving hope.

Sexual Assault and the Body (pdf)

added 07/21/2009

This article explores the multifaceted effects of sexual assault on the victim’s body through articles on such diverse topics as negative self image, impaired sexual function, compulsive weightlifting and dental fear.

Sexual Revictimization: A Research Brief (pdf)

added 07/05/2012

This research brief explores the correlation between childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and subsequent sexual victimization in adulthood. It demonstrates the significant link between childhood and adulthood sexual revictimization, as well as related health problems.

Other formats: plaintext

Sexual Violence Against Women and Girls in War and Its Aftermath: Realities, Responses, and Required Resources (pdf)

added 07/21/2009
Jeanne Ward and Mendy Marsh, UNFPA

"This briefing paper was prepared for the Symposium on Sexual Violence in Conflict and Beyond, which took place in June 2006. It provides information on the nature and scope of the problem as well as evaluation of efforts to combat it."

Sexual Violence and Health: Research Brief (pdf)

added 11/07/2012

This research brief analyzes research articles on the relationship between sexual violence, physical health, and mental health. The research articles, published between 2001 and 2010, demonstrate that lifetime sexual victimization is correlated with physical health problems, mental health problems and high-risk behaviors. Negative health outcomes of sexual assault afflict all sexes, stemming from both childhood and adult sexual traumas. This research brief can help stakeholders, including sexual assault advocates and health care providers, understand the ways that sexual victimization can trigger or exacerbate physical and mental health conditions.

Sexual Violence and Homelessness (pdf)

added 08/22/2006
Pennsylvania Coalition Against Rape

This fact sheet provides information on the link between homelessness and sexual violence, the barriers homeless face in receiving services, and what rape crisis centers can do to meet the needs of the homeless. It provides general information on the topic as well as information and statistics specific to Pennsylvania.

Sexual Violence and its Consequences among Displaced Persons in Darfur and Chad (pdf)

added 06/07/2005
Human Rights Watch

This briefing paper documents how the Sudanese security forces, including police deployed to protect displaced persons, and allied Janjaweed militias continue to commit rape and sexual violence on daily basis. Even as refugees in Chad, women and girls fleeing the violence in Darfur continued to face the risk of rape and assault by civilians or militia members when collecting water, fuel or animal fodder near the border.

Sexual Violence Data Brief: 1999 to 2001 (pdf)

added 12/05/2003
Minnesota Department of Health

This data brief outlines the hospital care in Minnesota due to sexual violence, patient demographics, patient injuries, charges, costs and payers, and perpetrators.

Sexual Violence in Later Life Information Packet

added 06/25/2010

This information packet includes a fact sheet, technical assistance bulletin, technical assistance guide, resource list, annotated bibliography, and a research brief all related to sexual violence in later life.

Sexual Violence in Later Life: Research Brief (pdf)

added 07/11/2010

"This brief reviews research on risk and protective factors related to sexual violence in later life. It discusses the unique vulnerabilities and barriers to reporting that older victims face, the nature of sexual violence in later life in various contexts and settings, and common variables among perpetrators."

Sexual Violence in the Lives of African American Women (pdf)

added 07/07/2008
Carolyn M. West, in consultation with Kalimah Johnson

"This paper synthesizes information on African American female victim/survivors. It addresses historical context, survivor traits, risk factors, health consequences, culturally sensitive responses, and resilience of survivors."

Shattered Lives: Immediate medical care for victims of sexual violence (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

A recently released report depicting the experiences of victims of sexual violence, as well as those who provide immediate care to victims. The report focuses on the individual stories of those who have been sexually assaulted, and those who provide medical, counseling, and other types of support services to victims. Through these stories,the organization hopes to convey the importance of making emergency medical and other services immediately and readily accessible to victims.

Silent Epidemic: A Survey of Violence Among Young Asian American Women

added 06/16/2005
National Asian Women's Health Organization

This report examines the impact of sexual violence, intimate partner violence and stalking on young Asian American women. The study also examines levels of awareness, prevalence, and access to services. It also addresses cultural and institutional barriers that Asian American victims of sexual violence, intimate partner violence and stalking may face.

Strong Foundation for Healing: Shelter & Sexual Violence (pdf)

added 03/01/2012
Kris Bein and Christi Hurt

The majority of sexual assaults take place in or near victims’ homes or in the homes of friends, relatives, or neighbors. Thus, for many survivors of sexual violence, home is often not a safe place. This paper considers issues and advocacy related to emergency shelter and longer-term housing for sexual violence survivors.

Surviving Violence and Poverty (pdf)

added 12/06/2002
NOW Legal Defense and Education Fund

This document examines the link between domestic and sexual violence, women's poverty and welfare. This report contains a statistical overview of the problem and recommendations for future policy change.

Swallowing the Hurt: Exploring the Links Between Anorexia, Bulimia and Violence Against Women and Girls

added 09/09/2003
Shelley Moore, with the assistance of Kelly D'Aoust, Donna Robertson, Christina Savage and Yasmin Jiwani

This report examines the links between eating disorders and violence against women and girls. It is based on information gathered from published literature as well as consultations with community workers, health practitioners, and mental health professionals. “Swallowing the Hurt” has been designed for use by frontline workers, health care and social service professionals, educators, and researchers who offer services directly for or who may interact with women and girls experiencing eating disorders or violence.

Teen Dating Violence: Information and Resources (pdf)

added 12/15/2005
 

This is an information packet developed by the National Resource Center on Domestic Violence (NRCDV) as an introduction to the dynamics, prevalence and consequences of teen dating violence. The packet explores issues specific to teen dating violence, examines current provision of support services for teens and presents information about a variety of promising prevention /intervention strategies. The intent of packet contents is to examine some of the key dating violence issues currently facing teens and their advocates.

The Costs and Consequences of Sexual Violence and Cost-Effective Solutions (pdf)

added 04/29/2011
The National Alliance to End Sexual Violence

This resource speaks to the costs and consequences of sexual violence. It includes a general overview of findings from research on the topic, the cost benefits of early intervention, costs for funding sexual assault services, and cost-effective solutions.

The Economic Dimensions of Interpersonal Violence (pdf)

added 07/21/2009
Hugh Waters, et al., Department of Injuries and Violence Prevention, World Health Organization

This document examines the economic effects of interpersonal violence, including sexual violence, as well as the economic effects of interventions seeking to reduce violence and the ways in which economic factors such as poverty and income inequality contribute to violence.

The Health Impacts on Adult Women of Childhood Sexual Violence Before the Age of Twelve Years

added 07/13/1999
Karen Hughes, Heather Stephens, Amy Difranco, Linda Manning, Natalie van der Torrn, Cathy North & Miriam Taylor

This is a 1998 report by seven authors of Ipswich, Queensland, Australia. The authors describe the health consequences in adulthood that often emerge as a consequence of childhood sexual violence. High rates of depression and dissociation resulted, as well as a low rate of school completion. The experiences of women when they sought help are described.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

The Prostitution of Women and Girls in Metropolitan Chicago: A Preliminary Prevalence Report (pdf)

added 07/26/2001
Claudine O'Leary, Research Associate and Olivia Howard, Research Consultant for Impact Research

This report represents the first research to determine the number of girls and women involved in prostitution in the Chicago metropolitan area, and completes the first phase of a multi-phase project designed to ascertain how many girls and women in prostitution are being affected by problems of violence, abuse, substance abuse, and homelessness.

The Traumatic Impact of Child Sexual Abuse: A Conceptualization (pdf)

added 08/19/2008
David Finkelhor, Ph.D., and Angela Browne, Ph.D.

"In this paper a framework is proposed for a more systematic understanding of the effects of child sexual abuse. Four traumagenic dynamics – traumatic sexualization, betrayal, stigmatization, and powerlessness – are identified as the core of the psychological injury inflicted by abuse. These dynamics can be used to make assessments of victimized children and to anticipate problems to which these children may be vulnerable subsequently. Implications for research are also considered."

Transnational Trafficking and the Rule of Law in West Africa (pdf)

added 08/14/2009

"A recent report that highlights the problem of trafficking of West African women to Europe for forced prostitution. Women trafficked from West Africa are generally controlled by a debt bondage system. The UNODC found that trafficking has a significant negative impact on the rule of law in West Africa. The flow of trafficked people and goods rivals the GDP of some countries in West Africa. Corruption among government officials and law enforcement increases as organized crime groups gain more power and money through trafficking."

Treatment of Adult Sex Offenders

added 07/07/2008
Robert Prentky and Barbara Schwartz with contributions from Gail Burns-Smith

"This Applied Research paper provides an overview of the current state of treatment of adult male sex offenders, with a focus on the effectiveness of treatment."

Other formats: pdf

Victim Responses to Sexual Assault: Counterintuitive or Simply Adaptive?

added 12/12/2007
Patricia L. Fanflik

"This resource provides information on the different responses that individuals who are sexually assaulted display as well as the different coping strategies of victims."

Violence Against Women: Classic Papers

added 08/21/2009
Raquel Kennedy Bergen, Jeffrey L. Edleson and Claire M. Renzetti

The purpose of this project was to assemble some of the classic works in the field of violence against women so that new generations of students, practitioners, and researchers would have a collective understanding of the work that has shaped the field. Included are commentaries from the original authors, when available, reflecting on why they authored the work when they did and the influence of their work on the field.

Violence Against Women: Identifying Risk Factors (pdf)

added 02/24/2004
National Institute of Justice

This NIJ Research in Brief combines the results taken from two studies, one of which followed college women and men for 4 years, and the other, which followed low-income, mostly black women who had been victims of childhood sexual abuse. Each study found that child sexual abuse alone was a risk factor only when combined with adolescent sexual abuse. Although each study examined a narrowly defined population, taken together, both studies came to remarkably similar conclusions.

Violence Against Women: Impact on Sexual and Reproductive Health (pdf)

added 09/10/2003
Lori Heise & Mary Ellsberg

This paper addresses the dimensions and origins of sexual violence and the outcomes related to reproductive health.

What College Men Should Know About Sexual Assault, Rape and Sexual Battery (pdf)

added 08/07/2009
The San Diego Police Department

The San Diego Police Department created brochures for college men and women, in cooperation with Rana Sampson of Community Policing Associates. The brochures present various scenarios and then pose the question, "Is it rape?" Clear answers are provided for each scenario, based on California state laws. The brochure for men lists specific penalties they could face if they get one answer wrong. The materials can be useful in engaging students in dialogue, comparing their perceptions of what rape is against the legal system.

Zero Tolerance: Stop the Violence Against Women and Children, Stop HIV/AIDS (pdf)

added 08/22/2006
Global AIDS Alliance

Violence is linked to HIV. Women who have experienced violence may be up to three times more likely to acquire HIV. In addition to behavioral risk factors, there are direct consequences of unprotected forced or coerced sex, and this is compounded by global HIV/AIDS policies that fail to take seriously the realities facing women and girls. Fear of violence can prevent women from seeking VCT, disclosing their serostatus, and receiving treatment when it is needed.

¿Que es La Violencia Sexual? (pdf)

added 03/01/2012

La violencia sexual afecta a las mujeres, los hombres y los niños durante toda su vida, y puede ser devastadora para los individuos, familias, y comunidades. Sin embargo, existen recursos para ayudarle. Esta hoja informativa de dos páginas provee definiciones y información sobre la violencia sexual.
This two page fact sheet provides definitions and facts about sexual violence. (link available in Spanish and English)

Other formats: pdf

Disabilities

A Health Handbook for Women with Disabilities

added 12/27/2011

This guide helps women with disabilities from around the world to overcome the barriers of social stigma and inadequate care to improve their general health, self-esteem, and independence as active members of their communities.
Chapter 14 specifically covers abuse, violence and self-defense. The chapter discusses different kinds of abuse, preventing abuse, support for women leaving violent partners, sexual violence, abuse in institutions, and what to do to be safer.

Breaking the Links Between Poverty and Violence against Women: A Resource Guide (pdf)

added 05/27/2009

"This resource guide explores the ways in which poverty and violence are linked. It acknowledges the efforts of women’s groups, community organizations and service agencies that support low-income women to take control of and deal with the poverty and violence in their lives. Another area of focus is to inspire community-based groups to take action on poverty and violence issues by providing practical examples of what others are doing."

Confronting the Sexual Abuse of Women with Disabilities

added 03/21/2005
R. Amy Elman

This VAWnet paper provides a brief summary of the research on sexual abuse of women with disabilities. The document also covers the origins of our knowledge concerning the sexual abuse of women with disabilities, the methodological quandaries related to sexual abuse research in general and the data on women with disabilities and the men who abuse them, and concludes with an exploration of the efforts of women with disabilities and their allies to counter sexual abuse.

Other formats: pdf

Crimes Against People with Disabilities, 2007 (pdf)

added 03/03/2010

"Using 2007 National Crime Victimization Survey data, the study found that persons with disabilities were victims of about 47,000 rapes. Rates of rape and sexual assault were more than twice those for people without disabilities. In addition, youth with a disability ages 12 to 19 experienced violence at nearly twice the rate as those without a disability."

Forging New Collaborations: A Guide for Rape Crisis, Domestic Violence, and Disability Organizations (pdf)

added 06/10/2011
Nancy Smith and Sandra Harrell for the Vera Institute of Justice’s Center on Victimization and Safety

This document was created as a roadmap for bringing together agencies at the intersection of violence and disability so that they can create a new and effective approach to safety, healing, and accessibility to services for their clients.

Other formats: xml

Forgotten Sisters - A Report on Violence Against Women with Disabilities: An Overview of its Nature, Scope, Causes and Consequences

added 10/18/2012
Stephanie Ortoleva, Hope Lewis

This report focuses on the prevalence and pervasiveness of violence against women and girls with disabilities. Although women with disabilities experience many of the same forms of violence all women experience, when gender and disability intersect, violence takes on unique forms, has unique causes, and results in unique consequences. Further, women with disabilities who are also people of color or members of minority or indigenous peoples, or who are lesbian, trans-gender or intersex or who live in poverty, can be subject to particularized forms of violence and discrimination. These intersections must be explored in greater depth to ensure that the complexities of violence against women with disabilities are properly understood and addressed.

Impact: Feature Issue on Violence and Women with Developmental or Other Disabilities (pdf)

added 12/27/2011

This publication presents a collection of articles that explore violence as it impacts women with developmental and other disabilities. This collection offers strategies and ideas for bringing together disability service providers, sexual and domestic violence programs, law enforcement and the justice system, policymakers, researchers, and women with disabilities to prevent future victimization.

Individual-Systemic Violence: Disabled Women's Standpoint (pdf)

added 07/30/2008
Maria Barile, Journal of International Women's Studies (November 2002)

"This article explores reasons for the systemic omission of women with disabilities from mainstream research and from services addressing non-disabled women's experiences."

Interpersonal Violence and Women With Disabilities: A Research Update

added 11/08/2009
Laurie E. Powers, Rosemary B. Hughes, and Emily M. Lund, VAWnet: The National Online Resource Center on Violence Against Women

"This article provides an update on what researchers have learned during the past ten years about abuse and women with disabilities and offers some perspectives on the state of current research and its implications for future studies and advocacy efforts."

Other formats: pdf

On the Road to Equality: Statewide Findings & Policy Recommendations (pdf)

added 05/25/2010

"A supplement to the Status of Girls in Minnesota report by the Women’s Foundation of Minnesota in partnership with the Institute for Women’s Policy Research. Focus groups were conducted in 18 Minnesota communities that included African American, Latino, Native American, Asian American, LBT (Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender), and disabilities communities — to share key research findings and gain community input. This report captures the voices and policy recommendations of these communities, nonprofit and public leaders."

Recognizing and Interrupting Abuse of Adults with Disabilities

added 01/28/2011

Part of the World Institute on Disability, this website provides information on abuse towards those with a disability. Headings include "What is Abuse", "Types of Abuse", "What contributes to Abuse", and more.

Resource Guide for Advocates & Attorneys on Interpretation Services for Domestic Violence Victims (pdf)

added 04/23/2010
Chic Dabby and Cannon Han

This document provides guidelines from the Interpretation Technical Assistance and Resource Center that focus on court interpretation for domestic and sexual violence victims with limited English proficiency. These guidelines inform how advocacy, interpretation, and language access can be integrated.

Responding to Abuse Against Women with Disabilities: Broadening the Definition of Domestic Violence (pdf)

added 09/17/2012
Mary Ann Curry, R.N., D.N.Sc. and Fran Navarro

An article that discusses the importance of screening for domestic violence by health care providers when serving women with disabilities.

Sex Education for Physically, Emotionally, and Mentally Challenged Youth

added 11/18/2013

Healthy sexuality education is a key component of prevention and safety planning. Children and youth with disabilities can become more vulnerable to sex abuse when the adults around them do not believe that children with disabilities need sex education in the same way as children without disabilities.

Study Reveals Unique Issues Faced by Deaf Victims of Sexual Assault (pdf)

added 07/30/2008
Lauren R. Taylor with Nicole Gaskin-Laniyan, National Institute of Justice (June 2007)

"Describes findings of a study describing some of the unique barriers faced by deaf victims seeking help and offering recommendations for improving the relationship between law enforcement and the deaf community."

Other formats: html

Thematic study on the issue of violence against women and girls and disability (pdf)

added 07/03/2012
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

This report analyzes national legislation, policies and programmes for the protection and prevention of violence against women and girls with disabilities. It highlights the remaining challenges in addressing the root causes of violence against women and girls with disabilities and how to incorporate women and girls with disabilities into gender-based violence programmes. The study concludes with recommendations on legislative, administrative, policy and programmatic measures to address violence against women and girls with disabilities.

Violence in the Lives of Persons who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing

added 06/14/2009
National Resource Center on Domestic Violence in consultation with Gretchen Waech and the National Cross-Systems Advocacy Network

"This Special Collection offers information regarding the experiences and needs of individuals who are Deaf or hard of hearing and victims/survivors of domestic and/or sexual violence. The collection seeks to increase knowledge and understanding of deaf culture, provide resources to assist professionals working directly with deaf individuals, and highlight best practices."

Working with Victims of Crime with Disabilities

added 01/13/2006
Cheryl Guidry Tyiska, Director of Victim Services, National Organization for Victim Assistance

This is a product of the Symposium on Working with Crime Victims with Disabilities, funded by the Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) and coordinated by the National Organization for Victim Assistance (NOVA). They developed recommendations for OVC and the victim assistance field on improving the response in serving crime victims with disabilities.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Domestic violence overlap

'I am at the lowest end of all' : Rural women living with HIV face human rights abuses in South Africa

added 06/11/2008
Amnesty International (AI) (March 2008)

"This report provides an analysis of patterns of human rights abuses against women who are exposed to the risk of or are already living with HIV in rural contexts of widespread poverty and unemployment."

Achieving Equity for Women: Policy Alternatives for the New Administration Symposium Report (pdf)

added 05/25/2010
Institute for Women’s Policy Research and Wellesley Centers for Women

"This report summarizes the policy research symposium convened by the Institute for Women’s Policy Research and the Wellesley Centers for Women, held in Washington, DC on April 2, 2009. The symposium highlighted four policy areas in which public policy can work to improve the status of women in the United States: women and economic recovery; retirement, social security and aging; quality early care and education; and women and health care reform."

Additional Scripts for Clinic Assessment (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

This document is created for healthcare professionals and provides a series of scripted questions and responses when working with victims of violence. The information is intended to help communicate all the information needed to give to a patient as well as responding to immediate safety issues and making referrals.

Addressing Gender-based Violence: UNFPA Strategy and Framework for Action (pdf)

added 03/11/2009

This report, grounded in UNFPA's overarching goal of eliminating violence against women and girls, identifies particular areas where action is most urgently needed and proposes general policy frameworks for combating gender-based violence.

Assessing for Reproductive Coercion: Suggestions for Violence Screening in Reproductive Health Settings (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

Offers information to health care providers and counselors on the importance of screening for reproductive coercion. Also offers a framework for assessing and responding to sensitive reproductive information.

Baseline Survey on Sexual and Gender Based Violence in Rwanda (pdf)

added 12/17/2009
UNIFEM in collaboration with the Department of Applied Statistics of the National University of Rwanda

"This study was conducted to shed light on the magnitude of sexual and gender-based violence in Rwanda, and to determine and analyze the perceptions that communities have about the nature, causes and consequences of incidents of violence. This study also explores the subsequent actions that survivors have taken, and evaluates the role of various stakeholders in preventing and fighting sexual and gender-based violence."

Boys will be Boys: Understanding the Impact of Child Maltreatment and Family Violence on the Sexual, Reproductive, and Parenting Behaviors of Young Men (pdf)

added 06/25/2010
Abby Kahn and Pat Paluzzi, Healthy Teen Network

A paper on the impact of physical, sexual, and psychological abuse, and exposure to family violence on the sexual, reproductive, and parenting behaviors of young men.

Breaking the Silence: A Training Manual for Activists, Advocates, and Latina Organizers (pdf)

added 10/29/2008
Sonia Parras Konrad, Bernardo Merino, Monica Arenas, Leni Marin, Virginia Ortega, Carolyn Hubbard, Family Violence Prevention Fund

"A guide for domestic violence service providers, activists, counselors and others focused on advancing the rights of battered immigrant women. Based on the FVPF's successful pilot project, the manual provides essential details on how to start organizing and maintaining a group of activists and counselors. This guide is also available in Spanish."

Breaking the Silence: A Training Manual for Activists, Advocates, and Latina Organizers (Spanish) (pdf)

added 10/29/2008
Sonia Parras Konrad, Bernardo Merino, Mónica Arenas, Leni Marin, Virginia Ortega, Carolyn Hubbard, Family Violence Prevention Fund

"The first ever guide for domestic violence service providers, activists, counselors and others focused on advancing the rights of battered immigrant women. Based on the FVPF's successful pilot project, the manual provides essential details on how to start organizing and maintaining a group of activists and counselors. This guide is also available in English."

Child and Family Service Review Outcomes: Strategies to Improve Domestic Violence Responses in CFSR Program Improvement Plans (pdf)

added 11/15/2009
Shellie Taggart

"Child and Family Service Reviews (CFSRs) evaluate public child welfare systems to determine how well they achieve safety, permanency, and well-being in difficult situations of neglect, physical and sexual abuse, and co-existing domestic violence, substance abuse, mental health issues, poverty, and community violence. This guide can help stakeholders develop effective (Program Improvement Plans) PIPs for achieving safety, permanency, and well-being in domestic violence cases, and to identify or anticipate related technical assistance needs."

Child Protection Information Sheets (pdf)

added 03/18/2009

"This booklet comprises 14 information sheets which highlight how child protection is crucial to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. Covering different forms of abuse, these sheets also outline how to build a protective environment for children and what UNICEF is doing on the ground to protect children."

Child Sexual Abuse: Child Survivors, Mothers, and Perpetrators Tell Their Stories (pdf)

added 01/14/2009
Jane Gilgun, Ph.D., LICSW and Alankaar Sharma, MSW

This book is full of hard-to-find information about child sexual abuse and is based on interviews with children, mothers, and perpetrators. Through these interviews, questions many people have surrounding this issue are answered. This book reveals how our culture gangs up on child victims to the benefit of perpetrators.

Chinese Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Chinese translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Colonization and Violence against Women (pdf)

added 06/30/2010
Val Kalei Kanuha

This article was created from the Proceedings from the National Summit on Domestic Violence in Asian and Pacific Islander Communities, which was held in June 2002. The article highlights various myths around the Asian and Pacific Islander cultures and colonization's role, as it relates to violence against women.

Community Engagement Curriculum Guide (pdf)

added 04/23/2010
Mimi Kim

This training curriculum is based on a report from the API Institute on Domestic Violence titled "The Community Engagement Continuum: Outreach, Mobilization, Organizing and Accountability to Address Violence Against Women in Asian & Pacific Islander Communities".

Comprehensive Issue Spotting: A Tool for Civil Attorneys Representing Victims of Domestic & Dating Violence, Sexual Assault & Stalking (pdf)

added 09/24/2009

"This is a client-centered tool for civil attorneys new to representing victims of domestic and dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking to provide comprehensive representation and advocacy for their clients."

Conceptualizing Juvenile Prostitution as Child Maltreatment: Findings from the National Juvenile Prostitution Study (pdf)

added 08/11/2010
Kimberly J. Mitchell, David Finkelhor and Janis Wolak

"Two studies were conducted to identify the incidence (Study 1) and characteristics (Study 2) of juvenile prostitution cases known to law enforcement agencies in the United States. Findings indicate law enforcement responses to juvenile prostitution are influential in determining whether such youth are viewed as victims of commercial sexual exploitation or as delinquents."

Culture Handbook for working with those who have experienced sexual or domestic violence (pdf)

added 10/29/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

"This handbook is designed to be used by advocates and professionals who work with those who are victims of domestic and sexual violence. It provides some basic information on how to understand culture and begin the process of challenging oneself to become more aware of the ways in which culture impacts our work and the lives of those who are victims."

Did You Know Your Relationship Affects Your Health? (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

A tri-fold patient safety card which contains a checklist to assess safety, healthy/unhealthy relationships, and children's exposure to violence. The card also provides resources and information on how to get help.

Did You Know Your Relationship Affects Your Health? (Spanish) (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

A tri-fold patient safety card which contains a checklist to assess safety, healthy/unhealthy relationships, and children's exposure to violence. The card also provides resources and information on how to get help.

Domestic Violence Against Women and Girls (pdf)

added 09/30/2009

"UNICEF's report discusses the scope and magnitude of the problem, causes and consequences of domestic violence, the socio-economic costs of violence, strategies and interventions, and state obligations with regard to domestic violence."

Domestic Violence Against Women in Albania (pdf)

added 09/30/2009

"This qualitative report examines the prevalence of domestic violence in Albania, including forms of domestic violence and complicating factors."

Domestic Violence Counts: NCDVS Census Report 2006 (pdf)

added 03/26/2007
National Network to End Domestic Violence

A 24-hour census of domestic violence shelters and services across the United States.

Economic Violence To Women and Girls: Is It Receiving the Necessary Attention? (pdf)

added 09/19/2008
Olufunmilayo I. Fawole

"This paper seeks to draw attention to the types of economic violence experienced by women, and describes its consequences on health and development. Recommendations for practice, policy, and research are also given."

Elder Abuse: A Women’s Issue (pdf)

added 07/11/2010

"This report brings together experts and organizations that work to combat the problem of elder abuse, sharing its many dimensions and complexities, how it affects women in a disproportionate manner, and seeking effective solutions."

Eliminating Violence against Children (pdf)

added 03/13/2009
Inter-Parliamentary Union and UNICEF

"Jointly produced by UNICEF and the Inter-Parliamentary Union, this handbook describes measures parliamentarians can take to end violence against children: they can legislate, oversee government activities, allocate financial resources and, as leaders in their nations and communities, raise awareness of issues."

Ending Violence Against Women: Programming for Prevention, Protection and Care (pdf)

added 06/08/2010

"This handbook, intended primarily for development practitioners, provides practical points to consider when designing and implementing projects addressing violence against women. It is a collection of good practices drawn from ten case studies."

Family Violence Death Review Committee First Annual Report (pdf)

added 03/05/2010

The Family Violence Death Review Committee's overarching goal is to contribute to the prevention of family violence and family violence deaths in New Zealand. The report outlines the objectives and achievements for the first year as well as goals and recommendations for the following year.

Family Violence Prevention and Health Practice Winter 2010 Issue

added 02/03/2010
Futures Without Violence

This issue includes topics such as dating violence, recent domestic and sexual violence related research, and the intersection between domestic violence, poverty, substance abuse, and mental health.

Family Violence Statistics: Including Statistics on Strangers and Acquaintances (pdf)

added 06/14/2005
Bureau of Justice Statistics

This study compares family and nonfamily violence statistics from victimization through the different stages of the justice system. Family violence is defined as all types of violent crime committed by an offender who is related to the victim and includes spouse abuse, parental violence against a child, and violence among other family members. Nonfamily relationships used for comparison include boyfriends and girlfriends, friends and acquaintances, and strangers. Data are drawn from victimization surveys, official police statistics, State and Federal court statistics, and surveys of inmates in State prisons and local jails.

Farsi Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 06/30/2010

Farsi translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. It locates a range of abuses and abusers in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration.

Final Report: Sexual Assault Among Latinas (SALAS) Study (pdf)

added 06/03/2010
Carlos A. Cuevas, Ph.D., Chiara Sabina, Ph.D.

A national study focusing on Latino women’s victimization involving sexual assault. The report highlights victimization experiences, help-seeking efforts, and cultural factors. Implications for policy and future research are discussed.

Gender Oppression, Abuse and Violence: Community Accountability within the People of Color Progressive Movement (pdf)

added 07/12/2005
Incite! Women of Color Against Violence

This report is generated from a two-day meeting held in Seattle February 7 – 8, 2004 by an ad-hoc INCITE! Community Accountability in Organizations Working Group. This group specifically gathered to address gender oppression including patriarchical political and work environments, sexual harassment, domestic violence, and sexual assault committed against women/girls/women-identified persons of color within progressive, radical and revolutionary people of color organizations and movement.

How to obtain U Interim Relief: A Brief Manual for Advocates Assisting Immigrant Victims of Crime (pdf)

added 11/25/2008
Sally Kinoshita, Immigrant Legal Resource Center

This manual provides U Visa information for advocates who assist victims of crime, including domestic violence. The author outlines the definition, requirements, and application process for U Visa Interim relief and also offers information on obtaining permanent residency and derivative status for family members.

Human Rights Dialogue: Violence Against Women (pdf)

added 12/18/2003
Carnegie Council on Ethics and International Affairs

This special edition of the magazine explores how women's advocates are challenging the public/private divide, the cultural and religious objections to granting women's rights, and the common blindness to linkages between violence against women and the deprivation of other rights, specifically economic and social rights.

Improving the Health Care Response to Domestic Violence: A Trainer's Manual for Health Care Providers

added 10/29/2008
Anne L. Ganley, Ph.D, John Fazio, R.N., M.S., Ariella Hyman, J.D., Lisa James, M.A., Anita Ruiz-Contreras, R.N., M.S.N., C.E.N., The Family Violence Prevention Fund

"This Trainer's Manual was developed to help health care providers and domestic violence advocates meet the challenge of training clinicians and other staff within the busy clinic or hospital setting. The Manual provides step-by-step instructions for teaching each section of the Resource Manual including the basics of domestic violence, clinical skills, legal issues, community resources, and role play scenarios. It also includes a special module on cultural diversity."

Interpersonal violence and alcohol (pdf)

added 03/27/2010

This report by the World Health Organization presents research on the relation between alcohol and violence. It suggests that alcohol is a situational determinant which increases the risk of most types of violence. Hazardous and harmful use of alcohol has also been shown to be an important consequence of experiencing or witnessing most forms of violence, but especially child maltreatment and intimate partner violence.

Intimate or Childhood Sexual Abuse and Obesity in Kentucky

added 11/04/2008
Ann L. Coker, PhD, MPH; Corrine Williams, ScD; James E. Ferguson, II, MD; Heather M. Bush, PhD; Yasmin Parrish; Leslie Crofford, MD

This study concluded that sexual abuse, whether experienced as an adult or child, was associated with a 32% increase in obesity among 4,391 women in Kentucky. The study also found that intimate partner violence and obesity are common health threats for women. The authors suggest that efforts to prevent physical and sexual abuse and mental health consequences of abuse on victims can have implications to improve women's health.

Intimate Partner Sexual Violence Support Group Guide (pdf)

added 10/13/2009
Jennifer Y. Levy-Peck, Ph.D.

This is a manual with detailed information on developing and facilitating a psychoeducational support group for survivors of intimate partner sexual violence (IPSV). It also includes information on how to incorporate IPSV topics into more general support groups focused on domestic violence or sexual assault.

Korean Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Korean translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence

added 04/23/2010

"The Lifetime Spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Other formats: pdf

Male Reproductive Control of Women Who Have Experienced Intimate Partner Violence in the United States (pdf)

added 05/18/2010
Ann M. Moore, Lori Frohwirth, and Elizabeth Miller

"A study conducted through in-depth interviews with 71 women aged 18-49 who had a history of intimate partner violence. Findings include male reproductive control which encompasses pregnancy-promoting behaviors as well as control and abuse during pregnancy in an attempt to influence the pregnancy outcome. Recommendations include assessing for male reproductive control among women seeking reproductive health services, including antenatal care, so that health care providers may be able to provide education, care, and counseling to help women protect their reproductive health and physical safety."

Manual for estimating the economic costs of injuries due to interpersonal and self-directed violence (pdf)

added 06/11/2008
World Health Organization, Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2008)

"The manual provides a standardized set of recommendations to estimate the direct and indirect economic costs of interpersonal and self-directed violence."

Mexico: Amnesty International Submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review

added 04/15/2009

An Amnesty International report submitted to the United Nations Human Rights Council in February 2009. The report highlighted problems in the area of violence against women, in particular, the prevalence of domestic violence in Mexico and the femicides in Ciudad Juarez along the U.S.-Mexican border.

On the Road to Equality: Statewide Findings & Policy Recommendations (pdf)

added 05/25/2010

"A supplement to the Status of Girls in Minnesota report by the Women’s Foundation of Minnesota in partnership with the Institute for Women’s Policy Research. Focus groups were conducted in 18 Minnesota communities that included African American, Latino, Native American, Asian American, LBT (Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender), and disabilities communities — to share key research findings and gain community input. This report captures the voices and policy recommendations of these communities, nonprofit and public leaders."

Poised for Prevention: Advancing Promising Approaches to Primary Prevention of Intimate Partner Violence

added 09/25/2009

"This report includes a discussion of primary prevention of intimate partner violence, promising approaches to environmental/norms change, an examination of IPV primary prevention within immigrant communities, recommended actions to building momentum for primary prevention of IPV, and immediate next steps. The report is designed as a catalyst and call to action, to give a sense of direction and raise some issues for consideration."

Programming to Address Violence against Women (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

"This is the second volume in a series that focuses on prevention and response tools for violence against women. The publication features eight case studies that highlight initiatives that have proven successful in combating violence against women: Algeria, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe. The UNFPA hopes to support current efforts in the eight case study countries and encourage other countries to take steps toward ending violence against women."

Progress of South Asian Women 2005 (pdf)

added 04/23/2009
Dr. Ratna Sudarshan

"The document presents a snapshot of women's situation in South Asia, an overview of the processes at work promoting the advancement of women, and identifies gaps during the period 2000–2005. Some of the challenges noted are disproportionate returns to contributions, the added "burden of care," a declining sex ratio, increased gender-based violence, trafficking of women and girls, and the spread of HIV/AIDS."

Progress of the World's Women 2000

added 04/07/2009

UNIFEM's first issue in the biennial investigation of progress made towards a world where women live free from violence, poverty and inequality. Topics covered include women's economic security and rights, engendering governance and leadership and promoting women's human rights.

Promoting Gender Equality in HIV and AIDS Responses: Making Aid More Effective Through Tracking Results (pdf)

added 12/17/2009
UNIFEM with the assistance of the European Union

"This document presents key findings of the consultation held in May 2008 to identify and promote approaches in national development planning, implementation and budgeting that bring real results in empowering women and reducing HIV and AIDS among women and girls. It highlights the need for a framework that links structural, social and individual determinants of gender inequality as well as presents opportunities to strengthen the focus on intersections between HIV, violence against women, and sexual and reproductive health access and rights. This publication includes a multimedia resource CD, available below for download."

Punjabi Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/23/2010

"Punjabi translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Report Cards on Teen Dating Violence 2008 (pdf)

added 02/06/2008
Break the Cycle

Break the Cycle issued the first-ever state-by-state report cards evaluating the level of legal protection each state offers young victims of domestic and dating violence. The report was issued in conjunction with National Teen Dating Violence Awareness and Prevention Week, February 4-8, 2008.

Reproductive Justice & Violence Against Women: Understanding the Intersections

added 07/07/2010

"The purpose of this special collection is to provide resources and an introduction to reproductive justice, focusing particularly on the connections between the elimination of reproductive oppression and domestic and sexual violence."

Resource Guide for Advocates & Attorneys on Interpretation Services for Domestic Violence Victims (pdf)

added 04/23/2010
Chic Dabby and Cannon Han

This document provides guidelines from the Interpretation Technical Assistance and Resource Center that focus on court interpretation for domestic and sexual violence victims with limited English proficiency. These guidelines inform how advocacy, interpretation, and language access can be integrated.

Security Begins at Home (pdf)

added 02/25/2009

The Kosova Women’s Network released the country’s first study on domestic violence, called Security Begins at Home. The report highlights key points such as: what the citizens of Kosovo perceive as domestic violence, the forms and consequences of domestic violence, citizens' response to ending it, and the legal and institutional gaps in addressing it.

Sexual Abuse in Later Life (pdf)

added 07/11/2010
Bonnie Brandl and Holly Ramsey Klawsnik

"This article addresses sexual assault in later life and specifically focuses on victimization of elders that occurs in the context of intimate partner violence, incest, and care facilities."

Sexual Violence against Asian, Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander Women (pdf)

added 08/23/2010

This document provides guidelines for advocates on various points of intersection of domestic and sexual violence in the API communities.

Silence is Violence: End the Abuse of Women in Afghanistan (pdf)

added 07/29/2009

A new United Nations (UN) report on women in Afghanistan that focuses on the growing trend of violence and threats against women in public life and rape/sexual violence. The report concludes that these forms of violence are a huge occurrence in the everyday lives of Afghan women and the government has a crucial role in helping to eradicate these harmful practices towards women.

State Court Processing of Domestic Violence Cases

added 06/11/2008
Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs (February 2008)

"Report on a study comparing domestic violence and non-domestic violence sexual and aggravated assault cases filed in state courts of 15 large urban counties during May 2002 on 11 prosecution, conviction and sentencing outcome measures."

Status of Girls in Minnesota

added 05/25/2010
Women’s Foundation of Minnesota and the Institute for Women’s Policy Research

"This 2008 report provides detailed information on the status of girls in Minnesota. It also serves as a tool for advocates, researchers, and policy makers in developing a set of interventions that will ensure girls’ economic, social, and political equality in the state. "

Substance Abuse and Intimate Partner Violence

added 06/11/2008
Larry Bennett and Patricia Bland

This paper discusses the link between substance abuse(SA) and intimate partner violence(IPV), the co-occurrence of SA and IPV, highlight the special role of men’s drunkenness in IPV, examine substance abuse by victims, and briefly present issues related to coordination and integration of SA and IPV services.

The "Battering Syndrome": Prevalence and Clinical Characteristics of Domestic Violence in Primary Care Internal Medicine Practices

added 08/18/2008
Jeanne McCauley, MD; David E. Kern, MD, MPH; Ken Kolodner, ScD; Laurie Dill, MD; Arthur F. Schroeder, MD; Hallie K. DeChant, MD; Janice Ryden, MD; Eric B. Bass, MD, MPH; and Len R. Derogatis, PhD

The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of domestic violence among female patients and to identify clinical characteristics that are associated with current domestic violence.

The Economic Dimensions of Interpersonal Violence (pdf)

added 07/21/2009
Hugh Waters, et al., Department of Injuries and Violence Prevention, World Health Organization

This document examines the economic effects of interpersonal violence, including sexual violence, as well as the economic effects of interventions seeking to reduce violence and the ways in which economic factors such as poverty and income inequality contribute to violence.

The Facts on Reproductive Health and Violence Against Women (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

This fact sheet provides information and statistics on teen and adult unintended pregnancies, contraception use, sexually transmitted infections, and violence during pregnancy.

The prevalence of child abuse and neglect

added 05/28/2010
Rhys Price-Robertson, Leah Bromfield and Suzanne Vassallo

"A resource sheet that summarizes the current knowledge about the prevalence of child abuse and neglect in Australia. It provides an overview of Australian studies that have estimated the prevalence of the different forms of child maltreatment."

The Role of Men and Boys in Achieving Gender Equality (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

A United Nations report that recognizes eliminating violence against women through the promotion of gender equality. The report outlines obstacles men and boys face in this struggle and identifies ways in which they can be involved in preventing violence against women.

The Role of the Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner in the Prosecution of Domestic Violence Cases (pdf)

added 02/19/2010
Jenifer Markowitz, ND

"This document examines the basic components of the domestic violence medico-legal examination; the potential for using findings from the medico-legal examination in prosecutions; and the role of the prosecutor and other Sexual Assault Response Team (SART) members in expanding forensic nursing programs to include care of the domestic violence victim."

The State of the World's Children 2009 Report

added 03/13/2009

"The State of the World's Children 2009 examines critical issues in maternal and newborn health, underscoring the need to establish a comprehensive continuum of care for mothers, newborns and children. The report outlines the latest paradigms in health programming and policies for mothers and newborns, and explores policies, programmes and partnerships aimed at improving maternal and neonatal health. Africa and Asia are a key focus for this report, which complements the previous year's issue on child survival."

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Manual on the preparation, filing and processing of applications pursuant to the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA). Also includes detailed information on Special Immigrant Juvenile Status for Children Under Juvenile Court Jurisdiction, and U and T Non-Immigrant Visas (Victims of Crime and Trafficking). A good resource for advocates and legal professionals working with these victims.
This document takes some time to download, especially with a slow connection.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 1-100 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 101-200 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 201-300 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 301-380 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

Together We Must! End Violence against Women and Girls and HIV & AIDS (pdf)

added 12/17/2009
Jacqui Patterson, with contributions from Nazneen Damji, Deborah McKinney, Neelanjana Mukhia, Everjoice Win and Jenny Drezin

"This document represents an initial effort to draw attention to the knowledge, institutional capacity and resources needed to comprehensively address the intersection between HIV & AIDS and VAWG. The aim is to stimulate debate and collaboration among practitioners and advocates around how to identify and promote effective prevention policies and practices that can be adapted to various contexts."

Trust Betrayed

added 12/18/1997
 

This booklet, designed by the West Virginia Bureau for Public Health, helps young adults understand the dynamics of healthy relationships; the signs of controlling relationships; the strategies for dealing with dating violence; and the resources available to end the cycle of violence.

UN study on Violence Against Children

added 03/13/2009

"A press release on a new effort to provide a detailed global picture of the nature, extent and causes of violence against children, and propose clear recommendations for action to prevent and reduce such violence. The study focuses on violence against children in five settings: the home and family, schools and educational settings, other institutional settings (orphanages, children in conflict with the law), the community and on the streets, and work situations. "

Understanding National Rape Statistics (pdf)

added 10/02/2009
Dean Kilpatrick and Jenna McCauley with contributions from Grace Mattern

"This Applied Research paper provides an overview of how estimates of sexual violence in the United States are produced, with particular emphasis on major sources of rape statistics at the national level."

Using Rapist Risk Factors to Set an Agenda for Rape Prevention

added 10/18/2009
Raymond A. Knight and Judith Sims-Knight with contributions from Suzanne Brown-McBride

"This article briefly reviews the empirical research on the behaviors, traits, developmental experiences, and biological antecedents that have been found to be associated with an increased probability that a male will become sexually aggressive. It attempts to differentiate correlative and causative factors and to identify gaps in our knowledge that must be addressed to develop models of etiology on which to base effective prevention programs."

Other formats: pdf

VAWnet Mini-Special Collection: Supporting the Women of Haiti

added 04/07/2010

"This collection includes initiatives supporting relief efforts in Haiti, especially those focused on delivering aid to women and responding to those at higher risk for sexual and/or domestic violence."

Vietnamese Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 06/29/2010

Vietnamese translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence.

Violence Against Women: Classic Papers

added 08/21/2009
Raquel Kennedy Bergen, Jeffrey L. Edleson and Claire M. Renzetti

The purpose of this project was to assemble some of the classic works in the field of violence against women so that new generations of students, practitioners, and researchers would have a collective understanding of the work that has shaped the field. Included are commentaries from the original authors, when available, reflecting on why they authored the work when they did and the influence of their work on the field.

Violence in Families: Assessing Prevention and Treatment Programs

added 08/01/2006
Rosemary Chalk and Patricia A. King, Eds.

This is a full-text online book made available courtesy of The National Academies Press. This important book, published in 1998, details out chapter by chapter the different types of interventions to be utilized by different types of professionals, as well as makes recommendations.

Women and Health: Today’s Evidence, Tomorrow’s Agenda (pdf)

added 04/30/2010

"This report reviews evidence on the health issues that particularly affect girls and women throughout their life course. This report uses currently available data to draw attention to the consequences and costs of failing to address health issues at appropriate points in their lives."

Women in the Wake of the Storm: Examining the Post-Katrina Realities of the Women of New Orleans and the Gulf Coast

added 12/12/2007
Avis A. Jones-DeWeever, Ph.D.

This report shares findings garnered from a series of interviews held with a diverse group of women from throughout the Gulf region. In telling their stories, it provides an analysis of women's increased vulnerability during times of natural disasters and lays out policy recommendations that pinpoint how best to address those needs in the wake of this disaster, and in anticipation of the next.

Women, War and Peace: The Independent Experts' Assessment on the Impact of Armed Conflict on Women and Women's Role in Peace Building

added 11/19/2002

This report covers many areas of concern, from the gendered dimensions of violence and displacement during conflict to the role of peacekeepers and the need for women to play a central part during peace negotiations and reconstruction. Key recommendations focus on finding ways to protect and empower women.

Working to End Violence Against Women in Brazil

added 07/13/2010

"This VAWnet special collection highlights and celebrates the tremendous work being done in Brazil to end violence against women. The selected materials and resources provide a snapshot of the magnitude of the problem and highlight various recommendations for public policy as well as opportunities for community involvement and action."

Yaari Dosti: Young Men Redefine Masculinity (pdf)

added 04/30/2010

"This training manual is a tool for those aiming to promote gender equity and address masculinity as a strategy for the prevention of HIV infection. The Manual is based on operations research that was undertaken in Mumbai and Uttar Pradesh to develop educational activities targeted to young men."

Zero Tolerance: Stop the Violence Against Women and Children, Stop HIV/AIDS (pdf)

added 08/22/2006
Global AIDS Alliance

Violence is linked to HIV. Women who have experienced violence may be up to three times more likely to acquire HIV. In addition to behavioral risk factors, there are direct consequences of unprotected forced or coerced sex, and this is compounded by global HIV/AIDS policies that fail to take seriously the realities facing women and girls. Fear of violence can prevent women from seeking VCT, disclosing their serostatus, and receiving treatment when it is needed.


Elder sexual abuse

A Response to the Abuse of Vulnerable Adults (pdf)

added 02/10/2006
National Center on Elder Abuse

This report is the result of a 2000 survey of state adult protective services conducted by the National Association of Adult Protective Services Administrators.

Abuse in Later Life (pdf)

added 03/27/2012
National Coalition Against Domestic Violence

Fact sheet on the abuse of individuals in later life. Includes definitions, challenges and general information.

Abuse in Later Life Wheel (pdf)

added 10/16/2008

This power and control wheel is developed for older victims and is adapted from the original power/equality wheel by the Domestic Abuse Intervention Project in Duluth, MN.

Abuse, Neglect and Exploitation In Licensed Facilities (pdf)

added 08/06/1996
Bureau of Elder and Adult Services of Maine

Offers information and resources on elder abuse, neglect, and exploitation in licensed facilities.

Addressing Elder Sexual Abuse: Developing a Community Response

added 07/21/2005
Karla Vierthaler, Nora Dowd Eisenhower and Delia Rumberg

This multimedia curriculum is created to promote community partnerships in combating elder sexual abuse. This is a joint project of the Pennsylvania Coalition Against Rape and the Pennsylvania Department of Aging and is funded by the Pennsylvania Department of Aging and the Pennsylvania Commission on Crime & Delinquency.

Chinese Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Chinese translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Detecting, Addressing and Preventing Elder Abuse in Residential Care Facilities (pdf)

added 07/11/2010
Catherine Hawes and Anne-Marie Kimbell, National Criminal Justice Reference Service

"This study focused on detection, investigation, and resolution of elder abuse and neglect complaints in what are known as residential care facilities."

Elder Abuse and Neglect

added 07/19/2010
Linda M. Woolf, Ph.D.

This document provides an overview of elder abuse including types of abuse, risk factors, and prevention and intervention strategies for individuals, families, and communities.

Elder Abuse and Neglect Basics: Elder Abuse Laws

added 02/10/2006

This page provides a brief overview of the major areas of federal and state law related to services for elder abuse victims, civil remedies for elder abuse, neglect and exploitation, and the prosecution of crimes against elderly people.

Elder Abuse: A Women’s Issue (pdf)

added 07/11/2010

"This report brings together experts and organizations that work to combat the problem of elder abuse, sharing its many dimensions and complexities, how it affects women in a disproportionate manner, and seeking effective solutions."

Elder Mistreatment: Abuse, Neglect, and Exploitation in an Aging America

added 08/01/2006
Richard J. Bonnie and Robert B. Wallace, Eds

This full book link is provided courtesy of The National Academies Press. This is an online book and can be read in its entirety front to back, by chapter or skimmed by topic of interest. Published in 2002, this book details everything from the definitions and concepts of elder abuse to the public policy implications as well as to the types of interventions available for working with this population.

Farsi Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 06/30/2010

Farsi translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. It locates a range of abuses and abusers in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration.

Housing and Sexual Violence: Overview of National Survey (pdf)

added 08/04/2010

"This report provides a summary of key findings and policy recommendations from a national survey on housing and sexual violence. The National Sexual Violence Resource Center partnered with the Victims Rights Law Center, National Sexual Assault Coalition Resource Sharing Project, Louisiana Foundation Against Sexual Assault, University of New Hampshire, and Pennsylvania Community Legal Services to develop and conduct this survey in 2008."

Korean Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Korean translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence

added 04/23/2010

"The Lifetime Spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Other formats: pdf

National Elder Abuse Incidence Study - 1998 (pdf)

added 02/10/2006

The first report of its kind in the U.S., this incidence report details the definitions of elder abuse, the characteristics of victims and perpetrators of elder abuse, and the findings of this survey project.

Ohio Elder Abuse Task Force Report (pdf)

added 06/21/2005
Elder Abuse Task Force, State of Ohio

This report consists of recommendations, issues for future consideration, and implementation strategies for the prevention of elder abuse as a result of research done by the Ohio Elder Abuse Task Force.

Preventing and Responding to Domestic & Sexual Violence in Later Life

added 07/11/2010
Minnesota Center Against Violence and Abuse(MINCAVA), National Sexual Violence Resource Center (NSVRC), and National Resource Center on Domestic Violence (NRCDV)

"This special collection brings together selected materials related to preventing and responding to elder abuse, specifically domestic and sexual violence. It highlights the complexities of older people's DV/SV experiences and emphasizes collaborative and multi-pronged approaches to addressing DV/SV in later life."

Punjabi Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/23/2010

"Punjabi translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Report on Research on Rape and Violence (pdf)

added 05/14/2008
California Coalition Against Sexual Assault

"This report is a compendium of research on issues related to rape, sexual assault, and violence. While efforts have been made to include research from as many sources as possible, it is inevitable that other valuable sources of research may contain information no included in this report."

Rural Domestic and Sexual Abuse Program Advocates: Making a Difference in the Lives of Older Survivors of Abuse

added 10/17/2013

The purpose of this booklet is to provide rural domestic and sexual abuse service programs with possible resources and tools to effectively respond to abuse in later life, an issue that lies at the nexus between domestic violence, sexual assault, and elder abuse. The first section provides an overview of abuse in later life and the unique challenges it poses for older victims and service providers. The remainder of the booklet provides ideas and perspectives for serving older victims, including suggestions on tailoring services in domestic and sexual violence programs to better meet the needs of this population and a discussion on how communities can work together to respond to abuse in later life.

Screening for Intimate Partner Violence and Abuse of Elderly and Vulnerable Adults (Fact Sheet)

added 01/23/2013
U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force makes recommendations about the effectiveness of specific clinical preventive services for patients without related signs or symptoms. Recommendations are based on the evidence of both the benefits and harms of the service and an assessment of the balance. This Recommendation Statement recommends that clinicians screen women of childbearing age for intimate partner violence (IPV), such as domestic violence, and provide or refer women who screen positive to intervention services. At this time, current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening all elderly or vulnerable adults.
This resource links to the fact sheet that explains the final recommendation statement in plain language. To access the full report, visit http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf12/ipvelder/ipvelderfinalrs.htm

Sexual Abuse in Later Life (pdf)

added 07/11/2010
Bonnie Brandl and Holly Ramsey Klawsnik

"This article addresses sexual assault in later life and specifically focuses on victimization of elders that occurs in the context of intimate partner violence, incest, and care facilities."

Sexual Violence in Later Life Information Packet

added 06/25/2010

This information packet includes a fact sheet, technical assistance bulletin, technical assistance guide, resource list, annotated bibliography, and a research brief all related to sexual violence in later life.

Sexual Violence in Later Life: Research Brief (pdf)

added 07/11/2010

"This brief reviews research on risk and protective factors related to sexual violence in later life. It discusses the unique vulnerabilities and barriers to reporting that older victims face, the nature of sexual violence in later life in various contexts and settings, and common variables among perpetrators."

Tagalog Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Tagalog translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

The Availability and Utility of Interdisciplinary Data on Elder Abuse: A White Paper for the National Center on Elder Abuse (pdf)

added 08/01/2006

This new study commissioned by NCEA highlights data sources on elder abuse in the health care, long term care, criminal justice, fiduciary, and legal services arenas, beyond adult protective services data. Such data are required as a basis for informed and enlightened social policy on the prevention and treatment of elder abuse.

Vietnamese Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 06/29/2010

Vietnamese translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence.

Why Does Abuse Happen in Later Life?

added 05/27/2009

"This forum explores the issue of elder abuse and is hosted by Diana Christen, Executive Director of the Family Life Center, a Certified Domestic/Sexual Violence Center and Emergency Shelter in Bunnell, Florida. Diana has specialized in the prevention of domestic/sexual violence for over 10 years."

Women and Health: Today’s Evidence, Tomorrow’s Agenda (pdf)

added 04/30/2010

"This report reviews evidence on the health issues that particularly affect girls and women throughout their life course. This report uses currently available data to draw attention to the consequences and costs of failing to address health issues at appropriate points in their lives."

You Will Be Punished: Attacks on Civilians in Eastern Congo

added 01/20/2010

"This report, which is based on interviews with victims, witnesses and family members, details violations of international humanitarian law in Eastern Congo by military forces, including the deaths of more than 1,400 citizens in 2009. Nearly 7,500 cases of sexual violence against women and girls in eastern Congo were also recorded by the UN between January and September 2009."


Global

'I can't afford justice': Violence against women in Uganda continues unchecked and unpunished (pdf)

added 06/08/2010

An Amnesty International Report that documents obstacles to justice in cases of rape and sexual violence against women in Uganda. The report found that the society’s strong adherence to traditional values impedes the enforcement of progressive laws. The report concludes with legal policy recommendations to better meet the needs of victims.

15 Years of the United Nations Rapporteur on Violence against Women, Its Causes and Consequences (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

This report reviews the status of violence against women as researched in 14 annual reports, 32 country mission reports, and 11 communication reports published as recently as December 2008. The report focuses on reproductive health and rights, poverty, migration, internally displaced persons (IDPs), women refugees, trafficking, aging, and adolescent girls. It also highlights how the mandate on violence against women has changed, what has been learned, and problems still to be addressed.

Addressing Conflict-Related Sexual Violence – An Analytical Inventory of Peacekeeping Practice (pdf)

added 07/25/2010
UNIFEM, United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations, UN Action against Sexual Violence in Conflict

"This document captures best practices and emerging elements for a more effective response by peacekeepers to women’s security concerns and catalogues direct and indirect efforts to combat sexual violence during and in the wake of war."

Addressing Gender-based Violence: UNFPA Strategy and Framework for Action (pdf)

added 03/11/2009

This report, grounded in UNFPA's overarching goal of eliminating violence against women and girls, identifies particular areas where action is most urgently needed and proposes general policy frameworks for combating gender-based violence.

AIDS Accountability Scorecard on Women 2009 (pdf)

added 04/30/2010

"The first ever global scorecard analyzing country responses to the specific needs and vulnerabilities of women in the context of the AIDS epidemic. This independent assessment, developed through a comprehensive consultative process with global health experts and civil society representatives from across the world, evaluates data that all governments provide as part of the 2001 United Nations Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS."

Baseline Survey on Sexual and Gender Based Violence in Rwanda (pdf)

added 12/17/2009
UNIFEM in collaboration with the Department of Applied Statistics of the National University of Rwanda

"This study was conducted to shed light on the magnitude of sexual and gender-based violence in Rwanda, and to determine and analyze the perceptions that communities have about the nature, causes and consequences of incidents of violence. This study also explores the subsequent actions that survivors have taken, and evaluates the role of various stakeholders in preventing and fighting sexual and gender-based violence."

Beyond Child Labour, Affirming Rights (pdf)

added 03/18/2009

Beyond Child Labour shows how UNICEF and its major partners are working to end child labour, a cause of poverty.

Case Closed: Rape and Human Rights in the Nordic Countries Summary Report (pdf)

added 04/14/2010

"A report analyzing the legal framework for handling rape cases in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. The report recommends legislative changes for each country’s rape laws to increase the number of successful rape prosecutions, and to bring the laws into compliance with international law and international human rights standards."

Child Protection Information Sheets (pdf)

added 03/18/2009

"This booklet comprises 14 information sheets which highlight how child protection is crucial to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. Covering different forms of abuse, these sheets also outline how to build a protective environment for children and what UNICEF is doing on the ground to protect children."

Child Trafficking for Sexual Purposes Report (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

End Child Prostitution, Child Pornography and Trafficking of Children for Sexual Purposes (ECPAT International) released a report in November 2008 on the global problem of child sex trafficking. The report sums up progress countries have made since passing laws to combat child sex trafficking. Finally, the report highlights key lessons learned and discusses six recommendations to improve strategies and policies.

Coerced First Intercourse and Reproductive Health Among Adolescent Women in Rakai, Uganda

added 01/20/2005
Michael A. Koenig, Iryna Zablotska, Tom Lutalo, Fred Nalugoda, Jennifer Wagman and Ron Gray

This paper addresses linkages between coerced first sex and selected reproductive health behaviors and outcomes in a sample of 575 sexually experienced adolescent women in rural Uganda.

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

added 03/27/1997

The Human Rights Reports cover internationally recognized individual, civil, political, and worker rights, as set forth in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international agreements. The U.S. Department of State submits reports on all countries receiving assistance and all United Nations member states to the U.S. Congress in accordance with the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and the Trade Act of 1974.

Debunking the Myths in the US Global AIDS Strategy: An Evidence Based Analysis (pdf)

added 06/28/2004

This evidence based research document criticizes assumptions that American global strategies on AIDS stand on and describes how such assumptions harm women and girls.

Diamonds: Stories of Women in The Asia-Pacific Network of People Living with HIV (pdf)

added 04/30/2010

"Diamonds is a compilation of the personal narratives of ten women and one girl who are HIV-positive in the Asia Pacific region. The publication is accompanied by a documentary that focuses on four of these stories."

Other formats: html

Domestic Violence Against Women in Albania (pdf)

added 09/30/2009

"This qualitative report examines the prevalence of domestic violence in Albania, including forms of domestic violence and complicating factors."

Don't Turn Your Back On Girls: Sexual Violence Against Girls In Haiti (pdf)

added 02/25/2009

A comprehensive report on sexual violence against girls in Haiti released by Amnesty International in late November of 2008. Over half of the 105 rapes reported in Haiti by the end of November were committed against girls under the age of 18, according to one of the few organizations in the country which collect rape statistics. The report includes findings on rape as a political weapon, the role of discrimination and poverty, and the state’s response.

Eliminating Violence against Children (pdf)

added 03/13/2009
Inter-Parliamentary Union and UNICEF

"Jointly produced by UNICEF and the Inter-Parliamentary Union, this handbook describes measures parliamentarians can take to end violence against children: they can legislate, oversee government activities, allocate financial resources and, as leaders in their nations and communities, raise awareness of issues."

Ending Violence Against Women

added 06/11/2008
Lori Heise, Mary Ellsberg and Megan Gottemoeller, Series L, Number 11, in Population Reports (December 1999)

"Highlights the 2 most prevalent types of abuse in the lives of women and girls around the world: intimate partner violence and rape. Demonstrates how world-wide gender-based violence is a major public health concern, suggesting strategies to respond."

Ending Violence Against Women: Programming for Prevention, Protection and Care (pdf)

added 06/08/2010

"This handbook, intended primarily for development practitioners, provides practical points to consider when designing and implementing projects addressing violence against women. It is a collection of good practices drawn from ten case studies."

Envisioning a Regional Curriculum: Working with Boys and Men for Gender-based Violence Prevention (pdf)

added 05/13/2011
Partners for Prevention

This consultation brought together 21 participants from 11 countries in East and Southeast Asia and the Pacific. The overall objective was to discuss a coordinated regional approach to capacity development for the region with the following goals:
-Explore the body of knowledge and training materials on masculinity, gender and violence prevention
-Discuss an outline of an adaptable training curriculum to be used for subsequent capacity development activities in the region
-Define a regional approach to training /capacity development and outline next steps

European Parliament Report on Female Genital Mutilation in the European Union (pdf)

added 03/11/2009
European Parliament’s Women’s Rights Committee

"This new report found that over 500,000 women in Europe, especially refugees and immigrants, have been subjected to female genital mutilation (FGM). The report highlights various reasons for the prevalence of FGM and incorporates different frameworks for addressing the problem, including the human rights perspective, a women’s rights view, and children’s rights."

Exploring the Association Between HIV and Violence: Young People's Experiences with Infidelity, Violence and Forced Sex in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

added 01/20/2005
Heidi Lary, Suzanne Maman, Maligo Katebalila, Ann McCauley and Jessie Mbwambo

This paper examines the relationship between HIV and sexual coercion in Tanzania.

Facts about Violence: U.S. Statistics & Global

added 06/11/2008
Feminist.com (Updated 2007)

"The article lists 45 facts about violence against women in the U.S. and globally along with their sources."

Facts: Sexual Violence for the World Report on Violence and Health

added 06/11/2008
World Health Organization (WHO) (2002)

"Pulls from selected national studies to describe the global epidemic of sexual violence: The Extent of the Problem; The Consequences of Sexual Violence; What are the Risk Factors for Sexual Violence?; What Can be Done to Prevent Sexual Violence? "

Female Genital Cutting FAQ

added 07/30/2009

Compiled by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, this page offers answers to frequently asked questions on female genital cutting, the origin of its practices, current laws, and links to finding more information on the topic.

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: A statistical exploration

added 06/11/2008
The United Nations Children's Fund (November 2005)

"This publication analyzes available statistics on female genital mutilation/cutting, with the aim of improving understanding of related issues in the wider context of gender equality and social change."

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: Data and Trends (pdf)

added 02/20/2009

The Population Reference Bureau estimates that between 100 and 140 million girls and women worldwide have undergone female genital mutilation (FGM) and more than 3 million girls are at risk for cutting each year on the African continent alone. Global and national efforts to end FGM and cutting have supported legislation targeting excisors, medical professionals, and families who perpetuate the practice, but political will and implementation remain an issue.

Five Years On: No Justice for Sexual Violence in Darfur

added 06/11/2008
Human Rights Watch (April 2008)

"Drawing on various data sources, this report covers: Sexual Violence in Darfur in 2007-08; Government's Response; International Response; and Sudan's Obligation to Prevent, Investigate and Punish Sexual Violence."

Gender Approaches in Conflict and Post-Conflict Situations (pdf)

added 03/25/2003

This manual aims to increase effectiveness of humanitarian and recovery interventions through integration of a gender perspective in conflict and post-conflict situations. It includes a chart to depict different levels of possible gender violence dimensions along the timeline of pre-conflict and post-conflict.

Girls Count: A Global Investment & Action Agenda (pdf)

added 04/07/2010
Ruth Levine, Cynthia Lloyd, Margaret Greene, and Caren Grown, Center for Global Development

"This report describes why and how to initiate effective investments that will give adolescent girls in developing countries a full and equal chance for rewarding lives and livelihoods."

Global Consultation on Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (pdf)

added 08/29/2009

A report on the prevalence of female genital mutilation (FGM) and analyzes shifting global patterns of FGM and methods used to eliminate its occurrence. The report also illustrates the effects of FGM on maternal and infant health and notes law enforcement and non-profit agency efforts to combat FGM.

Global Perspectives on Sexual Violence: Findings from the World Report on Violence and Health (pdf)

added 06/16/2005
National Sexual Violence Resource Center

This document is a summary of findings specific to sexual violence included in the World Report on Violence and Health (released in 2002 by the World Health Organization). The document seeks to offer a glimpse of the "serious global public health problem" that is sexual violence as well as promising practices and opportunities for those working to end sexual violence.

Guatemala’s Femicide Law: Progress Against Impunity? (pdf)

added 08/29/2009

This report places femicide within a particular historical, cultural and socio-political context describing the 36-year internal conflict that resulted in rape, torture and murder of tens of thousands of Guatemalan women and girls. Although the government has made some progress in implementing some aspects of the Law Against Femicide, the report also points out that the lack of understanding of the law, continued social unrest, poor media portrayal, and inadequate efforts to implement the law stand in the way of serious progress. The report concludes with recommendations for the government including improving investigation and prosecution of crimes of violence against women, and protection of the victims of violence and their children.

Guidelines for Medico-Legal Care for Victim of Sexual Violence (pdf)

added 09/30/2004

These guidelines are designed for healthcare workers to provide comprehensive care for medical, psychological and forensic needs of survivors of sexual assault. The guidelines are currently being pilot tested in various countries.

Haiti: After the Earthquake: Initial Mission Findings, March 2010 (pdf)

added 03/31/2010

Amnesty International created this brief to draw attention of the Haitian government and the international community supporting Haiti, regarding the prevention of and response to sexual violence against women and girls.

Handbook for legislation on violence against women (pdf)

added 09/30/2009

Based on the work of an expert group meeting in Vienna, United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs developed a Handbook for Legislation on Violence against Women. This Handbook intends to provide all stakeholders with detailed guidance to support the adoption and effective implementation of legislation which prevents violence against women, punishes perpetrators, and ensures the rights of survivors everywhere.

Handbook for legislation on violence against women (Russian) (pdf)

added 11/01/2009

"A Russian translation of the 2009 Handbook for legislation on violence against women, a report of the expert group meeting organized by the United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. The group studied different legislative approaches to violence against women and developed this handbook for legislation based upon best practices and lessons learned. The handbook also includes commentary on legislation on violence against women in a number of countries."

HIV Vulnerabilities of Migrant Women: from Asia to the Arab States: Shifting from Silence, Stigma and Shame to Safe Mobility with Dignity, Equity and Justice (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

This report focuses on female migrant workers from Bangladesh, Pakistan, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka, who worked in the host countries of Bahrain, Lebanon, and the United Arab Emirates. Researchers' key findings concluded that female migrant workers are vulnerable to HIV during all stages of employment abroad. They face sexual assault, sexual exploitation and being trafficked into the commercial sex industry while applying for or being recruited into employment, or during transit between home countries and host countries. Home countries' policies can also contribute to the problem as banning women from working abroad serves to push worker migration underground.

Human Rights Watch World Report 2010 (pdf)

added 07/28/2010

"This 20th annual World Report summarizes human rights conditions in more than 90 countries and territories worldwide. It reflects extensive investigative work undertaken in 2009 by Human Rights Watch staff, usually in close partnership with human rights activists in the country in question."

Human Rights Watch: Reports on Violence Against Women

added 11/02/2000

Lists a series of articles from around the world focusing on issues of violence against women.

I Have No Joy, No Peace of Mind: Medical, Psychosocial, and Socio-Economic Consequences of Sexual Violence in East DRC (pdf)

added 08/31/2005
Medicin Sans Frontieres

This report aims to bring attention to medical, psychosocial and socio-economic consequences of sexual violence in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. The report is based on medical data and testimonies collected in MSF's work in Eastern DRC.

Insecurity and Indignity: Women's experiences in the slums of Nairobi, Kenya (pdf)

added 08/11/2010

"A report documenting women’s experiences living in Kenyan slums. It states that women and girls in Nairobi's slums live under the constant threat of sexual violence. Violence against women is rarely prosecuted, creating a hostile living environment for women and girls. Amnesty urges the Kenyan government to address gendered violence and guarantee safe access to water and sanitation."

Integrating gender into HIV/AIDS programmes in the health sector (pdf)

added 05/01/2010
WHO

"This tool helps programme managers and health-care providers in the public and private sectors integrate gender into HIV/AIDS programmes they wish to set up, implement and evaluate so they are more responsive to women's needs."

Just Die Quietly: Domestic Violence and Women's Vulnerability to HIV in Uganda (pdf)

added 10/01/2003

The accounts in this report reveal that Ugandan women are becoming infected with HIV, and will eventually die of AIDS, because the state is failing to protect them from domestic violence. The report informs us that HIV/AIDS programs focusing on fidelity, abstinence, and condom use do not account for the ways in which domestic violence inhibits women's control over sexual matters in marriage. The report urges the Ugandan government to enact domestic violence legislation, and to make women's health, physical integrity, and equal rights in marriage a central focus of AIDS programming.

Kenyan Laws and Harmful Customs Curtail Women’s Equal Enjoyment of ICESCR Rights (pdf)

added 02/25/2009
Federation of Women Lawyers - Kenya (FIDA-Kenya) and the International Women’s Human Rights Clinic, Georgetown University Law Center

"The Federation of Women Lawyers Kenya (FIDA Kenya) and the International Women’s Human Rights Clinic (IWHRC) at Georgetown University released this report as a supplement to Kenya’s latest periodic report under the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR). The report finds that Kenyan laws and practices prevent women from attaining economic, social and cultural Rights."

Make it Matter: 10 Key Advocacy Messages to Prevent HIV in Girls and Young Women (pdf)

added 04/16/2010
IPPF, UNFPA, Young Positives, Global Coalition on Women & AIDS

"The aim of this guide is to equip its users with key messages, evidence and actions that can be used to advocate effectively to prevent HIV in girls and young women. It focuses on three goals as a response to the epidemic: improving the accessibility of sexual and reproductive health services for girls and young women; expanding socio-economic opportunities; and ending child marriage."

Male Ordered: The Mail-Order Bride Industry and Trafficking in Women for Sexual and Labour Exploitation (pdf)

added 05/15/2009

"This report provides extensive research of the mail-order bride industry in the United Kingdom. The industry is linked to the promotion of trafficking, prostitution, pornography and slavery. The report suggests that this industry not only exploits vulnerable groups of women but also reinforces racial and ethnic stereotypes. Recommendations are given on what the government can do to further protect women."

Must Boys Be Boys? Ending Sexual Exploitation & Abuse in UN Peacekeeping Missions (pdf)

added 11/18/2005
Refugees International

This report argues that a hyper-masculine culture has evolved within UN peacekeeping missions that breeds a tolerance for such extreme behaviors. The report calls on the UN to insure that the necessary funding and resources are made available to fully address the problem.

No One to Turn To: The Under-Reporting of Child Sexual Exploitation and Abuse by Aid Workers and Peacekeepers (pdf)

added 09/21/2010

No One to Turn To seeks to move the debate on and reinvigorate efforts to address the problem of the under-reporting of child sexual exploitation and abuse by aid workers and peacekeepers. Based on research with communities and international organizations, it examines the chronic under-reporting of abuse and the inadequate response to it. It provides new analysis on why this abuse persists despite international efforts to stop it, and proposes new solutions to tackle it.
Also available in French

Partnering With Men To End Gender-Based Violence: Practices that work from Eastern Europe and Central Asia (pdf)

added 04/14/2010

"This report documents good practices in preventing and responding to gender-based violence. The five case studies featured within document initiatives in Armenia, Romania,Turkey and the Ukraine that were implemented by governments and other partners with the support of UNFPA. Although the reports focus on initiatives in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, the practices and lessons learned can be applied throughout the globe."

Platform for Action: Towards the Abandonment of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) (pdf)

added 04/07/2009
The Donors Working Group on Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting, UNIFEM

This Platform for Action summarizes the key elements on the programmatic approach to support the abandonment of the FGM/C practice and make a major difference for girls and women worldwide.

Preventing violence and reducing its impact: How development agencies can help (pdf)

added 09/09/2009

This document makes the case for increased attention on the impact of violence on development by international development agencies. A key aim is to stimulate dialogue on the role of international development agencies in the prevention of violence globally, and ultimately to increase investment in a commonly agreed set of applied violence prevention strategies. The primary audience for this document is policy-makers, high-level planners, and others in the international development field.

Prevention is for Life HIV/AIDS: Dispatches from the Field (pdf)

added 06/08/2010

"This advocacy booklet uses real-life examples to explain how HIV prevention can save lives in diverse cultural and geographical settings. It includes chapters on youth and HIV, condom programming, protecting women and girls, linking HIV prevention with other sexual and reproductive health care, and empowering populations who are at particular risk."

Profiting from abuse: An investigation into the sexual exploitation of children (pdf)

added 07/07/2008
UNICEF

"Highlights ways children are sexually exploited around the world, factors contributing to this exploitation, and responses various states, communities, organizations, and individuals have taken to respond to/prevent/decrease child sexual exploitation."

Programming to Address Violence against Women (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

"This is the second volume in a series that focuses on prevention and response tools for violence against women. The publication features eight case studies that highlight initiatives that have proven successful in combating violence against women: Algeria, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe. The UNFPA hopes to support current efforts in the eight case study countries and encourage other countries to take steps toward ending violence against women."

Progress of the World's Women 2000

added 04/07/2009

UNIFEM's first issue in the biennial investigation of progress made towards a world where women live free from violence, poverty and inequality. Topics covered include women's economic security and rights, engendering governance and leadership and promoting women's human rights.

Promoting Gender Equality in HIV and AIDS Responses: Making Aid More Effective Through Tracking Results (pdf)

added 12/17/2009
UNIFEM with the assistance of the European Union

"This document presents key findings of the consultation held in May 2008 to identify and promote approaches in national development planning, implementation and budgeting that bring real results in empowering women and reducing HIV and AIDS among women and girls. It highlights the need for a framework that links structural, social and individual determinants of gender inequality as well as presents opportunities to strengthen the focus on intersections between HIV, violence against women, and sexual and reproductive health access and rights. This publication includes a multimedia resource CD, available below for download."

Prosecuting Conflict-Related Sexual Violence at the International Criminal Court (pdf)

added 11/11/2009

"The report assesses the effectiveness of the International Criminal Court (ICC) in reducing acts of sexual violence in armed conflict. The report explores whether the existence of the ICC acts as a deterrent for gender-based violence in conflict situations, and whether perpetrators of sexual violence can be brought to justice under provisions of the Rome Statute specifically addressing gender violence. The report also offers recommendations for improving the ICC’s ability to actually and symbolically reduce violence against women by characterizing gender-based violence in conflict situations as an international war crime."

Prostitution of Children and Child-Sex Tourism: An Analysis of Domestic and International Responses (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Eva J. Klain, JD, of the American Bar Association Center on Children and the Law

"This paper addresses both domestic and international responses to the prostitution of children within the United States and abroad. The author highlights policy and practice issues regarding the legal system and social-service responses to prostituted children."

Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Migrants (pdf)

added 08/15/2009
Jorge Bustamante

The author points out that female children are extremely vulnerable to gender-based violence during migration. Migration is often difficult and dangerous for female children due to “additional restrictions on travel” girls may face due to “male guardianships.” Female children are also vulnerable to human trafficking for sexual exploitation or forced labor during migration. The report concludes with recommendations for policy improvements on migration legislation.

Report on the Taliban's War Against Women

added 12/05/2001

Released November 17, 2001. Includes an Executive Summary, information on the Taliban's War Against Women; quotes by and about women in Afghanistan; and electronic resources on women in Afghanistan.

Reproductive Health in Refugee Situations: An Inter-Agency Field Manual

added 03/13/2003

The purpose of the Field Manual is to serve as a tool to facilitate discussion and decision-making in the planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of reproductive health (RH) interventions. Chapters in the manual include: sexual and gender based violence, reproductive health concerns, and legal information.

Scared at School: Sexual Violence against Girls in South African Schools

added 03/05/2003

This report documents school-based sexual violence in South Africa; reviews school and state responses to sexual violence; explains the discriminatory impact on girls' education rights when the government does not respond adequately and effectively to gender-based violence; and sets forth recommendations to rectify these problems.

Security Begins at Home (pdf)

added 02/25/2009

The Kosova Women’s Network released the country’s first study on domestic violence, called Security Begins at Home. The report highlights key points such as: what the citizens of Kosovo perceive as domestic violence, the forms and consequences of domestic violence, citizens' response to ending it, and the legal and institutional gaps in addressing it.

Seeking Protection: Addressing Sexual and Domestic Violence in Tanzania's Refugee Camps

added 03/05/2003

This report documents how Burundian refugee women confront daily violence in Tanzanian refugee camps.

Sex work, violence and HIV - A guide for programmes with sex workers (pdf)

added 06/08/2010

"This guide discusses the challenges involved in ensuring that violence is addressed in HIV programmes, gives a detailed understanding of violence in relation to sex work and challenges some common assumptions. The guide also provides examples from real programmes that illustrate ways in which HIV and AIDS projects can help reduce the incidence of violence against sex workers and provide support to those who experience violence. "

Sexual Orientation and Human Rights in the Americas (pdf)

added 03/12/2004
Andrew Reding

This document highlights the human rights violations (institutional and individual) of sexual minorities in the Americas.

Sexual Violence and its Consequences among Displaced Persons in Darfur and Chad (pdf)

added 06/07/2005
Human Rights Watch

This briefing paper documents how the Sudanese security forces, including police deployed to protect displaced persons, and allied Janjaweed militias continue to commit rape and sexual violence on daily basis. Even as refugees in Chad, women and girls fleeing the violence in Darfur continued to face the risk of rape and assault by civilians or militia members when collecting water, fuel or animal fodder near the border.

Sexual Violence Research Initiative: Global Review of National Prevention Policies (pdf)

added 10/01/2012
Lizle Loots, Liz Dartnall and Rachel Jewkes for the Sexual Violence Research Initiative and the SouthAfrican Medical Research Council

In an effort to identify international best practice for rape prevention policies, the current review investigates available national rape prevention policies across the globe and examines to what extent they address rape prevention, and include strategies to prevent rape. At the conclusion of the review, the authors were able to include recommendations for policy makers and governments to take into consideration when designing national strategies.

Silence is Violence: End the Abuse of Women in Afghanistan (pdf)

added 07/29/2009

A new United Nations (UN) report on women in Afghanistan that focuses on the growing trend of violence and threats against women in public life and rape/sexual violence. The report concludes that these forms of violence are a huge occurrence in the everyday lives of Afghan women and the government has a crucial role in helping to eradicate these harmful practices towards women.

So Much to Fear: War Crimes and the Devastation of Somalia (pdf)

added 02/25/2009

A Human Rights Watch report on the human rights violations being committed in the ongoing conflict in Somalia. It studies the conflict since late 2006, when the Ethiopian National Defense Force (ENDF) came to the aid to Somalia’s Transitional Federal Government (TFG) to overthrow the Islamic Courts Union (ICU). The report also includes several recommendations to the parties, as well as the African and European Unions, and the United Nations.

South Asia in Action: Preventing and responding to child trafficking - Analysis of anti-trafficking initiatives in the region (pdf)

added 06/08/2010

"This publication presents a regional analysis of anti-trafficking measures relevant to children in the countries of South Asia. It assesses national legal and policy frameworks and provides a list of recommended actions for the application of a rights-based approach to child trafficking."

The Crushing Burden of Rape: Sexual Violence in Darfur (pdf)

added 10/30/2006
Doctors Without Borders

This report offers a glimpse into the ongoing violence against women in Darfur and includes statistics and short stories from survivors. It concludes by giving recommendations for stopping the rapes in Darfur and in the conflicts throughout the world.

The Impact of Conflict on Women and Girls in West and Central Africa and the UNICEF response (pdf)

added 03/13/2009

"This first-of-its-kind study by UNICEF on the situation of war-affected girls and women in the region highlights innovative programmes being implemented with partners to address the impact of conflict, and recommends how UNICEF can more proactively champion the rights of girls - particularly adolescent girls."

The Invisible Exodus: North Koreans in the People's Republic of China.

added 03/05/2003

This report presents a comprehensive overview of this human rights disaster, grounded in first-hand accounts of North Koreans who escaped to the South, and humanitarian workers who aided them and many less fortunate. It examines the complex and harrowing decision of migrants to leave, an illegal act often deemed tantamount to treason; the months and even years of hiding in China; the desperate circumstances that lead women to sell themselves as sexual companions; and the vulnerability these migrants have that open them to every and any abuse.

The Links Between Prostitution and SexTrafficking: A Briefing Handbook (pdf)

added 06/30/2006
Monica O’Connor and Grainne Healy

A handbook promoting preventative measures to combat trafficking in human beings for sexual exploitation; an international perspective.

The Role of Men and Boys in Achieving Gender Equality (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

A United Nations report that recognizes eliminating violence against women through the promotion of gender equality. The report outlines obstacles men and boys face in this struggle and identifies ways in which they can be involved in preventing violence against women.

The State of the World's Children 2009 Report

added 03/13/2009

"The State of the World's Children 2009 examines critical issues in maternal and newborn health, underscoring the need to establish a comprehensive continuum of care for mothers, newborns and children. The report outlines the latest paradigms in health programming and policies for mothers and newborns, and explores policies, programmes and partnerships aimed at improving maternal and neonatal health. Africa and Asia are a key focus for this report, which complements the previous year's issue on child survival."

The Uses And Impacts Of Medico-Legal Evidence In Sexual Assault Cases: A Global Review

added 06/11/2008
The Sexual Violence Research Initiative (2007)

"The review outlines the historical and contemporary medico-legal responses to sexual assault victims, broadly describing the professionals, protocols and procedures involved in the collection and processing of medico-legal evidence."

The War Within the War: Sexual Violence Against Women and Girls in Eastern Congo

added 03/05/2003

This report documents the frequent and sometimes systematic use of rape and other forms of sexual violence in the Rwandan-occupied areas of eastern Congo. This report focuses on crimes of sexual violence committed by soldiers and other combatants. But rape and other sexual crimes are not just carried out by armed factions but also increasingly by police and others in positions of authority and power, and by opportunistic common criminals and bandits, taking advantage of the prevailing climate of impunity and the culture of violence against women and girls.

The “Natasha” Trade: (pdf)

added 03/13/2003
Donna M. Hughes

This paper focuses primarily on the sending country of Ukraine, now the second largest country in Europe, and currently, one of the largest suppliers of women for prostitution. The scope of the problem of trafficking is discussed and the definition of the term trafficking is reviewed. The role of transnational crime networks in the trafficking of women is examined with a few illustrative cases. A section on the methods of recruitment and trafficking describes how women are recruited from their hometowns and transported to sex industries in other countries.

Third Milestones of a Global Campaign for Violence Prevention Report 2007 (pdf)

added 08/20/2007
World Health Organization

"By 2007, three of the six WHO regional committees had adopted violence prevention resolutions, more than 25 countries had developed reports and/or plans of action on violence and health, and more than 100 officially appointed health ministry focal persons were in place to prevent violence, the report finds.The report offers a five year agenda to follow-up on key recommendations."

Third Milestones of a Global Campaign for Violence Prevention Report 2007: Scaling Up

added 06/11/2008
World Health Organization (WHO) (2007)

"Reviews progress that has been made in violence prevention since October 2002 and sets out what the World Health Organization and its partners can do over the next 5 years to expand programming and to demonstrate the impact of violence prevention."

Together We Must! End Violence against Women and Girls and HIV & AIDS (pdf)

added 12/17/2009
Jacqui Patterson, with contributions from Nazneen Damji, Deborah McKinney, Neelanjana Mukhia, Everjoice Win and Jenny Drezin

"This document represents an initial effort to draw attention to the knowledge, institutional capacity and resources needed to comprehensively address the intersection between HIV & AIDS and VAWG. The aim is to stimulate debate and collaboration among practitioners and advocates around how to identify and promote effective prevention policies and practices that can be adapted to various contexts."

Trafficking and Forced Prostitution of Palestinian Women and Girls: Forms of Modern Day Slavery

added 12/17/2009
SAWA – All the Women Together Today and Tomorrow

"The first, in-depth study of its kind within the region that digs deeper to unravel the layers of this type of abuse. The paper analyzes six case studies — two on fathers selling their daughters, three on traffickers and one on a woman working in prostitution. It assesses and measures the extent of women trafficking in the Palestinian region in order to call on civil society organizations and Palestinian governmental institutions to take urgent and concrete actions against this human rights violation."

Other formats: pdf

Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation (pdf)

added 07/31/2008
Pan-American Health Organization (July 2001)

"This fact sheet provides a brief overview of sex trafficking of women and children in the Americas and explores the life-threatening health consequences of this type of human trafficking."

Trafficking in Persons Report 2009 (pdf)

added 06/23/2009

"The ninth annual report seeks to increase global awareness of the human trafficking phenomenon by shedding new light on various facets of the problem and highlighting shared and individual efforts of the international community, and to encourage foreign governments to take effective action against all forms of trafficking in persons."

Trafficking in Persons Report 2010 (pdf)

added 02/01/2011
US Department of State

"The 10th annual Trafficking in Persons Report outlines the continuing challenges across the globe, including in the United States. This year’s report highlights several key trends, including the suffering of women and children in involuntary domestic servitude, the challenges and successes in identifying and protecting victims, and the need to include anti-trafficking policies in our response to natural disasters."

Trafficking in Women: Moldova and Ukraine (pdf)

added 03/05/2003

This document explores the trafficking of women for the commercial sex industry as a human rights violation in both Moldova and Ukraine. The report analyzes the mechanisms of trafficking in both countries and the NGO and governmental response to the problem, including information on Moldovan and Ukrainian law. The report also addresses the obligations of the Moldovan and Ukrainian government under international law. 2000

Transforming the National AIDS Response: Advancing Women’s Leadership and Participation (pdf)

added 07/25/2010

"The second in a series of resource guides dedicated to highlighting strategies for incorporating gender equality and women’s rights into national HIV and AIDS responses. This publication discusses various approaches for advancing women’s leadership and meaningful participation of HIV-positive women in the AIDS response."

Trapped by Inequality: Bhutanese Refugee Women in Nepal

added 10/01/2003

Following investigations of sexual exploitation and abuse by aid workers in refugee camps in West Africa, several cases of sexual exploitation involving refugee aid workers surfaced in Nepal in October 2002. This report highlights not only the hardship of life in refugee camps, but also the injustice of gender-based violence and discrimination for Bhutanese refugee women in Nepal.

Other formats: pdf

Turning the Tide: CEDAW and the Gender Dimensions of HIV/AIDS Pandemic

added 03/25/2003
United Nations Development Fund for Women

This publication discusses different aspects of the HIV/AIDS pandemic for which CEDAW has special relevance. For example, gender-based violence and sexual exploitation, access to health services, gender inequality and safer sex, and issues of care and care-giving.

UN study on Violence Against Children

added 03/13/2009

"A press release on a new effort to provide a detailed global picture of the nature, extent and causes of violence against children, and propose clear recommendations for action to prevent and reduce such violence. The study focuses on violence against children in five settings: the home and family, schools and educational settings, other institutional settings (orphanages, children in conflict with the law), the community and on the streets, and work situations. "

UNIFEM Annual Report 2004/2005 (pdf)

added 08/23/2005
 

The Annual Report documents UNIFEM's work to foster women's empowerment and gender equality around the world. It highlights some of the organization's initiatives during the year 2004–2005, among which were initiatives in promoting women's political participation and leadership in post-conflict situations, easing the burden of HIV/AIDS on women, promoting women's right to own land, and supporting the creation and implementation of gender-responsive budgets.

UNiTE to End Violence against Women: The Framework for Action (pdf)

added 05/15/2009

"The overall objective is raising public awareness and increasing political will and resources for preventing and responding to all forms of violence against women and girls – in all parts of the world. The Framework for Action provides an overall “umbrella” for the efforts to be undertaken at global, regional, national and local levels. It identifies five key outcomes as benchmarks for the Campaign, to be achieved in all countries by 2015, and outlines a UN Programme of Activities and expected Outputs."

Violence Against Girls in Conflict with the Law

added 07/21/2009

This article documents the particular vulnerability to sexual abuse and rape of girls who come into contact with police and juvenile justice systems in various countries.

Violence Against Women in Vietnam (pdf)

added 04/06/2007

This report was prepared for the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW). The report draws attention to the lack of ways for the victims of violence obtain reparation and identify the mechanisms guaranteeing the impunity of torturers.

Violence against Women – Facts and Figures (pdf)

added 08/06/2008
United Nations Development Fund for Women (2007)

"This article provides facts and figures on violence against women to illustrate the devastating toll on women’s lives, on their families, and on society as a whole."

Violence against Women: Facts and Figures

added 06/11/2008
United Nations Development Fund for Women (2007)

"This article provides facts and figures on violence against women to illustrate the devastating toll on women's lives, on their families, and on society as a whole."

Violence in the EU Examined (pdf)

added 11/01/2009
University of Ljubljana

"A report published by the University of Ljubljana in Slovenia on good practices and general recommendations for domestic violence initiatives in the Czech Republic, Cyprus, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia. The project includes findings on sexual harassment, female genital mutilation, honor crimes, exploitation, trafficking, and other issues affecting women and children. A summary of the report’s general recommendations is also available."

Violence Prevention Alliance: Building Global Commitment for Violence Prevention (pdf)

added 10/19/2005
World Health Organization

Published by the World Health Organization, this policy paper sets out the conceptual framework, structure and goals that guide the Violence Prevention Alliance, of which CDC is a member. The paper is divided into two sections: Introducing the Violence Prevention Alliance, and Preventing violence before it occurs. The first section presents the basics of the Alliance, including the reasons behind its creation, the contribution of the health sector, and its scope, goals and working methods. The second section describes the global magnitude of interpersonal violence, discusses its known causes, risk factors and consequences, and presents theoretical tools to organize our understanding of interpersonal violence.

Waves of Violence: Women in Post-Tsunami Sri Lanka

added 05/30/2011
Dr Susan Rees, Dr Eileen Pittaway, and Linda Bartolomei

This paper describes a community based and developed program intended to support women and to reduce the incidence of sexual and gender based violence in post-tsunami Sri Lanka. Preliminary data from the project is used to highlight some of the needs of women, as well as the challenges in addressing gender-based violence and marginalization.

We'll Kill You If You Cry: Sexual Violence in Sierra Leone Conflict

added 03/05/2003

The report presents evidence of horrific abuses against women and girls in every region of Sierra Leone by the rebel Revolutionary United Front (RUF), as well as other rebel, government and international peacekeeping forces. The report is based on hundreds of interviews with victims, witnesses and officials, details crimes of sexual violence committed primarily by soldiers of various rebel forces —the RUF, the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC), and the West Side Boys. The report also examines sexual violence by government forces and militias, as well as international peacekeepers.

Other formats: pdf

WHO Ethical and Safety Recommendations for Researching, Documenting and Monitoring Sexual Violence in Emergencies (pdf)

added 05/17/2009

A supplement to existing ethical and safety guidelines for research and documentation involving human subjects. Recommendations addressing issues that arise in the context of research on sexual violence during emergencies are also provided.

WHO Multi-country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence – Country Findings: Brazil

added 07/13/2010

"This fact sheet provides information on the methods and main findings of the study, with regard to the phenomenon of intimate partner violence against women in Brazil. Data on sexual abuse and non-partner physical and sexual violence is also included."

With an End in Sight (pdf)

added 04/07/2009
Cheywa Spindel, Elisa Levy, Melissa Connor, UNIFEM

"With an End in Sight" narrates inspiring stories showing how groups of people are moving ahead and creating new ideas to combat violence against women. It provides knowledge, insight and hope of how violence against women can be eliminated with combined effort, compelling advocacy, and wide-reaching education.

Women and Health: Today’s Evidence, Tomorrow’s Agenda (pdf)

added 04/30/2010

"This report reviews evidence on the health issues that particularly affect girls and women throughout their life course. This report uses currently available data to draw attention to the consequences and costs of failing to address health issues at appropriate points in their lives."

Women and HIV/AIDS: Confronting the Crisis (pdf)

added 04/08/2009
Erb-Leoncavallo (UNFPA), Gillian Holmes (UNAIDS), Gloria Jacobs, Stephanie Urdang (UNIFEM), Joann Vanek, Micol Zarb (UNFPA)

"This report documents the latest information on the current HIV/AIDS pandemic, the devastating and often invisible impact of AIDS on women and girls and highlights the ways discrimination, poverty and gender-based violence help fuel the epidemic. Most importantly, the report targets the strategies to reverse the trends."

Women Building Peace and Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict-Affected Contexts: A Review of Community-Based Approaches (pdf)

added 04/22/2009
Annalise Moser, UNIFEM

This study was developed to inform programming and advocacy within the context of UNIFEM programming, and builds on country-level visits conducted in early 2007. The study looks at five areas of intervention: peacebuilding and conflict resolution initiatives, reconciliation mechanisms, increasing access to justice, access to support services, and conflict monitoring systems. These sections examine the barriers women face and highlights examples of women’s successful engagement in peacebuilding at the community level.

Women in Mongolia: Mapping Progress under Transition

added 04/07/2009
Nalini Burn, Oyuntsetseg Oidov, UNIFEM

This publication tells of Mongolian women's experiences in the context of the political and economic transformation of their country. It shares reports of women encouraged to bear many children, inadequate health care or resources, and high rates of maternal mortality. Recommendations informed through case studies are presented for improving their social and economic status and increasing their political participation.

Women's Human Rights: A Fact Sheet (pdf)

added 12/16/2003
Amnesty International

This factsheet outlines women's human rights violations and the obligation states have to protect those rights.

Workers in the Shadows: Abuse and Exploitation of Child Domestic Workers in Indonesia (pdf)

added 10/02/2009

"This report documents how hundreds of thousands of girls in Indonesia, some as young as 11, are employed as domestic workers in other people’s households, performing tasks such as cooking, cleaning, laundry, and child care. Most girls interviewed for the report worked 14 to 18 hours a day, seven days a week, with no day off. Almost all are grossly underpaid, and some get no salary at all. In the worst cases, girls reported being physically, psychologically, and sexually abused."

Working to End Violence Against Women in Brazil

added 07/13/2010

"This VAWnet special collection highlights and celebrates the tremendous work being done in Brazil to end violence against women. The selected materials and resources provide a snapshot of the magnitude of the problem and highlight various recommendations for public policy as well as opportunities for community involvement and action."

Working with Boys and Men for Gender Equality and Violence Prevention; Working Together Regionally: A South Asia Consultation (pdf)

added 05/13/2011

The consultation brought together participants from across South Asia and focused on three key objectives:
1. Deepen our understanding of gender, masculinities and gender-based violence in the South Asian context
2. Discuss an approach and process for working together regionally to engage boys and men in work towards gender equality and prevention of Gender-based Violence (GBV)
3. Reach agreement on next steps, roles and responsibilities for working together regionally.

Worldwide Sexual Assault Statistics

added 06/11/2008
George Mason University (2005)

"This fact sheet includes worldwide sexual assault statistics along with their resources. It also gives a more specific figure breakdown for each of the following: The United States, Africa, Russia, South Pacific, Canada, Europe, Asia, and South America."

You Will Be Punished: Attacks on Civilians in Eastern Congo

added 01/20/2010

"This report, which is based on interviews with victims, witnesses and family members, details violations of international humanitarian law in Eastern Congo by military forces, including the deaths of more than 1,400 citizens in 2009. Nearly 7,500 cases of sexual violence against women and girls in eastern Congo were also recorded by the UN between January and September 2009."

Zero Tolerance: Stop the Violence Against Women and Children, Stop HIV/AIDS (pdf)

added 08/22/2006
Global AIDS Alliance

Violence is linked to HIV. Women who have experienced violence may be up to three times more likely to acquire HIV. In addition to behavioral risk factors, there are direct consequences of unprotected forced or coerced sex, and this is compounded by global HIV/AIDS policies that fail to take seriously the realities facing women and girls. Fear of violence can prevent women from seeking VCT, disclosing their serostatus, and receiving treatment when it is needed.


Health/Medical profession

Building Academic Capacity and Expertise in the Health Effects of Violence and Abuse (pdf)

added 07/17/2008
Mitchell C, Block R, Christensen M, Ettinger, B, Ismailji T, Kelley S, McCollum D, Mouton C.

This report was created from the Proceedings from a Pre-Conference Symposium at the Family Violence Prevention Fund which offers a blueprint on advancing professional health education from a perspective on the health effects on violence and abuse.

Summary of Laws & Guidelines: Payment of Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations (pdf)

added 11/14/2012
AEquitas: The Prosecutors' Resource on Violence Against Women

This resource includes the laws and guidelines for each U.S. state and territory regarding sexual assault medical forensic examination (SAMFE) payment, as well as a number of charts summarizing the provisions. You can also download the 13 page summary HERE

'I am at the lowest end of all' : Rural women living with HIV face human rights abuses in South Africa

added 06/11/2008
Amnesty International (AI) (March 2008)

"This report provides an analysis of patterns of human rights abuses against women who are exposed to the risk of or are already living with HIV in rural contexts of widespread poverty and unemployment."

'I can't afford justice': Violence against women in Uganda continues unchecked and unpunished (pdf)

added 06/08/2010

An Amnesty International Report that documents obstacles to justice in cases of rape and sexual violence against women in Uganda. The report found that the society’s strong adherence to traditional values impedes the enforcement of progressive laws. The report concludes with legal policy recommendations to better meet the needs of victims.

15 Years of the United Nations Rapporteur on Violence against Women, Its Causes and Consequences (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

This report reviews the status of violence against women as researched in 14 annual reports, 32 country mission reports, and 11 communication reports published as recently as December 2008. The report focuses on reproductive health and rights, poverty, migration, internally displaced persons (IDPs), women refugees, trafficking, aging, and adolescent girls. It also highlights how the mandate on violence against women has changed, what has been learned, and problems still to be addressed.

A National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations (pdf)

added 10/30/2006
DOJ - Office on Violence Against Women

This protocol was developed with the input of national, local, and tribal experts throughout the country, including law enforcement representatives, prosecutors, advocates, medical personnel, forensic scientists and others, as a guide for criminal justice and health care practitioners who respond to victims of sexual assault. The protocol is intended to assist jurisdictions in developing a response that is sensitive to victims of sexual assault and promotes offender accountability.

A National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations Adults/Adolescents (2013) (pdf)

added 04/25/2013
U.S. Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women

The SAFE Protocol is a voluntary best practices guide to conducting sexual assault medical forensic examinations protocols. These suggested practices will promote high-quality, sensitive, and supportive exams for all victims of rape and sexual assault. This version was released in April, 2013.

A Novel, Intensive Home-Visiting Intervention for Runaway, Sexually Exploited Girls

added 11/01/2009
Laurel D. Edinburgh and Elizabeth M. Saewyc

"This study both describes a home-visiting intervention program for young, sexually assaulted runaways (10-14 years old) and provides preliminary outcomes from the first 20 female participants. Following the one-year intervention, teens' risk behaviors decreased, including truancy, runaway episodes, sexually transmitted infections and substance use."

Other formats: pdf

Absence of Anogenital Injury in the Adolescent/Adult Female Sexual Assault Patient (pdf)

added 11/06/2012
Jenifer Markowitz, ND, RN, WHNP-BC, SANE-A, DF-IAFN

This issue of Strategies In Brief from Aequitas offers a review of literature on sexual assault medical-forensic examinations. Its purpose is to discuss that an absence of anogenital injury in the sexually assaulted patient is relatively common. Other factors such as timing and age of patient have impacts on the presence of visible injuries as well.

Achieving Equity for Women: Policy Alternatives for the New Administration Symposium Report (pdf)

added 05/25/2010
Institute for Women’s Policy Research and Wellesley Centers for Women

"This report summarizes the policy research symposium convened by the Institute for Women’s Policy Research and the Wellesley Centers for Women, held in Washington, DC on April 2, 2009. The symposium highlighted four policy areas in which public policy can work to improve the status of women in the United States: women and economic recovery; retirement, social security and aging; quality early care and education; and women and health care reform."

Additional Scripts for Clinic Assessment (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

This document is created for healthcare professionals and provides a series of scripted questions and responses when working with victims of violence. The information is intended to help communicate all the information needed to give to a patient as well as responding to immediate safety issues and making referrals.

Addressing Gender-based Violence: UNFPA Strategy and Framework for Action (pdf)

added 03/11/2009

This report, grounded in UNFPA's overarching goal of eliminating violence against women and girls, identifies particular areas where action is most urgently needed and proposes general policy frameworks for combating gender-based violence.

Addressing the Intersection: Preventing Violence and Promoting Healthy Eating and Active Living (pdf)

added 06/07/2010

"This document provides an explanation of the inter-relationship between violence and healthy eating and activity. The findings and recommendations offered in this paper can support practitioners and advocates in their work to prevent chronic disease in communities heavily impacted by violence. "

Addressing Violence against Women and Girls in Sexual and Reproductive Health Services

added 11/12/2010
Bonnie L. Shepard

This article focuses on the integration of resources to address gender-based violence against women and girls into the existing health care services. The review of the literature aims to provide guidance to health sector program designers and managers in order to facilitate integration.

Advancing the Nation's Health: A Guide to Public Health Research Needs, 2006-2015 (pdf)

added 07/07/2008
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

"This guide is meant to serve as a critical resource for research areas that should be addressed during the next decade by CDC and its partners in response to current and future public health needs and events."

AIDS Accountability Scorecard on Women 2009 (pdf)

added 04/30/2010

"The first ever global scorecard analyzing country responses to the specific needs and vulnerabilities of women in the context of the AIDS epidemic. This independent assessment, developed through a comprehensive consultative process with global health experts and civil society representatives from across the world, evaluates data that all governments provide as part of the 2001 United Nations Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS."

An Impact Evaluation of a Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) Program (pdf)

added 06/14/2005
Crandall, Cameron S. & Helitzer, Deborah

This impact evaluation assesses the Albuquerque Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner services in the areas of healthcare, victim services, law enforcement, and prosecution. The evaluation compares the experiences of women who sought services at the University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center in the two years prior to the inception of the SANE program with those of women who sought services at the Albuquerque SANE Collaborative from its inception in October 1996 through to the end of 1999. The report concludes that the "data strongly suggest that a SANE unit greatly enhances the healthcare quality of women who have been sexuaIly assaulted, improves the quality of forensic evidence, improves law enforcement's ability to collect information and to file charges, and increases the likelihood of successful prosecution"

Assessing for Reproductive Coercion: Suggestions for Violence Screening in Reproductive Health Settings (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

Offers information to health care providers and counselors on the importance of screening for reproductive coercion. Also offers a framework for assessing and responding to sensitive reproductive information.

Breaking Through the Silence: Key Issues and Recommendations to Address HIV/AIDS Among AAs and NHPIs in the U.S. (pdf)

added 08/23/2010

This document aims to serve as a policy tool for health departments, community based organizations, community partners, and policy makers interested in the health of Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander communities.

Case Closed: Rape and Human Rights in the Nordic Countries Summary Report (pdf)

added 04/14/2010

"A report analyzing the legal framework for handling rape cases in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. The report recommends legislative changes for each country’s rape laws to increase the number of successful rape prosecutions, and to bring the laws into compliance with international law and international human rights standards."

Child Protection Information Sheets (pdf)

added 03/18/2009

"This booklet comprises 14 information sheets which highlight how child protection is crucial to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. Covering different forms of abuse, these sheets also outline how to build a protective environment for children and what UNICEF is doing on the ground to protect children."

Child Sexual Abuse and Subsequent Psychopathology: Results From the National Comorbidity Survey (pdf)

added 08/19/2008
Beth E. Molnar, ScD, Stephen L. Buka, ScD, and Ronald C. Kessler, PhD

"This study examines the relationship between child sexual abuse (CSA) and subsequent onset of psychiatric disorders, accounting for other childhood adversities, CSA type, and chronicity of the abuse."

Clinical Management of Survivor's of Rape: A Guide to the Development of Protocols for Use in Refugee and Internally Displaced Person Situations (pdf)

added 09/11/2003

This guide is intended for use by qualified health care providers in developing protocols for the management of rape survivors.

Coerced First Intercourse and Reproductive Health Among Adolescent Women in Rakai, Uganda

added 01/20/2005
Michael A. Koenig, Iryna Zablotska, Tom Lutalo, Fred Nalugoda, Jennifer Wagman and Ron Gray

This paper addresses linkages between coerced first sex and selected reproductive health behaviors and outcomes in a sample of 575 sexually experienced adolescent women in rural Uganda.

Culture Handbook for working with those who have experienced sexual or domestic violence (pdf)

added 10/29/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

"This handbook is designed to be used by advocates and professionals who work with those who are victims of domestic and sexual violence. It provides some basic information on how to understand culture and begin the process of challenging oneself to become more aware of the ways in which culture impacts our work and the lives of those who are victims."

Date Rape Drugs FAQ

added 07/30/2009

Compiled by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, this page offers answers to frequently asked questions on common date rape drugs, how to identify them and the effects of each. Also offers useful tips on how to protect yourself from being a victim, and what to do if you've been drugged.

Debunking the Myths in the US Global AIDS Strategy: An Evidence Based Analysis (pdf)

added 06/28/2004

This evidence based research document criticizes assumptions that American global strategies on AIDS stand on and describes how such assumptions harm women and girls.

Detecting, Addressing and Preventing Elder Abuse in Residential Care Facilities (pdf)

added 07/11/2010
Catherine Hawes and Anne-Marie Kimbell, National Criminal Justice Reference Service

"This study focused on detection, investigation, and resolution of elder abuse and neglect complaints in what are known as residential care facilities."

Diamonds: Stories of Women in The Asia-Pacific Network of People Living with HIV (pdf)

added 04/30/2010

"Diamonds is a compilation of the personal narratives of ten women and one girl who are HIV-positive in the Asia Pacific region. The publication is accompanied by a documentary that focuses on four of these stories."

Other formats: html

Did You Know Your Relationship Affects Your Health? (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

A tri-fold patient safety card which contains a checklist to assess safety, healthy/unhealthy relationships, and children's exposure to violence. The card also provides resources and information on how to get help.

Did You Know Your Relationship Affects Your Health? (Spanish) (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

A tri-fold patient safety card which contains a checklist to assess safety, healthy/unhealthy relationships, and children's exposure to violence. The card also provides resources and information on how to get help.

Domestic Violence Against Women and Girls

added 06/11/2008
UNICEF, Innocenti Research Centre (May 2000)

"Highlights issues of abuse; femicide; forced prostitution; sexual abuse of children; sex-selective abortion, female infanticide and differential access to food and medical care; and, traditional and cultural practices that affect women's health and lives."

Domestic Violence Against Women in Albania (pdf)

added 09/30/2009

"This qualitative report examines the prevalence of domestic violence in Albania, including forms of domestic violence and complicating factors."

Domestic Violence and Sexual Violence in Minnesota: Strategies for Prevention and Intervention (pdf)

added 12/05/2003
Minnesota Department of Health Injury and Violence Prevention Unit

This planning tool addresses the issue of domestic and sexual violence as they relate to health care and public health in Minnesota.

Dying of Sadness: Gender, Sexual Violence and the HIV Epidemic (pdf)

added 03/25/2003
Peter Gordon and Kate Graham

This paper aims to explore the relationship between sexual violence and the HIV epidemic. The paper explores this complex phehomenon with multiple determinants, consequences and manifestations.

Eliminating the Rape Kit Backlog

added 06/03/2010

"This special online collection provides information to help victim service professionals engage in a multi-disciplinary dialogue about the issues and challenges involved with addressing the backlog of untested rape kits."

Ending Violence Against Women

added 06/11/2008
Lori Heise, Mary Ellsberg and Megan Gottemoeller, Series L, Number 11, in Population Reports (December 1999)

"Highlights the 2 most prevalent types of abuse in the lives of women and girls around the world: intimate partner violence and rape. Demonstrates how world-wide gender-based violence is a major public health concern, suggesting strategies to respond."

Engaging Boys and Men in Gender Transformation: The Group Education Manual (pdf)

added 04/03/2010

"This manual offers trainers an array of participatory experiential exercises to reach men (and their partners), exploring gender socialization and its impact on HIV prevention and care. Piloted in Ethiopia, Namibia, South Africa and Tanzania, the manual is designed to assist trainers in developing curricula to work with men and boys on gender, HIV and AIDS issues."

Evaluating Children’s Advocacy Centers’ Response to Child Sexual Abuse (pdf)

added 09/12/2008
Theodore P. Cross, Lisa M. Jones, Wendy A. Walsh, Monique Simone, David J. Kolko, Joyce Szczepanski, Tonya Lippert, Karen Davison, Arthur Cryns, Polly Sosnowski, Amy Shadoin, and Suzanne Magnuson

"With funding from OJJDP, researchers have now completed a four-site evaluation of CACs that, for the first time, contrasts them with comparison communities that did not have a CAC. This Bulletin presents an overview of the results. It examines how CACs affect forensic interviewing, child victim disclosures about abuse, children’s receipt of medical exams and mental health services, prosecution and conviction of offenders, removal of children from their homes, and family satisfaction with child abuse investigations."

Evaluating the Work of Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) Programs in the Criminal Justice System: A Toolkit for Practitioners (pdf)

added 03/12/2013
Rebecca Campbell, Ph.D., Megan Greeson, M.A., Nidal Karim, Ph.D., Jessica Shaw, M.A., Stephanie Townsend, Ph.D.

The goal of this Toolkit is to assist SANE program staff in evaluating how their program affects the prosecution of sexual assault cases in their community. The focus of the Toolkit is the impact of SANE programs on the progression of sexual assault cases through the criminal justice system, meaning how many cases make it how far through the system. The Toolkit will walk you through six basic steps of evaluation.

Exploring the Association Between HIV and Violence: Young People's Experiences with Infidelity, Violence and Forced Sex in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

added 01/20/2005
Heidi Lary, Suzanne Maman, Maligo Katebalila, Ann McCauley and Jessie Mbwambo

This paper examines the relationship between HIV and sexual coercion in Tanzania.

Factors Associated With Women’s Risk of Rape in the Military Environment (pdf)

added 11/13/2009
Anne G. Sadler, Brenda M. Booth, Brian L. Cook and Bradley N. Doebbeling

"This study assessed military environmental factors associated with rape occurring during military service, while controlling for pre-military trauma experiences. The goal of this exploratory study was to describe characteristics of rape victims and perpetrators and to attempt to identify workplace environmental factors associated with rape occurring during military service."

Family Planning: A Global Handbook for Providers (pdf)

added 04/16/2010
World Health Organization, USAID, Johns Hopkins University

This handbook is developed through worldwide collaboration and provides evidence-based guidance to all levels of health care workers. It offers clinic-based health care professionals in developing countries the latest guidance on providing with the full range of contraceptive methods.

Family Violence Nursing Curriculum

added 08/04/2004
Marlene Jezierski, Maura Lynch, Margaret Dexheimer Pharris, Judi Sateren

While nurses must be able to respond skillfully to victims of all types of violence, responding to victims of family violence requires sensitivity rooted in understanding how it differs from other types of violence. The content of this curriculum, which grew out of the 1999 American Association of Colleges of Nursing competencies, was developed in response to those findings to provide Minnesota nursing faculty essential curricular information to develop student competence in preventing, assessing, and responding to family violence across the lifespan.

Other formats: plaintext • pdf

Family Violence: An Intervention Model for Dental Professionals (pdf)

added 07/21/2006
Kristin Littel

Efforts to strengthen responses by health care professionals to family violence have increased dramatically in recent years. As a result, more health care providers are able to recognize the signs of abuse and assist patients who are victims. However, dental professionals appear to be the least likely of all clinicians to suspect and intervene in family violence, even though injuries to the head and neck are present in 60 percent or more of abuse cases. Although they may see abuse-related injuries during patient visits, dental professionals typically have not been trained to recognize the causes of these injuries or how to offer intervention and referrals to patients. This bulletin describes a training model that teaches dental professionals how to recognize symptoms and patterns of abuse, create a safe environment for disclosure, intervene appropriately, refer patients to appropriate services, and file mandatory reports. The bulletin also underscores the importance of including dental professionals in community efforts to coordinate response to family violence.

Female Genital Cutting FAQ

added 07/30/2009

Compiled by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, this page offers answers to frequently asked questions on female genital cutting, the origin of its practices, current laws, and links to finding more information on the topic.

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: A statistical exploration

added 06/11/2008
The United Nations Children's Fund (November 2005)

"This publication analyzes available statistics on female genital mutilation/cutting, with the aim of improving understanding of related issues in the wider context of gender equality and social change."

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: Data and Trends (pdf)

added 02/20/2009

The Population Reference Bureau estimates that between 100 and 140 million girls and women worldwide have undergone female genital mutilation (FGM) and more than 3 million girls are at risk for cutting each year on the African continent alone. Global and national efforts to end FGM and cutting have supported legislation targeting excisors, medical professionals, and families who perpetuate the practice, but political will and implementation remain an issue.

Female Genital Mutilation: Integrating the Prevention and the Management of Health Complications into the Curricula of Nursing and Midwifery (Student's Manual) (pdf)

added 10/12/2004

This student manual is part of a set of training materials which has been prepared by the World Health Organization to facilitate training of health professionals on female genital mutilations.

Female Genital Mutilation: Integrating the Prevention and the Management of Health Complications into the Curricula of Nursing and Midwifery. (Teacher's Guide) (pdf)

added 10/12/2004

This teacher's guide is part of a set of training materials prepared by the World Health Organization to facilitate training of health professionals on female genital mutilation.

Forensic Evidence Collection and Care of the Sexual Assault Survivor: The SANE-SART Response

added 08/02/2001
Linda E. Ledray, RN, Ph.D, LP, FAAN

This Violence Against Women Online Resources commissioned document outlines the components of a coordinated Sexual Assault Response Team (SART) model and illustrates the techniques and implementation strategies that should be utilized when gathering forensic evidence post sexual assualt.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Global Consultation on Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (pdf)

added 08/29/2009

A report on the prevalence of female genital mutilation (FGM) and analyzes shifting global patterns of FGM and methods used to eliminate its occurrence. The report also illustrates the effects of FGM on maternal and infant health and notes law enforcement and non-profit agency efforts to combat FGM.

Global Perspectives on Sexual Violence: Findings from the World Report on Violence and Health (pdf)

added 06/16/2005
National Sexual Violence Resource Center

This document is a summary of findings specific to sexual violence included in the World Report on Violence and Health (released in 2002 by the World Health Organization). The document seeks to offer a glimpse of the "serious global public health problem" that is sexual violence as well as promising practices and opportunities for those working to end sexual violence.

Guidelines for Medico-Legal Care for Victim of Sexual Violence (pdf)

added 09/30/2004

These guidelines are designed for healthcare workers to provide comprehensive care for medical, psychological and forensic needs of survivors of sexual assault. The guidelines are currently being pilot tested in various countries.

Handbook on Sensitive Practice for Health Care Practitioners: Lessons from Adult Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse

added 09/22/2004
Candice Schachter, Carol Stalker, Eli Teram, Gerri C. Lasiuk, Alanna Danilkewich

This handbook is designed to help health professionals address the health care needs of adult female survivors of childhood sexual abuse. It provides background information about childhood sexual abuse and its effects on survivors. It also introduces the principles of sensitive practice and provides practical suggestions that health professionals can incorporate into their clinical practice.

Health and Sexual Violence Online Resource Collection

added 03/26/2012

This collection from the National Sexual Violence Resource Center (NSVRC) provides information on the short- and long-term impacts on health, information for healthcare professionals in various fields, and information on training professionals in the prevention and intervention of sexual violence with their patients. Examples of topic areas include, advocating to support health; impact of sexual violence on health; sexual assault forensic examiners; and working with specific populations.

Healthcare Issues and Survivors of Sexual Violence

added 12/17/2010

This bulletin speaks to the long-term consequences of sexual assault and the importance of the advocacy role that medical providers must take on when working with survivors of sexual violence.

HIV Vulnerabilities of Migrant Women: from Asia to the Arab States: Shifting from Silence, Stigma and Shame to Safe Mobility with Dignity, Equity and Justice (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

This report focuses on female migrant workers from Bangladesh, Pakistan, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka, who worked in the host countries of Bahrain, Lebanon, and the United Arab Emirates. Researchers' key findings concluded that female migrant workers are vulnerable to HIV during all stages of employment abroad. They face sexual assault, sexual exploitation and being trafficked into the commercial sex industry while applying for or being recruited into employment, or during transit between home countries and host countries. Home countries' policies can also contribute to the problem as banning women from working abroad serves to push worker migration underground.

How To Integrate Assessment for Violence and Reproductive Coercion Into Clinical Practice (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

A resource for healthcare providers which outlines points to train staff working with victims of violence and reproductive coercion.

I Have No Joy, No Peace of Mind: Medical, Psychosocial, and Socio-Economic Consequences of Sexual Violence in East DRC (pdf)

added 08/31/2005
Medicin Sans Frontieres

This report aims to bring attention to medical, psychosocial and socio-economic consequences of sexual violence in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. The report is based on medical data and testimonies collected in MSF's work in Eastern DRC.

Implementation of a Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) Practitioner Evaluation Toolkit (pdf)

added 03/12/2013
Rebecca Campbell, Ph.D., Stephanie Townsend, Ph.D., Deborah Bybee, Ph.D., Jessica L. Shaw, M.A., Jenifer Markowitz, N.D., R.N.

This report is an implementation evaluation of the Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) Practitioner Evaluation Toolkit, whose purpose is to teach program staff how to evaluate whether prosecution rates for sexual assault cases in their communities have increased due to the implementation of the SANE program.

In Their Own Words: Trauma survivors and professionals they trust tell what hurts, what helps, and what is needed for trauma services (pdf)

added 04/07/2011
Ann Jennings, Ph.D and Ruth O. Ralph, Ph.D.

The purpose of this report is to capture and publish information from an exhaustive needs assessment process conducted over a period of nine months. In Their Own Words is the work of over 200 courageous women and men in the State of Maine who have dared to hope that the truth and wisdom of their experience will be heard by those in power, and that Maine’s mental health and human service systems will respond to the long ignored plight of children and adults traumatized by histories of interpersonal violence.

Insecurity and Indignity: Women's experiences in the slums of Nairobi, Kenya (pdf)

added 08/11/2010

"A report documenting women’s experiences living in Kenyan slums. It states that women and girls in Nairobi's slums live under the constant threat of sexual violence. Violence against women is rarely prosecuted, creating a hostile living environment for women and girls. Amnesty urges the Kenyan government to address gendered violence and guarantee safe access to water and sanitation."

Integrating gender into HIV/AIDS programmes in the health sector (pdf)

added 05/01/2010
WHO

"This tool helps programme managers and health-care providers in the public and private sectors integrate gender into HIV/AIDS programmes they wish to set up, implement and evaluate so they are more responsive to women's needs."

Intimate or Childhood Sexual Abuse and Obesity in Kentucky

added 11/04/2008
Ann L. Coker, PhD, MPH; Corrine Williams, ScD; James E. Ferguson, II, MD; Heather M. Bush, PhD; Yasmin Parrish; Leslie Crofford, MD

This study concluded that sexual abuse, whether experienced as an adult or child, was associated with a 32% increase in obesity among 4,391 women in Kentucky. The study also found that intimate partner violence and obesity are common health threats for women. The authors suggest that efforts to prevent physical and sexual abuse and mental health consequences of abuse on victims can have implications to improve women's health.

Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Violence Victimization Assessment Instruments for Use in Healthcare Settings, Version 1.0

added 06/11/2008
Kathleen C. Basile, Marci Hertz, and Sudie Black, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (2007)

"This compilation includes existing tools for assessing intimate partner violence (IPV) and sexual violence (SV) victimization in clinical/healthcare settings. The purpose of this compilation is to provide practitioners and clinicians with the most current inventory of assessment tools for determining IPV and/or SV victimization and to inform decisions about which instruments are most appropriate for use with a given population. This document will aid in the selection of assessment instruments to identify victims requiring additional services. This can help practitioners make appropriate referrals for both victims and perpetrators. "

It Takes 2: Partnering with Men in Reproductive and Sexual Health (pdf)

added 06/08/2010

"This publication offers guidance on effective and gender-sensitive ways to engage men in the reproductive and sexual health of themselves and their partners. It includes examples of successful strategies and programming as well as lessons learned."

It's All One Curriculum: Guidelines and Activities For A Unified Approach to Sexuality, Gender, HIV, and Human Rights Education (pdf)

added 06/03/2010

"This guide provides information on developing gender literate sexuality education designed for policymakers, curriculum developers, and educators in order to develop sexuality/HIV education materials that also teach critical thinking about gender norms and roles. "
Link to Guidelines
Link to Activities

Justice Denied: The experiences of 100 torture surviving women of seeking justice and rehabilitation (pdf)

added 01/20/2010

"This report analyzed the experiences of 100 women from 24 countries who settled in the United Kingdom after surviving torture. The report stated that almost all of the women studied had experienced at least one incident of rape or sexual assault. The vast majority were unable to find help when they sought redress and could not access legal aid or the necessary healthcare. "

Kenyan Laws and Harmful Customs Curtail Women’s Equal Enjoyment of ICESCR Rights (pdf)

added 02/25/2009
Federation of Women Lawyers - Kenya (FIDA-Kenya) and the International Women’s Human Rights Clinic, Georgetown University Law Center

"The Federation of Women Lawyers Kenya (FIDA Kenya) and the International Women’s Human Rights Clinic (IWHRC) at Georgetown University released this report as a supplement to Kenya’s latest periodic report under the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR). The report finds that Kenyan laws and practices prevent women from attaining economic, social and cultural Rights."

Knowledge for Health

added 08/24/2007

Knowledge for Health (K4Health) works to improve access to and sharing of global, regional, and country-specific public health knowledge, particularly about family planning and reproductive health (FP/RH).

Legal Tools for Survivors of Sexual Assault

added 03/25/2011
Claire Harwell, J.D.

This article addresses legal issues that might be helpful to survivors of sexual assault and their loved ones. The goal is to provide useful information on available options to aid in the process of recovery from trauma.

Make it Matter: 10 Key Advocacy Messages to Prevent HIV in Girls and Young Women (pdf)

added 04/16/2010
IPPF, UNFPA, Young Positives, Global Coalition on Women & AIDS

"The aim of this guide is to equip its users with key messages, evidence and actions that can be used to advocate effectively to prevent HIV in girls and young women. It focuses on three goals as a response to the epidemic: improving the accessibility of sexual and reproductive health services for girls and young women; expanding socio-economic opportunities; and ending child marriage."

Making Sense of DNA Backlogs — Myths vs. Reality (pdf)

added 06/25/2010
National Institute of Justice

A special report that addresses the question of why backlogs of DNA evidence awaiting testing persist even after the federal government has provided hundreds of millions of dollars to eliminate them. The report provides an understanding of what a backlog is and how backlogs can be reduced.

Making Sense of Rape In America: Where Do the Numbers Come From and What Do They Mean? (pdf)

added 03/21/2005
Dean G. Kilpatrick, Ph.D. and Kenneth J. Ruggiero, Ph.D.

This paper assists public policy officials, health care professionals, and other pertinent professionals in understanding how rape in America is measured, what the numbers mean, and the limitations of existing research.

Male Reproductive Control of Women Who Have Experienced Intimate Partner Violence in the United States (pdf)

added 05/18/2010
Ann M. Moore, Lori Frohwirth, and Elizabeth Miller

"A study conducted through in-depth interviews with 71 women aged 18-49 who had a history of intimate partner violence. Findings include male reproductive control which encompasses pregnancy-promoting behaviors as well as control and abuse during pregnancy in an attempt to influence the pregnancy outcome. Recommendations include assessing for male reproductive control among women seeking reproductive health services, including antenatal care, so that health care providers may be able to provide education, care, and counseling to help women protect their reproductive health and physical safety."

Medical Forensic Sexual Assault Examinations: What Are They, and What Can They Tell the Courts?

added 11/25/2013

This training includes the following topics: The need for specialized health care professionals to treat sexual assault victims; How SANEs are trained and their role as neutral healthcare providers; The components of a medical forensic sexual assault examination and the types of information it can yield; The role of suspect examinations in evidence collection; How to evaluate SANEs’ qualifications to present expert witness testimony; The legally permissible scope of SANE testimony; Recommendations for judges and others.

Mental Health Consequences of Sexual Violence in Detention (pdf)

added 03/27/2010

"This two page fact sheet talks about the devastating consequences of sexual violence in detention and the extreme challenges that survivors may face."

Mobilizing Religious Communities to Respond to Gender-based Violence and HIV: A Training Manual (pdf)

added 04/14/2010

The first in a series of two manuals aimed at raising awareness and educating religious leaders and communities about gender-based violence. The training manual equips religious communities with tools to deepen their awareness and understanding of gender-based violence and its link to HIV and proposes faith-based activities on the subject.

National Prison Rape Elimination Commission Report (pdf)

added 09/18/2009
National Prison Rape Elimination Commission

"This report discusses the National Prison Rape Elimination Commission's nine findings on sexual abuse in correctional facilities as well as policies and practices that must be mandatory in remedying these problems; recommendations address what leaders in government outside the corrections profession can do to support solutions."

Not Part of My Sentence: Violations of Human Rights of Women in Custody

added 11/12/2002

This document, produced as part of the USA campaign, gives details of the human rights abuses suffered by women in custody for breaking criminal laws. These abuses include the use of restaints, poor health provison, sexual abuse by prison staff and the isolation of women held in high security units.

On the Road to Equality: Statewide Findings & Policy Recommendations (pdf)

added 05/25/2010

"A supplement to the Status of Girls in Minnesota report by the Women’s Foundation of Minnesota in partnership with the Institute for Women’s Policy Research. Focus groups were conducted in 18 Minnesota communities that included African American, Latino, Native American, Asian American, LBT (Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender), and disabilities communities — to share key research findings and gain community input. This report captures the voices and policy recommendations of these communities, nonprofit and public leaders."

Physical Dating Violence Among High School Students - United States, 2003

added 06/19/2006

A surveillance report in brief of physical dating violence among high school students and selected characteristics.

Platform for Action: Towards the Abandonment of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) (pdf)

added 04/07/2009
The Donors Working Group on Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting, UNIFEM

This Platform for Action summarizes the key elements on the programmatic approach to support the abandonment of the FGM/C practice and make a major difference for girls and women worldwide.

Predictable, Preventable: Best Practices for Addressing Interpersonal and Self-Directed Violence During and After Disasters (pdf)

added 06/01/2012
Canadian Red Cross & the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

This report highlights why and how interpersonal and self-directed violence during and after disasters is a predictable and preventable problem and the actions the International Federation and its partner agencies should take to have a more engaged role in addressing the problem. Canadian Red Cross & the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

Preliminary Adaptations for Working with Traumatized Latino/Hispanic Children and Their Families (pdf)

added 11/30/2010

The Culture and Trauma Briefs series serves to support the NCTSN commitment to raising the standard of care for traumatized children, their families, and their communities by highlighting the diversity of needs and experiences of those children, families, and communities.
This report was developed through information gathered via a preliminary focus group of bilingual/bicultural therapists at a children's hospital in California to address the needs of diverse Latino populations seeking care.

Preventing and Responding to Domestic & Sexual Violence in Later Life

added 07/11/2010
Minnesota Center Against Violence and Abuse(MINCAVA), National Sexual Violence Resource Center (NSVRC), and National Resource Center on Domestic Violence (NRCDV)

"This special collection brings together selected materials related to preventing and responding to elder abuse, specifically domestic and sexual violence. It highlights the complexities of older people's DV/SV experiences and emphasizes collaborative and multi-pronged approaches to addressing DV/SV in later life."

Preventing Pregnancy from Sexual Assault: Four Action Strategies to Improve Hospital Policies on Provision of Emergency Contraception (pdf)

added 04/21/2010
National Sexual Violence Resource Center, Education Fund of Family Planning Advocates of NYS and Clara Bell Duval Reproductive Freedom Project of the ACLU of Pennsylvania

"This toolkit provides facts about emergency contraception for rape survivors, tools and strategies to assess the need for increased access, and four strategies to increase access. The four strategies discussed are legislation, administrative efforts, litigation and voluntary efforts. Samples, survivor stories and additional resources are also included."

Preventing violence and reducing its impact: How development agencies can help (pdf)

added 09/09/2009

This document makes the case for increased attention on the impact of violence on development by international development agencies. A key aim is to stimulate dialogue on the role of international development agencies in the prevention of violence globally, and ultimately to increase investment in a commonly agreed set of applied violence prevention strategies. The primary audience for this document is policy-makers, high-level planners, and others in the international development field.

Programming to Address Violence against Women (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

"This is the second volume in a series that focuses on prevention and response tools for violence against women. The publication features eight case studies that highlight initiatives that have proven successful in combating violence against women: Algeria, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe. The UNFPA hopes to support current efforts in the eight case study countries and encourage other countries to take steps toward ending violence against women."

Promoting Gender Equality in HIV and AIDS Responses: Making Aid More Effective Through Tracking Results (pdf)

added 12/17/2009
UNIFEM with the assistance of the European Union

"This document presents key findings of the consultation held in May 2008 to identify and promote approaches in national development planning, implementation and budgeting that bring real results in empowering women and reducing HIV and AIDS among women and girls. It highlights the need for a framework that links structural, social and individual determinants of gender inequality as well as presents opportunities to strengthen the focus on intersections between HIV, violence against women, and sexual and reproductive health access and rights. This publication includes a multimedia resource CD, available below for download."

Rapid Assessment Tool for Sexual & Reproductive Health and HIV Linkages (pdf)

added 04/14/2010
IPPF, UNFPA, WHO, UNAIDS, GNP+, ICW, Young Positives

This adaptable tool can be used to assess linkages betweeen HIV and sexual and reproductive health at the policy, systems and service-delivery levels. It is intended also to identify gaps and ultimately to contribute to the development of country-specific action plans to forge and strengthen these linkages.

Recommendations to State Medical Boards for Improving the Management of Physician

added 05/20/2000
 

A Report created in May 1995 by the Consultation Group on Physician Sexual Misconduct for the Minnesota Board of Medical Practice.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Reproductive Health for Communities in Crisis (pdf)

added 03/13/2003

This document illustrates that communities that face natural disaster, war and internal conflicts are likely to experience violence against women and reproductive health challenges. The document explores how to address sexual violence, HIV/AIDS, reproductive health, and how to maintain safety in prolonged crisis.
This document is also available in French and Spanish

Reproductive Health in Refugee Situations: An Inter-Agency Field Manual

added 03/13/2003

The purpose of the Field Manual is to serve as a tool to facilitate discussion and decision-making in the planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of reproductive health (RH) interventions. Chapters in the manual include: sexual and gender based violence, reproductive health concerns, and legal information.

Reproductive Health of Urban American Indian and Alaska Native Women: Examining Unintended Pregnancy, Contraception, Sexual History and Behavior, and Non-Voluntary Sexual Intercourse (pdf)

added 07/06/2010

"This study provides a national picture of reproductive health and sexual violence for American Indian and Alaska Native women living in urban areas. Findings show American Indian and Alaska Native women living in urban areas were more likely than non-Hispanic whites to report non-voluntary first sexual intercourse, unintended and teen pregnancies, unprotected first sex and first sex with older partners."

Researching Violence Against Women: A Practical Guide for Researchers and Activists

added 06/19/2006

An in depth look at the issue of violence against women as a health issue and suggests tools for using research and developing data assessing this issue.

San Diego County Sexual Assault Response Team Standards of Practice (pdf)

added 08/07/2009
San Diego Sexual Assault Response Team

"This manual provides extensive standards of practice for members of interdisciplinary sexual assault response teams. "

Screening for Sexual Violence: Gaps in Research and Recommendations for Change (pdf)

added 07/07/2008
Lynne Stevens with contributions from Barbara Sheaffer

"This Applied Research paper provides a review of the current literature on screening women for sexual violence in health care facilities, and discusses the reasoning and rationale behind screening women for sexual violence."

Other formats: html

Self Assessment Form for Forensic Compliance (word)

added 03/05/2010

A self-assessment tool for communities to evaluate their current practices with respect to medical forensic examinations.

Sex work, violence and HIV - A guide for programmes with sex workers (pdf)

added 06/08/2010

"This guide discusses the challenges involved in ensuring that violence is addressed in HIV programmes, gives a detailed understanding of violence in relation to sex work and challenges some common assumptions. The guide also provides examples from real programmes that illustrate ways in which HIV and AIDS projects can help reduce the incidence of violence against sex workers and provide support to those who experience violence. "

Sexual Abuse in Detention is a Public Health Issue (pdf)

added 03/27/2010

"This 2 page fact sheet talks about prisoner rape victims being highly vulnerable to contracting HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases."

Sexual Abuse in Later Life (pdf)

added 07/11/2010
Bonnie Brandl and Holly Ramsey Klawsnik

"This article addresses sexual assault in later life and specifically focuses on victimization of elders that occurs in the context of intimate partner violence, incest, and care facilities."

Sexual and reproductive health of women living with HIV/AIDS: Guidelines on care, treatment and support for women living with HIV/AIDS and their children in resource-constrained settings (pdf)

added 06/08/2010
UNFPA, WHO

"This publication addresses the specific sexual and reproductive health needs of women living with HIV/AIDS and contains recommendations for counseling, anti-retroviral therapy, care and other interventions."

Sexual Assault and the Body (pdf)

added 07/21/2009

This article explores the multifaceted effects of sexual assault on the victim’s body through articles on such diverse topics as negative self image, impaired sexual function, compulsive weightlifting and dental fear.

Sexual Intercourse Among Adolescents Maltreated Before Age 12: A Prospective Investigation (pdf)

added 11/01/2009
Maureen M. Black, PhD, Sarah E. Oberlander, PhD, Terri Lewis, PhD, Elizabeth D. Knight, MSW, Adam J. Zolotor, MD, MPH, Alan J. Litrownik, PhD, Richard Thompson, PhD, Howard Dubowitz, MS, MD, Diana E. English, PhD

"This study found that maltreatment (regardless of type) predicts sexual intercourse by 14 and 16. Emotional distress explains the relationship by 14. By 16, other factors likely contribute to intercourse. Maltreated children are at risk for early initiation of sexual intercourse and sexually active adolescents should be evaluated for possible maltreatment."

Sexual Violence Against Women: Impact on High-Risk Health Behaviors and Reproductive Health

added 06/24/2009
Sandra L. Martin and Rebecca J. Macy with contributions from Janice A. Mirabassi

"This Applied Research paper provides a brief overview of research on the impact of sexual violence on females' high-risk health behaviors and reproductive health, focusing on studies of sexual assault or rape experienced primarily during adulthood."

Sexual Violence and Health: Research Brief (pdf)

added 11/07/2012

This research brief analyzes research articles on the relationship between sexual violence, physical health, and mental health. The research articles, published between 2001 and 2010, demonstrate that lifetime sexual victimization is correlated with physical health problems, mental health problems and high-risk behaviors. Negative health outcomes of sexual assault afflict all sexes, stemming from both childhood and adult sexual traumas. This research brief can help stakeholders, including sexual assault advocates and health care providers, understand the ways that sexual victimization can trigger or exacerbate physical and mental health conditions.

Sexual Violence and HIV: A Technical Assistance Guide for Victim Service Providers

added 06/11/2008
National Sexual Violence Resource Center (2008)

"This guide provides information on the prevalence of sexual violence and HIV, types of available HIV testing and treatment, benefits and risks of such testing and treatment."

Sexual Violence Data Brief: 1999 to 2001 (pdf)

added 12/05/2003
Minnesota Department of Health

This data brief outlines the hospital care in Minnesota due to sexual violence, patient demographics, patient injuries, charges, costs and payers, and perpetrators.

Sexual Violence in the Lives of African American Women (pdf)

added 07/07/2008
Carolyn M. West, in consultation with Kalimah Johnson

"This paper synthesizes information on African American female victim/survivors. It addresses historical context, survivor traits, risk factors, health consequences, culturally sensitive responses, and resilience of survivors."

Sexual Violence: Fact Sheet (pdf)

added 07/07/2008
National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

"Highlights findings from various studies on sexual assault and rape. The data reviewed indicates that a vast majority of all rapes were committed by known assailants, with many sexual assaults perpetrated by friends, acquaintances and intimate partners."

Shattered Hearts: The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of American Indian Women and Girls in Minnesota (pdf)

added 10/18/2009

A groundbreaking report released by the Minnesota Indian Women’s Resource Center (MIWRC) highlights the alarming and pervasive sex trafficking of American Indian women and girls in Minnesota. The first comprehensive report of its kind, it highlights risk factors for victims that include poverty, a disproportionate number of American Indian homeless, high incidences of overall sexual assault, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and pervasive multi-generational trauma.

Shattered Lives: Immediate medical care for victims of sexual violence (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

A recently released report depicting the experiences of victims of sexual violence, as well as those who provide immediate care to victims. The report focuses on the individual stories of those who have been sexually assaulted, and those who provide medical, counseling, and other types of support services to victims. Through these stories,the organization hopes to convey the importance of making emergency medical and other services immediately and readily accessible to victims.

State of World Population 2009 Facing a Changing World: Women, Population and Climate (pdf)

added 01/27/2010

"The report shows that improving the health and education of women and girls sparks economic development, reduces poverty and slows population growth – three key ways to minimize the effects of climate change."

Status of Girls in Minnesota

added 05/25/2010
Women’s Foundation of Minnesota and the Institute for Women’s Policy Research

"This 2008 report provides detailed information on the status of girls in Minnesota. It also serves as a tool for advocates, researchers, and policy makers in developing a set of interventions that will ensure girls’ economic, social, and political equality in the state. "

Sustainability 101: Creating A Business Plan For Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners (pdf)

added 11/13/2009
Elise J. Turner, MSN, CNM, SANE-A, NSVRC

This guide reviews the basic steps of developing a business plan and explains the components needed for SANE services to be successful. It is identified as a critical tool for starting and sustaining existing healthcare services.

Sustainability 101: Fostering Collaboration Between SANE Program Coordinators and Medical Directors (pdf)

added 11/13/2009
Jamie Ferrell , Dr. Sally Henin Awad, Jenifer Markowitz, NSVRC

In addition to collaboration between Sexual Assault Response Teams (SARTs), community partners and other agencies, this document talks about the importance of collaboration between SANEs and physician colleagues to assist with the credibility and sustainability of a SANE Program.

Sustainability 101: Long Range Thinking for Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner Program Managers (pdf)

added 12/18/2009
Jenifer Markowitz

"The first in a series of bulletins related to Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) program sustainability, this publication provides information gathered from the NSVRC SANE Sustainability Technical Assistance Project. It discusses six key areas related to sustainability: investing in people, understanding budgeting, reframing education, mentoring future leaders, creating strategic alliances and program evaluation."

Swallowing the Hurt: Exploring the Links Between Anorexia, Bulimia and Violence Against Women and Girls

added 09/09/2003
Shelley Moore, with the assistance of Kelly D'Aoust, Donna Robertson, Christina Savage and Yasmin Jiwani

This report examines the links between eating disorders and violence against women and girls. It is based on information gathered from published literature as well as consultations with community workers, health practitioners, and mental health professionals. “Swallowing the Hurt” has been designed for use by frontline workers, health care and social service professionals, educators, and researchers who offer services directly for or who may interact with women and girls experiencing eating disorders or violence.

Testing Justice The Rape Kit Backlog in Los Angeles City and County (pdf)

added 05/15/2009

"A March 2009 report from Human Rights Watch revealed that 12,669 rape kits containing DNA and other evidence of rapes remain untested in the city and county of Los Angeles, California. The report highlights the nature and scope of the backlog, consequences of untested kits, and responses from professionals."

The "Battering Syndrome": Prevalence and Clinical Characteristics of Domestic Violence in Primary Care Internal Medicine Practices

added 08/18/2008
Jeanne McCauley, MD; David E. Kern, MD, MPH; Ken Kolodner, ScD; Laurie Dill, MD; Arthur F. Schroeder, MD; Hallie K. DeChant, MD; Janice Ryden, MD; Eric B. Bass, MD, MPH; and Len R. Derogatis, PhD

The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of domestic violence among female patients and to identify clinical characteristics that are associated with current domestic violence.

The Availability and Utility of Interdisciplinary Data on Elder Abuse: A White Paper for the National Center on Elder Abuse (pdf)

added 08/01/2006

This new study commissioned by NCEA highlights data sources on elder abuse in the health care, long term care, criminal justice, fiduciary, and legal services arenas, beyond adult protective services data. Such data are required as a basis for informed and enlightened social policy on the prevention and treatment of elder abuse.

The Effectiveness of Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) Programs

added 10/01/2005
Rebecca Campbell, Ph.D.

This VAWnet document provides a brief summary of the structure and functions of SANE programs as they currently exist in the United States and presents the current research on the effectiveness of SANE programs in three areas: 1) providing care in an empowering setting that addresses survivors’ emotional and medical needs 2) improving the quality of forensic evidence collection relative to the methods traditionally used in hospital emergency departments 3) increasing prosecution rates in their community, due to the meticulous documenting of injuries and physical evidence.

The Facts on Reproductive Health and Violence Against Women (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

This fact sheet provides information and statistics on teen and adult unintended pregnancies, contraception use, sexually transmitted infections, and violence during pregnancy.

The Health Impacts on Adult Women of Childhood Sexual Violence Before the Age of Twelve Years

added 07/13/1999
Karen Hughes, Heather Stephens, Amy Difranco, Linda Manning, Natalie van der Torrn, Cathy North & Miriam Taylor

This is a 1998 report by seven authors of Ipswich, Queensland, Australia. The authors describe the health consequences in adulthood that often emerge as a consequence of childhood sexual violence. High rates of depression and dissociation resulted, as well as a low rate of school completion. The experiences of women when they sought help are described.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

The Impact of Armed Conflict on Women and Girls (pdf)

added 03/14/2003

This report of a consultative meeting is intended to contribute to the United Nations study on the Impact of Armed Conflict on Women and Girls, requested by the United Nations Security Council. This report reflects the purpose of the meeting which was twofold: first, to examine and explore the impact of armed conflict on women and girls; and, second, to formulate strategies and tools to ensure that reproductive health programmes accurately reflect this population’s needs, specifically by addressing them through a comprehensive, gendersensitive approach.

The Impact of Conflict on Women and Girls in West and Central Africa and the UNICEF response (pdf)

added 03/13/2009

"This first-of-its-kind study by UNICEF on the situation of war-affected girls and women in the region highlights innovative programmes being implemented with partners to address the impact of conflict, and recommends how UNICEF can more proactively champion the rights of girls - particularly adolescent girls."

The Multiple Faces of the Intersections between HIV and Violence Against Women (pdf)

added 02/20/2009
Development Connections, UNIFEM, Pan American Health Organization, Inter-American Commission of Women and the Latin American and Caribbean Women’s Health Network

"The report compiles various articles that describe the intersection of and links between violence against women and the increasing number of HIV/AIDS transmissions among women. The publishers hope to prompt discussion and efforts focused on creating integrated policies and programs that address violence against women and HIV."

The Promise of Primary Prevention of Sexual Violence: Five Year Plan (pdf)

added 03/03/2010

"This report is a framework for action and it reflects the thoughts and experiences of people who work to prevent sexual violence, who serve victims/survivors and/or work with perpetrators. It is a shared vision of how Minnesota can prevent sexual violence from happening. The report defines issues, sets goals, and establishes the infrastructure needed to achieve these goals."

The Role of the Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner in the Prosecution of Domestic Violence Cases (pdf)

added 02/19/2010
Jenifer Markowitz, ND

"This document examines the basic components of the domestic violence medico-legal examination; the potential for using findings from the medico-legal examination in prosecutions; and the role of the prosecutor and other Sexual Assault Response Team (SART) members in expanding forensic nursing programs to include care of the domestic violence victim."

The State of the World's Children 2009 Report

added 03/13/2009

"The State of the World's Children 2009 examines critical issues in maternal and newborn health, underscoring the need to establish a comprehensive continuum of care for mothers, newborns and children. The report outlines the latest paradigms in health programming and policies for mothers and newborns, and explores policies, programmes and partnerships aimed at improving maternal and neonatal health. Africa and Asia are a key focus for this report, which complements the previous year's issue on child survival."

The Uses And Impacts Of Medico-Legal Evidence In Sexual Assault Cases: A Global Review

added 06/11/2008
The Sexual Violence Research Initiative (2007)

"The review outlines the historical and contemporary medico-legal responses to sexual assault victims, broadly describing the professionals, protocols and procedures involved in the collection and processing of medico-legal evidence."

Third Milestones of a Global Campaign for Violence Prevention Report 2007 (pdf)

added 08/20/2007
World Health Organization

"By 2007, three of the six WHO regional committees had adopted violence prevention resolutions, more than 25 countries had developed reports and/or plans of action on violence and health, and more than 100 officially appointed health ministry focal persons were in place to prevent violence, the report finds.The report offers a five year agenda to follow-up on key recommendations."

Tips for Social Workers, Counselors, Health Workers, Teachers, Clergy and Others Helping Victims of Rape, Domestic Violence, and Child Abuse

added 10/29/2002

This is a good introduction to advocacy concepts used when working with victims of intimate violence, rape and child abuse. It is designed for use both as a workshop outline and as a guide for direct interactions with individual clients.

Together We Must! End Violence against Women and Girls and HIV & AIDS (pdf)

added 12/17/2009
Jacqui Patterson, with contributions from Nazneen Damji, Deborah McKinney, Neelanjana Mukhia, Everjoice Win and Jenny Drezin

"This document represents an initial effort to draw attention to the knowledge, institutional capacity and resources needed to comprehensively address the intersection between HIV & AIDS and VAWG. The aim is to stimulate debate and collaboration among practitioners and advocates around how to identify and promote effective prevention policies and practices that can be adapted to various contexts."

Tools for Change: An Introduction to the Primary Prevention of Sexual Assault (pdf)

added 10/18/2009
Morgan J Curtis and Tim Love, Texas Association Against Sexual Assault

"This document will introduce readers to primary prevention and to the concepts, terms and models that comprise this approach. It will explore the movement’s history for lessons learned and talk about how the work of preventing sexual violence connects directly and indirectly to the work that each of us in the movement does. Finally, it will help you talk the talk. We will explore the public health model and associated terminology so that you can use it if you need it (e.g., when talking with funders), but it will not be a main focus."

Tools for Service Providers Working with Victims of Gender-Based Violence (pdf)

added 09/11/2003

This document provides tools to improve the quality of health care services for assisting survivors of sexual violence.

Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation (pdf)

added 07/31/2008
Pan-American Health Organization (July 2001)

"This fact sheet provides a brief overview of sex trafficking of women and children in the Americas and explores the life-threatening health consequences of this type of human trafficking."

Training Bulletin: Does it violate a patient’s privacy rights when a health care provider calls out a victim advocate? (pdf)

added 01/23/2013

Health care professionals and others have asked whether routine notification of advocates violates the privacy protections outlined in HIPAA (the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996). This bulletin seeks to respond to this important question with the input of experts, legal information and recommendations.

Trainings to Integrate Sexual and Domestic Violence Screening into Family Planning Settings: Key Components for Success

added 04/21/2011
Jill Clark, MPH and Beth Nagy, MPH

This article describes how a self-assessment of maternal and child health programs in a state health department led to a statewide training initiative on domestic violence, sexual assault, and reproductive coercion for family planning providers. Key training concepts, lessons learned, and future directions are discussed.

Transforming the National AIDS Response: Advancing Women’s Leadership and Participation (pdf)

added 07/25/2010

"The second in a series of resource guides dedicated to highlighting strategies for incorporating gender equality and women’s rights into national HIV and AIDS responses. This publication discusses various approaches for advancing women’s leadership and meaningful participation of HIV-positive women in the AIDS response."

Turning the Tide: CEDAW and the Gender Dimensions of HIV/AIDS Pandemic

added 03/25/2003
United Nations Development Fund for Women

This publication discusses different aspects of the HIV/AIDS pandemic for which CEDAW has special relevance. For example, gender-based violence and sexual exploitation, access to health services, gender inequality and safer sex, and issues of care and care-giving.

UN study on Violence Against Children

added 03/13/2009

"A press release on a new effort to provide a detailed global picture of the nature, extent and causes of violence against children, and propose clear recommendations for action to prevent and reduce such violence. The study focuses on violence against children in five settings: the home and family, schools and educational settings, other institutional settings (orphanages, children in conflict with the law), the community and on the streets, and work situations. "

Understanding DNA Evidence: A Guide for Victim Service Providers

added 08/07/2009
Kathryn M.Turman

"Forensic DNA technology is revolutionizing the way law enforcement officers investigate violent crimes, including crime scene investigation, counseling rape victims to not wash away critical evidence, accurate conviction of offenders, and connecting offenders to other brutal crimes. This 12-page document examines the uses of DNA, evidence collection and preservation, testing methods and interpretation of test results and post conviction for DNA testing. A glossary of terms and a reference / resource list are also included. "

Violence & HIV/AIDS: Violence Against Women and Girls as a Cause and Consequence of HIV/AIDS (pdf)

added 01/18/2011
Shirley Kohsin Wang

This report examines the relationship between gender violence and women’s vulnerability to HIV/AIDS. According to the report, women are disproportionately affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. They are 1.6 times more likely to contract the virus than men. The report states that violence against women is both a cause and consequence of women living with AIDS.

Violence against Women – Facts and Figures (pdf)

added 08/06/2008
United Nations Development Fund for Women (2007)

"This article provides facts and figures on violence against women to illustrate the devastating toll on women’s lives, on their families, and on society as a whole."

Violence Against Women: Impact on Sexual and Reproductive Health (pdf)

added 09/10/2003
Lori Heise & Mary Ellsberg

This paper addresses the dimensions and origins of sexual violence and the outcomes related to reproductive health.

Violence in Families: Assessing Prevention and Treatment Programs

added 08/01/2006
Rosemary Chalk and Patricia A. King, Eds.

This is a full-text online book made available courtesy of The National Academies Press. This important book, published in 1998, details out chapter by chapter the different types of interventions to be utilized by different types of professionals, as well as makes recommendations.

Violence in the Lives of Persons who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing

added 06/14/2009
National Resource Center on Domestic Violence in consultation with Gretchen Waech and the National Cross-Systems Advocacy Network

"This Special Collection offers information regarding the experiences and needs of individuals who are Deaf or hard of hearing and victims/survivors of domestic and/or sexual violence. The collection seeks to increase knowledge and understanding of deaf culture, provide resources to assist professionals working directly with deaf individuals, and highlight best practices."

Violence Prevention Alliance: Building Global Commitment for Violence Prevention (pdf)

added 10/19/2005
World Health Organization

Published by the World Health Organization, this policy paper sets out the conceptual framework, structure and goals that guide the Violence Prevention Alliance, of which CDC is a member. The paper is divided into two sections: Introducing the Violence Prevention Alliance, and Preventing violence before it occurs. The first section presents the basics of the Alliance, including the reasons behind its creation, the contribution of the health sector, and its scope, goals and working methods. The second section describes the global magnitude of interpersonal violence, discusses its known causes, risk factors and consequences, and presents theoretical tools to organize our understanding of interpersonal violence.

Violence, Pregnancy and Abortion: Issues of Women's Rights and Public Health (pdf)

added 09/09/2003
Maria de Bruyn

The second edition of this monograph reviews worldwide data on the the relationship between violence, pregnancy and abortion and suggests measures different sectors of society can take to reduce the suffering of women and girls, and to ensure their basic human right to be free from violence.

Virginia's Healthcare Response to Sexual Assault: Guidelines for the Acute Care of Adult and Post-Pubertal Adolescent Sexual Assault Patients

added 07/11/2010
Virginia Sexual and Domestic Violence Action Alliance and the Virginia Chapter of the International Association of Forensic Nurses

This document provides detailed guidelines and tools to guide the integrated response to sexual assault by health care providers, law enforcement professionals, victim advocates, and others. The document is not intended to be state-specific therefore it provides an excellent model for other states to replicate.

Visibility Through Data: Health Information for Urban American Indian and Alaska Native Communities (pdf)

added 07/06/2010

"This report summarizes information for providers working toward improving the health and well-being of urban American Indian and Alaska Native communities and is a resource that highlights specific health issues facing this population. "

WHO Ethical and Safety Recommendations for Researching, Documenting and Monitoring Sexual Violence in Emergencies (pdf)

added 05/17/2009

A supplement to existing ethical and safety guidelines for research and documentation involving human subjects. Recommendations addressing issues that arise in the context of research on sexual violence during emergencies are also provided.

WHO Multi-country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence – Country Findings: Brazil

added 07/13/2010

"This fact sheet provides information on the methods and main findings of the study, with regard to the phenomenon of intimate partner violence against women in Brazil. Data on sexual abuse and non-partner physical and sexual violence is also included."

Women and Health: Today’s Evidence, Tomorrow’s Agenda (pdf)

added 04/30/2010

"This report reviews evidence on the health issues that particularly affect girls and women throughout their life course. This report uses currently available data to draw attention to the consequences and costs of failing to address health issues at appropriate points in their lives."

Women and HIV/AIDS: Confronting the Crisis (pdf)

added 04/08/2009
Erb-Leoncavallo (UNFPA), Gillian Holmes (UNAIDS), Gloria Jacobs, Stephanie Urdang (UNIFEM), Joann Vanek, Micol Zarb (UNFPA)

"This report documents the latest information on the current HIV/AIDS pandemic, the devastating and often invisible impact of AIDS on women and girls and highlights the ways discrimination, poverty and gender-based violence help fuel the epidemic. Most importantly, the report targets the strategies to reverse the trends."

Women in Mongolia: Mapping Progress under Transition

added 04/07/2009
Nalini Burn, Oyuntsetseg Oidov, UNIFEM

This publication tells of Mongolian women's experiences in the context of the political and economic transformation of their country. It shares reports of women encouraged to bear many children, inadequate health care or resources, and high rates of maternal mortality. Recommendations informed through case studies are presented for improving their social and economic status and increasing their political participation.

Women of Color Health Data Book (pdf)

added 08/02/2004
W. A. Leigh and M. A. Lindquist

This report describes health status of women of color, which encompasses four major groups of women—Native, Hispanic, black, and Asian Americans—with subgroups within each of the major groups. The health of adolescent and elderly women of color receives separate attention as well. The section includes violence and sexual abuse.

Yaari Dosti: Young Men Redefine Masculinity (pdf)

added 04/30/2010

"This training manual is a tool for those aiming to promote gender equity and address masculinity as a strategy for the prevention of HIV infection. The Manual is based on operations research that was undertaken in Mumbai and Uttar Pradesh to develop educational activities targeted to young men."

Zero Tolerance: Stop the Violence Against Women and Children, Stop HIV/AIDS (pdf)

added 08/22/2006
Global AIDS Alliance

Violence is linked to HIV. Women who have experienced violence may be up to three times more likely to acquire HIV. In addition to behavioral risk factors, there are direct consequences of unprotected forced or coerced sex, and this is compounded by global HIV/AIDS policies that fail to take seriously the realities facing women and girls. Fear of violence can prevent women from seeking VCT, disclosing their serostatus, and receiving treatment when it is needed.


Homeless

Hate, Violence, and Death on Main Street USA: A report on Hate Crimes and Violence Against People Experiencing Homelessness 2008 (pdf)

added 08/21/2009

A new report from the National Coalition for the Homeless (NCH) contains case descriptions of each attack that includes sexual assault. The report notes that because crimes committed against homeless persons often go unreported, the actual numbers of non-lethal attacks is likely much higher. Rapes and sexual assaults also tend to go unreported. The report recommends that state legislatures add homeless persons as a “protected class” to hate crime legislation, and encourages police trainings so law enforcement officers will better understand homelessness and how to prevent hate crimes.

Homeless Youth and Sexual Exploitation: Research Findings and Practice Implications

added 03/27/2010

"This issue brief reviews research regarding the involvement of unaccompanied, homeless youth in various types of sexual exploitation including survival sex and recruitment into the commercial sex industry and recommends a series of programmatic responses to meet their needs."

Housing & Sexual Violence (pdf)

added 10/03/2011
National Sexual Violence Resource Center

This research brief explores the relationship between housing issues, homelessness, and sexual violence. The research reviewed indicates that residents of subsidized housing and people who are homeless experience disproportionate rates of sexual violence.

Housing and Sexual Violence Fact Sheet (pdf)

added 08/04/2010

"Safe, affordable, and stable housing can be a protective factor against both sexual violence perpetration and victimization. This two page fact sheet offers information on the impact of housing costs, housing and various forms of oppression, and how advocates can help."

Housing and Sexual Violence Technical Assistance Bulletin (pdf)

added 08/04/2010

"Sexual violence and housing are intricately linked by several factors including access to affordable housing, various forms of oppression and sex offender management. This four page document offers information on each of these topics as well as a section on how advocates can help survivors."

Housing and Sexual Violence: Overview of National Survey (pdf)

added 08/04/2010

"This report provides a summary of key findings and policy recommendations from a national survey on housing and sexual violence. The National Sexual Violence Resource Center partnered with the Victims Rights Law Center, National Sexual Assault Coalition Resource Sharing Project, Louisiana Foundation Against Sexual Assault, University of New Hampshire, and Pennsylvania Community Legal Services to develop and conduct this survey in 2008."

Insecurity and Indignity: Women's experiences in the slums of Nairobi, Kenya (pdf)

added 08/11/2010

"A report documenting women’s experiences living in Kenyan slums. It states that women and girls in Nairobi's slums live under the constant threat of sexual violence. Violence against women is rarely prosecuted, creating a hostile living environment for women and girls. Amnesty urges the Kenyan government to address gendered violence and guarantee safe access to water and sanitation."

National survey of advocates on sexual violence, housing & Violence Against Women Act (pdf)

added 09/06/2011

This report provides a summary of key findings from a national survey of advocates on housing and sexual violence. Findings are based on the responses of 178 sexual violence advocates from 23 states.

Other formats: plaintext

No Safe Place: Sexual Assault in the Lives of Homeless Women

added 10/30/2006
Lisa A. Goodman, Katya Fels, & Catherine Glenn with contributions from Judy Benitez

Homelessness is an enormous social problem in the United States. Homeless women — including the “hidden homeless” — are particularly vulnerable to multiple forms of victimization including forced, coerced, or manipulated sexual activity. Levels of victimization that women endure before, during, and after episodes of homelessness remain enormously high, often occurring in multiple settings at the hands of multiple perpetrators.

Opening the Door: An Advocate's Guide to Housing and Sexual Violence (pdf)

added 08/23/2010

This guide is intended to equip advocates with information and resources to support their housing advocacy efforts in helping victims and survivors of sexual violence.

Shattered Hearts: The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of American Indian Women and Girls in Minnesota (pdf)

added 10/18/2009

A groundbreaking report released by the Minnesota Indian Women’s Resource Center (MIWRC) highlights the alarming and pervasive sex trafficking of American Indian women and girls in Minnesota. The first comprehensive report of its kind, it highlights risk factors for victims that include poverty, a disproportionate number of American Indian homeless, high incidences of overall sexual assault, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and pervasive multi-generational trauma.

Strong Foundation for Healing: Shelter & Sexual Violence (pdf)

added 03/01/2012
Kris Bein and Christi Hurt

The majority of sexual assaults take place in or near victims’ homes or in the homes of friends, relatives, or neighbors. Thus, for many survivors of sexual violence, home is often not a safe place. This paper considers issues and advocacy related to emergency shelter and longer-term housing for sexual violence survivors.

The Experience of Violence in the Lives of Homeless Women: A Research Report (pdf)

added 12/03/2012
Jana L. Jasinski; Jennifer K. Wesely; Elizabeth Mustaine; James D. Wright

This multi-site statewide study examined the experience of violence among 800 homeless women living in one of four cities in Florida. The results from the quantitative portion of the study combined with the qualitative interviews demonstrate that the homeless women taking part in the Florida Four City Study endured various combinations of victimization, homelessness and other traumatic life events and that in many cases, these experiences led the women to feel inconsequential, worthless, isolated and alone.

The Unclaimed Children Revisited, California Case Study (pdf)

added 06/14/2010
Janice L. Cooper, Yumiko Aratani, Rachel Masi, Patti Banghart, Sarah Dababnah, Ayana Douglas-Hall, Alex L. Tavares, and Shannon Stagman

"The purpose of the California Case Study is to identify, document, and analyze effective fiscal, infrastructural, and related policies that support research-informed practices for mental health services to children and adolescents in California."

Violence in the Lives of Homeless Women (pdf)

added 07/21/2008
National Center on Family Homelessness (2004)

Summary of a 6-year research project on family homelessness and poverty in MA. Focuses on findings on prevalence and impact of violence among homeless women, including the impact of both childhood and adult victimization on this population.


Immigrant/Immigration

15 Years of the United Nations Rapporteur on Violence against Women, Its Causes and Consequences (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

This report reviews the status of violence against women as researched in 14 annual reports, 32 country mission reports, and 11 communication reports published as recently as December 2008. The report focuses on reproductive health and rights, poverty, migration, internally displaced persons (IDPs), women refugees, trafficking, aging, and adolescent girls. It also highlights how the mandate on violence against women has changed, what has been learned, and problems still to be addressed.

Asian, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander Victims of Crime (pdf)

added 09/18/2009
Erika Harrell, Ph.D., BJS Statistician

"This report focuses on the victimization experiences of Asians, Native Hawaiians, and other Pacific Islanders in the United States. It examines nonfatal and fatal violent victimization and property victimization. It also includes comparisons between the victimization of Asians, Native Hawaiians, and other Pacific Islanders and other racial or ethnic groups, as well as information on victimization trends."

Breaking the Links Between Poverty and Violence against Women: A Resource Guide (pdf)

added 05/27/2009

"This resource guide explores the ways in which poverty and violence are linked. It acknowledges the efforts of women’s groups, community organizations and service agencies that support low-income women to take control of and deal with the poverty and violence in their lives. Another area of focus is to inspire community-based groups to take action on poverty and violence issues by providing practical examples of what others are doing."

Chinese Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Chinese translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Community Engagement Curriculum Guide (pdf)

added 04/23/2010
Mimi Kim

This training curriculum is based on a report from the API Institute on Domestic Violence titled "The Community Engagement Continuum: Outreach, Mobilization, Organizing and Accountability to Address Violence Against Women in Asian & Pacific Islander Communities".

Culture Handbook for working with those who have experienced sexual or domestic violence (pdf)

added 10/29/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

"This handbook is designed to be used by advocates and professionals who work with those who are victims of domestic and sexual violence. It provides some basic information on how to understand culture and begin the process of challenging oneself to become more aware of the ways in which culture impacts our work and the lives of those who are victims."

Detained and at Risk: Sexual Abuse and Harassment in United States Immigration Detention (pdf)

added 09/14/2010

This 24-page report describes documented incidents and allegations of sexual assault, abuse, and harassment in Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) detention. The report shows evidence of a disturbing pattern of abuse, and points to an urgent need for investigation and action to correct glaring gaps in detention policy and practice. Human Rights Watch emphasizes that the agency should make improvements swiftly to improve oversight of the entire detention system and the ensure accountability.

European Parliament Report on Female Genital Mutilation in the European Union (pdf)

added 03/11/2009
European Parliament’s Women’s Rights Committee

"This new report found that over 500,000 women in Europe, especially refugees and immigrants, have been subjected to female genital mutilation (FGM). The report highlights various reasons for the prevalence of FGM and incorporates different frameworks for addressing the problem, including the human rights perspective, a women’s rights view, and children’s rights."

Farsi Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 06/30/2010

Farsi translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. It locates a range of abuses and abusers in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration.

Final Report: Sexual Assault Among Latinas (SALAS) Study (pdf)

added 06/03/2010
Carlos A. Cuevas, Ph.D., Chiara Sabina, Ph.D.

A national study focusing on Latino women’s victimization involving sexual assault. The report highlights victimization experiences, help-seeking efforts, and cultural factors. Implications for policy and future research are discussed.

Handbook for legislation on violence against women (pdf)

added 09/30/2009

Based on the work of an expert group meeting in Vienna, United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs developed a Handbook for Legislation on Violence against Women. This Handbook intends to provide all stakeholders with detailed guidance to support the adoption and effective implementation of legislation which prevents violence against women, punishes perpetrators, and ensures the rights of survivors everywhere.

HIV Vulnerabilities of Migrant Women: from Asia to the Arab States: Shifting from Silence, Stigma and Shame to Safe Mobility with Dignity, Equity and Justice (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

This report focuses on female migrant workers from Bangladesh, Pakistan, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka, who worked in the host countries of Bahrain, Lebanon, and the United Arab Emirates. Researchers' key findings concluded that female migrant workers are vulnerable to HIV during all stages of employment abroad. They face sexual assault, sexual exploitation and being trafficked into the commercial sex industry while applying for or being recruited into employment, or during transit between home countries and host countries. Home countries' policies can also contribute to the problem as banning women from working abroad serves to push worker migration underground.

How to obtain U Interim Relief: A Brief Manual for Advocates Assisting Immigrant Victims of Crime (pdf)

added 11/25/2008
Sally Kinoshita, Immigrant Legal Resource Center

This manual provides U Visa information for advocates who assist victims of crime, including domestic violence. The author outlines the definition, requirements, and application process for U Visa Interim relief and also offers information on obtaining permanent residency and derivative status for family members.

Immigrant Populations as Victims: Toward a Multicultural Criminal Justice System (pdf)

added 07/07/2008
National Institute of Justice

"This report summarizes findings from a study about the criminal justice system's approach to immigrant victims of crime and barriers that prohibit immigrants from reporting crimes."

Immigrant Women and Sexual Violence

added 10/02/2009

A collection of documents that highlight the common experiences of immigrant women who are victims of sexual violence, the legal protections and public benefits available, and practices and suggestions for increasing the effectiveness of services provided to immigrant women. Also included are resources and tools for immigrant women and service providers who assist them, such as advocates, lawyers, and medical professionals.

Immigration Relief for Crime Victims: The U Visa Manual (pdf)

added 03/03/2010

"This manual aims to provide guidance to lawyers on issues that arise in the context of representing U visa applicants. It is designed for practitioners who are familiar with basic immigration terms and legal concepts."

Information on the Legal Rights Available to Immigrant Victims of Domestic Violence in the United States and Facts about Immigrating on a Marriage-Based Visa

added 11/23/2010
U.S Citizenship and Immigration Services

As part of the International Marriage Broker Regulation Act, the US Citizenship and Immigration Services has released this fact sheet to provide immigrating foreign brides (and other marriage-based visa applicants) with potentially life-saving information about rights and resources available to them in the United States if they are abused.

Korean Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Korean translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Mexico: Amnesty International Submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review

added 04/15/2009

An Amnesty International report submitted to the United Nations Human Rights Council in February 2009. The report highlighted problems in the area of violence against women, in particular, the prevalence of domestic violence in Mexico and the femicides in Ciudad Juarez along the U.S.-Mexican border.

Migrant Workers and Prevention (pdf)

added 03/27/2010

This issue of their Partners in Social Change newsletter examines in-depth primary prevention of sexual violence with migrant workers.

Modern-Day Comfort Women: The U.S. Military, Transnational Crime, and the Trafficking of Women (pdf)

added 10/23/2008
Donna M. Hughes, Katherine Y. Chon, and Derek P. Ellerman

"The U.S. military bases in South Korea were found to form a hub for the transnational trafficking of women from the Asia Pacific and Eurasia to South Korea and the United States. This study, conducted in 2002, examined three types of trafficking that were connected to U.S. military bases in South Korea: domestic trafficking of Korean women to clubs around the military bases in South Korea, transnational trafficking of women to clubs around military bases in South Korea, and transnational trafficking of women from South Korea to massage parlors in the United States."

National Prison Rape Elimination Commission Report (pdf)

added 09/18/2009
National Prison Rape Elimination Commission

"This report discusses the National Prison Rape Elimination Commission's nine findings on sexual abuse in correctional facilities as well as policies and practices that must be mandatory in remedying these problems; recommendations address what leaders in government outside the corrections profession can do to support solutions."

No Free Pass to Harass: Protecting the Rights of Undocumented Immigrant Women Workers in Sexual Harassment Cases (pdf)

added 01/30/2008
ACLU Women’s Rights Project

"In partnership with the National Employment Law Project, the ACLU Women’s Rights Project is pleased to introduce a litigation guide entitled No Free Pass to Harass: Protecting the Rights of Undocumented Immigrant Women Workers in Sexual Harassment Cases."

No Refuge Here: A First Look At Sexual Abuse in Immigration Detention (pdf)

added 06/16/2005
Stop Prisoner Rape

This report explores prevalence and extent of sexual abuse in immigration detention centers in the United States.

Poised for Prevention: Advancing Promising Approaches to Primary Prevention of Intimate Partner Violence

added 09/25/2009

"This report includes a discussion of primary prevention of intimate partner violence, promising approaches to environmental/norms change, an examination of IPV primary prevention within immigrant communities, recommended actions to building momentum for primary prevention of IPV, and immediate next steps. The report is designed as a catalyst and call to action, to give a sense of direction and raise some issues for consideration."

Punjabi Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/23/2010

"Punjabi translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Reaching Migrant Farm Workers: A Technical Assistance Bulletin for Sexual Violence Advocates and Counselors (pdf)

added 04/21/2010

"Focused on the farming industry, the bulletin describes the risk factors for sexual violence for migrant workers, barriers to reporting, legal rights and advocacy strategies."

Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Migrants (pdf)

added 08/15/2009
Jorge Bustamante

The author points out that female children are extremely vulnerable to gender-based violence during migration. Migration is often difficult and dangerous for female children due to “additional restrictions on travel” girls may face due to “male guardianships.” Female children are also vulnerable to human trafficking for sexual exploitation or forced labor during migration. The report concludes with recommendations for policy improvements on migration legislation.

Resource Guide for Advocates & Attorneys on Interpretation Services for Domestic Violence Victims (pdf)

added 04/23/2010
Chic Dabby and Cannon Han

This document provides guidelines from the Interpretation Technical Assistance and Resource Center that focus on court interpretation for domestic and sexual violence victims with limited English proficiency. These guidelines inform how advocacy, interpretation, and language access can be integrated.

Sexual Abuse in U.S. Immigration Detention (pdf)

added 03/27/2010

"This brief fact sheet talks about the risk of sexual abuse that immigration detainees face and the difficulty of seeking assistance."

Sexual Violence against Asian, Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander Women (pdf)

added 08/23/2010

This document provides guidelines for advocates on various points of intersection of domestic and sexual violence in the API communities.

Sexual Violence Against Refugees: Guidelines on Prevention and Response (pdf)

added 06/25/2002

These guidelines provide basic advice on appropriate action, particularly preventive action to end sexual violence against refugees.

Tagalog Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Tagalog translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

The Multiple Faces of the Intersections between HIV and Violence Against Women (pdf)

added 02/20/2009
Development Connections, UNIFEM, Pan American Health Organization, Inter-American Commission of Women and the Latin American and Caribbean Women’s Health Network

"The report compiles various articles that describe the intersection of and links between violence against women and the increasing number of HIV/AIDS transmissions among women. The publishers hope to prompt discussion and efforts focused on creating integrated policies and programs that address violence against women and HIV."

The Role of International Law in the Struggle against Sex-based and Gender-Based Violence against Refugee Women (pdf)

added 11/10/2004
Maya Steinitz

This document introduces international law and its uses against sex-based and gender-based violence against refugee women.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Manual on the preparation, filing and processing of applications pursuant to the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA). Also includes detailed information on Special Immigrant Juvenile Status for Children Under Juvenile Court Jurisdiction, and U and T Non-Immigrant Visas (Victims of Crime and Trafficking). A good resource for advocates and legal professionals working with these victims.
This document takes some time to download, especially with a slow connection.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 1-100 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 101-200 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 201-300 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 301-380 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

UN study on Violence Against Children

added 03/13/2009

"A press release on a new effort to provide a detailed global picture of the nature, extent and causes of violence against children, and propose clear recommendations for action to prevent and reduce such violence. The study focuses on violence against children in five settings: the home and family, schools and educational settings, other institutional settings (orphanages, children in conflict with the law), the community and on the streets, and work situations. "

Vietnamese Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 06/29/2010

Vietnamese translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence.


Internet Safety/Technology

Children’s Exposure to Violence: A Comprehensive National Survey (pdf)

added 10/23/2009
David Finkelhor, Heather Turner, Richard Ormrod, Sherry Hamby, and Kristen Kracke

"This Bulletin discusses the National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence that measured the past-year and lifetime exposure to violence for children age 17 and younger across several major categories: conventional crime, child maltreatment, victimization by peers and siblings, sexual victimization, witnessing and indirect victimization (including exposure to community violence and family violence), school violence and threats, and Internet victimization."

Communications and Technology for Violence Prevention: a workshop summary

added 06/19/2012
Katherine M. Blakeslee, Deepali M. Patel, and Melissa A. Simon, Rapporteurs

As we learn more about what works to reduce violence, the challenge facing those who work in the field is how to use all of this new information to rapidly deploy or enhance new programs. At the same time, new communications technologies and distribution channels have altered traditional means of communications, and have made community-based efforts to prevent violence possible by making information readily available. How can these new technologies be successfully applied to the field of violence prevention? The IOM's Forum on Global Violence Prevention held a workshop to explore the intersection of violence prevention and information and communications technology.

Media Savvy Youth: Challenging the Pop Culture Messages that Contribute to Sexual Violence (pdf)

added 06/03/2010

"This issue of 'Connections - A Biannual Publication of Washington Coalition of Sexual Assault Programs' shares insight from programs that are empowering youth to become media savvy by giving them the tools to be critical consumers and gain a voice around issues of sexual violence."

Online Harassment and Victimization of College Students (pdf)

added 09/10/2012
M. Alexis Kennedy and Melanie A. Taylor

The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of victimization occurring through social networking sites. Information was also sought on the internet behavior of college students. The rates of victimization initiated through online contact suggest that although social networking sites may provide opportunities for certain types of victimization, college students are still at a greater risk from people they meet offline.

Online Victimization of Youth: Five Years Later (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Janis Wolak, Kimberly Mitchell, and David Finkelhor

"This second groundbreaking national survey of 1,500 youth aged 10 to 17 documented their use of the Internet and experiences while online including unwanted exposure to sexual solicitation, sexual material, and harassment. It was produced in cooperation with OJJDP and the University of New Hampshire’s Crimes against Children Research Center and includes recommendations to help make the Internet safer for children."

Resources Addressing the Perpetration of Sexual Violence

added 12/06/2009

"This special collection provides resources that address the topics of sex offender risk, assessment, management, treatment, and supervision. In addition, there is a special focus on the policies that have been created in the past decade to help keep our communities safer."

Safety & Privacy in a Digital World

added 11/12/2012
VAWnet.org

This Special Collection provides information and resources to support the safety and privacy of those who may or do experience technology-assisted abuse. It reviews the ways in which technology can be misused by perpetrators of domestic violence, sexual violence, and stalking to harass, threaten, coerce, surveille, exploit, and violate their victim(s). It offers tips for enhancing data security and personal privacy online, on computers and networks, and in public records and databases. The collection also explores considerations for advocates and organizations serving survivors of abuse, including advocacy tips, security and privacy protections for programs, and online presence and services.

Technology Safety & Advocacy Special Collection

added 03/03/2010

This special collection includes a categorized and annotated listing of selected articles, fact sheets, papers, reports and other materials regarding the use of technology as it impacts and intersects with violence against women and children. It is offered as an additional tool to assist advocates working on and interested in the safe use of technology.

THE EXPOSURE OF YOUTH TO UNWANTED SEXUAL MATERIAL ON THE INTERNET A National Survey of Risk, Impact, and Prevention (pdf)

added 01/07/2009
KIMBERLY J. MITCHELL, DAVID FINKELHOR, JANIS WOLAK

"This national survey of youth, ages 10 to 17, and their caretakers has several implications for the current debate about young people and Internet pornography. Twenty five percent of youth had unwanted exposure to sexual pictures on the Internet in the past year, challenging the prevalent assumption that the problem is primarily about young people motivated to actively seek out pornography. Most youth had no negative reactions to their unwanted exposure, but one quarter said they were very or extremely upset, suggesting a priority need for more research on and interventions directed toward such negative effects. The authors urge that social scientific research be undertaken to inform this highly contentious public policy controversy."

The role of emerging communication technologies in experiences of sexual violence (pdf)

added 02/07/2013
Nicole Bluett-Boyd, Bianca Fileborn, Antonia Quadara and Sharnee Moore

This report presents the findings of an 18-month project undertaken by the Australian Institute of Family Studies. It reports on participants’ views in relation to: the effects of technology on the lives of young people; the interface between emerging communication technologies and experiences of sexual violence; and what factors enable or hinder appropriate legal responses.

Other formats: html

Intervention

A Guide for Mothers, Grandmothers, and Others for Helping a Girl Caught in Prostitution or Sex Trafficking

added 01/15/2010

An online bilingual guide in English and Spanish for helping a girl caught in prostitution or sex trafficking. The guide includes warning signs, resources, how to get help from the justice system, what to do if the girl is arrested, what to do if the girl is found deceased and more. The guide is based on the view that mothers, grandmothers, and others close to prostituted girls have been a neglected, yet powerful resource in the fight to end sexual exploitation. The guide seeks to give them the tools they need.

A Novel, Intensive Home-Visiting Intervention for Runaway, Sexually Exploited Girls

added 11/01/2009
Laurel D. Edinburgh and Elizabeth M. Saewyc

"This study both describes a home-visiting intervention program for young, sexually assaulted runaways (10-14 years old) and provides preliminary outcomes from the first 20 female participants. Following the one-year intervention, teens' risk behaviors decreased, including truancy, runaway episodes, sexually transmitted infections and substance use."

Other formats: pdf

Addressing Elder Sexual Abuse: Developing a Community Response

added 07/21/2005
Karla Vierthaler, Nora Dowd Eisenhower and Delia Rumberg

This multimedia curriculum is created to promote community partnerships in combating elder sexual abuse. This is a joint project of the Pennsylvania Coalition Against Rape and the Pennsylvania Department of Aging and is funded by the Pennsylvania Department of Aging and the Pennsylvania Commission on Crime & Delinquency.

Alcohol and Sexual Violence Perpetration

added 12/09/2008
Antonia Abbey with contributions from Lydia Guy Ortiz

This Applied Research paper examines the frequent co-occurrence of alcohol and sexual violence perpetration. Identifying the different ways alcohol relates to perpetration can aid in the development of effective sexual violence prevention strategies. The authors off suggestions for practitioners based on available scientific knowledge.

Other formats: pdf

An Evidence-Based Review of Sexual Assault Preventive Intervention Programs (pdf)

added 08/15/2006
Shannon Morrison, Jennifer Hardison, Anita Mathew, and Joyce O'Neil

RTI International performed a comprehensive literature review of existing Sexual Assault Preventive Programs (SAPIs). This document provides an evidence-based review of their findings and includes extensive evaluations of existing SAPIs, identifies areas where there appear to be significant gaps, as well as provides recommendations for the change of current/future SAPIs. *This file is very large, please be patient as it downloads*

Confronting Sexual Violence in Conflict Situations (pdf)

added 11/01/2009

"This document is one of four sections to be published in the organization's upcoming handbook, 'Women Claiming Justice: Using International Law in Conflict and Post-Conflict Situations'. The report outlines the various manifestations of sexual violence frequently exhibited in conflict zones, specifically highlighting rape and sexual abuse, domestic violence, sexual exploitation, and trafficking. Also provides a “Peace Builders Action Toolkit” with resources for activists working to create peace and justice. "

Culturally Competent Service Provision to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Survivors of Sexual Violence (pdf)

added 10/02/2009
Sabrina Gentlewarrior with contributions from Kim Fountain

"This Applied Research paper provides a review of the research focusing on LGBT survivors of sexual trauma and offers recommendations for culturally competent service provision to LGBT clients."

Culture Handbook for working with those who have experienced sexual or domestic violence (pdf)

added 10/29/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

"This handbook is designed to be used by advocates and professionals who work with those who are victims of domestic and sexual violence. It provides some basic information on how to understand culture and begin the process of challenging oneself to become more aware of the ways in which culture impacts our work and the lives of those who are victims."

Current Trends in Psychological Assessment and Treatment Approaches for Survivors of Sexual Trauma (pdf)

added 05/25/2006
Nicole P. Yuan, Mary P. Koss, Mirto Stone

This document provides a review and critique of current trends in mental health assessment and treatment for sexual trauma survivors with an emphasis on early intervention. Treatment approaches are restricted to psychotherapy.

Other formats: html

Date Rape: A Hidden Crime (pdf)

added 07/07/2008
Laura Russo, Australian Institute of Criminology

"This Australian report provides an overview of main issues underlying date rape including: incidence, difficulties in measuring extent; complicated issues around sexual consent; impact on victims; and, obstacles and options in prevention and treatment."

Domestic Violence and Sexual Violence in Minnesota: Strategies for Prevention and Intervention (pdf)

added 12/05/2003
Minnesota Department of Health Injury and Violence Prevention Unit

This planning tool addresses the issue of domestic and sexual violence as they relate to health care and public health in Minnesota.

Elder Abuse and Neglect

added 07/19/2010
Linda M. Woolf, Ph.D.

This document provides an overview of elder abuse including types of abuse, risk factors, and prevention and intervention strategies for individuals, families, and communities.

Elder Mistreatment: Abuse, Neglect, and Exploitation in an Aging America

added 08/01/2006
Richard J. Bonnie and Robert B. Wallace, Eds

This full book link is provided courtesy of The National Academies Press. This is an online book and can be read in its entirety front to back, by chapter or skimmed by topic of interest. Published in 2002, this book details everything from the definitions and concepts of elder abuse to the public policy implications as well as to the types of interventions available for working with this population.

Employee Training on Addressing Sexual Harassment (word)

added 03/11/2009
The Advocates for Human Rights

This module is intended to train in identifying the various forms of sexual harassment, encouraging employees to report it, and discussing options for addressing sexual harassment in the workplace.

Ending Violence Against Women: Programming for Prevention, Protection and Care (pdf)

added 06/08/2010

"This handbook, intended primarily for development practitioners, provides practical points to consider when designing and implementing projects addressing violence against women. It is a collection of good practices drawn from ten case studies."

Engaging Bystanders in Sexual Violence Prevention (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Joan Tabachnick, 2008

This booklet reviews the concept of bystander intervention and some factors that lead people to act; it considers who bystanders are and some circumstances that would motivate people to get involved. The document also includes relevant research, future directions, helpful tools, resources, and training activities.

Exiting Prostitution: An Integrated Model (pdf)

added 05/17/2010
Lynda M. Baker, Rochelle L. Dalla, and Celia Williamson

"This article reviews two general models and two prostitution-specific models and their applicability to the exiting process. Barriers encountered as women attempt to leave the streets are identified. Based on the four models, the barriers, the prostitution literature, and the authors’ experience with prostituted women, a new integrated six-stage model that is comprehensive in scope and sensitive to women’s attempts to exit prostitution is offered as a foundation for continued research on the process of women leaving the streets."

Family Violence: An Intervention Model for Dental Professionals (pdf)

added 07/21/2006
Kristin Littel

Efforts to strengthen responses by health care professionals to family violence have increased dramatically in recent years. As a result, more health care providers are able to recognize the signs of abuse and assist patients who are victims. However, dental professionals appear to be the least likely of all clinicians to suspect and intervene in family violence, even though injuries to the head and neck are present in 60 percent or more of abuse cases. Although they may see abuse-related injuries during patient visits, dental professionals typically have not been trained to recognize the causes of these injuries or how to offer intervention and referrals to patients. This bulletin describes a training model that teaches dental professionals how to recognize symptoms and patterns of abuse, create a safe environment for disclosure, intervene appropriately, refer patients to appropriate services, and file mandatory reports. The bulletin also underscores the importance of including dental professionals in community efforts to coordinate response to family violence.

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: Data and Trends (pdf)

added 02/20/2009

The Population Reference Bureau estimates that between 100 and 140 million girls and women worldwide have undergone female genital mutilation (FGM) and more than 3 million girls are at risk for cutting each year on the African continent alone. Global and national efforts to end FGM and cutting have supported legislation targeting excisors, medical professionals, and families who perpetuate the practice, but political will and implementation remain an issue.

Final Report: Focus Group on Public Law 280 and the Sexual Assault of Native Women

added 06/11/2008
The Tribal Law and Policy Institute (TLPI) (December 2007)

"The Office on Violence Against Women (OVW) hosted a focus group in Green Bay, Wisconsin to discuss challenges to, and opportunities for, collaboration between states and tribes in Public Law 280 jurisdictions to address sexual assault in Indian country."

Forensic Evidence Collection and Care of the Sexual Assault Survivor: The SANE-SART Response

added 08/02/2001
Linda E. Ledray, RN, Ph.D, LP, FAAN

This Violence Against Women Online Resources commissioned document outlines the components of a coordinated Sexual Assault Response Team (SART) model and illustrates the techniques and implementation strategies that should be utilized when gathering forensic evidence post sexual assualt.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Gender Approaches in Conflict and Post-Conflict Situations (pdf)

added 03/25/2003

This manual aims to increase effectiveness of humanitarian and recovery interventions through integration of a gender perspective in conflict and post-conflict situations. It includes a chart to depict different levels of possible gender violence dimensions along the timeline of pre-conflict and post-conflict.

Global Consultation on Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (pdf)

added 08/29/2009

A report on the prevalence of female genital mutilation (FGM) and analyzes shifting global patterns of FGM and methods used to eliminate its occurrence. The report also illustrates the effects of FGM on maternal and infant health and notes law enforcement and non-profit agency efforts to combat FGM.

Guatemala’s Femicide Law: Progress Against Impunity? (pdf)

added 08/29/2009

This report places femicide within a particular historical, cultural and socio-political context describing the 36-year internal conflict that resulted in rape, torture and murder of tens of thousands of Guatemalan women and girls. Although the government has made some progress in implementing some aspects of the Law Against Femicide, the report also points out that the lack of understanding of the law, continued social unrest, poor media portrayal, and inadequate efforts to implement the law stand in the way of serious progress. The report concludes with recommendations for the government including improving investigation and prosecution of crimes of violence against women, and protection of the victims of violence and their children.

Haiti: After the Earthquake: Initial Mission Findings, March 2010 (pdf)

added 03/31/2010

Amnesty International created this brief to draw attention of the Haitian government and the international community supporting Haiti, regarding the prevention of and response to sexual violence against women and girls.

How to Write a Letter to the Judge for Victims of Rape, Domestic Violence and Child Abuse

added 07/26/2001

Gives information that should help you write a more effective letter. Provides four examples of different kinds of letters you as a victim or victim advocate, may want to write to the judge in the criminal case. Also available in Spanish.

Improving Judicial Response to Sexual Harassment in the Courtroom (word)

added 03/11/2009
The Advocates for Human Rights

This module is intended for judges, court personnel, and other legal professionals to strategize about improving the judicial response to sexual harassment in the courtroom and in their profession generally.

Juveniles Who Have Sexually Offended: A Review of the Professional Literature

added 03/22/2001

Posted by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). A comprehensive and annotated account of the characteristics of juveniles who commit sex offenses and their families and the type of offenses they commit. A broad array of clinical assessment tools, including psychological testing, are described, and a thorough discussion of recidivism rates and issues is presented. The Report concludes with a review of treatment approaches and settings and a look at program assessment.

Let's Talk: Adults Talking to Adults about Child Sexual Abuse (pdf)

added 11/30/2005

This brochure was primarily designed for adults who are concerned about the possible presence of child sexual abuse within their community. Stop It Now! believes that learning how to talk about your concerns can help protect a child in your life and this guide gives you the tools to speak about your concern.

Little Children Are Sacred: Exploring Accountability to Australia's Aboriginal Children

added 07/13/2010

This collection explores accountability to aboriginal children in the Northern Territory of Australia through a critical analysis of government action (and inaction) - presented generally as its follow-up to recommendations in the Little Children are Sacred report of 2007 - and a review of the community-based response to the government interventions.

Male Reproductive Control of Women Who Have Experienced Intimate Partner Violence in the United States (pdf)

added 05/18/2010
Ann M. Moore, Lori Frohwirth, and Elizabeth Miller

"A study conducted through in-depth interviews with 71 women aged 18-49 who had a history of intimate partner violence. Findings include male reproductive control which encompasses pregnancy-promoting behaviors as well as control and abuse during pregnancy in an attempt to influence the pregnancy outcome. Recommendations include assessing for male reproductive control among women seeking reproductive health services, including antenatal care, so that health care providers may be able to provide education, care, and counseling to help women protect their reproductive health and physical safety."

Marital Rape: New Research and Directions (pdf)

added 03/03/2006
Raquel Kennedy Bergen

Provides an overview of the research on marital rape including a brief legal history of marital rape; a discussion of the occurrence of marital rape; a summary of the effects of marital rape; and an analysis of practitioners' intervention with marital rape survivors.

Other formats: html

Mobilizing Religious Communities to Respond to Gender-based Violence and HIV: A Training Manual (pdf)

added 04/14/2010

The first in a series of two manuals aimed at raising awareness and educating religious leaders and communities about gender-based violence. The training manual equips religious communities with tools to deepen their awareness and understanding of gender-based violence and its link to HIV and proposes faith-based activities on the subject.

More Than Ready: Bystander action to prevent violence against women in the Victorian community (Research highlights) (pdf)

added 05/31/2012
Australia Victorian Health Promotion Foundation

This publication is the summary of a full research report on bystander action to prevent violence against women in Australia, funded by VicHealth and conducted by Dr Anastasia Powell and the Social Research Center. It provides evidence that while many in the Victorian community recognise unacceptable behavior towards women, individuals and organisations can do more to respond.

Moving Upstream: Virginia’s Newsletter for the Primary Prevention of Sexual & Intimate Partner Violence (pdf)

added 05/14/2008
Virginia Sexual and Domestic Violence Action Alliance (VSDVAA)

"The theme of this issue is "Revisiting Healthy Sexuality and Sexual Violence Prevention". The feature article profiles two programs using a healthy sexuality approach, and also reports on key policy and practice developments that have come to light since the original healthy sexuality articles were published in 2005. There is also an article examining how one local Virginia agency implemented the Care For Kids child sexual abuse prevention program in their community. "

Must Boys Be Boys? Ending Sexual Exploitation & Abuse in UN Peacekeeping Missions (pdf)

added 11/18/2005
Refugees International

This report argues that a hyper-masculine culture has evolved within UN peacekeeping missions that breeds a tolerance for such extreme behaviors. The report calls on the UN to insure that the necessary funding and resources are made available to fully address the problem.

Ohio Elder Abuse Task Force Report (pdf)

added 06/21/2005
Elder Abuse Task Force, State of Ohio

This report consists of recommendations, issues for future consideration, and implementation strategies for the prevention of elder abuse as a result of research done by the Ohio Elder Abuse Task Force.

Online Learning Tools on Violence Against Women

added 02/04/2009
National Resource Center on Domestic Violence (NRCDV) and the National Sexual Violence Resource Center (NSVRC)

"This collection provides a sampling of available Online Learning Tools with subject matter related to violence against women prevention and intervention. The resources listed here can be used for the purposes of staff development (by individuals), or as tools for trainers (in groups).Many of the tools in this list offer Continuing Education Credits (CEUs) to fulfill licensure requirements for professionals in certain disciplines."

Partnering With Men To End Gender-Based Violence: Practices that work from Eastern Europe and Central Asia (pdf)

added 04/14/2010

"This report documents good practices in preventing and responding to gender-based violence. The five case studies featured within document initiatives in Armenia, Romania,Turkey and the Ukraine that were implemented by governments and other partners with the support of UNFPA. Although the reports focus on initiatives in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, the practices and lessons learned can be applied throughout the globe."

Poverty and Sexual Violence Building Prevention and Intervention Responses: A Guide for Counselors and Advocates (pdf)

added 04/21/2010

"This guide includes definitions and discussion of terms, a review of current literature showing the links between sexual violence and poverty, a philosophical framework for economic advocacy, strategies for application of the framework, conclusions and recommendations, as well as tools and resources."

Predictable, Preventable: Best Practices for Addressing Interpersonal and Self-Directed Violence During and After Disasters (pdf)

added 06/01/2012
Canadian Red Cross & the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

This report highlights why and how interpersonal and self-directed violence during and after disasters is a predictable and preventable problem and the actions the International Federation and its partner agencies should take to have a more engaged role in addressing the problem. Canadian Red Cross & the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

Programming to Address Violence against Women (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

"This is the second volume in a series that focuses on prevention and response tools for violence against women. The publication features eight case studies that highlight initiatives that have proven successful in combating violence against women: Algeria, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe. The UNFPA hopes to support current efforts in the eight case study countries and encourage other countries to take steps toward ending violence against women."

Protecting Children in Cyberspace: The ICAC Task Force Program (pdf)

added 04/22/2002
Medaris,M., and Girouard, C.

January 2002 Bulletin. Discusses efforts by OJJDP's Internet Crimes Against Children (ICAC) Task Force Program that address emerging online threats, such as computer-facilitated sex crimes, directed at children and teenagers. The ICAC Task Force Program helps State and local law enforcement agencies develop effective responses to online enticement and child pornography offenses. Responses include investigative, forensic, community education, and victim service components. The information in this OJJDP Bulletin is intended to help parents, policymakers, and practitioners create an Internet environment in which children can participate safely.

Reaching Individuals along all Literacy Levels: A Technical Assistance Bulletin for Rape Crisis Counselors, Advocates, and Prevention Educators (pdf)

added 04/21/2010

"This bulletin provides information to help professionals understand the connections between literacy and sexual violence"

Report Describing Projects Designed to Prevent First-Time Male Perpetration of Sexual Violence (Updated) (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Monique Clinton-Sherrod, Deborah Gibbs, Jennifer Hardison Walters, Stephanie Hawkins, Cassie Williams, RTI International, 2008

"In 2002 RTI conducted an environmental scan to identify programs in the relatively new field of prevention of first-time perpetration of sexual violence. The current report provides updated information on 23 of the original 37 programs and adds information on 36 new programs that have been developed since the 2003 report. This report offers a catalog of programs targeting prevention of first-time male perpetration of sexual violence."

Reproductive Health for Communities in Crisis (pdf)

added 03/13/2003

This document illustrates that communities that face natural disaster, war and internal conflicts are likely to experience violence against women and reproductive health challenges. The document explores how to address sexual violence, HIV/AIDS, reproductive health, and how to maintain safety in prolonged crisis.
This document is also available in French and Spanish

Reproductive Health in Refugee Situations: An Inter-Agency Field Manual

added 03/13/2003

The purpose of the Field Manual is to serve as a tool to facilitate discussion and decision-making in the planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of reproductive health (RH) interventions. Chapters in the manual include: sexual and gender based violence, reproductive health concerns, and legal information.

Responding to Violence and Abuse: Educating Minnesota Professionals for the Future

added 05/20/2000

1995 report of four statewide task forces convened to review, revise and recommend violence education for nine professional areas (61 pages).

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Restorative Justice Responses to Sexual Assault

added 04/10/2008
Mary Koss and Mary Achilles

This VAWnet Applied Research paper examines restorative justice for sexual assault from the perspective of survivors. A large international literature promotes restorative justice options as satisfying and empowering to crime victims.

Sex Trafficking Needs Assessment for the State of Minnesota

added 09/30/2008
The Advocates for Human Rights

This 2008 report, focuses on trafficking for commercial sex exploitation and prostitution, highlights successes in combating sex trafficking and suggests ways to improve responses to this complex problem in Minnesota.

Sexual and reproductive health of women living with HIV/AIDS: Guidelines on care, treatment and support for women living with HIV/AIDS and their children in resource-constrained settings (pdf)

added 06/08/2010
UNFPA, WHO

"This publication addresses the specific sexual and reproductive health needs of women living with HIV/AIDS and contains recommendations for counseling, anti-retroviral therapy, care and other interventions."

Sexual Assault Risk Reduction Curriculum

added 08/07/2009
Ellen Hohenstein, M.A., Arline Kennedy, R.N

The curriculum was specifically developed to reduce the incidence of adolescent sexual assault through risk-reduction educational strategies. It is a powerful tool to assist school personnel, police, and community agency staff in their efforts to implement high-quality educational programs. The curriculum includes lessons for high school and middle school aged youth and can be used in either school or non-school settings.

Sexual Violence Against Women and Girls in War and Its Aftermath: Realities, Responses, and Required Resources (pdf)

added 07/21/2009
Jeanne Ward and Mendy Marsh, UNFPA

"This briefing paper was prepared for the Symposium on Sexual Violence in Conflict and Beyond, which took place in June 2006. It provides information on the nature and scope of the problem as well as evaluation of efforts to combat it."

Sexual Violence and the Spectrum of Prevention Factsheet (pdf)

added 03/03/2010

"This two-page fact sheet is based on the NSVRC’s publication, 'Sexual Violence and the Spectrum of Prevention: Towards a Community Solution'. It gives an overview of the Spectrum framework, developed by Larry Cohen of the Prevention Institute, and provides examples of interventions at the six Spectrum levels."

Other formats: plaintext

Sexual Violence Surveillance: Uniform Definitions and Recommended Data Elements (pdf)

added 08/13/2003
Kathleen C. Basile, Ph.D and Linda E. Saltzman, Ph.D

This document contains definitions and data elements that can be used to create instruments for surveillance.

Other formats: html

Shattered Lives: Immediate medical care for victims of sexual violence (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

A recently released report depicting the experiences of victims of sexual violence, as well as those who provide immediate care to victims. The report focuses on the individual stories of those who have been sexually assaulted, and those who provide medical, counseling, and other types of support services to victims. Through these stories,the organization hopes to convey the importance of making emergency medical and other services immediately and readily accessible to victims.

Teen Dating Violence: Information and Resources (pdf)

added 12/15/2005
 

This is an information packet developed by the National Resource Center on Domestic Violence (NRCDV) as an introduction to the dynamics, prevalence and consequences of teen dating violence. The packet explores issues specific to teen dating violence, examines current provision of support services for teens and presents information about a variety of promising prevention /intervention strategies. The intent of packet contents is to examine some of the key dating violence issues currently facing teens and their advocates.

Testing Justice The Rape Kit Backlog in Los Angeles City and County (pdf)

added 05/15/2009

"A March 2009 report from Human Rights Watch revealed that 12,669 rape kits containing DNA and other evidence of rapes remain untested in the city and county of Los Angeles, California. The report highlights the nature and scope of the backlog, consequences of untested kits, and responses from professionals."

The Economic Dimensions of Interpersonal Violence (pdf)

added 07/21/2009
Hugh Waters, et al., Department of Injuries and Violence Prevention, World Health Organization

This document examines the economic effects of interpersonal violence, including sexual violence, as well as the economic effects of interventions seeking to reduce violence and the ways in which economic factors such as poverty and income inequality contribute to violence.

The Impact of Armed Conflict on Women and Girls (pdf)

added 03/14/2003

This report of a consultative meeting is intended to contribute to the United Nations study on the Impact of Armed Conflict on Women and Girls, requested by the United Nations Security Council. This report reflects the purpose of the meeting which was twofold: first, to examine and explore the impact of armed conflict on women and girls; and, second, to formulate strategies and tools to ensure that reproductive health programmes accurately reflect this population’s needs, specifically by addressing them through a comprehensive, gendersensitive approach.

Trainings to Integrate Sexual and Domestic Violence Screening into Family Planning Settings: Key Components for Success

added 04/21/2011
Jill Clark, MPH and Beth Nagy, MPH

This article describes how a self-assessment of maternal and child health programs in a state health department led to a statewide training initiative on domestic violence, sexual assault, and reproductive coercion for family planning providers. Key training concepts, lessons learned, and future directions are discussed.

Treatment of Adult Sex Offenders

added 07/07/2008
Robert Prentky and Barbara Schwartz with contributions from Gail Burns-Smith

"This Applied Research paper provides an overview of the current state of treatment of adult male sex offenders, with a focus on the effectiveness of treatment."

Other formats: pdf

Trust Betrayed

added 12/18/1997
 

This booklet, designed by the West Virginia Bureau for Public Health, helps young adults understand the dynamics of healthy relationships; the signs of controlling relationships; the strategies for dealing with dating violence; and the resources available to end the cycle of violence.

Understanding Treatment for Adults and Juveniles Who Have Committed Sex Offenses (pdf)

added 07/30/2008
Center for Sex Offender Management (November 2006)

"The purpose of this brief is to provide a broad overview of current research, professional literature, and practice trends relative to treatment for sexually abusive individuals."

Violence Against Women - Synthesis of Research on Offender Interventions (pdf)

added 10/12/2004
Daniel G. Saunders

This report provides an overview of the latest research on interventions for men who assault women—wives, girlfriends, and acquaintances. The assaults may be physical or sexual, and they almost always involve psychological abuse. The overview begins with a description of the major components of current programs and then describes what is known about effective assessment and treatment methods. Several topics are covered that are often of interest to practitioners, including methods for enhancing treatment motivation, assessment of dangerousness, and culturally competent practice. The role of research in resolving controversial issues and the characteristics of sound evaluations are also discussed. Programs reviewed will be those commonly labeled as "social service," "treatment," and "psycho-educational," as opposed to purely criminal justice interventions.

Violence in Families: Assessing Prevention and Treatment Programs

added 08/01/2006
Rosemary Chalk and Patricia A. King, Eds.

This is a full-text online book made available courtesy of The National Academies Press. This important book, published in 1998, details out chapter by chapter the different types of interventions to be utilized by different types of professionals, as well as makes recommendations.

Women and Trauma: A Working Document, Second Report

added 10/24/2013

2013: This report demonstrates the application of trauma-informed approaches across a wide range of settings and systems and encourages other governmental and nongovernmental agencies to implement a cross-sector, interagency, inter-systems’ realization, recognition, and response to trauma.

Women Building Peace and Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict-Affected Contexts: A Review of Community-Based Approaches (pdf)

added 04/22/2009
Annalise Moser, UNIFEM

This study was developed to inform programming and advocacy within the context of UNIFEM programming, and builds on country-level visits conducted in early 2007. The study looks at five areas of intervention: peacebuilding and conflict resolution initiatives, reconciliation mechanisms, increasing access to justice, access to support services, and conflict monitoring systems. These sections examine the barriers women face and highlights examples of women’s successful engagement in peacebuilding at the community level.


Intimate partner sexual violence

Victim Advocate Guide: Intimate Partner Violence and Combat Experience (pdf)

added 04/15/2011

This resource provides guidance on how to assess and respond to the heightened risk of severe violence, suicide, and homicide linked to the co-occurrence of combat trauma and Intimate Partner Violence.

A Safer Campus: A Guidebook for Prevention and Response to Sexual and Intimate Partner Violence and Stalking for Ohio Campuses (pdf)

added 08/23/2010

"This guidebook identifies key best practices to prevent and respond to sexual and intimate partner violence and stalking. It also provides short and long term action recommendations for colleges and universities to implement in four focused areas: preparedness, prevention, response and recovery."

Additional Scripts for Clinic Assessment (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

This document is created for healthcare professionals and provides a series of scripted questions and responses when working with victims of violence. The information is intended to help communicate all the information needed to give to a patient as well as responding to immediate safety issues and making referrals.

Addressing Gender-based Violence: UNFPA Strategy and Framework for Action (pdf)

added 03/11/2009

This report, grounded in UNFPA's overarching goal of eliminating violence against women and girls, identifies particular areas where action is most urgently needed and proposes general policy frameworks for combating gender-based violence.

AIDS Accountability Scorecard on Women 2009 (pdf)

added 04/30/2010

"The first ever global scorecard analyzing country responses to the specific needs and vulnerabilities of women in the context of the AIDS epidemic. This independent assessment, developed through a comprehensive consultative process with global health experts and civil society representatives from across the world, evaluates data that all governments provide as part of the 2001 United Nations Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS."

Assessing for Reproductive Coercion: Suggestions for Violence Screening in Reproductive Health Settings (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

Offers information to health care providers and counselors on the importance of screening for reproductive coercion. Also offers a framework for assessing and responding to sensitive reproductive information.

Balancing Obligations: Serving Teen Victims and Mandated Reporting of Statutory Rape (pdf)

added 03/17/2010

This issue brief addresses the importance of preserving confidentiality while working with teen victims of abuse, at the same time fulfilling the service provider's legal duties.

Case Closed: Rape and Human Rights in the Nordic Countries Summary Report (pdf)

added 04/14/2010

"A report analyzing the legal framework for handling rape cases in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. The report recommends legislative changes for each country’s rape laws to increase the number of successful rape prosecutions, and to bring the laws into compliance with international law and international human rights standards."

Community Engagement Curriculum Guide (pdf)

added 04/23/2010
Mimi Kim

This training curriculum is based on a report from the API Institute on Domestic Violence titled "The Community Engagement Continuum: Outreach, Mobilization, Organizing and Accountability to Address Violence Against Women in Asian & Pacific Islander Communities".

Comprehensive Issue Spotting: A Tool for Civil Attorneys Representing Victims of Domestic & Dating Violence, Sexual Assault & Stalking (pdf)

added 09/24/2009

"This is a client-centered tool for civil attorneys new to representing victims of domestic and dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking to provide comprehensive representation and advocacy for their clients."

Criminal Victimization, 2008 (pdf)

added 09/18/2009
Michael R. Rand, BJS Statistician

"The report includes data on violent crimes (rape/sexual assault, robbery, aggravated assault and simple assault), property crimes (burglary, motor vehicle theft and property theft), and personal theft (pocket picking and purse snatching), and the characteristics of victims of these crimes. The report also includes estimates of intimate partner violent crime and use of firearms and other weapons in the commission of violent crime overall."

Culturally Competent Service Provision to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Survivors of Sexual Violence (pdf)

added 10/02/2009
Sabrina Gentlewarrior with contributions from Kim Fountain

"This Applied Research paper provides a review of the research focusing on LGBT survivors of sexual trauma and offers recommendations for culturally competent service provision to LGBT clients."

Did You Know Your Relationship Affects Your Health? (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

A tri-fold patient safety card which contains a checklist to assess safety, healthy/unhealthy relationships, and children's exposure to violence. The card also provides resources and information on how to get help.

Did You Know Your Relationship Affects Your Health? (Spanish) (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

A tri-fold patient safety card which contains a checklist to assess safety, healthy/unhealthy relationships, and children's exposure to violence. The card also provides resources and information on how to get help.

Domestic Violence Against Women in Albania (pdf)

added 09/30/2009

"This qualitative report examines the prevalence of domestic violence in Albania, including forms of domestic violence and complicating factors."

Elder Abuse: A Women’s Issue (pdf)

added 07/11/2010

"This report brings together experts and organizations that work to combat the problem of elder abuse, sharing its many dimensions and complexities, how it affects women in a disproportionate manner, and seeking effective solutions."

Eliminating the Rape Kit Backlog

added 06/03/2010

"This special online collection provides information to help victim service professionals engage in a multi-disciplinary dialogue about the issues and challenges involved with addressing the backlog of untested rape kits."

Engaging Boys and Men in Gender Transformation: The Group Education Manual (pdf)

added 04/03/2010

"This manual offers trainers an array of participatory experiential exercises to reach men (and their partners), exploring gender socialization and its impact on HIV prevention and care. Piloted in Ethiopia, Namibia, South Africa and Tanzania, the manual is designed to assist trainers in developing curricula to work with men and boys on gender, HIV and AIDS issues."

Extent, Nature, and Consequences of Intimate Partner Violence (pdf)

added 08/04/2008
Patricia Tjaden and Nancy Thoennes, U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs (July 2000)

"Presents findings from the NVAW Survey on the extent, nature, and consequences of IPV in the US. The survey compares victimization rates among women and men, specific racial groups, Hispanics and non-Hispanics, and same-sex and opposite-sex cohabitants. "

Farsi Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 06/30/2010

Farsi translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. It locates a range of abuses and abusers in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration.

Final Report: Sexual Assault Among Latinas (SALAS) Study (pdf)

added 06/03/2010
Carlos A. Cuevas, Ph.D., Chiara Sabina, Ph.D.

A national study focusing on Latino women’s victimization involving sexual assault. The report highlights victimization experiences, help-seeking efforts, and cultural factors. Implications for policy and future research are discussed.

Forced Sexual Intercourse Among Young Adult Women Fact Sheet (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Emily Holcombe, B.A., Jennifer Manlove, Ph.D., and Erum Ikramullah, B.A./B.S.

"This Fact Sheet uses nationally representative data to describe the types of force used during forced sexual intercourse. Variations in rates of forced sexual intercourse by race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and sexual history are also examined."

Global and regional estimates of violence against women: prevalence and health effects of intimate partner violence and non-partner sexual violence (pdf)

added 06/26/2013
Claudia García-Moreno & Christina Pallitto, WHO; Karen Devries, Heidi Stöckl & Charlotte Watts, LSHTM; Naeemah Abrahams, SAMRC

Violence against women is a significant public health problem, as well as a fundamental violation of women’s human rights. This report presents the first global systematic review and synthesis on violence by an intimate partner (intimate partner violence) and sexual violence by someone other than a partner (non-partner sexual violence). The report also details the effects of violence on women’s physical, sexual and reproductive, and mental health.

Guatemala’s Femicide Law: Progress Against Impunity? (pdf)

added 08/29/2009

This report places femicide within a particular historical, cultural and socio-political context describing the 36-year internal conflict that resulted in rape, torture and murder of tens of thousands of Guatemalan women and girls. Although the government has made some progress in implementing some aspects of the Law Against Femicide, the report also points out that the lack of understanding of the law, continued social unrest, poor media portrayal, and inadequate efforts to implement the law stand in the way of serious progress. The report concludes with recommendations for the government including improving investigation and prosecution of crimes of violence against women, and protection of the victims of violence and their children.

Handbook for legislation on violence against women (pdf)

added 09/30/2009

Based on the work of an expert group meeting in Vienna, United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs developed a Handbook for Legislation on Violence against Women. This Handbook intends to provide all stakeholders with detailed guidance to support the adoption and effective implementation of legislation which prevents violence against women, punishes perpetrators, and ensures the rights of survivors everywhere.

Hidden Marks: A Study of Women Students’ Experiences of Harassment, Stalking, Violence and Sexual Assault (Executive Summary) (pdf)

added 03/27/2010

This summary reports on the key findings of research carried out by the National Union of Students between August 2009 and March 2010. Research concerned women students’ experiences of harassment, financial control, control over their course and institution choices, stalking, violence, and sexual assault.

How To Integrate Assessment for Violence and Reproductive Coercion Into Clinical Practice (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

A resource for healthcare providers which outlines points to train staff working with victims of violence and reproductive coercion.

How to obtain U Interim Relief: A Brief Manual for Advocates Assisting Immigrant Victims of Crime (pdf)

added 11/25/2008
Sally Kinoshita, Immigrant Legal Resource Center

This manual provides U Visa information for advocates who assist victims of crime, including domestic violence. The author outlines the definition, requirements, and application process for U Visa Interim relief and also offers information on obtaining permanent residency and derivative status for family members.

Human Rights Watch World Report 2010 (pdf)

added 07/28/2010

"This 20th annual World Report summarizes human rights conditions in more than 90 countries and territories worldwide. It reflects extensive investigative work undertaken in 2009 by Human Rights Watch staff, usually in close partnership with human rights activists in the country in question."

Interpersonal violence and alcohol (pdf)

added 03/27/2010

This report by the World Health Organization presents research on the relation between alcohol and violence. It suggests that alcohol is a situational determinant which increases the risk of most types of violence. Hazardous and harmful use of alcohol has also been shown to be an important consequence of experiencing or witnessing most forms of violence, but especially child maltreatment and intimate partner violence.

Interpersonal Violence and Women With Disabilities: A Research Update

added 11/08/2009
Laurie E. Powers, Rosemary B. Hughes, and Emily M. Lund, VAWnet: The National Online Resource Center on Violence Against Women

"This article provides an update on what researchers have learned during the past ten years about abuse and women with disabilities and offers some perspectives on the state of current research and its implications for future studies and advocacy efforts."

Other formats: pdf

Intimate or Childhood Sexual Abuse and Obesity in Kentucky

added 11/04/2008
Ann L. Coker, PhD, MPH; Corrine Williams, ScD; James E. Ferguson, II, MD; Heather M. Bush, PhD; Yasmin Parrish; Leslie Crofford, MD

This study concluded that sexual abuse, whether experienced as an adult or child, was associated with a 32% increase in obesity among 4,391 women in Kentucky. The study also found that intimate partner violence and obesity are common health threats for women. The authors suggest that efforts to prevent physical and sexual abuse and mental health consequences of abuse on victims can have implications to improve women's health.

Intimate Partner Sexual Violence Support Group Guide (pdf)

added 10/13/2009
Jennifer Y. Levy-Peck, Ph.D.

This is a manual with detailed information on developing and facilitating a psychoeducational support group for survivors of intimate partner sexual violence (IPSV). It also includes information on how to incorporate IPSV topics into more general support groups focused on domestic violence or sexual assault.

Male Reproductive Control of Women Who Have Experienced Intimate Partner Violence in the United States (pdf)

added 05/18/2010
Ann M. Moore, Lori Frohwirth, and Elizabeth Miller

"A study conducted through in-depth interviews with 71 women aged 18-49 who had a history of intimate partner violence. Findings include male reproductive control which encompasses pregnancy-promoting behaviors as well as control and abuse during pregnancy in an attempt to influence the pregnancy outcome. Recommendations include assessing for male reproductive control among women seeking reproductive health services, including antenatal care, so that health care providers may be able to provide education, care, and counseling to help women protect their reproductive health and physical safety."

Mexico: Amnesty International Submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review

added 04/15/2009

An Amnesty International report submitted to the United Nations Human Rights Council in February 2009. The report highlighted problems in the area of violence against women, in particular, the prevalence of domestic violence in Mexico and the femicides in Ciudad Juarez along the U.S.-Mexican border.

National Crime Victimization Survey Criminal Victimization, 2007 (pdf)

added 01/06/2009
Bureau of Justice Statistics

"Presents estimates of rates and levels of personal and property victimization for 2007 and describes the substantial fluctuations in the survey measures of the crime rates from 2005 through 2007. The report includes data on violent crimes (rape/sexual assault, robbery, aggravated assault and simple assault), property crimes (burglary, motor vehicle theft and property theft), and personal theft (pocket picking and purse snatching), and the characteristics of victims of these crimes."

Partnering With Men To End Gender-Based Violence: Practices that work from Eastern Europe and Central Asia (pdf)

added 04/14/2010

"This report documents good practices in preventing and responding to gender-based violence. The five case studies featured within document initiatives in Armenia, Romania,Turkey and the Ukraine that were implemented by governments and other partners with the support of UNFPA. Although the reports focus on initiatives in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, the practices and lessons learned can be applied throughout the globe."

Poised for Prevention: Advancing Promising Approaches to Primary Prevention of Intimate Partner Violence

added 09/25/2009

"This report includes a discussion of primary prevention of intimate partner violence, promising approaches to environmental/norms change, an examination of IPV primary prevention within immigrant communities, recommended actions to building momentum for primary prevention of IPV, and immediate next steps. The report is designed as a catalyst and call to action, to give a sense of direction and raise some issues for consideration."

Poverty and Sexual Violence Building Prevention and Intervention Responses: A Guide for Counselors and Advocates (pdf)

added 04/21/2010

"This guide includes definitions and discussion of terms, a review of current literature showing the links between sexual violence and poverty, a philosophical framework for economic advocacy, strategies for application of the framework, conclusions and recommendations, as well as tools and resources."

Pregnancy coercion, intimate partner violence and unintended pregnancy (pdf)

added 01/18/2011
Elizabeth Miller, Michele R. Decker, Heather L. McCauley, Daniel J. Tancredi, Rebecca R. Levenson, Jeffrey Waldman, Phyllis Schoenwald, Jay G. Silverman

In surveying females ages 16–29 years seeking care in five family planning clinics in Northern California, pregnancy coercion and birth control sabotage were found to be common among young women utilizing family planning clinics. In the context of partner violence, these findings are associated with increased risk for unintended pregnancy.

Preventing Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence in Michigan Preventing Intimate and Sexual Violence in Michigan - Prevention Plan 2010-2015 (pdf)

added 02/15/2011
Primary Authors: Tammy Lemmer of Michigan Coalition Against Domestic and Sexual Violence and Marguerite Grabarek, Ph.D. Candidate at the University of Michigan

In a two-year process,a multidisciplinary group of experienced prevention practitioners, stakeholders, advocates, and organizations formed a Prevention Steering Committee that conducted a statewide needs and resources assessment from which three goals were developed to prevent the first-time occurrence of intimate partner and sexual violence.
Michigan’s plan uses a public health approach to benefit the largest group possible and emphasizes building the capacity of individuals, organizations and systems to more effectively identify, implement, and evaluate prevention strategies, especially those that prevent first-time perpetration.

Promoting gender equality to prevent violence against women (pdf)

added 10/28/2009

"The World Health Organization has released a briefing highlighting the importance of the role gender plays in interpersonal violent situations, community- and school-based initiatives to empower women, the role of the media in altering gender norms, and the importance of engaging with men to combat violence against women. The briefing is one of an eight-part series on how to prevent interpersonal and self-directed violence."

Punjabi Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/23/2010

"Punjabi translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Rape Myths (pdf)

added 07/21/2009

This document looks at several articles that examine widely held prejudicial beliefs about rape, rape victims, and perpetrators and the role these myths play in justifying and perpetuating sexual violence.

Rape Prevention and Risk Reduction: Review of the Research Literature for Practitioners

added 11/08/2009
Kimberly A. Lonsway, Victoria L. Banyard, Alan D. Berkowitz, Christine A. Gidycz, Jackson T. Katz, Mary P. Koss, Paul A. Schewe, and Sarah E. Ullman With contributions from Dorothy Edwards

"This Applied Research paper examines both single- and mixed-gender rape prevention and risk reduction programs, and provides suggestions for practitioners to design, implement, and evaluate programs."

Other formats: pdf

Reaching Individuals along all Literacy Levels: A Technical Assistance Bulletin for Rape Crisis Counselors, Advocates, and Prevention Educators (pdf)

added 04/21/2010

"This bulletin provides information to help professionals understand the connections between literacy and sexual violence"

Report Describing Projects Designed to Prevent First-Time Male Perpetration of Sexual Violence (Updated) (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Monique Clinton-Sherrod, Deborah Gibbs, Jennifer Hardison Walters, Stephanie Hawkins, Cassie Williams, RTI International, 2008

"In 2002 RTI conducted an environmental scan to identify programs in the relatively new field of prevention of first-time perpetration of sexual violence. The current report provides updated information on 23 of the original 37 programs and adds information on 36 new programs that have been developed since the 2003 report. This report offers a catalog of programs targeting prevention of first-time male perpetration of sexual violence."

Reproductive Health of Urban American Indian and Alaska Native Women: Examining Unintended Pregnancy, Contraception, Sexual History and Behavior, and Non-Voluntary Sexual Intercourse (pdf)

added 07/06/2010

"This study provides a national picture of reproductive health and sexual violence for American Indian and Alaska Native women living in urban areas. Findings show American Indian and Alaska Native women living in urban areas were more likely than non-Hispanic whites to report non-voluntary first sexual intercourse, unintended and teen pregnancies, unprotected first sex and first sex with older partners."

Reproductive Justice & Violence Against Women: Understanding the Intersections

added 07/07/2010

"The purpose of this special collection is to provide resources and an introduction to reproductive justice, focusing particularly on the connections between the elimination of reproductive oppression and domestic and sexual violence."

Resource Guide for Advocates & Attorneys on Interpretation Services for Domestic Violence Victims (pdf)

added 04/23/2010
Chic Dabby and Cannon Han

This document provides guidelines from the Interpretation Technical Assistance and Resource Center that focus on court interpretation for domestic and sexual violence victims with limited English proficiency. These guidelines inform how advocacy, interpretation, and language access can be integrated.

Resources Addressing the Perpetration of Sexual Violence

added 12/06/2009

"This special collection provides resources that address the topics of sex offender risk, assessment, management, treatment, and supervision. In addition, there is a special focus on the policies that have been created in the past decade to help keep our communities safer."

Ruling Offers a New Protection to Victims of Assault in Minnesota (USA)

added 08/15/2009

The Minnesota Supreme Court published a ruling that an individual may now be charged with the serious crime of burglary if they enter their former partner's home to commit a crime, even if they have an ownership interest in the home. This ruling provides a new type of protection for victims who do not have an active order for protection against former partners.

Screening for Intimate Partner Violence and Abuse of Elderly and Vulnerable Adults (Fact Sheet)

added 01/23/2013
U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force makes recommendations about the effectiveness of specific clinical preventive services for patients without related signs or symptoms. Recommendations are based on the evidence of both the benefits and harms of the service and an assessment of the balance. This Recommendation Statement recommends that clinicians screen women of childbearing age for intimate partner violence (IPV), such as domestic violence, and provide or refer women who screen positive to intervention services. At this time, current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening all elderly or vulnerable adults.
This resource links to the fact sheet that explains the final recommendation statement in plain language. To access the full report, visit http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf12/ipvelder/ipvelderfinalrs.htm

Security Begins at Home (pdf)

added 02/25/2009

The Kosova Women’s Network released the country’s first study on domestic violence, called Security Begins at Home. The report highlights key points such as: what the citizens of Kosovo perceive as domestic violence, the forms and consequences of domestic violence, citizens' response to ending it, and the legal and institutional gaps in addressing it.

Self-reported Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Data Brief (pdf)

added 06/23/2009

"Summarizes intimate partner and sexual violence victimization from three different Minnesota surveys and one national survey."

Sexual Abuse in Later Life (pdf)

added 07/11/2010
Bonnie Brandl and Holly Ramsey Klawsnik

"This article addresses sexual assault in later life and specifically focuses on victimization of elders that occurs in the context of intimate partner violence, incest, and care facilities."

Sexual Assault FAQ

added 07/30/2009

Compiled by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, this page offers useful information on sexual assault, what to do if you've been sexually assaulted, and offers a list of resources for more information on this topic.

Sexual Violence against Asian, Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander Women (pdf)

added 08/23/2010

This document provides guidelines for advocates on various points of intersection of domestic and sexual violence in the API communities.

Sexual Violence Against Women: Impact on High-Risk Health Behaviors and Reproductive Health

added 06/24/2009
Sandra L. Martin and Rebecca J. Macy with contributions from Janice A. Mirabassi

"This Applied Research paper provides a brief overview of research on the impact of sexual violence on females' high-risk health behaviors and reproductive health, focusing on studies of sexual assault or rape experienced primarily during adulthood."

Shattered Hearts: The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of American Indian Women and Girls in Minnesota (pdf)

added 10/18/2009

A groundbreaking report released by the Minnesota Indian Women’s Resource Center (MIWRC) highlights the alarming and pervasive sex trafficking of American Indian women and girls in Minnesota. The first comprehensive report of its kind, it highlights risk factors for victims that include poverty, a disproportionate number of American Indian homeless, high incidences of overall sexual assault, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and pervasive multi-generational trauma.

Shattered Lives: Immediate medical care for victims of sexual violence (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

A recently released report depicting the experiences of victims of sexual violence, as well as those who provide immediate care to victims. The report focuses on the individual stories of those who have been sexually assaulted, and those who provide medical, counseling, and other types of support services to victims. Through these stories,the organization hopes to convey the importance of making emergency medical and other services immediately and readily accessible to victims.

Silence is Violence: End the Abuse of Women in Afghanistan (pdf)

added 07/29/2009

A new United Nations (UN) report on women in Afghanistan that focuses on the growing trend of violence and threats against women in public life and rape/sexual violence. The report concludes that these forms of violence are a huge occurrence in the everyday lives of Afghan women and the government has a crucial role in helping to eradicate these harmful practices towards women.

Standards of Practice for Lawyers Representing Victims of Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault and Stalking in Civil Protection Order Cases (pdf)

added 09/24/2009

"These Standards are presented as aspirational guidelines for the operation of legal service providers, pro bono legal service providers, and individual lawyers representing victims of domestic violence, sexual assault and stalking in civil protection order cases."

Status of Girls in Illinois (pdf)

added 12/18/2009
Mariame Kaba, Melissa Spatz, Michelle VanNatta

This report addresses a wide spectrum of areas affecting Illinois girls’ lives, including sexuality, violence, incarceration, substance abuse, health, education and physical fitness.
Full report is linked. Executive summary can be found at http://www.steansfamilyfoundation.org/pdf/SOG_Executive_Summar.pdf

Status of Girls in Minnesota

added 05/25/2010
Women’s Foundation of Minnesota and the Institute for Women’s Policy Research

"This 2008 report provides detailed information on the status of girls in Minnesota. It also serves as a tool for advocates, researchers, and policy makers in developing a set of interventions that will ensure girls’ economic, social, and political equality in the state. "

Strong Foundation for Healing: Shelter & Sexual Violence (pdf)

added 03/01/2012
Kris Bein and Christi Hurt

The majority of sexual assaults take place in or near victims’ homes or in the homes of friends, relatives, or neighbors. Thus, for many survivors of sexual violence, home is often not a safe place. This paper considers issues and advocacy related to emergency shelter and longer-term housing for sexual violence survivors.

Tagalog Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 04/24/2010

"Tagalog translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence. The spiral implicitly locates a range of abuses in the lives of girls and women, revealing patterns of victimization and perpetration. The Lifetime Spiral is designed to be used by everyone to identify histories of violence in their own lives or in the lives of family and friends."

Testing Justice The Rape Kit Backlog in Los Angeles City and County (pdf)

added 05/15/2009

"A March 2009 report from Human Rights Watch revealed that 12,669 rape kits containing DNA and other evidence of rapes remain untested in the city and county of Los Angeles, California. The report highlights the nature and scope of the backlog, consequences of untested kits, and responses from professionals."

The Economic Dimensions of Interpersonal Violence (pdf)

added 07/21/2009
Hugh Waters, et al., Department of Injuries and Violence Prevention, World Health Organization

This document examines the economic effects of interpersonal violence, including sexual violence, as well as the economic effects of interventions seeking to reduce violence and the ways in which economic factors such as poverty and income inequality contribute to violence.

The Facts on Reproductive Health and Violence Against Women (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

This fact sheet provides information and statistics on teen and adult unintended pregnancies, contraception use, sexually transmitted infections, and violence during pregnancy.

The Role of Men and Boys in Achieving Gender Equality (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

A United Nations report that recognizes eliminating violence against women through the promotion of gender equality. The report outlines obstacles men and boys face in this struggle and identifies ways in which they can be involved in preventing violence against women.

The Runaway & Homeless Youth and Relationship Violence Toolkit

added 03/26/2010

This toolkit was developed by and for advocates in the runaway and homeless youth and domestic violence and sexual assault fields. Includes up to date research and resources as well as evaluation tools for programs providing services to youth.

The Sexual Victimization of College Women (pdf)

added 11/12/2008
Bonnie S. Fisher, Francis T. Cullen, Michael G. Turner, U.S. Department of Justice

Women attending colleges are at greater risk for rape and other forms of sexual assault than the general population or in another comparable age group. The study found that many women do not characterize their sexual victimization as a crime for a number of reasons including blaming themselves.The study reinforces the importance of many organizations’ efforts to improve education and knowledge about sexual assault.

Transforming the National AIDS Response: Advancing Women’s Leadership and Participation (pdf)

added 07/25/2010

"The second in a series of resource guides dedicated to highlighting strategies for incorporating gender equality and women’s rights into national HIV and AIDS responses. This publication discusses various approaches for advancing women’s leadership and meaningful participation of HIV-positive women in the AIDS response."

Understanding National Rape Statistics (pdf)

added 10/02/2009
Dean Kilpatrick and Jenna McCauley with contributions from Grace Mattern

"This Applied Research paper provides an overview of how estimates of sexual violence in the United States are produced, with particular emphasis on major sources of rape statistics at the national level."

Using Rapist Risk Factors to Set an Agenda for Rape Prevention

added 10/18/2009
Raymond A. Knight and Judith Sims-Knight with contributions from Suzanne Brown-McBride

"This article briefly reviews the empirical research on the behaviors, traits, developmental experiences, and biological antecedents that have been found to be associated with an increased probability that a male will become sexually aggressive. It attempts to differentiate correlative and causative factors and to identify gaps in our knowledge that must be addressed to develop models of etiology on which to base effective prevention programs."

Other formats: pdf

VAWnet Mini-Special Collection: Supporting the Women of Haiti

added 04/07/2010

"This collection includes initiatives supporting relief efforts in Haiti, especially those focused on delivering aid to women and responding to those at higher risk for sexual and/or domestic violence."

Vietnamese Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence (pdf)

added 06/29/2010

Vietnamese translation of the Lifetime Spiral of Gender Violence.

Violence Against Native Women: A Guide for Practitioner Action (pdf)

added 03/12/2010
Shelby Settles Harper (Caddo Nation) and Christina Marie Entrekin (Oneida)

This paper is intended to serve as a guide to practitioners who represent Native women who are the victims of domestic and sexual violence. It is dedicated to the brave Native women whose faces are behind the horrifying statistics. Includes practice tips for law enforcement, tribal leaders, judges, advocates, attorneys, prosecutors, and probation/parole officers.

Violence Against Women: Classic Papers

added 08/21/2009
Raquel Kennedy Bergen, Jeffrey L. Edleson and Claire M. Renzetti

The purpose of this project was to assemble some of the classic works in the field of violence against women so that new generations of students, practitioners, and researchers would have a collective understanding of the work that has shaped the field. Included are commentaries from the original authors, when available, reflecting on why they authored the work when they did and the influence of their work on the field.

Virginia's Guidelines for the Primary Prevention of SV/IPV (pdf)

added 09/18/2009

This document provides guidelines to assist Virginia sexual and domestic violence agencies(and possibly other community organizations) in developing effective SV/IPV primary prevention initiatives. The guidelines and support materials contained are based on a combination of research and experience from people who do SV/IPV primary prevention work on a daily basis.

WHO Multi-country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence – Country Findings: Brazil

added 07/13/2010

"This fact sheet provides information on the methods and main findings of the study, with regard to the phenomenon of intimate partner violence against women in Brazil. Data on sexual abuse and non-partner physical and sexual violence is also included."

Why It Matters: Rethinking Victim Assistance for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer Victims of Hate Violence and Intimate Partner Violence

added 03/27/2010
The National Center for Victims of Crime and the National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs

/*Not available 7/17/12 "This report, the product of a 2009 survey of victim assistance providers and LGBTQ anti-violence programs throughout the United States, describes widespread gaps in victim services for LGBTQ victims of crime and recommends steps to improve both the services and their accessibility."

Women and Health: Today’s Evidence, Tomorrow’s Agenda (pdf)

added 04/30/2010

"This report reviews evidence on the health issues that particularly affect girls and women throughout their life course. This report uses currently available data to draw attention to the consequences and costs of failing to address health issues at appropriate points in their lives."

Women and HIV/AIDS: Confronting the Crisis (pdf)

added 04/08/2009
Erb-Leoncavallo (UNFPA), Gillian Holmes (UNAIDS), Gloria Jacobs, Stephanie Urdang (UNIFEM), Joann Vanek, Micol Zarb (UNFPA)

"This report documents the latest information on the current HIV/AIDS pandemic, the devastating and often invisible impact of AIDS on women and girls and highlights the ways discrimination, poverty and gender-based violence help fuel the epidemic. Most importantly, the report targets the strategies to reverse the trends."

Yaari Dosti: Young Men Redefine Masculinity (pdf)

added 04/30/2010

"This training manual is a tool for those aiming to promote gender equity and address masculinity as a strategy for the prevention of HIV infection. The Manual is based on operations research that was undertaken in Mumbai and Uttar Pradesh to develop educational activities targeted to young men."

Youth Activism: Engaging Teens in the Sexual Violence Prevention Movement (pdf)

added 04/21/2010

"This bulletin discusses how to engage youth as valued partners in sexual violence prevention work."


Legal/Policy

A Prosecutor's Resource:Medical Evidence and the Role of Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners in Cases Involving Adult Victims (pdf)

added 02/01/2011

This publication serves as a handbook for prosecutors working with medical evidence and Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners (SANE) in cases of violence against adult victims of sexual assault. This monograph provides prosecutors with an understanding of how SANEs focused on patient care and appropriate support services and referrals, rather than a specific investigative agenda can positively impact victim engagement in the criminal prosecution of their perpetrator. A glossary of commonly used terms used in medical examination reports is also included.

Summary of Laws & Guidelines: Payment of Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations (pdf)

added 11/14/2012
AEquitas: The Prosecutors' Resource on Violence Against Women

This resource includes the laws and guidelines for each U.S. state and territory regarding sexual assault medical forensic examination (SAMFE) payment, as well as a number of charts summarizing the provisions. You can also download the 13 page summary HERE

"You were raped? How could you be so stupid?": Start by Believing (pdf)

added 01/30/2013

This resource is an article from End Violence Against Women International that speaks to the importance of believing and supporting victims of sexual violence. The goal of the Start by Believing campaign is to end the cycle of repeat offenses and assure that sex offenders are held accountable for their crimes. With a positive response, victims are more likely to seek help. Changing how the public responds to stories of sexual violence will then impact the criminal justice system and outcomes will begin to improve.

'I can't afford justice': Violence against women in Uganda continues unchecked and unpunished (pdf)

added 06/08/2010

An Amnesty International Report that documents obstacles to justice in cases of rape and sexual violence against women in Uganda. The report found that the society’s strong adherence to traditional values impedes the enforcement of progressive laws. The report concludes with legal policy recommendations to better meet the needs of victims.

15 Years of the United Nations Rapporteur on Violence against Women, Its Causes and Consequences (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

This report reviews the status of violence against women as researched in 14 annual reports, 32 country mission reports, and 11 communication reports published as recently as December 2008. The report focuses on reproductive health and rights, poverty, migration, internally displaced persons (IDPs), women refugees, trafficking, aging, and adolescent girls. It also highlights how the mandate on violence against women has changed, what has been learned, and problems still to be addressed.

2006 WATCH Victim Impact Statement Study (pdf)

added 08/08/2006
Mary Lay Schuster & Amy Propen

This study addresses victim impact statements as given in court regarding incidences of domestic violence and/or sexual assault and the effect these statements had on the judge regarding sentencing.

2009 Annual Report on Sexual Assault in the Military (pdf)

added 03/31/2010

"This report discusses improvements to Sexual Assault Prevention and Response (SAPR) policy and programs, provides statistics and analysis of reported sexual assaults, and outlines plans to enhance support to victims and prevent the crime."

A Distinction Without a Difference: Why the Minnesota Supreme Court should overrule its precedent precluding the admission of helpful expert testimony in adult victim sexual assault cases. (pdf)

added 12/19/2011
Kaarin Long, Caroline Palmer, & Sara G. Thome

Law review article on the use of expert testimony in adult victim sexual assault cases.

A National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations (pdf)

added 10/30/2006
DOJ - Office on Violence Against Women

This protocol was developed with the input of national, local, and tribal experts throughout the country, including law enforcement representatives, prosecutors, advocates, medical personnel, forensic scientists and others, as a guide for criminal justice and health care practitioners who respond to victims of sexual assault. The protocol is intended to assist jurisdictions in developing a response that is sensitive to victims of sexual assault and promotes offender accountability.

A Struggle for Justice: Incest Victims in Pakistan (pdf)

added 01/30/2012
Equality Now, WAR Lahore, Nasreen Welfare Trust Legal Aid Services

This report highlights the difficulties women and girls are faced with in accessing justice in cases of sexual violence, particularly incest. Included in this report are a survey of incest cases in Pakistan, a summary of published legal opinions in incest cases, identification of obstacles to justice and a compilation of good practice examples from other countries that have addressed similar obstacles. The authors hope this report will be used as a guide towards making the Pakistani judicial system more supportive of future victims which will have a deterrent effect on perpetrators.

A Summary of Articles from Justice Research and Policy (pdf)

added 08/24/2007
Just Research and Policy

"JRP Digest contains research summaries for policymakers from Justice Research and Policy, the journal of the Justice Research and Statistics Association."

Achieving Equity for Women: Policy Alternatives for the New Administration Symposium Report (pdf)

added 05/25/2010
Institute for Women’s Policy Research and Wellesley Centers for Women

"This report summarizes the policy research symposium convened by the Institute for Women’s Policy Research and the Wellesley Centers for Women, held in Washington, DC on April 2, 2009. The symposium highlighted four policy areas in which public policy can work to improve the status of women in the United States: women and economic recovery; retirement, social security and aging; quality early care and education; and women and health care reform."

Addressing Gender-based Violence: UNFPA Strategy and Framework for Action (pdf)

added 03/11/2009

This report, grounded in UNFPA's overarching goal of eliminating violence against women and girls, identifies particular areas where action is most urgently needed and proposes general policy frameworks for combating gender-based violence.

Advocating for Women in the Criminal Justice System in Cases of Rape, Domestic Violence and Child Abuse

added 10/14/2003

The handbook consisits of various practical forms which were developed by advocates to evaluate criminal justice services for women in cases of rape, domestic violence and child abuse. It also has theoretical chapters on understanding how criminal justice systems can help and harm women.

An Impact Evaluation of a Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) Program (pdf)

added 06/14/2005
Crandall, Cameron S. & Helitzer, Deborah

This impact evaluation assesses the Albuquerque Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner services in the areas of healthcare, victim services, law enforcement, and prosecution. The evaluation compares the experiences of women who sought services at the University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center in the two years prior to the inception of the SANE program with those of women who sought services at the Albuquerque SANE Collaborative from its inception in October 1996 through to the end of 1999. The report concludes that the "data strongly suggest that a SANE unit greatly enhances the healthcare quality of women who have been sexuaIly assaulted, improves the quality of forensic evidence, improves law enforcement's ability to collect information and to file charges, and increases the likelihood of successful prosecution"

Assault Advocacy Guide: An Advocate's Guide to Sexual Assault Policy

added 06/11/2008
National Alliance to End Sexual Violence (NAESV) (2008)

"This manual contains a variety of information around understanding the federal legislative process, including action tools such as tips for meeting with your legislator."

Balancing Obligations: Serving Teen Victims and Mandated Reporting of Statutory Rape (pdf)

added 03/17/2010

This issue brief addresses the importance of preserving confidentiality while working with teen victims of abuse, at the same time fulfilling the service provider's legal duties.

Case Closed: Rape and Human Rights in the Nordic Countries Summary Report (pdf)

added 04/14/2010

"A report analyzing the legal framework for handling rape cases in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. The report recommends legislative changes for each country’s rape laws to increase the number of successful rape prosecutions, and to bring the laws into compliance with international law and international human rights standards."

Child Abuse and Neglect: Compendia of Civil and Criminal State Laws (pdf)

added 01/07/2009
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect

"This compendia list how each state in the U.S. defines child abuse and neglect. The compendia of civil state laws are to help legal and non-legal professionals in the analysis, formulation, and implementation of child protection and child welfare legislation. The Compendia (previously titled State Statutes Elements) contain citations and text of key civil statutes pertaining to child maltreatment, child welfare, and domestic violence. The Compendia are intended as research tools and do not substitute for the official version of any statute."

Child Protection Information Sheets (pdf)

added 03/18/2009

"This booklet comprises 14 information sheets which highlight how child protection is crucial to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. Covering different forms of abuse, these sheets also outline how to build a protective environment for children and what UNICEF is doing on the ground to protect children."

Child Trafficking for Sexual Purposes Report (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

End Child Prostitution, Child Pornography and Trafficking of Children for Sexual Purposes (ECPAT International) released a report in November 2008 on the global problem of child sex trafficking. The report sums up progress countries have made since passing laws to combat child sex trafficking. Finally, the report highlights key lessons learned and discusses six recommendations to improve strategies and policies.

Child-Pornography Possessors Arrested in Internet-Related Crimes: Findings From the National Juvenile Online Victimization Study (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Janis Wolak ; David Finkelhor ; Kimberly J. Mitchell

"This report presents findings from the National Juvenile Online Victimization (N-JOV) Study describing arrests and characteristics of offenses and offenders for Internet-related sex crimes committed against minors."

Children’s and Adolescents’ Participation and Protection from Sexual Abuse and Exploitation (pdf)

added 06/08/2010
Clare Feinstein and Claire O’Kane

"A paper reviewing government commitments to strengthen participation by children and adolescents to protect them from sexual abuse and exploitation. The paper provides recommendations for further research, policy development, and programming to support advocacy and practice with and by children and adolescents. "

Civil Tort Actions Filed by Victims of Sexual Assault: Promise and Perils

added 11/08/2009
Ellen Bublick with contributions from Jessica Mindlin, VAWnet

"This Applied Research paper examines tort actions for sexual assault - law suits that seek financial compensation for wrongs that cause injury to the victim. The paper also discusses benefits and drawbacks of tort litigation for sexual assault survivors."

Other formats: pdf

Comprehensive Issue Spotting: A Tool for Civil Attorneys Representing Victims of Domestic & Dating Violence, Sexual Assault & Stalking (pdf)

added 09/24/2009

"This is a client-centered tool for civil attorneys new to representing victims of domestic and dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking to provide comprehensive representation and advocacy for their clients."

Dangerous Liaisons?: A Feminist and Restorative Approach to Sexual Assault

added 01/08/2013
Brunilda Pali, Karin Sten Madsen

This paper will focus on the appropriateness of restorative justice (RJ) measures in addressing sexual assault. Being part of both the feminist movement and RJ movement, the authors approach the issue from both of these perspectives.

Data Collections for the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (pdf)

added 08/24/2004

This report includes highlights of the legislation and addresses some of the complexities of collecting sensitive data from various correctional populations. The report also contains descriptions of new data collection efforts that BJS is undertaking in order to meet the requirements of the legislation.

Detained and at Risk: Sexual Abuse and Harassment in United States Immigration Detention (pdf)

added 09/14/2010

This 24-page report describes documented incidents and allegations of sexual assault, abuse, and harassment in Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) detention. The report shows evidence of a disturbing pattern of abuse, and points to an urgent need for investigation and action to correct glaring gaps in detention policy and practice. Human Rights Watch emphasizes that the agency should make improvements swiftly to improve oversight of the entire detention system and the ensure accountability.

Deterring Staff Sexual Abuse of Federal Inmates (pdf)

added 06/16/2005

This report examines the prevalence of the sexual abuse of inmates by correctional staff and also analyzes the laws that exist to deter this type of abuse.

Don't Turn Your Back On Girls: Sexual Violence Against Girls In Haiti (pdf)

added 02/25/2009

A comprehensive report on sexual violence against girls in Haiti released by Amnesty International in late November of 2008. Over half of the 105 rapes reported in Haiti by the end of November were committed against girls under the age of 18, according to one of the few organizations in the country which collect rape statistics. The report includes findings on rape as a political weapon, the role of discrimination and poverty, and the state’s response.

Educating Juries in Sexual Assault Cases Part I: Using Voir Dire to Eliminate Jury Bias (pdf)

added 09/06/2012
Christopher Mallios, JD and Toolsi Meisner, JD

This article explains strategies to educate juries about sexual violence facts and overcome common misconceptions. In addition to providing data-driven information about sexual assault based on research, journal articles, and authoritative publications, this article suggests ideas to improve jury selection techniques.

Elder Abuse and Neglect Basics: Elder Abuse Laws

added 02/10/2006

This page provides a brief overview of the major areas of federal and state law related to services for elder abuse victims, civil remedies for elder abuse, neglect and exploitation, and the prosecution of crimes against elderly people.

Elder Mistreatment: Abuse, Neglect, and Exploitation in an Aging America

added 08/01/2006
Richard J. Bonnie and Robert B. Wallace, Eds

This full book link is provided courtesy of The National Academies Press. This is an online book and can be read in its entirety front to back, by chapter or skimmed by topic of interest. Published in 2002, this book details everything from the definitions and concepts of elder abuse to the public policy implications as well as to the types of interventions available for working with this population.

Eliminating Violence against Children (pdf)

added 03/13/2009
Inter-Parliamentary Union and UNICEF

"Jointly produced by UNICEF and the Inter-Parliamentary Union, this handbook describes measures parliamentarians can take to end violence against children: they can legislate, oversee government activities, allocate financial resources and, as leaders in their nations and communities, raise awareness of issues."

Ending Violence Against Women

added 06/11/2008
Lori Heise, Mary Ellsberg and Megan Gottemoeller, Series L, Number 11, in Population Reports (December 1999)

"Highlights the 2 most prevalent types of abuse in the lives of women and girls around the world: intimate partner violence and rape. Demonstrates how world-wide gender-based violence is a major public health concern, suggesting strategies to respond."

Extent, Nature, and Consequences of Rape Victimization: Findings From the National Violence Against Women Survey (pdf)

added 03/03/2006
National Institute of Justice

Despite widespread public education, rape remains a largely underreported crime; and despite increased levels of research over the past few decades, significant gaps remain in understanding rape victimization. This NIJ Special Report takes a detailed look at the National Violence Against Women Survey findings and the researchers' recommendations for future research.

False Reports: Moving Beyond the Issue to Successfully Investigate and Prosecute Non-Stranger Sexual Assault (pdf)

added 03/27/2009
Kimberly A. Lonsway, Sgt. Joanne Archambault (Ret.), Dr. David Lisak

"The article begins by reviewing up-to-date research suggesting that the rate of false reporting for sexual assault is in the range of 2-8%. It also critiques prior research suggesting that the rate of false reporting is far higher, and explores the reasons why this issue is so challenging for professionals in the field. The article concludes with a discussion of how professionals can work to overcome these challenges, and how to handle the frustrating reality of "real" false reports. "

Final Report: Focus Group on Public Law 280 and the Sexual Assault of Native Women

added 06/11/2008
The Tribal Law and Policy Institute (TLPI) (December 2007)

"The Office on Violence Against Women (OVW) hosted a focus group in Green Bay, Wisconsin to discuss challenges to, and opportunities for, collaboration between states and tribes in Public Law 280 jurisdictions to address sexual assault in Indian country."

Final Report: Sexual Assault Among Latinas (SALAS) Study (pdf)

added 06/03/2010
Carlos A. Cuevas, Ph.D., Chiara Sabina, Ph.D.

A national study focusing on Latino women’s victimization involving sexual assault. The report highlights victimization experiences, help-seeking efforts, and cultural factors. Implications for policy and future research are discussed.

Five Years On: No Justice for Sexual Violence in Darfur

added 06/11/2008
Human Rights Watch (April 2008)

"Drawing on various data sources, this report covers: Sexual Violence in Darfur in 2007-08; Government's Response; International Response; and Sudan's Obligation to Prevent, Investigate and Punish Sexual Violence."

Gender Oppression, Abuse and Violence: Community Accountability within the People of Color Progressive Movement (pdf)

added 07/12/2005
Incite! Women of Color Against Violence

This report is generated from a two-day meeting held in Seattle February 7 – 8, 2004 by an ad-hoc INCITE! Community Accountability in Organizations Working Group. This group specifically gathered to address gender oppression including patriarchical political and work environments, sexual harassment, domestic violence, and sexual assault committed against women/girls/women-identified persons of color within progressive, radical and revolutionary people of color organizations and movement.

Global Consultation on Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (pdf)

added 08/29/2009

A report on the prevalence of female genital mutilation (FGM) and analyzes shifting global patterns of FGM and methods used to eliminate its occurrence. The report also illustrates the effects of FGM on maternal and infant health and notes law enforcement and non-profit agency efforts to combat FGM.

Good practices in legislation on violence against women (pdf)

added 07/21/2009

This report comes from an expert group meeting organized by the United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. The purpose of the expert group meeting was to analyze different legislative approaches for addressing violence against women; assess lessons learned and identify good practices in regard to legal reforms on violence against women; and develop a model framework for legislation on violence against women. The outcome of the meeting is intended to assist States and other stakeholders in enhancing existing, and developing new, legislation on violence against women.

Guatemala’s Femicide Law: Progress Against Impunity? (pdf)

added 08/29/2009

This report places femicide within a particular historical, cultural and socio-political context describing the 36-year internal conflict that resulted in rape, torture and murder of tens of thousands of Guatemalan women and girls. Although the government has made some progress in implementing some aspects of the Law Against Femicide, the report also points out that the lack of understanding of the law, continued social unrest, poor media portrayal, and inadequate efforts to implement the law stand in the way of serious progress. The report concludes with recommendations for the government including improving investigation and prosecution of crimes of violence against women, and protection of the victims of violence and their children.

Handbook for legislation on violence against women (pdf)

added 09/30/2009

Based on the work of an expert group meeting in Vienna, United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs developed a Handbook for Legislation on Violence against Women. This Handbook intends to provide all stakeholders with detailed guidance to support the adoption and effective implementation of legislation which prevents violence against women, punishes perpetrators, and ensures the rights of survivors everywhere.

Handbook for legislation on violence against women (Russian) (pdf)

added 11/01/2009

"A Russian translation of the 2009 Handbook for legislation on violence against women, a report of the expert group meeting organized by the United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. The group studied different legislative approaches to violence against women and developed this handbook for legislation based upon best practices and lessons learned. The handbook also includes commentary on legislation on violence against women in a number of countries."

Hate, Violence, and Death on Main Street USA: A report on Hate Crimes and Violence Against People Experiencing Homelessness 2008 (pdf)

added 08/21/2009

A new report from the National Coalition for the Homeless (NCH) contains case descriptions of each attack that includes sexual assault. The report notes that because crimes committed against homeless persons often go unreported, the actual numbers of non-lethal attacks is likely much higher. Rapes and sexual assaults also tend to go unreported. The report recommends that state legislatures add homeless persons as a “protected class” to hate crime legislation, and encourages police trainings so law enforcement officers will better understand homelessness and how to prevent hate crimes.

Housing and Sexual Violence: Overview of National Survey (pdf)

added 08/04/2010

"This report provides a summary of key findings and policy recommendations from a national survey on housing and sexual violence. The National Sexual Violence Resource Center partnered with the Victims Rights Law Center, National Sexual Assault Coalition Resource Sharing Project, Louisiana Foundation Against Sexual Assault, University of New Hampshire, and Pennsylvania Community Legal Services to develop and conduct this survey in 2008."

How to obtain U Interim Relief: A Brief Manual for Advocates Assisting Immigrant Victims of Crime (pdf)

added 11/25/2008
Sally Kinoshita, Immigrant Legal Resource Center

This manual provides U Visa information for advocates who assist victims of crime, including domestic violence. The author outlines the definition, requirements, and application process for U Visa Interim relief and also offers information on obtaining permanent residency and derivative status for family members.

How to Write a Letter to the Judge for Victims of Rape, Domestic Violence and Child Abuse

added 07/26/2001

Gives information that should help you write a more effective letter. Provides four examples of different kinds of letters you as a victim or victim advocate, may want to write to the judge in the criminal case. Also available in Spanish.

Human Rights Brief

added 05/20/2000

The Human Rights Brief, a student-run publication of the Center for Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, reports on developments in international human rights and humanitarian law and provides concise legal analysis of cutting edge human rights issues.

Immigrant Women and Sexual Violence

added 10/02/2009

A collection of documents that highlight the common experiences of immigrant women who are victims of sexual violence, the legal protections and public benefits available, and practices and suggestions for increasing the effectiveness of services provided to immigrant women. Also included are resources and tools for immigrant women and service providers who assist them, such as advocates, lawyers, and medical professionals.

Immigration Relief for Crime Victims: The U Visa Manual (pdf)

added 03/03/2010

"This manual aims to provide guidance to lawyers on issues that arise in the context of representing U visa applicants. It is designed for practitioners who are familiar with basic immigration terms and legal concepts."

Improving Judicial Response to Sexual Harassment in the Courtroom (word)

added 03/11/2009
The Advocates for Human Rights

This module is intended for judges, court personnel, and other legal professionals to strategize about improving the judicial response to sexual harassment in the courtroom and in their profession generally.

Information on the Legal Rights Available to Immigrant Victims of Domestic Violence in the United States and Facts about Immigrating on a Marriage-Based Visa

added 11/23/2010
U.S Citizenship and Immigration Services

As part of the International Marriage Broker Regulation Act, the US Citizenship and Immigration Services has released this fact sheet to provide immigrating foreign brides (and other marriage-based visa applicants) with potentially life-saving information about rights and resources available to them in the United States if they are abused.

Insecurity and Indignity: Women's experiences in the slums of Nairobi, Kenya (pdf)

added 08/11/2010

"A report documenting women’s experiences living in Kenyan slums. It states that women and girls in Nairobi's slums live under the constant threat of sexual violence. Violence against women is rarely prosecuted, creating a hostile living environment for women and girls. Amnesty urges the Kenyan government to address gendered violence and guarantee safe access to water and sanitation."

Introducing Expert Testimony to Explain Victim Behavior in Sexual and Domestic Violence Prosecutions

added 12/12/2007
Jennifer G. Long

"This monograph sets forth recommended practices for addressing victims behavior in a sexual or domestic violence prosecution, and providing an accurate context in which a jury can evaluate a victim's behavior."

It's All One Curriculum: Guidelines and Activities For A Unified Approach to Sexuality, Gender, HIV, and Human Rights Education (pdf)

added 06/03/2010

"This guide provides information on developing gender literate sexuality education designed for policymakers, curriculum developers, and educators in order to develop sexuality/HIV education materials that also teach critical thinking about gender norms and roles. "
Link to Guidelines
Link to Activities

Justice Denied: The experiences of 100 torture surviving women of seeking justice and rehabilitation (pdf)

added 01/20/2010

"This report analyzed the experiences of 100 women from 24 countries who settled in the United Kingdom after surviving torture. The report stated that almost all of the women studied had experienced at least one incident of rape or sexual assault. The vast majority were unable to find help when they sought redress and could not access legal aid or the necessary healthcare. "

Kenyan Laws and Harmful Customs Curtail Women’s Equal Enjoyment of ICESCR Rights (pdf)

added 02/25/2009
Federation of Women Lawyers - Kenya (FIDA-Kenya) and the International Women’s Human Rights Clinic, Georgetown University Law Center

"The Federation of Women Lawyers Kenya (FIDA Kenya) and the International Women’s Human Rights Clinic (IWHRC) at Georgetown University released this report as a supplement to Kenya’s latest periodic report under the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR). The report finds that Kenyan laws and practices prevent women from attaining economic, social and cultural Rights."

Know Your Rights: For Victims of Rape, Domestic Violence and Child Abuse

added 06/12/2002

Based on California law, this indexed document provides summaries, full legal texts, and notes, on seven key victims' rights for victims of rape, domestic violence, and child abuse. Accompanying the discussion of each right is a section on what to do if the right is violated by officials. The English language document is linked to the full Spanish translation of the same document.

Legal Tools for Survivors of Sexual Assault

added 03/25/2011
Claire Harwell, J.D.

This article addresses legal issues that might be helpful to survivors of sexual assault and their loved ones. The goal is to provide useful information on available options to aid in the process of recovery from trauma.

Little Children Are Sacred: Exploring Accountability to Australia's Aboriginal Children

added 07/13/2010

This collection explores accountability to aboriginal children in the Northern Territory of Australia through a critical analysis of government action (and inaction) - presented generally as its follow-up to recommendations in the Little Children are Sacred report of 2007 - and a review of the community-based response to the government interventions.

Making Sense of Rape In America: Where Do the Numbers Come From and What Do They Mean? (pdf)

added 03/21/2005
Dean G. Kilpatrick, Ph.D. and Kenneth J. Ruggiero, Ph.D.

This paper assists public policy officials, health care professionals, and other pertinent professionals in understanding how rape in America is measured, what the numbers mean, and the limitations of existing research.

Male Ordered: The Mail-Order Bride Industry and Trafficking in Women for Sexual and Labour Exploitation (pdf)

added 05/15/2009

"This report provides extensive research of the mail-order bride industry in the United Kingdom. The industry is linked to the promotion of trafficking, prostitution, pornography and slavery. The report suggests that this industry not only exploits vulnerable groups of women but also reinforces racial and ethnic stereotypes. Recommendations are given on what the government can do to further protect women."

Male Survivors of Sexual Assault and Rape (pdf)

added 07/07/2008
Sarah Crome, Australian Centre for the Study of Sexual Assault

"This document provides an overview of the research on male survivors of sexual assault and takes a closer look at the role that communities have in addressing this issue."

Managing Adult Sex Offenders in the Community

added 01/10/2006
National Institute of Justice

This report details the results of a national telephone survey identifying how probation and parole agencies managed adult sex offenders and a description of a model management process for containing sex offenders serving community sentences.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Mexico: Amnesty International Submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review

added 04/15/2009

An Amnesty International report submitted to the United Nations Human Rights Council in February 2009. The report highlighted problems in the area of violence against women, in particular, the prevalence of domestic violence in Mexico and the femicides in Ciudad Juarez along the U.S.-Mexican border.

No Easy Answers: Sex Offender Laws in the US

added 12/12/2007
Human Rights Watch

"This report takes an in-depth look into the current sex offender laws in the US and offers a critique of such laws as well as recommendations and model programs."

No Free Pass to Harass: Protecting the Rights of Undocumented Immigrant Women Workers in Sexual Harassment Cases (pdf)

added 01/30/2008
ACLU Women’s Rights Project

"In partnership with the National Employment Law Project, the ACLU Women’s Rights Project is pleased to introduce a litigation guide entitled No Free Pass to Harass: Protecting the Rights of Undocumented Immigrant Women Workers in Sexual Harassment Cases."

Not a Minute More: Ending Violence Against Women (pdf)

added 05/24/2004
United Nations Development Fund for Women

This report highlights many of the achievements towards the empowerment of women and indicates what must be done to build on them. It provides examples of practices as well as efforts that did not meet the goals set out for them — and explores why. It looks at the challenges ahead and asks what the most fruitful next steps might be.

Nowhere to Hide: Retaliation Against Women in Michigan State Prisons

added 12/16/2003

This report is specifically focused on retaliatory behavior that appeared to be connected to women's roles as plaintiffs in class action suits about the sexual assault of women in prison.

On the Road to Equality: Statewide Findings & Policy Recommendations (pdf)

added 05/25/2010

"A supplement to the Status of Girls in Minnesota report by the Women’s Foundation of Minnesota in partnership with the Institute for Women’s Policy Research. Focus groups were conducted in 18 Minnesota communities that included African American, Latino, Native American, Asian American, LBT (Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender), and disabilities communities — to share key research findings and gain community input. This report captures the voices and policy recommendations of these communities, nonprofit and public leaders."

Options for Reporting Sexual Violence: Developments over the Past Decade

added 06/03/2010
Sabrina Garcia, M.A., and Margaret Henderson, M.P.A.

This article, geared towards law enforcement agencies working with survivors of sexual violence, explores the major changes in policies and procedures around reporting options.

Platform for Action: Towards the Abandonment of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) (pdf)

added 04/07/2009
The Donors Working Group on Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting, UNIFEM

This Platform for Action summarizes the key elements on the programmatic approach to support the abandonment of the FGM/C practice and make a major difference for girls and women worldwide.

Preventing and Responding to Domestic & Sexual Violence in Later Life

added 07/11/2010
Minnesota Center Against Violence and Abuse(MINCAVA), National Sexual Violence Resource Center (NSVRC), and National Resource Center on Domestic Violence (NRCDV)

"This special collection brings together selected materials related to preventing and responding to elder abuse, specifically domestic and sexual violence. It highlights the complexities of older people's DV/SV experiences and emphasizes collaborative and multi-pronged approaches to addressing DV/SV in later life."

Preventing Pregnancy from Sexual Assault: Four Action Strategies to Improve Hospital Policies on Provision of Emergency Contraception (pdf)

added 04/21/2010
National Sexual Violence Resource Center, Education Fund of Family Planning Advocates of NYS and Clara Bell Duval Reproductive Freedom Project of the ACLU of Pennsylvania

"This toolkit provides facts about emergency contraception for rape survivors, tools and strategies to assess the need for increased access, and four strategies to increase access. The four strategies discussed are legislation, administrative efforts, litigation and voluntary efforts. Samples, survivor stories and additional resources are also included."

Preventing violence and reducing its impact: How development agencies can help (pdf)

added 09/09/2009

This document makes the case for increased attention on the impact of violence on development by international development agencies. A key aim is to stimulate dialogue on the role of international development agencies in the prevention of violence globally, and ultimately to increase investment in a commonly agreed set of applied violence prevention strategies. The primary audience for this document is policy-makers, high-level planners, and others in the international development field.

Programming to Address Violence against Women (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

"This is the second volume in a series that focuses on prevention and response tools for violence against women. The publication features eight case studies that highlight initiatives that have proven successful in combating violence against women: Algeria, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe. The UNFPA hopes to support current efforts in the eight case study countries and encourage other countries to take steps toward ending violence against women."

Prosecuting Alcohol-Facilitated Sexual Assault

added 12/12/2007
Teresa P. Scalzo

"This monograph discusses the prosecution of alcohol-facilitated sexual assault (AFSA) with a specific focus on AFSA when the victim is voluntarily intoxicated."

Prosecuting Conflict-Related Sexual Violence at the International Criminal Court (pdf)

added 11/11/2009

"The report assesses the effectiveness of the International Criminal Court (ICC) in reducing acts of sexual violence in armed conflict. The report explores whether the existence of the ICC acts as a deterrent for gender-based violence in conflict situations, and whether perpetrators of sexual violence can be brought to justice under provisions of the Rome Statute specifically addressing gender violence. The report also offers recommendations for improving the ICC’s ability to actually and symbolically reduce violence against women by characterizing gender-based violence in conflict situations as an international war crime."

Prostitution of Children and Child-Sex Tourism: An Analysis of Domestic and International Responses (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Eva J. Klain, JD, of the American Bar Association Center on Children and the Law

"This paper addresses both domestic and international responses to the prostitution of children within the United States and abroad. The author highlights policy and practice issues regarding the legal system and social-service responses to prostituted children."

Raped or “Seduced”? How Language Helps Shape Our Response to Sexual Violence

added 10/28/2013

Legal Momentum released this new model curriculum for judges, advocates, media, and anyone interested in changing the way they speak and write about sexual violence.

The curriculum includes a model PowerPoint presentation with Suggested Commentary which can be adapted to the needs of your audience, and a Faculty Manual.

Rapid Assessment Tool for Sexual & Reproductive Health and HIV Linkages (pdf)

added 04/14/2010
IPPF, UNFPA, WHO, UNAIDS, GNP+, ICW, Young Positives

This adaptable tool can be used to assess linkages betweeen HIV and sexual and reproductive health at the policy, systems and service-delivery levels. It is intended also to identify gaps and ultimately to contribute to the development of country-specific action plans to forge and strengthen these linkages.

Reaching Migrant Farm Workers: A Technical Assistance Bulletin for Sexual Violence Advocates and Counselors (pdf)

added 04/21/2010

"Focused on the farming industry, the bulletin describes the risk factors for sexual violence for migrant workers, barriers to reporting, legal rights and advocacy strategies."

Report Cards on Teen Dating Violence 2008 (pdf)

added 02/06/2008
Break the Cycle

Break the Cycle issued the first-ever state-by-state report cards evaluating the level of legal protection each state offers young victims of domestic and dating violence. The report was issued in conjunction with National Teen Dating Violence Awareness and Prevention Week, February 4-8, 2008.

Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Migrants (pdf)

added 08/15/2009
Jorge Bustamante

The author points out that female children are extremely vulnerable to gender-based violence during migration. Migration is often difficult and dangerous for female children due to “additional restrictions on travel” girls may face due to “male guardianships.” Female children are also vulnerable to human trafficking for sexual exploitation or forced labor during migration. The report concludes with recommendations for policy improvements on migration legislation.

Report on Research on Rape and Violence (pdf)

added 05/14/2008
California Coalition Against Sexual Assault

"This report is a compendium of research on issues related to rape, sexual assault, and violence. While efforts have been made to include research from as many sources as possible, it is inevitable that other valuable sources of research may contain information no included in this report."

Researching Violence Against Women: A Practical Guide for Researchers and Activists

added 06/19/2006

An in depth look at the issue of violence against women as a health issue and suggests tools for using research and developing data assessing this issue.

Resource Guide for Advocates & Attorneys on Interpretation Services for Domestic Violence Victims (pdf)

added 04/23/2010
Chic Dabby and Cannon Han

This document provides guidelines from the Interpretation Technical Assistance and Resource Center that focus on court interpretation for domestic and sexual violence victims with limited English proficiency. These guidelines inform how advocacy, interpretation, and language access can be integrated.

Resources Addressing the Perpetration of Sexual Violence

added 12/06/2009

"This special collection provides resources that address the topics of sex offender risk, assessment, management, treatment, and supervision. In addition, there is a special focus on the policies that have been created in the past decade to help keep our communities safer."

Ruling Offers a New Protection to Victims of Assault in Minnesota (USA)

added 08/15/2009

The Minnesota Supreme Court published a ruling that an individual may now be charged with the serious crime of burglary if they enter their former partner's home to commit a crime, even if they have an ownership interest in the home. This ruling provides a new type of protection for victims who do not have an active order for protection against former partners.

San Diego County Sexual Assault Response Team Standards of Practice (pdf)

added 08/07/2009
San Diego Sexual Assault Response Team

"This manual provides extensive standards of practice for members of interdisciplinary sexual assault response teams. "

Security Council Resolution 1820 on Women, Peace, and Security (pdf)

added 11/29/2011

This is the text of the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1820 which confronts sexual violence in situations of armed conflict. Recognized by this resolution is that the maintenance of international peace and security is not possible with the widespread and systematic use of sexual violence as an instrument of conflict. With this resolution the SC is committed to considering appropriate steps to end such atrocities, punishing perpetrators, and requesting a report from the Secretary General on situations in which sexual violence is being widely or systematically employed against civilians and on strategies for ending the practice.
The link above is to the English version of the resolution. Over 100 other translations can be found here.

Self Assessment Form for Forensic Compliance (word)

added 03/05/2010

A self-assessment tool for communities to evaluate their current practices with respect to medical forensic examinations.

Sex Offender Management Policy in the States: Strengthening Policy and Practice Final Report (pdf)

added 06/03/2010

"This report provides a review of innovative policy options for the management of sexual offenders."

Sex Offenses and Offenders: An Analysis of Data on Rape and Sexual Assault

added 01/13/2006
Lawrence A. Greenfeld, BJS Statistician

This report draws on more than two dozen statistical datasets maintained by the Bureau of Justice Statistics and the Uniform Crime Reporting program of the FBI to provide a comprehensive overview of current knowledge about the incidence and prevalence of violent victimization by sexual assault, the response of the justice system to such crimes, and the characteristics of those who prey on victims of all ages by committing sexual assault or rape.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Sex Trafficking Needs Assessment for the State of Minnesota

added 09/30/2008
The Advocates for Human Rights

This 2008 report, focuses on trafficking for commercial sex exploitation and prostitution, highlights successes in combating sex trafficking and suggests ways to improve responses to this complex problem in Minnesota.

Sexual Assault Benchbook

added 10/23/2002
Michigan Judicial Institute

This book provides Michigan's criminal sexual conduct offenses, research findings on offenders, community resources for victims, special courtroom procedures and other useful resources for legal practitioners.

Sexual Assault Civil Protection Orders by State (pdf)

added 02/17/2010

A chart that lists sexual assault civil protection orders (CPOs) by state.

Sexual Assault in Indian Country: Confronting Sexual Violence (pdf)

added 12/14/2005

This document highlights certain types of sexual assault evidence and presents it within the historical treatment of native populations, jurisdictional problems and prevalence of violence.

Other formats: plaintext

Sexual Assault of Young Children as Reported to Law Enforcement: Victim, Incident, and Offender Characteristics (pdf)

added 05/22/2003
Howard N. Snyder, Ph.D., National Center for Juvenile Justice

Presents findings from the National Incident-Based Reporting System regarding sexual assault, especially young children.

Shattered Lives: Immediate medical care for victims of sexual violence (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

A recently released report depicting the experiences of victims of sexual violence, as well as those who provide immediate care to victims. The report focuses on the individual stories of those who have been sexually assaulted, and those who provide medical, counseling, and other types of support services to victims. Through these stories,the organization hopes to convey the importance of making emergency medical and other services immediately and readily accessible to victims.

Silence is Violence: End the Abuse of Women in Afghanistan (pdf)

added 07/29/2009

A new United Nations (UN) report on women in Afghanistan that focuses on the growing trend of violence and threats against women in public life and rape/sexual violence. The report concludes that these forms of violence are a huge occurrence in the everyday lives of Afghan women and the government has a crucial role in helping to eradicate these harmful practices towards women.

Sisters Speak Out: The Lives and Needs of Prostituted Women in Chicago (pdf)

added 10/08/2002
The Center for Impact Research

This report provides information from interviews with 222 women in prostitution in the Chicago metropolitan area, reflecting their experiences with violence from customers, managers, pimps, and police, substance abuse, homelessness, and physical and mental health problems. The women were located and interviewed by prostitution survivors familiar with the prostitution industry.

Spousal Rape Laws 20 Years Later (pdf)

added 12/05/2001

Report that discusses the history of the spousal rape laws and what is recognized now.

Standards of Practice for Lawyers Representing Victims of Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault and Stalking in Civil Protection Order Cases (pdf)

added 09/24/2009

"These Standards are presented as aspirational guidelines for the operation of legal service providers, pro bono legal service providers, and individual lawyers representing victims of domestic violence, sexual assault and stalking in civil protection order cases."

State Court Processing of Domestic Violence Cases

added 06/11/2008
Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs (February 2008)

"Report on a study comparing domestic violence and non-domestic violence sexual and aggravated assault cases filed in state courts of 15 large urban counties during May 2002 on 11 prosecution, conviction and sentencing outcome measures."

State Legislators: Handbook for Statutory Rape Issues

added 01/06/2006
Noy S. Davis and Jennifer Twombly

This handbook is designed to help State legislators develop effective and enforceable statutory rape laws that can and will be used to prosecute offenders and prevent occurrences of the crime.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

Statutory Rape Known to Law Enforcement

added 10/05/2005
Karyl Troup-Leasure, Ph.D. and Howard N. Snyder, Ph.D.

The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP)presents this four-page Bulletin, which draws on the FBI's National Incident-Based Reporting System to provide a comprehensive view of statutory rape. Deriving its data from reports from law enforcement agencies in 21 states for the period 1996 to 2000, the Bulletin characterizes victim and offender attributes and law enforcement responses to incidents of statutory rape.

Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy (pdf)

added 07/31/2008
Alisa K Lincoln, Jane M Liebschutz, Miriam Chernoff, Dana Nguyen and Hortensia Amaro, BioMed Central (September 2006)

"This article discusses the results of a study and concludes that substance abuse treatment programs should incorporate violence exposure questions into clinical use as a matter of policy."

Other formats: html

Task Force Report on Care for Victims of Sexual Assault (pdf)

added 08/04/2004
US Department of Defense

This report presents the findings of a 90-day review of all sexual assault policies and programs among the Services and Department of Defense. The report identifies 35 key findings relevant to current sexual assault policies and proposes nine broad recommendations for immediate, near-term and long-term corrective action. It recommends changes to increase prevention, promote reporting, enhance the quality and support provided to victims, especially within combat, and improve accountability for offender actions.

Teen Dating Violence: A Review of Risk Factors and Prevention Efforts (pdf)

added 12/15/2005
Maura O'Keefe

This article provides a critical review of the dating violence literature with respect to potential risk factors for both perpetrators and victims and examines the empirical research regarding the effectiveness of prevention and intervention programs targeting teen dating violence. The document also provides recommendations for future research and potential policy implications.

Other formats: html

Template Materials for Anonymous Reporting Protocol

added 05/27/2010

These template materials are designed to help communities implement a multidisciplinary protocol for victims to anonymously report their sexual assault to law enforcement.

Testing Justice The Rape Kit Backlog in Los Angeles City and County (pdf)

added 05/15/2009

"A March 2009 report from Human Rights Watch revealed that 12,669 rape kits containing DNA and other evidence of rapes remain untested in the city and county of Los Angeles, California. The report highlights the nature and scope of the backlog, consequences of untested kits, and responses from professionals."

The Availability and Utility of Interdisciplinary Data on Elder Abuse: A White Paper for the National Center on Elder Abuse (pdf)

added 08/01/2006

This new study commissioned by NCEA highlights data sources on elder abuse in the health care, long term care, criminal justice, fiduciary, and legal services arenas, beyond adult protective services data. Such data are required as a basis for informed and enlightened social policy on the prevention and treatment of elder abuse.

The Effectiveness of Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) Programs

added 10/01/2005
Rebecca Campbell, Ph.D.

This VAWnet document provides a brief summary of the structure and functions of SANE programs as they currently exist in the United States and presents the current research on the effectiveness of SANE programs in three areas: 1) providing care in an empowering setting that addresses survivors’ emotional and medical needs 2) improving the quality of forensic evidence collection relative to the methods traditionally used in hospital emergency departments 3) increasing prosecution rates in their community, due to the meticulous documenting of injuries and physical evidence.

THE EXPOSURE OF YOUTH TO UNWANTED SEXUAL MATERIAL ON THE INTERNET A National Survey of Risk, Impact, and Prevention (pdf)

added 01/07/2009
KIMBERLY J. MITCHELL, DAVID FINKELHOR, JANIS WOLAK

"This national survey of youth, ages 10 to 17, and their caretakers has several implications for the current debate about young people and Internet pornography. Twenty five percent of youth had unwanted exposure to sexual pictures on the Internet in the past year, challenging the prevalent assumption that the problem is primarily about young people motivated to actively seek out pornography. Most youth had no negative reactions to their unwanted exposure, but one quarter said they were very or extremely upset, suggesting a priority need for more research on and interventions directed toward such negative effects. The authors urge that social scientific research be undertaken to inform this highly contentious public policy controversy."

The History of the Violence Against Women Act

added 04/16/2012

Simple timeline of the events and activities leading up to, and since (to 2009), the introduction of the Violence Against Women Act.

The Hofstede Committee Report: Juvenile Prostitution in Minnesota (pdf)

added 08/05/2002
 

This report provides an overview of juvenile prostitution, the sex industry in Minnesota, and efforts to end juvenile prostitution. This report also recommends tougher penalties for people who exploit children and teenagers.

The Impact of Hate Violence on Victims: Emotional and Behavioral Responses to Attacks

added 09/21/2001
Arnold Barnes and Paul H. Ephross

From Social Work, May 1994, pp. 247-251, posted by the National Asssociation of Social Workers. This study explored the nature of hate attacks and victims' responses to them. The sample consisted of 59 victims and included black, white, and Southeast Asian people. Data were obtained through focus group meetings, individual interviews, and questionnaires. More than half of the victims reported experiencing a series of attacks rather than a single attack. Anger, fear, and sadness were the emotional responses most frequently reported by victims. About one-third of the victims reported behavioral responses such as moving from the neighborhood or purchasing a gun. The responses of hate violence victims were similar to those of victims of other types of personal crime. Implications for social work intervention are discussed.

The Response to Sexual Assault: Removing Barriers to Services and Justice (pdf)

added 02/12/2002
Michigan Sexual Assault Systems Response Task Force

Recommendations about best practices (addressing a change in policy, protocol, or response) and legislative or fiscal change in Michigan's services for survivors of sexual assault. 2001 Report.

The Role of the Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner in the Prosecution of Domestic Violence Cases (pdf)

added 02/19/2010
Jenifer Markowitz, ND

"This document examines the basic components of the domestic violence medico-legal examination; the potential for using findings from the medico-legal examination in prosecutions; and the role of the prosecutor and other Sexual Assault Response Team (SART) members in expanding forensic nursing programs to include care of the domestic violence victim."

The Sexual Victimization of College Women (pdf)

added 11/12/2008
Bonnie S. Fisher, Francis T. Cullen, Michael G. Turner, U.S. Department of Justice

Women attending colleges are at greater risk for rape and other forms of sexual assault than the general population or in another comparable age group. The study found that many women do not characterize their sexual victimization as a crime for a number of reasons including blaming themselves.The study reinforces the importance of many organizations’ efforts to improve education and knowledge about sexual assault.

The State of the World's Children 2009 Report

added 03/13/2009

"The State of the World's Children 2009 examines critical issues in maternal and newborn health, underscoring the need to establish a comprehensive continuum of care for mothers, newborns and children. The report outlines the latest paradigms in health programming and policies for mothers and newborns, and explores policies, programmes and partnerships aimed at improving maternal and neonatal health. Africa and Asia are a key focus for this report, which complements the previous year's issue on child survival."

The Use of Expert Witnesses in Cases Involving Sexual Assault

added 04/05/2005

This Violence Against Women Online Resources commissioned document summarizes the existing knowledge on the use of expert witnesses in cases involving sexual assault. The author uses both published literature and contributions provided by numerous experts in the field to discuss the use of expert testimony, the general dynamics of sexual assault, and common reactions of victims in the prosecution of criminal sexual assault cases. Specific information on who, what, when and how to use expert witnesses, along with the effects of expert witnesses on jurors is provided.

Other formats: pdf • plaintext

The Use of Truth-Telling Devices in Sexual Assault Investigations (pdf)

added 10/02/2009

"This guide examines the use of polygraph tests and other truth-telling devices (sometimes called “lie-detector tests”) in sexual assault investigations. This guide examines special issues relevant to using truth-telling devices with sexual assault victims. Legislative and judicial actions that have been taken as a result of this debate will also be discussed. Victim advocates, law enforcement officers, and policy makers may use this guide to develop policies, practices, and procedures and to improve collaborations regarding the use of truth-telling devices as the VAWA 2005 provision is adopted across the United States."

The Uses And Impacts Of Medico-Legal Evidence In Sexual Assault Cases: A Global Review

added 06/11/2008
The Sexual Violence Research Initiative (2007)

"The review outlines the historical and contemporary medico-legal responses to sexual assault victims, broadly describing the professionals, protocols and procedures involved in the collection and processing of medico-legal evidence."

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Manual on the preparation, filing and processing of applications pursuant to the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA). Also includes detailed information on Special Immigrant Juvenile Status for Children Under Juvenile Court Jurisdiction, and U and T Non-Immigrant Visas (Victims of Crime and Trafficking). A good resource for advocates and legal professionals working with these victims.
This document takes some time to download, especially with a slow connection.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 1-100 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 101-200 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 201-300 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants, Index of Appendices 301-380 (pdf)

added 11/26/2008
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. & Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Contains a list of appendices in connection with The VAWA Manual: Immigration Relief for Abused Immigrants.

The Violence Against Women Act and Its Impact on Sexual Violence Public Policy: Looking Back and Looking Forward (pdf)

added 06/16/2005
Kristen J. Roe

This document is a historical examination of the first ten years of the Violence Against Women Act, with an emphasis on current gaps in public policy related to sexual violence. The paper provides policy recommendations for strengthening the Act's response to victims of sexual violence, including core services for victims.

Together We Must! End Violence against Women and Girls and HIV & AIDS (pdf)

added 12/17/2009
Jacqui Patterson, with contributions from Nazneen Damji, Deborah McKinney, Neelanjana Mukhia, Everjoice Win and Jenny Drezin

"This document represents an initial effort to draw attention to the knowledge, institutional capacity and resources needed to comprehensively address the intersection between HIV & AIDS and VAWG. The aim is to stimulate debate and collaboration among practitioners and advocates around how to identify and promote effective prevention policies and practices that can be adapted to various contexts."

Trafficking and Forced Prostitution of Palestinian Women and Girls: Forms of Modern Day Slavery

added 12/17/2009
SAWA – All the Women Together Today and Tomorrow

"The first, in-depth study of its kind within the region that digs deeper to unravel the layers of this type of abuse. The paper analyzes six case studies — two on fathers selling their daughters, three on traffickers and one on a woman working in prostitution. It assesses and measures the extent of women trafficking in the Palestinian region in order to call on civil society organizations and Palestinian governmental institutions to take urgent and concrete actions against this human rights violation."

Other formats: pdf

Trafficking in Persons Report 2009 (pdf)

added 06/23/2009

"The ninth annual report seeks to increase global awareness of the human trafficking phenomenon by shedding new light on various facets of the problem and highlighting shared and individual efforts of the international community, and to encourage foreign governments to take effective action against all forms of trafficking in persons."

Trafficking in Women: Moldova and Ukraine (pdf)

added 03/05/2003

This document explores the trafficking of women for the commercial sex industry as a human rights violation in both Moldova and Ukraine. The report analyzes the mechanisms of trafficking in both countries and the NGO and governmental response to the problem, including information on Moldovan and Ukrainian law. The report also addresses the obligations of the Moldovan and Ukrainian government under international law. 2000

Training Bulletin: Does it violate a patient’s privacy rights when a health care provider calls out a victim advocate? (pdf)

added 01/23/2013

Health care professionals and others have asked whether routine notification of advocates violates the privacy protections outlined in HIPAA (the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996). This bulletin seeks to respond to this important question with the input of experts, legal information and recommendations.

Transforming Communities to Prevent Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation: A Primary Prevention Approach (pdf)

added 09/25/2009

"This policy brief presents the distilled research and critical thinking of a diverse group of local and national experts in the field of child sexual abuse and exploitation. Via candid dialog and interviews, these leaders developed and prioritized primary prevention strategies, analyzed environmental factors and norms that perpetuate these problems, and outlined policies and practices for transforming our communities and our nation during these turbulent political and economic times."

Turning the Tide: CEDAW and the Gender Dimensions of HIV/AIDS Pandemic

added 03/25/2003
United Nations Development Fund for Women

This publication discusses different aspects of the HIV/AIDS pandemic for which CEDAW has special relevance. For example, gender-based violence and sexual exploitation, access to health services, gender inequality and safer sex, and issues of care and care-giving.

Understanding DNA Evidence: A Guide for Victim Service Providers

added 08/07/2009
Kathryn M.Turman

"Forensic DNA technology is revolutionizing the way law enforcement officers investigate violent crimes, including crime scene investigation, counseling rape victims to not wash away critical evidence, accurate conviction of offenders, and connecting offenders to other brutal crimes. This 12-page document examines the uses of DNA, evidence collection and preservation, testing methods and interpretation of test results and post conviction for DNA testing. A glossary of terms and a reference / resource list are also included. "

UNIFEM Annual Report 2004/2005 (pdf)

added 08/23/2005
 

The Annual Report documents UNIFEM's work to foster women's empowerment and gender equality around the world. It highlights some of the organization's initiatives during the year 2004–2005, among which were initiatives in promoting women's political participation and leadership in post-conflict situations, easing the burden of HIV/AIDS on women, promoting women's right to own land, and supporting the creation and implementation of gender-responsive budgets.

UNiTE to End Violence against Women: The Framework for Action (pdf)

added 05/15/2009

"The overall objective is raising public awareness and increasing political will and resources for preventing and responding to all forms of violence against women and girls – in all parts of the world. The Framework for Action provides an overall “umbrella” for the efforts to be undertaken at global, regional, national and local levels. It identifies five key outcomes as benchmarks for the Campaign, to be achieved in all countries by 2015, and outlines a UN Programme of Activities and expected Outputs."

Victims' Economic Security and Safety Act (pdf)

added 01/09/2006

VESSA provides unpaid leave, eligibility for unemployment insurance, and protection from employment and insurance discrimination for victims of domestic and sexual violence.

Violence Against Native Women: A Guide for Practitioner Action (pdf)

added 03/12/2010
Shelby Settles Harper (Caddo Nation) and Christina Marie Entrekin (Oneida)

This paper is intended to serve as a guide to practitioners who represent Native women who are the victims of domestic and sexual violence. It is dedicated to the brave Native women whose faces are behind the horrifying statistics. Includes practice tips for law enforcement, tribal leaders, judges, advocates, attorneys, prosecutors, and probation/parole officers.

Violence Against Women in Vietnam (pdf)

added 04/06/2007

This report was prepared for the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW). The report draws attention to the lack of ways for the victims of violence obtain reparation and identify the mechanisms guaranteeing the impunity of torturers.

Violence by Intimates: Analysis of Data on Crimes by Current or Former Spouses, Boyfriends and Girlfriends (pdf)

added 07/07/2008
US Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics

"Compiles some U.S. BJS and FBI data on violence between people who have an intimate relationship: spouses, ex-spouses, and current and former boyfriends and girlfriends. Includes violent crimes of murder, rape, sexual assault, and simple assault."

Violence in Families: Assessing Prevention and Treatment Programs

added 08/01/2006
Rosemary Chalk and Patricia A. King, Eds.

This is a full-text online book made available courtesy of The National Academies Press. This important book, published in 1998, details out chapter by chapter the different types of interventions to be utilized by different types of professionals, as well as makes recommendations.

Violence, Pregnancy and Abortion: Issues of Women's Rights and Public Health (pdf)

added 09/09/2003
Maria de Bruyn

The second edition of this monograph reviews worldwide data on the the relationship between violence, pregnancy and abortion and suggests measures different sectors of society can take to reduce the suffering of women and girls, and to ensure their basic human right to be free from violence.

Voting as a Form of Empowerment : A Technical Assistance Bulletin for Sexual Assault Counselors and Advocates (pdf)

added 04/21/2010

"This bulletin provides information on how advocates can assist survivors of sexual violence to connect with larger communities and have a larger voice in the policy decisions that impact their lives. "

Walking A Tightrope: Balancing Victim Privacy and Offender Accountability in Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault Prosecutions, Part 1 (pdf)

added 06/10/2013
Viktoria Kristiansson, JD

This article is Part I of a two-part series addressing two types of victim privacy laws – confidentiality and privilege. Part I provides an overview of confidentiality laws in order to assist prosecutors in effectively balancing offender accountability with the safety needs and expectations of victims during criminal investigations and prosecutions. Part II of the series provides a discussion of common privileges and the scenarios in which conflicts with these privileges may arise. Part II also provides prosecutors with strategies to protect privileges when the privacy interests of victims might outweigh the need to disclose privileged information.
Link to Part II Here

Walking A Tightrope: Balancing Victim Privacy and Offender Accountability in Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault Prosecutions, Part II (pdf)

added 06/10/2013
Viktoria Kristiansson, JD

This article is Part II of a two-part series addressing two types of victim privacy laws – confidentiality and privilege. Part I provides an overview of confidentiality laws in order to assist prosecutors in effectively balancing offender accountability with the safety needs and expectations of victims during criminal investigations and prosecutions. Part II of the series provides a discussion of common privileges and the scenarios in which conflicts with these privileges may arise. Part II also provides prosecutors with strategies to protect privileges when the privacy interests of victims might outweigh the need to disclose privileged information.
Link to Part I Here

What College Men Should Know About Sexual Assault, Rape and Sexual Battery (pdf)

added 08/07/2009
The San Diego Police Department

The San Diego Police Department created brochures for college men and women, in cooperation with Rana Sampson of Community Policing Associates. The brochures present various scenarios and then pose the question, "Is it rape?" Clear answers are provided for each scenario, based on California state laws. The brochure for men lists specific penalties they could face if they get one answer wrong. The materials can be useful in engaging students in dialogue, comparing their perceptions of what rape is against the legal system.

What College Women Should Know About Sexual Assault, Rape and Sexual Battery (pdf)

added 08/07/2009
The San Diego Police Department

"The San Diego Police Department created brochures for college men and women, in cooperation with Rana Sampson of Community Policing Associates. The brochures present various scenarios and then pose the question, "Is it rape?" Clear answers are provided for each scenario, based on California state laws. The brochure for men lists specific penalties they could face if they get one answer wrong. The materials can be useful in engaging students in dialogue, comparing their perceptions of what rape is against the legal system. "

With an End in Sight (pdf)

added 04/07/2009
Cheywa Spindel, Elisa Levy, Melissa Connor, UNIFEM

"With an End in Sight" narrates inspiring stories showing how groups of people are moving ahead and creating new ideas to combat violence against women. It provides knowledge, insight and hope of how violence against women can be eliminated with combined effort, compelling advocacy, and wide-reaching education.

Women and Health: Today’s Evidence, Tomorrow’s Agenda (pdf)

added 04/30/2010

"This report reviews evidence on the health issues that particularly affect girls and women throughout their life course. This report uses currently available data to draw attention to the consequences and costs of failing to address health issues at appropriate points in their lives."

Women Building Peace and Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict-Affected Contexts: A Review of Community-Based Approaches (pdf)

added 04/22/2009
Annalise Moser, UNIFEM

This study was developed to inform programming and advocacy within the context of UNIFEM programming, and builds on country-level visits conducted in early 2007. The study looks at five areas of intervention: peacebuilding and conflict resolution initiatives, reconciliation mechanisms, increasing access to justice, access to support services, and conflict monitoring systems. These sections examine the barriers women face and highlights examples of women’s successful engagement in peacebuilding at the community level.

Women in Mongolia: Mapping Progress under Transition

added 04/07/2009
Nalini Burn, Oyuntsetseg Oidov, UNIFEM

This publication tells of Mongolian women's experiences in the context of the political and economic transformation of their country. It shares reports of women encouraged to bear many children, inadequate health care or resources, and high rates of maternal mortality. Recommendations informed through case studies are presented for improving their social and economic status and increasing their political participation.

Women's Human Rights: A Fact Sheet (pdf)

added 12/16/2003
Amnesty International

This factsheet outlines women's human rights violations and the obligation states have to protect those rights.

Working to End Violence Against Women in Brazil

added 07/13/2010

"This VAWnet special collection highlights and celebrates the tremendous work being done in Brazil to end violence against women. The selected materials and resources provide a snapshot of the magnitude of the problem and highlight various recommendations for public policy as well as opportunities for community involvement and action."

Zero Tolerance: Stop the Violence Against Women and Children, Stop HIV/AIDS (pdf)

added 08/22/2006
Global AIDS Alliance

Violence is linked to HIV. Women who have experienced violence may be up to three times more likely to acquire HIV. In addition to behavioral risk factors, there are direct consequences of unprotected forced or coerced sex, and this is compounded by global HIV/AIDS policies that fail to take seriously the realities facing women and girls. Fear of violence can prevent women from seeking VCT, disclosing their serostatus, and receiving treatment when it is needed.


LGBTQ

Anti-Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender National Hate Crimes Report in 2005 (pdf)

added 12/01/2006

Discusses hate crimes of violence towards the lesbian, gay, transgender, and bisexual communities.

Anti-Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Violence in 2004 (pdf)

added 05/05/2005
National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs

This report is about bias related incidents targeting lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender individuals in the US.

Born Free and Equal: Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in International Human Rights Law (pdf)

added 09/17/2012
United Nations, Human Rights, Office of the High Commissioner

This resource sets out the source and scope of some of the core legal obligations that States have to protect the human rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people. The 60-page booklet is designed as a tool for States, to help them better understand the nature of their obligations and the steps required to meet them, as well as for civil society activists, human rights defenders and others seeking to hold Governments to account for breaches of international human rights law.

Culturally Competent Service Provision to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Survivors of Sexual Violence (pdf)

added 10/02/2009
Sabrina Gentlewarrior with contributions from Kim Fountain

"This Applied Research paper provides a review of the research focusing on LGBT survivors of sexual trauma and offers recommendations for culturally competent service provision to LGBT clients."

Extent, Nature, and Consequences of Intimate Partner Violence (pdf)

added 08/04/2008
Patricia Tjaden and Nancy Thoennes, U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs (July 2000)

"Presents findings from the NVAW Survey on the extent, nature, and consequences of IPV in the US. The survey compares victimization rates among women and men, specific racial groups, Hispanics and non-Hispanics, and same-sex and opposite-sex cohabitants. "

LGBTQ Detainees Chief Targets for Sexual Abuse in Detention (pdf)

added 12/18/2009

"This short fact sheet talks about how sexual abuse of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) inmates constitutes one of the most rampant and ignored human rights violations in the U.S. today."

LGBTQ Language for Advocates, Counselors, and Practitioners in the Anti-Sexual Violence Movement: FAQ's (pdf)

added 06/01/2012
Pennsylvania Coalition Against Rape

This resource addresses commonly asked questions related to language used when working with, reaching out to, and establishing affirming spaces for individuals who identify as LGBTQ. Responses and guidance were provided by practitioners working to further the LGBQT movements.

More Than A Name: State Sponsored Homophobia and Its Consequences in Southern Africa (pdf)

added 02/23/2004
Human Rights Watch and The International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission

This report evaluates the effects of State-sponsored homophobia on the human rights of sexual and gender minorities in Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey: Special Report on the 2010 Findings on Victimization by Sexual Orientation (pdf)

added 02/06/2013
Walters, M.L., Chen J., & Breiding, M.J. for the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS) is an ongoing, nationally representative survey that collects information about experiences of sexual violence and stalking by any perpetrator and intimate partner violence among English and/or Spanish-speaking women and men aged 18 years or older in the United States. This report presents information based on respondents’ self-reported sexual orientation and their lifetime victimization experiences of sexual violence, stalking, and violence by an intimate partner. The indings in this report are for 2010, the irst year of NISVS data collection, and are based on complete interviews.

On the Road to Equality: Statewide Findings & Policy Recommendations (pdf)

added 05/25/2010

"A supplement to the Status of Girls in Minnesota report by the Women’s Foundation of Minnesota in partnership with the Institute for Women’s Policy Research. Focus groups were conducted in 18 Minnesota communities that included African American, Latino, Native American, Asian American, LBT (Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender), and disabilities communities — to share key research findings and gain community input. This report captures the voices and policy recommendations of these communities, nonprofit and public leaders."

Report on Research on Rape and Violence (pdf)

added 05/14/2008
California Coalition Against Sexual Assault

"This report is a compendium of research on issues related to rape, sexual assault, and violence. While efforts have been made to include research from as many sources as possible, it is inevitable that other valuable sources of research may contain information no included in this report."

Sexual Orientation and Human Rights in the Americas (pdf)

added 03/12/2004
Andrew Reding

This document highlights the human rights violations (institutional and individual) of sexual minorities in the Americas.

Understanding the Transgendered Community: A Technical Assistance Bulletin for Sexual Assault Counselors and Advocates (pdf)

added 04/21/2010

"This bulletin provides information on violence in the lives of the transgender community and guidelines for outreach."

VAWnet Special Collection: Sexual Violence in Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Intersex, or Queer (LGBTIQ) Communities

added 12/09/2011

This resource from VAWnet.org provides a wealth of information and resources especially relevant to LGBTIQ individuals, as well as straight allies and professionals. Resources address the issue of sexual violence in LGBTIQ communities, relationships, and the impact on society.

Who Are Transgender People? Transgender Basics for Victim Service Providers

added 08/31/2012

From FORGE, this informational sheet provides terms and definitions on gender identity and expression for victim-service professionals.

Why It Matters: Rethinking Victim Assistance for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer Victims of Hate Violence and Intimate Partner Violence

added 03/27/2010
The National Center for Victims of Crime and the National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs

/*Not available 7/17/12 "This report, the product of a 2009 survey of victim assistance providers and LGBTQ anti-violence programs throughout the United States, describes widespread gaps in victim services for LGBTQ victims of crime and recommends steps to improve both the services and their accessibility."


Manuals/Guides/Reports

A Prosecutor's Resource:Medical Evidence and the Role of Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners in Cases Involving Adult Victims (pdf)

added 02/01/2011

This publication serves as a handbook for prosecutors working with medical evidence and Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners (SANE) in cases of violence against adult victims of sexual assault. This monograph provides prosecutors with an understanding of how SANEs focused on patient care and appropriate support services and referrals, rather than a specific investigative agenda can positively impact victim engagement in the criminal prosecution of their perpetrator. A glossary of commonly used terms used in medical examination reports is also included.

Building Academic Capacity and Expertise in the Health Effects of Violence and Abuse (pdf)

added 07/17/2008
Mitchell C, Block R, Christensen M, Ettinger, B, Ismailji T, Kelley S, McCollum D, Mouton C.

This report was created from the Proceedings from a Pre-Conference Symposium at the Family Violence Prevention Fund which offers a blueprint on advancing professional health education from a perspective on the health effects on violence and abuse.

'I am at the lowest end of all' : Rural women living with HIV face human rights abuses in South Africa

added 06/11/2008
Amnesty International (AI) (March 2008)

"This report provides an analysis of patterns of human rights abuses against women who are exposed to the risk of or are already living with HIV in rural contexts of widespread poverty and unemployment."

'I can't afford justice': Violence against women in Uganda continues unchecked and unpunished (pdf)

added 06/08/2010

An Amnesty International Report that documents obstacles to justice in cases of rape and sexual violence against women in Uganda. The report found that the society’s strong adherence to traditional values impedes the enforcement of progressive laws. The report concludes with legal policy recommendations to better meet the needs of victims.

15 Years of the United Nations Rapporteur on Violence against Women, Its Causes and Consequences (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

This report reviews the status of violence against women as researched in 14 annual reports, 32 country mission reports, and 11 communication reports published as recently as December 2008. The report focuses on reproductive health and rights, poverty, migration, internally displaced persons (IDPs), women refugees, trafficking, aging, and adolescent girls. It also highlights how the mandate on violence against women has changed, what has been learned, and problems still to be addressed.

2009 Annual Report on Sexual Assault in the Military (pdf)

added 03/31/2010

"This report discusses improvements to Sexual Assault Prevention and Response (SAPR) policy and programs, provides statistics and analysis of reported sexual assaults, and outlines plans to enhance support to victims and prevent the crime."

A Distinction Without a Difference: Why the Minnesota Supreme Court should overrule its precedent precluding the admission of helpful expert testimony in adult victim sexual assault cases. (pdf)

added 12/19/2011
Kaarin Long, Caroline Palmer, & Sara G. Thome

Law review article on the use of expert testimony in adult victim sexual assault cases.

A Guide for Mothers, Grandmothers, and Others for Helping a Girl Caught in Prostitution or Sex Trafficking

added 01/15/2010

An online bilingual guide in English and Spanish for helping a girl caught in prostitution or sex trafficking. The guide includes warning signs, resources, how to get help from the justice system, what to do if the girl is arrested, what to do if the girl is found deceased and more. The guide is based on the view that mothers, grandmothers, and others close to prostituted girls have been a neglected, yet powerful resource in the fight to end sexual exploitation. The guide seeks to give them the tools they need.

A Guide to Addressing Teen Dating Violence and Sexual Assault in a School Setting (pdf)

added 06/11/2008
Peace Over Violence with assistance from the California Women's Law Center for the Crime and Violence Prevention Center, California Attorney General's Office (February 2008)

"This guide details schools' responsibility to take a leadership role to prevent and respond to teen dating and sexual violence in schools and in the community. While the information is specific to California, much can be applied nationally."

A Practical Guide for Creating Trauma-Informed Disability, Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault Organizations (pdf)

added 11/12/2012

This resource was designed to highlight and explore effective trauma-informed conditions or core values that victims, survivors and people with disabilities are finding essential for safety and healing. This document is a guide, not a manual. It is designed to lead readers on a journey of exploration into the context of these conditions to promote dialogue and understanding, and spur implementation of strategies for domestic violence, sexual assault and disability organizations to become more trauma-informed.

A Response to the Abuse of Vulnerable Adults (pdf)

added 02/10/2006
National Center on Elder Abuse

This report is the result of a 2000 survey of state adult protective services conducted by the National Association of Adult Protective Services Administrators.

A Safer Campus: A Guidebook for Prevention and Response to Sexual and Intimate Partner Violence and Stalking for Ohio Campuses (pdf)

added 08/23/2010

"This guidebook identifies key best practices to prevent and respond to sexual and intimate partner violence and stalking. It also provides short and long term action recommendations for colleges and universities to implement in four focused areas: preparedness, prevention, response and recovery."

Achieving Equity for Women: Policy Alternatives for the New Administration Symposium Report (pdf)

added 05/25/2010
Institute for Women’s Policy Research and Wellesley Centers for Women

"This report summarizes the policy research symposium convened by the Institute for Women’s Policy Research and the Wellesley Centers for Women, held in Washington, DC on April 2, 2009. The symposium highlighted four policy areas in which public policy can work to improve the status of women in the United States: women and economic recovery; retirement, social security and aging; quality early care and education; and women and health care reform."

Additional Scripts for Clinic Assessment (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

This document is created for healthcare professionals and provides a series of scripted questions and responses when working with victims of violence. The information is intended to help communicate all the information needed to give to a patient as well as responding to immediate safety issues and making referrals.

Addressing Conflict-Related Sexual Violence – An Analytical Inventory of Peacekeeping Practice (pdf)

added 07/25/2010
UNIFEM, United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations, UN Action against Sexual Violence in Conflict

"This document captures best practices and emerging elements for a more effective response by peacekeepers to women’s security concerns and catalogues direct and indirect efforts to combat sexual violence during and in the wake of war."

Addressing Gender-based Violence: UNFPA Strategy and Framework for Action (pdf)

added 03/11/2009

This report, grounded in UNFPA's overarching goal of eliminating violence against women and girls, identifies particular areas where action is most urgently needed and proposes general policy frameworks for combating gender-based violence.

Addressing the Intersection: Preventing Violence and Promoting Healthy Eating and Active Living (pdf)

added 06/07/2010

"This document provides an explanation of the inter-relationship between violence and healthy eating and activity. The findings and recommendations offered in this paper can support practitioners and advocates in their work to prevent chronic disease in communities heavily impacted by violence. "

Advancing the Nation's Health: A Guide to Public Health Research Needs, 2006-2015 (pdf)

added 07/07/2008
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

"This guide is meant to serve as a critical resource for research areas that should be addressed during the next decade by CDC and its partners in response to current and future public health needs and events."

AIDS Accountability Scorecard on Women 2009 (pdf)

added 04/30/2010

"The first ever global scorecard analyzing country responses to the specific needs and vulnerabilities of women in the context of the AIDS epidemic. This independent assessment, developed through a comprehensive consultative process with global health experts and civil society representatives from across the world, evaluates data that all governments provide as part of the 2001 United Nations Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS."

American Indians and Crime (pdf)

added 07/07/2008
Lawrence Greenfield and Steven Smith, U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics

"Reports rates and characteristics of violent crimes experienced by Native Americans and summarizes data on Native Americans in the criminal justice system."

American Indians and Crime: A BJS Statistical Profile, 1992-2002 (pdf)

added 09/18/2009
Steven W. Perry, BJS Statistician

"A summary of data on American Indians in the criminal justice system and reports the rates and characteristics of violent crimes experienced by American Indians. This report updates a previous BJS report, American Indians and Crime, published in 1999. The findings include the involvement of alcohol, drugs, and weapons in violence against Indians. The report describes victim-offender relationships, the race of those involved in violence against Indians, and the rate of reporting to police by victims. It discusses the rates of arrest, suspect investigations and charges filed, and incarceration of Indians for violent crimes."

An End to Silence: Prisoners’ Handbook on Identifying and Addressing Sexual Misconduct (pdf)

added 06/16/2005
Brenda Smith

This report addresses staff sexual misconduct to against all inmates; both female and male. The report explores the ways to identify staff sexual misconduct, effects of sexual conducts to the victims, and the steps to address the issue.

Annual Report on Sexual Harassment and Violence at the Military Service Academies 2010-2011 (pdf)

added 02/01/2011
Department of Defense

The annual report provides data and analysis on reported cases of sexual harassment and violence involving Academy personnel between June 1, 2010 and May 31, 2011. It also outlines progress made in prevention and response activities.

Asian, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander Victims of Crime (pdf)

added 09/18/2009
Erika Harrell, Ph.D., BJS Statistician

"This report focuses on the victimization experiences of Asians, Native Hawaiians, and other Pacific Islanders in the United States. It examines nonfatal and fatal violent victimization and property victimization. It also includes comparisons between the victimization of Asians, Native Hawaiians, and other Pacific Islanders and other racial or ethnic groups, as well as information on victimization trends."

Assault Advocacy Guide: An Advocate's Guide to Sexual Assault Policy

added 06/11/2008
National Alliance to End Sexual Violence (NAESV) (2008)

"This manual contains a variety of information around understanding the federal legislative process, including action tools such as tips for meeting with your legislator."

Assessing for Reproductive Coercion: Suggestions for Violence Screening in Reproductive Health Settings (pdf)

added 10/22/2008
Family Violence Prevention Fund

Offers information to health care providers and counselors on the importance of screening for reproductive coercion. Also offers a framework for assessing and responding to sensitive reproductive information.

Beyond 'Drink Spiking': Drug and Alcohol Facilitated Sexual Assault (pdf)

added 07/07/2008
Alexandra Neame, Australian Institute of Family Studies

"This report from Australia focuses on the issue of drug-facilitated sexual assault and "drink spiking", and the fact that it is problematic to overlook the real issues related to sexual assault, alcohol comsumption, and victim-blaming."

Beyond Child Labour, Affirming Rights (pdf)

added 03/18/2009

Beyond Child Labour shows how UNICEF and its major partners are working to end child labour, a cause of poverty.

Breaking the Links Between Poverty and Violence against Women: A Resource Guide (pdf)

added 05/27/2009

"This resource guide explores the ways in which poverty and violence are linked. It acknowledges the efforts of women’s groups, community organizations and service agencies that support low-income women to take control of and deal with the poverty and violence in their lives. Another area of focus is to inspire community-based groups to take action on poverty and violence issues by providing practical examples of what others are doing."

Breaking Through the Silence: Key Issues and Recommendations to Address HIV/AIDS Among AAs and NHPIs in the U.S. (pdf)

added 08/23/2010

This document aims to serve as a policy tool for health departments, community based organizations, community partners, and policy makers interested in the health of Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander communities.

Building Cultures Of Care: A Guide for Sexual Assault Services Programs (pdf)

added 10/03/2013
National Sexual Violence Resource Center

This guide provides information to support sexual assault services programs in strengthening their organizational and individual responses to survivors of sexual violence through the use of a trauma-informed approach. It provides an overview of the core principles of trauma-informed care and guiding points and questions to help organizations build cultures grounded in the philosophy of trauma-informed service delivery.

Cambodia: Exodus to the Sex Trade? (pdf)

added 08/15/2009

"This report suggests that the global financial crisis has led to an increase of women entering the sex trafficking industry in Cambodia. Women said they entered the sex trafficking industry mostly because of “difficult family circumstances,” and because they thought they could “easily earn a lot of money, in good working conditions." In order to combat this new trend, the report recommends strengthening social safety nets, linking women seeking jobs with alternative job placement assistance, targeted awareness raising and specific information outreach on accessing social services and how to utilize safer sources of loans and credit."

Case Closed: Rape and Human Rights in the Nordic Countries Summary Report (pdf)

added 04/14/2010

"A report analyzing the legal framework for handling rape cases in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. The report recommends legislative changes for each country’s rape laws to increase the number of successful rape prosecutions, and to bring the laws into compliance with international law and international human rights standards."

Child abuse, child pornography and the internet (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
John Carr

This report seeks to determine to what extent the internet facilitates sexually abusive behavior in individuals. The report also discusses the role that child pornography can play in stimulating individuals with sexual interest in children to go on committing real life offences against children. The author concludes by proposing ways to increase protection for children using the internet and reduce the amount of child pornography being posted on the internet.

Child and Family Service Review Outcomes: Strategies to Improve Domestic Violence Responses in CFSR Program Improvement Plans (pdf)

added 11/15/2009
Shellie Taggart

"Child and Family Service Reviews (CFSRs) evaluate public child welfare systems to determine how well they achieve safety, permanency, and well-being in difficult situations of neglect, physical and sexual abuse, and co-existing domestic violence, substance abuse, mental health issues, poverty, and community violence. This guide can help stakeholders develop effective (Program Improvement Plans) PIPs for achieving safety, permanency, and well-being in domestic violence cases, and to identify or anticipate related technical assistance needs."

Child Protection Information Sheets (pdf)

added 03/18/2009

"This booklet comprises 14 information sheets which highlight how child protection is crucial to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. Covering different forms of abuse, these sheets also outline how to build a protective environment for children and what UNICEF is doing on the ground to protect children."

Child Trafficking for Sexual Purposes Report (pdf)

added 04/15/2009

End Child Prostitution, Child Pornography and Trafficking of Children for Sexual Purposes (ECPAT International) released a report in November 2008 on the global problem of child sex trafficking. The report sums up progress countries have made since passing laws to combat child sex trafficking. Finally, the report highlights key lessons learned and discusses six recommendations to improve strategies and policies.

Child-Pornography Possessors Arrested in Internet-Related Crimes: Findings From the National Juvenile Online Victimization Study (pdf)

added 09/03/2008
Janis Wolak ; David Finkelhor ; Kimberly J. Mitchell

"This report presents findings from the National Juvenile Online Victimization (N-JOV) Study describing arrests and characteristics of offenses and offenders for Internet-related sex crimes committed against minors."

Children with Sexual Behavior Problems: Common Misconceptions vs. Current Findings (pdf)

added 07/07/2008

"This fact sheet provides information about children who demonstrate developmentally inappropriate or aggressive sexual behavior. It addresses some common myths about this population and provides findings from research on the issue."

Clinical Management of Survivor's of Rape: A Guide to the Development of Protocols for Use in Refugee and Internally Displaced Person Situations (pdf)

added 09/11/2003

This guide is intended for use by qualified health care providers in developing protocols for the management of rape survivors.

Community Engagement Curriculum Guide (pdf)

added 04/23/2010
Mimi Kim

This training curriculum is based on a report from the API Institute on Domestic Violence titled "The Community Engagement Continuum: Outreach, Mobilization, Organizing and Accountability to Address Violence Against Women in Asian & Pacific Islander Communities".

Confronting Sexual Violence in Conflict Situations (pdf)

added 11/01/2009

"This document is one of four sections to be published in the organization's upcoming handbook, 'Women Claiming Justice: Using International Law in Conflict and Post-Conflict Situations'. The report outlines the various manifestations of sexual violence frequently exhibited in conflict zones, specifically highlighting rape and sexual abuse, domestic violence, sexual exploitation, and trafficking. Also provides a “Peace Builders Action Toolkit” with resources for activists working to create peace and justice. "

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

added 03/27/1997

The Human Rights Reports cover internationally recognized individual, civil, political, and worker rights, as set forth in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international agreements. The U.S. Department of State submits reports on all countries receiving assistance and all United Nations member states to the U.S. Congress in accordance with the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and the Trade Act of 1974.

Crime and the Nation's Households, 2003 (pdf)

added 07/07/2008
Bureau of Justice Statistics, Office of Justice Programs

"Presents national prevalence estimates for the percentage of households with one or more persons who were victimized by crime as measured by the National Crime Victimization Survey."

Crime and the Nation's Households, 2004 (pdf)

added 07/07/2008
Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice - Office of Justice Programs

"Presents information on the percentage of households or persons in households who are victimized as measured by the National Crime Victimization Survey. Findings are presented by region; urban, suburban or rural location; and by household size."

Crimes Against People with Disabilities, 2007 (pdf)

added 03/03/2010

"Using 2007 National Crime Victimization Survey data, the study found that persons with disabilities were victims of about 47,000 rapes. Rates of rape and sexual assault were more than twice those for people without disabilities. In addition, youth with a disability ages 12 to 19 experienced violence at nearly twice the rate as those without a disability."

Criminal Victimization, 2008 (pdf)

added 09/18/2009
Michael R. Rand, BJS Statistician

"The report includes data on violent crimes (rape/sexual assault, robbery, aggravated assault and simple assault), property crimes (burglary, motor vehicle